Researcher Database

Masaki EDA
Hokkaido University Museum
Associate Professor

Researcher Profile and Settings


  • Hokkaido University Museum

Job Title

    Associate Professor




Research funding number

  • 60452546

Research Interests

  • Zooarchaeozlogy   Phylogeography   Archaeozoology   Zooarchaeology   

Research Areas

  • Anthropology / Physical anthropology
  • Cultural property science / Cultural property science
  • History / Archaeology
  • Basic biology / Biodiversity/Systematics
  • Basic medicine / General anatomy (including histology/embryology)

Academic & Professional Experience

  • 2012/04 - 2018/05    Hokkaido University, The Hokkaido University MuseumLecturer
  • 2007/04 - 2012/03    Medical Department, Tottori UniversityAssistant professor

Association Memberships


Research Activities

Published Papers

  • Masaki Eda, Takeshi Yamasaki, Masato Sakai
    Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 26 2352409X 2019/08 [Refereed][Not invited]
    © 2019 Elsevier Ltd The lines and geoglyphs of Nasca are a series of drawings etched into the surface of the so-called Pampas of Southern Peru. Of these geoglyphs, there are 16 that depict birds. The bird geoglyphs mainly created during the Late Paracas and the Nasca Period (c. 2400 to 1300 years ago) and account for the largest number of geoglyphs in the Nasca pampas that depict plants and animals. Bird geoglyphs are identified using general impressions or a few notable morphological traits. However, little consideration has been given to whether bird geoglyphs contain traits similar to those of other taxa or if the traits depicted by each figure match the taxon to which they have been attributed. In this study, we identified the Nasca bird geoglyphs from an ornithological perspective. In doing so, we revealed several discrepancies between their geoglyphic characteristics and those of the taxonomic groups to which they were attributed by previous research. In addition, we determined that some of the geoglyphs depicted a number of specific birds, including hermit, pelicans, and what is most likely an immature parrot. Each of these birds is regionally exotic. For instance, hermits and parrots are found in tropical rain forests whereas pelicans live in coastal areas. The reason exotic birds were depicted in the geoglyphs instead of indigenous birds is closely related to the purpose of the etching process. Further studies involving bird figures depicted on pottery and sacrificed bird remains would be useful when attempting to identify the geoglyphic birds further.
  • M. Eda, R. Shoocongdej, P. Auetrakulvit, J. Kachajiwa
    International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 29 231 - 237 1047482X 2019/03 [Refereed][Not invited]
    © 2018 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. The origin of the domestication of chicken Gallus gallus domesticus is still a subject of debate. It principally originates from the red junglefowl G. gallus, which is distributed throughout Southeast Asia and South China. However, the prehistoric exploitation of chicken and red junglefowl in Southeast Asia has remained unclear due to a small number of samples for bone analysis. In this study, we analysed bird remains from four archaeological sites in Thailand: Ban Hua Ud (4,000–3,000 bp), Long Long Rak (1,900–1,600 bp), Ban Non Wat (3,750–1,500 bp), and Keed Kin (fifth–11th Century A.D.). Bones from pheasants/fowls (Phasianidae), storks (Ciconiidae), cormorants (Phalacrocoracidae), crows (Corvidae), and passerines (Passeriformes) were found. A small number of stork bones were found at three lowland sites, with none found at Long Long Rak. Cormorant bones were dominant at Ban Hua Ud but were only found at that site. Pheasant/fowl bones were found at all sites except Ban Hua Ud and dominated the number of identified specimens, suggesting that they were the most commonly used bird, at least after the Iron Age. Morphological bone identification criteria for the 24 Phasianidae species in Thailand have not been established; ancient DNA analysis is required to differentiate chicken/red junglefowl bone from other indigenous pheasants/fowls. It is obvious that mitochondrial DNA remained unchanged in the early stages of the domestication process. Further studies combining ancient DNA and morphological analyses are required to judge whether all of the candidate chicken bones are indeed from red junglefowl or chicken. Although these results are regionally and temporally restricted, they give important quantitative information on bird exploitation during the Neolithic and early historic Dvaravadi periods in Thailand.
  • Vokhshoori Natasha L., McCarthy Matthew D., Collins Paul W., Etnier Michael A., Rick Torben, Eda Masaki, Beck Jessie, Newsome Seth D.
    MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES 610 1 - 13 0171-8630 2019/02 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • Masaki Eda, Hiroki Kikuchi, Guoping Sun, Akira Matsui
    Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences 18669557 2019/01 [Refereed][Not invited]
    © 2019, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature. The origins of chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) domestication have remained debatable for over a century. China, and particularly northern China, has been claimed as one of the early centers for the domestication of chickens, because many alleged chicken bones have been discovered at a number of archeological sites. However, the identification of archeological domestic chicken bones from early Holocene sites in northern China remains contentious. The Neolithic chicken exploitation in southern China close to modern distribution area of wild red junglefowl (G. gallus) remained unclear, since analyses of bird bones were scarce in the region. To reveal the birds, especially chicken, exploitation in Neolithic southern China, we analyzed bird remains from Tianluoshan site which is located in the lower Yangtze River and is a ruin of large village in the Neolithic early rice cultivation society. Ducks (Anatinae), rails (Rallidae), and geese/swans (Anserinae) were dominant, suggesting that peoples in the Tianluoshan site got birds at inland and brackish waters environments near the site. Although two G. gallus size bones were found at the site, it is also included in the size range of five indigenous pheasants in the region and further studies are required for the species identification of the bones. Phasianidae bones occupied only 0.4% of NISP, suggesting Phasianidae birds, including domestic chickens and red junglefowls, were rarely exploited in the Tianluoshan site. The results did not support the north-word expanded wild distribution of red junglefowl nor early Holocene chicken exploitation in the lower Yangtze River.
