Researcher Database

Masaru Kato
Faculty of Environmental Earth Science Materials Science Molecular Materials Chemistry
Associate Professor

Researcher Profile and Settings


  • Faculty of Environmental Earth Science Materials Science Molecular Materials Chemistry

Job Title

  • Associate Professor


J-Global ID

Research Interests

  • Protein film electrochemistry   電気化学   電極触媒   

Research Areas

  • Nanotechnology/Materials / Inorganic and coordination chemistry

Educational Organization

Research Activities

Published Papers

  • Sayuki Oka, Masaru Kato, Soichiro Yoshimoto, Ichizo Yagi
    Chemistry Letters 53 (2) upad041  0366-7022 2024/02 [Refereed][Not invited]
    Effects of enantioselective interactions on redox reactions of chiral molecules were studied using Au single crystal electrodes modified with amino acids. The redox peak current densities of R(+)- or S(−)-N, N-dimethyl-1-ferrocenylethylamine on Au(111) modified with L- or D-homocysteine (L-/D-Hcy) depended on the combination of these chiralities. Hcy/Au(100) showed no dependence on redox peak current densities. The difference in the molecular arrangement of Hcy between Au(111) and Au(100) greatly affects enantioselective redox reactions at the electrode interface.
  • Yang Deng, Masaru Kato, Jinhang Zheng, Chuanping Feng, Ichizo Yagi
    Electrochimica Acta 470 143301 - 143301 0013-4686 2023/12 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • Xin Zheng, Masaru Kato, Yohei Uemura, Daiju Matsumura, Ichizo Yagi, Kiyonori Takahashi, Shin-ichiro Noro, Takayoshi Nakamura
    Inorganic Chemistry 2023/01/23
  • Masaru Kato, Ryoya Sano, Narumi Yoshida, Masatoshi Iwafuji, Yoshito Nishiyama, Sayuki Oka, Kyoko Shinzawa-Itoh, Yuya Nishida, Yasunori Shintani, Ichizo Yagi
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 13 (39) 9165 - 9170 1948-7185 2022/10/06
  • Abinash Chandro Sarker, Masaru Kato, Ichizo Yagi
    Electrochimica Acta 425 140628 - 140628 0013-4686 2022/09 
    We report the preparation of Pt and/or Pd nanoparticle-deposited fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) electrodes by an arc-plasma deposition (APD) technique and their electrocatalytic activity for nitrate (NO3–), nitrite (NO2–), nitric oxide (NO), and nitrous oxide (N2O) reduction reactions in acidic media. Cyclic voltammetry of the electrodes revealed that the co-presence of Pt and Pd on FTO showed higher catalytic activity than Pt or Pd on FTO for the NO3– reduction reaction, where the PtPd/Sn interface acts as the catalytic active site. The PtPd/Sn interface also showed higher catalytic activity for the N2O reduction reaction to dinitrogen than the Pt/Sn or Pd/Sn interfaces, whereas it showed no drastic contribution to the electrocatalytic NO2– and NO reduction reactions. Because the NO3– and N2O reduction reaction occur in the potential region of hydrogen adsorption on Pt and Pd electrodes, the PtPd/Sn interface could enhance NO3– and N2O adsorption and/or suppress the hydrogen adsorption. Our findings will be useful for the design of interfaces between noble metal mixture/alloy nanoparticles and Sn, leading to the practical application of denitrification to harmless dinitrogen.
  • Akinobu Yamaguchi, Naoya Akamatsu, Shunya Saegusa, Ryo Nakamura, Yuichi Utsumi, Masaru Kato, Ichizo Yagi, Tomoko Ishihara, Masaki Oura
    RSC Advances 12 (17) 10425 - 10430 2022/04 
    The electrochemical Ni deposition at a platinum electrode was investigated in a plating nickel bath in the presence and absence of ethylene glycol (EG) using fluorescence yield soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy (FY-XAS) in the Ni L2,3-edge and O K-edge regions under potential control. At ≤+0.35 V vs. the reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE), the electrochemical Ni deposition was detected by the Ni L2,3-edge FY-XAS in the presence of EG whereas almost no such event was observed in the absence of EG. A drastic decrease of FY-XAS intensities in the O K-edge region was also observed in the presence of EG at >+0.35 V vs. RHE, suggesting that the nano-/micro-structured Ni deposition initiated by the removal of water molecules occurs on the Pt electrode. The complex formation of Ni2+ with EG and the adsorption of EG on the Ni surface could play an important role in the Ni deposition. This study demonstrates that the in situ FY-XAS is a powerful and surface-sensitive technique to understand (electro)chemical reactions including polyol synthesis and electrocatalysis at solid-liquid interfaces.
  • Masaru KATO, Ichizo YAGI
    Denki Kagaku 90 (1) 16 - 20 2433-3255 2022/03/05 [Not refereed]
  • Koki Matsumoto, Masaru Kato, Ichizo Yagi, Siqi Xie, Kiyotaka Asakura, Shin-ichiro Noro, Norimitsu Tohnai, Stéphane Campidelli, Takashi Hayashi, Akira Onoda
    Chemistry – A European Journal 28 (5) e202103545  0947-6539 2022 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • Masaru Kato, Yoshimi Iguchi, Tianchi Li, Yuta Kato, Yu Zhuang, Kotaro Higashi, Tomoya Uruga, Takahiro Saida, Keiko Miyabayashi, Ichizo Yagi
    ACS Catalysis 12 259 - 264 2155-5435 2021/12/15 [Refereed][Not invited]
    We report the preparation, oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) electrocatalytic activity, and structural transformation of Pt-Ni nanowires (NWs) during potential cycles in the presence and absence of Pt-Ni nanoparticles (NPs). The ORR activity of NWs increases over 25000 potential cycles in the presence of NPs, involving the structural transformation of NWs to branched nanostructures assisted by Ostwald ripening of NPs. This structural transformation is coupled with the surface electronic structural change, as confirmed by in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy and carbon monoxide stripping voltammetry, leading to catalytic activity improvement and Pt dissolution suppression. Although a similar structural transformation was also observed even in the absence of NPs, greater amounts of Pt were dissolved during potential cycles. These results indicate that the structural transformation is intrinsic to Pt-based NWs but the structural transformation of NWs assisted by Ostwald ripening of NPs is beneficial to suppress the Pt dissolution. The concept of the structural optimization of nanostructured catalysts assisted by Ostwald ripening of NPs under potential cycles will guide us to develop highly active and durable Pt-based electrocatalysts and phase-engineered nanomaterials.
  • Masaru Kato, Yuki Unuma, Manabu Okui, Yunteng Qu, Jinhang Zheng, Satoshi Taguchi, Fumiya Kiguchi, Mashu Torihata, Yunzhi Gao, Nagahiro Hoshi, Ichizo Yagi
    Electrochimica Acta 139281 - 139281 0013-4686 2021/12 [Refereed]
  • Satoshi Yasuda, Kazuhisa Tamura, Masaru Kato, Hidehito Asaoka, Ichizo Yagi
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 125 22154 - 22162 1932-7447 2021/10/04
  • Masaru Kato, Yuya Masuda, Narumi Yoshida, Takehiko Tosha, Yoshitsugu Shiro, Ichizo Yagi
    Electrochimica Acta 373 137888 - 137888 0013-4686 2021/03 [Refereed]
