Researcher Database

Graduate School of Humanities and Human Sciences Division of Human Sciences Department of Regional Science
Assistant Professor

Researcher Profile and Settings


  • Graduate School of Humanities and Human Sciences Division of Human Sciences Department of Regional Science

Job Title

    Assistant Professor



Research Interests

  • Biogeography   wildlife   Northern Small-numbered People   Indigenous People   Siberia   Arctic   Wildlife Management   Conservation Biology   Environmental Education   

Research Areas

  • Basic biology / Ecology/Environment
  • Resource conservation science / Resource conservation science
  • Area studies / Area studies
  • Cultural anthropology / Cultural anthropology
  • Environmental science / Environmental impact assessment/Environmental policy
  • Sociology / Sociology


  • 1994/04 - 2000/03  Kyoto University  Graduate School of Natural Science  Division of Biological Science  japan

Association Memberships


Research Activities

Published Papers

  • TATSUZAWA (Tatsudzava) Shirow
    J Ecosys Ecograph 4 (1) 141 - 144 2014 [Refereed][Not invited]
     Research paper (scientific journal)
  • Kawamura Takashi, Koda Ryosuke, Tatsuzawa Shirow
    Honyurui Kagaku (Mammalian Science) Honyurui Kagaku (Mammalian Science) 53 (2) 345 - 350 0385-437X 2013 [Refereed][Not invited]
     Research paper (scientific journal) 
    Although pastures are often good feeding sites and can benefit deer population growth, the pasture utilization of sika deer (Cervus nippon yakushimae) in Yakushima Island is not clear. Spotlight counts of deer were conducted in the Nagamine pasture on Yakushima Island every month between 2006 and 2009. Mean deer density utilizing the pasture was estimated to be 420 deer/km2. Deer density in the pasture decreased when spotlight counts were conducted soon after sunset and pasture land was dug up, which may result from higher disturbance by human activity and lower abundance of pasture plants. In contrast to other reports in northern Japan, seasonal variation of pasture utilization by deer was not detected. This may be due to relatively constant quality and quantity of deer forage in the evergreen broad-leaved forests on Yakushima Island. Since 2010, the immediate surroundings Nagamine pasture have changed drastically, and it is therefore important to continue monitoring deer densities in and around the pasture.
  • Terada C, Tatsuzawa S, Saitoh T
    Oecologia 169 (4) 981 - 994 0029-8549 2012/08 [Refereed][Not invited]
     Research paper (scientific journal)
  • ABE Go, MIYOSHI Hidekatsu, SASHIKA Mariko, NAKAI Mariko, SHIMADA Kenichirou, UEDA Kazunori, TOGASHI Takashi, IKEDA Tohru, TATSUZAWA Shirow, MUROYAMA Yasuyuki
    Honyurui Kagaku (Mammalian Science) 哺乳類科学 51 (2) 257 - 263 0385437X 2011/12 [Refereed][Not invited]
     Research paper (scientific journal)
  • Abe Go, Miyoshi Hidekatsu, Sashika Mariko, Nakai Mariko, Shimada Kenichirou, Ueda Kazunori, Togashi Takashi, Ikeda Tohru, Tatsuzawa Shirow, Muroyama Yasuyuki
    Honyurui Kagaku (Mammalian Science) 哺乳類科学 51 (2) 257 - 263 2011 [Not refereed][Not invited]
    We developed a procedure to safely handle raccoons trapped by the Egg Trap™. We designed two types of collecting boxes, both of which had a dark color within in order that trapped raccoons would move into the box spontaneously. Type A was a plastic dust box sprayed in black. Type B was a cage trap covered with a black shade. We trapped 60 raccoons (24 males, 8 pregnant females, 28 non-pregnant females) with the Egg Trap™. Eight raccoons were collected by the Type A box, and 52 raccoons were collected by the Type B box. We handled all trapped raccoons safely. All raccoons except for three were collected smoothly within 60 seconds. The mean time (±SD) of collecting the raccoons (n=57) was 14.5 (±11.1) seconds. There were no significant differences in the time of collecting between type A and B, between trapping with one hand or two, and between sexes. These results suggested that these collecting boxes were applicable for raccoons trapped by the Egg Trap™ under various conditions, and that the collecting box was an appropriate size and an appropriate inner color as a hiding place for raccoons.