  • 川上和人, 江田真毅, 泉洋江, 堀越和夫, 鈴木創
    日本鳥学会誌 68 (1) 95‐98(J‐STAGE)  0913-400X 2019 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • 江田 真毅
    季刊考古学 季刊考古学 (144) 43 - 46 0288-5956 2018/08 [Not refereed][Invited]
  • 江田真毅
    野鳥 83 (6) 14‐15  0910-4488 2018/07 [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • 江田 真毅, 川上 和人
    日本鳥学会誌 = Japanese journal of ornithology 日本鳥学会誌 = Japanese journal of ornithology 67 (1) 3 - 5 0913-400X 2018/04 [Not refereed][Invited]
  • Kazuto Kawakami, Masaki Eda, Hiroe Izumi, Kazuo Horikoshi, Hajime Suzuki
    Ornithological Science 17 11 - 18 13470558 2018/01 [Refereed][Not invited]
    © The Ornithological Society of Japan 2018. Puffinus lherminieri bannermani is a small black-and-white shearwater, which is endemic to the Ogasawara Islands, Japan. The taxonomic position of this shearwater is contentious. It is treated as a subspecies of Audubon's Shearwater P. lherminieri or the Tropical Shearwater P. bailloni in some checklists, while it is as considered monotypic, as Bannerman's Shearwater P. bannermani, in others. We examined the mitochondrial cytochrome b region to determine the taxon's phylogenetic position. While on the one hand the results showed that it was not genetically related to either P. lherminieri or P. bailloni, but formed a clade with P. myrtae, P. newelli, and P. auricularis, on the other hand, bannermani has diverged substantially from the other three taxa in both genetic and morphological features. This shearwater was first described as Bannerman's Shearwater, and our results confirm that P. lherminieri bannermani should be split from Audubon's Shearwater, and the monotypic Bannerman's Shearwater is recommended to be restored as a distinct species.
  • 川上和人, 江田真毅
    日本鳥学会誌 67 (1) 7‐23(J‐STAGE)  0913-400X 2018 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • 江田 真毅, 山本 順司
    博物館研究 = Museum studies 博物館研究 = Museum studies 52 (9) 30 - 33 0911-9892 2017/09 [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • T. Deguchi, F. Sato, M. Eda, H. Izumi, H. Suzuki, R. M. Suryan, E. W. Lance, E. W. Lance, H. Hasegawa, K. Ozaki
    Animal Conservation 20 341 - 349 13679430 2017/08 [Refereed][Not invited]
    © 2016 The Zoological Society of London Restoration or establishment of colonies using translocation and hand-rearing can be an effective tool for conserving birds. However, well-designed post-release evaluation studies for long-lived species are rarely implemented. We investigated the attendance and breeding attempts of hand-reared short-tailed albatross (STAL) Phoebastria albatrus chicks (n = 69) translocated to a historic breeding island in the Ogasawara Islands, 350 km from the source colony, for 8 consecutive years after the first translocation. Thirty-nine percent of hand-reared birds (n = 27) returned to the translocation site at least once per breeding season, of which 67% (n = 18) also visited the natal island. The number of hand-reared birds returning each year was lower at the translocation site (mean: 0.3–2.3 birds per day) versus the natal island (0.4–3.5 birds per day). The first breeding attempt occurred 5 years after the first translocation. Three pairs (producing three chicks) recruited to the translocation site or neighboring islands and five pairs (producing nine chicks) recruited to the natal island by 8 years after the first translocation. Every hand-reared bird that raised a chick paired with a naturally reared bird. At the translocation site and neighboring islands, two hand-reared birds paired with a mate from the natal island and a breeding colony 1850 km away, respectively, while the parents of the third chick were unknown. Their breeding at the translocation region was observed among conspecific social attractants (decoys, audio playback; one pair) or congeners (two pairs). Our preliminary results suggest that even though more translocated and hand-reared albatrosses visited and recruited to their natal island compared to the translocation site, the early re-establishment of breeding by short-tailed albatrosses in the Ogasawara Islands 80 years after extirpation would not have occurred without the initial translocation effort. Further study is needed, however, to fully understand formation of breeding colonies beyond conspecific attraction and philopatry.
  • 岩波 連, 江田 真毅
    動物考古学 = Zoo-archaeology 動物考古学 = Zoo-archaeology (34) 75 - 83 1342-100X 2017/03 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • Eda Masaki, Izumi Hiroe, Konno Satoshi, Konno Miwa, Sato Fumio
    IBIS 158 (4) 868 - 875 0019-1019 2016/10 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • 江田 真毅
    動物考古学 = Zoo-archaeology 動物考古学 = Zoo-archaeology (33) 49 - 61 1342-100X 2016/03 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • Masaki Eda, Peng Lu, Hiroki Kikuchi, Zhipeng Li, Fan Li, Fan Li, Jing Yuan
    Journal of Archaeological Science 67 25 - 31 03054403 2016/03 [Refereed][Not invited]
    © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. The chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) is the most widespread domestic animal in the world. However, the timings and locations of their domestication have remained debatable for over a century. China, and particularly northern China, has been claimed as one of the early centers for the domestication of chickens, because many chicken remains have been discovered at a number of archaeological sites. However, the identification of archaeological domestic chicken bones from early Holocene sites in China remains contentious. In this study, we analyzed 1831 bird bones, which included 429 bones previously recorded as "domestic chicken" from 18 Neolithic and early Bronze Age sites in central and northern China. Although morphological species identification criteria for the bones of 55 modern Chinese Phasianidae species, including the domestic chicken and wild red junglefowls, have not yet been fully established, upon reanalysis none of the "domestic chicken" bones were derived from chickens. In addition, bones determined to be candidate chicken bones were found at only 2 of the 18 sites, suggesting that chickens were neither widely kept nor distributed in central and northern China during the early and middle Holocene period. Further studies that combine analyses of morphology, ancient DNA, and radiocarbon dating are required to fully reveal the origin and history of the domestic chicken in northern China.
  • Cyler Conrad, Charles Higham, Masaki Eda, Ben Marwick
    Asian Perspectives 55 1 - 27 00668435 2016/01 [Refereed][Not invited]
    © 2016 by the University of Hawai’i Press. This reanalysis uses the zooarchaeological assemblage recovered from Spirit Cave to understand hunter-gatherer use and occupation at the site during the Pleistocene - Holocene transition. We analyze bone fragmentation, sample size, and relative abundance to establish the preservation and overall composition of the remaining fauna. Identification of several new taxa, including roundleaf bats (Hipposideros larvatus and bicolor), elongated tortoise (Indote studo elongata), black marsh turtle (Siebenrockiella crassicollis), Burmese hare (Lepus cf. peguensis) and a potential red junglefowl (Phasianidae - ?Gallus gallus) provide insights into hunter-gatherer occupation, palaeoecology, and subsistence strategies between 12,000 and 7000 years b.p. Our results indicate that Spirit Cave was occupied more sporadically than originally suggested; additionally, we identify new evidence for landscape disturbance during the early Holocene. Although this Spirit Cave zooarchaeological assemblage is incomplete, it remains an important component of Southeast Asian prehistory, providing evidence for human adaptations during a period of climatic change and instability. Keywords: Spirit Cave, zooarchaeology, NISP, MNI, Thailand, Pleistocene - Holocene transition, Hipposideros larvatus, Lepus peguensis, Siebenrockiella crassicollis.
  • M. Eda, M. Eda, S. Yashima, T. Inoué, T. Inoué
    International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 25 849 - 854 1047482X 2015/11 [Refereed][Not invited]
    © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. The ideal indicator of domestic individuals is the presence of traits that must appear in the first generation of the domestic lineage. Most wild geese are migratory, breeding in the subarctic zone and wintering in the temperate zone. If goose remains from archaeological sites in a non-breeding region are from individuals shown to have died during the breeding season, the bones are likely to be from domestic birds. Medullary bone is secondary woven bony tissue formed in the marrow cavity of breeding female birds. It develops 1 or 2weeks before the first egg is produced and disappears 1 or 2weeks after egg production. As wild geese remain in their breeding regions for about 3months after egg production, medullary bone would be expected to disappear before birds arrive at the stopover and wintering areas. Therefore, the presence of medullary bone in goose remains found in non-breeding regions would be a reliable indicator of domestic birds. In this study, we examined goose (Anserini spp.) remains from 15 archaeological sites in Japan (3400 bc to 1912 ad) using binocular observation and histological analysis. We found medullary bone in two femora from the Oranda-shokan-ato site (1650-1850 ad). The results indicate that the two femora were from domestic geese. By using secondary bone as an indicator of the domesticity of geese, knowledge regarding the origins of domestic geese can be expanded, and the morphological and/or genetic changes, as well as the domestication process, can be revealed. According to the literature, domestic geese were kept in Japan from the early eight century ad and were popular after the 17th century ad. The scarcity of medullary bone in the samples can be explained by the small number of domestic geese in Japan and/or by butchering practices that excluded the eating of breeding female geese.
  • Masaki Eda, Hiroko Koike, Hiroko Koike, Hiroyoshi Higuchi, Hiroyoshi Higuchi
    Quaternary International 419 159 - 164 10406182 2015/01 [Refereed][Not invited]
    © 2015 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA. Prehistoric hunter-gatherers in Northeast Asia lived along coastlines and made abundant use of coastal resources in their subsistence strategies. However, the extent to which they operated only along the coastline or sailed out into deeper waters for hunting and fishing remains rather uncertain. In this case-study, we reconstruct past subsistence strategies through analysis of albatross (Diomedeidae) remains recovered from two hunter-gatherer archaeological sites in Hokkaido, Northern Japan (the Funadomari site, from the late Jomon period on Rebun Island and the Bentenjima site, from the Okhotsk period on Bentenjima Island). Three questions are examined: (1) were the birds hunted for meat or for feathers; (2) were the birds procured at coastal breeding grounds or out on the open water; (3) was hunting conducted in the shallow waters of the continental shelf or out in the deeper ocean? Analysis of the bone assemblages, and species determination by ancient DNA, indicate that people must have been hunting the bird in the open waters at the edge of the continental shelf. This provides strong, although indirect, evidence that Jomon and Okhotsk Culture communities must have possessed ocean-going boats and suitable sea-faring skills in order to undertake these kinds of operations. These insights, in turn, hint at the existence of sophisticated maritime traditions in prehistoric Northeast Asia.
