Researcher Database

JUN SAKAKIBARA
Hokkaido University Hospital Internal Medicine
Lecturer

Researcher Profile and Settings

Alias Name

    KONISHI JUN

Affiliation

  • Hokkaido University Hospital Internal Medicine

Job Title

  • Lecturer

J-Global ID

Research Areas

  • Life sciences / Respiratory medicine

Academic & Professional Experience

  • 2010 - 2012 Hokkaido University

Research Activities

Published Papers

  • Tetsuya Inoue, Norio Katoh, Yoichi M Ito, Tomoki Kimura, Yasushi Nagata, Kengo Kuriyama, Hiroshi Onishi, Tadamasa Yoshitake, Yoshiyuki Shioyama, Yusuke Iizuka, Koji Inaba, Koji Konishi, Masaki Kokubo, Katsuyuki Karasawa, Takuyo Kozuka, Kensuke Tanaka, Jun Sakakibara-Konishi, Ichiro Kinoshita, Hiroki Shirato
    Lung Cancer 122 107 - 112 1872-8332 2018/08/01 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    Objectives: Even with advanced image guidance, biopsies occasionally fail to diagnose small lung lesions, which are highly suggestive of primary lung cancer by radiological examination. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) to treat small lung lesions clinically diagnosed as primary lung cancer. Materials and methods: This is a prospective, multi-institutional observation study. Strict inclusion and exclusion criteria were determined in a nation-wide consensus meeting and used to include patients who were clinically diagnosed with primary lung cancer using precise imaging modalities, for whom further surgical intervention was not feasible, who refused watchful waiting, and who were highly tolerable of SBRT with informed consent. SBRT was performed with 48 Gy in 4 fractions at the tumor isocenter. Results: From August 2009 to August 2014, 62 patients from 11 institutions were enrolled. Their median age was 80 years. The tumors ranged in size from 9 to 30 mm in diameter (median, 18 mm). The median follow-up interval was 55 months. The 3-year overall survival rate was 83.3% (95% confidence interval (CI) 71.1–90.7%) for all the patients and 94.7% (95% CI 68.1–99.2%) for the patients younger than 75 years. Local failure, regional lymph node metastases and distant metastases occurred in 4 (6.4%), 3 (4.8%) and 11 (17.7%) patients, respectively. Grades 3 and 4 toxicities were observed in 8 (12.9%) patients and 1 (1.6%) patient, respectively. No grade 5 toxicities were observed. Conclusions: SBRT is safe and effective for patients with small lung lesions clinically diagnosed as primary lung cancer that satisfied the proposed strict indication criteria as previously reported. A prospective interventional study is required to ascertain if SBRT is an alternative strategy for these patients.
  • Yuta Takashima, Jun Sakakibara-Konishi, Yutaka Hatanaka, Kanako C Hatanaka, Yoshihito Ohhara, Satoshi Oizumi, Yasuhiro Hida, Kichizo Kaga, Ichiro Kinoshita, Hirotoshi Dosaka-Akita, Yoshihiro Matsuno, Masaharu Nishimura
    Clinical lung cancer 19 (4) 352 - 359 1525-7304 2018/07 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    BACKGROUND: Approximately 20% to 30% of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-activating mutations are not responsive to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). Although primary resistance to EGFR-TKIs has been attributed to various genetic alterations, little is known about the clinical and immunopathologic features of patients with primary resistance. The tumor immune microenvironment, including tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1), has been reported to play an important role in tumor progression in those with NSCLC. However, few studies have directly focused on the relationship between the tumor immune microenvironment and primary resistance to EGFR-TKIs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The characteristics of 124 NSCLC patients with EGFR mutations who had received EGFR-TKIs were analyzed. Primary resistance was defined as disease progression within 3 months after EGFR-TKI treatment. Tumor specimens obtained before EGFR-TKI treatment were assessed for the density of TILs expressing CD4 or CD8 and for the expression rate of PD-L1 on tumor cells and tumor-infiltrating immune cells, immunohistochemically. RESULTS: Primary resistance was observed in 13.7% of the patients (17 of 124). A significant difference in smoking history was observed between patients with primary resistance and those with non-primary resistance. A lower density of total TILs and negative PD-L1 expression on immunohistochemical analysis correlated significantly with primary resistance, in contrast to that with non-primary resistance. Moreover, the negative PD-L1 expression with low TIL density, indicating immune ignorant phenotype of tumor microenvironment, was observed in those with primary resistance with a significant difference. CONCLUSION: Smoking and immune ignorance in the tumor microenvironment might result in primary resistance to EGFR-TKIs.
  • Hajime Kikuchi, Jun Sakakibara-Konishi, Megumi Furuta, Eiki Kikuchi, Junko Kikuchi, Satoshi Oizumi, Yasuhiro Hida, Kichizo Kaga, Ichiro Kinoshita, Hirotoshi Dosaka-Akita, Masaharu Nishimura
    Oncotarget 9 (50) 29379 - 29391 2018/06/29 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    Some reports suggest that Numb is a potential tumor suppressor. However, its role in non-small cell lung cancer remains unclear. Non-small cell lung cancer comprises two major histological subtypes, adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. To investigate the role of Numb in tumorigenesis of lung adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, we firstly performed loss-of-function and gain-of-function assays. Moreover, Numb expression was investigated in surgically resected lung adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma tissues by immunohistochemistry and correlations with prognosis were analyzed. Numb suppressed the proliferation, migration, and invasion of adenocarcinoma cells and inhibited Notch signaling and epithelial-mesenchymal transition in vitro. Numb overexpression also inhibited subcutaneous adenocarcinoma tumor growth. In contrast, Numb promoted the proliferation, migration, and invasion of squamous cell carcinoma cells, but did not induce any consistent changes in Notch signaling. High Numb expression was associated with favorable prognosis in patients with lung adenocarcinoma, but not in those with squamous cell carcinoma. Collectively, our data demonstrate that Numb plays distinct roles in lung adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. In lung adenocarcinoma, Numb impairs tumor growth and inhibits the Notch pathway and epithelial-mesenchymal transition, whereas in lung squamous cell carcinoma it may promote proliferation.
  • Tetsuaki Shoji, Hidenori Mizugaki, Yasuyuki Ikezawa, Megumi Furuta, Yuta Takashima, Hajime Kikuchi, Houman Goudarzi, Hajime Asahina, Junko Kikuchi, Eiki Kikuchi, Jun Sakakibara-Konishi, Naofumi Shinagawa, Ichizo Tsujino, Masaharu Nishimura
    Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan) 57 (12) 1769 - 1772 0918-2918 2018/06/15 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    This report describes the case of a 66-year-old man with non-small cell lung cancer and venous thromboembolism (VTE). Unfractionated heparin (UFH) was initially used to control VTE before chemotherapy. However, switching UFH to warfarin or edoxaban, a novel oral anticoagulant (NOAC), failed. Chemotherapy was then administered to control the tumor which was thought to have been the main cause of VTE, which had been treated by UFH. After tumor shrinkage was achieved by chemotherapy, we were able to successfully switch from UFH to edoxaban. Controlling the tumor size and activity enabled the use of edoxaban as maintenance therapy for VTE.
  • Yasuyuki Ikezawa, Hajime Asahina, Satoshi Oizumi, Masahiro Watanabe, Kei Takamura, Yasutaka Kawai, Noriyuki Yamada, Toshiyuki Harada, Ichiro Kinoshita, Yuka Fujita, Eisaku Miyauchi, Takahiro Ogi, Toraji Amano, Megumi Furuta, Jun Sakakibara-Konishi, Hiroshi Nishihara, Hirotoshi Dosaka-Akita, Hiroshi Isobe, Masaharu Nishimura
    CANCER CHEMOTHERAPY AND PHARMACOLOGY 80 (5) 955 - 963 0344-5704 2017/11 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    A high proportion of patients with wild-type EGFR non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) receive third-line therapy and beyond, with no prospective randomized trials addressing the issue. This study aimed to select the most suitable regimen as a third- or fourth-line therapy for wild-type EGFR NSCLC. This multicenter, randomized phase II study in Japan included patients with recurrent or advanced NSCLC with wild-type or unknown EGFR, who progressed after two or three previous chemotherapies. The patients were randomly assigned to erlotinib (150 mg/day, days 1-21) or S-1 (80-120 mg/day, days 1-14) every 3 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The primary endpoint was disease control rate (DCR). The secondary endpoints included overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), objective response rate (ORR), toxicity, and quality of life (QOL). From 2011 to 2016, 37 patients were randomly assigned to receive erlotinib (E arm, n = 19) and S-1 (S arm, n = 18). This study was terminated prematurely because of poor patient accrual. DCR/ORR were 42.1%/15.8% in the E arm and 66.7%/16.7% in the S arm. Median PFS/OS were 1.6 months/8.0 months in the E arm and 3.3 months/12.2 months in the S arm. In both groups, the most commonly reported grade 3-4 toxicities were fatigue, anorexia, and nausea. One grade 5 pneumonitis occurred in the S arm. No significant difference was seen in QOL. S-1 as a third- or fourth-line therapy for wild-type EGFR NSCLC showed numerically better clinical outcomes than erlotinib. UMIN000005308.