  • Terada Chisato, Tatsuzawa Shirow, Kawamura Takashi, Fujioka Masahiro
    Japanese journal of conservation ecology Japanese journal of conservation ecology 15 (2) 193 - 201 13424327 2010/11 [Refereed][Not invited]
     Research paper (scientific journal) 
    To determine effects of anthropogenically-induced environmental changes on a sika deer (Cervus nippon) population, we measured food resource abundance and numbers of deer feeding scars at impacted and control sites. Study sites were set in cedar plantations and broadleaf secondary forests near Yakushima. Within each site, one-meter square plots were set along roadsides and in the forest interior. All grasses and seedlings within plots were harvested for dry weight measurements (food biomass). In addition, fixed transects were deployed near the harvested plots, and all feeding scars were cou...
    Zoological science Zoological science 27 (3) 243 - 247 0289-0003 2010/03 [Refereed][Not invited]
     Research paper (scientific journal)
  • ASAKAWA Mitsuhiko, SATO Miki, SONE Keiko, TATSUZAWA Shirow, ODA Sen-ichi
    Journal of the College of Dairying. Natural science 酪農学園大学紀要. 自然科学編 33 (2) 291 - 292 0388001X 2009/04 [Refereed][Not invited]
     Research paper (bulletin of university, research institution)
  • Harumi Torii, Shirow Tatsuzawa
    Biology and Management of Native and Introduced Populations 347 - 363 2009 [Refereed][Not invited]
     Research paper (other science council materials etc.)
  • MOTOKAWA Masaharu, TATSUZAWA Shirow
    Bulletin of the Biogeographical Society of Japan 日本生物地理學會會報 = Bulletin of the Bio-geographical Society of Japan 63 (0) 43 - 45 00678716 2008/12 [Refereed][Not invited]
     Research paper (scientific journal)
    Zoological Science Zoological science 25 (7) 714 - 720 0289-0003 2008/07 [Refereed][Not invited]
     Research paper (scientific journal)
  • TATSUZAWA Shirow
    Journal of environmental sociology Journal of environmental sociology 0 (13) 33 - 47 2007/10 [Refereed][Invited]
     Research paper (scientific journal) 
    Civic investigation has a function, not only of data collection and environmental education, but also plays an important role in the social decision making process. Civic investigation can be categorized into four types : observation type; research type ; movement type; policy proposal type (policy-oriented civic investigation) . It can also be arranged into two axes of specialty and activity, which are the essence of civic investigation. For the development of the function of civic investigation as a social decision making process, it is necessary to discuss strategies for "policy proposal...
  • 阿部豪, 青柳正英, 的場洋平, 佐鹿万里子, 車田利夫, 高野恭子, 池田透, 立澤史郎
    ほ乳類科学 (93) 169 - 175 0385-437X 2006/12 [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • ABE Go, AOYAGI Masahide, MATOBA Yohei, SASHIKA Mariko, KURUMADA Toshio, TAKANO Yasuko, IKEDA Tohru, TATSUZAWA Shirow
    Mammalian Science Honyurui Kagaku (Mammalian Science) 46 (2) 169 - 175 0385437X 2006/12 [Refereed][Not invited]
     Research paper (scientific journal) 
    The wire cage trap, which is the most popular restraining measure for capturing feral raccoons (Procyon lotor) in Japan, has some problems, including 1) capturing untargeted animals, 2) bait stealing by small animals and mechanical failure, 3) trap-shyness, 4) tendency to break due to the activities of captured animals, and 5) high cost of purchasing, transportation and maintenance. Seven EggTM traps were employed to examine their efficacy in preventing these problems. In this study, 2 feral raccoons (a 5-year-old male and a 6-year-old female) were captured without injury over 200 trap nigh...
  • YAMADA Masahiro, HOSOI Eiji, TAMATE Hidetoshi B., NAGATA Junco, TATSUZAWA Shirow, TADO Hiroyuki, OZAWA Shinobu
    Mammal Study Mammal Study 31 (1) 23 - 28 1343-4152|1348-6160 2006/06 [Refereed][Not invited]
     Research paper (scientific journal) 
