Researcher Database

Hiroaki Kakizawa
Research Faculty of Agriculture Fundamental AgriScience Research Forest Science

Researcher Profile and Settings


  • Research Faculty of Agriculture Fundamental AgriScience Research Forest Science

Job Title

  • Professor


  • (BLANK)

J-Global ID

Research Interests

  • 森林社会学   森林政策学   Society and Forest   Forest Policy   

Research Areas

  • Life sciences / Forest science


  •        - 1984  Hokkaido University
  •        - 1984  Hokkaido University  Graduate School, Division of Agriculture
  •        - 1982  Hokkaido University  Faculty of Agriculture
  •        - 1982  Hokkaido University  Faculty of Agriculture

Association Memberships

  • 環境社会学会   森林計画学会   林業経済学会   林学会   

Research Activities

Published Papers

  • SUZUKI Haruhiko, KAKIZAWA Hiroaki
    Journal of Forest Economics 林業経済学会 67 (3) 24 - 38 0285-1598 2021 
    We analyzed original municipal forest policies, focusing on the policy process and operation and the role of human resources in the policy process. The policy process can be divided into three stages: issue setting, policy formation, and policy implementation. As the policy formation stage determines the policy content, we focused on this stage. We classified policy formation into three types: the “committee” and “municipalstaff” types, in which policies are formed by an independent committee and the municipal staff, respectively, and “a private sector utilization” type, in which policy formation is entrusted to the private sector. The three methods have been developed to best ensure cooperative relationships between the actors involved in each type of policy formation. In the “committee” and “private sector utilization” types, the municipal staff played a role in connecting key persons outside the local governments. It is suggested that municipal governments should recruit forestry professionals and assign forestry staff in the long term, and increase collaboration with various policy-related organizations and human resources to strengthen the forest administration system.
  • SUZUKI Haruhiko, KAKIZAWA Hiroaki, HIRATA Kunihiro, TAMURA Norie
    Journal of Forest Economics 林業経済学会 66 (1) 51 - 60 0285-1598 2020/03 [Refereed]
    This paper discusses the current state of and future trends in the forest administration of municipalities in Japan. We conducted a nationwide postal questionnaire survey with municipalities in fiscal year 2018. The survey results, based on responses from 615 municipalities, showed that many of the municipalities'forest divisions were small in terms of the number of staff and that many of the staff did not specialize in forest administration. Indeed, many were in charge of other businesses as well as the forest division. Most municipalities responded negatively to the recent decentralization of forest policy, considering that it imposed additional burdens on them. About half of the municipalities considered strengthening the capacity of their forest division in response to the decentralization. Municipalities were divided in their opinions on the forthcoming Forest Environmental Tax, subsequently introduced in 2019, with some responses positive and others negative. Despite some of the shortcomings in forest administrationmentioned above, the survey also found that increasing numbers of municipalities had developed their own municipal forest plansand established forest boards, and were starting to adopt positive attitudes to developing their own policies and systems. However,for the time being, as forest administration remains in a vulnerable state, the government should reconsider undertaking further decentralizationof forest policy and instead implement further measures to strengthen the capacity of municipal forest administration.
  • The Development of“Mokuiku”and“Mokuiku Master”Activity in Hokkaido
    YOU Xiao, KAKIZAWA Hiroaki
    Journal of Forest Economics 65 (3) 1 - 10 2019/11 [Refereed]
  • AIKAWA Takanobu, KAKIZAWA Hiroaki
    Journal of Forest Economics 林業経済学会 63 (2) 1 - 12 0285-1598 2017/07 [Refereed][Not invited]
    The transfer process of training seminars for Forest Practice Planners, which have been conducted in line with forestry human development policy, was investigated by surveys and case studies in order to understand the extent to which seminars have led to the implementation of forest practice consolidation. Through laboratory work and workshops, the interactive seminars were designed to promote transfer by means of exercises in trial consolidation at the field level. A questionnaire survey of Planners participating in seminars indicated that they fostered forest practice consolidation by applying what they had learnt in seminars. However, after the Forest Practice Planner certification system was initiated, the seminars changed their focus to exam preparationfor certification. For the effective transfer of seminars and implementation of forest consolidation, the competence of the organizations to which Planners belong plays an important role. In particular, heeding suggestions from Planners and the ability of managers to provide clear guidance for implementing consolidation, as well as the availability of support from outside experts, were significant. Because the national government policy on forestry human development is unstable due to political and financial conditions, professional associations for Planners should continue to provide training programs for their stable development.
