研究者データベース

脇本 敏幸(ワキモト トシユキ)
薬学研究院 創薬科学部門 創薬化学分野
教授

基本情報

所属

  • 薬学研究院 創薬科学部門 創薬化学分野

職名

  • 教授

学位

  • 博士(農学)(東京大学)

ホームページURL

J-Global ID

研究キーワード

  • チョコガタイシカイメン   蛍光プローブ   タンパク質脱リン酸化酵素   ミドリイガイ   海綿   カリクリン   フラン脂肪酸   抗炎症活性   Calyculin A   二次代謝酵素   機能制御   酵素工学   海洋生物資源   物質生産   生合成   

研究分野

  • ライフサイエンス / 環境、天然医薬資源学
  • ライフサイエンス / 生物有機化学
  • ライフサイエンス / 水圏生命科学

職歴

  • 2015年 - 現在 北海道大学大学院 薬学研究院 教授
  • 2013年 - 2015年 東京大学大学院 薬学系研究科 准教授
  • 2010年 - 2013年 東京大学大学院 薬学系研究科 講師
  • 2009年 - 2010年 静岡県立大学 薬学部 講師
  • 2007年 - 2009年 静岡県立大学 薬学部 助教
  • 2003年 - 2007年 静岡県立大学 薬学部 助手
  • 2001年 - 2003年 日本学術振興会海外特別研究員 ピッツバーグ大学化学科 博士研究員

学歴

  •         - 2001年   東京大学大学院農学生命科学研究科
  •         - 1996年   東京大学農学部

研究活動情報

論文

  • Atina Rizkiya Choirunnisa, Kuga Arima, Yo Abe, Noritaka Kagaya, Kei Kudo, Hikaru Suenaga, Junko Hashimoto, Manabu Fujie, Noriyuki Satoh, Kazuo Shin-ya, Kenichi Matsuda, Toshiyuki Wakimoto
    Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry 18 1017 - 1025 2022年08月10日 
    Only a few azoxy natural products have been identified despite their intriguing biological activities. Azodyrecins D–G, four new analogs of aliphatic azoxides, were identified from two Streptomyces species by a reactivity-based screening that targets azoxy bonds. A biological activity evaluation demonstrated that the double bond in the alkyl side chain is important for the cytotoxicity of azodyrecins. An in vitro assay elucidated the tailoring step of azodyrecin biosynthesis, which is mediated by the S-adenosylmethionine (SAM)-dependent methyltransferase Ady1. This study paves the way for the targeted isolation of aliphatic azoxy natural products through a genome-mining approach and further investigations of their biosynthetic mechanisms.
  • Kenichi Matsuda, Kuga Arima, Satoko Akiyama, Yuito Yamada, Yo Abe, Hikaru Suenaga, Junko Hashimoto, Kazuo Shin-ya, Makoto Nishiyama, Toshiyuki Wakimoto
    Journal of the American Chemical Society 2022年06月30日
  • Takahiro Jomori, Kenichi Matsuda, Yoko Egami, Ikuro Abe, Akira Takai, Toshiyuki Wakimoto
    RSC Chemical Biology 2 6 1600 - 1607 2021年10月 [査読有り]
     
    Marine sponges often contain potent cytotoxic compounds, which in turn evokes the principle question of how marine sponges avoid self-toxicity. In a marine sponge Discodermia calyx, the highly toxic calyculin...
  • Masakazu Hoshino, Shimpei F. Hiruta, Maria Emilia Croce, Mitsunobu Kamiya, Takahiro Jomori, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Kazuhiro Kogame
    Molecular Ecology 30 22 5814 - 5830 2021年09月06日 [査読有り]
     
    Geographical parthenogenesis, a phenomenon where parthenogens and their close sexual relatives inhabit distinct geographical areas, has been considered an interesting topic in evolutionary biology. Reports of geographical parthenogenesis from land and freshwater are numerous, but this occurrence has been rarely reported from the sea. Brown algae are mostly marine and are thought to include numerous obligate parthenogens; still, little is known about the distribution, origin and evolution of parthenogens in this group. Here we report a novel pattern of geographical parthenogenesis in the isogamous brown alga Scytosiphon lomentaria. Sex ratio investigation demonstrated that, in Japan, sexual populations grew in the coast along warm ocean currents, whereas female-dominant parthenogenetic populations grew mainly in the coast along a cold ocean current. In the two localities where sexual and parthenogenetic populations were parapatric, parthenogens grew in more wave-exposed areas than sexuals. Population genetic and phylogenetic analyses, including those based on genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphism data, indicated that parthenogens have initially evolved at least twice and subsequent hybridizations between the parthenogens and sexuals have generated multiple new parthenogenetic lineages. The origin of the initial parthenogens is not clear, except that it would not be interspecies hybridization. Interestingly, we found that the production of sex pheromones, which attract male gametes, has been independently lost in the initial two parthenogenetic lineages. This parallel loss of the sexual trait may represent the direct origin of parthenogens, or the regressive evolution of a useless trait under asexuality.
  • Chin-Soon Phan, Kenichi Matsuda, Nandani Balloo, Kei Fujita, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Tatsufumi Okino
    Journal of the American Chemical Society 2021年06月28日 [査読有り]
     
    Guanidine prenylation is an outstanding modification in alkaloid and peptide biosynthesis, but its enzymatic basis has remained elusive. We report the isolation of argicyclamides, a new class of cyanobactins with unique mono- and bis-prenylations on guanidine moieties, from Microcystis aeruginosa NIES-88. The genetic basis of argicyclamide biosynthesis was established by the heterologous expression and in vitro characterization of biosynthetic enzymes including AgcF, a new guanidine prenyltransferase. This study provides important insight into the biosynthesis of prenylated guanidines and offers a new toolkit for peptide modification.
  • Kenichi Matsuda, Kei Fujita, Toshiyuki Wakimoto
    Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology 48 3-4 2021年06月04日 [査読有り]
     
    Penicillin-binding protein-type thioesterases (PBP-type TEs) are a recently identified group of peptide cyclases that catalyze head-to-tail macrolactamization of nonribosomal peptides. PenA, a new member of this group, is involved in the biosyntheses of cyclic pentapeptides. In this study, we demonstrated the enzymatic activity of PenA in vitro, and analyzed its substrate scope with a series of synthetic substrates. A comparison of the reaction profiles between PenA and SurE, a representative PBP-type TE, showed that PenA is more specialized for small peptide cyclization. A computational model provided a possible structural rationale for the altered specificity for substrate chain lengths.
  • Inneke F. M. Rumengan, Vera I. Y. Roring, Jabal R. Haedar, Mayse S. Siby, Aldian H. Luntungan, Beivy J. Kolondam, Agustinus R. Uria, Toshiyuki Wakimoto
    Symbiosis 2021年04月22日 [査読有り]
  • Takefumi Kuranaga, Kenichi Matsuda, Masachika Takaoka, Chisato Tachikawa, Ayae Sano, Kosei Itoh, Ayumu Enomoto, Kei Fujita, Ikuro Abe, Toshiyuki Wakimoto
    ChemBioChem 21 23 3329 - 3332 2020年12月 [査読有り]
     
    © 2020 Wiley-VCH GmbH Kasumigamide is an antialgal hybrid peptide–polyketide isolated from the freshwater cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa (NIES-87). The biosynthetic gene cluster was identified from not only the cyanobacterium but also Candidatus “Entotheonella”, associated with the Japanese marine sponge Discodermia calyx. Therefore, kasumigamide is considered to play a key role in microbial ecology, regardless of the terrestrial and marine habitats. We now report synthetic studies on this intriguing natural product that have led to a structural revision and the first total synthesis. During this study, a new analogue, deoxykasumigamide, was also isolated and structurally validated. This study confirmed the presence of the unusual pathway in the biosynthesis of a hybrid peptide–polyketide natural product.
  • Heterochiral coupling in non-ribosomal peptide macrolactamization
    Kenichi Matsuda, Rui Zhai, Takahiro Mori, Mazakazu Kobayashi, Ayae Sano, Ikuro Abe, Wakimoto Toshiyuki
    Nature Catalysis 32 2020年05月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Agustinus Robert Uria, Toshiyuki Wakimoto
    Topics in Heterocyclic Chemistry 389 - 413 2020年 [査読有り]
  • Yasunori Iwao, Hitoshi Ishida, Shin-Ichiro Kimura, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Hiromu Kondo, Shigeru Itai, Shuji Noguchi
    Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 67 9 935 - 939 2019年 [査読有り]
     