    Nucleotide sequences of sika deer (Cervus nippon) collected from the eastern part of Shikoku Island were investigated & compared with those from other areas. Nucleotide sequence of the whole D-loop region of the mitochondrial DNA was determined by direct sequencing technique for each sample. The phylogenetic tree constructed by the sequences indicates that sika deer from Shikoku Island are divided into two distinct lineages: the northern Japan group and the southern Japan group. Proportion of the northern Japan lineage was higher in the northeastern part of the sampling area. There was no b...
  • Go Abe, Tohru Ikeda, Shirow Tatsuzawa
    Assessment and Control of Biological Invasion Risks. Shoukadoh Book Sellers, Kyoto, Japan and IUCN 116 - 121 2006 [Refereed][Not invited]
     Research paper (international conference proceedings)
  • T. Tsunoda, T. Tsunoda, S. Tatsuzawa
    Parasitology 128 503 - 509 00311820 2004/05 [Refereed][Not invited]
     Research paper (scientific journal) 
    The questing height (i.e. ambush height) of ticks on a plant plays an important role in host selection. To test the hypothesis that the questing height of ticks in a locality had adapted to the body size of the host in that locality, we examined the questing height of nymphs of the ticks, Haemaphysalis longicornis and H. mageshimaensis, at 7 locations in Japan. Sika deer, Cervus nippon, is the primary host of these ticks and there is considerable geographical variation in the body size of sika deer. Multiple regression analysis revealed that the questing height in the field was influenced by the height of the plants and by the body size of deer at a location. However, the questing height of ticks at some locations may have been constrained by the height of the plants and might not be the same as their intrinsic questing height. When ticks were placed in vertical glass tubes in the laboratory, the questing height of ticks from a locality was correlated with the mean body size of deer at that locality. Therefore, the prominent cue determining the questing height of H. longicornis and H. mageshimaensis seems to be the body size of the host deer.
  • Tatsuzawa Shiro, Fujita Kazushi, Ito Masako
    24 (1) 3 - 14 09194657 2002/12 [Refereed][Not invited]
     Research paper (scientific journal)
  • Tatsuzawa Shiro, Fujita Kazushi
    23 (2) 127 - 140 09194657 2001/12 [Refereed][Not invited]
     Research paper (scientific journal)
  • TATSUZAWA Shirow, SAKAIZUMI Mitsuru, KANO Yuichi
    Biogeography Biogeography 3 (0) 89 - 100 13450662 2001/08 [Refereed][Not invited]
     Research paper (scientific journal)
  • Simon J. Goodman, Simon J. Goodman, Hidetoshi B. Tamate, Rebecca Wilson, Junko Nagata, Shirow Tatsuzawa, Graeme M. Swanson, Josephine M. Pemberton, Dale R. McCullough
    Molecular Ecology 10 1357 - 1370 09621083 2001/06 [Refereed][Not invited]
     Research paper (scientific journal) 
    We assessed genetic differentiation and diversity in 14 populations of sika deer (Cervus nippon) from Japan and four populations of sika deer introduced to the UK, using nine microsatellite loci. We observed extreme levels of differentiation and significant differences in diversity between populations. Our results do not support morphological Subspecies designations, but are consistent with previous mitochondrial DNA analyses which suggest the existence of two genetically distinct lineages of sika deer in Japan. The source of sika introduced to the UK was identified as Kyushu. The underlying structure of Japanese populations probably derives from drift in separate glacial refugia and male dispersal limited by distance. This structure has been perturbed by bottlenecks and habitat fragmentation, resulting from human activity from the mid-nineteenth century. Most current genetic differentiation and differences in diversity among populations probably result from recent drift. Coalescent model analysis suggests sika on each of the main Japanese islands have experienced different recent population histories. Hokkaido, which has large areas of continuous habitat, has maintained high levels of gene flow. In Honshu the population is highly fragmented and is likely to have been evolving by drift alone. In Kyushu there has been a balance between gene flow and drift but all the populations have experienced high levels of drift. Habitat fragment size was not significantly associated with genetic diversity in populations but there was a significant correlation between habitat fragment size and effective population size.