  • KAKIZAWA Hiroaki
    Forest Economy 69 (6) 8 - 14 2016/09 [Refereed][Invited]
  • Developmnet of a strategic Forest Policy in Municipaloties
    KAKIZAWA Hiroaki
    Journal of Forest Economics 62 (1) 75 - 83 2016/03 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • KAKIZAWA Hiroaki
    Journal of Forest Economics 林業経済学会 61 (1) 96 - 107 0285-1598 2015/03 [Refereed][Not invited]
    An investigation into forestry education and qualification systems in six developed countries was conducted. The six countries were classified into two groups according to how their qualification systems operate: one in which the qualification system is operated by private professional associations (USA, UK, and Canada), and the second is operated by the national government (Germany, Austria, and Switzerland). In the first group, training programs are provided by universities, and in the second group, training is provided by both universities and special vocational training schools according to the bureaucratic class defined by the national qualification system. The groupings are strongly related to the historical development process, although each country's system has been undergoing recent changes in response to social changes, such as the environmental movement or standardization of the higher education system to an international level. In some countries, career ladders enable forestry workers to gain promotion to become professional foresters. Such changes have also been observed in Japan, too, and it may be helpful to monitor the institutional development for improving educational and qualification systems of Japanese Foresters and Forest Practice Planners.
  • Yasushi Shoji, Nobuhiko Nakao, Yukari Ueda, Hiroaki Kakizawa, Takuro Hirai
    FOREST POLICY AND ECONOMICS 43 1 - 9 1389-9341 2014/06 [Refereed][Not invited]
    The purpose of this study is to examine the preferences of Japanese consumers for certified forest products and estimate their price premiums using a discrete choice experiment. Although Japanese consumers have almost no opportunity to purchase forest certification products now, except paper and paper-related products, Japan may be a promising market with significant scope for increasing the demands for the forest certification products. Each choice task of our discrete choice experiment contained alternative wall renovation scenarios with interior wood materials showing five attributes. In 2008, 150 respondents living in Sapporo, northern Japan, completed our questionnaire, which contained a series of the choice tasks. To understand heterogeneous preferences and identify consumer segments in a systematic way, a latent class model was applied. The results show that the mean price premium on Forest Stewardship Council certification of interior materials was 40.5% under a ceteris paribus condition. However, two identified consumer segments both placed greater value on other attributes of the interior materials: dimensional stability and/or area of production. The results indicate that for suppliers of forest products outside of Japan, the merit of forest certification and the demerit of foreign product will cancel each other out in Japan. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • 柿澤 宏昭
    林業経済研究 60 (2) 54 - 64 2014 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • 今日の森林林業問題 林政改革と森林ガバナンスの展望
    柿澤 宏昭
    (426) 2011 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • 柿澤 宏昭
    林業経済研究 57 (2) 2011 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • 市町村森林行政の現状と課題
    柿澤 宏昭
    林業経済 64 (9) 2011 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • 流域保全サービスへの支払いを実行するための課題
    柿澤 宏昭
    環境情報科学論文集 (24) 2010 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • 柿澤 宏昭
    林業経済研究 56 (1) 2010 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • 森林ガバナンス研究の展望
    柿澤 宏昭
    林業経済 63 (2) 2010 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • 森林施業規制の国際比較研究
    柿澤 宏昭
    林業経済 61 (9) 2008 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • 地域材による住宅建築をめぐる協働関係の形成に関する考察
    柿澤 宏昭
    林業経済研究 53 (3) 2007 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • ロシア極東における参加型森林管理に関わる地域住民の意識
    柿澤 宏昭
    林業経済研究 52 (1) 2006 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • Hiroaki Kakizawa
    JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH 9 (2) 147 - 155 1341-6979 2004/05 [Refereed][Not invited]
