Researcher Database

SASAKI Tooru
Graduate School of Humanities and Human Sciences Division of Humanities Department of Cultural Diversity Studies
Professor

Researcher Profile and Settings

Affiliation

  • Graduate School of Humanities and Human Sciences Division of Humanities Department of Cultural Diversity Studies

Job Title

    Professor

E-mail

  • sasaki@let.hokudai.ac.jp

URL

Research funding number

  • 80292308

Research Interests

  • Museum Studies   Cultural Anthropology   

Research Areas

  • Cultural assets study and museology / Cultural assets study and museology
  • Management / Management
  • Cultural anthropology / Cultural anthropology

Academic & Professional Experience

  • 2008    - Professor
  • 2000 - 2007     Associate Professor
  • 1997 - 2000     Associate Professor
  • 1990 - 1996     Other Staff
  • 1989 - 1990     Other Staff
  • 1987 - 1989     Researcher

Association Memberships

  • Japan Association for Cultural Economics   Japan Museum Management Academy   Japanese Society of Cultural Anthropology   

Research Activities

Published Papers

Conference Activities & Talks

  • Effectiveness of the Logic Model used as museum evaluation: Cases of ‘Mie Prefectural Museum’ and ‘Roppongi Art Night’  [Not invited]
    ○CHO Yen-Ling, SASAKI Toru
    2017 International Conference on Museum Evaluation  2017/10

Awards & Honors

  • 2005   Japan Museum Management Academy Award (2005)
       japan

Research Grants & Projects

  • Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology:Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research(基盤研究(C))
    Date (from‐to) : 2010 -2013 
    Author : Toru SASAKI
     
    北海道大学In the first two years, we conducted hearing surveys on how evaluations were introduced and operated at 18 public museums, including museums that had already adopted evaluations, and libraries.In the second two years, based on the survey results, two evaluation packages were examined by a team consisting of two curators of public museums, one municipal employee, and one private-sector consultant. (1) For the group of museums in Higashiomi City, Shiga Prefecture, we proposed the "evaluation package" to review the museum's raison d'etre in society and the necessity & validity of human resource development system and then we conducted an evaluation based on it. (2) At Mie Prefectural Museum, we proposed the "evaluation package" that combined performance measurement-type evaluations and participatory evaluations and ensured that it was in operation from the start of re-opening in April 2014.
  • Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology:Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research(基盤研究(B))
    Date (from‐to) : 2006 -2009 
    Author : Yasushi KOSUGI
     
    北海道大学A basic plan of "Jomon Ecomuseum in the northern cost of Funka bay" was made, and its core museum was established by maintaining each sites as a satellite based on the results by the excavation of Koboro Cave Site and Usu-6 Site.
  • Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology:Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research(特別研究促進費)
    Date (from‐to) : 2002 -2003 
    Author : Yasuji SAITO
     
    独立行政法人国立科学博物館Difficulties with discussing on museum management are mainly caused by the fact that activities and functions of museums are quite extensive. One suggestion from business administration was to use a concept of "governance". It turned out to be useful to discuss from these three points of vew : operation, management, and governance.Then, we dispatched the investigators to America, and conducted interviews with directors or deputy directors of more than 10 museums. As a result of gathering information as to governance, evaluation and relationship with boards and with communities, we found common characteristics in those museums in America : 1) they articulate their mission and make strategic plans clear, 2) they try to measure performances, or outcomes, throught visitor survey on regular basis, 3) they improve ways of operation and management by utilizing results of evaluation. In addition, the American association of museums and other organizations provide various programs supporting each museum's management.On the other hand, most museums in Japan don't have clear mission statements. As to performance measurement, only a few museums have just started to work. In order to enhance an effectiveness of museum management, it's essential to balance and make good collaboration among the three dimension : operation, management and governance. The first step for Japanese museums, is to promote studies on museum governance, and to create effective programs to encourage and support each museum's efforts.
  • Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology:Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research(基盤研究(C))
    Date (from‐to) : 2001 -2003 
    Author : Toru SASAKI
     
