研究者データベース

齊藤 晋聖(サイトウ クニマサ)
情報科学研究院 メディアネットワーク部門 情報通信システム学分野
教授

基本情報

所属

  • 情報科学研究院 メディアネットワーク部門 情報通信システム学分野

職名

  • 教授

学位

  • 博士(工学)(北海道大学)
  • 修士(工学)(北海道大学)

ホームページURL

科研費研究者番号

  • 20333627

J-Global ID

研究キーワード

  • 光ファイバ   光ファイバ通信   光ファイバ応用技術   光エレクトロニクス   光集積回路   シリコンフォトニクス   計算電磁気学   Lightwave and Radio Science   

研究分野

  • ものづくり技術(機械・電気電子・化学工学) / 通信工学
  • ナノテク・材料 / 光工学、光量子科学
  • ものづくり技術(機械・電気電子・化学工学) / 電子デバイス、電子機器

職歴

  • 2013年04月 - 現在 北海道大学大学院(情報科学研究科メディアネットワーク専攻) 教授
  • 2005年10月 - 現在 北海道大学 大学院情報科学研究科
  • 2007年04月 - 2013年03月 北海道大学大学院(情報科学研究科メディアネットワーク専攻) 准教授
  • 2005年10月 - 2007年03月 北海道大学大学院(情報科学研究科メディアネットワーク専攻) 助教授
  • 2004年04月 - 2005年09月 北海道大学大学院(情報科学研究科メディアネットワーク専攻) 助手
  • 2004年04月 - 2005年09月 北海道大学 大学院情報科学研究科
  • 2001年04月 - 2004年03月 北海道大学大学院(工学研究科電子情報工学専攻) 助手
  • 2001年04月 - 2004年03月 北海道大学 大学院工学院
  • 1999年04月 - 2001年03月 日本学術振興会特別研究員
  • 1999年04月 - 2001年03月 北海道大学

学歴

  • 1999年04月 - 2001年03月   北海道大学   工学研究科   電子情報工学専攻博士後期課程
  •         - 2001年   北海道大学
  • 1997年04月 - 1999年03月   北海道大学   工学研究科   電子情報工学専攻修士課程
  •         - 1999年   北海道大学
  • 1994年04月 - 1997年03月   北海道大学   工学部   電子工学科
  •         - 1997年   北海道大学

所属学協会

  • The Optical Society of Americal (OSA)   The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)   電子情報通信学会   The Optical Society of America (OSA)   The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)   Information and Communication Engineers   The Institute of Electronics   

研究活動情報

論文

  • Naoto Sugawara, Takeshi Fujisawa, Kodai Nakamura, Yusuke Sawada, Takayoshi Mori, Taiji Sakamoto, Ryota Imada, Takashi Matsui, Kazuhide Nakajima, Kunimasa Saitoh
    Optical Fiber Technology 67 102720 - 102720 2021年12月
  • Yusuke Sawada, Takeshi Fujisawa, Takanori Sato, Kunimasa Saitoh
    Optics Express 29 17 27322 - 27322 2021年08月16日
  • Takeshi Fujisawa, Taiji Sakamoto, Masashi Miyata, Takashi Matsui, Toshikazu Hashimoto, Ryoichi Kasahara, Takayoshi Mori, Ryota Imada, Kazuhide Nakajima, Kunimasa Saitoh
    Japanese Journal of Applied Physics 60 6 062002 - 062002 2021年06月01日
  • Kodai Nakamura, Takeshi Fujisawa, Takanori Sato, Kunimasa Saitoh
    IEICE Electronics Express 18 8 20210110 - 20210110 2021年04月25日
  • Takeshi Fujisawa, Kunimasa Saitoh
    OSA Continuum 4 4 1258 - 1258 2021年04月15日
  • Kodai Nakamura, Takeshi Fujisawa, Taiji Sakamoto, Takashi Matsui, Kazuhide Nakajima, Kunimasa Saitoh
    Journal of the Optical Society of America B 38 3 946 - 946 2021年03月01日
  • Takeshi Fujisawa, Junya Takano, Yusuke Sawada, Kunimasa Saitoh
    Journal of Lightwave Technology 39 1 193 - 200 2021年01月01日
  • Yusuke Sawada, Takeshi Fujisawa, Kunimasa Saitoh
    Optics Express 28 25 38196 - 38196 2020年12月07日
  • Motoki Shirata, Takeshi Fujisawa, Taiji Sakamoto, Takashi Matsui, Kazuhide Nakajima, Kunimasa Saitoh
    Optics express 28 7 9653 - 9665 2020年03月30日 
    A general design rule of scrambling-type mode (de)multiplexers (mode scramblers) based on silica planar lightwave circuit (PLC) with small mode-dependent-loss (MDL) is presented for a mode-division multiplexing (MDM) system. First, we consider four- and eight-mode scramblers and demonstrate that if the number of modes is 2N, it is possible to construct small-MDL mode scramblers by using Y-branch waveguides and mode rotators. Next, a 6-mode scrambler, which can be used for four linearly polarized (LP) mode transmission in MDM system, is considered, and the MDL is large if Y-branch waveguides are cascaded simply, originating from the radiation loss of unwanted modes at the Y-branch. We propose a 2 + 4-type mode scrambler by combining 2- and 4-mode scramblers and demonstrate that it is possible to design a small MDL 6-mode scrambler.
  • Takeshi Fujisawa, Junya Takano, Yusuke Sawada, Taiji Sakamoto, Takashi Matsui, Kazuhide Nakajima, Kunimasa Saitoh
    Optics express 27 25 36286 - 36296 2019年12月09日 
    A novel Si four-wavelength multiplexer (MUX) for 100/400GbE composed of (a)symmetric directional couplers and a rib-waveguide TE1-TM0 mode converter is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. Two-lane signals are multiplexed as TE0 modes via symmetric directional coupler (DC) and other two-lane signals are multiplexed as TE1 modes via asymmetric directional couplers (ADCs). Finally, TE1 modes are converted to TM0 modes and the device acts as a 4-lane MUX. The proposed device is fabrication-tolerant due to the removal of the 1600-GHz filter used in conventional two-stage Mach-Zehnder MUXs, and the insertion loss is smaller than those of previously reported Si-based MUXs.
  • Sota Nakano, Takeshi Fujisawa, Kunimasa Saitoh
    Journal of Lightwave Technology 37 21 5479 - 5485 2019年11月01日
  • Kenta Nishimura, Takanori Sato, Takeshi Fujisawa, Yoshimichi Amma, Katsuhiro Takenaga, Kazuhiko Aikawa, Kunimasa Saitoh
    OECC/PSC 2019 - 24th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference/International Conference Photonics in Switching and Computing 2019 2019年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    © 2019 The Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers (IEICE). From random twisting point of view, relationship between inter-core crosstalk and cladding diameter in heterogeneous multicore fibers is investigated. Calculated cladding diameter dependence is in good agreement with measured result.
  • Takanori Sato, Takeshi Fujisawa, Kunimasa Saitoh
    OECC/PSC 2019 - 24th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference/International Conference Photonics in Switching and Computing 2019 2019年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    © 2019 The Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers (IEICE). An ultra-robust Si mode (de)multiplexer is newly proposed. The device is composed of Si wire and one-side rib waveguides. The numerical results based on the coupled mode theory show the effectiveness of our proposed design.
  • Junya Takano, Takeshi Fujisawa, Takanori Sato, Yusuke Sawada, Taiji Sakamoto, Takashi Matsui, Kyozo Tsujikawa, Kazuhide Nakajima, Kunimasa Saitoh
    2019 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition, OFC 2019 - Proceedings 2019年04月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    © 2019 OSA. A Si four-wavelength multiplexer for 100/400GbE composed of (a)symmetric directional couplers and a rib-waveguide mode-converter is experimentally demonstrated. Proposed device is fabrication-tolerant due to the removal of 1600-GHz filter used in conventional two-stage Mach-Zehnder multiplexers.
  • Yusuke Sawada, Takeshi Fujisawa, Takanori Sato, Kunimasa Saitoh
    2019 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition, OFC 2019 - Proceedings 2019年04月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    © 2019 OSA. Ultrasmall TE0-TE1 and TE1-TE2 mode converters based on Si-wire waveguides designed by wavefront matching (WFM) method are demonstrated both theoretically and experimentally. This is the first demonstration of WFM-designed Si waveguide devices.
  • Fujisawa T, Arai M, Saitoh K
    Optics Express 27 3 2457 - 2464 Optics Express 2019年02月04日 [査読無し][通常論文]
     