    Currently, many researchers argue in favor of decentralization, as it facilitates more locally based and innovative forest policy. However, many local government administrations, especially those of municipalities, lack sufficient resources to function efficiently under a decentralized regime. There is an urgent need to reassess administrative systems that can handle both decentralization and responsible administration. In this paper, resource management systems are evaluated in terms of comprehensiveness of resource management, professionalism of resource management, and public participation, by means of a comparative study of the New Zealand and Finnish systems. Finland has the advantage of nurturing and retaining experts, as a result of having specialized local organizations formed by the central government ministries. However, in Finland, it is difficult to achieve comprehensiveness and public participation, because such complex coordination is required among the vertically divided administrative organizations and between the national and local governments. In contrast, comprehensiveness and public participation are easily achieved in New Zealand because local governments are responsible for almost all resource management. However, its small-scale local governments, in particular, have serious difficulty in obtaining the services of experts. There are many lessons to learn from New Zealand about using public participation to achieve comprehensive resource management by local governments. At the same time, the effectiveness of the Finnish system, which centers on the national government, is undeniably effective in securing professionals. It is necessary to devise a combination of both systems that suits Japan's situation and capitalizes on the advantages of both systems.
  • 地域における森林政策の主体をどう考えるか
    柿澤 宏昭
    林業経済研究 50 (1) 2004 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • 吸収源としてのロシア森林の評価とロシアの京都議定書への対応
    柿澤 宏昭
    林業経済 56 (8) 2003 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • ロシアにおける林政の展開とその政治的背景
    柿澤 宏昭
    林業経済研究 48 (1) 2002 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • ロシアの違法伐採の現状と課題
    柿澤 宏昭
    熱帯林業 (55) 2002 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • 地域環境政策形成のために求められるもの
    柿澤 宏昭
    都市問題 93 (10) 2002 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • 日本林学会誌 83 (1) 5 - 13 2001 [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • 総合化と協働の時代における環境政策と社会科学
    柿澤 宏昭
    環境社会学研究 7 2001 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • KAKIZAWA Hiroaki
    Landscape Ecology and Management Japan Association for Landscape Ecology 6 (1) 31 - 36 1345-532X 2001
  • アメリカ合衆国における流域管理((]G0001[)) -ワシントン州における流域管理を中心に-
    水利科学 43 (1-2) 1999 [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • KAKIZAWA Hiroaki
    FOREST ECONOMY 一般財団法人 林業経済研究所 52 (5) 30 - 32 0388-8614 1999
  • Kakizawa Hiroaki
    Wildlife Conservation Japan 「野生生物と社会」学会 3 (2) 57 - 72 1341-8777 1998 [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • KAKIZAWA Hiroaki
    FOREST ECONOMY 一般財団法人 林業経済研究所 51 (2) 3 - 5 0388-8614 1998
  • アメリカ合州国北西部国有林におけるエコシステムマネジメントの現状と課題
    林学経済研究 43 (1) 49 - 54 1997 [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • 日本林学会誌 79 (2) 94 - 102 1997 [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • KAKIZAWA Hiroaki
    Japanese Journal of Forest Planning 森林計画学会 29 13 - 24 0917-2017 1997 
    Public Participation in the planning process of US National Forest in 1980's failed because of lack of flexibility of the US Forest Service. The US Forest Service has a bias toward timber management, and was unwilling to introduce public participation. Since 1992, the Forest Service has been officially implementing an ecosystem approach for managing national forests. An ecosystem approach requires a public participation system which can deal with broad spatial ecosystem problems and allows for collaboration between various participants and community members. Under these circumstances, the Forest Service has been introducing a more open and collaborative decision making process, and educating employees on the concepts and skills required for public participation. Revision of National Forest Planning Regulation, which intended to promote a bottom-up and unbiased planning process, is also in the final stages. Ultimately, however the success of public participation depends upon the people involved and no amount of regulatory detail can guarantee effective and open communication. A combination of a community-based movement towards natural resource management and a collaborative decision making systems concerning national forests are the foundations needed to ensure public participation in ecosystem management.
  • KAKIZAWA Hiroaki
    Japanese Journal of Forest Planning 森林計画学会 25 105 - 106 0917-2017 1995
  • 連邦崩壊後のロシアにおける森林政策と林産業の動向
    林業経済 1994 [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • 水産資源保全のための流域森林整備に関する研究
    水利科学 (127) 13 - 22 1994 [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • 転換期における林業諸資本の展開と労働力編成
    北海道大学農学部演習林研究報告 104,91-94 1993 [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • 森林管理をめぐる市民参加と合意形成
    森林計画学会誌 50 (1) 1 - 136 1993 [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • KAKIZAWA Hiroaki
    FOREST ECONOMY 一般財団法人 林業経済研究所 46 (10) 31 - 32 1993
  • 旧ソ連極東における森林経営と林産業の動向
    北大演習林研究報告 49 (2) 1992 [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • 国有林経営・管理をめぐる合意形成のあり方に関する研究
    北大演習林研究報告 46 (3) 1989 [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • 治山行財政構造に関する孝察
    林業経済 470 1987 [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • 北海道林業の現局面と資本による労働力編成に関する研究
    北大演習林研究報告 42 (3) 1985 [Not refereed][Not invited]