    Chafuroside A and chafuroside B are flavone C-glycosides isolated from oolong tea leaves. They have a number of beneficial pharmacological activities related to antiinflammation at various concentrations. However, no crystallographic study of chafurosides has yet been reported. In the present study, the crystal structures of chafuroside A and chafuroside B were investigated using single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The asymmetric unit of the chafuroside A crystal consists of one chafuroside A and two water molecules, and that of chafuroside B contains one chafuroside B and one water molecule. The flavone moiety of chafuroside A is curved, i.e., the angle between the best-fit planes of the chromene and phenyl rings is 18.9°, whereas the chafuroside B flavone moiety is relatively flat. A comparison of the curvatures of the flavone moieties of various C-glycosides showed that the curvature of chafuroside A is significantly larger than those of the others. This structural feature might contribute to the differences between the strengths of the pharmacological activities of chafurosides A and B.
  • Kenichi Matsuda, Takefumi Kuranaga, Ayae Sano, Akihiro Ninomiya, Kentaro Takada, Toshiyuki Wakimoto
    Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 67 5 476 - 480 2019年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Surugamides are a group of non-ribosomal peptides isolated from marine-derived Streptomyces. Surugamide A (1) and its closely related derivatives, surugamides B-E (2-5), are D-amino acid containing cyclic octapeptides with cathepsin B inhibitory activity. The D-isoleucine (Ile), the nonproteinogenic amino acid residue embedded in 1, is less common in natural peptides because a rare Cβ-epimerization is required for its biosynthesis. Taking advantage of the synthetic route of 2 previously established by our group, we synthesized the cyclic octapeptide 1 containing D-Ile by solid phase peptide synthesis. The structure of 1 actually contains D-allo-Ile in place of D-Ile, which was corroborated by chemical syntheses and chromatographic comparisons.
  • Kenichi Matsuda, Takefumi Kuranaga, Toshiyuki Wakimoto
    J. Synth. Org. Chem. Jpn. 77 1106 - 1115 2019年 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Takahiro Jomori, Shuji Shiroyama, Yuji Ise, Hisanori Kohtsuka, Kenichi Matsuda, Takefumi Kuranaga, Toshiyuki Wakimoto
    J. Nat. Med. 73 4 814 - 819 2019年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Two new steroidal saponins, scrobiculosides A and B, were isolated from the deep-sea sponge Pachastrella scrobiculosa, collected at a depth of 200 m off Miura Peninsula, Japan. The aglycones of scrobiculosides A and B feature a vinylic cyclopropane and a ∆24,25 exomethylene on the side chains, respectively. Both saponins have a common sugar moiety composed of β-D-galactopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-6-acetyl-β-D-glucopyranoside, with the exception of an acetyl group on C6″ in scrobiculoside A. Scrobiculoside A exhibited cytotoxicity against HL-60 and P388 cells, with IC50 values of 52 and 61 μM, respectively.
  • SurE is a trans-acting thioesterase cyclizing two distinct non-ribosomal peptides.
    Matsuda, K, Kobayashi, M, Kuranaga, T, Takada, K, Ikeda, H, Matsunaga, S, Wakimoto, T
    Org. Biomol. Chem. 17 1058 - 1061 2019年01月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Yuka Unno, Hirona Yamamoto, Shuto Takatsuki, Yoshinori Sato, Takefumi Kuranaga, Kazunaga Yazawa, Yasuo Ono, Toshiyuki Wakimoto
    Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids 1863 7 772 - 782 2018年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Brown adipose tissue is specialized to generate heat by dissipating chemical energy and may provide novel strategies for obesity treatment in humans. Recently, advances in understanding the pharmacological and dietary agents that contribute to the browning of white adipose tissue have been made to alleviate obesity by promoting energy expenditure. Krill oil is widely used as a health supplement in humans. In this study, the components from krill oil that promote adipogenesis of 3T3-L1 cells were screened to reveal palmitoyl lactic acid (PLA) as a promoter of adipogenesis. The PLA-induced adipocytes contained large number of small lipid droplets. Moreover, similar to the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)γ agonists, pioglitazone and rosiglitazone, PLA significantly enhances adipogenesis in the presence of dexamethasone compared with PLA alone. Treatment with PLA causes a brown fat-like phenotype in 3T3-L1 cells by enhanced expression of various brown/beige cell-specific genes, such as PR domain containing 16 (Prdm16) and peroxisome proliferative activated receptor, gamma, coactivator 1 alpha (Pgc1a), as well as adiponectin gene. The expression profile of the brown/beige cell-specific genes induced by PLA was similar to that of the PPARγ agonist in 3T3-L1 cells. Our findings suggest that PLA induces a brown fat-like phenotype and, thus, likely has therapeutic potential in treating obesity.
  • Matsuda K, Tomita T, Shin-Ya K, Wakimoto T, Kuzuyama T, Nishiyama M
    Journal of the American Chemical Society 140 29 9083 - 9086 2018年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Recent studies described several different routes that facilitate nitrogen-nitrogen bond formation in natural product biosynthesis. We report herein the identification of unprecedented machinery for hydrazine formation involved in the biosynthesis of s56-p1, a dipeptide natural product with a unique hydrazone unit. The gene cassette comprising this machinery is widespread across several bacterial phyla, highlighting the overlooked potential of bacteria to synthesize hydrazine.
  • Agustinus R. Uria, Jörn Piel, Toshiyuki Wakimoto
    Methods in Enzymology 604 287 - 330 2018年01月01日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Microbial symbionts are recognized as the important sources of numerous sponge-derived metabolites with potent biological activities. The limitation to cultivate the majority of potential symbionts has hampered attempts to explore and exploit their natural products for further development toward medical applications. Metagenomics-guided approaches have enabled cloning of natural product biosynthesis genes from uncultured microbial symbionts. Subsequent activation of biosynthesis genes in easily culturable bacteria could lead to the sustainable production of rare sponge-derived compounds. In this chapter, we highlight metagenomic strategies to reveal natural product biosynthetic pathways in sponge metagenomes based on the calyculin and misakinolide polyketides. Techniques to identify the compound producer are briefly discussed. We further describe examples of functional studies of the biosynthetic pathways of these two compound types with a special emphasis on the general experimental protocols for the activity assays of key proteins involved in their biosynthesis.
  • Takefumi Kuranaga, Atsuki Fukuba, Akihiro Ninomiya, Kentaro Takada, Shigeki Matsunaga, Toshiyuki Wakimoto
    Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 66 6 637 - 641 2018年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Surugamide F is a linear decapeptide (1) isolated along with the cyclic octapeptides surugamides A–E (2–6), from a marine-derived Streptomyces species. The linear peptide 1 is produced by two nonribosomal peptide synthetases (NRPSs) encoded in adjacent open reading frames, which are further flanked by an additional pair of NRPS genes responsible for the biosyntheses of the cyclic peptides 2–6. While the cyclic peptides 2–6 were identified to be cathepsin B inhibitors, the biological activity of the new metabolite 1 still remained unclear. In order to elucidate its unique biosynthetic pathway and biological activity in detail, we planned to develop an efficient synthetic route toward 1. Here we report the diastereoselective total synthesis of 1, utilizing 9-fluorenylmethyloxycarbonyl (Fmoc)-based solid-phase peptide synthesis. During this study, we found that the structural correction of 1 was required, due to the mislabeling of the commercially obtained 3-amino-2-methylpropionic acid, and the true structure of 1 was corroborated by the chemical synthesis and chromatographic comparison.
  • Takefumi Kuranaga, Kenichi Matsuda, Ayae Sano, Masakazu Kobayashi, Akihiro Ninomiya, Kentaro Takada, Shigeki Matsunaga, Toshiyuki Wakimoto
    Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 57 30 9447 - 9451 2018年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The cathepsin B inhibitor surugamide B (2), along with structurally related derivatives (A and C-E), has previously been isolated from the marine actinomycete Streptomyces sp. JAMM992. The biosynthetic genes are unexpectedly part of a cluster of four non-ribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS) genes, two of which are responsible for the biosynthesis of the additional linear decapeptide surugamide F. However, the thioesterase domain required for the later stage of the biosynthesis of the cyclic peptides surugamides A-E is not present in any module architecture of the surugamide NRPSs. Herein, we report the first total synthesis of surugamide B (2) through the macrocyclization at the biomimetic position, which not only alleviated the Cα epimerization in the macrolactamization process, but also efficiently provided 2 in 34 % yield for 18 steps. Furthermore, both the chemical and enzymatic studies with the biosynthetic precursor mimics revealed that the stand-alone enzyme SurE, which belongs to the penicillin-binding protein family, is responsible for macrocyclization of the tethered octapeptidyl intermediate.
  • Akira Takai, Masumi Eto, Katsuya Hirano, Kosuke Takeya, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Masaru Watanabe
    Journal of Physiological Sciences 68 1 2018年01月01日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Protein phosphatases 1 and 2A (PP1 and PP2A) are the most ubiquitous and abundant serine/threonine phosphatases in eukaryotic cells. They play fundamental roles in the regulation of various cellular functions. This review focuses on recent advances in the functional studies of these enzymes in the field of smooth muscle physiology. Many naturally occurring protein phosphatase inhibitors with different relative PP1/PP2A affinities have been discovered and are widely used as powerful research tools. Current topics in the chemical biology of PP1/PP2A inhibitors are introduced and discussed, highlighting the identification of the gene cluster responsible for the biosynthesis of calyculin A in a symbiont microorganism of a marine sponge.
  • Toshiyuki Wakimoto
    Chemical Record 17 11 1124 - 1134 2017年11月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Considering the dynamic features of natural products, our access toward exploring the entire diversity of natural products has been quite limited. It is challenging to assess the diversity of natural products by using conventional analytical methods, even with tandem chromatographic techniques, such as LC-MS and GC-MS. This viewpoint is supported by the sequencing analyses of microbial genomes, which have unveiled the potential of secondary metabolite production far exceeding the number of isolated molecules. Recent advancements in metabolomics, in concert with genomics analyses, have further extended the natural product diversity, prompting growing awareness of the existence of reactive or short-lived natural molecules. This personal account introduces some examples of the discoveries of hitherto elusive natural products, due to physico-chemical or biological reasons, and highlights the significance of the dark matter of natural products.
  • Masahiro Okada, Tomotoshi Sugita, Chin Piow Wong, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Ikuro Abe
    Journal of Natural Products 80 4 1205 - 1209 2017年04月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A novel pyridinium with three indole moieties, tricepyridinium, was obtained from the culture of an Escherichia coli clone incorporating metagenomic libraries from the marine sponge Discodermia calyx. For the important structural elements of tricepyridinium to be investigated for antibacterial activity, tricepyridinium and its analogues were chemically synthesized. Tricepyridinium had antimicrobial activity, but not against E. coli, and cytotoxicity against P388 cells. Additional bioassays with its synthetic analogues revealed that the intriguing combination of the indole moieties, most likely derived from three tryptamines, as well as the pyridinium moiety were chiefly responsible for its potent biological activities.
  • Takefumi Kuranaga, Ayumu Enomoto, Hui Tan, Kazuto Fujita, Toshiyuki Wakirnoto
    Organic Letters 19 6 1366 - 1369 2017年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Theonellapeptolide Id is a tridecapeptide containing a 37-membered lactone, originally isolated from the marine sponge Theonella swinhoei. In addition to moderate cytotoxicity, immunosuppressive activity had been reported for this natural cyclodepsipeptide. However, the synthetic material to verify its unique biological activity has not been available thus far. In this study, the first total synthesis of theonellapeptolide Id has been performed by solid phase peptide synthesis, and the biological activity has been confirmed in comparison with cyclosporin A.
  • Lihan Zhang, Takuya Hashimoto, Bin Qin, Junko Hashimoto, Ikuko Kozone, Teppei Kawahara, Masahiro Okada, Takayoshi Awakawa, Takuya Ito, Yoshinori Asakawa, Masashi Ueki, Shunji Takahashi, Hiroyuki Osada, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Haruo Ikeda, Kazuo Shin-ya, Ikuro Abe
    Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 56 7 1740 - 1745 2017年02月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Polyketides form many clinically valuable compounds. However, manipulation of their biosynthesis remains highly challenging. An understanding of gene cluster evolution provides a rationale for reprogramming of the biosynthetic machinery. Herein, we report characterization of giant modular polyketide synthases (PKSs) responsible for the production of aminopolyol polyketides. Heterologous expression of over 150 kbp polyketide gene clusters successfully afforded their products, whose stereochemistry was established by taking advantage of bioinformatic analysis. Furthermore, phylogenetic analysis of highly homologous but functionally diverse domains from the giant PKSs demonstrated the evolutionary mechanism for structural diversification of polyketides. The gene clusters characterized herein, together with their evolutionary insights, are promising genetic building blocks for denovo production of unnatural polyketides.
  • Ninomiya A, Katsuyama Y, Kuranaga T, Miyazaki M, Nogi Y, Okada S, Wakimoto T, Ohnishi Y, Matsunaga S, Takada K
    ChemBioChem 18 17 2017年 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Megumi Yamashita, Keita Shimizu, Yasuaki Koizumi, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Yoshitaka Hamashima, Tomohiro Asakawa, Makoto Inai, Toshiyuki Kan
    Synlett 27 19 2734 - 2736 2016年12月01日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    © Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart.New York-Synlett 2016. A concise synthesis of anserine and related compounds was accomplished by Et-DuPhos-Rh-catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation of dehydrohistidine derivatives in 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol, which played a key role in improving the yield and selectivity.
  • Yu Nakashima, Yoko Egami, Miki Kimura, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Ikuro Abe
    PLOS ONE 11 10 e0164468  2016年10月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Sponge metagenomes are a useful platform to mine cryptic biosynthetic gene clusters responsible for production of natural products involved in the sponge-microbe association. Since numerous sponge-derived bioactive metabolites are biosynthesized by the symbiotic bacteria, this strategy may concurrently reveal sponge-symbiont produced compounds. Accordingly, a metagenomic analysis of the Japanese marine sponge Discodermia calyx has resulted in the identification of a hybrid type I polyketide synthase-nonribosomal peptide synthetase gene (kas). Bioinformatic analysis of the gene product suggested its involvement in the biosynthesis of kasumigamide, a tetrapeptide originally isolated from freshwater free-living cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa NIES-87. Subsequent investigation of the sponge metabolic profile revealed the presence of kasumigamide in the sponge extract. The kasumigamide producing bacterium was identified as an 'Entotheonella' sp. Moreover, an in silico analysis of kas gene homologs uncovered the presence of kas family genes in two additional bacteria from different phyla. The production of kasumigamide by distantly related multiple bacterial strains implicates horizontal gene transfer and raises the potential for a wider distribution across other bacterial groups.
