研究者データベース

大山 紀彦(オオヤマ ノリヒコ)
獣医学研究院 附属動物病院
特任助教

基本情報

所属

  • 獣医学研究院 附属動物病院

職名

  • 特任助教

学位

  • 博士(獣医学)(2019年03月 酪農学園大学)

J-Global ID

研究分野

  • ライフサイエンス / 獣医学

研究活動情報

論文

  • Sayed Fathi El-Hawari, Norihiko Oyama, Yukako Koyama, Jun Tamura, Takaharu Itami, Tadashi Sano, Kazuto Yamashita
    Journal of veterinary science 2022年05月09日 
    BACKGROUND: Problems associated with using inhalational anaesthesia are numerous in veterinary anaesthesia practice. Decreasing the amount of used inhalational anaesthetic agents and minimising of cardiorespiratory disorders are the standard goals of anaesthetists. OBJECTIVE: This experimental study was carried out to investigate the sparing effect of intravenous tramadol, lidocaine, dexmedetomidine and their combinations on the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of sevoflurane in healthy Beagle dogs. METHODS: This study was conducted on six beagle dogs. Sevoflurane MAC was determined by the tail clamp method on five separate occasions. The dogs received no treatment (control; CONT), tramadol (TRM: 1.5 mg kg-1 intravenously followed by 1.3 mg kg-1 h-1), lidocaine (LID: 2 mg kg-1 intravenously followed by 3 mg kg-1 h-1), dexmedetomidine (DEX: 2 μg kg-1 intravenously followed by 2 μg kg-1 h-1), and their combination (COMB), respectively. Cardiorespiratory variables were recorded every five minutes and immediately before the application of a noxious stimulus. RESULTS: The COMB treatment had the greatest sevoflurane MAC-sparing effect (67.4 ± 13.9%) compared with the other treatments (5.1 ± 25.3, 12.7 ± 14.3, and 40.3 ± 15.1% for TRM, LID, and DEX treatment, respectively). The cardiopulmonary variables remained within the clinically acceptable range following COMB treatment, although the mean arterial pressure was higher and accompanied by bradycardia. CONCLUSIONS: Tramadol-lidocaine-dexmedetomidine co-infusion produced a remarkable sevoflurane MAC-sparing effect in clinically healthy beagle dogs and could result in the alleviation of cardiorespiratory depression caused by sevoflurane. Cardiorespiratory variables should be monitored carefully to avoid undesirable side effects induced by dexmedetomidine.
  • Jun Tamura, Norihiko Oyama, So Matsumoto, Ryo Owaki, Kenji Hosoya, Masahiro Okumura
    The Journal of veterinary medical science 83 2 234 - 240 2021年02月25日 
    Difficulty in airway management during anesthesia was noted in a 10-year-old, castrated, male Pekingese dog and a 13-year-old male French Bulldog. They showed strong resistance during tracheal tube insertion through the subglottic lumen. Therefore, the airway was secured by using a small endotracheal tube or supraglottic airway device. Computed tomography scan revealed a markedly narrower vertical dimension of the cricoid cartilage compared to that seen in common brachycephalic breeds. Posterior glottis was relatively more accessible for translaryngeal intubation in the present cases. Our findings showed that brachycephalic airway syndrome may be associated with narrow cricoid cartilage. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first clinical case report of airway management during anesthesia in dogs with narrow cricoid cartilage.
  • Keiko Kato, Takaharu Itami, Ken Nomoto, Yusuke Endo, Jun Tamura, Norihiko Oyama, Tadashi Sano, Kazuto Yamashita
    The Journal of veterinary medical science 83 1 53 - 61 2021年01月14日 