    © 2019 Optical Society of America. Threshold carrier densities of GeSn quantum well (QW) lasers and the physical reason of low-temperature lasing of current GeSn laser are investigated through the comparison of threshold carrier densities of conventional III-V QW lasers. Electrons distributed over L-band is the main cause of decreased gain for GeSn QWs. To increase the gain (and improve the laser characteristics), a modulation-doped GeSn QW is proposed and the material gain is analyzed based on many-body theory for both qualitative and quantitative simulation. Significant gain increase can be expected for n-type modulation doping QWs. The doping condition for elevated temperature lasing is discussed and it was found that material gain curve similar to III-V QW is obtained for GeSn QW with n-type modulation doping of 6 × 10 18 cm −3 . It was also found that unlike III-V QW lasers, n-type modulation doping is more effective for high-speed operation in terms of differential gain than p-type modulation doping.
  • Misa Kudo, Shun Ohta, Eri Taguchi, Takeshi Fujisawa, Taiji Sakamoto, Takashi Matsui, Kyozo Tsujikawa, Kazuhide Nakajima, Kunimasa Saitoh
    Optics Communications 433 168 - 172 2019年02月
  • T. Sato, T. Fujisawa, K. Saitoh
    IEEE Photonics Journal 11 1 4900214  2019年02月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    © 2009-2012 IEEE. We present an all-optical diode suppressing broadband backward transmission using single-port and four-port photonic crystal (PC) cavities and its operation principle. We find that, by combining a four-port PC cavity and two power-dependent phase shifters that are composed by a 3-dB power divider and two single-port PC cavities, the backward transmission in the nonlinear-resonator-based all-optical diode becomes theoretically 0% for any input power and any input wavelength. To confirm the validity of our approach, the numerical analysis based on the nonlinear beam propagation method as well as the coupled mode theory is performed. The results prove that the forward transmission of-4 dB and large nonreciprocal transmission ratio of 35 dB are achievable.
  • Yusuke Sawada, Takeshi Fujisawa, Takanori Sato, Kunimasa Saitoh
    IEICE Electronics Express 16 8 2019年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    © 2019 The Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers. An ultrabroadband silicon polarization beam splitter (PBS) based on a wavelength-insensitive coupler is fabricated by a standard complementary metal oxide semiconductor technology. The PBS has three identical directional couplers and two identical delay lines with a point symmetric layout. We experimentally demonstrate the broadband operation of the PBS. The crosstalk is less than -12 dB for both TE and TM modes over the wavelength range from 1532nm to 1649 nm. Additionally, we theoretically discuss a tunability of the PBS for the first time.
  • Kazuki Yoshida, Takeshi Fujisawa, Takanori Sato, Kunimasa Saitoh
    Optics Express 27 11 16281 - 16295 2019年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    © 2019 Optical Society of America. We numerically investigate the group delay spread (GDS) characteristics in fewmode coupled multicore fibers (FM-CMCFs) in weak random-bending conditions by using a coupled-wave theory. We qualitatively show the modal coupling between modes in the intraand the inter-mode group generated by bending. The results indicate that the modes of FMCMCFs are less likely to couple with each other in weak random-bending conditions in contradiction to single-mode coupled multicore fibers. To resolve this problem, we demonstrate an optimum index profile and core pitch, where the GDS can be reduced even if the different mode groups do not couple strongly.
  • Takanori Sato, Kazuki Yoshida, Takeshi Fujisawa, Taiji Sakamoto, Takashi Matsui, Kyozo Tsujikawa, Kazuhide Nakajima, Kunimasa Saitoh
    31st Annual Conference of the IEEE Photonics Society, IPC 2018 2018年11月06日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    © 2018 IEEE. We newly develop the group-delay spread (GDS) analysis for a tight-bent coupled few-mode multicore fiber (FM-MCF) using pseudo guided modes and reveal that the GDS of coupled FM-MCF can be suppressed for the first time.
  • Minami Akie, Takeshi Fujisawa, Takanori Sato, Masakazu Arai, Kunimasa Saitoh
    IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics 24 6 2018年11月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    © 2018 IEEE. We propose a taper coupler electroabsorption modulator (EAM) composed of GeSn/SiGeSn multiple-quantum-well (MQW) on Ge-on-Si platform for mid-infrared (2 μm) integrated optical active devices. The epitaxial design is performed by calculating the absorption spectra of GeSn/SiGeSn MQW using many-body theory to investigate the extinction characteristics of GeSn MQW waveguides. Two types of taper couplers are considered for connecting Ge-rib waveguide and GeSn-MQW-highmesa waveguide efficiently. One is an adiabatic taper coupler (ATC) type EAM and it is useful for thin Ge-buffer structure in terms of the extinction ratio. Another is a resonant taper coupler (RTC) type EAM and it is superior to ATC type EAM for thick Ge-buffer. It is confirmed that RTC type EAM can obtain the high extinction characteristics with low-loss and shorter device length (6.87 dB, -3.97 dB, and 215 μm) compared with conventional ATC type EAM for thick Ge-buffer (5.67 dB, -4.9 dB, and 340 μm).
  • Akie Minami, Fujisawa Takeshi, Sato Takanori, Arai Masakazu, Saitoh Kunimasa
    IEEE JOURNAL OF SELECTED TOPICS IN QUANTUM ELECTRONICS 24 6 2018年11月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Fujisawa Takeshi, Saitoh Kunimasa
    OPTICS LETTERS 43 20 4935 - 4938 2018年10月15日 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Takeshi Fujisawa, Takanori Sato, Kunimasa Saitoh
    Journal of Lightwave Technology 36 18 4211 - 4212 2018年09月15日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    © 2018 IEEE. We reported the development of novel beam propagation method (BPM) for helicoidal waveguides and its application to twisted photonic crystal fibers (PCFs) in [1]. Although the formulation presented in [1] is correct, we found a careless mistake in our numerical code. In this erratum, we would like to describe a corrected point in the code and demonstrate corrected results. As shown here, corrected results are very much closer to the experimental results [2]. The corrections do not affect the claim of the original paper, namely, the development of novel BPM and the BPM is more useful for analyzing twisted PCF than a guided mode analysis. II. CORRECTED POINTS Following equations are finite element matrices [Mtz ] and [Mz t ] (the equation numbers are the same as [1]). (Equation presented) In our numerical code, minus 1 is multiplied to these matrices by mistake. Here, we correct this point, and the results obtained by the corrected code are presented. Again, mathematical formulation presented in [1] is correct. III. CORRECTED RESULTS Here, the corrected major numerical results are presented. The condition of the calculation is completely the same as in [1]. For easy comparison with [1], the same Figure numbers are given in this erratum. Figure 3(a) and (b) showtransmission spectra of twisted PCF fora = 0.004, 0.006, 0.008 and 0.0108 rad/μm and α = 0.0136 rad/μm. Dots in Figs. 3(a) and (b) indicate reported measured spectra [2] for α = 0.0108 and 0.0136 rad/μm, respectively. In [1], if the value of a for the (Figure Presented) Fig. 3. Transmission spectra of twisted PCF for (a) α = 0.004, 0.006, 0.008, 0.0108 rad/μm and (b) α = 0.0136 rad/μm. Dots are reported measured data in [2]. calculation is the same with the experiment, the loss is overestimated and we had to fit the value. In [1], α = 0.008 and 0.01 rad/μm were used to compare the calculated results with the measured results for α = 0.0108 and 0.0136 rad/μm. In the corrected results, however, calculated results with α = 0.0108 and 0.0136 rad/μm are in very good agreement with the measured results. Therefore, we do not have to fit the value of a in the corrected code, which is a very reasonable result. The positions of the dips are very close to the experiment with slight difference (calculated dips are on shorter wavelength side) and the background loss at off resonance wavelength can be taken into account (the background loss calculated by the guided mode analysis is almost zero [2]). (Figure Presented) Fig. 4. Polarization power ratio as a function of z for (a) λ = 0.66 μm and (b) λ = 0.8 μm. (Figure Presented) Fig. 7. Transmission spectra of twisted PCF for different values of d. Figure 4(a) and (b) show the polarization power ratio as a function of z for λ = 0.66 and 0.8 μm. The twisting rate is α = 0.0136 rad/μm. Compared with Fig. 4 of [1], we changed the value of a from 0.01 to 0.0136 rad/μm, since we do not have to fit the value any more as shown in Fig. 3. Compared with [1], in the results obtained by the corrected code, the polarization rotation occurrs in the helicoidal system (xyz coordinate). This seems to be reasonable if we consider that the modeling space (where the numerical discretization is made) is related to the xyz coordinate system [3]. (Figure Presented) Fig. 9. Transmission spectra of twisted PCF for (a) α = 0.0108 rad/μm and (b) α = 0.0136 rad/μm. Dots are reported measured data in [2]. Figure 7 shows the transmission spectra of twisted PCF for different values of d. The twisting rate is α = 0.0136 rad/μm (which is changed from α = 0.01 rad/μm in [1]). Qualitatively, similar results are obtained compared with [1] (smaller loss for larger air-hole size). Figure 9 (a) and (b) show the transmission spectra of twisted PCF for α = 0.0108 and 0.0136 rad/μm, respectively, calculated by using the finite-element mesh shown in Fig. 8 of [1]. The positions of the calculated dips are shifted to longerwavelength side and are in excellent agreement with the measured results. From these results, the corrected BPM gives more reasonable and accurate results. At the same time, the claims and conclusion in [1] (mathematical formulation of helicoidal BPM and the claim that the BPMis useful for the analysis of twisted PCF comparedwith the guided mode analysis) are not affected by the corrected results.