  • Akihiro Ninomiya, Yohei Katsuyama, Takefumi Kuranaga, Masayuki Miyazaki, Yuichi Nogi, Shigeru Okada, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Yasuo Ohnishi, Shigeki Matsunaga, Kentaro Takada
    ChemBioChem 17 18 1709 - 1712 2016年09月15日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Genome mining is a powerful method for finding novel secondary metabolites. In our study on the biosynthetic gene cluster for the cyclic octapeptides surugamides A–E (inhibitors of cathepsin B), we found a putative gene cluster consisting of four successive non-ribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS) genes, surA, surB, surC, and surD. Prediction of amino acid sequence based on the NRPSs and gene inactivation revealed that surugamides A–E are produced by two NRPS genes, surA and surD, which were separated by two NRPS genes, surB and surC. The latter genes are responsible for the biosynthesis of an unrelated peptide, surugamide F. The pattern of intercalation observed in the sur genes is unprecedented. The structure of surugamide F, a linear decapeptide containing one 3-amino-2-methylpropionic acid (AMPA) residue, was determined by spectroscopic methods and was confirmed by solid-phase peptide synthesis.
  • Karen Co Tan, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Ikuro Abe
    Journal of Natural Products 79 9 2418 - 2422 2016年09月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    New N-sulfoureidylated lipopeptides, sulfolipodiscamides A-C (1-3), were isolated by gel filtration chromatography of the n-butanol fraction of the marine sponge Discodermia kiiensis. By extensive NMR. analyses and high-resolution mass spectrometry, the structures of 1-3 were elucidated as having an unprecedented N-sulfoureidyl group on the D-citrulline residue, a distinct feature that was not found in the structurally related lipodiscamides A-C (4-6), derived from the ether fraction of the same sponge. Furthermore, the absolute configurations of 1-3 were confirmed by comparisons of the HPLC retention times of the hydrolytic products and the corresponding authentic lipodiscamides. Interestingly, sulfolipodiscamide A displayed a 2.3-fold increase in cytotoxicity against murine leukemia (P388) cells, compared to the unconjugated parent compound.
  • Zhang L, Hoshino S, Awakawa T, Wakimoto T, Abe I
    ChemBioChem 17 15 1407 - 1411 2016年08月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Natural products have enormous structural diversity, yet little is known about how such diversity is achieved in nature. Here we report the structural diversification of a cyanotoxin-lyngbyatoxin A-and its biosynthetic intermediates by heterologous expression of the Streptomyces-derived tleABC biosynthetic gene cluster in three different Streptomyces hosts: S. lividans, S. albus, and S. avermitilis. Notably, the isolated lyngbyatoxin derivatives, including four new natural products, were biosynthesized by crosstalk between the heterologous tleABC gene cluster and the endogenous host enzymes. The simple strategy described here has expanded the structural diversity of lyngbyatoxinA and its biosynthetic intermediates, and provides opportunities for investigation of the currently underestimated hidden biosynthetic crosstalk.
  • Tomohiro Asakawa, Atsushi Yoshida, Yasuo Hirooka, Takashi Suzuki, Kunihiko Itoh, Kosuke Shimizu, Naoto Oku, Takumi Furuta, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Makoto Inai, Toshiyuki Kan
    Heterocycles 93 1 218 - 242 2016年04月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    (-)-Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCg) has multiple bioactivities, and imaging/analytical tools are required for drug development studies. Here we present full details of our synthetic studies aimed at providing building blocks for development of such tools, including a concise synthesis of model compound 5,7-dideoxyEGCg (DOEGCg, 2) and an asymmetric synthesis of 6-(5-aminopenty1)-5,7-deoxyepigallocatechin gallate (APDOEGCg, 4), which contains a reactive terminal amino group. To demonstrate its utility, APDOEGCg (4) was efficiently converted to a fluorescent probe 53 by linking it to a fluorescein derivative, Tokyo Green, via the amino group. We confirmed that 53 is suitable for in vivo imaging studies. We also prepared an immunogen 56 by conjugation of 4 to human serum albumin carrier protein via a glutaraldehyde linker, and we used 56 to raise anti-EGCg antiserum in mice. The fluorescent probe and antiserum should be useful tools for biochemical investigations of the localization and target sites of EGCg. APDOEGCg should also be available for developing other novel tools for biochemical studies of catechins.
  • Tomohiro Asakawa, Yusuke Kawabe, Atsushi Yoshida, Yoshiyuki Aihara, Tamiko Manabe, Yoshitsugu Hirose, Asuka Sakurada, Makoto Inai, Yoshitaka Hamashima, Takumi Furuta, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Toshiyuki Kan
    Journal of Antibiotics 69 4 299 - 312 2016年04月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    An efficient and versatile synthetic method for labile polyphenols was established using 2-nitrobenzenesulfonate (Ns) as a protecting group for phenol. This methodology provides regio- and stereoselective access to a range of methylated catechins, such as methylated epigallocatechin gallates, that are not readily available from natural sources. In addition, biomimetic synthesis of theaflavins from catechins was accomplished using Ns protection to minimize undesired side reactions of electron-rich aromatic rings during oxidation, enabling construction of the complex benzotropolone core in a single-step oxidative coupling reaction. Availability of these compounds will aid detailed structure biological activity relationship studies of catechins.
  • 複合培養法を用いた新規macrolactam類の単離構造決定
    星野 翔太郎, 岡田 正弘, 張 恵平, 林 文晶, 脇本 敏幸, 尾仲 宏康, 阿部 郁朗
    日本薬学会年会要旨集 136年会 2 112 - 112 (公社)日本薬学会 2016年03月
  • Bin Qin, Yudai Matsuda, Takahiro Mori, Masahiro Okada, Zhiyang Quan, Takaaki Mitsuhashi, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Ikuro Abe
    Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 55 5 1658 - 1661 2016年01月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Di- and sesterterpene synthases produce C-20 and C-25 isoprenoid scaffolds from geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate (GGPP) and geranylfarnesyl pyrophosphate (GFPP), respectively. By genome mining of the fungus Emericella variecolor, we identified a multitasking chimeric terpene synthase, EvVS, which has terpene cyclase (TC) and prenyltransferase (PT) domains. Heterologous gene expression in Aspergillus oryzae led to the isolation of variediene (1), a novel tricyclic diterpene hydrocarbon. Intriguingly, in vitro reaction with the enzyme afforded the new macrocyclic sesterterpene 2 as a minor product from dimethylallyl pyrophosphate (DMAPP) and isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP). The TC domain thus produces the diterpene 1 and the sesterterpene 2 from GGPP and GFPP, respectively. Notably, a domain swap of the PT domain of EvVS with that of another chimeric sesterterpene synthase, EvSS, successfully resulted in the production of 2 in vivo as well. Cyclization mechanisms for the production of these two compounds are proposed.
  • Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Yoko Egami, Ikuro Abe
    Natural Product Reports 33 6 751 - 760 2016年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Calyculin A is a major cytotoxic compound isolated from the Japanese marine sponge Discodermia calyx. Its potent cytotoxicity is attributable to the specific inhibition of protein phosphatases 1 and 2A, as in the case of okadaic acid and the microcystins. Its chemical structure is well-designed not only for enzyme inhibition but also for higher membrane permeability in order to impart its potent cytotoxicity. The biosynthetic gene cluster of this densely functionalized polyketide and nonribosomal peptide hybrid molecule was recently identified from the sponge-microbe association. The producer organism and the dynamic bioconversion process were also revealed. In this highlight, we focus on the recent studies addressing nature's design and biogenesis of the sponge-derived cytotoxin, calyculin A.
  • Shotaro Hoshino, Masahiro Okada, Toshiyuki Wakirnoto, Huiping Zhang, Fumiaki Hayashi, Hiroyasu Onaka, Ikuro Abe
    Journal of Natural Products 78 12 3011 - 3017 2015年12月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A terrestrial bacterium, Streptomyces sp. NZ-6, produced niizalactams A-C (1-3), unprecedented di- and tricyclic macrolactams, by coculturing with the mycolic acid-containing bacterium Tsukamurella pulmonis TP-B0596. Their complete structures, including absolute configurations, were elucidated on, the basis of spectroscopic data and chemical derivatization. Their unique skeletons are proposed to be biosynthesized from a common 26-membered macrolactam intermediate by S(N)2 cyclization or an intramolecular Diels-Alder reaction.
  • Shotaro Hoshino, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Huiping Zhang, Fumiaki Hayashi, Masahiro Okada, Ikuro Abe
    Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters 25 18 3953 - 3955 2015年09月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Dietziamides A and B, two novel tetramic acid dimers, were isolated from the rare actinomycetes Dietzia timorensis MZ-3 in the course of our HPLC-diode array screening of our collection of terrestrial actinomycetes. The spectroscopic analysis revealed the chemical structures of the first secondary metabolites characterized in the genus Dietzia. Dietziamides A and B showed moderate DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl) radical scavenging activities. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Mori T, Hoshino S, Sahashi S, Wakimoto T, Matsui T, Morita H, Abe I
    Chemistry & Biology 22 7 898 - 906 2015年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The beta-carboline (beta C) alkaloids occur throughout nature and exhibit diverse biological activities. In contrast to beta C alkaloid synthesis in plants, the biosynthesis in microorganisms remains poorly understood. The recently reported McbB from Marinactinospora thermotolerans is a novel enzyme proposed to catalyze the Pictet-Spengler (PS) reaction of L-tryptophan and oxaloacetaldehyde to produce the beta C scaffold of marinacarbolines. In this study, we solved the crystal structure of McbB complexed with L-tryptophan at 2.48 angstrom resolution, which revealed the novel protein folding of McbB and the totally different structure from those of other PS condensation catalyzing enzymes, such as strictosidine synthase and norcoclaurine synthase from plants. Structural analysis and site-directed mutagenesis confirmed that the previously proposed catalytic Glu97 at the active-site center functions as an acid and base catalyst. Remarkably, the structure-based mutants R72A and H87A, with expanded active-site cavities, newly accepted bulky phenylglyoxal as the aldehyde substrate, to produce 1-benzoyl-3-carboxy-beta-carboline.
  • Shotaro Hoshino, Lihan Zhang, Takayoshi Awakawa, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Hiroyasu Onaka, Ikuro Abe
    Journal of Antibiotics 68 5 342 - 344 2015年05月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Yudai Matsuda, Taiki Iwabuchi, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Takayoshi Awakawa, Ikuro Abe
    Journal of the American Chemical Society 137 9 3393 - 3401 2015年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Terretonin (1) is a fungal meroterpenoid isolated from Aspergillus terreus, and possesses a highly oxygenated and unique tetracyclic structure. Although the biosynthetic gene cluster for 1 has been identified and the biosynthesis has recently been studied by heterologous reconstitution and targeted-gene deletion experiments, the last few steps of the terretonin pathway after terrenoid (6) have yet to be elucidated. Notably, the mechanism for the D-ring expansion to afford the terretonin scaffold has been a long-standing mystery to solve. Here we report the characterization of three enzymes that convert 6 into 1, as well as the complete biosynthetic pathway of 1. In the proposed terretonin pathway, the cytochrome P450 Trt6 catalyzes three successive oxidations to transform 6 into an unstable intermediate, which then undergoes the D-ring expansion and unusual rearrangement of the methoxy group to afford the core skeleton of 1. This unprecedented rearrangement is catalyzed by a novel isomerase Trt14. Finally, the nonheme iron-dependent dioxygenase Trt7 accomplishes the last two oxidation reactions steps to complete the biosynthesis.
  • Shotaro Hoshino, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Hiroyasu Onaka, Ikuro Abe
    Organic Letters 17 6 1501 - 1504 2015年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The soil-derived bacterium, Streptomyces sp. CJ-5, was cocultured with the mycolic acid-containing bacterium Tsukamurella pulmonis TP-B0596. The combined culture method significantly enhanced the production of the secondary metabolites in Streptomyces sp. CJ-5, leading to the isolation of three novel butanolide chojalactones A-C (1-3), with unusual gamma-butyrolactone scaffolds. The complete structures, including the absolute configurations of 1-3, were determined based on spectroscopic data and total syntheses. In methylthiazole tetrazolium (MTT) assays, 1 and 2 showed moderate cytotoxicity against P388 cells.
  • Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Karen Co Tan, Hiroki Tajima, Ikuro Abe
    Handbook of Anticancer Drugs from Marine Origin 113 - 144 2015年01月01日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    To date, a significant number of cyclic peptides Cyclic peptide have been isolated from the marine sponges. Their structures often contain non-proteinogenic amino acids, some of which are derived from the biosynthetic pathway mixed with polyketides synthase. Halogenation, N-formylation, and racemaization to D-isomers were also frequently observed. Here we review the structural features of cytotoxic cyclic peptides from marine sponges. The cyclic peptides and depsipeptides were classified into different cyclization ways. The recent progress on the studies of their mode of action and biosynthesis was also included.
  • Yuya Takeshige, Yoko Egami, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Ikuro Abe
    Molecular Biosystems 11 5 1290 - 1294 2015年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Sponge metagenomes are accessible genetic sources containing genes and gene clusters responsible for the biosynthesis of sponge-derived bioactive natural products. In this study, we obtained the clone pDC112, producing turbomycin A and 2,2-di(3-indolyl)-3-indolone, based on the functional screening of the metagenome library derived from the marine sponge Discodermia calyx. The subcloning experiment identified ORF 25, which is homologous to inosine 50-monophosphate dehydrogenase and required for the production of 2,2-di(3-indolyl)-3-indolone in Escherichia coli.
  • Yoko Egami, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Ikuro Abe
    Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters 24 22 5150 - 5153 2014年11月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Calyculin C, a minor derivative of the calyculins, has an additional methyl group on C32 of calyculin A. A recent biosynthetic study of calyculins revealed that an end product of calyculin biosynthesis is the pyrophosphate form, phosphocalyculin A. However, the pyrophosphate counterpart derived from calyculin C had not been reported. We isolated phosphocalyculin C as a minor pyrophosphate derivative, by a detailed investigation of an extract from the sponge Discodermia calyx. The treatment of phosphocalyculin C with the D. calyx cell-free extract significantly enhanced its cytotoxicity, providing molecular evidence for its role as the protoxin of calyculin C. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Yudai Matsuda, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Takahiro Mori, Takayoshi Awakawa, Ikuro Abe
    JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY 136 43 15326 - 15336 2014年10月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Anditomin and its precursors, andilesins, are fungal meroterpenoids isolated from Aspergillus variecolor and have unique, highly oxygenated chemical structures with a complex bridged-ring system. Previous isotope-feeding studies revealed their origins as 3,5-dimethylorsellinic acid and farnesyl pyrophosphate and suggested the possible involvement of a Diels-Alder reaction to afford the congested bicyclo[2.2.2]octane core structure of andilesins. Here we report the first identification of the biosynthetic gene cluster of anditomin and the determination of the complete biosynthetic pathway by characterizing the functions of 12 dedicated enzymes. The anditomin pathway actually does not employ a Diels-Alder reaction, but involves the nonheme iron-dependent dioxygenase AndA to synthesize the bridged-ring by an unprecedented skeletal reconstruction. Another dioxygenase, AndF, is also responsible for the structural complexification, generating the end product anditomin by an oxidative rearrangement.
  • Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Yoko Egami, Yu Nakashima, Yukihiko Wakimoto, Takahiro Mori, Takayoshi Awakawa, Takuya Ito, Hiromichi Kenmoku, Yoshinori Asakawa, Joern Piel, Ikuro Abe
    Nature Chemical Biology 10 8 648 - U193 2014年08月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The Japanese marine sponge Discodermia calyx contains a major cytotoxic compound, calyculin A, which exhibits selective inhibition of protein phosphatases 1 and 2A. It has long been used as a chemical tool to evaluate intracellular signal transduction regulated by reversible protein phosphorylation. We describe the identification of the biosynthetic gene cluster of calyculin A by a metagenome mining approach. Single-cell analysis revealed that the gene cluster originates in the symbiont bacterium 'Candidatus Entotheonella' sp. A phosphotransferase encoded in the gene cluster deactivated calyculin A to produce a newly discovered diphosphate, which was actually the biosynthetic end product. The diphosphate had been previously overlooked because of the enzymatic dephosphorylation that occurred in response to sponge tissue disruption. Our work presents what is to our knowledge the first evidence for the biosynthetic process of calyculin A along with a notable phosphorylation-dephosphorylation mechanism to regulate toxicity, suggesting activated chemical defense in the most primitive of all multicellular animals.
  • Takayoshi Awakawa, Lihan Zhang, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Shotaro Hoshino, Takahiro Mori, Takuya Ito, Jun Ishikawa, Martin E. Tanner, Ikuro Abe
    Journal of the American Chemical Society 136 28 9910 - 9913 2014年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Teleocidin B is an indole terpenoid isolated from Streptomyces. Due to its unique chemical structure and ability to activate protein kinase C, it has attracted interest in the areas of organic chemistry and cell biology. Here, we report the identification of genes encoding enzymes for teleocidin B biosynthesis, including non-ribosomal peptide synthetase (tleA), P-450 monooxygenase (tleB), prenyltransferase (tleC), and methyltransferase (tleD). The tleD gene, which is located outside of the tleABC cluster on the chromosome, was identified by transcriptional analysis and heterologous expression. Remarkably, TleD not only installs a methyl group on the geranyl moiety of the precursor but also facilitates the nucleophilic attack from the electron-rich indole to the resultant cation, to form the indole-fused six-membered ring. This is the first demonstration of a cation, generated from methylation, triggering successive terpenoid ring closure.
  • Xiao-Long Yang, Takayoshi Awakawa, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Ikuro Abe
    ChemBioChem 15 11 1578 - 1583 2014年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Karen Co Tan, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Ikuro Abe
    Organic Letters 16 12 3256 - 3259 2014年06月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Lipodiscamides A-C, three new lipodepsipeptides, were characterized from the marine sponge Discodermia kiiensis. These structurally rare cyclic lipodepsipeptides were found to possess an unprecedented dilactone macrocycle and, thus, represent a new family of lipopeptides. They are the only lipopeptides bearing 4S-hydroxy-trans-2-enoate, and non-canonical amino acids, L-3-ureidoalanine (Uda), E-dehydronorvaline (Denor), and D-citrulline (Cit). MTT assays against P388 and HeLa cells revealed the moderate cytotoxicity of all three compounds.
  • Micheal C. Wilson, Tetsushi Mori, Christian Rueckert, Agustinus R. Uria, Maximilian J. Helf, Kentaro Takada, Christine Gernert, Ursula A. E. Steffens, Nina Heycke, Susanne Schmitt, Christian Rinke, Eric J. N. Helfrich, Alexander O. Brachmann, Cristian Gurgui, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Matthias Kracht, Max Cruesemann, Ute Hentschel, Ikuro Abe, Shigeki Matsunaga, Joern Kalinowski, Haruko Takeyama, Joern Piel
    Nature 507 7491 2014年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Yasuo Hirooka, Kazutada Ikeuchi, Yuichiro Kawamoto, Yusuke Akao, Takumi Furuta, Tomohiro Asakawa, Makoto Inai, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Tohru Fukuyama, Toshiyuki Kan
    Organic Letters 16 6 1646 - 1649 2014年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Total synthesis of SB-203207 (1) was achieved, beginning with a desymmetrical C-H insertion reaction of a diazoester bearing our recently developed chiral auxiliary. Utilizing the optically active bicyclo[3.3.0]octane ring, four stereogenic centers were efficiently constructed in sequence. Finally, mild oxidation of 27 to carboxylic acid via a cyanohydrin intermediate and hydrolysis of cyanide to carboxyamide in the presence of the labile enamide group completed an efficient total synthesis of 1.
  • Micheal C. Wilson, Tetsushi Mori, Christian Rueckert, Agustinus R. Uria, Maximilian J. Helf, Kentaro Takada, Christine Gernert, Ursula A. E. Steffens, Nina Heycke, Susanne Schmitt, Christian Rinke, Eric J. N. Helfrich, Alexander O. Brachmann, Cristian Gurgui, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Matthias Kracht, Max Cruesemann, Ute Hentschel, Ikuro Abe, Shigeki Matsunaga, Joern Kalinowski, Haruko Takeyama, Joern Piel
    Nature 506 7486 58 - + 2014年02月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Cultivated bacteria such as actinomycetes are a highly useful source of biomedically important natural products. However, such 'talented' producers represent only a minute fraction of the entire, mostly uncultivated, prokaryotic diversity. The uncultured majority is generally perceived as a large, untapped resource of new drug candidates, but so far it is unknown whether taxa containing talented bacteria indeed exist. Here we report the single-cell- and metagenomics-based discovery of such producers. Two phylotypes of the candidate genus 'Entotheonella' with genomes of greater than 9 megabases and multiple, distinct biosynthetic gene clusters co-inhabit the chemically and microbially rich marine sponge Theonella swinhoei. Almost all bioactive polyketides and peptides known from this animal were attributed to a single phylotype. 'Entotheonella' spp. are widely distributed in sponges and belong to an environmental taxon proposed here as candidate phylum 'Tectomicrobia'. The pronounced bioactivities and chemical uniqueness of 'Entotheonella' compounds provide significant opportunities for ecological studies and drug discovery.
  • Micheal C. Wilson, Tetsushi Mori, Christian Rückert, Agustinus R. Uria, Maximilian J. Helf, Kentaro Takada, Christine Gernert, Ursula A E Steffens, Nina Heycke, Susanne Schmitt, Christian Rinke, Eric J N Helfrich, Alexander O. Brachmann, Cristian Gurgui, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Matthias Kracht, Max Crüsemann, Ute Hentschel, Ikuro Abe, Shigeki Matsunaga, Jörn Kalinowski, Haruko Takeyama, Jörn Piel
    Nature 507 262  2014年01月01日 [査読無し][通常論文]
  • Hiroki Tajima, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Kentaro Takada, Yuji Ise, Ikuro Abe
    Journal of Natural Products 77 1 154 - 158 2014年01月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A cyclic peptide was isolated from the deep-sea marine sponge Discodermia japonica, and its NMR spectroscopic data were identical to those reported for cyclolithistide A, a known antifungal depsipeptide. However, the interresidue HMBC correlations suggested that the amino acid sequence was different from that of the original structure. Moreover, chiral-phase GC-MS, combined with,Marfey's analysis, indicated that the absolute configurations of three amino acids were also antipodal. Here, we propose the revised structure of cyclolithistide A and address the configuration of the previously unassigned 4-amino-3,5-dihydroxyhexanoic acid (Adha) moiety.
  • Takayoshi Awakawa, Xiao-Long Yang, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Ikuro Abe
    ChemBioChem 14 16 2095 - 2099 2013年11月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Induced production of PKS-NRPS metabolites: The genome mining approach is useful for obtaining new compounds. We activated a dormant PKS-NRPS gene cluster in Aspergillus niger ATCC 1015 by expressing its dedicated transcriptional activator (PynR). As a result, the transformant expressing pynR produced a new pyranonigrin compound that we have named pyranonigirin E. © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
  • Xiao-Long Yang, Takayoshi Awakawa, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Ikuro Abe
    Tetrahedron Letters 54 43 5814 - 5817 2013年10月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Concomitant supplementation of a histone deacetylase inhibitor, suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid, and a DNA methyltransferase inhibitor, 5-azacytidine, to the culture medium of a plant endophytic fungus, Pestalotiopsis acaciae, dramatically altered its metabolic profiles. As a result, three novel aromatic compounds, 2'-hydroxy-6'-hydroxymethyl-4'-methylphenyl-2,6-dihydroxy-3-(2-isopentenyl)benzoate (1), 4,6-dihydroxy-7-hydroxymethyl-3-methylcoumarin (2) and 4,6-dihydroxy-3,7-dimethylcoumarin (3), were isolated, along with five known polyketides, endocrocin (4), pestalotiollide B (5), pestalotiopyrone G (6), scirpyrone A (7) and 7-hydroxy-2-(2-hydroxypropyl)-5-methylchromone (8). (c) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Karen Co Tan, Ikuro Abe
    Toxicon 72 1 - 4 2013年09月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The sea slug Pleura bronchus forskalii is a carnivorous scavenger that is widely distributed in shallow subtidal areas. Very few investigations of the chemical components of this gastropod have been reported. In this study we performed a comprehensive analysis of an extract of the marine mollusc, R forskalii, collected off Ishigaki Island, Japan. As a result, an alkaloid was isolated from the chloroform extract. Remarkably, the structure elucidation based on the spectral data revealed that it was an ergot alkaloid peptide, ergosinine. Various ergot alkaloids have previously been isolated mainly from terrestrial higher plants or fungi. This is the first report of the isolation of an ergopeptine from marine life, and thus the known geographical extent of ergot alkaloids now includes both terrestrial and aquatic organisms. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Xiao Long Yang, Takayoshi Awakawa, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Ikuro Abe
    Natural Products and Bioprospecting 3 4 141 - 144 2013年08月01日 
    © 2013, The Author(s). Fungal aromatic compounds comprise an important and structurally diverse group of secondary metabolites. Several genome sequencing projects revealed many putative biosynthetic gene clusters of fungal aromatic compounds, but many of these genes seem to be silent under typical laboratory culture conditions. To gain access to this untapped reservoir of natural products, we utilized chemical epigenetic modifiers to induce the expression of dormant biosynthetic genes. As a result, the concomitant supplementation of the histone deacetylase inhibitors suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (500 μM) and nicotinamide (50 μM) to the culture medium of a fungal pathogen, Stagonospora nodorum, resulted in the isolation of three aromatic compounds (1–3), including a novel natural butyrophenone, (+)-4′-methoxy-(2S)-methylbutyrophenone (1), and two known polyketides, alternariol (2) and (−)-(3R)-mellein methyl ether (3). [Figure not available: see fulltext.].
  • Karen Co Tan, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Kentaro Takada, Takashi Ohtsuki, Nahoko Uchiyama, Yukihiro Goda, Ikuro Abe
    Journal of Natural Products 76 7 1388 - 1391 2013年07月26日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A macrocylic dodecapeptide, cycloforskamide, was isolated from the sea slug Pleurobranchus forskalii, collected off Ishigaki Island, Japan. Its planar structure was deduced by extensive NMR analyses and was further confirmed by MS/MS fragmentation analyses. Finally, the absolute configuration was determined by total hydrolysis and chiral-phase gas chromatographic analysis. This novel dodecapeptide contains three d-amino acids and three thiazoline heterocycles and exhibits cytotoxicity against murine leukemia P388 cells, with an IC 50 of 5.8 μM. © 2013 The American Chemical Society and American Society of Pharmacognosy.
  • Xiao-Long Yang, Takayoshi Awakawa, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Ikuro Abe
    Tetrahedron Letters 54 28 3655 - 3657 2013年07月10日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Glycolipids have attracted interest from the pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and food industries, due to their unique chemical properties and interesting biological activities. The phytopathogenic fungus Ustilago maydis, a well-known producer of glycolipids, reportedly secretes large amounts of the glycolipid biosurfactant ustilagic acid under special culture conditions. Thus, we utilized chemical epigenetic modifiers, DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) inhibitors and/or histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors, to induce the expression of silent biosynthetic pathways for isolating novel glycolipids produced by this fungus. HPLC analyses revealed that supplementations of the DNMT inhibitor 5-azacytidine and the HDAC inhibitor SBHA to the liquid culture of U. maydis induced the production of the novel glycolipid ustilagic acid C (1), along with the known ustilagic acid B (2). Glycolipids 1 and 2 displayed weak antifungal activities against Aspergillus terreus and Candida albicans. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Xiao-Long Yang, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Yuya Takeshige, Rui He, Yoko Egami, Takayoshi Awakawa, Ikuro Abe
    Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters 23 13 3810 - 3813 2013年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    New indole-porphyrin hybrid molecules were isolated from Escherichia coli harboring metagenomic DNA from the Japanese marine sponge Discodermia calyx. The indole was appended to the reactive vinyl substituent of the harderoporphyrin chromophore, encoded by the insert DNA. Thus, the chimeric pathway between the heterologously expressed porphyrins and the endogenous indole generated new indole-conjugated chiral porphyrins in E. coli. (c) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Yudai Matsuda, Takayoshi Awakawa, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Ikuro Abe
    Journal of the American Chemical Society 135 30 10962 - 10965 2013年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Austinol, a fungal meroterpenoid derived from 3,5-dimethylorsellinic acid, has a unique chemical structure with a remarkable spiro-lactone ring system. Despite the recent identification of its biosynthetic gene cluster and targeted gene-deletion experiments, the process for the conversion of protoaustinoid A (2), the first tetracyclic biosynthetic intermediate, to the spirolactone preaustinoid A3 (7) has remained enigmatic. Here we report the mechanistic details of the enzyme-catalyzed, stereospecific spiro-lactone ring-forming reaction, which is catalyzed by a non-heme iron-dependent dioxygenase, AusE, along with two flavin monooxygenases, the 5'-hydroxylase AusB and the Baeyer-Villiger monooxygenase AusC. Remarkably, AusE is a multifunctional dioxygenase that is responsible for the iterative oxidation steps, including the oxidative spiro-ring-forming reaction, to produce the austinol scaffold.