    We aimed to evaluate the induction, anesthesia, and cardiorespiratory effects of intramuscular (IM) anesthetic protocol with alfaxalone following premedication with low-dose medetomidine, butorphanol, or a combination of both (medetomidine-butorphanol) in dogs. Six healthy beagles were administered 1, 2.5, or 5 mg/kg alfaxalone IM following premedication with low-dose medetomidine (5 µg/kg; MA-IM), butorphanol (0.3 mg/kg; BA-IM), or medetomidine-butorphanol (5 µg/kg and 0.3 mg/kg, respectively; MBA-IM). Each dog received 9 treatments with minimum 7-day washout period between treatments. Dogs were allowed to breath room air during anesthetic induction. We attempted endotracheal intubation after alfaxalone administration. Alfaxalone produced a dose-dependent anesthetic effect in each anesthetic protocol. Intubation was achieved in 4 out of 6 dogs that received MA-IM and BA-IM with 2.5 mg/kg alfaxalone and in all dogs that received MBA-IM with 1, 2.5, and 5 mg/kg alfaxalone. The median durations [minimum-maximum] of accepting intubation were 79 [0-89], 97 [84-120], and 117 [84-217] min, respectively. Hypotension (mean arterial blood pressure <60 mmHg) did not develop, but bradycardia (heart rate <60 beats/min) was observed in all dogs that received the MA-IM and MBA-IM protocols. Severe hypoxemia (percutaneous arterial oxygen saturation <90%) developed in 2 dogs that received MBA-IM with 5 mg/kg alfaxalone. We consider that the MA-IM and BA-IM protocols with ≥2.5 mg/kg alfaxalone and the MBA-IM protocol with 1-2.5 mg/kg alfaxalone could provide clinically useful and effective anesthesia without causing severe cardiorespiratory depression in healthy dogs.
  • Jun Tamura, Norihiko Oyama, Sho Fukui, Kazuto Yamashita
    The Journal of veterinary medical science 83 1 73 - 77 2021年01月14日 
    To compare the anesthetic effects after intravenous administration of alfaxalone or propofol without premedication, either alfaxalone (5 mg/kg) or propofol (10 mg/kg) was administered intravenously over 120 sec in 6 cats. Each cat received the alternate treatment at least a 7-day interval. Anesthetic effects (tolerance of intubation, behavior changes and neurodepressive score) and physiological parameters were evaluated. Both treatments produced a rapid loss of consciousness, no apnea, and physiological parameters were maintained within clinically acceptable ranges apart from transient hypoxemia. The degree of hypoxemia was greater after the propofol treatment compared with the alfaxalone treatment. During the recovery period, more adverse events (ataxia, muscular tremors) were observed after the alfaxalone treatment compared with the propofol treatment.
  • Haruka Tamogi, Takaharu Itami, Ai Hori, Norihiko Oyama, Tadashi Sano, Kazuto Yamashita
    The Journal of veterinary medical science 82 11 1714 - 1718 2020年12月05日 
    An 11-year-old Toy Poodle underwent a computed tomography examination with contrast (iohexol) enhancement under anesthesia. Heart rate and R-wave amplitude on electrocardiogram (ECG) increased 2.5 min after iohexol administration, and end-tidal carbon dioxide decreased to 12 mmHg. A progressive ST segment depression was observed on ECG. Subsequently, the ECG waveform changed to ventricular fibrillation. However, spontaneous circulation returned following cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Myocardial ischemia or anaphylactic shock was suspected in the dog, which explains the ST segment depression observed on ECG. When performing radiological examinations with a contrast agent, the ECG waveform changes, such as an increase in heart rate, R-wave amplitude, or ST segment depression, should be carefully monitored. This might enable early detection of cardiac dysfunction and the ensuing cardiac arrest in dogs.
  • Seiya Maehara, Naoya Matsumoto, Naoaki Takiyama, Yoshiki Itoh, Yasunari Kitamura, Kazuto Yamashita, Tadashi Sano, Takaharu Itami, Norihiko Oyama, Miri Hayashi, Reiko Kato, Arisa Shimode, Arisa Masuko