    北海道大学This research consists of (I) evaluation in the Aine exhibits of museums and (2) case studies on performance measurement at museums in Japan(1)Investigators evaluated the temporary exhibition on Ainu clothing at Historical Museum of Hokkaido (2003.1.11-2.16) and musical instruments of Ainu at Hokkaido Univ.Museum (2003.6.23-7.12). Front-End Evaluation and Summative Evaluation were made at the both museums.(2)Investigators collected the cases on performance measurement of Edo-Tokyo Museum, Shizuoka Prefectural Museum of Art, Sapporo Artpark Museum and so on. At Shizuoka Prefectural Museum of Art, head investigator with the museum staffs and Cultural Policy Office staff of Shizuoka Prefecture have measured the performance of museum in practice for 3 years. In addition, governance of the museum was considered.
  • Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology:Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research(基盤研究(C))
    Date (from‐to) : 1997 -2000 
    Author : Koji DERIHA
     
    北海道開拓記念館This research focused on the ways in which museums communicated ethnological information to the public. By doing so, it aimed to investigate the significance of the museums as an "ethnological communication tool" so as to explore better ways of defining their function in the society in the future. In particular, the research paid attention to the representation of "Ainu" culture.The research focused primarily on four issues--formation of Ainu collections by professional curators ; exhibition of Ainu culture and history done by professional curators ; educational programs that target elementary school students ; programs that promote exhibitions.The focus on collections was achieved by comparing and contrasting the museum's collection with that of others abroad. The issue of exhibition was investigated by exploring how the visitors to our museum understood the exhibits. As for the promotional programs, we analyzed posters that were used in the past and investigated the ethnological understandings and views that were reflected in their designs. We also reviewed how the Ainu culture was exhibited abroad and compared it with domestic exhibits. Finally, we made an educational program to teach elementary school children the significance of Ainu traps.Ethnological materials do not come into existence in vacuum. Rather curators play an active role in their collection and exhibition. In that sense, curators' views are meaningful and important. At the same time, we confirmed that the exhibits do not necessarily communicate the curator's messages to viewers. In addition, we found out that ethnological information communicated through other means such as posters also plays a significant role.We hope to continue our research further by incorporationg the methods of museum reviews in the future. By doing so, not only do we wish to evaluate exhibits in a more objective manner, but also we hope to find ways to change the contents of our exhibits in a more effective way.
  • Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology:Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research(基盤研究(C))
    Date (from‐to) : 1998 -1999 
    Author : スチュアート ヘンリ, Henry STEWART
     
    昭和女子大学This research focused mainly upon the following points :1.A historical review of images of the Ainu2.Presentation of the Ainu in museums3.Tourism and the Ainu4.Representation of the Ainu in school textbooks (1-12)(1) A review of images surrounding the Ainu, focusing particularly on the 1930 - 1960 period, when acculturation into mainstream society became most pronounced. It was found that the "Northern" discourse and eugenics had a profound effect on how the Ainu were "differentiated" from the mainstream society of Japan.(2) The representation of the Ainu is discussed from the point of view of Museum Ethnology. Emphasis in the research focused on how museum visitors reacted to Ainu displays. In particular, at the Historical Museum of Hokkaido, which visitors actually visited Ainu displays, what did visitors learn from the displays, and how successful were the displays to communicate the intentions of curators were problems addressed.(3) Travel magazines and brochures were researched in order to determine what role the Ainu play in Hokkaido tourism. Also, Ainu involved in the tourist trade at Akan (Hokkaido) were interviewed to get data concerning their involvement and interpretation.(4) Accounts of the Ainu from current social studies textbooks of grades 1-12 were put into a database. Analyses of this database are ongoing, but a preliminary review shows that accounts of current textbooks are more detailed than those of textbooks studied in 1994-95.However, in both cases, "traditional culture" is emphasized to the expense of discussion of the status-quo.
  • Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology:Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research(基盤研究(C))
    Date (from‐to) : 1997 -1999 
    Author : Nobuo IRUMADA
     
    東北大学People, goods and information have been exchanged among various regions in Northern Asia, including Siberia, Amurland, Primorje, Sakhalin, the Kuril Islands, and what is now known as Hokkaido and the Tohoku district of Japan since the Jomon era. Most historical materials remained untouched until the end of the Cold War. This collaboration intends to form a basis by which we can grasp the history of cultural exchange in Northern Asia in its totality. We attempt this by establishing the location of these materials, then classifying and analyzing the m. As a first step toward this, we investigated the literature housed in various archives in Tohoku district, beginning with the Tohoku University Library. We have already rediscovered such valuable historical materials as Sugiura Hyogonokami Kakitome (documents preserved by a magistrate of Hakodate with him memoranda), and Ezogashime Yawaki (an account of a journey to Ezogashima/Hokkaido, recounted to and written down by a priest of Matsushima Zuigangi Temple).
  • Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology:Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research(国際学術研究)
    Date (from‐to) : 1997 -1998 
    Author : Katsuyoshi YAMADA
     
