Researcher Database

Hui Ping
Faculty of Engineering Division of Architecture Research Group of Architectural and Environmental Design
Assistant Professor

Researcher Profile and Settings

Affiliation

  • Faculty of Engineering Division of Architecture Research Group of Architectural and Environmental Design

Job Title

  • Assistant Professor

J-Global ID

Research Areas

  • Social infrastructure (civil Engineering, architecture, disaster prevention) / Architectural history and design

Research Activities

MISC

  • 羽田 崇人, 小澤 丈夫, 角 哲, 平 輝  日本建築学会北海道支部研究報告集  (92)  395  -398  2019/06/29  [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • 押川 快, 小澤 丈夫, 平 輝, 角 哲  日本建築学会北海道支部研究報告集  (92)  391  -394  2019/06/29  [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • 田中 優雅, 小澤 丈夫, 平 輝  日本建築学会北海道支部研究報告集  (92)  359  -362  2019/06/29  [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • 芳川 美優花, 小澤 丈夫, 平 輝  日本建築学会北海道支部研究報告集  (92)  355  -358  2019/06/29  [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • 三浦 圭太, 小澤 丈夫, 平 輝  日本建築学会北海道支部研究報告集  (92)  351  -354  2019/06/29  [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • 吉田 拓, 小澤 丈夫, 平 輝  日本建築学会北海道支部研究報告集  (92)  347  -350  2019/06/29  [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • 渡辺 美季子, 小澤 丈夫, 平 輝  日本建築学会北海道支部研究報告集  (92)  325  -328  2019/06/29  [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • 田邊 美寿々, 小澤 丈夫, 平 輝  日本建築学会北海道支部研究報告集  (92)  279  -282  2019/06/29  [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • 池田 昇太郎, 小澤 丈夫, 平 輝  日本建築学会北海道支部研究報告集  (92)  275  -278  2019/06/29  [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • 宮地 広太郎, 小澤 丈夫, 平 輝  日本建築学会北海道支部研究報告集  (92)  271  -274  2019/06/29  [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • 平 輝, 安田 幸一  日本建築学会計画系論文集  83-  (750)  1415  -1424  2018/08  [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • PING Hui, YASUDA Koichi  Journal of Architecture and Planning (Transactions of AIJ)  (750)  1415  -1424  2018/08  [Not refereed][Not invited]
     
    &nbsp;Introduction:<br>&nbsp;University campuses started to be built since the late 19th century in China, strongly influenced by the Beaux-Arts planning style, characterized by monumental buildings with strong axis and enclosed open space. Together with the main buildings constructed in different periods, such open spaces become representive spaces in the uiniversities, and also form outdoor activity and circulation spaces for students and faculties with various landscape elements such as garden, square, walking path, bench, etc.. By analysing the functions and layout of landscape elements under the influence of the distinctive Chinese cultural and social background, this study aims to clarify the characteristics of landscape composition in open spaces in China.<br><br>&nbsp;Methods:<br>&nbsp;One open space faced by main buildings and enclosed by buildings or urban roads on at least two sides is defined as "campus open space unit (COS unit)", and the set of such units as "COS". Based on such definitions, 142 COS units and 54 COS are extracted from 54 campuses built before 1949.<br>&nbsp;Firstly, by dividing the construction year of buildings into four phases according to the Chinese historical background, phases of buildings surrounding the COS units and the number of COS units in each campus were examined as a brief overview.<br>&nbsp;Secondly, in order to discuss the functional characteristics of landscape elements, types of plane/line/point elements related to the static/dynamic behavior, and their combination were examined in each COS unit.<br>&nbsp;Thirdly, in order to discuss how landscape elements form a symbolic space with the surrounding buildings, layout of landscape elements related to the main building and school gate were examined in each COS unit.<br>&nbsp;Fourthly, based on the results above, 6 patterns of landscape unit categorized by the combination of function and layout of landscape elements were discussed. Moreover, according to the static/dynamic and symbolic/non-symbolic characters, combinations of these patterns in each campus were divided into 8 types of landscape composition, and distribution of cases, relations and inclination of types were examined.<br><br>&nbsp;Results:<br>&nbsp;1) Multiple COS units, surrounding by buildings built in different phases, are formed in many campuses.<br>&nbsp;2) More COS units were built as static gardens by vegetation and water than only as square or playground for dynamic activities. Influenced by the traditional Chinese culture, natural environment is considered appropiate to the campus, rather than built by only artificial materials.<br>&nbsp;3) Completely symmetric layout is formed by only one strong axis, while basically/partially symmetric layout is sometimes formed by multiple axes of main buildings constructed in different phases. More symmetric layouts are usually formed by one plane element, while multiple elements mixed in one COS unit are in less symmetry.<br>&nbsp;4) Static and dynamic, symbolic and non-symbolic COS units coexist in many campuses. More COS units with single plane element connected to the school gate are gardens and in symmetric layout, creating a sequence from formal to casual, while the ones with multiple elements create continuous spaces with various atmospheres for different activities.<br><br>&nbsp;Conclusions:<br>&nbsp;This study has clarified that the characteristics of landscape composition in open spaces in China are related to the function and layout of landscape elements. By the construction over years with different time trends, open spaces are composed by various landscape elements in symmetric or asymmetric layout, forming a hybrid characteristics in many campuses.
  • 堺 由輝, 安田 幸一, 川島 範久, 平 輝, 大内 真理奈, 南 健斗, 田頭 宏造  環境工学I  (2018)  667  -668  2018/07/20  [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • 山口 裕太郎, 安田 幸一, 川島 範久, 平 輝, 正田 真郷  建築計画  (2018)  407  -408  2018/07/20  [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • 堀谷 尚貴, 梶村 健, 安田 幸一, 川島 範久, 平 輝  建築計画  (2018)  559  -560  2018/07/20  [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • 梶村 健, 堀谷 尚貴, 安田 幸一, 川島 範久, 平 輝  建築計画  (2018)  561  -562  2018/07/20  [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • 西村 陽太郎, 安田 幸一, 川島 範久, 平 輝, 岩田 翔太, 清水 龍太郎  建築歴史・意匠  (2018)  233  -234  2018/07/20  [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • PING Hui, YASUDA Koichi  Journal of Architecture and Planning (Transactions of AIJ)  82-  (740)  2531  -2540  2017/10  [Not refereed][Not invited]
     