  • Masaru Kato, Natsuki Fujibayashi, Daiki Abe, Naohiro Matsubara, Satoshi Yasuda, Ichizo Yagi
    ACS Catalysis 11 2356 - 2365 2021/02/19 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • Masaru Kato, Yukatsu Shichibu, Kazuya Ogura, Mitsuhiro Iwasaki, Mizuho Sugiuchi, Katsuaki Konishi, Ichizo Yagi
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 11 (19) 7996 - 8001 1948-7185 2020/10/01 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • Masaru Kato, Ryota Nakahoshiba, Kazuya Ogura, Shoichi Tokuda, Satoshi Yasuda, Kotaro Higashi, Tomoya Uruga, Yohei Uemura, Ichizo Yagi
    ACS Applied Energy Materials 3 (7) 6768 - 6774 2020/07/27 [Refereed][Not invited]
    Pt-based nanostructures immobilized on carbon supports have been widely used as electrocatalysts. Their catalytic activity can be improved by support modification including nitrogen doping and coating with nitrogen-containing polymers, where nitrogen atoms possibly interact with surface Pt atoms at a catalyst/support interface. To understand electronic effects of nitrogen-doped and polymer-coated carbon supports on the catalytic activity of Pt-based nanostructured catalysts, we prepared Pt3Ni nanoframes (NFs) supported on polybenzimidazole (PBI)-coated and uncoated carbon nanotubes for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), and then compared their catalytic activities and electronic properties with those of NFs immobilized on nitrogen-doped and undoped carbon supports. Although both PBI-coating and nitrogen-doping approaches improved the catalytic activity of NFs, ex situ X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy revealed that nitrogen doping showed electronic effects on NFs, whereas PBI-coating showed almost no impact on the electronic state of NFs but stabilized Pt(OH)ad species under electrochemical conditions. Our studies demonstrate that difference in microscopic environments of nitrogen atoms at the catalyst/support interface is highly sensitive to the electronic effects of supports on Pt-based electrocatalysts.
  • Masaru Kato
    e-Journal of Surface Science and Nanotechnology 18 81 - 93 1348-0391 2020/03/14 [Refereed][Not invited]
    Polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs) are a clean, sustainable device to convert chemical energy to electricity and can provide power for automobiles, trains, and ships. In PEFCs, the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) occurs at the cathode and is catalyzed at electrocatalysts. The activity of ORR electrocatalysts is known to limit the overall performance of PEFCs because the ORR is more sluggish than the hydrogen oxidation reaction at the anode. In the state-of-the-art PEFC, platinum group metal (PGM)-based ORR electrocatalysts are used. Since PGMs are rare and expensive, highly active and durable non-PGM ORR electrocatalysts are required for widespread applications of PEFCs. In nature, metalloenzymes such as cytochrome c oxidase and multicopper oxidases efficiently catalyze the ORR and utilize multinuclear iron and/or copper complexes as active sites. The structure of these active sites and enzyme reaction mechanisms would give us design concepts of artificial non-PGM electrocatalysts for the ORR, possibly leading us to develop next-generation non-PGM electrocatalysts. Herein, recent research progress on understanding enzymatic ORR reaction mechanisms and developing non-PGM ORR electrocatalysts is reviewed from the viewpoint of bio-inspired approaches.
  • Satoshi Yasuda, Kazuhisa Tamura, Tomo-o Terasawa, Masahiro Yano, Hideaki Nakajima, Takahiro Morimoto, Toshiya Okazaki, Ryuushi Agari, Yasufumi Takahashi, Masaru Kato, Ichizo Yagi, Hidehito Asaoka
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 124 (9) 5300 - 5307 1932-7447 2020/03/05 [Refereed][Not invited]
    Confinement of hydrogen molecules at graphene-substrate interface has presented significant importance from the viewpoints of development of fundamental understanding of two-dimensional material interface and energy storage system. In this study, we investigate H-2 confinement at a graphene-Au interface by combining selective proton permeability of graphene and the electrochemical hydrogen evolution reaction (electrochemical HER) method. After HER on a graphene/Au electrode in protonic acidic solution, scanning tunneling microscopy finds that H-2 nanobubble structures can be produced between graphene and the Au surface. Defect dependence of the bubble formation suggests that intrinsic defects in graphene, which have high hydrogen permeation barrier but are permeable for protons, are involved in the fundamental mechanism of bubble formation. Strain analysis by Raman spectroscopy also shows that atomic size roughness on the graphene/Au surface originating from the HER-induced strain relaxation of graphene plays significant role in formation of the nucleation site and H-2 storage capacity. The result presented herein would provide further understanding of molecular confinement at graphene-based interface and development of novel energy material.
  • Real-Time Monitoring of Low Pressure Oxygen Molecules over Wide Temperature Range: Feasibility of Ultrathin Hybrid Films of Iridium(III) Complexes and Clay Nanosheets
    Hisako Sato, Kazuyoshi Takimoto, Masaru Kato, Shin-ichi Nagaoka, Kenji Tamura, Akihiko Yamagishi
    Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 93 (doi:10.1246/bcsj.20190277) 194 - 199 2020 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • Masaru Kato, Keita Kon, Jun Hirayama, Ichizo Yagi
    New Journal of Chemistry 43 (25) 10087 - 10092 2019 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • Masaru Kato, Ai Araki, Yuki Hara, Satoshi Taguchi, Ichizo Yagi
    Electrochemistry 86 (5) 220 - 222 2018/08 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • Masaru Kato, Shogo Nakagawa, Takehiko Tosha, Yoshitsugu Shiro, Yuya Masuda, Kou Nakata, Ichizo Yagi
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters American Chemical Society ({ACS}) 9 5195 - 5200 2018/08 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • Masaru Kato, Kazuya Ogura, Shogo Nakagawa, Shoichi Tokuda, Kiyonori Takahashi, Takayoshi Nakamura, Ichizo Yagi
    ACS Omega 3 (8) 9052 - 9059 2470-1343 2018/08 [Refereed][Not invited]