  • Yusuke Sawada, Takanori Sato, Takeshi Fujisawa, Kunimasa Saitoh
    Journal of Lightwave Technology 36 17 3652 - 3659 2018年09月01日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    © 1983-2012 IEEE. A fully three-dimensional wavefront matching method (WFM) based on a finite-element scheme for optical waveguide devices including waveguide discontinuities is newly developed. In contrast to the conventional WFM method based on the beam propagation method, the developed method, in principle, can be applied to optimize any geometry including reflection and structural discontinuities. The procedure for renewing refractive index distribution is described in detail. The application for Si-wire mode converters ( TE0-TE1, TE1-TE2, and TE0- TE2) are demonstrated and ultrasmall structure with low loss is obtained. We designed them to confirm the validity of the developed method. A low-loss and compact waveguide structure was obtained by the developed method automatically.
  • Sota Nakano, Takeshi Fujisawa, Takanori Sato, Kunimasa Saitoh
    Japanese Journal of Applied Physics 57 8 2018年08月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    © 2018 The Japan Society of Applied Physics. Transmission characteristics of a helically twisted photonic crystal fiber (PCF) are theoretically investigated by a recently developed beam propagation method for a helicoidal system. Experimentally reported features of the twisted PCF, such as periodical transmission dips, optical activity discontinuity, and circular dichroism, are successfully reproduced in a simulation. We reveal unique properties related to circular dichroism and optical activity in the twisted PCF. Through Stokes parameter evaluation, the polarization state of the input light in the twisted PCF is investigated in detail and the transition from linearly polarized that to circularly polarized light is demonstrated. Furthermore, the optical activity discontinuity is confirmed near the transmission dip.
  • E. Taguchi, T. Fujisawa, Y. Yamashita, S. Makino, N. Hanzawa, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, K. Nakajima, F. Yamamoto, K. Saitoh
    IEICE Transactions on Electronics E101-C 7 518 - 526 2018年07月 [査読有り][招待有り]
  • Takanori Sato, Takeshi Fujisawa, Kunimasa Saitoh
    23rd Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference, OECC 2018 2018年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    © 2018 IEEE. All-optical diode using single-port and four-port photonic crystal cavities is proposed. The backward transmission less than -30 dB is achievable for any input power, while the forward transmission reaches 40 % without magneto-optical materials.
  • Y. Sawada, T. Sato, T. Fujisawa, K. Saitoh
    23rd Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference, OECC 2018 E101C 7 518 - 526 2018年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    © 2018 IEEE. A broadband Si-based two-mode (de)multiplexer is proposed. A wavefront matching method is used to optimize the waveguide geometry for broadband operation. Designed device has about 2.4 times bandwidth compared with a conventional device.
  • S. Ohta, T. Fujisawa, S. Makino, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, K. Nakajima, K. Saitoh
    Optics Express 26 12 15211 - 15220 2018年06月11日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We propose and experimentally demonstrate a low-loss and low-crosstalk Mach-Zehnder mode/wavelength multi/demultiplexer for WDM/MDM transmission based on a Si-photonics platform. A broadband 3-dB mode divider, which is also newly devised here, makes it possible to compose a Mach-Zehnder filter for “mode” and “wavelength” simultaneously. Transmission characteristics of fabricated 3-dB mode dividers are in excellent agreement with theoretical results. Mach-Zehnder filters using the 3-dB mode divider with a free spectral range (FSR) of 20 and 1 nm are also fabricated and the modal crosstalk is less than −24 dB in the 40-nm wavelength range for the MZ filter with an FSR of 20 nm. The tuning of the peak wavelength position by the TiN heater is also demonstrated.
  • Takeshi Fujisawa, Yoko Yamashita, Taiji Sakamoto, Takashi Matsui, Kyozo Tsujikawa, Kazuhide Nakajima, Kunimasa Saitoh
    Journal of Lightwave Technology 36 10 1985 - 1992 2018年05月15日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A novel scrambling-type mode multiplexer (MUX) is proposed for future mode-division multiplexing with large number of modes. The proposed MUX does not aim at high modal extinction ratio as in a conventional-mode MUX, rather, all the modes are moderately mixed assuming that an MIMO-based receiver is used. The proposed configuration is superior to the conventional-mode MUX based on asymmetric directional couplers in terms of the fabrication tolerance of the waveguide width and scalability to a large number of modes. The wavelength dependence is also small since no coherent coupling devices are used, except for mode rotators. A three-mode multiplexer design based on a cascaded Y-branch waveguide and an integrated mode rotator on a silica planar lightwave circuit shows that low-loss and small wavelength dependence multiplexing is possible and a proof-of-concept device is fabricated.
  • S. Ohta, T. Fujisawa, S. Makino, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, K. Nakajima, K. Saitoh
    European Conference on Optical Communication, ECOC 2017- 1 - 3 2018年04月24日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We propose and experimentally demonstrate a low-loss and low-crosstalk Mach-Zehnder mode/wavelength multi/demultiplexer for WDM/MDM transmission. A broadband 3dB mode divider, which is also newly devised here, makes it possible to compose Mach-Zehnder filter for 'mode' and 'wavelength' simultaneously.
  • Taiji Sakamoto, Kunimasa Saitoh, Shota Saitoh, Kohki Shibahara, Masaki Wada, Yoshiteru Abe, Azusa Urushibara, Katsuhiro Takenaga, Takayuki Mizuno, Takashi Matsui, Kazuhiko Aikawa, Yutaka Miyamoto, Kazuhide Nakajima
    Journal of Lightwave Technology 36 5 1226 - 1232 2018年03月01日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We propose the optimum design of high spatial density few-mode multicore fiber (MCF) for repeated space-division multiplexed (SDM) transmission. Numerical analyses reveal that a hexagonally arranged six-mode seven-core structure is potentially better than the other possibility, the six-mode multicore structure, in terms of realizing high spatial density and low mode-dependent loss (MDL) characteristics at the splice point its benefits will enable us to construct long-haul dense SDM transmission links. We fabricate a 171 μm cladding six-mode seven-core fiber and successfully demonstrate low loss, differential mode delay (DMD), crosstalk, and splice-induced MDL characteristics while maintaining the relative core multiplicity factor of more than 50. Finally, we demonstrate repeated optical 12 × 12 MIMO transmission of more than 100 km using our six-mode MCF and erbium doped fiber amplifier (EDFA).
  • Takanori Sato, Takeshi Fujisawa, Kunimasa Saitoh
    Journal of the Optical Society of America B: Optical Physics 34 12 2493 - 2500 2017年12月01日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    © 2017 Optical Society of America. A high-forward-transmission all-optical diode based on cascaded photonic crystal cavities is proposed. To obtain a high forward transmission and a large nonreciprocity, we generate a box-like spectrum by cascading two side-coupled photonic crystal cavities. We find that by appropriately adjusting the distance between two cavities, a high contrast of the transmission and a flat spectral lineshape with almost 100% transmission can be obtained. These characteristics are preferable for achieving a high forward transmission and a large nonreciprocity. Numerical results show that the designed all-optical diode performs perfect transmission with a large nonreciprocal transmission ratio of >50 dB.