Books etc

  • 柿沢, 宏昭 
    日本林業調査会 2021/03 (ISBN: 9784889652659) 321p
  • 保持林業
    柿澤 宏昭 (Joint editor)
    築地書館 2018/11
  • 欧米諸国の森林管理政策
    柿澤 宏昭 (Single work)
    日本林業調査会 2018/06
  • 日本の森林管理政策の展開
    柿澤 宏昭 (Single work)
    日本林業調査会 2018/06
  • Biodiversity conservation using umbrella species
    KAKIZAWA Hiroaki (Contributor)
    Springer 2018
  • Collaborative Forest Governance
    KAKIZAWA Hiroaki (Joint workHistorical Typology of Collaborative Governance Modern Forest Polocy in Japan)
    Univrtsity of Tyokyo Press 2015/03
  • 森林経営をめぐる組織イノベーション
    柿澤 宏昭 (Joint workスウェーデンにおける環境保全型林業)
    広報プレイス 2015/02
  • Environmental Change and the Social Response in the Amur River Basin
    KAKIZAWA Hiroaki (Joint workDevelopment Process of Timber Harvesting in the Khabarovsk Region, Russian Federation)
    Springer 2015
  • 戦後日本の食料・農業・農村 戦後改革・経済復興期Ⅱ
    柿澤 宏昭 (国有林)
    農林統計協会 2014/06
  • 環境保全の法と論理
    柿澤 宏昭 (Joint work環境社会学)
  • イギリス国立公園の現状と未来
    柿澤 宏昭 (Contributor)
  • 現代森林政策学
    柿澤 宏昭 (Joint work)
  • 持続可能な低炭素社会
    柿澤 宏昭 (Contributor)
  • みどりの市民参加
    柿澤 宏昭 (Joint work)
  • 森林のはたらきを評価する
    柿澤 宏昭 (Joint editor)
  • 北のランドスケープ
    柿澤 宏昭 (Contributor)
  • 林業経済研究の論点
    柿澤 宏昭 (Contributor)
  • 生物多様性保全と環境政策
    柿澤 宏昭 (Joint editor)
  • People and Forest
    柿澤 宏昭 
  • ロシア 森林大国の内実
    柿澤 宏昭 (Joint editor)
  • 森林保全とその担い手
    講座環境社会学 2001
  • Forest Conservation and People
    Environmental Sociology 2001
  • Dシアの木材産業と貿易
    世界の木材貿易構造, 日本科学調査会 2000
  • エコシステム マネジメント
    築路書館 2000
  • Forest Industry and International Trade of Russia
  • Ecosystem Management
  • ロシアの森林-林業
    諸外国の森林・林業 1999
  • Forest and Forestry in Russia
    Forest and Forestry in the foreign countries 1999
  • 市民参加はなぜ必要なのか
    森林環境保全マニュアル(朝倉書店) 1996
  • 北方林
    森林科学(朝倉書店) 1994
  • Boreal Forest
    Forest Science 1994
  • ソ連極東における森林経営と林産業の現状
    かわりゆく太平洋地域の森林.森林史学会 1992
  • The Current State of Forest Management and Industry in the Soviet Far East
    Changing Pacific Forest)(Forest History Society 1992