  • Masaki Fujita, Shinji Yamasaki, Hiroshi Sugawara, Masaki Eda
    Quaternary International 339-340 289 - 299 10406182 2014/01 [Refereed][Not invited]
    Late Pleistocene to Holocene terrestrial vertebrate fossils were excavated at a newly-found fossil locality, Maehira Fissure Site, Itoman City, Okinawa-jima Island, Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan. Location F1 in this site can be divided into three beds characterized by dominance of extinct deer (Cervus astylodon and Mutiacinae sp.), birds, and wild boar in ascending order. 14C dating indicated approximately 23-20kaBP from a snail shell collected from the deer bed and a charcoal from the boar bed. It has been considered that deer and boar lived together in the Okinawa-jima Island. However, the results indicate that deer extinction occurred before wild boar increase. The molar teeth of the late Pleistocene boar excavated from Location F1 of this site were larger than those of the Holocene boar from Location F2. This is the first report to demonstrate that the molar size of late Pleistocene boar is larger than that of Holocene boar from the same site. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA.
  • M. Eda, Y. Kodama, E. Ishimaru, E. Ishimaru, M. Yoneda
    International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 24 265 - 271 1047482X 2014/01 [Refereed][Not invited]
    Lead pollution has increased over the past four centuries with industrialisation, urbanisation, and the use of motor vehicles. In Japan, lead concentrations in human bones of the Edo period (AD 1603-1867) from urban areas were found to be higher than those from suburban areas. Because most wild geese breed in the subarctic zone and winter in the temperate zone, it is to be expected that lead concentrations in archaeological goose bones from domestic individuals would be higher than those from wild individuals because of the difference in their life cycle. In this study, we measured and compared lead concentrations in bones of geese, other birds (duck, chicken, heron, and crow), mammals (dog, cat, pig/wild boar, and deer), and in a human tooth, all from the Kenmin-kan Atochi site, Japan (Edo period). We found that lead pollution affected not only humans but also animals and that environmental lead pollution was widespread in the town.One of the goose bones analysed, a broken and healed ulna, showed a lead concentration approximately twice as high as the other goose bones. In addition, the lead concentration in a duck bone was much higher than in those of wild birds or mammals, which suggests that the duck had lived in an urban environment for a long time. The results suggest that analysis of lead concentrations can detect potential domestic animals that were exposed to environmental lead pollution, such as in the Roman period in Europe and in the Edo period in Japan. By accumulating comparative studies, the analysis of lead concentrations in archaeological goose bones is expected to become a reliable indicator of domestic geese under conditions of environmental lead contamination. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    日本鳥学会誌 63 (1) 15-21 (J-STAGE)  0913-400X 2014 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • Eda Masaki, Shimada Tetsuo, Amano Tatsuya, Ushiyama Katsumi, Mizota Chitoshi, Koike Hiroko
    ORNITHOLOGICAL SCIENCE 12 (1) 35 - 42 1347-0558 2013/06 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • (30) 337 - 359 1342-100X 2013/03 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • The reexamination of the domestic chicken in ancient China
    2013 (6) 83 - 96 2013 [Refereed][Not invited]
     Research paper (scientific journal)
  • A case of the bilateral duplicate palmaris longus muscles coupled with the palmaris profundus muscle.
    Takanashi Y, Eda M, Kaidoh T, Inoué T
    Yonago acta medica 55 (4) 75 - 80 0513-5710 2012/12 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • Eda M, Kaidoh T, Takanashi Y, Inoué T
    Pathology international 62 (11) 771 - 773 1320-5463 2012/11 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • Japanese journal of ornithology Japanese journal of ornithology 61 (2) 263 - 272 0913-400X 2012/10 [Refereed][Invited]
  • Kazuto Kawakami, Masaki Eda, Masaki Eda, Kazuo Horikoshi, Hajime Suzuki, Hayato Chiba, Takashi Hiraoka
    Condor 114 (3) 507 - 512 00105422 2012/08 [Refereed][Not invited]
    Bryan's Shearwater (Puffinus bryani) was described in 2011 on the basis of a specimen collected on the Midway Atoll in 1963. This specimen and another recorded on Midway in the early 1990s are the sole reliable rec ords to date. Since 1997, we have found six specimens of a remarkably small Puffinus shearwater morphologically similar to Bryan's Shearwater on the Bonin Islands, northwestern Pacific. In this study, we examined the Bonin samples genetically and confirm that they are of Bryan's Shearwater. A morphological analysis suggests that the small body size and relatively long tail are characteristics of this species. Because the most rec ent individual was found on an islet to the north of Chichijima Island in 2011, the species has evidently survived in the Bonin Islands, where it may breed, although the exact location remains unclear. Three of the individuals found on an islet off Chichijima Island were carcasses preyed upon by black rats (Rattus rattus). Attempts were made to eradicate rats from this island in 2008, and rats may pose a problem on other islands where the shearwaters may breed. Regardless, Bryan's Shearwater appears to be very rare and threatened on the Bonin Islands. To conserve this species effectively, its breeding sites must be identified and the infesting rats eradicated. © The Cooper Ornithological Society 2012.
  • Masaki Eda, Masaki Eda, Hiroko Koike, Hiroko Koike, Masaki Kuro-o, Shozo Mihara, Shozo Mihara, Hiroshi Hasegawa, Hiroyoshi Higuchi
    Conservation Genetics 13 (1) 143 - 151 15660621 2012/02 [Refereed][Not invited]