    Pt-based nanostructured electrocatalysts supported on carbon black have been widely studied for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), which occurs at the cathode in polymer electrolyte fuel cells. Because sluggish ORR kinetics are known to govern the cell performance, there is a need to develop highly active and durable electrocatalysts. The ORR activity of Pt-based electrocatalysts can be improved by controlling their morphology and alloying Pt with transition metals such as Ni. Improving the catalyst durability remains challenging and there is a lack of catalyst design concepts and synthetic strategies. We report the enhancement of the ORR activity and durability of a nanostructured Pt-Ni electrocatalyst by strong metal/support interactions with a nitrogen-doped carbon (NC) support. Pt-Ni rhombic dodecahedral nanoframes (NFs) were immobilized on the NC support and showed higher ORR electrocatalytic activity and durability in acidic media than that supported on a nondoped carbon black. Durability tests demonstrated that NF/NC showed almost no activity loss even after 50 000 potential cycles under catalytic conditions, and the Ni dissolution from the NFs was suppressed at the NC support, as confirmed by, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis. Physicochemical measurements including surface-enhanced infrared absorption spectroscopy of surface-adsorbed CO revealed that the strong metal/support interactions of the NF with the NC support caused the downshift of the d-band center position of the surface Pt. Our findings demonstrate that tuning the electronic structure of nanostructured Pt alloy electrocatalysts via the strong metal/support interactions with heteroatom-doped carbon supports will allow the development of highly active and robust electrocatalysts.
  • Masaru Kato, Marika Muto, Naohiro Matsubara, Yohei Uemura, Yuki Wakisaka, Tsubasa Yoneuchi, Daiju Matsumura, Tomoko Ishihara, Takashi Tokushima, Shin-ichiro Noro, Satoru Takakusagi, Kiyotaka Asakura, Ichizo Yagi
    ACS Applied Energy Materials American Chemical Society ({ACS}) 1 (5) 2358 - 2364 2018/05 [Refereed][Not invited]
    Multinuclear metal active sites are widely used as catalytic reaction centers in metalloenzymes and generally show high catalytic activity. For example, laccases are known to catalyze the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) to water at a multinuclear copper site with almost no energy loss. The ORR is an important reaction not only in oxygenic respiration but also in future energy generation devices such as polymer electrolyte fuel cells and metal-air batteries. For large-scale commercialization of these devices, there is a need to develop highly active ORR electrocatalysts based on nonprecious metals. Incorporation of multinuclear metal active sites in conductive materials such as carbon will allow us to develop highly active electrocatalysts like metalloenzymes. However, such methods had not been established yet. Herein, we report a copper-based ORR electrocatalyst with multinuclear copper active sites in nitrogen-doped graphene. The electrocatalyst was synthesized from the mixture of graphene oxide and a multinuclear copper complex in a short-period heating method. Electrochemical measurements revealed that the obtained electrocatalyst showed the highest electrocatalytic activity for the ORR in the Cu-based electrocatalysts in neutral aqueous solution. Physicochemical measurements including in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy revealed the incorporation of multinuclear copper sites. Our synthetic approach will offer guidance for developing highly active electrocatalysts utilizing multinuclear metal sites not only for the ORR but also for other electrocatalytic reactions.
  • 表面増強赤外吸収分光法による電極/溶液界面における反応計測
    八木一三, 加藤優, 中田耕, 中川省吾
    分光研究 67 (2) 41 - 56 2018/04 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • Masaru Kato, Hisako Sato, Ichizo Yagi, Miwa Sugiura
    Electrochimica Acta 264 386 - 392 0013-4686 2018/02/20 [Refereed][Not invited]
    Photosynthesis converts solar energy into chemical energy. Photosystem II (PSII) oxidizes water to produce oxygen, electrons and protons under solar light irradiation. This light-driven water oxidation initiates a series of reactions in photosynthesis. Basic photoelectrochemical studies on PSII are directed toward the enzymatic applications of PSII for sustainable production of electricity or solar fuels. To maximize the photoelectrochemical catalytic activity of PSII on electrode substrates, interfacial designs between PSII and electrode substrates are important. Herein, we report bio-inorganic photoanodes of PSII and ferricyanide-intercalated layered double hydroxide (LDH) for visible-light-driven water oxidation. PSII is simply drop-cast onto a ferricyanide-intercalated cobalt–aluminum LDH and then shows a turnover frequency of 0.5 ± 0.1 s−1 and a turnover number of 920 ± 40 for 1 h at pH 6.5 at +0.5 V vs. NHE under visible light irradiation. Photoelectrochemical experiments using a PSII inhibitor or a bio-engineered PSII suggest that interfacial electron transfer from the plastoquinone QA site of PSII to ferricyanide may play an important role in improving the photo-electrocatalytic activity and stability of PSII. Our studies will open up new possibilities in fundamental or advanced photoelectrochemical studies of PSII.
  • Tomoko Ishihara, Takashi Tokushima, Yuka Horikawa, Masaru Kato, Ichizo Yagi
    REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS 88 (10) 104101  0034-6748 2017/10 [Refereed][Not invited]
    We developed a spectro-electrochemical cell for X-ray absorption and X-ray emission spectroscopy, which are element-specific methods to study local electronic structures in the soft X-ray region. In the usual electrochemical measurement setup, the electrode is placed in solution, and the surface/interface region of the electrode is not normally accessible by soft X-rays that have low penetration depth in liquids. To realize soft X-ray observation of electrochemical reactions, a 15-nm-thick Pt layer was deposited on a 150-nm-thick film window with an adhesive 3-nm-thick Ti layer for use as both the working electrode and the separator window between vacuum and a sample liquid under atmospheric pressure. The designed three-electrode electrochemical cell consists of a Pt film on a SiC window, a platinized Pt wire, and a commercial Ag vertical bar AgCl electrode as the working, counter, and reference electrodes, respectively. The functionality of the cell was tested by cyclic voltammetry and X-ray absorption and emission spectroscopy. As a demonstration, the electroplating of Pb on the Pt/SiC membrane window was measured by X-ray absorption and real-time monitoring of fluorescence intensity at the O 1s excitation. Published by AIP Publishing.
  • Masaru Kato, Manabu Okui, Satoshi Taguchi, Ichizo Yagi
    JOURNAL OF ELECTROANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY 800 46 - 53 1572-6657 2017/09 [Refereed][Not invited]
    Nitrate anion is one of the main nitrogen-containing-pollutants in groundwater and can be removed" using denitrification systems including electrocatalytic systems. Herein we report on electrocatalytic nitrate reduction catalyzed on tin-modified single crystalline electrodes of palladium, platinum and palladium-platinum alloy in acidic and neutral media. We have prepared electrodes with the (111) surface or the (100) surface and modified their surface with tin. Cyclic voltammetry of the electrodes has revealed that the tin-modified alloy (trimetallic) electrodes show higher electrocatalytic activity than the tin-modified platinum or palladium (bimetallic) electrodes, and the catalytic reaction is more efficiently catalyzed on the (100) surface rather than the (111) surface. The tin-modified PdPt(100) electrode shows the highest catalytic activity in acidic media as well as in neutral media. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy suggests that metallic tin forms on the (100) surface, but divalent tin species on the (111) surface, indicating that a surface alloy of tin may form on the (100) surface, resulting in enhancement of the electrocatalytic activity. Our findings suggest that design and preparation of ternary metallic electrodes with the (100) surface will pave the way to the development of practical systems on electrocatalytic denitrification. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • Masaru Kato, Takeshi Murotani, Ichizo Yagi