    The Journal of veterinary medical science 82 6 740 - 744 2020年06月16日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A twenty-year-old male Asiatic black bear (Ursus thibetanus) presented at the Rakuno Gakuen University Animal Medical Center with a 10-year history of bilateral blindness and cataracts. Surgical treatment of bilateral cataracts by extracapsular lensextraction using phacoemulsification and aspiration (PEA) was performed under general anesthesia. An anterior capsulectomy was performed using micro iris scissors and micro anterior lens capsule forceps. The cataract was removed with PEA using the two-handed technique. After surgery, systemic corticosteroids, anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotics were administered. After cataract removal, the bear had recovered vision, and good quality vision has been maintained to date (15 months). PEA can be a safe and effective treatment for cataracts that impair vision in bears.
  • Seiya Maehara, Naoya Matsumoto, Naoaki Takiyama, Yoshiki Itoh, Yasunari Kitamura, Kazuto Yamashita, Tadashi Sano, Takaharu Itami, Norihiko Oyama, Miri Hayashi, Reiko Kato, Arisa Shimode, Arisa Masuko
    The Journal of veterinary medical science 82 6 740 - 744 2020年06月16日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A twenty-year-old male Asiatic black bear (Ursus thibetanus) presented at the Rakuno Gakuen University Animal Medical Center with a 10-year history of bilateral blindness and cataracts. Surgical treatment of bilateral cataracts by extracapsular lensextraction using phacoemulsification and aspiration (PEA) was performed under general anesthesia. An anterior capsulectomy was performed using micro iris scissors and micro anterior lens capsule forceps. The cataract was removed with PEA using the two-handed technique. After surgery, systemic corticosteroids, anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotics were administered. After cataract removal, the bear had recovered vision, and good quality vision has been maintained to date (15 months). PEA can be a safe and effective treatment for cataracts that impair vision in bears.
  • 造影剤投与後にST下降と心室細動を起こした犬の麻酔経験
    田面木 晴香, 伊丹 貴晴, 大山 紀彦, 加藤 桂子, 堀 あい, 石川 友駿, Wei Yixian, Chen I-Ying, 佐野 忠士, 山下 和人
    日本獣医麻酔外科学雑誌 50 Suppl.2 282 - 282 (一社)日本獣医麻酔外科学会 2019年12月
  • Ishikawa Y, Sakata H, Tachibana Y, Itami T, Oyama N, Umar MA, Sano T, Yamashita K
    The Journal of veterinary medical science 81 6 851 - 856 2019年06月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    To evaluate sedative and physiological effects of low dose intramuscular (IM) alfaxalone, six healthy rabbits were administered single IM doses of alfaxalone at 1mg/kg (IM1), 2.5 mg/kg (IM2.5), or 5 mg/kg (IM5) with a minimum of 7-day washout period. Sedative effects were subjectively evaluated using a composite measure scoring system (maximum sedation score of 16) and pulse rate, respiratory rate, non-invasive blood pressure, and percutaneous oxygen-hemoglobin saturation were measured before and after IM alfaxalone. Loss of righting reflex (LRR) was achieved in all rabbits after IM2.5 and IM5 treatments but in only three rabbits after IM1 treatment. Median (interquartile range) times to LRR were 16 min (15-17), 6 min (6-6), and 4 min (4-4), and median durations of LRR were 0.5 min (0-7), 22.5 min (19-27), and 53 min (48-58) after IM1, IM2.5, and IM5 treatments, respectively. The duration of LRR after IM5 treatment was significantly longer than those after IM1and IM2.5 treatments (P<0.01). Median value of total sedation scores peaked at 10 min [score 3.5 (3-4)], from 10 min [score 13.5 (12-14)] to 15 min [score 13.5 (12-14)], and from 10 min [score 15 (12-15)] to 15 min [score 15 (14-15)] after IM1, IM2.5, and IM5 treatments, respectively. No rabbit showed circulatory depression and apnea although respiratory rate decreased after IM 2.5 and IM5 treatments. In conclusion, alfaxalone produced a dose-dependent sedative effect and a deep sedation was achieved by alfaxalone at 2.5 mg/kg IM in rabbits.