  • Naoto Morikawa, Akira Inoue, Shunichi Sugawara, Makoto Maemondo, Toshiyuki Harada, Masao Harada, Yuka Fujita, Terufumi Katoh, Hiroshi Yokouchi, Hiroshi Watanabe, Kazuhiro Usui, Toshiro Suzuki, Jun Sakakibara-Konishi, Hiroki Nagai, Mariko Kanbe, Toshihiro Nukiwa
    LUNG CANCER 111 38 - 42 0169-5002 2017/09 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    Objective: Carboplatin-based regimens are the standard regimens for patients with extensive-stage small-cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC). However, the efficacies of these regimens are unsatisfactory. We previously identified carboplatin plus irinotecan (CI) and carboplatin plus amrubicin (CA) as promising new carboplatin-based regimens. Accordingly, we conducted a randomized phase II study to identify the appropriate regimen for future phase III trials. Materials and methods: Chemotherapy-naive patients with ES-SCLC were randomly assigned to receive 4-6 cycles of carboplatin [area under the curve (AUC) 5.0, day 1] plus irinotecan (70 mg/m(2), days 1 and 8) every 3 weeks (CI arm) or carboplatin (AUC 4.0, day 1) plus amrubicin (35 mg/m(2), days 1-3) every 3 weeks (CA arm). The primary endpoint was the overall response rate (ORR). The secondary endpoints were the progression-free survival, (PFS), overall survival (OS) and toxicity. Results: Between December 2009 and March 2013, 71 patients were enrolled. One patient in each arm did not receive any protocol treatment due to rapid disease progression. The characteristics of the treated patients were as follows: median age, 70 years (range 51-84 years); proportion of males, 84%. The ORRs were 79% and 89% in the CI and CA arms, respectively. The median PFS values were 5.1 and 6.2 months in the CI and CA arms, respectively [CA; hazard ratio (HR) = 0.59, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.35-0.98, P = 0.042]. The grade 3 or higher toxicity severities were neutropenia (CI, 53% and CA, 89%), anemia (CI, 26% and CA, 20%), thrombocytopenia (CI, 18% and CA, 14%), and febrile neutropenia (CI, 12% and CA, 29%). No treatment-related deaths were observed. Conclusion: CA was numerically more effective than CI, with acceptable toxicity, in chemo-naive ES-SCLC patients. CA could be selected for future phase III trials.
  • Yuka Suimon, Wataru Saito, Kiriko Hirooka, Atsuhiro Kanda, Hidenori Kitai, Jun Sakakibara-Konishi, Susumu Ishida
    American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports 5 137 - 140 2451-9936 2017/04/01 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    Purpose To report an anti-recoverin antibody-positive cancer-associated retinopathy (anti-recoverin CAR) patient with remarkable improvements of visual function and outer retinal morphology following spontaneous regression of cancer. Observations A 65-year-old woman with small cell lung carcinoma developed progressive, bilateral vision loss with diffuse loss of the ellipsoid zone at the macula on optical coherence tomography and marked reduced responses of a- and b-waves on electroretinography. Western blot analysis led to a diagnosis of anti-recoverin CAR. The visual function and outer retinal morphology gradually improved following spontaneous regression of the cancer and the initiation of systemic corticosteroid. Subsequent intermittent chemotherapy and continuation of corticosteroid maintained reduction of the cancer and prevented the recurrence of CAR, with preservation of improvements of the visual function and macular outer retinal morphology. Conclusions and importance These results suggest that requirement for obtaining good visual prognosis in CAR patients is to make the cancer regress prior to falling into photoreceptor apotosis.
  • Jun Sakakibara-Konishi, Yasuyuki Ikezawa, Satoshi Oizumi, Junko Kikuchi, Eiki Kikuchi, Hidenori Mizugaki, Ichiro Kinoshita, Hirotoshi Dosaka-Akita, Masaharu Nishimura
    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY 22 (2) 257 - 268 1341-9625 2017/04 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    Inhibition of Notch by gamma-secretase inhibitor (GSI) has been shown to have an antitumor effect in Notch-expressing non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and to induce apoptosis through modulation of Bcl-2 family proteins. In particular, Bim, a BH3-only member of the Bcl-2 family of proteins, has an important role in the induction of apoptosis in NSCLC when cells are treated with GSI. ABT-737, a BH3-only mimetic, targets the pro-survival Bcl-2 family and also induces apoptosis. The Notch-expressing NSCLC cell lines H460, A549, H1793, and HCC2429 were used. The combined antitumor effect of GSI and ABT-737 was evaluated using the MTT proliferation assay in vitro and in xenograft mouse models. The expression of the Notch pathway and Bcl-2 family was analyzed using Western blotting analysis when cells were treated with a single drug treatment or a combination treatment. GSI XX or ABT-737 alone inhibited cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner, and combination drug treatment showed a synergistic antitumor effect in vitro. In vivo, this drug combination significantly suppressed tumor proliferation compared to the single drug treatment. Phospho-Bcl-2 was downregulated and Bax was upregulated by both the single and combination drug treatments. Bim was induced by a single drug treatment and was enhanced by combination treatment. Combination treatment-induced apoptosis was decreased by Bim inhibition, suggesting that the antitumor effect of the drug combination was dependent on Bim. Based on our data, we propose that the combination treatment is a promising strategy for NSCLC therapy.
  • Yasuyuki Ikezawa, Jun Sakakibara-Konishi, Hidenori Mizugaki, Satoshi Oizumi, Masaharu Nishimura
    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY 22 (1) 59 - 69 1341-9625 2017/02 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    Background The Notch receptor plays an important role in various cell fate decisions during development and in cancer. We have previously reported that Notch3 is upregulated by radiation in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines and that the Notch pathway inhibitor gamma secretase inhibitor GSI (gamma-secretase inhibitor), when combined with radiation therapy, significantly suppressed the growth of lung cancer cells. However, little is known about the mechanism of Notch upregulation induced by radiation. Based on reports of Notch expression being activated through the hypoxia inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) under hypoxic conditions, we hypothesized that HIF-1 would be involved in radiation-induced Notch activation in NSCLC. Methods Changes in HIF-1 and Notch expression in two Notch expressing NSCLC cells line after radiation treatment were examined using Western blotting. Notch expression was evaluated after the suppression of HIF-1a by small interfering RNA. The cytotoxic effect of YC-1, a HIF inhibitor, GSI and radiation was examined using the MTT assay in vitro and the xenograft model. Result We found radiation-induced expression of HIF-1a protein at 2-6 h after treatment and upregulated expression of Notch3 protein at 24 h after treatment under hypoxic conditions. Specific suppression of HIF-1 alpha expression downregulated the radiation-induced Notch3 activation, suggesting that the Notch pathway is activated though HIF-1a after radiation. An antitumor effect of YC-1 was evident under hypoxic conditions only when there was simultaneous radiation treatment. GSI and YC-1 had a synergistic antitumor effect in vitro, and the combination of GSI and YC-1 showed the greatest radiosensitivity in vivo. Conclusion Radiation-induced upregulation of the Notch pathway and HIF-1a protein may be potential therapeutic targets for more effective radiation therapy.
  • Hajime Kikuchi, Jun Sakakibara-Konishi, Megumi Furuta, Hiroshi Yokouchi, Hiroshi Nishihara, Shigeo Yamazaki, Hidetaka Uramoto, Fumihiro Tanaka, Masao Harada, Kenji Akie, Fumiko Sugaya, Yuka Fujita, Kei Takamura, Tetsuya Kojima, Toshiyuki Harada, Mitsunori Higuchi, Osamu Honjo, Yoshinori Minami, Naomi Watanabe, Satoshi Oizumi, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Takashi Ishida, Hirotoshi Dosaka-Akita, Hiroshi Isobe, Mitsuru Munakata, Masaharu Nishimura
    ONCOTARGET 8 (6) 10348 - 10358 1949-2553 2017/02 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    Notch signaling in tumorigenesis functions as an oncogene or tumor suppressor according to the type of malignancy. Numb represses intracellular Notch signaling. Previous studies have demonstrated that Notch signaling suppresses the proliferation of small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cell lines. However, in SCLC, the association between Notch1 and Numb expression and clinicopathological factors or prognosis has remained unclear. In this study, we evaluated the expression of Notch1 and Numb in SCLC. We immunohistochemically assessed 125 SCLCs that were surgically resected at 16 institutions participating in either the Hokkaido Lung Cancer Clinical Study Group Trial (HOT) or the Fukushima Investigative Group for Healing Thoracic Malignancy (FIGHT) between 2003 and 2013. Correlations between Notch1 or Numb expression and various clinicopathological features were evaluated. Notch1 expression was associated with ECOG performance status. Numb expression was associated with age, sex, and pathological histology (SCLC or Combined SCLC). Analysis of cellular biological expression did not demonstrate a significant correlation between the expression of Notch1 and of Numb. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that high Notch1 expression was an independent favorable prognostic factor for SCLC(hazard ratio = 0.503, P = 0.023). High Notch1 expression, but not Numb expression, is associated with favorable prognosis in SCLC.