  • Han Jing Chen, Takayoshi Awakawa, Jie Yin Sun, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Ikuro Abe
    Natural Products and Bioprospecting 3 1 20 - 23 2013年02月01日 
    © 2013, The Author(s). Abstract: The treatment of fungi with DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) and/or histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors is a promising way to activate secondary metabolite biosynthetic pathways that are dormant under normal conditions. In this study, we included an HDAC inhibitor, suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SBHA), in the culture medium of endophytic fungi isolated from the medicinal plant Datura stramonium L. The production of two compounds was induced in the culture supplemented with SBHA, and their structures were determined to be the fusaric acid derivatives 5-butyl-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridine-2-carboxylic acid and 5-(but-9-enyl)-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridine-2-carboxylic acid. The result confirmed that the use of chemical epigenetic modifiers is an effective technique for promoting the expression of silent biosynthetic pathways to produce unique secondary metabolites. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].
  • Miki Kimura, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Ikuro Abe
    Tetrahedron Letters 54 1 114 - 116 2013年01月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Allos-hemicalyculin A (1), a new derivative of calyculin A, was isolated from the marine sponge Discodermia calyx collected off Shikine-jima Island, Japan. The structure of 1, including the absolute configurations, was elucidated by spectroscopic analyses and photochemical degradation experiments. Consequently, its structure was identical to the distal end of the peptide side chain of calyculin A (2), previously isolated from D. calyx and generated by photochemical oxidative cleavage of the oxazole moiety. In stark contrast to the potent cytotoxicity of 2, 1 is no longer cytotoxic, in agreement with the previously reported structure-activity relationship data. Here we describe the isolation and structural elucidation of 1. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Rui He, Bochu Wang, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Manyuan Wang, Liancai Zhu, Ikuro Abe
    Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society 24 12 1926 - 1932 2013年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Culture-independent metagenomics is an attractive and promising approach to explore unique bioactive small molecules from marine sponges harboring uncultured symbiotic microbes. Therefore, we conducted functional screening of the metagenomic library constructed from the Japanese marine sponge Discodermia calyx. Bioassay-guided fractionation of plate culture extract of antibacterial clone pDC113 afforded eleven cyclodipeptides: Cyclo(L-Thr-L-Leu) (1), Cyclo(L-Val-d-Pro) (2), Cyclo(L-Ile-d-Pro) (3), Cyclo(L-Leu-L-Pro) (4), Cyclo(L-Val-L-Leu) (5), Cyclo(L-Leu-L-Ile) (6), Cyclo(L-Leu-L-Leu) (7), Cyclo(L-Phe-L-Tyr) (8), Cyclo(L-Trp-L-Pro) (9), Cyclo(L-Val-L-Trp) (10) and Cyclo(L-Ile-L-Trp) (11). To the best of our knowledge, these are first cyclodepeptides isolated from metagenomic library. Sequence analysis suggested that isolated cyclodipeptides were not synthesized by nonribosomal peptide synthetases and there was no significant indication of cyclodipeptide synthetases. © 2013 Sociedade Brasileira de Química.
  • Shigeru Ieda, Akitaka Masuda, Mami Kariyama, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Tomohiro Asakawa, Tohru Fukuyama, Toshiyuki Kan
    Heterocycles 86 2 1071 - 1092 2012年12月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The total synthesis of a potent immunosuppressant (-)-FR901483 is accomplished. The skeleton itself is constructed by the Ugi 4CC reaction, subsequent intramolecular Dieckmann condensation, and a diastereoselective intramolecular aldol reaction. However, the remarkable feature is the stereoselective incorporation of the p-methoxybenzyl and methylamino groups within the tricyclic core skeleton.
  • Rui He, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Yoko Egami, Hiromichi Kenmoku, Takuya Ito, Yoshinori Asakawa, Ikuro Abe
    Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters 22 24 7322 - 7325 2012年12月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Functional screening based on the antibacterial activity of a metagenomic library of the Japanese marine sponge, Discodermia calyx, afforded three β-hydroxyl fatty acids: 3-hydroxypalmitic acid, 3-hydroxylauric acid and 3-hydroxymyristic acid, heterologously expressed in an antibacterial clone, pDC113. 3-Hydroxypalmitic acid showed moderate antibacterial activity against Bacillus cereus and Candida albicans. A sequence analysis of the insert DNA revealed 23 putative ORFs, with most sharing homology to bacterial fatty acid synthase II and lipid A biosynthesis enzymes. The other ORFs were probably transmembrane proteins involved in lipid A biosynthesis. Although lipid A was not detected under our experimental conditions, the production of β-hydroxyl fatty acids as components of lipid A were enhanced in pDC113. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Tomohiro Itoh, Masashi Ando, Yasuyuki Tsukamasa, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Haruo Nukaya
    Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 60 51 12491 - 12500 2012年12月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Whiskey includes many nonvolatile substances (whiskey congeners; Whc) that seep from the oak cask during the maturation process. To date, many functions of Whc have reported, such as antiallergy and antimelanogenesis. This study examined the effect of Whc on LPS/IFNγ-induced nitric oxide (NO) production in murine macrophage RAW 264 cells. Whc suppressed LPS/IFNγ-induced NO production in a concentration-dependent manner. To determine the active compounds in Whc, the effect of 10 major compounds isolated from Whc on LPS/IFNγ-induced NO production was examined. Coniferylaldehyde (CA) and sinapylaldehyde (SiA) strongly suppressed LPS/IFNγ-induced NO production. Pretreatment with Whc, CA, and SiA induced heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression. The expression of HO-1 by Whc, CA, and SiA pretreatment was due to activation of Nrf2/ARE signaling via the elevation of intracellular reactive oxygen species. To investigate the in vivo effects of Whc, Whc was administered to mice with antitype II collagen antibody-induced arthritis, and we the arthritis score and hind paw volume were measured. Administration of Whc remarkably suppressed the arthritis score and hind paw volume. Taken together, these findings suggest that Whc is beneficial for the treatment of inflammatory disease. © 2012 American Chemical Society.
  • Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Ikuro Abe
    MedChemComm 3 8 866 - 870 2012年08月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The existence of labile natural products in the highly complex endogenous compositions of plants, animals, and even foodstuffs is expected, but the isolation of such unstable compounds remains difficult. We present a review of the current successes in isolating labile natural products.
  • Yudai Matsuda, Takayoshi Awakawa, Takayuki Itoh, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Tetsuo Kushiro, Isao Fujii, Yutaka Ebizuka, Ikuro Abe
    ChemBioChem 13 12 1738 - 1741 2012年08月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Takayoshi Awakawa, Takuya Kaji, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Ikuro Abe
    Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters 22 13 4338 - 4340 2012年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Bostrycoidin and fusarubin are biologically active fungal polyketides produced by Nectria haematococca. This azaanthraquinone and naphthoquinone are thought to be biosynthesized via formation of a C-14 heptaketide aldehyde as a common key intermediate. A BLAST search against the genome of N. haematococca revealed one candidate gene (NECHADRAFT_101778, NhPKS1), which encodes a multi-domain polyketide synthase (PKS) with a thiol reductase (TR) domain that would facilitate the reductive release of the intermediate to produce a free aldehyde. To investigate the possible involvement of NhPKS1 in the biosynthesis of bostrycoidin and fusarubin, NhPKS1 was heterologously expressed in Aspergillus oryzae, and shown to produce a heptaketide 3-acetonyl-1,6,8-trihydroxy-2-naphthaldehyde as a single product. Thus, NhPKS1 catalyzes a C-2/C-11 and C-4/C-9 aldol-type cyclization of a linear intermediate followed by a subsequent reductive product release to yield the naphthaldehyde. The results indicate NhPKS1 is the enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of bostrycoidin and fusarubin. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Jing Chen, Hiroyuki Morita, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Takahiro Mori, Hiroshi Noguchi, Ikuro Abe
    Organic Letters 14 12 3080 - 3083 2012年06月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    FtmPT1 from Aspergillus fumigatus is a fungal indole prenyltransferase (PT) that normally catalyzes the regiospecific prenylation of brevianamide F (cyclo-L-Trp-L-Pro) at the C-2 position of the indole ring with dimethylallyl diphosphate (DMAPP). Interestingly, FtmPT1 exhibited remarkable substrate tolerance and accepted (E)-4-(1H-indol-3-yl)but-3-en-2-one (1) as a substrate to produce an unnatural novel alpha-prenylindolylbutenone (la). This is the first demonstration of the prenylation of a nonaromatic carbon of the acceptor substrate by a fungal indole PT.
  • Miki Kimura, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Yoko Egami, Karen Co Tan, Yuji Ise, Ikuro Abe
    Journal of Natural Products 75 2 290 - 294 2012年02月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Cyclic peptides containing 5-hydroxytryptophan and thiazole moieties were isolated from the marine sponge Discodermia calyx collected near Shikine-jima Island, Japan. The structures of calyxamides A (1) and B (2), including the absolute configurations of all amino acids, were elucidated by spectroscopic analyses and degradation experiments. The structures are similar to keramamides F and G, previously isolated from Theonella sp. The analysis of the 16S rDNA sequences obtained from the metagenomic DNA of D. calyx revealed the presence of Canclidatus Entotheonella sp., an unculturable fi-proteobacterium inhabiting the Theonella genus and implicated in the biosynthesis of bioactive peptides.
  • Rui He, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Yuya Takeshige, Yoko Egami, Hiromichi Kenmoku, Takuya Ito, Bochu Wang, Yoshinori Asakawa, Ikuro Abe
    Molecular Biosystems 8 9 2334 - 2338 2012年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Marine sponges harbouring uncultured symbiotic bacteria are important sources of biologically active compounds. Since they would be interesting resources to explore unknown functional genes by means of a metagenomic approach, we constructed a metagenomic library of the Japanese marine sponge Discodermia calyx. The functional screening afforded the two clones producing porphyrins as red pigments. The isolation and structural elucidation of the red pigments revealed that the major red pigment was Zn-coproporphyrin III. The sequence data of the clones identified genes encoding glutamyl-tRNA reductase along with other ORFs related to porphyrin biosynthesis.
  • Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Hiroyuki Morita, Ikuro Abe
    Natural Product Biosynthesis by Microorganisms and Plants, Part A 515 337 - 358 2012年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Members of the chalcone synthase superfamily of type III polyketide synthases (PKSs) catalyze iterative condensations of CoA thioesters to produce a variety of polyketide scaffolds with remarkable structural diversity and biological activities. The homodimeric type III PKSs share a common three-dimensional overall fold with a conserved Cys-His-Asn catalytic triad; notably, only a slight modification of the active site dramatically expands the catalytic repertoire of the enzymes. In addition, the enzymes exhibit extremely promiscuous substrate specificities, and accept a variety of nonphysiological substrates, making the type III PKSs an excellent platform for the further production of unnatural, novel polyketide scaffolds with promising biological activities. This chapter summarizes recent advances in the engineering of plant type III PKS enzymes in our laboratories, using approaches combining structure-based enzyme engineering and precursor-directed biosynthesis with rationally designed substrate analogs.
  • Kenji Uchida, Takahiro Ogawa, Yoshinori Yasuda, Hiraku Mimura, Teppei Fujimoto, Tohru Fukuyama, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Tomohiro Asakawa, Yoshitaka Hamashima, Toshiyuki Kan
    Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 51 51 12850 - 12853 2012年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Under control: A stereocontrolled total synthesis of (+)-UCS1025A, a potent telomerase inhibitor, was achieved. The synthesis features an intramolecular Diels-Alder reaction, a tandem Staudinger/aza-Wittig reaction, and stereoselective construction of the hemiaminal moiety facilitated by neighboring-group participation. Copyright © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
  • Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Hikaru Kondo, Hirohiko Nii, Kaori Kimura, Yoko Egami, Yusuke Oka, Masae Yoshida, Eri Kida, Yiping Ye, Saeko Akahoshi, Tomohiro Asakaw, Koichi Matsumura, Hitoshi Ishida, Haruo Nukaya, Kuniro Tsuji, Toshiyuki Kan, Ikuro Abe
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 108 42 17533 - 17537 2011年10月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A lipid extract of Perna canaliculus (New Zealand green-lipped mussel) has reportedly displayed anti-inflammatory effects in animal models and in human controlled studies. However, the anti-inflammatory lipid components have not been investigated in detail due to the instability of the lipid extract, which has made the identification of the distinct active components a formidable task. Considering the instability of the active component, we carefully fractionated a lipid extract of Perna canaliculus (Lyprinol) and detected furan fatty acids (F-acids). These naturally but rarely detected fatty acids show potent radical-scavenging ability and are essential constituents of plants and algae. Based on these data, it has been proposed that F-acids could be potential antioxidants, which may contribute to the protective properties of fish and fish oil diets against chronic inflammatory diseases. However, to date, in vivo data to support the hypothesis have not been obtained, presumably due to the limited availability of F-acids. To confirm the in vivo anti-inflammatory effect of F-acids in comparison with that of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), we developed a semisynthetic preparation and examined its anti-inflammatory activity in a rat model of adjuvant-induced arthritis. Indeed, the F-acid ethyl ester exhibited more potent anti-inflammatory activity than that of the EPA ethyl ester. We report on the in vivo activity of F-acids, confirming that the lipid extract of the green-lipped mussel includes an unstable fatty acid that is more effective than EPA.
  • 森田 洋行, 森 貴裕, 山下 誠, 脇本 敏幸, 阿部 郁朗
    天然有機化合物討論会講演要旨集 53 91 - 96 天然有機化合物討論会 2011年09月02日 