  • Sakata H, Ishikawa Y, Ishihara G, Oyama N, Itami T, Umar MA, Sano T, Yamashita K
    The Journal of veterinary medical science 81 3 425 - 433 2019年01月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    This study evaluated the effect of sevoflurane anesthesia on neuromuscular blockade with rocuronium in dogs. Six healthy beagle dogs were anesthetized four times with a minimum 14-day washout period. On each occasion, the dogs were administered 1.25-, 1.5-, 1.75-, or 2.0-fold of the individualized minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of sevoflurane and received an infusion of rocuronium (0.5 mg/kg followed by 0.2 mg/kg/hr) for 120 min. Neuromuscular function was monitored with acceleromyography and train-of-four (TOF) stimulation of the left hind limb. Time to achieve TOF count 0 (onset time), time from the onset of neuromuscular blockade to the reappearance of TOF count 4 (blockade period), and time from the onset of rocuronium infusion to attaining a 70 or 90% TOF ratio (TOFR70 or TOFR90) were recorded. There were no significant differences in the onset time, blockade period, and plasma rocuronium concentration between the sevoflurane MAC multiples. The TOFR70 and TOFR90 were dose-dependently prolonged with the sevoflurane MAC multiples. There were significant differences in the TOFR70 and TOFR90 between the 1.25 sevoflurane MAC (median: 55 and 77.5 min, respectively) and 1.75 sevoflurane MAC (122.0 and 122.6 min; P=0.020 and P=0.020, respectively), 1.25 sevoflurane MAC and 2.0 sevoflurane MAC (126.0 and 131.4 min; P=0.020 and P=0.020), and 1.5 sevoflurane MAC (97.5 and 121.3 min) and 2.0 sevoflurane MAC (P=0.033 and P=0.032). In dogs, sevoflurane anesthesia produced dose-dependent prolongation of recovery from neuromuscular blockade produced by rocuronium.
  • Itami T, Hanazono K, Oyama N, Sano T, Makita K, Yamashita K
    PloS one 14 7 e0213414  2019年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    In acidosis, catecholamines are attenuated, and higher doses are often required to improve cardiovascular function. Colforsin activates adenylate cyclase in cardiomyocytes without beta-adrenoceptor. Here, six beagles were administered colforsin or dobutamine four times during eucapnia (partial pressure of arterial carbon dioxide 35-40 mm Hg; normal) and hypercapnia (ibid 90-110 mm Hg; acidosis) conditions. The latter was induced by CO2 inhalation. Anesthesia was induced with propofol and maintained with isoflurane. Cardiovascular function was measured by thermodilution and a Swan-Ganz catheter at baseline and 60 min after 0.3 μg/kg/min (low), 0.6 μg/kg/min (middle), and 1.2 μg/kg/min (high) colforsin administration. The median pH was 7.38 [range 7.33-7.42] and 7.01 [range 6.96-7.08] at baseline in the Normal and Acidosis conditions, respectively. Endogenous adrenaline and noradrenaline levels at baseline were significantly (P < 0.05) higher in the Acidosis than in the Normal condition. Colforsin induced cardiovascular effects similar to those caused by dobutamine. Colforsin increased cardiac output in the Normal condition (baseline: 3.9 ± 0.2 L/kg/m2 [mean ± standard error], low: 5.2 ± 0.4 L/kg/min2, middle: 7.0 ± 0.4 L/kg/m2, high: 9.4 ± 0.2 L/kg/m2; P < 0.001) and Acidosis condition (baseline: 6.1 ± 0.3 L/kg/m2, low: 6.2 ± 0.2 L/kg/m2, middle: 7.2 ± 0.2 L/kg/m2, high: 8.3 ± 0.2 L/kg/m2; P < 0.001). Colforsin significantly increased heart rate and decreased systemic vascular resistance compared to values at baseline. Both drugs increased pulmonary artery pressure, but colforsin (high: 13.3 ± 0.6 mmHg in Normal and 20.1 ± 0.2 mmHg in Acidosis) may have lower clinical impact on the pulmonary artery than dobutamine (high: 19.7 ± 0.6 in Normal and 26.7 ± 0.5 in Acidosis). Interaction between both drugs and experimental conditions was observed in terms of cardiovascular function, which were similarly attenuated with colforsin and dobutamine under acute respiratory acidosis.
