Researcher Database

Shoshiro Minobe
Faculty of Science Earth and Planetary Sciences Earth and Planetary Dynamics
Professor

Researcher Profile and Settings

Affiliation

  • Faculty of Science Earth and Planetary Sciences Earth and Planetary Dynamics

Job Title

    Professor

URL

ORCID ID

  • 0000-0002-9487-9006

Association Memberships

  • JAPAN GEOSCIENCE UNION   American Meteorological Society   American Geophysical Union   (2) The Meteorological Society of Japan    The Oceanographic Society of Japan   

Research Activities

Published Papers

Conference Activities & Talks

  • Ocean-to-atmosphere Influence in Mid-latitudes Revealed by Satellite Observations and Other High-resolution Data: Scale-separation Strategy.  [Invited]
    Shoshiro Minobe
    AOGS annual meeting,  2014/07
  • Diurnal precipitation variability over the Gulf Stream and the Kuroshio. Climate implications of frontal scale air-sea interaction  [Invited]
    Shoshiro Minobe and Shogo Takebayashi
    Climate implications of frontal scale air-sea interaction  2013/08
  • Regional secular trends in a new global gridded phosphate dataset  [Invited]
    Shoshiro Minobe and Yutaka Hosoya
    WCRP/CLIVAR Second International Symposium on Boundary Current Dynamics  2013/07
  • Ocean to atmosphere feedback in mid-latitudes over western boundary currents  [Invited]
    Shoshiro Minobe
    CLIVAR/WCRP Workshop on Decadal and Multi-decadal Variability in Pacific and Indian Ocean, First Institute of Oceanography in Qingdao  2012/09
  • Regional influence of basin-scale wind stress variability via jet-trapped Rossby waves in the western North Pacific.  [Invited]
    Shoshiro Minobe, Yoshi N. Sasaki, Niklas Schneider, Yuji Miura
    International Workshop Development and Application of Regional Climate Models-II  2012/04
  • Regional secular trends in a new global gridded phosphate and oxygen dataset  [Invited]
    Shoshiro Minobe and Yutaka Hosoya
    PICES 2011  2011/10
  • Influence of the Kuroshio in the East China Sea on the troposphere.  [Invited]
    Minobe S., M. Miyashita, T. Asai, M. Inatsu, A. Kuwano-Yoshida, H. Tokinaga, and S.-P. Xie
    In International Symposium on Boundary Current Dynamics: its connection with open-ocean and coastal processes and responses to global climate change  2010/05
  • Atmospheric response to the Gulf Stream: Seasonal variations.  [Invited]
    Minobe S., M. Miyashita, A Kuwano-Yoshida, H. Tokinaga, and S.-P Xie,
    Ocean Science Meeting  2010/02
  • Meridional eddy heat transport estimations using satellite data and eddy resolving OGCM.   [Invited]
    Minobe S., K. Aoki, Y. Tanimoto, Y. N. Sasaki and Y. Sasai
    Workshop for “Mesoscale eddies and their roles in North Pacific ecosystems” in PICES annual meeting  2009/10
  • Influence of the Kuroshio in the East China Sea on the atmosphere.   [Invited]
    Minobe, S., T. Asai, M. Miyashita, K. Takatama, and M. Inatsu
    The 15th Pacific-Asian Marginal Seas Meeting.  2009/04
  • Influence of the Gulf Stream on the troposphere.  [Invited]
    Shoshiro Minobe
    U.S. CLIVAR Western Boundary Current Workshop.  2009/01
  • Anomalous SST warming over Kuroshio-Oyashio extensions from 1999 to 2001 and its possible ocean to atmosphere influence.  [Not invited]
    Shoshiro Minobe
    Climate Change: Past and Future.   2006/11
  • What is a Regime Shift? Semantics and recent indicators.  [Invited]
    Overland, J., R. Rodionov, N. Bond, and S. Minobe
    Climate variability and ecosystem impacts on the North Pacific: A basin-scale synthesis.   2006/04
  • Scale interactions of climate and marine ecosystems.  [Invited]