  • Bulletin of the Historiographical Institute Bulletin of the Historiographical Institute 0 (26) 1 - 20 09144137 2001/03 [Refereed][Invited]
     Research paper (bulletin of university, research institution)
  • Insects fauna of Mage-shima island, Ohsumi Islands
    Nature Study 47 (1) 8 - 8 2000/01 [Refereed][Not invited]
     Research paper (bulletin of university, research institution)
  • Junko Nagata, Ryuichi Masuda, Hidetoshi B. Tamate, Shin Ichiro Hamasaki, Keiji Ochiai, Masahiko Asada, Shirow Tatsuzawa, Kazuki Suda, Hiroyuki Tado, Michihiro C. Yoshida
    Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 13 511 - 519 10557903 1999/12 [Refereed][Not invited]
     Research paper (scientific journal) 
    To investigate genetic diversity among populations of the sika deer, Cervus nippon, nucleotide sequences (705-824 bases) of the mitochondrial D-loop regions were determined in animals from 13 localities in the Japanese islands. Phylogenetic trees constructed by the sequences indicated that the Japanese sika deer is separated into two distinct lineages: the northern Japan group (the Hokkaido island and most of the Honshu mainland) and the southern Japan group (a part of the southern Honshu mainland, the Kyushu island, and small islands around the Kyushu island). All sika deer examined in this study shared four to seven units of repetitive sequences (37 to 40 bases each) within the D-loop sequences. The number of tandem repeats was different among the populations, and it was specific to each population. Six or seven repeats occurred in populations of the northern Japan group, while four or five repeats occurred in populations of the southern Japan group. Each repeat unit included several nucleotide substitutions, compared with others, and 26 types were identified from 31 animals. Sequences of the first, second, and third units in arrays were clearly different between the northern and the southern groups. Based on these D-loop data, colonization and separation of the sika deer populations in the Japanese islands were estimated to have occurred less than 0.5 million years before present. Our results provide an invaluable insight into better understanding the evolutionary history, phylogeny, taxonomy, and population genetics of the sika deer. © 1999 Academic Press.
  • Okada Atsushi, Tatsuzawa Shirow, Murakami Okimasa
    20 (2) 77 - 81 09194657 1998/12 [Refereed][Not invited]
     Research paper (scientific journal)
  • Hidetoshi B. Tamate, Shirow Tatsuzawa, Kazuki Suda, Masako Izawa, Teruo Doi, Katsunori Sunagawa, Fumiyosi Miyahira, Hiroyuki Tado
    Journal of Mammalogy 79 1396 - 1403 00222372 1998/11 [Refereed][Not invited]
     Research paper (scientific journal) 
    A partial sequence of the mitochondrial cytochrome-b gene was determined for seven subspecies of sika deer (Cervus nippon) in the Japanese Islands. Nine mitochondrial DNA genotypes were distinguishable among deer sampled. Sequence analysis revealed two major phylogenetic groups comprised of northern (Hokkaido-Honshu) and southern (Kyushu) local populations. Estimated nucleotide divergence between genotypes found in southern populations was <1.1%, which indicated that genetic differentiation within this group occurred recently. Phylogenetic data suggest that the biogeographical boundary between northern and southern populations of sika deer lies somewhere in the Honshu mainland and not in channels that separate each Japanese Island as has been suggested. C. n. keramae, an endangered subspecies in the Kerama Islands, was found to be genotypically close to other subspecies from southern populations. C. n. keramae may have descended from deer originally introduced from Kyushu Island.
  • Tatsuzawa Shiro, Suzuki Zenji
    Memoirs of Osaka Kyoiku University. V, Curricula and methods of education and allied subjects Memoirs of Osaka Kyoiku University. V, Curricula and methods of education and allied subjects 38 (2) 229 - 245 03893480 1989/12 [Refereed][Not invited]
     Research paper (bulletin of university, research institution)