  • Oyama N, Sano T, Yamamori M, Tamura J, Umar MA, Endo Y, Ishikawa Y, Itoh A, Miyoshi K, Yamashita K
    The Journal of veterinary medical science 80 9 1450 - 1455 2018年08月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Robenacoxib is a novel nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug approved for dogs. The present study aimed to evaluate influences of sevoflurane anesthesia on the distribution of robenacoxib in dogs. Ten healthy beagle dogs (1 to 11 years old, 9.3 to 14.3 kg body weight, 6 males and 4 females) were subcutaneously administered robenacoxib (2 mg/kg) under conscious condition or sevoflurane anesthesia inhaled a 1.3-fold predetermined individual minimum alveolar concentration of sevoflurane at a 28-day interval. The dogs under sevoflurane anesthesia were also mechanically ventilated and received fluid-therapy. On each occasion, serum samples were collected from the dogs before and at 5, 15, 30, 60, 120, 180, and 240 min after the robenacoxib administration. Serum robenacoxib concentration was measured by a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Maximum serum concentration of robenacoxib (Cmax) was 2.2 µg/ml [range: 1.2-4.6] (median [range: minimum-maximum]) and time of Cmax (Tmax) was 90 min [range: 60-120] in the conscious dogs. In the sevoflurane-anesthetized dogs, the Cmax significantly declined (1.3 µg/ml [range: 0.8-1.4], P=0.008) and Tmax was delayed (120 min [range: 120-240], P=0.018) compared with those in the conscious dogs. The serum robenacoxib concentration at 240 min (C240) decreased to 0.5 µg/ml [range: 0.2-0.9] in the conscious dogs, while it remained higher in the sevoflurane-anesthetized dogs (1.0 µg/ml [range: 0.3-1.4], P=0.011). In conclusion, the anesthetic procedure with sevoflurane, mechanically ventilated, and received fluid-therapy might affect the pharmacokinetics of subcutaneously administered robenacoxib in dogs.
  • Sayed Fathi El-Hawari, Hisashi Sakata, Norihiko Oyama, Jun Tamura, Chika Higuchi, Yusuke Endo, Kenjirou Miyoshi, Tadashi Sano, Kazuyuki Suzuki, Kazuto Yamashita
    The Journal of veterinary medical science 80 2 361 - 367 2018年03月02日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The anesthetic and cardiorespiratory effects of xylazine-alfaxalone combination were evaluated in calves. Six calves (age: 6-9 months old; weight: 114-310 kg) were anesthetized with intravenous alfaxalone 15 min after administration of intramuscular saline (0.5 ml/100 kg) or xylazine (0.1 mg/kg; 0.5 ml/100 kg of a 2% xylazine solution). Anesthesia induction was smooth and orotracheal intubation was achieved in all calves. The calves anesthetized with xylazine-alfaxalone required a smaller induction dose of alfaxalone (1.23 ± 0.17 mg/kg, P=0.010) and accepted endotracheal intubation for a significantly longer period (16.8 ± 7.2 min, P=0.022) than the calves anesthetized with alfaxalone alone (2.28 ± 0.65 mg/kg 7.3 ± 1.6 min). At 5 min after induction, tachycardia (heart rate: 166 ± 47 beats/min of heart rate), hypertension (mean arterial blood pressure: 147 ± 81 mmHg) and hypoxemia (partial pressure of arterial blood oxygen [PaO2]: 43 ± 10 mmHg) were observed in the calves anesthetized with alfaxalone alone, whereas hypoxemia (PaO2: 47 ± 7 mmHg) and mild hypercapnia (partial pressure of arterial blood carbon dioxide: 54 ± 5 mmHg) were observed in the calves anesthetized with xylazine-alfaxalone. Premedication with xylazine provided a sparing effect on the induction dose of alfaxalone and a prolongation of anesthetic effect. Oxygen supplementation should be considered to prevent hypoxemia during anesthesia.
