Researcher Database

Ryosuke Maeda
Graduate School of Law Law and Political Studies Political Studies
Associate Professor

Researcher Profile and Settings

Affiliation

  • Graduate School of Law Law and Political Studies Political Studies

Job Title

  • Associate Professor

Degree

  • Ph.D.(Letters)(University of Tokyo)

Research funding number

  • 00735748

J-Global ID

Profile

  • I study Japanese political and international history from the late 19th-century to the middle of the 20th-century. My research interests include nation / empire building, party politics of social and economic policy, and international / imperial finance in East Asia.

    My first monograph, The Beginnings of National Politics in Modern Japan: The Meiji State Reform under the Parliamentary System, 1890-1898 (Tokyo: University of Tokyo Press, 2016) (in Japanese) described the dynamic process of Japan’s nation-state building in the late 19th century, focusing on why and how Meiji authoritarian state could transform the feudal system of the Tokugawa period into the modern central-local relations and eventually made a soft landing under the parliamentary system. This book was awarded the 39th Suntory Prize for Social Sciences and Humanities in 2017.

    My second book project, "Finance, Empire and War: The International Monetary Politics in East Asia, 1933-1952", examines the possible diplomatic choices of prewar Japan faced with the global economic crisis. Actually, there were two contradicting paths for Japan in the 1930s; the strengthening of empire and international economic cooperation. To trace the historical roots of the Bretton Woods system in East Asia, I will shed new light on the efforts of international bankers from Japan, Britain, China, France and the United States to avoid the war and reconstruct the regional order after the Japanese aggression of Manchuria.

    I am also preparing for an introductory book on the Meiji Constitution from a perspective of transnational history.

Research Interests

  • 国際金融   政党組織   大蔵省   革命   帝国   政治意識   地方政治   暴力   国家形成   軍隊   主権   利益団体   

Research Areas

  • Humanities & social sciences / International relations
  • Humanities & social sciences / Politics
  • Humanities & social sciences / History - Japan

Academic & Professional Experience

  • 2014/04 - Today Hokkaido University Graduate School of Law
  • 2019/06 - 2021/05 The Maureen and Mike Mansfield Foundation and the Japan Foundation Center for Global Partnership U.S.-Japan Network for the Future Program Cohort 5
  • 2018/09 - 2019/08 Princeton University Department of East Asia Studies Visiting Fellow
  • 2017/09 - 2018/08 London School of Economics and Political Science Department of International History Visiting Fellow
  • 2016/04 - 2017/03 Hokkaido University Faculty of Public Policy
  • 2013/04 - 2014/03 Japan Society for the Promotion of Science Research Fellowship for Young Scientists(PD)
  • 2010/04 - 2013/03 Japan Society for the Promotion of Science Research Fellowship for Young Scientists(DC1)

Education

  • 2010/04 - 2013/04  University of Tokyo  Graduate School of Humanities and Sociology  Ph.D.(Letters [Japanese History])
  • 2008/04 - 2010/03  University of Tokyo  Graduate School of Humanities and Sociology  M.A.(Letters [Japanese History])
  • 2004/04 - 2008/03  University of Tokyo  Faculty of Letters  B.A.(Letters [Japanese History])

Association Memberships

  • The Historical Society of Japan   The Japan Association of International Relations   

Research Activities

Published Papers

  • 前田 亮介
    御厨貴編『オーラル・ヒストリーに何ができるか――作り方から使い方まで』(岩波書店) 277 - 307 2019/03 [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • 前田 亮介
    岡義武著『明治政治史(上)』(岩波文庫) 463 - 515 2019/02 [Not refereed][Invited]
  • 前田 亮介
    御厨貴編『天皇の近代――明治一五〇年・平成三〇年』(千倉書房) 81 - 140 2018/09 [Not refereed][Not invited]
     