    東北大学Our research was a comparative study on the trade centers of Northeast Asian countries. We made major cities and ports of the region including China, Mongolia, Korea, Russia and Japan the object of a general study on their trade relations that transmitted stuff, information and capital, and moved people. Trading activities cause many-sided problems in the political, cultural, social, religious and psychological life of the affected regions. As a result of a comprehensive and comparative study we could define some facts. For instance, cities and ports as trading centers have different historical backgrounds but they are generally located in the vicinity of political and military bases. We can summarize the gains of our joint study as follows.1 : The trading activities of Chinese merchants called Lu-meng-shang around the military bases and official transportation (relay) systems.2 : The relation of the minority Orochon peoples's fur trade and its market at Da-lian and Chang-chun, according to the research sources concentrated in such trade centers.3 : The role of Koryosalam (Koreans) habitants in Russia.4 : The relationship between the regional rule and the trading centers realized through the study on Tosaminato as a representative port of medieval Japan.5 : The Korean's understanding about the Japanese in the two countries' mutual trade centers.6 : The religious feature of trading activities between China proper and Taiwan.7 : Taiwan's role as a trading center before the Qing era, during the Western intrusion.8 : The development of Hongkong's indigenous trade center from pre-colonial era to modem times.9 : Guang-zhou's history, its religious changes and relations with Hongkong.As the result of this project, a comparative study of trading centers was successfully achieved. The study also contributed to the methodological development of joint studies organized by researchers of different fields. It is another gain that we realize the necessity of further successive research on these topics
  • Museum Evaluation
    Date (from‐to) : 2001

Educational Activities

Teaching Experience

  • 修士論文
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 文学研究科
  • Anthropology (Seminar)
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 文学研究科
    キーワード : 論文の講読と吟味、文化人類学、博物館学
  • 修士論文・特定課題指導特殊演習
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 文学研究科
  • Anthropology (Seminar)
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 文学研究科
    キーワード : 調査計画立案、論文作成
  • 博士論文指導特殊演習
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 博士後期課程
    開講学部 : 文学研究科
  • Northern Anthropology (Seminar)
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 文学研究科
    キーワード : 論文の講読と吟味、文化人類学、博物館学
  • 卒業論文
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 文学部
  • Northern Anthropology (Seminar)
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 文学研究科
    キーワード : 調査計画立案、論文作成
  • Northern Culture Studies (Lecture)
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 文学研究科
    キーワード : ミュージアム、マネージメント、美術館、歴史系博物館、科学館、動植物園、水族館
  • Inter-Graduate School Classes(Educational Program):Museology
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 大学院共通科目
    キーワード : 学術標本・資料、博物館、学芸員、アドバンストコース
  • Museum IIa
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 文学部
    キーワード : 博物館、ミュージアム、経営、評価、地域社会、制度・規範
  • Perceptions of Society
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 全学教育
    キーワード : レポート・論文作成法、文献調査
  • Introduction to Museum Studies
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 文学部
    キーワード : 博物館、ミュージアム、概論
  • Theory of Museum Management
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 文学部
    キーワード : 博物館、ミュージアム、経営、評価、地域社会、制度・規範
  • Anthropology in Northern Regions
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 文学部
    キーワード : 北方地域、文化人類学、先住民、博物館展示、博物館人類学、記憶と歴史
  • Anthropology in Northern Rerions(seminar)
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 文学部
    キーワード : 研究計画,調査計画、フィールドワーク、問題解決
  • Anthropology in Northern Rerions(seminar)
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 文学部
    キーワード : 文化人類学、北方民族文化、論文作成法
  • Introduction to Northern Cultures
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 文学部
    キーワード : 北方文化、北方地域、文化人類学、考古学、民族言語学、フィールドワーク
  • Museum I
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 文学部
    キーワード : 博物館、博物館資料
  • Theory of Museum Collection
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 文学部
    キーワード : 博物館、博物館資料


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