    The history of population structure is a key to effective wildlife management and conservation. However, inferring the history of population structure using present genetic structures is problematic when the method is applied to species that have experienced severe population bottlenecks. Ancient DNA analysis seemed to be a promising, direct method for inferring ancient population structures. However, the usual methods for inferring modern population structure, i. e. the phylogeographic approach using mitochondrial DNA and the Bayesian approach using microsatellite DNA, are often unsuitable for ancient samples. In this study, we combined ancient DNA obtained from zooarchaeological bones with carbon/nitrogen stable isotope ratios and morphological variations to infer ancient population structure of the short-tailed albatross Phoebastria albatrus. The results showed that the bird existed in two populations, between which the genetic distance was greater than that of distinct sister albatross species, although no subspecies of P. albatrus have been proposed. Our results suggest that the birds at the present two breeding regions (Torishima in the Izu Islands and two islets of the Senkaku Islands) are descended from these two ancient populations, and that reevaluation of the status and conservation strategy for the species is required. Our results also indicate that lineage breeding on the Senkaku Islands has drastically reduced genetic diversity, while that on Torishima has not. The approach proposed in this study would be useful for inferring ancient population structure, using samples of highly mobile animals and/or samples from archaeological sites, and the reconstructed ancient population structure would be useful for conservation and management recommendations. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
    日本鳥学会誌 61 (2) 263 - 272 0913-400X|1881-9710 2012 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • Masaki Eda, Masaki Eda, Hiroko Koike, Hiroko Koike, Fumio Sato, Hiroyoshi Higuchi
    Journal of the Yamashina Institute for Ornithology 43 57 - 64 13485032 2011/12 [Not refereed][Not invited]
    The Short-tailed Albatross Diomedea albatrus is a vulnerable seabird that breeds on Torishima, one of the Izu Islands, and on Minami- and Kita-kojima islands in the Senkaku Islands. An unringed bird has been observed at the Hatsunezaki colony on Torishima every year since 1996, even though since 1979 almost all birds hatched on Torishima have been ringed on both legs. This unringed individual was named Deko-chan as, until the 2005/06 breeding season, it made a nest every year near a decoy that was set to attract the birds to Hatsunezaki. Given that losing the rings from both legs while still having sub-adult plumage is unlikely, the natal site of the bird was suspected to be the Senkaku Islands. The identification of Deko-chan's natal site is important to assess whether birds from the Senkaku Islands are coming to Torishima and whether birds from the two islands are pairing. Our previous studies using control region 2 (CR2) of the mitochondrial DNA sequence suggested that the species includes two distinct populations (clades 1 and 2), with birds breeding on Torishima mostly consisting of descendants of clade 1 individuals, and those sampled in the Senkaku Islands comprised of descendants of clade 2 individuals. In this study, we analysed CR2 obtained from down collected from the nest of Deko-chan. The results reveal that Deko-chan has a CR2 sequence that di#ers from any reported to date, but indicates that it belongs to clade 2, supporting the suggestion that the natal site of the bird is the Senkaku Islands, not Torishima. Although the bird had paired with a ringed bird and reared two young by the 2009/10 breeding season, further studies using bisexually transmitted molecular markers are required to confirm whether the two lineages are able to mix. © Yamashina Institute for Ornithology.
  • Masaki Eda and Takao Inoué
    Zoo-archaeology Zoo-archaeology 28 (28) 23 - 33 1342100X 2011/05 [Not refereed][Not invited]
    日本鳥学会誌 60 (1) 100 - 104 0913-400X|1881-9710 2011 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • Masaki Eda, Masaki Kuro-o, Hiroyoshi Higuchi, Hiroshi Hasegawa, and Hiroko Koike
    Genes & Genetic Systems 85 (2) 129 - 139 1341-7568|1880-5779 2010 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • Histological analysis of medullary bones from archaeological sites in Japan
    Masaki Eda, Shoji Yashima, Seiji Kusuhara and Takao Inoue
    Birds in Archaeology, Proceedings of the 6th Meeting of the ICAZ Bird Working Group in Groningen (23.8-27.8.2008) (eds. W. Prummel, J.T. Zeiler and D.C. Brinkhuizens) 255 - 260 2010 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • Masaki Kuro-o, Hiromichi Yonekawa, Shigeru Saito, Masaki Eda, Hiroyoshi Higuchi, Hiroko Koike and Hiroshi Hasegawa
    Conservation Genetics 11 (1) 127 - 137 1566-0621 2010 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • Hyong-Ju Cho, Masaki Eda, Shin Nishida, Yoshiki Yasukochi, Jong-Ryol Chong, and Hiroko Koike
    Genes & Genetic Systems 84 (4) 297 - 305 1341-7568|1880-5779 2009 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • Masaki Eda, Kazuto Kawakami, Hayato Chiba, Hajime Suzuki, Kazuo Horikoshi and Hiroko Koike
    Ornithological Science 7 109 - 116 2008 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • A zooarchaeological and ethnographic study of frigatebird remains from Tobi Island in Micronesia
    Michiko Intoh and Masaki Eda
    People and Culture in Oceania 24 67 - 79 2008 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • Masaki Eda, Yoshiyuki Baba, Hiroko Koike and Hiroyoshi Higuchi
    Journal of Archaeological Science 33 (3) 349 - 359 0305-4403 2006 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • Why were so many albatross remains found in northern Japan?
    Masaki Eda, Hiroko Koike, Fumio Sato, and Hiroyoshi Higuchi
    Feathers, Grit and Symbolism: Birds and Humans in the Old and New Worlds, Proceedings of the 5th Meeting of the ICAZ Bird Working Group in Munich (26.7.-28.7.2004). (eds. G. Grupe and J. Peters) 131 - 140 2005 [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • Masaki Eda and Hiroyoshi Higuchi
    Zoological Science 21 (7) 771 - 783 0289-0003 2004 [Refereed][Not invited]