    書評・紹介 『読売新聞』2018年12月3日朝刊(評者:小林佑基氏) 『朝日新聞』2018年12月22日朝刊(評者:齋藤純一氏) 『年報政治学』2019-I、2019年6月(評者:趙星銀氏)
  • Maeda Ryosuke
    東京大学日本史学研究室紀要 = Bulletin of the Department of Japanese History, Faculty of Letters, the University of Tokyo (18) 43 - 72 2014/03 [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • 前田 亮介
    東京大学(博士学位論文) 2013/01 [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • MAEDA Ryosuke
    Shigaku zasshi 公益財団法人史学会 121 (4) 1 - 38 0018-2478 2012/04 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    The present paper attempts to identify one aspect of government politics in Japan following the end of the 1st Sino-Japanese War through a discussion of the independence gained by governors of the Bank of Japan (BOJ) from the Ministry of Finance. At the time it was established in 1882 under the Finance Ministry of Matsukata Masayoshi 松方正義, the BOJ was strictly controlled by the Ministry until the appointment in 1889 of Kawada Koichiro 川田小一郎, who after the Sino-Japanese War rose to the position of main policy-maker for the Bank and engineered its independence from the Finance Ministry based on the concept of "trust". In this way, the power base of the BOJ governorship can be found not only in the Banks' relationship with the Finance Ministry, but also from its relationship to the postwar national economy that was experiencing a substantial expansion in investment demand. In actuality, the BOJ was able to tackle in earnest the issues involved in building a national monetary network through the process of returning the banks established under the 1872 National Banking Act to the private sector, which began in 1883. However, the BOJ's economic enhancement, which was enabled by its political prominence, could not ultimately respond to the demand for capital funds in Japan's remotest regions and thus drew a great deal of discontent within the banking industry. The expansion of the unique role of the BOJ as a central bank deeply involved in financial policy-making due to the great economic recovery following the War also prepared the mechanism by which great expectations boomeranged into bitter criticism of the very fundamentals upon which the BOJ stood. The political consequence of this mechanism was the issue of how the BOJ was to be taxed. From the end of 1897, when the first postwar depression began and the political importance of the Ministry of Finance increased in the midst of demands for fiscal austerity measures, it was the Kensei Party's Cabinet 隈板内閣 that had to face the issue of how to control the BOJ, which Finance Minister Inoue Kaoru 井上馨 had failed to solve under the third Ito Hirobumi Government. The Kensei Party's successful solution involved balancing demands for aggressive monetary policy with demands for the decentralization of the banking industry through a plan to establish banks large enough to compete with Japan's central bank. It was in this way that taxing the BOJ was legitimized and the central bank made a part of the fiscal issues of the day. Consequently, the power base of the BOJ governorship was dismantled from the economic side through an offensive waged by a political party intervening in fiscal policy-making through the legislative process, and so on the eve of the Russo-Japanese War, fiscal and monetary policy-making was once more consolidated under the control of the Ministry of Finance.
  • 日清戦争後の経済と政治――統合主体形成の政治力学
    前田 亮介
    東京大学(修士学位論文) 2009/12 [Not refereed][Not invited]
     
    井上馨のリーダーシップに注目し、大陸進出にむけた財界・実業家の組織化や政友会にいたる伊藤新党運動を考察したもの(未公刊)。
  • MAEDA Ryosuke
    Shigaku zasshi 公益財団法人史学会 118 (4) 77 - 102 0018-2478 2009/04 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    After the inauguration of the Imperial Diet in 1890, the Meiji State, the oligarchic Government called hanbatsu 藩閥, needed to reorganize itself in its relationship with the popular parties, which were seriously attacking the hanbatsu in order to retrench administrative expenditure. In this situation, the Hokkaido Reform was one of the most symbolic issues of the hanbatsu's self-reformation, because there had been the image of administrative waste in Hokkaido which was ruled by Kuroda Kiyotaka 黒田清隆, the leader of the Satsuma clan 薩派, who had long resisted the Diet System. In May 1891, the Matsukata Masayoshi 松方正義 Cabinet was set up and tried to overcome the problem of these maladies, which was a weakness of the hanbatsu Government. His "expansionist policies" 積極主義, including the Hokkaido Reform, were epochmaking in that the oligarchs could face the parties by using the excess revenue left over from the first Diet session for the manifestation more attractive than the parties', although that surely meant great damage for the Satsuma clan. The Hokkaido Reform by the Matsukata Cabinet progressed in two phases: staff reform and administration reform, both meant to protect Hokkaido from the parties' advance. First, at the initiative of the Minister of Interior Affairs Shinagawa Yajiro 品川弥二郎, large-scale personnel reduction, including the Director General of Hokkaido Government of the Satsuma clan, was carried out before the second session of the Diet. While Shinagawa and the new Director General Watanabe Chiaki 渡辺千秋 failed to reform Hokkaido sufficiently, the popular parties still attacked the Government through the Hokkaido problem. As the second reform, Shinagawa and Watanabe gradually planned to vest great authority in the Director General and the Hokkaido Government, compelling the cabinet to make the latter independent from the Department of the Interior before the third session of the Diet. In spite of the agreement of Ito Hirobumi 伊藤博文, however, the administration reform project unfortunately collapsed with the resignation of the Matsukata Cabinet, in July 1892, activating political conflict about the bargaining chip of Hokkaido. But, throughout this process, the Satsuma clan failed to mention their special interests in Hokkaido decisively. Instead, the popular parties, especially the Jiyuto 自由党, advanced on Hokkaido. This was in parallel with the Satsuma clan's fall in the Government and the parties' rise in the central political situation. In the face of Diet System, the oligarchs' monopoly of power in the Hokkaido was denied, and the fundamental political restructuring, namely the hanbatsu's self-reorganization, occurred.