  • M. Kudo, S. Ohta, E. Taguchi, T. Fujisawa, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, K. Nakajima, K. Saitoh
    30th Annual Conference of the IEEE Photonics Society, IPC 2017 2017- 709 - 710 2017年11月20日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A low-loss and low-crosstalk Mach-Zehnder mode/wavelength multi/demultiplexer based on silica-PLC platform is proposed for WDM/MDM transmission. The Mach-Zehnder filter for "mode" and "wavelength" can be constructed by newly designed broadband 3dB-modedivider. Furthermore, using Si/silica hybrid platform, footprint of the chip can be drastically reduced.
  • Kunimasa Saitoh, Takeshi Fujisawa, Takanori Sato
    Journal of Lightwave Technology 35 20 4559 - 4566 2017年10月15日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    © 2017 IEEE. Coiling size dependence of group delay spread (GDS) in coupled multicore fibers (MCFs) without intentional twisting is investigated by using a coupled-wave theory. It is shown that the GDS does not simply decrease with increasing bending radius and the optimum coiling size to decrease GDS depends on a coreto- core distance of MCFs. It is also found that a coupled MCF with a trench-assisted profile is suitable for realizing lower GDS with higher spatial density compared with a coupled MCF with a step-index profile.
  • Takeshi Fujisawa, Yoshimichi Amma, Yusuke Sasaki, Shoichiro Matsuo, Kazuhiko Aikawa, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    IEEE PHOTONICS JOURNAL 9 5 2017年10月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Intercore crosstalk of heterogeneous multicore fiber is investigated based on coupled-mode theory. Random twisting model is used for estimating the crosstalk. The crosstalk of two kinds of fibers: triangular lattice 30-core fiber with four kinds of cores and square lattice 32-core fiber with two kinds of cores is investigated both theoretically and experimentally. Unlike previous study, measured crosstalk for all the combinations of cores for both fibers is in good agreement with calculated values with single correlation length, showing the validity of the theoretical model used here.
  • Takeshi Fujisawa, Takanori Sato, Kunimasa Saitoh
    Journal of Lightwave Technology 35 14 2894 - 2901 2017年07月15日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    © 1983-2012 IEEE. A full-vector beam propagation method based on a finite-element scheme for a helicoidal system is developed. The permittivity and permeability tensors of a straight waveguide are replaced with equivalent ones for a helicoidal system, obtained by transformation optics. A cylindrical, perfectly matched layer is implemented for the absorbing boundary condition. To treat wide-angle beam propagation, a second-order differentiation term with respect to the propagation direction is directly discretized without using a conventional Padé approximation. The transmission spectra of twisted photonic crystal fibers are thoroughly investigated, and it is found that the diameters of the air holes greatly affect the spectra. The calculated results are in good agreement with the recently reported measured results, showing the validity and usefulness of the method developed here.
  • Shuntaro Makino, Takeshi Fujisawa, Kunimasa Saitoh
    JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY 35 14 2840 - 2845 2017年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We developed a wavefront matching (WFM) method based on the full-vector finite-element beam propagation method (BPM). The WFM method is one of the optimization algorithms based on BPM, and it can deterministically design optimum wave-guide structures from desired characteristics. The developed WFM method can be applied to optical waveguides with high refractive-index contrast and polarization control devices, which require full-vector analysis. In this paper, the principle and design procedure of the full-vector WFM method are described. Its validity and effectiveness are demonstrated by designing polarization control devices, such as a polarization converter based on a vertical asymmetric taper waveguide and a polarization splitter-rotator based on taper and Y-branch waveguides.
  • Yoko Yamashita, Shuntaro Makino, Takeshi Fujisawa, Nobutomo Hanzawa, Taiji Sakamoto, Takashi Matsui, Kyozo Tsujikawa, Fumihiko Yamamoto, Kazuhide Nakajima, Kunimasa Saitoh
    IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS 29 13 1063 - 1066 2017年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A compact and low-loss PLC-based mode rotator is proposed. The mode rotator with the curved trench structure is designed based on the wavefront matching method, which is an optimization algorithm based on the beam propagation method. The proposed mode rotator is 45% in size (1 mm) and has lower loss (1/5) compared with the conventional structure that has a straight trench. Furthermore, the proposed mode rotator can achieve low-mode crosstalk.
  • Yoko Yamashita, Takeshi Fujisawa, Shuntaro Makino, Nobutomo Hanzasa, Taiji Sakamoto, Takashi Matsui, Kyozo Tsujikawa, Fumihiko Yamamoto, Kazuhide Nakajima, Kunimasa Saitoh
    JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY 35 11 2252 - 2258 2017年06月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A broadband and low-loss two-mode (LP01/LP11a) multi/demultiplexer (MUX/DEMUX) based on a planar lightwave circuit (PLC) is designed by a wavefront matching method, which is an optimization algorithm of PLC based on the beam propagation method. The calculated transmission loss of the optimized structure is lower than -0.3 dB in the wavelength range from 1400 to 1700 nm. Numerical results show that the proposed structure has large fabrication tolerance compared to the conventional structure. The designed structure is fabricated and broadband characteristics are well-reproduced, showing the usefulness of the proposed MUX/DEMUX.
  • Takeshi Fujisawa, Kunimasa Saitoh
    OPTICS COMMUNICATIONS 393 232 - 237 2017年06月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Group delay spread of coupled three-core fiber is investigated based on coupled-wave theory. The differences between supermode and discrete core mode models are thoroughly investigated to reveal applicability of both models for specific fiber bending condition. A macrobending with random twisting is taken into account for random modal mixing in the fiber. It is found that for weakly bent condition, both supermode and discrete core mode models are applicable. On the other hand, for strongly bent condition, the discrete core mode model should be used to account for increased differential modal group delay for the fiber without twisting and short correlation length, which were experimentally observed recently. Results presented in this paper indicate the discrete core mode model is superior to the supermode model for the analysis of coupled-multicore fibers for various bent condition. Also, for estimating GDS of coupled-multicore fiber, it is critically important to take into account the fiber bending condition.
  • Takeshi Fujisawa, Shuntaro Makino, Takanori Sato, Kunimasa Saitoh
    Optics Express 25 8 9150 - 9159 2017年04月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    © 2017 Optical Society of America. Ultimately low-loss 90° waveguide bend composed of clothoid and normal curves is proposed for dense optical interconnect photonic integrated circuits. By using clothoid curves at the input and output of 90° waveguide bend, straight and bent waveguides are smoothly connected without increasing the footprint. We found that there is an optimum ratio of clothoid curves in the bend and the bending loss can be significantly reduced compared with normal bend. 90% reduction of the bending loss for the bending radius of 4 μm is experimentally demonstrated with excellent agreement between theory and experiment. The performance is compared with the waveguide bend with offset, and the proposed bend is superior to the waveguide bend with offset in terms of fabrication tolerance.
  • Yuki Tobita, Takeshi Fujisawa, Taiji Sakamoto, Takashi Matsui, Shota Saitoh, Katsuhiro Takenaga, Kazuhiko Aikawa, Shinichi Aozasa, Kazuhide Nakajima, Kunimasa Saitoh
    OPTICS EXPRESS 25 5 5697 - 5709 2017年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    High spatial multiplicity fiber designs are presented for homogeneous and heterogeneous 4LP-mode multicore fibers (MCFs) that support six spatial modes per core. The high-spatial-density 4LP-mode MCF design methodology is explained in detail. The influence of the number of cores on the cladding diameter (D-cl) and relative core multiplicity factor (RCMF) is investigated. The optimal core designs and MCF layouts with square and triangular lattices maintain glass fiber reliability (maximum D-cl = 250 mu m). For homogeneous 4LP-mode MCFs, a 19-core triangular-lattice fiber gives the highest RCMF of 61.7. For heterogeneous 4LP-mode MCFs, an RCMF of 65.4 is obtained for a 21-core square-lattice fiber. (C) 2017 Optical Society of America
  • Xueqin Xie, Jiajing Tu, Xian Zhou, Keping Long, Kunimasa Saitoh