Conference Activities & Talks

  • 江田真毅, 泉洋江, 川上和人, 沖田絵麻
    日本文化財科学会大会研究発表要旨集  2019/06
  • 田中望羽, 小林快次, 江田真毅
    日本進化学会大会プログラム・講演要旨集(Web)  2018/08
  • 江田真毅, 泉洋江, 川上和人, 沖田絵麻
    日本文化財科学会大会研究発表要旨集  2018/07
  • 佐藤文男, 富田直樹, THIEBOT Jean‐Baptiste, 西沢文吾, 江田真毅, 泉洋江, 綿貫豊
    日本鳥学会大会講演要旨集  2017/09
  • 江田真毅
    日本鳥学会大会講演要旨集  2017/09
  • 江田真毅, 泉洋江
    日本文化財科学会大会研究発表要旨集  2017/06
  • 出口智広, 佐藤文男, 江田真毅, 泉洋江, 鈴木創, SURYAN Robert M, LANCE Ellen W, 長谷川博, 尾崎清明
    日本鳥学会大会講演要旨集  2016/09
  • 江田真毅
    日本鳥学会大会講演要旨集  2016/09
  • Were chicken exploited in the Neolithic early rice cultivation society in the lower Yangtze River? A preliminary study of bird remains from Tianluoshan Site, Zhejiang  [Not invited]
    Masaki EDA, Hiroki KIKUCHI, Guoping SUN and Akira MATSUI
  • 稲田薫, 江田真毅
    日本鳥学会大会講演要旨集  2015/09
  • 江田真毅, 泉洋江, 渡辺ユキ, 今野怜, 今野美和, 佐藤文男
    日本鳥学会大会講演要旨集  2015/09
  • 泉洋江, 江田真毅, 渡辺ユキ, 今野怜, 今野美和, 佐藤文男
    日本鳥学会大会講演要旨集  2015/09
  • 江田真毅
    日本鳥学会大会講演要旨集  2015/09
  • Drawn birds and dedicated birds in the Nasca culture: comparing birds in the Nasca Geoglyph with birds from the temples of Cahuachi, Nasca  [Not invited]
    Masaki EDA, Masato SAKAI, and Giuseppe OREFICI
    Congreso Internacional de Americanistas  2015/07
  • Translocation and ceremonial practices of the Nasca culture based on “standard” analysis of bird remains from the temples of Cahuachi, Nasca (4th–5th century AD)  [Not invited]
    Masaki Eda, Masato Sakai, and Giuseppe Oreffici
    International Council for Archaeozoology 12th Conference  2014/09
  • Evaluation of chicken bones from the Neolithic and early Bronze Age of China  [Not invited]
    Masaki Eda, Hiroki Kikuchi, Peng Lu, Zhipeng Li, Hui Deng, Fan Li, and Jing Yuan
    International Council for Archaeozoology 12th Conference,  2014/09
  • Let’s identify birds in the Nasca lines!  [Not invited]
    Masaki Eda, Takeshi Yamasaki and Masato Sakai
    26th International Ornithological Congress  2014/08
  • 千葉勇人, 鈴木創, 堀越和夫, 江田真毅, 泉洋江, 田巻芳則
    日本鳥学会大会講演要旨集  2014/08
  • 江田真毅, 泉洋江, 今野怜, 今野美和, 佐藤文男
    日本鳥学会大会講演要旨集  2013/09
  • 泉洋江, 江田真毅, 出口智広, 尾崎清明
    日本鳥学会大会講演要旨集  2013/09
  • Maritime adaption of hunter–gatherers in Japan based on ancient DNA identification of the exploited albatross (Aves: Diomedeidae) species  [Not invited]
    Masaki Eda, Hiroko Koike and Hiroyoshi Higuchi
    19th Annual Meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists  2013/09
  • 川上和人, 鈴木創, 堀越和夫, 千葉勇人, 江田真毅, 平岡考
    日本鳥学会大会講演要旨集  2012/09
  • 江田真毅, 小玉悠平, 石丸恵利子, 米田穣
    日本鳥学会大会講演要旨集  2012/09
  • Is the analysis of lead concentration in archaeological goose bone a reliable indicator of domestic bird?  [Not invited]
    Masaki Eda, Yuhei Kodama, Eriko Ishimaru and Minoru Yoneda
    Seventh Meeting of the Bird Working Group of ICAZ  2012/08
  • 江田真毅, 山崎剛史, 坂井正人
    日本鳥学会大会講演要旨集  2011/09
  • 江田真毅, 海藤俊行, 井上貴央
    解剖学雑誌  2011/03
  • 海藤俊行, 江田真毅, 井上貴央
    解剖学雑誌  2010/03
  • 森口紗千子, 内山憲太郎, 江田真毅, 天野達也, 牛山克巳, 藤田剛, 樋口広芳
    日本鳥学会大会講演要旨集  2008/09
  • そう炯柱, 江田真毅, 鄭鐘烈, 小池裕子
    日本生態学会大会講演要旨集  2008/03
  • Eda Masaki, Koike Hiroko, Mihara Shozo, Hasegawa Hiroshi, Kuroo Masaki, Higuchi Hiroyoshi
    Abstracts of the Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of Japan  2005 