    CHEMISTRY LETTERS 45 (10) 1213 - 1215 0366-7022 2016/10 [Refereed][Not invited]
    We report an Fe/Cu/N-doped carbon electrocatalyst for the oxygen reduction reaction to water. Pyrolysis of metal precursors supported on oxidized carbon black provides the electrocatalyst with high catalytic activity and selectivity. Detailed physical-chemical studies have revealed that the. copresence of iron and copper catalytic sites in carbon in a 1:1 mole ratio, which is the same as that of an enzyme of cytochrome c oxidase, might be the key to synthesize highly active and selective electrocatalysts.
  • Masaru Kato, Nobuhisa Oyaizu, Katsuaki Shimazu, Ichizo Yagi
    JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C 120 (29) 15814 - 15822 1932-7447 2016/07 [Refereed][Invited]
    We report two-dimensional model systems to study the electrocatalytic activities of dinuclear copper complexes for various electrocatalytic reactions including the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), where we can use electrochemical techniques as well as surface-sensitive techniques such as X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and vibrational sum frequency generation spectroscopy. Heteroaromatic thiols, including four triazoles and a thiadiazole, are used as metal ligands as well as anchors to a polycrystalline gold electrode. The thiols are self-assembled on the polycrystalline gold electrode and then react with copper(II) ions to give monolayers of copper-based ORR catalysts on the surface. The dinuclear copper complexes of 1,2,4-triazole-3-thiol and 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole-5-thiol show ORR activity and pH-dependent catalytic behavior similar to that of counterparts supported on carbon black, suggesting that our two-dimensional systems can serve as model catalysts for carbon-supported molecular catalysts. We have also self-assembled dinuclear copper complexes with long alkyl or perfluoroalkyl chains on the surface and studied their orientation on the surface and oxygen transport.
  • Muto Marika, Kato Masaru, Yagi Ichizo
    Abstract of annual meeting of the Surface Science of Japan 公益社団法人 日本表面科学会 35 359 - 359 2015 
  • Kato Masaru, Kimijima Ken'ichi, Shibata Mari, Notsu Hideo, Ogino Kazuya, Inokuma Kiyoshi, Ohta Narumi, Oyaizu Nobuhisa, Uehara Hiromitsu, Ohba Tadashi, Uemura Yohei, Takakusagi Satoru, Asakura Kiyotaka, Yagi Ichizo
    Abstract of annual meeting of the Surface Science of Japan 公益社団法人 日本表面科学会 35 357 - 357 2015 
    固体高分子形燃料電池の酸素還元電極触媒としては主に白金系合金が用いられているが、埋蔵量やコスト面に問題を抱えているため、安価かつ高活性な非白金系酸素還元電極触媒の開発が近年盛んに行われている。本発表では、銅系酸素還元電極触媒の中で特に高い触媒活性を示す銅二核錯体触媒に着目し、その高い触媒活性を示す理由を解明するためにin situ XAFS測定を行ったので、その結果に関して報告する。
  • Masaru Kato, Ken'ichi Kimijima, Mari Shibata, Hideo Notsu, Kazuya Ogino, Kiyoshi Inokuma, Narumi Ohta, Hiromitsu Uehara, Yohei Uemura, Nobuhisa Oyaizu, Tadashi Ohba, Satoru Takakusagi, Kiyotaka Asakura, Ichizo Yagi
    PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS 17 (14) 8638 - 8641 1463-9076 2015 [Refereed][Not invited]
    A dinuclear copper(II) complex of 3,5-diamino-1,2,4-triazole is one of the highly active copper-based catalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in basic solutions. Our in situ X-ray absorption near edge structure measurements revealed that deprotonation of the triazole ligand might cause coordination geometrical changes, resulting in the enhancement of the ORR activity.
  • Hisako Sato, Miwa Ochi, Masaru Kato, Kenji Tamura, Akihiko Yamagishi
    NEW JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY 38 (12) 5715 - 5720 1144-0546 2014/12 [Refereed][Not invited]
    Multi-layered hybrid films comprised of amphiphilic cationic iridium(III) complexes and the exfoliated layers of synthetic saponite were prepared by the modified Langmuir-Blodgett method. Two iridium(III) complexes, [Ir(dfppy)(2)(dc9bpy)](+) (dfppyH = 2-(4',6'-difluorophenyl)pyridine; dc9bpy = 4,4'-dinonyl-2,2'-bipyridine) and [Ir(dfppy)(2)(dc9bpy)(+) (piqH = 1-phenyisoquinoline), were used as blue (donor) and red emitters (acceptor), respectively. A non-luminescent hybrid layer of stearylammonium and synthetic saponite was deposited in a layer-by-layer manner to vary the distance between the donor and acceptor layers. Energy transfer was analysed according to the Forster-type mechanism with a focus on the dependence of its efficiency on the interlayer distance.
  • Masaru Kato, Jenny Z. Zhang, Nicholas Paul, Erwin Reisner
    CHEMICAL SOCIETY REVIEWS 43 (18) 6485 - 6497 0306-0012 2014/09 [Refereed][Not invited]
    Photosynthesis is responsible for the sunlight-powered conversion of carbon dioxide and water into chemical energy in the form of carbohydrates and the release of O-2 as a by-product. Although many proteins are involved in photosynthesis, the fascinating machinery of Photosystem II (PSII) is at the heart of this process. This tutorial review describes an emerging technique named protein film photoelectrochemistry (PF-PEC), which allows for the light-dependent activity of PSII adsorbed onto an electrode surface to be studied. The technique is straightforward to use, does not require highly specialised and/or expensive equipment, is highly selective for the active fractions of the adsorbed enzyme, and requires a small amount of enzyme sample. The use of PF-PEC to study PSII can yield insights into its activity, stability, quantum yields, redox behaviour, and interfacial electron transfer pathways. It can also be used in PSII inhibition studies and chemical screening, which may prove useful in the development of biosensors. PSII PF-PEC cells also serve as proof-of-principle solar water oxidation systems; here, a comparison is made against PSII-inspired synthetic photocatalysts and materials for artificial photosynthesis.
  • Keiji Ohno, Tomoaki Sugaya, Masaru Kato, Noriko Matsumoto, Ryoko Fukano, Yasuyo Ogino, Sumio Kaizaki, Takashi Fujihara, Akira Nagasawa
    CRYSTAL GROWTH & DESIGN 14 (8) 3675 - 3679 1528-7483 2014/08 [Refereed][Not invited]