  • Taichi Takashina, Ichiro Kinoshita, Junko Kikuchi, Yasushi Shimizu, Jun Sakakibara-Konishi, Satoshi Oizumi, Masaharu Nishimura, Hirotoshi Dosaka-Akita
    CANCER SCIENCE 107 (7) 955 - 962 1347-9032 2016/07 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    Recent discoveries have revealed that human cancer involves aberrant epigenetic alterations. We and others have previously shown that the histone methyltransferase EZH2, the catalytic subunit of polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2), is frequently overexpressed in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and that an EZH2 inhibitor, 3-deazaneplanocin A, inhibits the proliferation of NSCLC cells. Transcriptional silencing by EZH2 was recently shown to be required for the activity of histone deacetylases (HDACs) that interact with another PRC2 protein, EED. To develop a more effective epigenetic therapy for NSCLC, we determined the effects of co-treatment with 3-deazaneplanocin A and the HDAC inhibitor vorinostat (SAHA) in NSCLC cells. The co-treatment synergistically suppressed the proliferation of all tested NSCLC cell lines, regardless of their epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) status. The synergistic effect was associated with slightly decreased histone H3 lysine 27 trimethylation, modestly increased histone acetylation, and the depletion of EZH2 and other PRC2 proteins. The co-treatment resulted in an accumulation of p27Kip1, decrease in cyclin A, and increased apoptotic fraction in an additive/synergistic manner. Interestingly, the co-treatment strongly suppressed EGFR signaling, not only in EGFR-wild-type NSCLC cells, but also in EGFR-mutant cells, mainly through dephosphorylation of EGFR. Furthermore, the co-treatment suppressed the in vivo tumor growth of EGFR-mutant, EGFR-tyrosine kinase-resistant H1975 cells more effectively than did each agent alone, without visible toxicity. These results suggest that the combined pharmacological targeting of EZH2 and HDACs may provide more effective epigenetic therapeutics for NSCLC.
  • Tomoaki Naka, Yutaka Hatanaka, Katsuji Marukawa, Hiromi Okada, Kanako C. Hatanaka, Jun Sakakibara-Konishi, Satoshi Oizumi, Yasuhiro Hida, Kichizo Kaga, Tomoko Mitsuhashi, Yoshihiro Matsuno
    DIAGNOSTIC PATHOLOGY 11 38  1746-1596 2016/04 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    Background: Although asbestos acts as a potent carcinogen in pleural mesothelial and pulmonary epithelial cells, it still remains unclear whether asbestos causes specific and characteristic gene alterations in these different kinds of target cells, because direct comparison in an identical patient is not feasible. We experienced a rare synchronous collision tumor composed of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) and primary pulmonary adenocarcinoma (PAC) in a 77-year-old man with a history of long-term smoking and asbestos exposure, and compared the DNA copy number alteration (CNA) and somatic mutation in these two independent tumors. Methods: Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues of MPM and PAC lesions from the surgically resected specimen were used. Each of these MPM and PAC lesions exhibited a typical histology and immunophenotype. CNA analysis using SNP array was performed using the Illumina Human Omni Express-12_FFPE (Illumina, San Diego, CA, USA) with DNA extracts from each lesion. Somatic mutation analysis using next-generation sequencing was performed using the TruSeq Amplicon Cancer Panel (Illumina). Results: The CNA analysis demonstrated a marked difference in the frequency of gain and loss between MPM and PAC. In PAC, copy number (CN) gain was detected more frequently and widely than CN loss, whereas in MPM there was no such obvious difference. PAC did not harbor CNAs that have been identified in asbestos-associated lung cancer, but did harbor some of the CNAs associated with smoking. MPM exhibited CN loss at 9p21.2-3, which is the most common genetic alteration in mesothelioma. Conclusion: In this particular case, asbestos exposure may not have played a primary role in PAC carcinogenesis, but cigarette smoking may have contributed more to the occurrence of CN gains in PAC. This comparative genetic analysis of two different lesions with same amount of asbestos exposure and cigarette smoke exposure has provided information on differences in the cancer genome related to carcinogenesis.
  • Tomoaki Naka, Yutaka Hatanaka, Katsuji Marukawa, Hiromi Okada, Kanako C. Hatanaka, Jun Sakakibara-Konishi, Satoshi Oizumi, Yasuhiro Hida, Kichizo Kaga, Tomoko Mitsuhashi, Yoshihiro Matsuno
    DIAGNOSTIC PATHOLOGY 11 38  1746-1596 2016/04 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    Background: Although asbestos acts as a potent carcinogen in pleural mesothelial and pulmonary epithelial cells, it still remains unclear whether asbestos causes specific and characteristic gene alterations in these different kinds of target cells, because direct comparison in an identical patient is not feasible. We experienced a rare synchronous collision tumor composed of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) and primary pulmonary adenocarcinoma (PAC) in a 77-year-old man with a history of long-term smoking and asbestos exposure, and compared the DNA copy number alteration (CNA) and somatic mutation in these two independent tumors. Methods: Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues of MPM and PAC lesions from the surgically resected specimen were used. Each of these MPM and PAC lesions exhibited a typical histology and immunophenotype. CNA analysis using SNP array was performed using the Illumina Human Omni Express-12_FFPE (Illumina, San Diego, CA, USA) with DNA extracts from each lesion. Somatic mutation analysis using next-generation sequencing was performed using the TruSeq Amplicon Cancer Panel (Illumina). Results: The CNA analysis demonstrated a marked difference in the frequency of gain and loss between MPM and PAC. In PAC, copy number (CN) gain was detected more frequently and widely than CN loss, whereas in MPM there was no such obvious difference. PAC did not harbor CNAs that have been identified in asbestos-associated lung cancer, but did harbor some of the CNAs associated with smoking. MPM exhibited CN loss at 9p21.2-3, which is the most common genetic alteration in mesothelioma. Conclusion: In this particular case, asbestos exposure may not have played a primary role in PAC carcinogenesis, but cigarette smoking may have contributed more to the occurrence of CN gains in PAC. This comparative genetic analysis of two different lesions with same amount of asbestos exposure and cigarette smoke exposure has provided information on differences in the cancer genome related to carcinogenesis.
  • Hidenori Kitai, Jun Sakakibara-Konishi, Satoshi Oizumi, Yoshihiko Hirohashi, Wataru Saito, Atsuhiro Kanda, Noriyuki Sato, Masaharu Nishimura
    LUNG CANCER 87 (1) 73 - 76 0169-5002 2015/01 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    Spontaneous regression (SR) is defined as the complete or partial disappearance of disease without anticancer treatments. We report a case of SR of small cell lung cancer (SCLC) combined with cancer associated retinopathy (CAR). A 65-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital to examine abnormal shadows of the lung with visual loss. She was diagnosed with SCLC associated with CAR. Subsequent chest X-ray and CT scan showed partial regression of both primary tumor and lymph node metastasis without anticancer treatment. Recoverin antigen was present on the tumor cells and anti-recoverin antibody was observed in the patient's serum. Activation of recoverin-specific antitumor cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) was observed in this patient. SCLC was considered to reduce spontaneously by the activation of recoverin-specific antitumor CTL. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of SR in SCLC combined with CAR. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Hidenori Mizugaki, Jun Sakakibara-Konishi, Junko Kikuchi, Jun Moriya, Kanako C. Hatanaka, Eiki Kikuchi, Ichiro Kinoshita, Satoshi Oizumi, Hirotoshi Dosaka-Akita, Yoshihiro Matsuno, Masaharu Nishimura
    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY 19 (2) 254 - 259 1341-9625 2014/04 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    CD133 is a membrane glycoprotein containing five transmembrane loops. Previous reports suggest that a CD133-positive subpopulation of multipotent cells with extensive proliferative and self-renewal characteristics has biological features of a cancer stem cell. In addition, the presence of CD133-positive cells was associated with a significantly poorer prognosis for some solid tumors, compared to those with CD133-negative cells. However, the clinicopathological significance of CD133 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains controversial. We conducted immunohistochemical assessment of 161 NSCLCs surgically resected at Hokkaido University Hospital between 1982 and 1994 to evaluate correlations between CD133 expression and various clinicopathological features. CD133 expression was significantly correlated with pathological stages (pStages) II, III, and IV for the various NSCLC types analyzed and was an independent factor for unfavorable prognosis in this population (hazard ratio = 3.157, P = 0.015). CD133 expression was correlated with pStage and was predictive of unfavorable prognosis in patients with pStages II, III, and IV NSCLC. These results suggest the possibility of using CD133 as a novel prognostic marker in these patients.