  • Sho Fukui, Norihiko Ooyama, Jun Tamura, Mohammed Ahmed Umar, Tomohito Ishizuka, Takaharu Itami, Kenjiro Miyoshi, Tadashi Sano, Kazuto Yamashita
    JOURNAL OF VETERINARY MEDICAL SCIENCE 79 3 502 - 508 2017年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Maropitant, a neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist, may provide analgesic effects by blocking pharmacological action of substance P. Carprofen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug commonly used for pain control in dogs. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a combination of maropitant and carprofen on the minimum alveolar concentration for blunting adrenergic response (MAC-BAR) of sevoflurane in dogs. Six healthy adult beagle dogs were anesthetized with sevoflurane four times with a minimum of 7-day washout period. On each occasion, maropitant (1 mg/kg) alone, carprofen (4 mg/kg) alone, a combination of maropitant (1 mg/kg) and carprofen (4 mg/kg), or saline (0.1 mI/kg) was subcutaneously administered at 1 hr prior to the first electrical stimulation for the sevoflurane MAC-BAR determination. The sevoflurane MAC-BAR was significantly reduced by maropitant alone (2.88 +/- 0.73%, P=0.010), carprofen alone (2.96 +/- 0.38%, P=0.016) and the combination (2.81 +/- 0.51%, P=0.0003), compared with saline (3.37 +/- 0.56%). There was no significant difference in the percentage of MAC-BAR reductions between maropitant alone, carprofen alone and the combination. The administration of maropitant alone and carprofen alone produced clinically significant sparing effects on the sevoflurane MAC-BAR in dogs. However, the combination of maropitant and carprofen did not produce any additive effect on the sevoflurane MAC-BAR reduction. Anesthetic premedication with a combination of maropitant and carprofen may not provide any further sparing effect on anesthetic requirement in dogs.
  • Jun Tamura, Tomohito Ishizuka, Sho Fukui, Norihiko Oyama, Kodai Kawase, Takaharu Itami, Kenjiro Miyoshi, Tadashi Sano, Kirby Pasloske, Kazuto Yamashita
    JOURNAL OF VETERINARY MEDICAL SCIENCE 77 8 897 - 904 2015年08月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The sedative effects of intramuscular (IM) alfaxalone in 2-hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (alfaxalone-HPCD) were evaluated in cats. The cats were treated with alfaxalone-HPCD in five occasions with a minimum 14-day interval between treatments: an IM injection of 1.0 mg/kg (IM1), 2.5 mg/kg (IM2.5), 5 mg/kg (IM5) or 10 mg/kg (1M10), or an intravenous injection of 5 mg/kg (IV5). The sedative effects were evaluated subjectively using a composite measurement scoring system (a maximum score of 16). Cardio-respiratory variables were measured non-invasively. The median sedation scores peaked at 10 min (score 9), 15 min (score 14), 10 min (score 16), 10 to 20 min (score 16) and 2 to 5 min (score 16) after the IM1, IM2.5, IM5, IM10 and IV5 treatments, respectively. The IM5 treatment produced longer lasting sedation, compared to the IV5 treatment. Durations of maintenance of lateral recumbency after the IM10 treatment (115 +/- 22 min) were longer than those after the IM2.5 (40 +/- 15 min), IM5 (76 +/- 21 min) and IV5 treatments (50 +/- 5 min). Cardio-respiratory variables remained within clinically acceptable ranges, except for each one cat that showed hypotension (<60 mmHg) after the IM10 and IV5 treatments. Tremors, ataxia and opisthotonus-like posture were observed during the early recovery period after the IM2.5, IM5, IM10 and IV5 treatments. In conclusion, IM alfaxalone-HPCD produced dose-dependent and clinically relevant sedative effect at 2.5 to 10 mg/kg in healthy cats. Hypotension may occur at higher IM doses of alfaxalone-HPCD.