    &nbsp;Introduction:<br>&nbsp;University campuses started to be built since the late 19th century in China, strongly influenced by the Beaux-Arts planning style, characterized by monumental buildings with strong axis and enclosed open space. Such open spaces become representive spaces in the uiniversities, and building elevations facing to the space create the scenery of universities by forming a continuous panorama. Meanwhile, campus constructions in each stage are greatly influenced by the distinctive cultural and social background in China. For example, in the foundation phase of Chinese universities, the collision and blend between Chinese and Western culture were experienced. However, nowadays with the rapid growth of student numbers and the rethink of the university tradition, new time issues are raised. Under such historical background, this study aims to clarify the characteristics of scenery formed by the elevation and arragement of buildings surrounding open spaces in universities in China.<br><br>&nbsp;Methods:<br>&nbsp;Open spaces faced by main buildings and enclosed by buildings or urban roads on at least two sides are extracted as "campus open spaces (COS)" from 54 campuses built before 1949, and elevations facing to COS are extracted as scenery forming elements. Based on such definitions, 54 groups of buildings, 183 main buildings and 996 building elevations are found.<br>&nbsp;Firstly, by dividing the construction year of buildings into four phases according to the Chinese historical background, phases of buildings and building distribution in COS were examined as a brief overview.<br>&nbsp;Secondly, in order to discuss the characteristics of building appearances, style and color of buildings were examined and compared in each campus.<br>&nbsp;Thirdly, in order to discuss how tbuildings and open spaces are integrated, and how main buildings are emphasized, arrangement and volume comparison of buildings were examined.<br>&nbsp;Fourthly, based on the results above, 12 scenery patterns categorized by the combination of comparison of building style and color, and the arrangement of buildings were discussed. Characteristics of each pattern, distribution of cases, relations and inclination of patterns were examined.<br><br>&nbsp;Results:<br>&nbsp;1) By the campus construction over the years, not only buildings but also main buildings facing the COS were built in various phases.<br>&nbsp;2) Most buildings built in Phase I are in traditional Chinese/Western styles with corresponding materials in specific colors, and such stylish characteristics continued to be utilized in buildings built afterwards. In the comparison of building stlye and color, cases that are "partly similar" or "similar in majority" are similar only in color, and cases "almost similar" are in the same style and color.<br>&nbsp;3) A multi-center arrangement can be observed in many campuses, where multiple axes formed by different main buildings have integrated different groups of buildings. Main buildings built after Phase II became in larger scale, emphasized by the standing-out volume.<br>&nbsp;4) Harmony of building appearance and integration of building arrangement are both considered in the formation of campus scenery in about half of the cases. However, because of the overlying constructions in different phases, some campuses have maintained either harmonious appearance or integrated arrangement. Some even developed in a disorder way and buildings reflect different features of the time.<br><br>&nbsp;Conclusions:<br>&nbsp;This study has clarified that the characteristics of scenery formed by buildings surrounding open spaces in universities in China are related to the similarities of elevation appearance and the order of building arrangement. Under the Chinese cultural and social background, campus sceneries formed by these buildings reflect both the tradition of each university and trends of the time so that they contain various characteristics.
  • 田口 咲樹, 安田 幸一, 川島 範久, 平 輝, 保坂 整, 堀谷 尚貴, 田頭 宏造  建築計画  (2017)  35  -36  2017/07/20  [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • 正田 真郷, 安田 幸一, 川島 範久, 平 輝, 保坂 整, 堀谷 尚貴, 田頭 宏造  建築計画  (2017)  37  -38  2017/07/20  [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • 平 輝, 傅 藝博, 安田 幸一  日本建築学会計画系論文集  82-  (736)  1425  -1433  2017/06  [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • 平 輝, 傅 藝博, 安田 幸一  日本建築学会計画系論文集  (736)  2017/06  [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • PING Hui, FU Yibo, YASUDA Koichi  Journal of Architecture and Planning (Transactions of AIJ)  82-  (736)  1425  -1433  2017  [Not refereed][Not invited]
     