    19世紀以降の商業的漁業の発達は,海鳥の食物を大きく変えた可能性が指摘されている.流し網にかかる大型の魚類やイカ類など,通常海鳥が利用できない高栄養段階の食物が供給されるようになった可能性や,逆に漁業活動の結果,採食できる高栄養段階の魚種が減少した可能性などである.本研究では,主に海面に浮上したイカ類や魚類を採食する大型海鳥であるアホウドリ(Phoebastria albatrus)を対象に,完新世後期における窒素と炭素の安定同位体比の変化を調べた.試料として,約60年前,500年前,1000年前,3500年前の遺跡から出土した骨と,繁殖地で採集された死体の骨を用いた.各試料から骨中のコラーゲンを抽出し,窒素と炭素の安定同位体比(δ15Nとδ13C)を測定した.骨コラーゲンはターンオーバーが遅く,その同位体比は数年の平均的な食性の情報をもつとされる.測定の結果,アホウドリの骨コラーゲンのδ15Nは約16—19‰,δ13Cは約-16—-12‰で,この種が海洋食物連鎖の高次栄養段階にあることが示された.各試料のミトコンドリアDNAの制御領域とチトクロームb領域を調べ,種内の系統ごと,時代ごとに安定同位体比を比較した結果,1)各時代の試料の安定同位体比は系統に関わらず比較的集中した値をとること,2)同一の時代でも異なるミトコンドリアDNAの系統では安定同位体比に差のある傾向があること,3)完新世の他の時代に比べ,現在のアホウドリでは平均値でδ15N値が約1‰,δ13C値が約2‰減少したことが明らかになった.3)の傾向のうち,δ13C値の約1‰の減少は海洋スエズ効果に由来すると考えられるが,観察された変動はそれよりも大きい.また,δ15N値の減少は栄養段階の低下を示す可能性がある.
  • Case report of a large stone-like structure in the lesser pelvis  [Not invited]
    The 116th Annual Meeting of the Japanese Association of Anatomists  2011
  • Chickens in the Yayoi period: a living gift from Imperial China?  [Not invited]
    ESF-JSPS Frontier Science Conference Series for Young Researchers, Contact Zones of Empires in Asia and Europe: Complexity, Contingency, Causality  2010
  • Mitochondrial DNA sequence duplication in the Black-faced spoonbill, Platalea minor  [Not invited]
    International Symposium on Ecology, Migration and Conservation of the Black-faced Spoonbill  2010
  • Genetic structure of Black-faced spoonbill by mtDNA analysis  [Not invited]
    International Symposium on Ecology, Migration and Conservation of the Black-faced Spoonbill  2010
  • Genetic structure of Greater White-fronted Geese in wintering and stopover sites in Japan and Korea  [Not invited]
    25th International Ornithological Congress  2010
  • Medullary bones in goose remains: A reliable indicator of domestic individual in the Temperate Zone  [Not invited]
    International Council for Archaeozoology 11th Conference  2010
  • Histological analysis of medullary bones from archaeological sites in Japan  [Not invited]
    Sixth Meeting of the Bird Working Group of ICAZ  2008
  • Were they wild?: traditional bone observations and ancient DNA and stable isotope analyses for goose (Anserinae) archaeological remains from Japan  [Not invited]
    International Council for Archaeozoology 10th Conference  2006
  • Admixture of two populations or a large population?: combining Ancient DNA with stable isotope analyses to reconstruct original population structure for the Short-tailed Albatross  [Not invited]
    Second Meeting of the Archaeozoology and Genetics ICAZ Working Group  2005
  • Reconstructing Original Population Structure of a Nearly Extinct Seabird, the Short-tailed Albatross, from Zooarchaeological Remains  [Not invited]
    First Okazaki Biology Conference  2004
  • Why did Prehistoric Man Capture so Many Short-tailed Albatrosses in Northern Japan?  [Not invited]
    Fifth Meeting of the ICAZ Bird Working Group  2004
  • Haneo, the Faunal Analysis of an Early Jomon Wet Site  [Not invited]
    10th International Wetland Archaeology Research Project Conference  2003
  • Ancient DNA analysis for species identification of albatross bones: short-tailed albatrosses disappeared from the Sea of Japan and the Sea of Okhotsk  [Not invited]
    International Council for Archaeozoology 9th Conference  2002