    OPTICS EXPRESS 25 5 5119 - 5132 2017年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We propose and design a kind of heterogeneous rod-assisted and trench-assisted multi-core fiber (Hetero-RA-TA-MCF) with 32 cores arranged in square-lattice structure (SLS), and then we introduce the design method for Hetero-RA-TA-MCF. Simulation results show that the Hetero-RA-TA-32-Core-Fiber achieves average effective area (A(eff)) of about 74 mu m(2), low crosstalk (XT) of about -31 dB/100km, threshold value of bending radius (R-pk) of 7.0 cm, relative core multiplicity factor (RCMF) of 8.74, and cable cutoff wavelength (lambda(cc)) of less than 1.53 mu m. (C) 2017 Optical Society of America
  • Yusuke Sasaki, Katsuhiro Takenaga, Shoichiro Matsuo, Kazuhiko Aikawa, Kunimasa Saitoh
    OPTICAL FIBER TECHNOLOGY 35 19 - 27 2017年02月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Few-mode multicore fibers (FM-MCFs) that enable dense space-division multiplexing (DSDM) have the potential to drastically improve the fiber capacity. In designing the FM-MCFs, several issues that originate from multicore fibers and few-mode fibers must be considered. In this paper, these design issues such as inter-core crosstalk (IC-XT) and dispersion mode delay (DMD) are discussed. A three-mode 12-core fiber with low-DMD low-IC-XT achieves long-haul DSDM transmission over 500 km. The design concept, fiber design, and characteristics of the fabricated three-mode 12-core fiber are also described. (C) 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc.
  • Yuhei Ishizaka, Shuntaro Makino, Takeshi Fujisawa, Kunimasa Saitoh
    IEEE PHOTONICS JOURNAL 9 1 2017年02月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A metal-assisted silicon slot waveguide for highly sensitive gas detection is proposed. To show the superiority of the proposed structure, the optical confinement factor in the gas region and the sensitivity are theoretically investigated using the 2-D vector finite element method. Numerical results show that the proposed structure can achieve a strong light confinement in the gas region compared with the conventional slot waveguide. The maximal optical confinement factor of 85% is obtained in the proposed structure, which is approximately 2.5 times larger than the conventional slot waveguide. Additionally, the results show that the proposed structure has a large sensitivity compared with the conventional slot waveguide. Finally, a ring resonator based on the proposed structure is analyzed to evaluate the Q factor and to increase the validity of results obtained by 2-D simulation.
  • Taiji Sakamoto, Takashi Matsui, Kunimasa Saitoh, Shota Saitoh, Katsuhiro Takenaga, Takayuki Mizuno, Yoshiteru Abe, Kohki Shibahara, Yuki Tobita, Shoichiro Matsuo, Kazuhiko Aikawa, Shinichi Aozasa, Kazuhide Nakajima, Yutaka Miyamoto
    JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY 35 3 443 - 449 2017年02月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We investigate a few-mode multicore fiber structure suitable for realizing a high spatial density while maintaining a feasible cladding diameter. First, we discuss the impact of cladding diameter on mechanical reliability, and set a target cladding diameter of less than 250 mu m to maintain a comparable reliability to conventional fiber. We then optimize the 6-mode core profile to obtain a low differential mode delay (DMD) characteristic and reveal that a hexagonally arranged 19-core structure can realize more than 100 spatial channels with a cladding diameter of less than 250 mu m. Finally, we fabricate 6-mode 19-core fiber with a 246 mu m cladding diameter and realize a relative core multiplicity factor of more than 60 with a low loss and a DMD of less than 0.24 dB/km and 0.33 ns/km, respectively.
  • Takayuki Mizuno, Kohki Shibahara, Feihong Ye, Yusuke Sasaki, Yoshimichi Amma, Katsuhiro Takenaga, Yongmin Jung, Klaus Pulverer, Hirotaka Ono, Yoshiteru Abe, Makoto Yamada, Kunimasa Saitoh, Shoichiro Matsuo, Kazuhiko Aikawa, Marc Bohn, David J. Richardson, Yutaka Miyamoto, Toshio Morioka
    JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY 35 3 488 - 498 2017年02月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    In this paper, we present long-haul 32-core dense space-division-multiplexed (DSDM) unidirectional transmission over a single-mode multicore transmission line. We developed a low-crosstalk heterogeneous 32-core fiber with a square lattice arrangement, and a novel partial recirculating loop system. The span crosstalk of the 51.4-km 32-core transmission line was less than -34.5 dB. This allowed the transmission of polarization-division- multiplexed 16 quadrature amplitude modulation (PDM-16QAM) signals through all 32 cores over a long distance exceeding 1000 km. We demonstrate 32-core DSDM 20 wavelength-division-multiplexed PDM-16QAM transmission over 1644.8 km with a high aggregate spectral efficiency of 201.46 b/s/Hz Additionally, we examine the effect of crosstalk on the transmission performance of each core, and show that the Q-penalty has strong correlation with intercore crosstalk.
  • Kunimasa Saitoh, Nobutomo Hanzawa, Taiji Sakamoto, Takeshi Fujisawa, Yoko Yamashita, Takashi Matsui, Kyozo Tsujikawa, Kazuhide Nakajima
    OPTICAL FIBER TECHNOLOGY 35 80 - 92 2017年02月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Recently developed PLC-based mode multi/demultiplexers (MUX/DEMUXs) for mode division multiplexing (MDM) transmission are reviewed. We firstly show the operation principle and basic characteristics of PLC-based MUX/DEMUXs with an asymmetric directional coupler (ADC). We then demonstrate the 3-mode (2LP-mode) multiplexing of the LP01, LP11a, and LP11b modes by using fabricated PLC-based mode MUX/DEMUX on one chip. In order to excite LP11b mode in the same plane, a PLC-based LP11 mode rotator is introduced. Finally, we show the PLC-based 6-mode (4LP-mode) MUX/DEMUX with a uniform height by using ADCs, LP11 mode rotators, and tapered waveguides. It is shown that the LP21a mode can be excited from the LP11b mode by using ADC, and the two nearly degenerated LP21b and LP02 modes can be (de) multiplexed separately by using tapered mode converter from E-13 (E-31) mode to LP21b (LP02) mode. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Shuntaro Makino, Takeshi Fujisawa, Kunimasa Saitoh
    2016 IEEE Photonics Conference, IPC 2016 439 - 440 2017年01月23日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The wavefront matching method for the waveguide discontinuity problem is newly developed in this study. The developed method can be applied to optimize the waveguides including reflection. The application for silicon mode converters are demonstrated and ultrasmall and low-loss structure is obtained.
  • Kunimasa Saitoh, Takeshi Fujisawa, Takanori Sato
    Optics InfoBase Conference Papers Part F53-Networks 2017 2017年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    © OSA 2017. Design and analysis of MCFs are described. For weakly-coupled MCFs, coupled-power theory is used to estimate crosstalk and SDM density, whereas, for strongly-coupled MCFs, coupled-wave theory is used to evaluate GDS originating from modal dispersion.
  • Yuhei Ishizaka, Masaru Nagai, Takeshi Fujisawa, Kunimasa Saitoh
    IEICE ELECTRONICS EXPRESS 14 2 2017年01月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We present a photonic-plasmonic mode converter using modecoupling- based polarization rotation for connecting a silicon wire and hybrid plasmonic waveguides on a metal-inserted silicon platform. By using the polarization rotator based on defect-introduced silicon wire waveguide, the proposed mode converter can convert the photonic TE mode into the hybrid plasmonic TM mode. At the beginning, to identify a cross-sectional structure for polarization conversion, we investigate the hybrid parameters that determine the degree of mode rotation using the two-dimensional vector finite element method. Next, using the three-dimensional vector finite element method, we investigate the conversion characteristics of the whole device including input and output ports. Numerical results show that the extinction ratio of 46 dB and the insertion loss of 0.36 dB are achieved. The tolerance of the defect is also numerically evaluated. Our proposed mode converter can reduce insertion losses compared to conventional mode converters based on a taper-introduced butt joint structure.
  • Jiajing Tu, Keping Long, Kunimasa Saitoh