Books etc

  • 岡 義武 (Contributor解説)
    岩波書店 2019/02 (ISBN: 4003812611) 515 463-515 
    書評・紹介 『読売新聞』2019年3月9日朝刊(評者:橋本五郎氏) 『東京人』2019年5月号(評者:苅部直氏) 『読売新聞』2019年12月22日朝刊(評者:橋本五郎氏)「2019年の3冊」 『みすず』2020年1・2月号(評者:酒井哲哉氏)「読書アンケート特集」
  • The Beginnings of National Politics in Modern Japan : The Meiji State Reform under the Parliamentary System, 1890-1898
    Ryosuke Maeda (Single work)
    University of Tokyo Press 2016/05 (ISBN: 4130262432) 320 
    書評 『レヴァイアサン』第60号、2017年4月(評者:川中豪氏) 『年報政治学』2017-I、2017年7月(評者:五百旗頭薫氏) 『歴史と経済』第236号、2017年7月(評者:石井寛治氏) 『道歴研年報』第18号、2017年9月(評者:木村聡氏・武藤三代平氏) 『歴史学研究』第962号、2017年10月(評者:塩出浩之氏) 『社会経済史学』第83巻第3号、2017年11月(評者:神山恒雄氏) 『日本歴史』第835号、2017年12月(評者:伏見岳人氏) 『史學雜誌』第128編第6号、2019年7月(評者:久野洋氏) 紹介 東京財団「政治外交検証研究会レポート ―政治外交史研究を読み解く― 第1回「日本政治外交史研究の動向」」2019年8月9日 https://www.tkfd.or.jp/research/detail.php?id=3194 受賞 第39回サントリー学芸賞(思想・歴史部門) 2017年12月 選評:宇野重規氏 https://www.suntory.co.jp/sfnd/prize_ssah/detail/201708.html
  • 吉野作造講義録研究会編, 五百旗頭薫, 作内由子, 伏見岳人責任編集, 吉野作造講義録研究会 (Joint editor)
    岩波書店 2016/01 (ISBN: 4000254685) 512 
    書評・紹介 『朝日新聞』2016年2月1日朝刊(評者:三谷太一郎氏) 『読売新聞』2016年3月12日朝刊(評者:橋本五郎氏) 『毎日新聞』2016年3月13日朝刊(評者:加藤陽子氏)