    &nbsp;Introduction:<br>&nbsp;University campuses started to be built since the late 19th century in China, strongly influenced by the Beaux-Arts planning style, characterized by monumental buildings with strong axis and enclosed open space with regular shape. Such space became the spatial prototype in Chinese universities. Meanwhile, influenced by the traditional Chinese cultural elements such as Feng Shui and the image of Chinese Garden, it is very common to find rivers, ponds or mountains within campuses located in natural environments, creating distinctive campus spaces. Also, with great changes of the Chinese society, not only the educational system but also the campus environment has experienced a lot of changes. The rapid urbanization has transformed the fringe area into urban context around campuses, affecting campus spaces indirectly. Under such cultural and social background, this study aims to clarify the spatial characteristics and transformation of open spaces related to the site environment in universities in China.<br><br>&nbsp;Methods:<br>&nbsp;Open spaces faced by main buildings and enclosed by buildings or environmental elements on at least two sides are extracted as "campus open spaces (COS)" from 54 campuses built before 1949. The formation of COS is divided into four phases according to the Chinese historical background in China. By analyzing and categorizing the shape, number, arrangement of COS, and the environmental elements related to COS in each phase, 6 spatial composition patterns are found. Moreover, Composition of plan and environmental elements, distribution of cases by patterns and phases, inclination of change in each phase, and typical transformation were examined.<br><br>&nbsp;Results:<br>&nbsp;1) Under the influence of Beaux-Arts planning style, single regular-shaped COS were common in the early phase. However, many of them developed in an interrupted way afterwards, thus plural irregular-shaped COS became the majority today.<br>&nbsp;2) Influenced by the traditional Chinese culture, many university campuses are located in the natural environments including mountains or bodies of water from the beginning. Most COS were also created relating to such natural elements. In the early phase, COS usually adopted only urban or natural elements, while in the background of the rapid urbanization in China, many COS were developed to combine the natural and urban environment.<br>&nbsp;3) During the foundation phase of Chinese universities, most COS were created following the regular spatial prototype planned in Beaux-Arts style, in a relatively pure environment (Phase I). Immediately after the People's Republic of China was founded in 1949, with the reorganization of universities, new COS units appeared in many campuses, representing the new era (Phase II). After 1978, more and more COS related to the urban road were created under the background of rapid urbanization (Phase III). And since 1999, with the increasing number of university students, most campuses keep developing in a urban-nature-combined environment (Phase IV).<br><br>&nbsp;Conclusions:<br>&nbsp;This study has clarified that the transformation of open spaces in universities in China, is related to the Chinese cultural and social background, and also the site environment. Under the same cultural and social background, the transformation of open spaces shares common characteristics in each phase, while according to different site environments, open spaces formed and developed in various ways, present distinctive spatial characteristics.
  • 堀谷 尚貴, 安田 幸一, 川島 範久, 内藤 誠人, 藤原 紀沙, 平 輝, 久保 順司, 平野 陽  建築歴史・意匠  (2016)  29  -30  2016/08/24  [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • 大内 真理奈, 安田 幸一, 川島 範久, 内藤 誠人, 松島 潤平, 藤原 紀沙, 平 輝, 岩田 翔太  建築歴史・意匠  (2016)  65  -66  2016/08/24  [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • FUJIWARA Kisa  Summaries of technical papers of annual meeting  2015-  (0)  433  -434  2015/09/04  [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • SATO Fuki  Summaries of technical papers of annual meeting  2015-  (0)  435  -436  2015/09/04  [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • NISHI Keizou  Summaries of technical papers of annual meeting  2015-  (0)  437  -438  2015/09/04  [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • IWATA Shota  Summaries of technical papers of annual meeting  2015-  (0)  807  -808  2015/09/04  [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • ITO Takuya  Summaries of technical papers of annual meeting  2014-  (0)  227  -228  2014/09/12  [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • KUBO Junji  Summaries of technical papers of annual meeting  2014-  (0)  365  -366  2014/09/12  [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • SHODA Tomoki  Summaries of technical papers of annual meeting  2014-  (0)  415  -416  2014/09/12  [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • TAKAHASHI Natsumi  Summaries of technical papers of annual meeting  2014-  (0)  1009  -1010  2014/09/12  [Not refereed][Not invited]
  • PING Hui  Summaries of technical papers of annual meeting  2014-  (0)  1011  -1012  2014/09/12  [Not refereed][Not invited]


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