    OPTICS COMMUNICATIONS 381 30 - 36 2016年12月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We adopt dual-ring structure (DRS) for the core arrangement of 3-mode (LP01, LP11a and LP11b) x 12-core few-mode multi-core fiber (FM-MCF) and then introduce the design method for this DRS-FM-MCF. After investigating the characteristics such as differential mode delay (DMD), inter-core crosstalk (XT), threshold value of bending radius (Roc), relative core multiplicity factor (RCMF) and cable cutoff wavelength (lambda(cc)), we present an optimized scheme for this DRS-FM-MCF. For the optimized DRS-FM-MCF, IDMDI is <= 100 ps/km over C+L band, the maximum XT at wavelength (lambda) of 1625 nm achieves -33 dB/ 100 km, maximum R-pk is 11.03 cm, RCMF (LP01, LP11a and LP11b) reaches 25.49 and maximum lambda(cc), is <= 1530 nm. Compared with one-ring structure (ORS), DRS has much more space to enlarge core pitch (Lambda) so that lower XT can be achieved. Furthermore, DRS has less confinement degree on mode than square lattice structure (SLS) if A and cladding diameter (D-cl) are set at similar values. It means that it is easier for DRS to make sure lambda(cc) would not be larger than the lower limit of bands. In this paper, DRS is proved as a suitable core arrangement for 3-mode x 12-core FM-MCF. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • Feihong Ye, Jiajing Tu, Kunimasa Saitoh, Katsuhiro Takenaga, Shoichiro Matsuo, Hidehiko Takara, Toshio Morioka
    JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY 34 18 4406 - 4416 2016年09月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We present a design method of homogeneous trench-assisted multicore fibers (TA-MCFs) based on an analytical model utilizing an analytical expression for the mode coupling coefficient between two adjacent cores. The analytical model can also be used for crosstalk (XT) properties analysis, such as XT reduction amount versus trench width, trench depth, and other fiber structural parameters as compared with normal step-index MCFs. Furthermore, the model can be used to search for core positions for further XT reduction in nonclose-packed structures. For instance, we show that a dual-ring structure is the quasi-optimum core layout starting from an one-ring structured 12-core fiber. Based on the analytical model, a square-lattice structured 24-core fiber and a 32-core fiber are designed both for propagation-direction interleaving (PDI) and non-PDI transmission schemes. The proposed model provides a powerful tool for designing high-count homogeneous TA-MCFs.
  • Shoko Nishimoto, Takeshi Fujisawa, Yusuke Sasaki, Hitoshi Uemura, Kunimasa Saitoh
    IEEE PHOTONICS JOURNAL 8 3 2016年06月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A six-mode (LP01/LP11ab/LP21ab/LP02) multi/demultiplexer based on a fusedtype multicore fiber coupler is proposed, and the coupling characteristics are investigated. The multi/demultiplex operation is achieved by a phase matching between the desired mode of center core and the LP01 mode of the outer core in the elongated region of the fused-type multicore fiber coupler. From the numerical results based on the beam propagation method, it is found that the coupling efficiencies between the LP01 and LP11/LP21/LP02 modes are more than -0.1 dB, and the crosstalk is lower than -20 dB at the wavelength of 1550 nm.
  • Takeshi Fujisawa, Kunimasa Saitoh
    OPTICS EXPRESS 24 9 9583 - 9591 2016年05月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The effect of bending and twisting on the group delay spread (GDS) of strongly coupled 3-core fibers is investigated. For the random perturbation inducing modal coupling in the fiber, two physical mechanisms, microbending or macrobending with random twist, are considered. Calculated results show that both mechanisms lead to the same effect, namely, reduced GDS under strong coupling regime. Furthermore, a novel fiber structure having an air-hole at the center is proposed for reducing the GDS. By placing the air-hole, the effective index difference between fundamental and the higher order modes is reduced, leading to strong modal mixing in the fiber, and hence, small GDS. Calculated GDS of the fiber with air-hole is almost 1/5 compared with that of the fiber without air-hole. (C) 2016 Optical Society of America
  • Jiajing Tu, Keping Long, Kunimasa Saitoh
    IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS 28 7 810 - 813 2016年04月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We introduce an efficient core selection method for heterogeneous trench-assisted multi-core fiber. In order to make the design more flexible, the relative position and the width of one trench are usually assumed to have a proportional relation to core radius. However, it is hard to choose non-identical cores simultaneously, since cores are selected under the requirement of cable cutoff wavelength of higher order mode that is influenced by the surrounding trenches, whose relative position and width are also decided by core radii. Therefore, in this method, we first decide the cores at the outer layer and second obtain a core selection region for cores at the inner layer with the outer cores fixed. Both outer and inner cores are designed to achieve the target effective area and crosstalk.
  • Shoichiro Matsuo, Katsuhiro Takenaga, Yusuke Sasaki, Yoshimichi Amma, Shota Saito, Kunimasa Saitoh, Takashi Matsui, Kazuhide Nakajima, Takayuki Mizuno, Hidehiko Takara, Yutaka Miyamoto, Toshio Morioka
    JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY 34 6 1464 - 1475 2016年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Multicore fibers and few-mode fibers have potential application in realizing dense-space-division multiplexing systems. However, there are some tradeoff requirements for designing the fibers. In this paper, the tradeoff requirements such as spatial channel count, crosstalk, differential mode delay, and cladding diameter are discussed. Further, the design concept and transmission characteristics of high-core-count single-mode multicore fibers are discussed. A heterogeneous multicore fiber with 30 cores and quasi-single-mode multi-core fibers with 31 cores are developed.
  • K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, H. Takara, H. Kawakami, D. Lee, Y. Miyamoto, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Yamada
    2016 OPTICAL FIBER COMMUNICATIONS CONFERENCE AND EXHIBITION (OFC) 2016年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A method is described for applying space-time coding implemented by Hadamard transform to SDM transmission. Experiments demonstrated that the method substantially improves mode dependent loss tolerance and enables transmission reach to be enhanced by 20%.
  • Kunimasa Saitoh, Shoichiro Matsuo
    JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY 34 1 55 - 66 2016年01月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Multicore fibers (MCFs) are expected as a good candidate for overcoming the capacity limit of a current optical communication system. This paper describes the recent progress on the MCFs for space-division multiplexing to be utilized in future large capacity long-distance transmission systems. Tradeoff issue between low crosstalk and high core density in MCFs is presented and prospect of large-space multiplicity of MCFs is discussed.
  • Takanori Sato, Shuntaro Makino, Takeshi Fujisawa, Kunimasa Saitoh
    Journal of the Optical Society of America B: Optical Physics 33 1 54 - 61 2016年01月01日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    © 2015 Optical Society of America. A simple design method for suppressing the reflection of the all-optical diode based on the L-shaped photonic crystal (PC) cavity is proposed. Analyzing the linear resonant characteristics of the PC cavity and using the nonlinear coupled-mode theory, the strategy for obtaining reflection-suppressed structure is illustrated. Based on the design rule, a "reflection-suppressed all-optical diode" is presented, and numerical solutions indicate that the designed structure has a small reflection as well as an extremely large nonreciprocal transmission ratio.
  • Kohki Shibahara, Doohwan Lee, Takayuki Kobayashi, Takayuki Mizuno, Hidehiko Takara, Akihide Sano, Hiroto Kawakami, Yutaka Miyamoto, Hirotaka Ono, Manabu Oguma, Yoshiteru Abe, Takashi Matsui, Ryohei Fukumoto, Yoshimichi Amma, Tsukasa Hosokawa, Shoichiro Matsuo, Kunimasa Saitoh, Makoto Yamada, Toshio Morioka
    JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY 34 1 196 - 204 2016年01月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We propose long-haul space-division-multiplexing (SDM) transmission systems employing parallel multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) frequency-domain equalization (FDE) and transmission fiberwith lowdifferentialmode delay (DMD). We first discuss the advantages of parallel MIMO FDE technique in long-haul SDMtransmission systems in terms of the computational complexity, and then, compare the complexity required for parallel MIMO FDE as well as the conventional time-domain equalization techniques. Proposed parallel MIMO FDE that employs low baud rate multicarrier signal transmission with a receiver-side FDE enables us to compensate for 33.2-ns DMD with considerably low-computational complexity. Next, we describe in detail the newly developed fiber and devices we used in the conducted experiments. A graded-index (GI) multicore few-mode fiber (MC-FMF) suppressed the accumulation of DMD as well as intercore crosstalk. Mode dependent loss/gain effect was also mitigated by employing both a ring-core FM erbium-doped fiber amplifier and a free-space optics type gain equalizer. By combining these advanced techniques together, we finally demonstrate 12-core x 3 mode dense SDM transmission over 527-km GI MC-FMF without optical DMD management.