  • Tetsuya Inoue, Norio Katoh, Rikiya Onimaru, Shinichi Shimizu, Kazuhiko Tsuchiya, Ryusuke Suzuki, Jun Sakakibara-Konishi, Naofumi Shinagawa, Satoshi Oizumi, Hiroki Shirato
    Radiation Oncology 8 (1) 69  2013/03/21 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    Background: To clarify the clinical outcomes of two dose schedule of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) using a real-time tumor-tracking radiation therapy (RTRT) system in single institution.Methods: Using a superposition algorithm, we administered 48 Gy in 4 fractions at the isocenter in 2005-2006 and 40 Gy in 4 fractions to the 95% volume of PTV in 2007-2010 with a treatment period of 4 to 7 days. Target volume margins were fixed irrespective of the tumor amplitude.Results: In total, 109 patients (79 T1N0M0 and 30 T2N0M0). With a median follow-up period of 25 months (range, 4 to 72 months), the 5-year local control rate (LC) was 78% and the 5-year overall survival rate (OS) was 64%. Grade 2, 3, 4, and 5 radiation pneumonitis (RP) was experienced by 15 (13.8%), 3 (2.8%), 0, and 0 patients, respectively. The mean lung dose (MLD) and the volume of lung receiving 20 Gy (V20) were significantly higher in patients with RP Grade 2/3 than in those with RP Grade 0/1 (MLD p = 0.002, V20 p = 0.003). There was no correlation between larger maximum amplitude of marker movement and larger PTV (r = 0.137), MLD (r = 0.046), or V20 (r = 0.158).Conclusions: SBRT using the RTRT system achieved LC and OS comparable to other SBRT studies with very low incidence of RP, which was consistent with the small MLD and V20 irrespective of tumor amplitude. For stage I NSCLC, SBRT using RTRT was suggested to be reliable and effective, especially for patients with large amplitude of tumor movement. © 2013 Inoue et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
  • Junko Kikuchi, Taichi Takashina, Ichiro Kinoshita, Eiki Kikuchi, Yasushi Shimizu, Jun Sakakibara-Konishi, Satoshi Oizumi, Victor E. Marquez, Masaharu Nishimura, Hirotoshi Dosaka-Akita
    LUNG CANCER 78 (2) 138 - 143 0169-5002 2012/11 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    EZH2 (enhancer of zeste homolog 2) is the catalytic subunit of PRC2 (polycomb repressive complex 2), which mediates histone methyltransferase activity and functions as transcriptional repressor involved in gene silencing. EZH2 is involved in malignant transformation and biological aggressiveness of several human malignancies. We previously demonstrated that non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs) also overexpress EZH2 and that high expression of EZH2 correlates with poor prognosis. Growing evidence indicates that EZH2 may be an appropriate therapeutic target in malignancies, including NSCLCs. Recently, an S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine hydrolase inhibitor, 3-Deazaneplanocin A (DZNep), has been shown to deplete and inhibit EZH2. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of DZNep in NSCLC cells. Knockdown of EZH2 by small-interfering RNA (siRNA) resulted in decreased growth of four NSCLC cell lines. MTT assays demonstrated that DZNep treatment resulted in dose-dependent inhibition of proliferation in the NSCLC cell lines with a half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) ranging from 0.08 to 0.24 mu M. Immortalized but non-cancerous bronchial epithelial and fibroblast cell lines were less sensitive to DZNep than the NSCLC cell lines. Soft agarose assays demonstrated that anchorage-independent growth was also reduced in all three NSCLC cell lines that were evaluated using this assay. Flow cytometry analysis demonstrated that DZNep induced apoptosis and G1 cell cycle arrest in NSCLC cells, which was partially associated with cyclin A decrease and p27(Kip1) accumulation. DZNep depleted cellular levels of EZH2 and inhibited the associated histone H3 lysine 27 trimethylation. These results indicated that an epigenetic therapy that pharmacologically targets EZH2 via DZNep may constitute a novel approach to treatment of NSCLCs. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Jun Sakakibara-Konishi, Satoshi Oizumi, Junko Kikuchi, Eiki Kikuchi, Hidenori Mizugaki, Ichiro Kinoshita, Hirotoshi Dosaka-Akita, Masaharu Nishimura
    BMC CANCER 12 286  1471-2407 2012/07 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    Background: The BH3-only members of the Bcl-2 protein family have been proposed to play a key role in the control of apoptosis and in the initiation of the apoptotic pathways. In this study, we evaluated the expression of Bim, Noxa, and Puma in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: A total of 135 surgically resected NSCLCs were immunohistochemically assessed for Bim, Noxa, and Puma expression. The immunoscores were determined, and then its correlation with either the clinicopathological variables or the survival outcomes were analyzed. Results: Immunohistochemical reactivity for Bim, Noxa, and Puma was detected in the cytoplasm of the tumor cells. Bim expression was associated with several clinicopathological factors, including sex (p < 0.001), smoking habit (p = 0.03), pathological histology (p = 0.001), pathological T stage (p = 0.03), pathological disease stage (p = 0.02), and differentiation of tumor (p < 0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed a significant correlation between low Bim expression and squamous cell carcinoma (p = 0.04), in addition to a correlation between high Bim expression and well differentiated tumors (p = 0.02). Analysis of cellular biological expression demonstrated a link between low Bim expression and high Ki67. While Noxa expression was also shown to be correlated with both smoking habit (p = 0.02) and the pathological histology (p = 0.03), there was no strong association observed between the expression and the clinical features when they were examined by a multivariate logistic regression analysis. No correlations were noted between Puma expression and any of the variables. Our analyses also indicated that the expression levels of the BH3-only proteins were not pertinent to the survival outcome. Conclusions: The current analyses demonstrated that Bim expression in the NSCLCs was associated with both squamous cell carcinoma histology and tumor proliferation.
  • Noriyuki Yamada, Satoshi Oizumi, Hajime Asahina, Naofumi Shinagawa, Eiki Kikuchi, Junko Kikuchi, Jun Sakakibara-Konishi, Tomoaki Tanaka, Kunihiko Kobayashi, Koichi Hagiwara, Masaharu Nishimura
    ONCOLOGY 82 (6) 341 - 346 0030-2414 2012 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    Objectives: Cytological examination of samples obtained by bronchoscopy is a useful method for establishing the diagnosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the utility of a highly sensitive method for the detection of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation in the cytological specimens has not been fully evaluated. Methods: We retrospectively examined the efficacy of the peptide nucleic acid-locked nucleic acid polymerase chain reaction (PNA-LNA PCR) clamp method for detecting EGFR mutations in 122 bronchoscopic cytological specimens from NSCLC patients. Results: Overall, 41 specimens (33.6%) were positive for EGFR mutation. Twenty-nine (39.7%) of 73 specimens obtained by using endobronchial ultrasonography with a guide sheath, 7 (33.3%) of 21 specimens obtained under direct vision by using a conventional bronchoscope, 4 (36.4%) of 11 specimens obtained by using an ultrathin bronchoscope, and 1 (5.9%) of 17 specimens obtained by endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration were positive for EGFR mutation. Furthermore, among 22 resected NSCLC cases, the EGFR mutation status obtained from bronchoscopic materials was consistent with the status obtained from surgical samples, with the exception of 1 case. Conclusion: The detection of EGFR mutation by subjecting bronchoscopic cytological specimens to a PNA-LNA PCR clamp assay proves useful. Copyright (C) 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel
  • Jun Sakakibara-Konishi, Satoshi Oizumi, Ichiro Kinoshita, Naofumi Shinagawa, Junko Kikuchi, Mototsugu Kato, Tetsuya Inoue, Norio Katoh, Rikiya Onimaru, Hiroki Shirato, Hirotoshi Dosaka-Akita, Masaharu Nishimura
    LUNG CANCER 74 (2) 248 - 252 0169-5002 2011/11 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    Introduction: Although paclitaxel with carboplatin and thoracic radiotherapy has improved survival for patients with locally advanced unresectable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the optimal dose of paclitaxel has not been well defined in Japan. This study was conducted to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended dose (RD) of paclitaxel in combination with carboplatin and concurrent real-time tumor-tracking thoracic radiation therapy (thoracic RTRT). Patients and methods: Previously untreated patients with histologically confirmed, locally advanced unresectable NSCLC were eligible. Before treatment, gold markers were inserted into the lung and the mediastinum of all patients. RTRT comprised a total of 66 Gy at 2 Gy/fraction, 5 days/week, for 7 weeks. Patients received paclitaxel at a starting dose of 40 mg/m(2) followed by carboplatin at a fixed area under the curve (AUC) of 2, as a weekly regimen with RTRT. The dose of paclitaxel was escalated by 5 mg/m(2) per level. Results: Eight patients with locally advanced unresectable NSCLC were enrolled and treated with two dose levels of paclitaxel (40 mg/m(2) and 45 mg/m(2)), carboplatin (AUC = 2) and RTRT. No dose limiting toxicities (DLTs) were observed at Level 1 (paclitaxel, 40 mg/m(2) and carboplatin, AUC = 2). At Level 2 (paclitaxel, 45 mg/m(2) and carboplatin, AUC = 2), two of five patients experienced DLTs, in the form of esophagitis and discontinuation of chemotherapy more than twice. The MTD and RD of paclitaxel were thus defined as 45 mg/m(2) and 40 mg/m(2), respectively. Conclusions: This phase I study was well tolerated and the RD of paclitaxel and carboplatin with RTRT is 40 mg/m(2) at AUC = 2, respectively. Further studies are warranted to evaluate the efficacy of this regimen. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Junko Kikuchi, Ichiro Kinoshita, Yasushi Shimizu, Eiki Kikuchi, Kayoko Takeda, Hiroyuki Aburatani, Satoshi Oizumi, Jun Konishi, Kichizo Kaga, Yoshihiro Matsuno, Michael J. Birrer, Masaharu Nishimura, Hirotoshi Dosaka-Akita