  • Jun Tamura, Tomohito Ishizuka, Sho Fukui, Norihiko Oyama, Kodai Kawase, Kenjiro Miyoshi, Tadashi Sano, Kirby Pasloske, Kazuto Yamashita
    JOURNAL OF VETERINARY MEDICAL SCIENCE 77 3 289 - 296 2015年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The pharmacological effects of the anesthetic alfaxalone were evaluated after intramuscular (IM) administration to 6 healthy beagle dogs. The dogs received three IM doses each of alfaxalone at increasing dose rates of 5 mg/kg (IM5), 7.5 mg/kg (IM7.5) and 10 mg/kg (IM10) every other day. Anesthetic effect was subjectively evaluated by using an ordinal scoring system to determine the degree of neuro-depression and the quality of anesthetic induction and recovery from anesthesia. Cardiorespiratory variables were measured using noninvasive methods. Alfaxalone administered IM produced dose-dependent neuro-depression and lateral recumbency (i.e., 36 +/- 28 mm, 87 +/- 26 mm and 115 +/- 29 mm after the IM5, IM7.5 and IM10 treatments, respectively). The endotracheal tube was tolerated in all dogs for 46 +/- 20 and 58 +/- 21 mm after the IM7.5 and IM10 treatments, respectively. It was not possible to place endotracheal tubes in 5 of the 6 dogs after the IM5 treatment. Most cardiorespiratory variables remained within clinically acceptable ranges, but hypoxemia was observed by pulse oximetry for 5 to 10 mm in 2 dogs receiving the IM10 treatment. Dose-dependent decreases in rectal temperature, respiratory rate and arterial blood pressure also occurred. The quality of recovery was considered satisfactory in all dogs receiving each treatment; all the dog exhibited transient muscular tremors and staggering gait. In conclusion, IM alfaxalone produced a dose-dependent anesthetic effect with relatively mild cardiorespiratory depression in dogs. However, hypoxemia may occur at higher IM doses of alfaxalone.
  • Jun Tamura, Takaharu Itami, Tomohito Ishizuka, Sho Fukui, Norihiko Ooyama, Kenjiro Miyoshi, Tadashi Sano, Kazuto Yamashita
    JOURNAL OF VETERINARY MEDICAL SCIENCE 76 1 113 - 117 2014年01月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Robenacoxib is a newer nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug approved for dogs and cats. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of robenacoxib on the minimum alveolar concentration for blunting adrenergic response (MAC-BAR) of sevoflurane in dogs. Sevoflurane MAC-BAR was determined by judging dogs' response to a noxious electrical stimulus (50 V, 50 Hz and 10 msec) for 10 sec in 6 beagle dogs on two occasions at least a 7-day interval. In each occasion, saline (0.1 ml/kg) or robenacoxib (2 mg/kg) was administered subcutaneously at 1 hr prior to the MAC-BAR determination. Robenacoxib significantly decreased the sevoflurane MAC-BAR (3.44 +/- 0.53% for saline vs. 2.84 +/- 0.38% for robenacoxib, P=0.039). These results suggest that subcutaneous robenacoxib provides a clinically relevant sparing effect on anesthetic requirement.
  • 伊丹 貴晴, 熊本 奈津子, 石塚 友人, 田村 純, 福井 翔, 大山 紀彦, 川瀬 広大, 三好 健二郎, 佐野 忠士, 上野 博史, 泉澤 康晴, 山下 和人
    獣医麻酔外科学雑誌 44 3 23 - 30 Japanese Society of Veterinary Anesthesia & Surgery 2013年 [査読無し][通常論文]
     
    犬の片側椎弓切除術にモルヒネ0.2 mg/kg/時間-リドカイン3 mg/kg/時間-ケタミン0.6 mg/kg/時間の持続静脈内投与(MLK-CRI)によるマルチモーダル術中鎮痛法を臨床応用した。MLK-CRIによって、顕著な循環抑制を生じることなくセボフルランの麻酔要求量約27%まで減少できたが(p<0.05)、調節呼吸の必要性が高く、抜管時間が延長した。MLK-CRIは犬臨床例に有用であるが、呼吸管理と麻酔回復の延長に注意が必要であると考えられた。

その他活動・業績

教育活動情報

主要な担当授業

  • 総合専門臨床特論
    開講年度 : 2021年
    課程区分 : 博士後期課程
    開講学部 : 獣医学院


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