Books etc

Conference Activities & Talks


Research Grants & Projects

  • Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology:Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research(基盤研究(B))
    Date (from‐to) : 2006 -2008 
    Author : Shuichi KITOH
  • Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology:Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research(基盤研究(B))
    Date (from‐to) : 2005 -2007 
    Author : 小谷 凱宣, Shiro SASAKI
    南山大学->国立民族学博物館The main purpose of this research project was the documentation of the Ainu collections reserved in museums in Hokkaido. We chose the following three museums in Hokkaido, that is, Museum of the Botanical Garden of Field Science Center for Northern Biosphere in Hokkaido University, Hakodate City Museum of Northern Peoples, and Museum of Matsumae Castle, reconfirmed the collections in each museum, made documents and photographs of each material, and researched the historical background of the collections. As a result of our research activities in three years, we could document all the materia...
  • Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology:Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research(基盤研究(A))
    Date (from‐to) : 2008 -2011 
    Author : Taisuke MIYAUCHI
    北海道大学Many of our field researches has revealed some important points of the governance of natural resources : 1. Recognizing plural values, 2. securing adaptive process, and 3. Re-contextualizing the story of resource management by implementing citizen's researches.
  • Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology:Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research(基盤研究(C))
    Date (from‐to) : 2004 -2005 
    Author : Tohru IKEDA
    北海道大学We conducted the attitude survey for the purpose of consensus building for the countermeasure against invasive alien raccoons in 4 areas in Hokkaido.As for the understanding for the invasive alien species issues in local residents, the uniform understanding goes around through press coverage, and it became clear that most local residents don't have consciousness for the ecological conservation.The consensus building based on ecological conservation is absolutely imperative for the long-term countermeasures against the invasive alien species, and it is necessary that all local residents unde...

Educational Activities

Teaching Experience

  • Inter-Graduate School Classes(Educational Program):RJE3
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 大学院共通科目
    キーワード : 環境評価、野生生物の保全と管理、文化的多様性、
  • Social Ecology (Seminar)
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 文学研究科
    キーワード : 保全生態学、野生動物、地域社会,人と動物のかかわり,生物多様性、持続可能な社会、狩猟、環境教育、ESD
  • Regional Study of Environment (Seminar)
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 文学研究科
    キーワード : 保全生態学,人と動物の関係学、野生動物、地域社会,生物多様性、持続可能な社会、狩猟、環境教育、ESD
  • Regional Sciences (Lecture)
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 文学研究科
    キーワード : 地域研究、地域科学、地域社会学,人文地理学、保全生態学、フィールドワーク
  • The World of Science and Technology
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 全学教育
    キーワード : 野生動物、地域社会,保全生態学、人と動物のかかわり,獣害,農林水産業,生物多様性、外来種、環境政策,市民調査、ボトムアップアプローチ
  • Seminar in Regional Science
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 文学部
    キーワード : 地域科学,人文地理学,地域社会学,社会生態学,フィールドワーク,プレゼンテーション
  • Methodology of Regional Science
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 文学部
    キーワード : 地域社会学,人文地理学、保全生態学
  • Practice in Fieldwork
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 文学部
    キーワード : フィールドワーク,人文地理学,地域社会学,社会生態学

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