    Hydrous crystals of [{Pd-II(bpy)}(2)(mu-x-tart)]. nH(2)O (bpy: 2,2'-bipyridine; tartH(2)(2-): tartrate; 1a: x = L, n = 6; 2a: x = D, n = 6; 3a: x = DL, n = 4; 4a: x = meso, n = 4) and anhydrous crystals of [{Pd-II(bpy)}(2)(mu-L-tart)] (1b) were isolated from aqueous and MeOH solutions, respectively. X-ray crystallography revealed the stacked structures of clamshell-like dinuclear units in 1a-3a and 1b, where intramolecular metal metal and pi-pi stacking interactions were observed. Right- and left-handed helically stacked columns were formed in the 1a and 2a crystals, respectively. The significant role of hydrogen bonding among lattice water molecules and tartrate is suggested because 1b exhibited a zigzag arrangement only through intermolecular metal-metal interactions. In 3a, L- and D-tart units stacked alternately in a zigzag arrangement with intermolecular pi-pi interactions. In 4a, dimeric aggregates of the twisted dinuclear units further formed a 2D sheet architecture.
  • Yi-Hsuan Lai, Masaru Kato, Dirk Mersch, Erwin Reisner
    FARADAY DISCUSSIONS 176 199 - 211 1359-6640 2014 [Refereed][Not invited]
    This discussion describes a direct comparison of photoelectrochemical (PEC) water oxidation activity between a photosystem II (PSII)-functionalised photoanode and a synthetic nanocomposite photoanode. The semi-biological photoanode is composed of PSII from the thermophilic cyanobacterium Thermosynechococcus elongatus on a mesoporous indium tin oxide electrode (mesoITO| PSII). PSII embeds all of the required functionalities for light absorption, charge separation and water oxidation and ITO serves solely as the electron collector. The synthetic photoanode consists of a TiO2 and NiOx coated nanosheet-structured WO3 electrode (nanoWO(3)|TiO2|NiOx). The composite structure of the synthetic electrode allows mimicry of the functional key features in PSII: visible light is absorbed by WO3, TiO2 serves as a protection and charge separation layer and NiOx serves as the water oxidation electrocatalyst. MesoITO|PSII uses low energy red light, whereas nanoWO(3)|TiO2|NiOx requires high energy photons of blue-end visible and UV regions to oxidise water. The electrodes have a comparable onset potential at approximately 0.6 V vs. reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE). MesoITO|PSII reaches its saturation photocurrent at 0.84 V vs. RHE, whereas nanoWO(3)|TiO2|NiOx requires more than 1.34 V vs. RHE. This suggests that mesoITO|PSII suffers from fewer limitations from charge recombination and slow water oxidation catalysis than the synthetic electrode. MesoITO|PSII displays a higher 'per active' site activity, but is less photostable and displays a much lower photocurrent per geometrical surface area and incident photon to current conversion efficiency (IPCE) than nanoWO(3)|TiO2|NiOx.
  • Masaru Kato, Kei Unoura, Toshiyuki Takayanagi, Yasuhisa Ikeda, Takashi Fujihara, Akira Nagasawa
    INORGANIC CHEMISTRY 52 (23) 13375 - 13383 0020-1669 2013/12 [Refereed][Not invited]
    Five metal complexes of 2-methylisothiazol-3(2H)-one (MIO), [Co-III(NH3)(5)(MIO)](3+), [Ru-II(NH3)(5)(MIO)](2+), [Ru-III(NH3)(5)(MIO)](3+), [(PtCl3)-Cl-II(MIO)](-), and trans-[(UO2)-O-VI(NO3)(2)(MIO)(2)], were synthesized, and their structures were determined by single-crystal X-ray crystallography. MIO is an ambidentate ligand and coordinates to metal centers through its oxygen atom in the cobalt(III), ruthenium(III), and uranium(VI) complexes and through its sulfur atom in the ruthenium(II) and platinum(III) complexes. This result suggests that MIO shows preferential behavior on its donating atoms. We also studied the electron-donor abilities of the oxygen and sulfur atoms of MIO. Various physical measurements on the conjugate acid of MIO and the MIO complexes allowed us to determine an acid dissociation constant (pK(a)) and donor number (DN) for the oxygen atom of MIO and Lever's electrochemical parameter (E-L) and a relative covalency parameter (k(L)) for the sulfur atom.
  • Masaru Kato, Tanai Cardona, A. William Rutherford, Erwin Reisner
    JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY 135 (29) 10610 - 10613 0002-7863 2013/07 [Refereed][Not invited]
    Photosystem II (PSII) offers a biological and sustainable route of photochemical water oxidation to O-2 and can provide protons and electrons for the generation of solar fuels, such as H-2. We present a rational strategy to electrostatically improve the orientation of PSII from a thermophilic cyanobacterium, Thermosynechococcus elongatus, on a nanostructured indium tin oxide (ITO) electrode and to covalently immobilize PSII on the electrode. The ITO electrode was modified with a self-assembled monolayer (SAM) of phosphonic acid ITO linkers with a dangling carboxylate moiety. The negatively charged carboxylate attracts the positive dipole on the electron acceptor side of PSII via Coulomb interactions. Covalent attachment of PSII in its electrostatically improved orientation to the SAM-modified ITO electrode was accomplished via an amide bond to further enhance red-light-driven, direct electron transfer and stability of the PSII hybrid photoelectrode.
  • Kato Masaru, Sugiura Miwa
    Seibutsu Butsuri 一般社団法人 日本生物物理学会 53 (1) S147  2013
  • Fezile Lakadamyali, Anna Reynal, Masaru Kato, James R. Durrant, Erwin Reisner
    CHEMISTRY-A EUROPEAN JOURNAL 18 (48) 15464 - 15475 0947-6539 2012/11 [Refereed][Not invited]
    A visible-light driven H2 evolution system comprising of a RuII dye (RuP) and CoIII proton reduction catalysts (CoP) immobilised on TiO2 nanoparticles and mesoporous films is presented. The heterogeneous system evolves H2 efficiently during visible-light irradiation in a pH-neutral aqueous solution at 25 degrees C in the presence of a hole scavenger. Photodegradation of the self-assembled system occurs at the ligand framework of CoP, which can be readily repaired by addition of fresh ligand, resulting in turnover numbers above 300 molH2 (molCoP)-1 and above 200,000 molH2 (molTiO2 nanoparticles)-1 in water. Our studies support that a molecular Co species, rather than metallic Co or a Co-oxide precipitate, is responsible for H2 formation on TiO2. Electron transfer in this system was studied by transient absorption spectroscopy and time-correlated single photon counting techniques. Essentially quantitative electron injection takes place from RuP into TiO2 in approximately 180 ps. Thereby, upon dye regeneration by the sacrificial electron donor, a long-lived TiO2 conduction band electron is formed with a half-lifetime of approximately 0.8 s. Electron transfer from the TiO2 conduction band to the CoP catalysts occurs quantitatively on a 10 mu s timescale and is about a hundred times faster than charge-recombination with the oxidised RuP. This study provides a benchmark for future investigations in photocatalytic fuel generation with molecular catalysts integrated in semiconductors.
  • Masaru Kato, Tanai Cardona, A. William Rutherford, Erwin Reisner
    JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY 134 (20) 8332 - 8335 0002-7863 2012/05 [Refereed][Not invited]