    HsPKS1 from Huperzia serrata is a type III polyketide synthase (PKS) with remarkable substrate tolerance and catalytic potential. Here we present the synthesis of unnatural novel polyketide-alkaloid hybrid molecules by exploiting the enzyme reaction using precursor-directed and structure-based approaches. HsPKS1 produced novel pyridoisoindole (or benzopyridoisoindole) with the 6.5.6-fused (or 6.6.5.6-fused) ring system by the condensation of 2-carbamoylbenzoyl-CoA (or 3-carbamoyl-2-naphthoyl-CoA), a synthetic nitrogen-containing non-physiological starter substrate, with two molecules of malonyl-CoA. The structure-based S348G mutant not only extended the product chain length, but also altered the cyclization mechanism to produce a biologically active, ring-expanded 6.7.6-fused dibenzoazepine, by the condensation of 2-carbamoylbenzoyl-CoA with three malonyl-CoAs. Thus, the basic nitrogen atom and the structure-based mutagenesis enabled additional C-C and C-N bond formation to generate the novel polyketide-alkaloid scaffold. Benzalacetone synthase (BAS) from Rheum palmatum is a structurally simple, plant-specific type III PKS, which catalyzes the one-step decarboxylative condensation of malonyl-CoA with 4-coumaroyl-CoA. The type III PKS exhibits unusually broad substrate specificity and notable catalytic versatility. Here we report that R. palmatum BAS efficiently produces a series of unnatural, novel tetramic acid derivatives by the condensation of malonyl-CoA with aminoacyl-CoA thioesters, chemically synthesized from L- and D-amino acids. Remarkably, the novel tetramic acid dimer from D-phenylalanoyl-CoA, showed moderate antiproliferative activity against murine leukemia P388 cells.
  • Hiroyuki Morita, Makoto Yamashita, She-Po Shi, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Shin Kondo, Ryohei Kato, Shigetoshi Sugio, Toshiyuki Kohno, Ikuro Abe
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 108 33 13504 - 13509 2011年08月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    HsPKS1 from Huperzia serrata is a type III polyketide synthase (PKS) with remarkable substrate tolerance and catalytic potential. Here we present the synthesis of unnatural unique polyketide-alkaloid hybrid molecules by exploiting the enzyme reaction using precursor-directed and structure-based approaches. HsPKS1 produced novel pyridoisoindole (or benzopyridoisoindole) with the 6.5.6-fused (or 6.6.5.6-fused) ring system by the condensation of 2-carbamoylbenzoyl-CoA (or 3-carbamoyl-2-naphthoyl-CoA), a synthetic nitrogen-containing nonphysiological starter substrate, with two molecules of malonyl-CoA. The structure-based S348G mutant not only extended the product chain length but also altered the cyclization mechanism to produce a biologically active, ring-expanded 6.7.6-fused dibenzoazepine, by the condensation of 2-carbamoylbenzoyl-CoA with three malonyl-CoAs. Thus, the basic nitrogen atom and the structure-based mutagenesis enabled additional C-C and C-N bond formation to generate the novel polyketide-alkaloid scaffold.
  • Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Kakeru Miyata, Hitoshi Ohuchi, Tomohiro Asakawa, Haruo Nukaya, Yoshihide Suwa, Toshiyuki Kan
    Organic Letters 13 10 2789 - 2791 2011年05月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    An efficient total synthesis of aperidine was accomplished using a Rh-catalyzed C-H insertion of a cis-dihydrobenzofuran ring. To circumvent the facile epimerization of the cis-dihydrobenzofuran ring, we designed and prepared the C-H insertion precursor diazoamide by Raines' protocol. Finally, the efficient incorporation of a guanidine group and mild deprotection conditions yielded this labile natural product.
  • Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Takahiro Mori, Hiroyuki Morita, Ikuro Abe
    Journal of the American Chemical Society 133 13 4746 - 4749 2011年04月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The tetramic acid (2,4-pyrrolidinedione) scaffold has been recognized as an important structural feature because of its mycotoxic, antibacterial, antiviral, and antioxidant activities. This important class of natural products is reportedly produced by the type-I polyketide synthase/nonribosomal peptide synthetase (PKS/NRPS) hybrid megaenzyme systems. In contrast, the benzalacetone synthase (BAS) from Rheum palmatum is a structurally simple, plant-specific type-III PKS that catalyzes the one-step decarboxylative condensation of malonyl-CoA with 4-coumaroyl-CoA. The type-III PKS exhibits unusually broad substrate specificity and notable catalytic versatility. Here we report that R. palmatum BAS efficiently produces a series of unnatural, novel tetramic acid derivatives by the condensation of malonyl-CoA with aminoacyl-CoA thioesters chemically synthesized from L- and D-amino acids. Remarkably, the novel tetramic acid dimer ID-S formed from D-phenylalanoyl-CoA showed moderate antiproliferative activity against murine leukemia P388 cells.
  • Takumi Higashi, Yoichiro Isobe, Hitoshi Ouchi, Hiroto Suzuki, Yuko Okazaki, Tomohiro Asakawa, Takumi Furuta, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Toshiyuki Kan
    Organic Letters 13 5 1089 - 1091 2011年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The efficient total syntheses of (+)-methoxyphenylkainic acid (3) and (+)-phenylkainic acid (4) were achieved using a rhodium carbenoid-mediated intermolecular C-H insertion reaction. Complete stereoselective construction of the kainoid skeleton was accomplished by utilizing the stereochemistry at the C-4 position as a pivotal stereogenic center.
  • Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Tomohiro Asakawa, Saeko Akahoshi, Tomohiro Suzuki, Kaoru Nagai, Hirokazu Kawagishi, Toshiyuki Kan
    Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 50 5 1168 - 1170 2011年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Angel's wing mushroom, Pleurocybella porrigens, caused fatal acute encephalopathy in Japan in 2004. The structures of cytotoxic amino acids previously isolated from the mushroom motivated a study to prove the existence of an aziridine amino acid, pleurocybellaziridine (1), found in the mushroom. The ester forms of synthetic 1 were used to confirm that the fruiting bodies contained high amounts of 1. Furthermore, 1 showed significant toxicity towards rat oligodendrocytes. © 2010 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
  • Atsushi Yoshida, Yasuo Hirooka, Yusuke Sugata, Mariko Nitta, Tamiko Manabe, Shunsuke Ido, Kouki Murakami, Repon Kumer Saha, Takashi Suzuki, Motohiro Ohshima, Akira Yoshida, Kunihiko Itoh, Kosuke Shimizu, Naoto Oku, Takumi Furuta, Tomohiro Asakawa, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Toshiyuki Kan
    Chemical Communications 47 6 1794 - 1796 2011年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A concise synthesis of APDOEGCg (3) was accomplished. Due to the reactivity of its amine group, the compound could be easily converted to the fluorescein probe 21 and immunogen probe 22 efficiently. We then demonstrated the usefulness of the probes for imaging studies and the generation of antibodies.
  • Tomohiro Asakawa, Aiki Hiza, Miho Nakayama, Makoto Inai, Dai Oyama, Hiroyuki Koide, Kosuke Shimizu, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Norihiro Harada, Hideo Tsukada, Naoto Oku, Toshiyuki Kan
    Chemical Communications 47 10 2868 - 2870 2011年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A practical synthesis of nobiletin, a polymethoxylated citrus flavone, was accomplished by utilizing our novel flavone synthesis. Synthetic nobiletin was labelled by selective demethylation and rapid incorporation of C-11 atom. Positron emission tomography images successfully visualized the brain distribution, which may provide therapeutic benefits in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease.
  • 鈴木 智大, 藤田 基寛, 天野 裕子, 浅川 倫宏, 赤星 早江子, 脇本 敏幸, 小林 夕香, 森田 達也, 新井 信隆, 長井 薫, 田中 滋康, 平井 浩文, 菅 敏幸, 河岸 洋和
    天然有機化合物討論会講演要旨集 52 655 - 660 天然有機化合物討論会 2010年09月01日 
    The mushroom Pleurocybela porrigens (Angel's wings in English; Sugihiratake in Japanese) is widespread and common throughout temperate regions of the world. It has been eaten for a lng time all over the world. However, in autumn 2004 in Japan, fifty-five people got poisoned by eating this mushroom, and seventeen peoplel among them died of acute encephalopaty. There had been no report regarding toxocity of the fruiting bodies until the incident. Under these circumstances, we tried to isolate teh principle(s) of the disease. Purification of a glycoprotein showing lethal activity against mouse The mushroom was extracted with water and boiling water. After repeated chromatography of the water-soluble fractions, a glycoprotein was purified. The substance showed lethal toxocity toward mice at a dose of 24mg/kg (i.p.). Purification, characterization, and cDNA cloning of a lectin (PPL) PPL was purified from this mushroom. The results of SDS-PAGE gel filtration and MALDI-TOF-mass of PPL indicated that its molecular mass was 56kDa, and it was composed of four 14kDa subunits with no disulfide bonds. The complete amino acid sequence was determined by amino acid sequencing. The cDNA of PPL was cloned from RNA extracted from the mushroom. The open reading frame of the cDNA of the protein consisted of 411 bp encoding 137 amino acids. Intravenous (i.v.) (50mg/kg) or intraperitoneal (i.p.) (150mg/kg) administration of PPL to mice did not show any toxocity. However, i.v. (9mg/kg) administration of the protein to rats exhibited lethal toxocity. Purification of unusual amino acids showing cytotoxicity against mouse cerebrum glial cells Six amino acid derivatives (1-6) including three novel ones (1-3) were isolated from the mushroom. These compounds were cytotoxic to mouse glial cells. The structural novelty and analogy of the amino acids is such that each acid has the β-hydroxyvaline unit adducted to endogenous molecules, which inspired us to conclude the occurrence of an aziridine-amino acid (7) as the common precursor of the six compounds. We synthesized this compound and proved its occurrence in this mushroom. Compound 7 showed toxocity against rat CG4-16 oligodendrocyte cells; 7 significantly reduced the cell viability at concentrations up to 10μg/ml (87μM). Mechanism of the acute encephalopathy We found that a mixture of the letnal glycoprotein and PPL showed protease activity and disrupted the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in mice. We speculated that compound 7 or its derivatives caused demyelinating symptom after disruption of BBB. Verfication of the hypothesis is now on progress.
  • 鰐渕 清史, 森 貴裕, 庭野 智子, 張 剛, 脇本 敏幸, 森田 洋行, 阿部 郁朗
    天然有機化合物討論会講演要旨集 52 55 - 60 天然有機化合物討論会 2010年09月01日 
    4-Coumareate:coenzyme A ligase (4CL) plays a key role in phenylpropanoid metabilism, providing precursors for a variety of plant secondary metabolites such as flavonoids and lignin. The enzyme catalyzes formation of 4-coumaroyl-CoA by initial activation of 4-coumaric acid with ATP to form an acyl-AMP intermediate, which is followed by thioester bond formation with CoASH and the concomitant release of AMP. The activation of the carboxylate substrate with ATP to form the acyl-AMP intermediate is a common mechanism for other adenylate-forming enzymes, including fatty acyl-CoA synthetase, the adenylation domains of the modular non-ribosomal peptide synthetase, and firefly luciferase (the ANL superfamily enzymes). Here we report that 4CL from Arabiaopsis thaliana (At4CL2) shows remarkable substrate promiscuity and novel catalytic functions. First, it was demonstrated that, in the absence of CoASH, the enzyme catalyzed amide bond forming reactions by condensation of 4-coumaric acid and the amino group fo D- and L- amino acids. Second, the enzyme generated a variety of biologically active amides including homoserine lactones and capsaicin by coupling the corresponding acids and amines. Finally, unexpectedly, structure-based 4CL site-directed mutants, Y253F and Q345A, catalyzed formation of dipeptides from a series of amino acids in the presence of ATP. Thus, the CoA ligase was functionally converted to dipeptide synthetase by the single amino acid substitutions in the substrate binding pocket.
  • Takeshi Ishii, Taiki Mori, Tatsuya Ichikawa, Maiko Kaku, Koji Kusaka, Yoshinori Uekusa, Mitsugu Akagawa, Yoshiyuki Aihara, Takumi Furuta, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Toshiyuki Kan, Tsutomu Nakayama
    Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry 18 14 4892 - 4896 2010年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Catechins are polyphenolic antioxidants found in green tea leaves. Recent studies have reported that various polyphenolic compounds, including catechins, cause protein carbonyl formation in proteins via their pro-oxidant actions. In this study, we evaluate the formation of protein carbonyl in human serum albumin (HSA) by tea catechins and investigate the relationship between catechin chemical structure and its pro-oxidant property. To assess the formation of protein carbonyl in HSA, HSA was incubated with four individual catechins under physiological conditions to generate biotin-LC-hydrazide labeled protein carbonyls. Comparison of catechins using Western blotting revealed that the formation of protein carbonyl in HSA was higher for pyrogallol-type catechins than the corresponding catechol-type catechins. In addition, the formation of protein carbonyl was also found to be higher for the catechins having a galloyl group than the corresponding catechins lacking a galloyl group. The importance of the pyrogallol structural motif in the B-ring and the galloyl group was confirmed using methylated catechins and phenolic acids. These results indicate that the most important structural element contributing to the formation of protein carbonyl in HSA by tea catechins is the pyrogallol structural motif in the B-ring, followed by the galloyl group. The oxidation stability and binding affinity of tea catechins with proteins are responsible for the formation of protein carbonyl, and consequently the difference in these properties of each catechin may contribute to the magnitude of their biological activities. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Takeshi Ishii, Kanako Minoda, Min-Jung Bae, Taiki Mori, Yoshinori Uekusa, Tatsuya Ichikawa, Yoshiyuki Aihara, Takumi Furuta, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Toshiyuki Kan, Tsutomu Nakayama
    Molecular Nutrition & Food Research 54 6 816 - 822 2010年06月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Catechins are the major polyphenols in green tea leaves. Recent studies have suggested that the catechins form complexes with HSA for transport in human blood, and their binding affinity for albumin is believed to modulate their bioavailability. In this study, the binding affinities of catechins and their analogs were evaluated and the relationship between the chemical structure of each catechin and its binding property were investigated. Comparing these catechins by HPLC analysis with the HSA column, we showed that galloylated catechins have higher binding affinities with HSA than non-galloylated catechins. In addition, pyrogallol-type catechins have a high affinity compared to catechol-type catechins. Furthermore, the binding affinity of the catechin with 2,3-trans structure was higher than those of the catechin with 2,3-cis structure. The importance of the hydroxyl group on the galloyl group and B-ring was confirmed using methylated catechins. These results indicate that the most important structural element contributing to HSA binding of tea catechins is the galloyl group, followed by the number of hydroxyl groups on the B-ring and the galloyl group or the configuration at C-2. Our findings provide fundamental information on the relationship between the chemical structure of tea catechins and its biological activity.
  • Tomohiro Itoh, Mariko Tsukane, Minako Koike, Chizu Nakamura, Kenji Ohguchi, Masafumi Ito, Yukihiro Akao, Sehchi Koshimizu, Yoshinori Nozawa, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Haruo Nukaya, Yoshihide Suwa
    Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 58 12 7149 - 7157 2010年06月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Whisky is matured in oak casks. Many nonvolatile substances (whisky congeners, WC) seep from the oak cask during the maturing process. In this study, three antiallergic agents (syringaldehyde, SA; lyoniresinol, Lyo; and ellagic acid, EA) were isolated from WC. Treatment with SA, Lyo, and EA reduced the elevation of intracellular free Ca(2+) concentration (([Ca(2+)]i)) and intracellular ROS production caused by Fc epsilon RI activation. The inhibitions of the elevation of [Ca(2+)]i and intracellular ROS production by SA and Lyo were mainly due to the suppression of the NADPH oxidase activity and scavenging of the produced radical, respectively. On the other hand, EA inactivated spleen tyrosine kinase and led to the inhibition of the elevation of [Ca(2+)]i and intracellular ROS production. Furthermore, it was found that WC strongly inhibited IgE binding to the Fc epsilon RI alpha chain, whereas SA, Lyo, and EA did not indicate this inhibitory effect. These results suggest that WC inhibits allergic reactions through multiple mechanisms. To disclose the in vivo effects of WC, SA, Lyo, and EA, these compounds were administered to type I allergic model mice, and the passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA) reaction was measured. These compounds remarkably suppressed the PCA reaction. Taken together, these findings suggest that WC seemed to be beneficial to ameliorate allergic reactions.