    Shoshiro Minobe
    PICES/CLIVAR Workshop  2004/10
  • Pacific decadal variability: A review.   [Invited]
    Minobe, S., N. Schneider, C. Deser, Z. Liu, N. Mantua, H. Nakamura, and M. Nonaka
    CLIVAR 2004  2004/06
  • Climate regime shift in the North Pacific.   [Invited]
    Shoshiro Minobe
    Historical transition and its future of ocean marine ecosystem.  2003/12
  • Influence of decadal Arctic Oscillation on Japan (East) sea and Okhotsk sea.  [Invited]
    Shoshiro Minobe
    P04 Arctic environment change (IAPSO, IAMAS, IAHS)  2003/07
  • Interannual to interdecadal variations in Hadley and Walker circulations.   [Invited]
    Shoshiro Minobe
    The Hadley Circulation: Present, Past and Future.  2002/11
  • Atmospheric circulation changes in 1998/99 over the North Pacific.  [Invited]
    Shoshiro Minobe
    PICES CCCC - GLOBEC Joint, Coupled biophysical processes, fisheries, and climate variability in coastal and oceanic ecosystems of the North Pacific. North Pacific Marine Science Organization (PICES) 11th Annual meeting,   2002/10
  • Decadal variability and large-scale air-sea interaction.   [Invited]
    Minobe, S, T. Suga, T. Watanabe, Y. Tanimoto, and K. Hanawa,
    Symposium for “Recent Progress in Physical Oceanography in Japan", Oceanographic Soc.  2002/10
  • Wavelet analysis of Pacific Decadal Oscillation and North Atlantic Osillation.  [Invited]
    Shoshiro Minobe
    workshop Camp-GLOBEC  2002/02
  • Co-variability between the Pacific pentadecadal oscillation and length of day.   [Invited]
    Shoshiro Minobe
    Symposium for Arctic Environmental Changes  2001/03
  • Interdecadal SST and SLP variability in the North Pacific  [Invited]
    Minobe, S., T. Manabe, and A. Shouji
    International workshop on “Preparation, processing and use of historical marine meteorological data”  2000/11
  • Pacific pentadecadal oscillation: its nature and impact.   [Invited]
    Shoshiro Minobe
    “Interdecadal/interannual variability in the Pacific Ocean”, American Geophysical Union (AGU)/Western Pacific Geophysical Meeting (WPGM)  2000/06
  • Spatio-temporal structure of the pentadecadal and bidecadal variability over the North Pacific.  [Invited]
    Shoshiro Minobe
    "The nature and impacts of North Pacific climate regime shifts (Science board symposium), North Pacific Marine Science Organization (PICES) 8th Annual meeting,  1999/10
  • “Resonance in bidecadal and pentadecadal climate oscillations over the North Pacific : Role in climatic regime shifts “   [Invited]
    Shoshiro Minobe
    The workshop on “The development of the next-generation climate models.”  1999/03
  • ”Bidecadal and pentadecadal Oscillations over the North Pacific ”,  [Invited]
    Shoshiro Minobe
    TRIANGLE ’98  1998/09
  • Bidecadal and pentadecadal climatic oscillations over the North Pacific and North America.  [Invited]
    Shoshiro Minobe
    Hawaiian Winter Workshop on "Biotic impacts of extratropical climate change in the Pacific",  1998/01
  • Bidecadal and pentadecadal climatic oscillations over the North Pacific and North America.  [Invited]
    Shoshiro Minobe
    IAMAS/IAPSO joint symposium JPM3 "Decadal and interdecadal variations in the Pacific", IAMAS/IAPSO Joint Assembly  1997/07
  • “ Interdecadal Climatic Variability over the North Pacific “   [Invited]
    Shoshiro Minobe
    International Arctic Research Center, Science Plan Symposium  1997
  • A 50-70 year climatic oscillation over the North Pacific and North America.  [Invited]
    Shoshiro Minobe
    Science board symposium, North Pacific Marine Science Organization (PICES), 5th Annual meeting,  1996/10