    LUNG CANCER 72 (2) 229 - 237 0169-5002 2011/05 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    Background: Minichromosome maintenance (MCM) proteins 2-7 form a complex essential for the initiation of DNA replication. In the process to screen expression changes related to growth suppression of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells by a cJun dominant-negative mutant, we found that reduced expression of MCM4 was correlated with this growth suppression. Method: We determined the relevance of MCM4 in proliferation of NSCLC by downregulating its expression with small-interfering RNA in three NSCLC cell lines. We then immunohistochemically analyzed MCM4 expression in 156 surgically resected NSCLCs to correlate clinicopathologic characteristics. Results: MCM4 downregulation reduced proliferation in two cell lines. MCM4 expression was higher in cancer cells than in adjacent normal bronchial epithelial cells (p < 0.001). High MCM4 expression was correlated with male gender, heavy smoking, poorer differentiation and non-adenocarcinoma histology (p < 0.001, respectively). High MCM4 expression was also correlated with proliferation markers, Ki-67 and cyclin E expression (p < 0.001, respectively). MCM4 expression was not associated with survival. Conclusion: MCM4 may play an essential role in the proliferation of some NSCLC cells. Taken together with higher expression in NSCLCs and its correlation with clinicopathologic characteristics such as non-adenocarcinoma histology. MCM4 may have potential as a therapeutic target in certain population with NSCLCs. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Noriyuki Yamada, Satoshi Oizumi, Eiki Kikuchi, Naofumi Shinagawa, Jun Konishi-Sakakibara, Atsushi Ishimine, Keisuke Aoe, Kenichi Gemba, Takumi Kishimoto, Toshihiko Torigoe, Masaharu Nishimura
    CANCER IMMUNOLOGY IMMUNOTHERAPY 59 (10) 1543 - 1549 0340-7004 2010/10 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    Defects in human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I expression may allow tumor cells to escape immune recognition. T cell infiltration is associated with a good prognosis in many cancers. However, the role of HLA class I expression and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) has not been fully analyzed. In the present study, we investigated the immune profiles and conducted outcome analyses of MPM patients. HLA class I expression and TILs (CD4(+), CD8(+), and NK cells) were detected by immunohistochemistry in a series of 44 MPM cases. To detect HLA class I expression, specimens were stained with the anti-pan HLA class I monoclonal antibody EMR8-5. The expression of HLA class I was positive in all patients. There was no case that showed negative HLA class I expression. The density of CD4(+) and CD8(+) TILs were strongly correlated (R = 0.76, p < 0.001). A high density of CD8(+) TILs was a significantly better prognostic factor for the survival of patients with extrapleural pneumonectomy (p < 0.05). Multivariate analysis revealed that a high density of CD8(+) TILs is an independent prognostic factor for patients who underwent extrapleural pneumonectomy. The presence of intratumoral CD8(+) T cells was correlated with an improved clinical outcome, raising the possibility that CD8(+) T cells might play a pivotal role in the antitumor immune response against MPMs. Thus, the stimulation of CD8(+) lymphocytes might be an efficacious immunotherapy for MPM patients.
  • Junko Kikuchi, Ichiro Kinoshita, Yasushi Shimizu, Eiki Kikuchi, Jun Konishi, Satoshi Oizumi, Kichizo Kaga, Yoshihiro Matsuno, Masaharu Nishimura, Hirotoshi Dosaka-Akita
    CANCER 116 (12) 3015 - 3024 0008-543X 2010/06 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    BACKGROUND: The polycomb group genes Bmi1 polycomb ring finger oncogene (Bmi1) and enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) function as transcriptional repressors involved in gene silencing and in the malignant transformation and biologic aggressiveness of several human carcinomas. In the current study, the authors evaluated Bmi1 and EZH2 protein expression in specimens of human nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: The authors conducted an immunohistochemical assessment of 157 surgically resected NSCLCs to evaluate the correlation between Bmi1 and EZH2 expression and various features, including clinical, clinicopathologic, and biologic characteristics. RESULTS: Normal bronchial epithelia revealed abundant expression of Bmi1 and sporadic expression of EZH2. Patients who had high EZH2 expression in tumor cells had a poorer prognosis than patients who had low EZH2 expression in tumor cells all pathologic stages of NSCLC (P=.001) and in pathologic stage I NSCLC (P=.006). Multivariate analysis revealed that high EZH2 expression was a independent, unfavorable prognostic factor in patients with pathologic stage I disease (P=.048). High EZH2 expression was correlated significantly with nonadenocarcinoma histology (P=.001), moderate and poor differentiation (P=.001), advanced pathologic tumor classification (P=.02), and high Ki-67 and cyclin E labeling indices (P<.001). Bmi1 expression, in contrast, was not a significant prognostic factor and was not correlated with any clinicopathologic factors other than early pathologic tumor classification. CONCLUSIONS: Bmi1 and EZH2 had characteristic and distinctive expression in NSCLCs. High EZH2 expression was correlated with tumor aggressiveness and may provide a novel prognostic marker for NSCLCs. Cancer 2010;116:3015-24. (C) 2010 American Cancer Society.
  • J. Konishi, F. Yi, X. Chen, H. Vo, D. P. Carbone, T. P. Dang
    ONCOGENE 29 (4) 589 - 596 0950-9232 2010/01 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    Notch signaling is a highly conserved pathway important for normal embryonic development and cancer. We previously demonstrated a role for Notch3 in lung cancer pathogenesis. Notch3 inhibition resulted in tumor apoptosis and growth suppression. In vitro, these effects were enhanced when the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) pathway was also inhibited, suggesting significant cross-talk between the two pathways. How Notch3 and epidermal growth factor receptor-mitogen-activated protein kinase (EGFR-MAPK) pathways cooperate in modulating apoptosis is not yet known. In this study, we provide evidence that Notch3 regulates Bim, a BH-3-only protein, via MAPK signaling. Furthermore, loss of Bim expression prevents tumor apoptosis induced by Notch3 inhibition. Using c-secretase inhibitor and erlotinib in a xenograft model, Bim induction and tumor inhibition were observed to be enhanced compared with either agent alone, consistent with our previous observation of significant synergism between Notch and EGFR-ras-MAPK signaling. Thus, our data support the hypothesis that Notch3 not only has a crucial role in lung cancer through regulating apoptosis, but also cooperates with the EGFR-MAPK pathway in modulating Bim. Oncogene (2010) 29, 589-596; doi: 10.1038/onc.2009.366; published online 2 November 2009
  • Satoshi Konno, Satoshi Oizumi, Naofumi Shinagawa, Eiki Kikuchi, Jun Konishi, Kenichiro Ito, Nobuyuki Hizawa, Akihiro Takiyama, Shinya Tanaka, Masaharu Nishimura
    INTERNAL MEDICINE 49 (8) 771 - 775 0918-2918 2010 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    Primary mediastinal liposarcoma was observed in a 73-year-old man. Because of tight adhesions to adjacent tissues, neither complete resection nor surgical debulking of the tumor was possible. A T-tube was inserted into the patient's trachea for severe dyspnea, and he was treated with radiotherapy and an oral peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma agonist. The patient died 6 years after the initial diagnosis. Autopsy revealed liposarcoma composed of 3 subtypes in the primary tumor: well-differentiated, dedifferentiated, and round cell components. Round cell and dedifferentiated liposarcomas were predominantly observed in the metastatic nodules.
  • Satoshi Oizumi, Koichi Yamazaki, Hiroshi Yokouchi, Jun Konishi, Fumihiro Hommura, Tetsuya Kojima, Hiroshi Isobe, Masaharu Nishimura
    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY 14 (2) 125 - 129 1341-9625 2009/04 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    Combination chemotherapy comprising amrubicin and vinorelbine as a second-line therapy for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has not been fully evaluated. To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended dose (RD), the present phase I study examined patients with advanced NSCLC. The subjects were nine patients with histologically confirmed advanced NSCLC, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0-1, prior platinum-based first-line chemotherapy, and measurable or evaluable lesions. Treatment consisted of five dose levels, with amrubicin 35-45 mg/m(2) administered as a 5-min intravenous infusion on days 1-3 and vinorelbine 15-25 mg/m(2) given as a 1-h intravenous infusion on days 1 and 8, every 3 weeks. All patients had received carboplatin and paclitaxel as first-line therapy. Dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) was seen in two of six patients (febrile neutropenia and deep vein thrombosis ) at level 1, allowing us to conduct level 2. At level 2, all three patients experienced DLT (leucopenia a parts per thousand yen4 days in one patient; febrile neutropenia in three patients; and infection in two patients), and this level was determined as the MTD. Subsequently, level 1 (amrubicin 35 mg/m(2) and vinorelbine 15 mg/m(2)) was defined as the RD. Responses in the nine patients included a partial response in one patient and stable disease in four patients. As second-line therapy, the RD of the combination of amrubicin and vinorelbine is 35 mg/m(2) and 15 mg/m(2), respectively. Further study should proceed to clarify the efficacy of this regimen.