  • 先進諸国の生態系管理に関する研究
    1997 -2001
  • Joint Research of Eosystem Management in the developed Comtries
    1997 -2001
  • ロシア森林保全政策に関する研究
  • Joint Research on Forest Conservation Policy of Russia


Awards & Honors

  • 2002/03 日本林学会 日本林学会賞
    受賞者: 柿澤 宏昭
  • 2002 林業経済学会 林業経済学会学術賞
    受賞者: 柿澤 宏昭
  • 1995 森林計画学会賞

Research Grants & Projects

  • 森林を基盤とした地域再生のための自治体戦略の策定・実行手法の研究
    Date (from‐to) : 2016/04 -2019/03 
    Author : 柿澤 宏昭
  • 生態系管理政策の研究
  • 森林経営への市民参加に関する研究
  • ロシアの森林政策と林産業に関する研究
  • Study on Ecosystem Management
  • Study of Public participation system of forest management
  • Study on Forest Policy and Forest Industries of Russia

Educational Activities

Teaching Experience

  • Mitigation of Global Warming Effect
    開講年度 : 2021
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 農学院
    キーワード : 炭素循環、窒素循環、陸域生態系、森林、農地、湿地、泥炭地、永久凍土、土壌、植物、微生物、大気、二酸化炭素、亜酸化窒素、メタン、オゾン、施肥、収穫、耕うん、焼畑、植林、再植林、森林改変、森林火災、環境撹乱、熱帯、温帯、北方、水循環、水資源、バイオマスエネルギー、バイオマス製品、環境ガバナンス
  • Inter-Graduate School Classes(General Subject):Natural and Applied Sciences
    開講年度 : 2021
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 大学院共通科目
    キーワード : 生態系管理、流域保全、森林修復、自然資源政策、専門家、緑地管理
  • Advanced Integrated Landscape Management
    開講年度 : 2021
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 農学院
    キーワード : 生態系管理、流域保全、森林修復、自然資源政策、専門家、緑地管理
  • Forest Policy
    開講年度 : 2021
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 農学部
    キーワード : 森林と社会、森林政策、森林史、海外森林・林業、森林行政
  • Forest Sociology
    開講年度 : 2021
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 農学部
    キーワード : 林業、環境、森林政策、社会、持続的発展、地域
  • Practical Field Work on Forest Management
    開講年度 : 2021
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 農学部
    キーワード : 人工林、密度管理、間伐、作業システム
  • Graduation Thesis
    開講年度 : 2021
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 農学部
    キーワード : 森林科学に関する研究、主体性、まとめる能力、伝える能力、質問への応答能力、
  • Seminar on Forest ScienceⅠ
    開講年度 : 2021
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 農学部
    キーワード : 森林科学、論理構築、発表技法、論文読解法、ゼミナール
  • Seminar on Forest ScienceⅡ
    開講年度 : 2021
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 農学部
    キーワード : 森林科学、論理構築、発表技法、論文読解法、ゼミナール
  • Practical Field Work on Silviculture and Forest Conservation
    開講年度 : 2021
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 農学部
    キーワード : 流域保全、資源利用、森林と地域社会、自然災害の軽減・修復
  • Exercise of Forest Planning
    開講年度 : 2021
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 農学部
    キーワード : 毎?調査、空中写真、GIS、人工林施業、林業の収益性、森林整備計画、ゾーニング
  • Forest Planning
    開講年度 : 2021
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 農学部
    キーワード : 持続可能な森林経営、林業法律、森林施業、森林?地、森林管理、森林施業、測樹学・森林航測
  • Forestry Conservation Policy
    開講年度 : 2021
    課程区分 : 専門職大学院
    開講学部 : 公共政策学教育部
    キーワード : 森林、環境保全、政策、社会、持続可能性、ガバナンス、山村、林業、林産業、生物多様性保全

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