Awards & Honors

  • 2016/08   Prime minister of Japan   Ninth National Maritime Awards Released
       Study on physical interaction between the ocean and the atmosphere  
    Winner: Shoshiro Minobe

Research Grants & Projects

  • Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology:Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research(基盤研究(B))
    Date (from‐to) : 2007 -2009 
    Author : Shoshiro MINOBE
     
    北海道大学We reported in a cover article of Nature (13 Mar. 2008) that the Gulf Stream causes a series of atmospheric responses, not limited to the atmospheric boundary layer, but penetrate to the free troposphere. Also, we found two different atmospheric modes, i.e., the shallow heating mode prominent in winter and the deep heating mode in summer. The difference of the summer and winter atmospheric responses is associated with the atmospheric stability between the two seasons. A long-term numerical integration of an Atmosphere-Ocean Coupled General Circulation model realistically reproduces major features of the recent satellite surface-wind observations. Furthermore, the first observational evidence of wave breaking, which is expected to cause low sea-surface temperatures, associated with ocean tide is obtained.
  • Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology:Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research(基盤研究(C))
    Date (from‐to) : 2003 -2006 
    Author : Shoshiro MINOBE
     
    北海道大学A number of studies are conducted for a climate change over the North Pacific around 1998/99, as well as climate studies which may be a basis of understanding of such a rapid climate change. Here, some major results are described.The principal investigator of this research proposed previously that climatic regime shifts over the North Pacific appeared to be caused as synchronization between a 20-year oscillation and 50-70-year oscillation. In order to understand some basic mechanism of such resonance, a simple delayed oscillator model with periodic modulation of nonlinear feedback and that with periodic forcing are investigated. The basic mechanism of the nonlinear resonance associated with a concept of threshold has been clarified.It was found that substantial changes of sea-ice occurred around 1998/99 in marginal seas around the North Pacific. In the Bering Sea, spring sea-ice reduced around 1999 in the eastern Bering Sea. This change was likely to be caused by a low-pressure anomaly over Alaska. In the Okhotsk Sea, although long-term trend of sea-ice reduction continued until the mid-1990s, in the late 1990s and the early 2000s, sea-ice areas were larger than usual. It was found that for this long-term fluctuation of sea-ice, atmospheric conditions in autumn, not in winter previous studies focused, are important.For large-scale oceanic frontal zones, SST changes including those associated with 1998/99 change were investigated using a newly gridded high-resolution SST data (The dataset is available through the internet. You can find via google with "Minobe Maeda 1dg SST"). It was found that the subtropical front exhibited a large change in 1998/99, but not in the subpolar front. This is in contrast to the 1970s climatic regime shift, when a signal is more prominent in the subpolar front.Also, it is found that the winter strength of the Aleutian Low, which is a major atmospheric circulation changes associated with the regime shifts, exhibits bimodality after removal of a linear trend. This suggests that the nonlinear feedback is important in the climate feedback underlying the regime shifts.

Educational Activities

Teaching Experience

  • 海洋気候物理学特論Ⅰ
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 理学院
  • Inter-Graduate School Classes(General Subject):Natural and Applied Sciences
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 大学院共通科目
    キーワード : 地球生命史, 生物進化, 地球環境変化, 気候変動, 生物大量絶滅, 生物多様性, 古生物科学, 地質年代
  • 海洋気候物理学特論Ⅱ
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 理学院
  • Advanced Physical Oceanography and Climatology
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 理学院
    キーワード : 統計データ解析
  • Physics for Ocean Climate
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 理学部
    キーワード : 気候変動・変化,海洋,循環,波動,大気海洋相互作用
  • Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography
    開講年度 : 2017
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 理学部
    キーワード : 気候変動・変化,海洋,循環,波動,大気海洋相互作用

Campus Position History

  • 2017年4月1日 
    2019年3月31日 
    研究戦略室室員
  • 2017年4月1日 
    2019年3月31日 
    総長補佐

Position History

  • 2017年4月1日 
    2019年3月31日 
    研究戦略室室員
  • 2017年4月1日 
    2019年3月31日 
    総長補佐


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