  • Masaru Suzuki, Hajime Asahina, Jun Konishi, Koichi Yamazaki, Masaharu Nishimura
    INTERNAL MEDICINE 47 (6) 533 - 536 0918-2918 2008 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    Gefitinib, the epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is effective for patients with non-small cell lung cancer. However, a serious adverse effect, interstitial lung disease ILD), has been reported. The re-administration of gefitinib might be considered when there is no other choice of treatment and a therapeutic effect can be expected; however, there is no published data on the safety of restarting gefitinib after its discontinuation in cases suspected of having gefitinib-induced ILD. We report a case with recurrent gefitinib-induced ILD, which suggests that re-administration of gefitinib should be considered cautiously in patients who have previously developed gefitinib-induced ILD.
  • Jun Konishi, Keiko S. Kawaguchi, Huan Vo, Nobuhiro Haruki, Adriana Gonzalez, David P. Carbone, Thao P. Dang
    CANCER RESEARCH 67 (17) 8051 - 8057 0008-5472 2007/09 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    Notch receptors are key regulators of development by controlling cell-fate determination in many multicellular organisms. Genes that are important for normal differentiation play a role in cancer when their normal functions became dysregulated. Notch signaling has been shown to promote and maintain survival of many types of cancers, and we previously have shown that Notch3 plays an important role in lung cancer. In this study, we showed that a high percentage of lung cancer lines expressed Jagged1, Notch receptors, and their transcriptional target genes (HES1, Hey1), suggesting that the Notch pathway plays an important role in lung cancer biology. Thus, inhibition of Notch receptor activation represents a compelling treatment strategy. Notch activation requires proteolytic cleavage of the receptor by gamma-secretase protein complex. In this study, we determined the ability of MRK-003, a gamma-secretase inhibitor, to inhibit Notch3 signaling, growth, and apoptosis of lung cancer cell lines in vitro and in vivo using mouse xenograft models. We also found that MRK-003 inhibited Notch3 signaling, reduced tumor cell proliferation, inhibited serum independence, and induced apoptosis. This drug had no effect when Notch3 expression was knocked down using small interfering RNA (siRNA), suggesting that the observed effects were mediated by specific action on this receptor. In conclusion, these results support the hypothesis that inhibition of Notch activation using gamma-secretase inhibitor represents a potential new approach for the targeted therapy of lung cancer.
  • Hiroshi Yokouchi, Koichi Yamazaki, Ichiro Kinoshita, Jun Konishi, Hajime Asahina, Noriaki Sukoh, Masao Harada, Kenji Akie, Shigeaki Ogura, Takashi Ishida, Mitsuru Munakata, Hirotoshi Dosaka-Akita, Hiroshi Isobe, Masaharu Nishimura
    BMC CANCER 7 51  1471-2407 2007/03 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    Background: Gefitinib, an oral agent of epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has a certain efficacy against non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Several predictive factors of gefitinib sensitivity have been well described. However, few studies have investigated the clinical features of gefitinib-responders. In the present study, we analyzed the response and disease progression of primary and metastatic lesions to gefitinib in responders and the results of gefitinib readministration following temporary cessation of gefitinib upon progression of initial gefitinib treatment and other treatments. Method: We retrospectively evaluated the clinical courses of 27 NSCLC patients who received gefitinib and achieved either a complete or partial response. Results: The best-response rate and disease-control rate against the initial chemotherapy for the gefitinib-responders were 27.3% and 77.3%, respectively. Favorable efficacy was observed in the primary lesion and metastases to the lung, liver and brain, while there was no obvious effect on bone metastasis. The primary lesion and intrapulmonary metastasis were the sites of major recurrence. Median progression-free survival was 13.8 months, median duration of gefitinib treatment was 17.0 months and median overall survival was 29.2 months. Some of the patients who experienced disease progression after responding to gefitinib were again sensitive to readministration of gefitinib following temporary cessation of gefitinib and other treatments. Conclusion: Patients may still be expected to have prolonged survival if they once responded to gefitinib and then underwent various subsequent treatments followed by readministration of gefitinib. These findings might provide valuable information for the management of gefitinib-responders.
  • Phase II study of carboplatin and weekly paclitaxel in advanced non-small cell lung cancer
    Megumi Nakadate, Koichi Yamazaki, Jun Konishi, Ichiro Kinoshita, Noriaki Sukoh, Masao Harada, Kenji Akie, Shigeaki Ogura, Takashi Ishida, Mitsuru Munakata, Hirotoshi Dosaka-Akita, Hiroshi Isobe, Masaharu Nishimura
    ANTICANCER RESEARCH 26 (5B) 3767 - 3772 0250-7005 2006/09 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    Background: The optimal schedule of taxane administration has been an area of active interest in several clinical trials. Patients and Methods: To evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of carboplatin and weekly paclitaxel combination chemotherapy, a phase H study was conducted for chemo-naive, advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Patients received paclitaxel 100 mg/m(2) on days 1, 8 and 15, and carboplatin with the target dose of area under the curve of 6 on day I every 28 days. Results: Forty patients were enrolled. Overall response rate and survival at one year by intent-to-treat analyses was 35% and 57.5%, respectively. The median survival time was 12.2 months. Twenty-two patients (56%) had grade 3 or greater neutropenia. Grade 3 sensory and motor neuropathy were seen in one patient (3%). Conclusion: Carboplatin and weekly paclitaxel combination chemotherapy is an active and feasible regimen for patients with advanced NSCLC.
  • Analysis of the response and toxicity to gefitinib of non-small cell lung cancer
    J Konishi, K Yamazaki, Kinoshita, I, H Isobe, S Ogura, S Sekine, T Ishida, R Takashima, M Nakadate, S Nishikawa, T Hattori, H Asahina, M Imura, E Kikuchi, J Kikuchi, N Shinagawa, H Yokouchi, M Munakata, H Dosaka-Akita, M Nishimura
    ANTICANCER RESEARCH 25 (1B) 435 - 441 0250-7005 2005/01 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    Background: Gefitinib is an oral agent that inhibits the tyrosine kinase of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), which had antitumor activity in patients with previously treated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We analyzed the efficacy, toxicity and overall survival time of gefitinib treatment in patients with NSCLC. Patients and Methods: One hundred and twenty-two patients with NSCLC, who received gefitinib between 2002 and 2004 in our institutes, were evaluated retrospectively. Results: The objective response rate was 24.6%. The variables identified as significant in univariate analysis included gender and smoking habit. The median overall survival time was 14.4 months. Significant variables associated with improved survival included good performance status (PS), female, adenocarcinoma and never smoked status, while never smoked status and good PS were independent prognostic factors in multivariate analysis. Four patients (3.3%) developed interstitial pneumonitis associated with gefitinib. Conclusion: Gefitinib showed favorable antitumor activity in females, never smokers and adenocarcinoma.
  • Lung adenocarcinoma presenting with enlarged and multiloculated cystic lesions over 2 years.
    Yoshida T, Harada T, Fuke S, Konishi J, Yamazaki K, Kaji M, Morikawa T, Ota S, Itoh T, Dosaka-Akita H, Nishimura M
    Respiratory care 12 49 1522 - 1524 0020-1324 2004/12 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • J Konishi, K Yamazaki, H Yokouchi, N Shinagawa, K Iwabuchi, M Nishimura