    We report on a hybrid photoanode for water oxidation consisting of a cyanobacterial photosystem II (PSII) from Thermosynechococcus elongatus on a mesoporous indium-tin oxide (mesoITO) electrode. The three-dimensional metal oxide environment allows for high protein coverage (26 times an ideal monolayer coverage) and direct (mediator-free) electron transfer from PSII to mesoITO. The oxidation of water occurs with 1.6 +/- 0.3 mu A cm(-2) and a corresponding turnover frequency of approximately 0.18 +/- 0.04 (mol O-2) (mol PSII)(-1) s(-1) during red light irradiation. Mechanistic studies are consistent with interfacial electron transfer occurring not only from the terminal quinone Q(B), but also from the quinone Q(A) through an unnatural electron transfer pathway to the ITO surface.
  • Fezile Lakadamyali, Masaru Kato, Erwin Reisner
    FARADAY DISCUSSIONS 155 191 - 205 1359-6640 2012 [Refereed][Not invited]
    This discussion describes a study of a particulate semiconductor assembly consisting of a photoactive ruthenium dye-sensitised metal oxide nanoparticle loaded with a synthetic cobaloxime proton reduction catalyst (CoP). The colloidal system evolves H-2 during visible light illumination in pH neutral aqueous solution in the presence of a sacrificial electron donor. The ruthenium photosensitiser (RuP) to cobaloxime loading ratio is simple to vary and optimise and a range of metal oxide nanoparticles were tested. A maximum photoactivity was identified with TiO2 nanoparticles modified with CoP and RuP in a 2 : 1 ratio in the colloidal reaction mixture: visible light irradiation yielded 600 +/- 32 mmol H-2 h(-1) (g TiO2)(-1). A total turnover number of 108 +/- 9 mol H-2 (mol CoP)(-1), the evolution of 4340 +/- 240 mu mol H-2 (g TiO2)(-1) and approximately 87 mu mol H-2 (m(2) TiO2)(-1) were observed after 10 h irradiation. Linkage of the catalysts to TiO2 is critical for the system to work efficiently, and CoP and RuP contain one and two phosphonic acid linker moieties, respectively. The novel phosphonate ester analogue of CoP, [CoCl(dimethylglyoximato)(2)(diethyl pyridyl-4-phosphonate)] (1) was also synthesised and studied. Complex 1 adsorbs only to a small extent to TiO2 and a reduced H-2 production rate (182 +/- 8 mmol H-2 h(-1) (g TiO2)(-1)) was observed when 1 was irradiated with RuP-modified TiO2. Thus, the lower TiO2 affinity of 1 results in a reduced photoactivity of the dispersion. The described semiconductor particles are also presented in the light of being advantageous over more established homogenous multi-component systems and supramolecular dyad complexes: the reported semi-heterogeneous system is straightforward to assemble and it works in a purely aqueous environment.
  • Fezile Lakadamyali, Masaru Kato, Nicoleta M. Muresan, Erwin Reisner
    ANGEWANDTE CHEMIE-INTERNATIONAL EDITION 51 (37) 9381 - 9384 1433-7851 2012 [Refereed][Not invited]
  • Masaru Kato, Shinjiro Izuka, Takashi Fujihara, Akira Nagasawa, Sigenao Kawai, Tomokazu Tanaka, Toshiyuki Takayanagi
    INORGANICA CHIMICA ACTA 370 (1) 304 - 310 0020-1693 2011/05 [Refereed][Not invited]
    Structural and thermodynamic properties of biologically important metal-mugineic acid complexes have been studied from the theoretical side in order to understand the metal-chelating mechanism of phytosiderophore mugineic acid at an atomic level. Density-functional theory methods combined with the polarizable continuum model (PCM) have been employed to obtain free energies of complex formation and redox potentials for metal-mugineic acid complexes in solution. It has been found that the free energies of complex formation calculated at the B3LYP/PCM level of theory are in moderate agreement with available experimental results. The inclusion of explicit water molecules interacting with the carboxylic groups in deprotonated mugineic acid through strong hydrogen-bonds is found to further improve the calculated free energies of complex formation. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • Masaru Kato, Kazuo Hida, Takashi Fujihara, Akira Nagasawa
    EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF INORGANIC CHEMISTRY (4) 495 - 502 1434-1948 2011/02 [Refereed][Not invited]
    A dinuclear copper(II) complex, [{Cu(II)Cl(O-mi)}(2)(mu-Cl)(2)] [mi = 2-methylisothiazol-3(2H)-one], has been synthesized and its molecular structure in the solid state determined by single-crystal X-ray analysis. The crystal consists of centrosymmetric dinuclear copper(II) units in which each copper(II) ion is doubly bridged by two chloride ions and has a slightly distorted square-planar geometry with a terminal chlorido ligand and a terminal mi ligand coordinated through the oxygen atom. The dinuclear units stack one on top of another to form a one-dimensional two-leg ladder structure. The magnetic susceptibility of the powder was measured in the temperature range 3.0-302 K. It was found that there are ferromagnetic interactions along the rung (in the same direction of the intramolecule; J(rung) = +5.03 +/- 0.03 cm(-1)) and the leg (in the same direction of the intermolecule; J(leg) = +1.96 +/- 0.02 cm(-1)) and an antiferromagnetic interaction along the diagonal (J(x) = -1.36 +/- 0.02 cm(-1)), the experimental data being fitted by the numerical calculation for a twelve-site ladder Hamiltonian. In addition, DFT calculations with the UB3LYP functional on the model complex [{Cu(II)Cl(O-mi)}(2)(mu-Cl)(2)] gave an intramolecular magnetic coupling constant J = +28.6 cm(-1) and indicated that the spin-density distribution on O in mi is less than that on the terminal Cl. We conclude that the O-donor ligand at the terminal position plays an essential role in the emerging intramolecular ferromagnetic interaction.
  • Koichiro Takao, Masaru Kato, Shinobu Takao, Akira Nagasawa, Gert Bernhard, Christoph Hennig, Yasuhisa Ikeda
    INORGANIC CHEMISTRY 49 (5) 2349 - 2359 0020-1669 2010/03 [Refereed][Not invited]
    The U(VI) complex with a pentadentate Schiff base ligand (N,N'-disalicylidenediethylenetriaminate = saldien(2-)) was prepared as a starting material of a potentially stable U(V) complex without any possibility of U(V)O(2)(+)center dot center dot center dot U(V)O(2)(+) cation-cation interaction and was found in three different crystal phases. Two of them had the same composition of U(VI)O(2)(saldien)center dot DMSO in orthorhombic and monoclinic systems (DMSO = dimethyl sulfoxide, 1a and 1c, respectively). The DMSO molecule in both 1a and 1c does not show any coordination to U(VI)O(2)(saldien), but it is just present as a solvent in the crystal structures. The other isolated crystals consisted only of U(VI)O(2)(saldien) without incorporation of solvent molecules (1b, orthorhombic). A different conformation of the coordinated saldien(2-) in 1c from those in 1a and 1b was observed. The conformers exchange each other in a solution through a flipping motion of the phenyl rings. The pentagonal equatorial coordination of U(VI)O(2)(saldien) remains unchanged even in strongly Lewis-basic solvents, DMSO and N,N-dimethylformamide. Cyclic voltammetry of U(VI)O(2)(saldien) in DMSO showed a quasireversible redox reaction without any successive reactions. The electron stoichiometry determined by the UV-vis-NIR spectroelectrochemical technique is close to 1, indicating that the reduction product of U(VI)O(2)(saldien) is [U(V)O(2)(saldien)](-), which is stable in DMSO. The standard redox potential of [U(V)O(2)(saldien)](-)/U(VI)O(2)(saldien) in DMSO is -1.584 V vs Fc/Fc(+). This U(V) complex shows the characteristic absorption bands due to f-f transitions in its 5f(1) configuration and charge-transfer from the axial oxygen to U(5+).