Conference Activities & Talks

  • 北海道はなぜ「社会党王国」となったのか? ――戦後初期の道連と農民同盟を中心に
    前田 亮介
    北大政治研究会 5月定例研究会(討論者:白鳥潤一郎氏)  2020/05
  • 前田 亮介
    2019年度東京大学ホームカミングデイ 法学部企画シンポジウム「近代政治史研究の原点――岡義武の明治・大正史をよむ」  2019/10
  • 前田 亮介
    2019年度近現代史サマーセミナー(彦根市民会館)  2019/09
  • MAEDA Ryosuke
    BAJS(British Association for Japanese Studies)2018 Annual Conference(The University of Sheffield)(Discussant:Kaoru Iokibe)  2018/09
  • (コメント) セッションⅡ「オーラル・ヒストリーの作り方・使い方:東アジア日本学研究者協議会から見て」について  [Invited]
    前田 亮介
    第2回オーラル・ヒストリーの集い(東京大学)  2017/04
  • (コメント) 報告「「経済大国」の苦悩:東京サミット(1979年)と日本外交」について  [Invited]
    前田 亮介
    戦後外交史研究会(二松学舎大学)  2017/03
  • 前田 亮介
    第3回慶應比較政治セミナー(慶應義塾大学)  2016/11
  • (リプライ) 前田亮介『全国政治の始動』書評会(評者:木村聡氏、武藤三代平氏)  [Not invited]
    前田 亮介
    北海道歴史研究者協議会例会(北海道大学)  2016/10
  • 近代軍建設過程における「西南」:内戦期(1868-77)の明治国家  [Not invited]
    前田 亮介
    内戦と政治的暴力研究会(北海道大学)  2016/07
  • 植民地銀行のインスティテューショナル・メモリー:朝鮮銀行の戦前と戦後  [Not invited]
    前田 亮介
    オーラル・ヒストリー作り方使い方研究会(東京大学)  2016/04
  • 国民国家形成期の地方官:明治リージョナリズムの一系譜  [Not invited]
    前田 亮介
    鹿児島研究会(東京大学)  2015/09
  • 全国政治の始動:帝国議会開設と藩閥支配の変容、1890-1899  [Not invited]
    前田 亮介
    北大法学会/北大政治研究会(北海道大学)  2014/12
  • 全国政治の始動:帝国議会開設と藩閥支配の変容、1890-1899  [Not invited]
    前田 亮介
    北大史学会例会(北海道大学)  2014/12
  • 白根専一と自−国連合の形成  [Not invited]
    前田 亮介
    第60回内務省研究会(専修大学)  2013/03
  • 前田 亮介
    第一◯九回史学会大会日本史部会(近現代、東京大学)  2011/11
  • 中央銀行総裁の政治権力  [Not invited]
    前田 亮介
    第52回内務省研究会(慶應義塾大学)(討論者:小林道彦氏)  2011/02
  • 前田 亮介
    戦前戦後・比較政治史研究フォーラム(東京大学)(討論者:池本大輔氏、苅部直氏)  2010/06

MISC

Awards & Honors

  • 2017/12 39th Suntory Prize for Social Sciences and Humanities
     
    The Beginnings of National Politics in Modern Japan : The Meiji State Reform under the Parliamentary System, 1890-1898(University of Tokyo Press, 2016)

Research Grants & Projects

  • 人質による合意保証メカニズムの研究
    日本学術振興会:科学研究費助成事業 挑戦的研究(萌芽)
    Date (from‐to) : 2020/07 -2023/03 
    Author : 小浜 祥子, 西 平等, 前田 亮介, 三船 恒裕
  • 植民地/占領地銀行の政治外交史研究――マルチアーカイブによる帝国拡大過程の再検討
    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science:Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Early-Career Scientists
    Date (from‐to) : 2020/04 -2023/03 
    Author : 前田 亮介
  • 近代日本の政党政治と大蔵省―戦間期を中心に―
    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science:Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Young Scientists (B)
    Date (from‐to) : 2016/04 -2020/03 
    Author : 前田 亮介
  • Finance, Empire, and War: The International Monetary Politics between Japan, Britain, and the United States. 1929-1952
    北海道大学:総長奨励による若手教員海外派遣支援事業
    Date (from‐to) : 2018/09 -2019/08 
    Author : 前田 亮介
  • 公益財団法人 野村財団:国際交流助成(研究者の海外派遣)
    Date (from‐to) : 2017/09 -2019/08 
    Author : 前田 亮介
  • 金融・帝国・戦争——世界恐慌後の国際経済秩序をめぐる日英米関係、1929-1952——
    公益財団法人 杉野目記念会:海外研修助成
    Date (from‐to) : 2017/09 -2018/08 
    Author : 前田 亮介
  • 一般財団法人 北海道開発協会 開発調査総合研究所:研究助成
    Date (from‐to) : 2017/04 -2018/03 
    Author : 前田 亮介
  • 公益財団法人 村田学術振興財団:研究者海外派遣援助
    Date (from‐to) : 2017/09 -2017/11 
    Author : 前田 亮介
  • 東京大学:学術成果刊行助成
    Date (from‐to) : 2015/09 
    Author : 前田 亮介
  • 明治末~大正期における金融と政党
    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science:Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for JSPS Fellows
    Date (from‐to) : 2013 -2013 
    Author : 前田 亮介
  • 近代日本における統治政党の形成―日清戦後の経済政策の展開を中心に―
    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science:Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for JSPS Fellows
    Date (from‐to) : 2010 -2012 
    Author : 前田 亮介

Educational Activities

Teaching Experience

  • 政治学入門Ⅱ
    開講年度 : 2018
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 法学部
  • 政治学入門演習
    開講年度 : 2018
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 法学部

Social Contribution

Social Contribution

Social Contribution

Media Coverage



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