  • Yuki Sakai, Kazutada Ikeuchi, Yuji Yamada, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Toshiyuki Kan
    Synlett 5 827 - 829 2010年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    m-Nitrophenyltetrazole sulfone (2) was employed in the Julia-Kocienski reaction. The olefination reaction between 2 and carbonyl compounds proceeded smoothly under Masamune-Roush conditions (DBU and LiCl). These conditions were also applicable to our catechin derivative synthesis. Furthermore, phenolic mesylate was also tolerated in this mild reaction.
  • Takumi Furuta, Hitoshi Onuki, Masayoshi Mochizuki, Mai Ito, Makoto Inai, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Toshiyuki Kan
    Synlett 20 3373 - 3377 2009年12月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A concise solid-supported synthesis of artificial phospholipids was developed. Functionalized phospholipids were prepared by introduction of a head group onto a solid-supported phospholipid framework in good overall yield and purity.
  • Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Makoto Nitta, Kana Kasahara, Taketo Chiba, Ye Yiping, Kuniro Tsuji, Toshiyuki Kan, Haruo Nukaya, Masaji Ishiguro, Minako Koike, Yoshiaki Yokoo, Yoshihide Suwa
    Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters 19 20 5905 - 5908 2009年10月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Hordatine A and aperidine have been previously isolated from beer as active ingredients, which bind to muscarinic M3 receptor. In addition, these compounds have exhibited antagonist activity against the α1A adrenoceptor. Although the relative structures of these two molecules have previously been determined, the absolute stereochemistry was unclear. Hence, to elucidate the absolute stereochemistry of natural hordatine A, we synthesized each enantiomer of hordatine A and aperidine from optically pure dehydrodi-p-coumaric acid. Several additional related compounds were also synthesized for structure-activity relationship studies. Chiral column HPLC analysis demonstrated that the absolute stereochemistry of natural hordatine A is (2S,3S), while based on the isomerization mechanism, the stereochemistry of aperidine is (2R,3S). The α1A adrenoceptor binding activity of (2R,3R)-hordatine A is the most potent among the enantiomeric pairs of hordatines and aperidines. Furthermore, the related, synthetic compound, (2R,3R)-methyl benzofurancarboxylate exhibits antagonist activity against the α1A adrenoceptor at a lower concentration than that of hordatine A. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • 石田 均司, 脇本 敏幸, 糠谷 東雄
    天然有機化合物討論会講演要旨集 51 521 - 526 天然有機化合物討論会 2009年09月01日 
    A procedure was developed for quantitative determination of chafuroside A1, a flavone C-glycoside with potent anti-inflammatory activity, and its regioisomer chafuroside B2, as well as isovitexin and vitexin, by selected reaction monitoring liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry analysis. This method was successfully applied to commercial leaves of green tea, houji tea, oolong tea and black tea. High levels of chafuroside A and chafutoside B were found in oolong tea leaves that had been heated at over 140℃. Next, their precursors, prechafuroside A and prechafuroside B, were isolated frommethanol extract of oolong tea leaves prepared from Shizu 7132, Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze, by partiton with n-butanol and H_2O and chromatography on Diaion SP-825, Sephadex LH-20, and ODS C-18, guided by assay of chafuroside formation. Prechafuroside A and prechafutoside B gave chafuroside A and Chafuroside B, respectively, in good yields when heated at 160℃ for 0.5h. Hydrolysis of prechafuroside A and prechafuroside B with pyridine and dioxane quantitatively afforded isovitexin and vitexin, respectively. Based on these results and physicochemical data (MS, UV and NMR), prechafuroside A and prechafuroside B were concluded to be new flavone C-glycoside sulfates, isovitexin-2"-sulfate 5 and vitexin-2"-sulfate 6, respectively.
  • Yoshiyuki Aihara, Atsusi Yoshida, Takumi Furuta, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Toshifumi Akizawa, Motomi Konishi, Toshiyuki Kan
    Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters 19 15 4171 - 4174 2009年08月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Regioselective synthesis of methylated epigallocatechin gallate from epigallocatechin was accomplished using a 2-nitrobenzenesulfonyl (Ns) group as a protecting group for phenols. This methodology provided several methylated catechins, which are naturally scarce catechin derivatives. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Hitoshi Ishida, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Yukiko Kitao, Shimako Tanaka, Toshio Miyase, Haruo Nukaya
    Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 57 15 6779 - 6786 2009年08月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A procedure was developed for the quantitative determination of chafuroside A, a flavone C glycoside with potent anti-inflammatory activity, and its regioisomer chafuroside B, as well as isovitexin and vitexin, by selected reaction monitoring liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (SRM LC-MS/MS) analysis. This method was successfully applied to commercial leaves of green tea, houji tea, oolong tea, and black tea. High levels of chafurosides A and B were found in oolong tea leaves that had been heated at >140 degrees C. Next, their precursors, prechafurosides A and B, were isolated from methanol extract of oolong tea leaves prepared from Shizu 7132, Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze, by partition with n-butanol and H(2)O and chromatography on Diaion SP-825, Sephadex LH-20, and ODS C-18, guided by assay of chafuroside formation. Prechafurosides A and B gave chafurosides A and B, respectively, in good yields when heated at 160 degrees C for 0.5 h. Solvolysis of prechafurosides A and B with pyridine and dioxane quantitatively afforded isovitexin and vitexin, respectively. On the basis of these results and physicochemical data (MS, UV, and NMR), prechafurosides A and B were concluded to be new flavone C-glycoside sulfates, isovitexin-2 ''-sulfate and vitexin-2 ''-sulfate, respectively.
  • Takumi Furuta, Miho Nakayama, Hirotaka Suzuki, Hiroko Tajimi, Makoto Inai, Haruo Nukaya, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Toshiyuki Kan
    Organic Letters 11 11 2233 - 2236 2009年06月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The regioselective synthesis of chafurosides A (1) and B (2) from the same methyl ketone 5 was accomplished using a novel protecting group strategy. Both flavone rings were constructed from beta-diketone intermediate 4, which was readily obtained by condensation of an acyl donor and ketone 5. Construction of the dihydrofuran ring was achieved via an intramolecular Mitsunobu reaction.
  • Makoto Inai, Toshihiro Goto, Takumi Furuta, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Toshiyuki Kan
    Tetrahedron: Asymmetry 19 24 2771 - 2773 2008年12月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The stereocontrolled total synthesis of (-)-myriocin 1 is reported. Optically active epoxide 9 was converted from symmetrical cyclohexadiene 8, utilizing an enzymatic kinetic resolution. The three sequential stereogenic centers of 1 were constructed by a regioselective epoxide-opening reaction and a Hofmann rearrangement. Elongation of the side chain was efficiently accomplished by the Julia-Kocienski reaction. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
  • Yasuaki Koizumi, Hideki Kobayashi, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Takumi Furuta, Tohru Fukuyama, Toshiyuki Kan
    Journal of the American Chemical Society 130 50 16854 - + 2008年12月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The efficient total synthesis of (-)-serotobenine (1) has been achieved by constructing an optically active dihydrobenzofuran ring via a rhodium carbenoid mediated intramolecular C-H insertion reaction, which was developed by our group. Then the possibility of racemization of 1 was investigated using optically active synthetic 1.
  • Haruo Nukaya, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Yoshiaki Yokoo, Yoshihide Suwa
    Yakugaku Zasshi 127 55 - 57 2007年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    It has long known that alcoholic beverages stimulate gastric acid secretion. In the 1980s, controlled studies on the action of pure ethanol and alcoholic beverages on gastric acid secretion and gastrin release in humans have confirmed that beer and wine, not pure ethanol, are potent stimulants of gastric acid secretion and gastrin release and endogenous gastrin is the mediator of the stimulation of gastric acid secretion. Moreover, it is known that beer accelerates gastrointestinal motility in humans. However, the active components in beer has not yet been identified. In this study, we isolated and identified N-methyltyramine as a gastrin release inducer in beer and 2 active compounds, hordatine A, a kind of phytoalexin in barley and cis-isomer, bind to the muscarine M-3 receptor.
  • Nahoko Yamaji, Yoshiaki Yokoo, Takashi Iwashita, Asuka Nemoto, Minako Koike, Yoshihide Suwa, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Kuniro Tsuji, Haruo Nukaya
    Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 31 9S - 14S 2007年01月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Background: It is known that beer accelerates gastrointestinal motility in humans. Our previous studies showed that beer congener stimulates gastrointestinal motility by directly stimulating the muscarinic M-3 receptor. Further, we isolated 2 active compounds (compounds A and B) from beer by liquid chromatography. The objective of the present study was to identify the 2 active compounds that bind to the muscarinic M-3 receptor in beer. Methods: Structural analyses of the active compounds were performed by fast atom bombardment mass spectra, H-1-nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and C-13-NMR spectroscopy. Active compounds were chemically synthesized from p-coumaric acid and agmatine as starting materials. Binding activity to the muscarinic M-3 receptor was used to confirm the activity of the synthetic compounds. Results: It was identified that 2 active compounds had the same structural characteristics: stereoisomers (cis-isomer and trans-isomer), molecular weight=550 and molecular formula=C28H38N8O4. Trans-isomer (compound B) was identified as the known substance hordatine A, a kind of phytoalexin in barley, and cis-isomer (compound A) was found to be a novel compound (tentatively referred to as aperidine). Both naturally present and chemically synthesized aperidine (compound A) and hordatine A (compound B) were demonstrated to have potent binding activities to the muscarinic M-3 receptor. Conclusions: The 2 active compounds isolated from beer, namely aperidine (compound A) and hordatine A (compound B), have structurally and functionally been identified as active entities of binding to the muscarinic M-3 receptor.
  • T Furuta, T Kimura, S Kondo, H Mihara, T Wakimoto, H Nukaya, K Tsuji, K Tanaka
    Tetrahedron 60 42 9375 - 9379 2004年10月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The total synthesis of anti-inflammatory active flavone C-glycoside isolated from oolong tea extract is achieved. Introducing a C-glucosyl moiety to an aryl system and constructing a fused tetracyclic ring characteristic to this natural product were conducted based on the O-to-C rearrangement of sugar moiety and the successive intramolecular Mitsunobu reaction, respectively. This concise and efficient synthetic pathway is applicable to the large-scale synthesis of target flavone and for constructing a large library of related compounds. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Akiko Kita, Akiko Kita, Shigeki Matsunaga, Shigeki Matsunaga, Akira Takai, Akira Takai, Hirotaka Kataiwa, Hirotaka Kataiwa, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Nobuhiro Fusetani, Nobuhiro Fusetani, Minoru Isobe, Minoru Isobe, Kunio Miki, Kunio Miki
    Structure 10 1149  2002年08月29日 [査読無し][通常論文]
  • A Kita, S Matsunaga, A Takai, H Kataiwa, T Wakimoto, N Fusetani, M Isobe, K Miki
    Structure 10 5 715 - 724 2002年05月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The crystal structure of the catalytic subunit of the protein phosphatase 1 (PP1), PP1gamma, in complex with a marine toxin, calyculin A, was determined at 2.0 Angstrom resolution. The metal binding site contains the phosphate group of calyculin A and forms a tight network via the hydrophilic interactions between PP1 and calyculin A. Calyculin A is located in two of the three grooves, namely, in the hydrophobic groove and the acidic groove on the molecular surface. This is the first observation to note that the inhibitor adopts not a pseuclocyclic conformation but an extended conformation in order to form a complex with the protein. The amino acid terminus of calyculin A contributes, in a limited manner, to the binding to PP1gamma, which is consistent with findings from the studies of dose-inhibition analysis.
  • Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Shigeki Matsunaga, Akira Takai, Nobuhiro Fusetani
    Chemistry and Biology 9 3 309 - 319 2002年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Calyculin A isolated from the marine sponge Discodermia calyx is a potent inhibitor of protein phosphatases 1 and 2A. We attempted to elucidate its mode of binding to the enzymes by examining the activity of natural and chemically transformed derivatives. Ten natural derivatives including a new compound, hemicalyculin A, were provided. The structure of hemicalyculin A, which comprises the southern hemisphere of calyculin A, was firmly established by chemical methods. Six compounds were prepared by selective modifications of functional groups in calyculin A. The enzyme inhibitory activity of these compounds indicated that 17-phosphate, 13-hydroxyl, and the hydrophobic tetraene moieties were all necessary for binding to the enzymes. The derivatives lacking the peptide portion were less cytotoxic even when they possessed full enzyme inhibitory activity.
  • KE Volter, GK Pierens, RJ Quinn, T Wakimoto, S Matsunaga, N Fusetani
    Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters 9 5 717 - 722 1999年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The NMR solution structure of calyculin A (1) in chloroform exhibits intramolecular interactions, resembling the original crystal structure(1). In methanol, calyculin A has the hydrogen bonding moieties solvent exposed. Dephosphonocalyculin A in chloroform resembles calyculin A in chloroform and the crystal structure of calyculin A. Dephosphonocalyculin A in methanol resembles calyculin A in methanol. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • T. Wakimoto, A. Maruyama, S. Matsunaga, N. Fusetani, K. Shinoda, P. T. Murphy
    Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters 9 5 727 - 730 1999年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    α1,3-Fucosyltransferase (Fuc TVII) is a key enzyme in the biosynthesis of selectin ligands. We have isolated two inhibitors of Fuc TVII from a marine sponge Sarcotragus sp. They were characterized as octa- and nonaprenylhydroquinone sulfates on the basis of spectral data. These compounds inhibited Fuc-TVII with IC50 values of 3.9 and 2.4 μg/mL, respectively.
  • S. Matsunaga, T. Wakimoto, N. Fusetani
    Journal of Organic Chemistry 62 9388  1997年12月01日 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • S Matsunaga, T Wakimoto, N Fusetani, M Suganuma
    Tetrahedron Letters 38 21 3763 - 3764 1997年05月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Fractionation of the EtOH extract of the marine sponge Discodermia calyx led to the isolation of dephosphonocalyculin A (2). The gross structure 2 was deduced on the basis of spectral data. The structure including the absolute stereochemistry has been confirmed by chemical transformation of 2 and calyculin A to a common compound. Dephosphonocalyculin A inhibits protein phosphatases 1 and 2A with IC50 values of 3.0 and 8.2 nM, respectively. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science Ltd.
  • S. Matsunaga, T. Wakimoto, N. Fusetani
    Journal of Organic Chemistry 62 8 2640 - 2642 1997年 [査読有り][通常論文]