  • Koichiro Takao, Masaru Kato, Shinobu Takao, Akira Nagasawa, Andreas C. Scheinost, Gert Bernhard, Christoph Hennig, Yasuhisa Ikeda
    ACTINIDES 2009 9 (1) 1757-8981 2010 [Refereed][Not invited]
    A U(VI) complex with N,N'-disalicylidenediethylenetriaminate (saldien(2-)) was characterized by single crystal X-ray analysis and X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) spectroscopy, and its electrochemical behavior in a DMSO solution was studied. The obtained U(VI)-saldien(2-) complex recrystallized from DMSO was identified as orthorhombic (UO2)-O-VI(saldien)center dot DMSO. All coordination sites in the equatorial plane of UO22+ are occupied by coordinating O and N atoms of saldien(2-). Comparing a k(3)-weighted U L-III-edge EXAFS spectra of (UO2)-O-VI(saldien) in DMSO and DMF solutions with that in solid state, the molecular structure of (UO2)-O-VI(saldien) remains even in the solutions. Quasi-reversible redox waves of (UO2)-O-VI(saldien) were observed at E degrees = -1.582 +/- 0.005 V vs. Fc/Fc(+) (Delta E-p = 0.080-0.170 V at v = 0.010-0.500 V.s(-1)) in DMSO. UV-Vis-NIR absorption spectral change with the electrochemical reduction of (UO2)-O-VI(saldien) using the spectroelectrochemical technique shows isosbestic points clearly, indicating that the electrochemical reaction of (UO2)-O-VI(saldien) is only present. Using the absorbance change and the Nernstian equation, the electron stoichiometry in the reduction of (UO2)-O-VI(saldien) in DMSO was determined as 0.929. This quantity close to unity reveals a redox reaction, (UO2)-O-VI(saldien) + e(-) = [(UO2)-O-V(saldien)](-), i. e., (UO2)-O-VI(saldien) without unidentate ligands results in the stable U(V) complex, [(UO2)-O-V(saldien)](-), in DMSO. This U(V) species also shows the characteristic absorption bands of U(V) at 630, 700, 830, 1390, and 1890 nm as well as other U(V) complexes.
  • Masaru Kato, Toshiyuki Takayanagi, Takashi Fujihara, Akira Nagasawa
    INORGANICA CHIMICA ACTA 362 (4) 1199 - 1203 0020-1693 2009/03 [Refereed][Not invited]
    Density functional theory (DFT) calculations have been performed for understanding the linkage isomerism of [Ru-II/III(NH3)(5)(dmso)](2+/3+) (dmso = dimethylsulfoxide) from a theoretical point of view. In particular, we focus on the interchange between O-bonded and S-bonded structures of the dmso ligand by oxidation/reduction. We have examined. five different exchange-correlation functionals (SVWN, BP86, mPWPW91, B3PW91, and B3LYP) in our DFT calculations and found that the relative stabilities of the O-bonded and S-bonded structures are largely dependent on the functional employed. From detailed analyses of atomic charge distributions, it has been found that the calculated atomic charges on the central metal ions are strongly correlated with the relative energies. We also studied the effect of solvation on the linkage isomerism using continuum solvation models. (C) 2008 Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.
  • Masaru Kato, Miho Hayashi, Takashi Fujihara, Akira Nagasawa
    ACTA CRYSTALLOGRAPHICA SECTION E-STRUCTURE REPORTS ONLINE 64 M684 - U621 1600-5368 2008/05 [Refereed][Not invited]
    The absolute configuration of the octahedral fac-CoN3O3 title complex, [Co(C5H8NO2)(3)]center dot 3H(2)O, has been determined by single-crystal X- ray analysis. A three-dimensional network of hydrogen bonds is observed between the proline carboxylate groups and the three uncoordinated water molecules.
  • Masaru Kato, Takashi Fujihara, Daisaku Yano, Akira Nagasawa
    CRYSTENGCOMM 10 (10) 1460 - 1466 1466-8033 2008 [Refereed][Not invited]
    Silver(I) coordination polymers formed by self-assembly of ambidentate ligands, 2-methylisothiazol-3(2H)-one (MI) and 5-chloro-2-methylisothiazol-3(2H)-one (CMI), have been characterized by single crystal X-ray analysis. The structure of the cation in [Ag-I(mu-O-mi)(2)] X (X = ClO4- (1); SbF6- (2)) is a one-dimensional chain while that in the nitrate salt, [Ag-2(I)(mu-O-mi)](NO3)(2) (3), is a three-dimensional network. A silver(I) complex with CMI, [Ag-I(mu-O-cmi)(2)] ClO4 (4), has also been synthesized and the cation has a one-dimensional chain structure. Although both MI and CMI have both O-and S-donor moieties, the oxygen atom dominantly coordinates to the silver(I) centre. The anion influence on the chain structure is attributed to the competition for the coordination ability between anions and MI, and the flexibility of the coordination sphere of d(10) silver(I) ion.
  • Masaru Kato, Takashi Fujihara, Daisaku Yano, Akira Nagasawa
    ACTA CRYSTALLOGRAPHICA SECTION E-CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC COMMUNICATIONS 63 O3097 - U2523 2056-9890 2007/07 [Refereed][Not invited]
    The title molecule, C4H4ClNOS, contains an essentially planar five-membered ring. The C - C(= O) bond is slightly longer than expected. In the crystal structure, two-dimensional networks are formed through intermolecular C - Cl...O = C interactions [Cl...O = 2.9811 (19) angstrom].
  • Masaru Kato, Takashi Fujihara, Daisaku Yano, Akira Nagasawa
    Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online 63 (7) o3097  1600-5368 2007/06/06 [Refereed][Not invited]
    The title mol-ecule, C4H4ClNOS, contains an essentially planar five-membered ring. The C C(=O) bond is slightly longer than expected. In the crystal structure, two-dimensional networks are formed through inter-molecular C - Cl⋯O=C inter-actions [Cl⋯O = 2.9811 (19) Å]. © International Union of Crystallography 2007.
  • Masaru Kato, Takashi Fujihara, Daisaku Yano, Akira Nagasawa
    ACTA CRYSTALLOGRAPHICA SECTION E-STRUCTURE REPORTS ONLINE 63 O1839 - O1841 1600-5368 2007/04 [Refereed][Not invited]
    The title compound, C4H6ClNOS center dot H2O, has a planar five-membered ring, with a delocalized positive charge. A three-dimensional network is formed through intermolecular O-H center dot center dot center dot O and O-H center dot center dot center dot Cl hydrogen bonds between 3-hydroxy-2-methylisothiazolium cations and water molecules, and between water molecules and chloride anions.
  • T Fujihara, M Kato, A Nagasawa
    ACTA CRYSTALLOGRAPHICA SECTION E-STRUCTURE REPORTS ONLINE 61 O1439 - O1440 1600-5368 2005/05 [Refereed][Not invited]
    The crystallographic analysis of the title compound, C12H28N+• ClO4-, (I), shows that intermolecular C-H••• O interactions stabilize the crystal structure. The compound is isomorphous with tetra-n-propylammonium iodide, whose structure has been described by Yoshida et al. [ Acta Cryst. ( 1994). C50, 1758-1760].