    HUMAN IMMUNOLOGY 65 (11) 1377 - 1388 0198-8859 2004/11 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    The activation of human Valpha24(+)-Vbeta11(+) natural killer T cells (NKT) cells (Valpha24 NKT cells) induces effective antitumor responses with secondary immune effects through activation of conventional T cells and natural killer cells. In this study, we attempted to analyze the characteristics of human NKT cells in lung cancer patients. Valpha24 NKT cells stimulated with alpha-GalCer from healthy volunteers exhibited direct cytotoxic activity against two (RERF-LC-OK and PC-3) of seven human lung cancer cell lines studied. Cytotoxicity by Valpha24 NKT cells against human lung cancer cells was dependent on the perforin pathway and independent of Fas/FasL pathway. Intracellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 expression on tumor cells was clearly associated with the cytotoxicity of Va24 NKT cells. On the other hand, the proportion of Va24 NKT cells in the patients with lung cancer was lower than that in the healthy volunteers. Furthermore, the proliferative response of Valpha24 NKT cells to alpha-GalCer was significantly lower in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells in the patients with lung cancer. Addition of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor moderately restored the low proliferative response of Valpha24 NKT cells in the patients with lung cancer, however the percentage by which the response was restored in these patients was still lower than the natural response in healthy volunteers. These results suggest that Valpha24 NKT cells may play a pivotal role or the antitumor response in lung cancer. (C) American Society for Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics, 2004. Published by Elsevier Inc.
  • J Kikuchi, K Yamazaki, Kinoshita, I, H Asahina, M Imura, E Kikuchi, J Konishi, N Shinagawa, H Oki, H Dosaka-Akita, M Nishimura
    JAPANESE JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY 34 (9) 505 - 509 0368-2811 2004/09 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    Objective: This study was designed to determine the maximum tolerated dose of paclitaxel administered weekly in combination with carboplatin and to assess its dose limiting toxicity and preliminary activity in patients with previously untreated, advanced non-small-cell lung cancer. Methods: Carboplatin was administered at a fixed dose that maintained an area under the curve of 6. Paclitaxel was given over 1 h once a week for 3 weeks starting at 60 mg/m(2) and escalated in 10 mg/m(2) increments. Results: Twenty-one patients were treated with six dose levels (60, 70, 80, 90, 100, 110 mg/m(2)) of paclitaxel. The dose limiting toxicity was infection and the maximum tolerated dose was 110 mg/m(2). Nine of 21 (42.9%) patients demonstrated a therapeutic response. Conclusion: Weekly paclitaxel and carboplatin were well tolerated. Based on our results, 100 mg/m(2) of paclitaxel for 3 weeks of a 4-week cycle, in combination with carboplatin, was recommended for a phase II study.
  • J Konishi, K Yamazaki, M Azuma, Kinoshita, I, H Dosaka-Akita, M Nishimura
    CLINICAL CANCER RESEARCH 10 (15) 5094 - 5100 1078-0432 2004/08 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    Purpose: B7-H1/PD-L1 (B7-H1) and B7-DC/PD-L2 (B7-DC) are ligands for the receptor PD-1, which is known to negatively regulate T-cell activation. In the present study, we investigated the expression of B7-H1 and B7-DC in tumor specimens of non-small cell lung cancer and their relationships with clinicopathological variables and postoperative survival. Furthermore, we examined the correlation between B7-H1 expression on tumor cells and the number of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) or PD-1 expression on TILs. Experimental Design: The expression of B7-H1 and B7-DC in 52 surgically resected specimens of non-small cell lung cancer was evaluated immunohistochemically. Results: Expression of B7-H1 and B7-DC was focally observed in all non-small cell lung cancer tumor specimens. No relationship was found between the expression of B7-H1 or B7-DC and clinicopathological variables or postoperative survival. However, in the same sections evaluated, significantly fewer TILs were identified in B7-H1-positive tumor regions than in B7-H1-negative tumor regions in a subset of five patients (P = 0.01). Moreover, the percentage of TILs expressing PD-1 was significantly lower in B7-H1-positive tumor regions than in B7-H1-negative tumor regions (P = 0.02). Conclusions: The expression of B7-H1 on tumor cells in local areas reciprocally correlated with the number of TILs, and this may contribute to negative regulation in antitumor immune responses in non-small cell lung cancer.
  • Konishi J, Yamazaki K, Chikai K, Nagashima K, Sakai K, Kinoshita I, Dosaka-Akita H, Nishimura M
    Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan) 7 43 (7) 602 - 606 0918-2918 2004/07 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • T Kojima, K Yamazaki, Y Tamura, S Ogura, K Tani, J Konishi, N Shinagawa, Kinoshita, I, N Hizawa, E Yamaguchi, H Dosaka-Akita, M Nishimura
    HUMAN GENE THERAPY 14 (8) 715 - 728 1043-0342 2003/05 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF)-based cancer cell vaccines have been shown to be potent inducers of antitumor immunity in several murine models, but the antitumor effects on established tumors have been minimal. Conversely, the major role of the heat shock protein gp96, localized in the endoplasmic reticulum ( ER), is to act as a molecular chaperone to assist the folding of nascent polypeptide chains in the ER. gp96 derived from tumor cells elicits specific protective immunity against parental tumors, presumably through the transport of tumor-specific peptides to antigen-presenting cells and the maturation of dendritic cells ( DCs). However, the therapeutic effects of tumor-derived gp96 on established tumors have not been promising. The present study analyzes the therapeutic effects of GM-CSF gene-transduced Lewis lung cancer (LLC/GM) cells combined with LLC-derived gp96 on established wild-type LLC tumors in immunocompetent C57BL/6 mice. Therapy with either irradiated LLC/GM cells or LLC-derived gp96 barely affected established LLC tumor growth. The antitumor effect was significantly enhanced when 1 mug of LLC-derived gp96 was administered together with 1 3 106 irradiated LLC/GM cells (p < 0.05). The antitumor effects of irradiated LLC/GM cells and LLC-derived gp96 required mainly CD8(+) T cells. Spleen cells obtained from mice vaccinated with irradiated LLC/GM cells and LLC-derived gp96 showed specific CD8 cytotoxic activities against LLC cells (specific lysis rate of approximately 28%). This antibody response was not associated with a synergic effect of the combination therapy. Moreover, draining lymph nodes from mice immunized with irradiated LLC/GM cells and LLC-derived gp96 contained more migrating mature CD11c(+) cells ( higher levels of CD86 and major histocompatibility complex [MHC] class II molecules) compared with those from any other immunization protocols. These results suggest that the combination of irradiated LLC/GM cells and tumor-derived gp96 has potential as a new immunogene therapeutic strategy against lung cancer.
  • J Konishi, K Yamazaki, E Tsukamoto, N Tamaki, Y Onodera, T Otake, T Morikawa, Kinoshita, I, H Dosaka-Akita, M Nishimura
    RESPIRATION 70 (5) 500 - 506 0025-7931 2003 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    Background: Accurate staging of mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes is a critical factor determining operability in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Positron emission tomography with 2-[F-18]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose as a tracer (FDG-PET) has recently been reported to be more effective in detecting tumor involvement in mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes than computed tomography (CT). Objective: In this study, we analyzed the accuracy of FDG-PET in mediastinal and hilar lymph node staging in patients with NSCLC and the factors associated with false-positive or false-negative FDG-PET findings in mediastinal and hilar lymph node staging. Methods: Fifty-four patients with NSCLC who underwent preoperative analysis including chest CT and whole-body FDG-PET were evaluated retrospectively. Using FDG-PET, lesions were considered to be positive if a definite, localized area of higher uptake, excluding physiologic uptake, than in surrounding normal tissue was present. On CT findings, lymph nodes were considered to be positive if they were 110 mm in short-axis diameter, except subcarinal lymph nodes (#7), which were considered to be positive if they were >15 mm in short-axis diameter. All patients underwent surgical resection of primary tumors and mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes between 1999 and 2001 in our institute. Resected lymph nodes were histologically examined for the existence of tumor cells. Results: A total of 306 lymph nodes were resected and used for analysis. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of FDG-PET were 73, 98, 70 and 98%, while those of CT were 55, 96, 55 and 96%, respectively. When preoperative nodal staging was compared with post-operative histopathological staging, 44 patients (81%) were correctly staged, 7 (13%) were overstaged and 3 (6%) were understaged by FDG-PET, while 39 patients (72%) were correctly staged, 8 (15%) were overstaged and 7 (13%) were understaged by CT. All 7 overstaged patients by FDG-PET had other pulmonary complications, including interstitial pneumonitis (n = 2), previous pulmonary tuberculosis (n = 3), silicosis (n = 1) and emphysema ( n = 1), although they were not in the active stage. In 3 understaged patients by FDG-PET, lymph nodes were also undetectable by CT. Conclusion: FDG-PET is superior to CT in mediastinal and hilar lymph node staging of patients with NSCLC. However, care should be taken in lymph node staging for patients who have other pulmonary complications, including interstitial pneumonitis, previous pulmonary tuberculosis and silicosis. Copyright (C) 2003 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • K Onoe, K Iwabuchi, C Iwabuchi, S Tone, J Konishi, Y Kawakami, M Nishimura, K Onoe
    IMMUNOBIOLOGY 206 (4) 377 - 391 0171-2985 2002/10 [Refereed][Not invited]
     