書籍

その他活動・業績

  • 松田研一, 脇本敏幸 バイオサイエンスとインダストリー 77 (4) 306‐307 2019年07月10日 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • MyPR 未開拓天然物資源を求めて
    脇本敏幸 有機合成化学協会誌 77 72 -74 2019年 [査読有り][招待有り]
  • ペニシリン結合タンパク質によるペプチド環化
    松田研一, 倉永健史, 脇本敏幸 ファルマシア 55 650 -654 2019年 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • 松田研一, 松田研一, 富田武郎, 志波優, 兼崎友, 吉川博文, 新家一男, 脇本敏幸, 葛山智久, 西山真 天然有機化合物討論会講演要旨集(Web) 59th 2017年
  • 海綿共生微生物による生物活性物質の生産
    江上蓉子, 脇本敏幸, 阿部郁朗 バイオインダストリー 33 11 -17 2016年 [査読有り]
  • 星野翔太郎, 張驪駻, 淡川孝義, 脇本敏幸, 尾仲宏康, 阿部郁朗 日本薬学会年会要旨集(CD-ROM) 135th 2015年
  • 星野翔太郎, ZHANG Lihan, 淡川孝義, 脇本敏幸, 尾仲宏康, 阿部郁朗 日本放線菌学会大会講演要旨集 30th 2015年
  • 星野翔太郎, 岡田正弘, ZHANG Huiping, 林文晶, 脇本敏幸, 尾仲宏康, 阿部郁朗 食品薬学シンポジウム講演要旨集 6th 2015年
  • カイメンー共生バクテリア系の化学防御機構
    脇本敏幸, 阿部郁朗 バイオサイエンスとインダストリー 73 49 -51 2015年
  • 脇本敏幸, 江上蓉子, 阿部郁朗 化学と生物 53 (8) 497 -499 2015年
  • 海綿動物の化学防御を担う共生菌
    江上蓉子, 脇本敏幸, 阿部郁朗 細胞工学 34 412 -416 2015年
  • ZHANG L., 伊藤卓也, 脇本敏幸, 淡川孝義, 浅川義範, 阿部郁朗 日本放線菌学会大会講演要旨集 29th 2014年
  • 張驪駻, 伊藤卓也, 脇本敏幸, 淡川孝義, 浅川義範, 阿部郁朗 日本薬学会年会要旨集(CD-ROM) 134th 2014年
  • 星野翔太郎, LIHAN Z., 淡川孝義, 脇本敏幸, 尾仲宏康, 阿部郁朗 日本放線菌学会大会講演要旨集 29th 2014年
  • 星野翔太郎, ZHANG Lihan, 淡川孝義, 脇本敏幸, 尾仲宏康, 阿部郁朗 天然薬物の開発と応用シンポジウム講演要旨集 20th 2014年
  • 星野翔太郎, 張驪駻, 淡川孝義, 脇本敏幸, 尾仲宏康, 阿部郁朗 日本生薬学会年会講演要旨集 61st 2014年
  • 星野翔太郎, ZHANG Lihan, 淡川孝義, 伊藤卓也, 脇本敏幸, 阿部郁朗 日本農芸化学会大会講演要旨集(Web) 2014 2014年
  • 森貴裕, 淡川孝義, ZHANG Lihan, 星野翔太郎, 脇本敏幸, 森田洋行, 伊藤卓也, 石川淳, 阿部郁朗 天然有機化合物討論会講演要旨集(Web) 56th 2014年
  • 江上蓉子, 脇本敏幸, 伊藤卓也, 浅川義範, 阿部郁朗 日本薬学会年会要旨集 132nd (2) 2012年
  • 脇本敏幸, 脇本敏幸, 江上蓉子, 江上蓉子, 淡川孝義, 淡川孝義, 伊藤卓也, 兼目裕充, 浅川義範, 阿部郁朗, 阿部郁朗 天然有機化合物討論会講演要旨集(Web) 54th 2012年
  • 森 貴裕, 脇本 敏幸, 森田 洋行, 阿部 郁朗 バイオサイエンスとインダストリー = Bioscience & industry 69 (4) 308 -310 2011年07月01日 [査読無し][通常論文]
  • 内田 賢司, 小川 貴大, 安田 吉徳, 三村 啓, 藤本 哲平, 福山 透, 脇本 敏幸, 浅川 倫宏, 濱島 義隆, 菅 敏幸 反応と合成の進歩シンポジウム 発表要旨概要 37 (0) 90 -90 2011年 [査読無し][通常論文]
     
    UCS1025A was isolated from the fungus Acremonium sp. KY4917 in 2000. Due to its potent telomerase inhibitory activity and antimicrobial activity, UCS1025A is expected to be a lead compound for the drug development. The structure of UCS1025A is composed of a pyrrolizidinone (azabicyclo[3.3.0]octanone) skeleton cross-linked by γ-lactone and the hemiaminal at ring juncture. Herein, we will report the total synthesis of optically active UCS1025A which involves new strategies of the construction of pyrrolizidinone skeleton and the stereocontrolled hemiaminal moiety.
  • 脇本 敏幸, 阿部 郁朗 脂質生化学研究 52 103 -105 2010年05月25日
  • 廣岡 康男, 赤尾 祐介, 浅川 倫宏, 川本 諭一郎, 古田 巧, 脇本 敏幸, 福山 透, 菅 敏幸 反応と合成の進歩シンポジウム 発表要旨概要 36 (0) 82 -82 2010年 [査読無し][通常論文]
     
    Recently, researchers in SmithKline Beecham's group isolated SB-203207 (<B>1</B>) from Atreptomyces spesies, which shown to inhibit isoleucyl tRNA synthetase. The significant biologically activity and the complex structure of <B>1</B> has prompted us to investigate its total synthesis. In this symposium, we will report the asynmmetric total synthesis of SB-203207. Our synthesis features a desymmetric C-H insertion reaction for construction of a bicyclo [3,3,0]framework, stereoselective construction of sequential stereocenters, novel conversion from aldehyde to carboxylic acid and nitrile hydrolysis mediated vinylogous urea synthesis.
  • ウイスキー中のアルドース還元酵素阻害活性成分 血中代謝物の活性
    根本 明日香, 諏訪 芳秀, 輿水 精一, 糠谷 東雄, 脇本 敏幸, 原口 博行, 矢部 千尋 糖尿病 49 (Suppl.1) S307 -S307 2006年04月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • ビールの消化管運動促進作用 活性物質の構造決定
    山路 奈保子, 岩下 孝, 横尾 芳明, 根本 明日香, 小池 美奈子, 諏訪 芳秀, 桝屋 浩大, 脇本 敏幸, 辻 邦郎, 糠谷 東雄 アルコールと医学生物学 25 135 -139 2005年09月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    ビールから単離した2つの活性物質(Compound AとCompound B)の化学構造を解析した.質量分析とNMR解析では,2つの活性物質は同じ平面構造を有することが判明した.立体構造の解析で,Compound B(トランス体)は既知物質ファイトアレキシンのホルダチンA,Compound Aはそのシス体{新規化合物:アペリジン(仮称)}と構造決定された.2つの活性物質の化学合成を行ったところ,合成アペリジンおよび合成ホルダチンAの活性は,ムスカリンM3受容体に対する結合活性により確認された.以上より,ビールから単離した2つの活性物質(アペリジンとホルダチンA)は,ビールの消化管運動促進作用の活性本体として構造決定・同定された
  • ウイスキー中のアルドース還元酵素阻害活性成分
    糠谷 東雄, 脇本 敏幸, 根本 明日香, 諏訪 芳秀, 輿水 精一, 原口 博行, 矢部 千尋 糖尿病 48 (Suppl.2) S90 -S90 2005年04月 [査読有り][通常論文]

受賞

  • 2021年03月 日本薬学会 学術振興賞
     
    受賞者: 脇本 敏幸
  • 2014年09月 日本生薬学会 学術貢献賞
     
    受賞者: 脇本 敏幸
  • 2013年09月 長瀬科学技術振興財団 長瀬研究奨励賞
     
    受賞者: 脇本 敏幸
  • 2012年09月 日本生薬学会 学術奨励賞
     
    受賞者: 脇本 敏幸
  • 2008年05月 新規素材探索研究会 最優秀ポスター賞
     
    受賞者: 脇本 敏幸

教育活動情報

主要な担当授業

  • 生命医薬科学概論
    開講年度 : 2021年
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 生命科学院
    キーワード : (生命医薬科学概論) 有機合成化学,天然物化学,神経,免疫,蛋白質,脂質,遺伝子解析,RNA,バイオイメージング解析,薬剤吸収,薬物送達,痛み,立体構造 (生命融合科学概論/ソフトマター科学概論) 生命融合科学,生命情報分子科学,生命物質科学,細胞機能科学,生命機能制御科学,ソフトマター科学,ソフトマター材料科学,ソフトマター生命分子科学,ソフトマター生体物理学,ソフトマター医科学,SDGs (生命システム科学概論) 細胞増殖,細胞極性,細胞分化,形態形成,遺伝子発現,植物免疫,神経回路,動物行動学,能科学,生殖機構,発生,内分泌,ホルモン,オムニバス,現代生命科学,知的財産
  • 天然物化学特論
    開講年度 : 2021年
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 生命科学院
    キーワード : 生物活性天然分子、分離・精製法、2次元NMR、質量分析、構造解析、生合成、創薬、生命科学
  • 薬学英語Ⅱ
    開講年度 : 2021年
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 薬学部
  • 天然物化学
    開講年度 : 2021年
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 薬学部
    キーワード : 生物活性天然物質、基原、化学構造、薬理作用、生合成
  • 有機構造解析
    開講年度 : 2021年
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 薬学部
    キーワード : 核磁気共鳴分光法、質量分析法、相対立体配置、絶対立体配置
  • 機器分析学
    開講年度 : 2021年
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 薬学部
    キーワード : 核磁気共鳴分光法、赤外分光法、質量分析法、紫外/可視分光法、旋光度測定法
  • 生薬学・漢方医学
    開講年度 : 2021年
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 薬学部
    キーワード : 生薬 薬用植物 漢方薬


Copyright © MEDIA FUSION Co.,Ltd. All rights reserved.