Books etc


Awards & Honors

  • 2023/01 令和4年度燃料電池開発情報センター(FCDIC) 奨励賞
    受賞者: 加藤優
  • 2022/09 2022年度 日本表面真空学会 会誌賞
    受賞者: 加藤優;八木一三
  • 2020/11 日本化学会北海道支部奨励賞
    受賞者: 加藤優
  • 2018/02 Symposium on Nanomaterials for Environmental Purification and Energy Conversion (SNEPEC) Best Poster Award
     Incorporation of multinuclear copper active sites into nitrogen-doped carbon for electrochemical oxygen reduction 
    受賞者: Masaru Kato
  • 2017/10 International Symposium on Novel Energy Nanomaterials, Catalysts and Surfaces for Future Earth (NENCS) –Material Research, Characterization and Imaging by in situ/Operando XAFS and X-ray Techniques– NENCS Poster Award (General)
     Efficient Electrochemical Oxygen Reduction Catalyzed at Multinuclear Copper Active Sites Incorporated in Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Nanosheets 
    受賞者: Masaru Kato
  • 2016/05 The Surface Science Society of Japan SSSJ Rising-Researcher Lecture Award
     カーボン担持銅二核錯体からなる酸素還元電極触媒のin situ XAFS観察 
    受賞者: Masaru Kato

Research Grants & Projects

  • 日本学術振興会:科学研究費助成事業 基盤研究(C)
    Date (from‐to) : 2021/04 -2024/03 
    Author : 加藤 優
    膜タンパク質は細胞膜を構成する脂質分子や他の可溶性タンパク質等と相互作用や電子移動することで,細胞膜を介したシグナル伝達やエネルギー生産といったタンパク質機能を発現することが知られている.膜タンパク質-脂質間やタンパク質-タンパク質間相互作用といった比較的弱い相互作用を膜タンパク質が機能している状態で直接観察することができれば,生体内反応の理解,医薬品やバイオセンサー開発等の促進が期待できる. 本研究では,膜タンパク質-脂質間やタンパク質-タンパク質間相互作用と酵素活性相関の理解を可能とする,人工生体膜固定化電極の構築を目指す.特に膜タンパク質の中でも生体内電子移動や酵素反応において重要であるヘムを含む膜貫通型金属酵素に着目する.2021年度では,ミトコンドリア内部で酸素を水へ還元する金属酵素であるチトクロムc酸化酵素の固定化電極を作製し,タンパク質の電極表面配向やリン脂質の種類の違いによる膜タンパク質-脂質間やタンパク質-タンパク質間相互作用,酵素活性への影響を調べた.酵素活性は電気化学測定により,人工脂質二分子膜形成やタンパク質間相互作用は表面敏感な分光手法である表面増強赤外吸収(SEIRA)分光測定により調べた.
  • 電解をコアテクノロジーとした集積化可能なパーソナルグリッド(PG)の実現に関する調査研究
    国立研究開発法人科学技術振興機構:ムーンショット型研究開発事業 新たな目標検討のためのビジョン策定(ミレニア・プログラム)
    Date (from‐to) : 2021/01 -2021/06 
    Author : 長澤 兼作, 才田隆広, 加藤優, 滝本大裕, 八木裕之, 山口清
  • Japan Society for the Promotion of Science:Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Young Scientists (B)
    Date (from‐to) : 2016/04 -2019/03 
    Author : KATO MASARU, Yagi Ichizo, Tosha Takehiko
    In this work, we prepared gold electrodes that are active to surface-enhanced infrared absorption (SEIRA) spectroscopy and immobilized a nitric oxide reductase (NOR), which is a trans-membrane metalloenzyme and selectively catalyzes the reduction of nitric oxide (NO) to nitrous oxide (N2O). The NOR electrode showed the electro-catalytic NO reduction activity, indicating that the enzyme was active even on the gold electrode. We also performed SEIRA spectroscopy of the NOR electrode under potential control using carbon monoxide as a vibrational probe. Potential-dependent SEIRA spectra allowed us to determine the redox potentials of the heme and non-heme iron cofactors, which serve as the active site, and then gained the mechanistic insights into the enzymatic NO reduction.
  • 日本学術振興会:科学研究費助成事業 特別研究員奨励費
    Date (from‐to) : 2009 -2010 
    Author : 加藤 優
    ベンゾトリアゾール(Hbt)は配位可能な窒素原子を二つ有する両座配位子である.過去に酸化還元誘起結合異性を示すルテニウム錯体が合成されていて,Ru^の状態ではHbtが2位の窒素(N(2))で中心金属イオンに配位しているが,中心金属イオンを酸化してRu^の状態にするとHbtが3位の窒素(N(3))で配位することが知られている.そこで,Hbtを両座配位子とし,補助配位子として光受容性配位子である2,2':6',2''-terpyridine (tpy)や2,2'-bipyridine誘導体を有するルテニウム錯体[Ru^(Hbt) L (tpy)](CF_3SO_3)_2(Lは4,4'位をH,Me,OMe,tBu,Phで置換された2,2'-bipyridine誘導体)を合成し,溶液内酸化還元挙動をサイクリックボルタンメトリー測定により検討を行った.しかしながら酸化還元誘起結合異性に由来するようなピークを観測することはできず酸化還元誘起結合異性挙動が見られなかった.そこで,代替化合物として過去に我々が報告している酸化還元誘起結合異性を示す錯体[Ru(NH_3)_5(mi-S)]^(mi=2-methylisothiazol-3(2H)-One ; n=3 or 2),光増感剤ルテニウム錯体[Ru^(bpy)_3]Cl_2,そしてmethylviologen (MV)を用い,三元系分子間光電子移動反応による酸化還元結合異性を誘起するシステムの構築を目指した.その過程でRu^の状態miが硫黄で,Ru^では酸素で配位した錯体をそれぞれ合成単離し,単結晶X線構造解析によって構造を決定した。このように酸化還元結合異性体の単離例は極めて少なく,これは予期せぬ大きな成果であった.

Educational Activities

Teaching Experience

  • Advanced Course in Environmental Nano-Materials Chemistry III
    開講年度 : 2021
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 環境科学院
    キーワード : 固体表面構造、ナノ構造材料、自己組織化単分子層、電気化学、半導体電極、電極触媒 Surface structure of solid materials, Nanostructured materials, Self-assembled monolayer, Electrochemistry, Semiconductor electrode, and Electrocatalysis
  • Chemistry I
    開講年度 : 2021
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 全学教育
    キーワード : 原子の構造、原子軌道、化学結合、混成軌道、物質の三態、電解質溶液

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