    In vitro treatment of thymocytes and splenocytes with rabbit complement (C') alone induced significant reductions in the proportion of NK-T cells in murine system. The reduction appeared to be prominent in the thymic NK-T cells compared to that in splenic NK-T cells. No reductions were detected in other populations, such as T, B and NK cells. Thus, NK-T cells lineage-specifically showed the enhanced C' sensitivity. However, NK-T cells in T cell receptor (TCR) transgenic mice of RAG(-/-) background that lack B cells and antibodies. exhibited no C' sensitivity. On the other hand those from the same TCR transgenic mice of RAG intact background that have a normal population of B cells and antibodies showed the C' sensitivity similar to that in normal mice These findings suggest that the enhanced C' sensitivity observed in the NK-T cell population is associated with the NK-T specific autoantibodies. Indeed, we found that a subset of NK-T cells in the thymus bound mouse immunoglobulins. Similar observations were obtained with several strains of lupus model mice, some of which show a decrease of NK-T cells with aging. Possible roles of the enhanced C' sensitivity of NK-T cells in pathophysiological conditions in various mouse strains including lupus models are discussed.

MISC

Research Grants & Projects

Educational Activities

Teaching Experience

  • 医学総論
    開講年度 : 2018
    課程区分 : 博士後期課程
    開講学部 : 医学研究科
  • Master's Thesis Research in Medical Sciences
    開講年度 : 2018
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 医学院
    キーワード : 炎症性肺疾患、免疫性肺疾患、腫瘍性肺疾患、感染性肺疾患、肺循環系疾患、がんプロフェッショナル inflammatory lung disease, immune-mediated lung disease, neoplastic lung disease, infectious lung disease, pulmonary circulation diseases, cancer professional
  • Basic Principles of Medicine
    開講年度 : 2018
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 医学院
    キーワード : 炎症性肺疾患、免疫性肺疾患、腫瘍性肺疾患、感染性肺疾患、肺循環系疾患、がんプロフェッショナル inflammatory lung disease, immune-mediated lung disease, neoplastic lung disease, infectious lung disease, pulmonary circulation diseases, cancer professional
  • Dissertation Research in Clinical Medicine
    開講年度 : 2018
    課程区分 : 博士後期課程
    開講学部 : 医学院
    キーワード : 炎症性肺疾患、免疫性肺疾患、腫瘍性肺疾患、感染性肺疾患、肺循環系疾患、がんプロフェッショナル inflammatory lung disease, immune-mediated lung disease, neoplastic lung disease, infectious lung disease, pulmonary circulation diseases, cancer professional
  • Dissertation Research in Medical Sciences
    開講年度 : 2018
    課程区分 : 博士後期課程
    開講学部 : 医学院
    キーワード : 炎症性肺疾患、免疫性肺疾患、腫瘍性肺疾患、感染性肺疾患、肺循環系疾患、がんプロフェッショナル inflammatory lung disease, immune-mediated lung disease, neoplastic lung disease, infectious lung disease, pulmonary circulation diseases, cancer professional
  • Principles of Medicine
    開講年度 : 2018
    課程区分 : 博士後期課程
    開講学部 : 医学院
    キーワード : 炎症性肺疾患、免疫性肺疾患、腫瘍性肺疾患、感染性肺疾患、肺循環系疾患、がんプロフェッショナル inflammatory lung disease, immune-mediated lung disease, neoplastic lung disease, infectious lung disease, pulmonary circulation diseases, cancer professional


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