Awards & Honors

  • 2010/08   ICAZ 2010 Poster Competition, Poster prize for the quality of the research protocols (International Council for Archaeozoology 11th Conference, Paris)
  • 2006/08   ICAZ 2006 Poster Competition, Open Category, Runner-Up (International Council for Archaeozoology 10th Conference, Mexico City)
  • 2002/08   ICAZ 2002 Poster Competition, Studen Category, Winner (International Council for Archaeozoology 9th Conference, Durhram)

Research Grants & Projects

  • Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology:Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research(若手研究(B))
    Date (from‐to) : 2009 -2011 
    Author : Masaki EDA
    鳥取大学Morphological characteristics of domestic chicken bones in the Yayoi period were similar to ones of red-jungle fowls kept in cage and not fully domesticated. Then I tried to find out nonmetric osteological characters that are useful for the discrimination of chicken and indigenous wild fowls in Japan. Referring to the osteological characteristics, I reanalyzed and reconfirmed zooarchaeological chicken bones from the Yayoi period. In addition, I studied bird remains from 20 archaeological sites in Japan(Early Jomon to Edo Period) and tried to find out domescit chicken and goose bones.
  • Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology:Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research(若手研究(スタートアップ))
    Date (from‐to) : 2007 -2008 
    Author : Masaki EDA
  • The history of domestic birds

Educational Activities

Teaching Experience

  • Evolutionary Biology
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 理学院
    キーワード : 遺伝子系統樹,ネットワーク,遺伝的多型,遺伝分化,突然変異,遺伝的不動,自然選択,集団サイズ,集団構造,分散と分断,生物地理区
  • Inter-Graduate School Classes(Educational Program):Museology
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 大学院共通科目
    キーワード : 学術標本・資料、博物館、学芸員、アドバンストコース
  • Environment and People
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 全学教育
    キーワード : 博物館、標本、資料、展示、実証的教育・研究、地球科学、生物学、獣医学、考古学、建築学、情報学、教育学
  • Theory of Museum Exhibitions
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 文学部
    キーワード : 博物館、展示、学芸員
  • Museum IIb
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 文学部
    キーワード : 博物館,情報,メディア,ドキュメンテーション,データベース,アーカイブ,映像,知的財産
  • Theory of Museum Mediation and Communication
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 文学部
    キーワード : 博物館,情報,メディア,ドキュメンテーション,データベース,アーカイブ,映像,知的財産

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