  • Feihong Ye, Jiajing Tu, Kunimasa Saitoh, Katsuhiro Takenaga, Shoichiro Matsuo, Hidehiko Takara, Toshio Morioka
    IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS 28 1 27 - 30 2016年01月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The wavelength dependence of inter-core crosstalk in homogeneous multi-core fibers (MCFs) is investigated, and the corresponding analytical expressions are derived. The derived analytical expressions can be used to determine the crosstalk at any wavelength necessary for designing future MCF wavelength-division multiplexing (MCF-WDM) networks and transmission systems.
  • Shuntaro Makino, Takeshi Fujisawa, Kunimasa Saitoh
    IEEE PHOTONICS JOURNAL 7 6 2015年12月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A coupled resonator optical waveguide (CROW) based on a slotted 1-D photonic crystal (1-D PC) cavity is proposed, and its enhancement of the optical nonlinearity due to the slow-light effect of the CROW and the small effective area of the slotted 1-D PC cavities is demonstrated. Setting the appropriate slot configuration in terms of the tradeoff between the nonlinear parameter and the leakage loss, a large nonlinear parameter exceeding 10(4) m(-1)W(-1) can be obtained.
  • S. Saitoh, Y. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, M. Ohashi, K. Saitoh, K. Nakajima, S. Matsuo
    European Conference on Optical Communication, ECOC 2015- 2015年11月30日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The inter-core crosstalk of a fabricated few-mode multicore fibre is theoretically and experimentally investigated. By changing the direction of the LP11 mode, the crosstalk between the LP11 mode and the LP01 mode decreased by more than 10 dB.
  • Takeshi Fujisawa, Kunimasa Saitoh
    IEEE JOURNAL OF QUANTUM ELECTRONICS 51 11 2015年11月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Quantum-confined Stark effect (QCSE) of group IV Ge(Sn)/SiGe(Sn) quantum wells (QWs) on Si substrate is analyzed by microscopic many-body theory for mid-infrared (mid-IR) Si-based electroabsorption devices. To show the validity of the theory, QCSE of Ge/SiGe QW is investigated and very good agreement between theory and reported measured results is obtained. Next, the QCSE of GeSn/SiGeSn QWs is analyzed and the QW design for electroabsorption modulators to obtain large extinction ratio in mid-IR region is presented. It is shown that compressive and tensile strained well and barrier layers is preferable to obtain large extinction ratio due to its large conduction band offset.
  • Shuntaro Makino, Takanori Sato, Yuhei Ishizaka, Takeshi Fujisawa, Kunimasa Saitoh
    Journal of Lightwave Technology 33 18 3836 - 3842 2015年09月15日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    © 1983-2012 IEEE. A 3-D finite-element time-domain beam propagation method is described for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, for the analysis of transmission characteristics of any kind of photonic structures. In order to avoid nonphysical reflections from computational window edges, the perfectly matched layer boundary condition is introduced. Furthermore, the present method can treat wideband optical pulses owing to the use of Padé approximation. The validity of this method is verified by numerical simulations of a photonic crystal cavity and a microring resonator. In addition, in order to demonstrate the usefulness of the developed method, a taper waveguide for a highly efficient connection between a straight waveguide and a 1-D photonic crystal-coupled resonator optical waveguide is designed.
  • Jiajing Tu, Kunimasa Saitoh, Yoshimichi Amma, Katsuhiro Takenaga, Shoichiro Matsuo
    OPTICS EXPRESS 23 14 17783 - 17792 2015年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We propose a kind of heterogeneous trench-assisted graded-index few-mode multi-core fiber with square-lattice layout. For each core in the fiber, effective area (A(eff)) of LP01 mode and LP11 mode can achieve about 110 mu m(2) and 220 mu m(2). Absolute value of differential mode delay (vertical bar DMD vertical bar) is smaller than 100 ps/km over C + L bands, which can decrease the complexity of digital signal processing at the receiver end. Considering the upper limit of cladding diameter (D-cl) and cable cutoff wavelength of LP21 mode in the cores located at the inner layer, we set core pitch (Lambda) as 43 mu m. In this case, D-cl is about 220.4 mu m, inter-core crosstalk (XT) is lower than -40 dB/500km and the relative core multiplicity factor (RCMF) reaches 15.93. (C) 2015 Optical Society of America
  • Takanori Sato, Shuntaro Makino, Yuhei Ishizaka, Takeshi Fujisawa, Kunimasa Saitoh
    Journal of the Optical Society of America B: Optical Physics 32 6 1245 - 1251 2015年06月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    © 2015 Optical Society of America. A rigorous definition of nonlinear parameter ? for high-index-contrast (HIC) periodic optical waveguides, such as photonic crystal (PC) optical waveguides, is proposed. The definition is fully vectorial, and approximations assumed in previous works are unnecessary. The ? values calculated by the proposed definition are compared with those obtained by previous definitions, the rigorous nonlinear mode solver, and measured values for weakly guiding optical fibers, HIC Si-nanowire waveguides, and PC waveguides. It is demonstrated that the ? values calculated by proposed definition agree well with those of the rigorous nonlinear mode solver and experiments for all three waveguides, showing the validity of the definition.
  • Takeshi Fujisawa, Kunimasa Saitoh
    IEEE JOURNAL OF QUANTUM ELECTRONICS 51 5 1 - 8 2015年05月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Material gain of GeSn/SiGeSn quantum wells, which can be grown on Si substrate using a buffer layer, is analyzed based on microscopic many-body theory (MBT) for mid-infrared light sources based on Si photonics. MBT can consider a gain spectrum broadening associated with scattering phenomena, such as Coulomb scattering, based on quantum field theory, and does not need any artificial fitting parameters, such as a relaxation time, used in conventional analysis. Not only Gamma-but also carrier distributions in L-points are considered for the gain analysis. Using MBT, the quantum well structures maximizing the material gain and the differential gain at the threshold are investigated in terms of the well thickness, the strain, and the energy difference of quantum states between Gamma- and L-points.
  • Liang Dong, Fanting Kong, Guancheng Gu, Thomas Wade Hawkins, Maxwell Jones, Joshua Parsons, Monica T. Kalichevsky-Dong, Kunimasa Saitoh, Benjamin Pulford, Iyad Dajani
    IEEE JOURNAL OF SELECTED TOPICS IN QUANTUM ELECTRONICS 22 2 2015年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    There is still significant need for power scaling of fiber lasers. Large-mode-area fibers are a key for the mitigation of optical nonlinearities. In recent years, mode instability has shown itself to be an additional significant limiting factor for single-mode power scaling in the regime of a few hundred watts to kilowatts. It is better appreciated now that further power scaling requires significant high-order-mode suppression in addition to a large effective mode area in a fiber. In recent years, we have shown that all-solid photonic bandgap fibers are a superior approach due to their unsurpassed higher-order-mode suppression in large-mode-area designs, making them well suited for applications at high average powers. We will review of some of the recent progress, challenges, and prospects of all-solid photonic bandgap fibers in this invited paper.
  • Yusuke Sasaki, Yoshimichi Amma, Katsuhiro Takenaga, Shoichiro Matsuo, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY 33 5 964 - 970 2015年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The design and characteristics of a novel three-mode 12-core fiber are demonstrated. This fiber has low intercore crosstalk (IC-XT) and low differential mode group delay (DMD). In order to produce such a fiber, three new techniques are introduced to few-mode multicore fiber. A heterogeneous core arrangement with two types of cores, is used to minimize IC-XT; a multistep index, which can control DMD without sacrificing inter-mode crosstalk, is adopted as a core profile to reduce DMD; and a square lattice structure allows for the inclusion of 12 cores within a cladding diameter of 230 mu m. Optimum design of the fiber using these techniques is determined from calculations. Finally, detailed characteristics of a three-mode 12-core fiber based on the design are reported. A fabricated 40-km fiber is confirmed to have a DMD of less than vertical bar 530 vertical bar ps/km over the C + L band and an estimated worst-case IC-XT of less than -55 dB/100 km at 1550 nm. This low IC-XT allows for the transmission of 32 QAM signals.
  • Nobutomo Hanzawa, Kunimasa Saitoh, Taiji Sakamoto, Takashi Matsui, Kyozo Tsujikawa, Takui Uematsu, Fumihiko Yamamoto
    JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY 33 6 1161 - 1165 2015年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We propose a PLC-based mode multi/demultiplexer (MUX/DEMUX) for mode-division multiplexing. We show numerically that the PLC-based mode MUX/DEMUX with a uniform height on one chip can multi/demultiplex four modes (LP01, LP11 a, LP11 b, and LP21 a) by using our proposed LP11 mode rotator and a parallel waveguide. We successfully multi/demultiplex the four modes and achieve a relatively low-wavelength dependence over the C-band by using our fabricated four-mode MUX/DEMUX.
  • Fanting Kong, Guancheng Gu, Thomas W. Hawkins, Joshua Parsons, Maxwell Jones, Christopher Dunn, Monica T. Kalichevsky-Dong, Benjamin Pulford, Iyad Dajani, Kunimasa Saitoh, Stephen P. Palese, Eric Cheung, Liang Dong
    OPTICS EXPRESS 23 4 4307 - 4312 2015年02月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We demonstrate an Yb-doped polarizing all-solid photonic bandgap fiber for single-polarization and single-mode operation with an effective mode area of similar to 1150 mu m(2), a record for all-solid photonic bandgap fibers. The differential polarization mode loss is measured to be >5dB/m over the entire transmission band with a 160nm bandwidth and >15dB/m on the short wavelength edge of the band. A 2.6m long fiber was tested in a laser configuration producing a linearly polarized laser output with a PER value of 21dB without any polarizer, the highest for any fiber lasers based on polarizing fibers. (C) 2015 Optical Society of America
  • T. Mizuno, H. Takara, K. Shibahara, Y. Miyamoto, M. Oguma, H. Ono, Y. Abe, T. Matsui, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, Y. Kimura
    ECOC 2015 41ST EUROPEAN CONFERENCE ON OPTICAL COMMUNICATION 2015年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We experimentally evaluate the relationship between mode dependent loss (MDL) and Q penalty for few-mode fibre transmission. We employ a low-MDL recirculating loop and free-space-optics type MDL equaliser and transmit 3-mode signals with PDM-16QAM modulation.
  • T. Fujisawa, K. Saitoh
    ECOC 2015 41ST EUROPEAN CONFERENCE ON OPTICAL COMMUNICATION 2015年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Group delay spread of strongly-coupled 3-core fibres is investigated through the principal mode analysis. Calculated and measured results are in good agreement and group delay spread can be further reduced by adding an air-hole to the centre of the fibre.
  • Takanori Sato, Shuntaro Makino, Yuhei Ishizaka, Takeshi Fujisawa, Kunimasa Saitoh
    Journal of Lightwave Technology 32 21 3409 - 3417 2014年11月01日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    © 1983-2012 IEEE. A 3-D finite-element mode-solver, based on a self-consistent algorithm, is newly developed for nonlinear periodic optical waveguides. The developed method makes it possible to calculate various nonlinear characteristics based on optical Kerr effect rigorously, including the nonlinear phase shift, the nonlinear refractive index distribution, and γ-value. Its validity is confirmed by analyzing a silicon-nanowire waveguide and a slot waveguide. To show the usefulness of the method, the nonlinear characteristics of photonic crystal line-defect waveguides and 1-D photonic crystal coupled resonator optical waveguides are investigated. Numerical results show that in some cases, γ-value calculated by the newly developed method and approximate linear analysis differs two-orders of magnitude. For instance, γ-value calculated by developed method is 510 000 m-1W-1for a 1-D photonic crystal coupled resonator optical waveguide, whereas γ-value calculated by conventional method is only 5000 m-1W-1. This difference indicates that, to estimate the nonlinear characteristics of 3-D waveguides precisely, the developed nonlinear guided mode solver is required.
  • Feihong Ye, Jiajing Tu, Kunimasa Saitoh, Toshio Morioka
    OPTICS EXPRESS 22 19 23007 - 23018 2014年09月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    An analytical expression for the mode coupling coefficient in homogeneous trench-assisted multi-core fibers is derived, which has a simple relationship with the one in normal step-index structures. The amount of inter-core crosstalk reduction (in dB) with trench-assisted structures compared to the one with normal step-index structures can then be written by a simple expression. Comparison with numerical simulations confirms that the obtained analytical expression has very good accuracy for crosstalk estimation. The crosstalk properties in trench-assisted multi-core fibers, such as crosstalk dependence on core pitch and wavelength-dependent crosstalk, can be obtained by this simple analytical expression. (C) 2014 Optical Society of America
  • Kunimasa Saitoh, Takui Uematsu, Nobutomo Hanzawa, Yuhei Ishizaka, Kohei Masumoto, Taiji Sakamoto, Takashi Matsui, Kyozo Tsujikawa, Fumihiko Yamamoto
    OPTICS EXPRESS 22 16 2014年08月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A PLC-based LP11 mode rotator is proposed. The proposed mode rotator is composed of a waveguide with a trench that provides asymmetry of the waveguide. Numerical simulations show that converting LP11a (LP11b) mode to LP11b (LP11a) mode can be achieved with high conversion efficiency (more than 90%) and little polarization dependence over a wide wavelength range from 1450 nm to 1650 nm. In addition, we fabricate the proposed LP11 mode rotator using silica-based PLC. It is confirmed that the fabricated mode rotator can convert LP11a mode to LP11b mode over a wide wavelength range. (C) 2014 Optical Society of America
  • Hiroki Ishihara, Hitoshi Uemura, Yusuke Sasaki, Koji Omichi, Takeshi Fujisawa, Kunimasa Saitoh
    Optics InfoBase Conference Papers 2014年07月21日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Preliminary fiber Bragg grating inscription to 2LP-mode 4-core fiber is demonstrated to confirm feasibility for optical fiber sensing application. Clear Bragg reflection spectra for LP01 and LP11 are obtained individually using all fiber-optic few-mode multi-core input/output module.
  • Xueqin Xie, Jiajing Tu, Keping Long, Kunimasa Saitoh
    Optics InfoBase Conference Papers 2014年07月21日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We propose a 32-core fiber with rod/trench structures and achieve average Aeff of about 75 μm2, low XT of less than -27 dB/100km, and cable cutoffwavelength of less than 1.53 μm.
  • Guancheng Gu, Fanting Kong, Thomas Hawkins, Joshua Parsons, Maxwell Jones, Christopher Dunn, Monica T. Kalichevsky-Dong, Kunimasa Saitoh, Liang Dong
    OPTICS EXPRESS 22 11 13962 - 13968 2014年06月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Single-mode operation in a large-mode-area fiber laser is highly desired for power scaling. We have, for the first time, demonstrated a 50 mu m-core-diameter Yb-doped all-solid photonic bandgap fiber laser with a mode area over 4 times that of the previous demonstration. 75W output power has been generated with a diffraction-limited beam and an efficiency of 70% relative to the launched pump power. We have also experimentally confirmed that a robust single-mode regime exists near the high frequency edge of the bandgap. These fibers only guide light within the bandgap over a narrow spectral range, which is essential for lasing far from the gain peak and suppression of stimulated Raman scattering. This work demonstrates the strong potential for mode area scaling of in single-mode all-solid photonic bandgap fibers. (C)2014 Optical Society of America
  • Motoki Kasahara, Kunimasa Saitoh, Taiji Sakamoto, Nobutomo Hanzawa, Takashi Matsui, Kyozo Tsujikawa, Fumihiko Yamamoto
    JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY 32 7 1337 - 1343 2014年04月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We investigate the fiber parameters which meet the design conditions for effectively three-spatial-mode transmission and low bending loss in a ring-core fiber for mode-division multiplexing transmission. We also clarify the effective area and the difference of the effective index while satisfying the design conditions.
  • Shota Saitoh, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masahiro Kashiwagi, Shoichiro Matsuo, Liang Dong
    JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY 32 3 440 - 449 2014年02月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We optimized the structural parameters of large-mode-area all-solid photonic bandgap fibers for high-power laser applications with numerical simulations. We obtained an effective mode area of greater than 1000 mu m(2) in bending condition while maintaining single-mode operation and realizing compact packaging for both 7- and 19-cell core fibers. We also found out that a core diameter of larger than 115 mu m could be achieved for the 19-cell core fibers.
  • Takui Uematsu, Tetsuya Kitayama, Yuhei Ishizaka, Kunimasa Saitoh
    IEEE PHOTONICS JOURNAL 6 1 2014年02月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    An ultrabroadband silicon wire polarization beam combiner/splitter (PBCS) based on a wavelength-insensitive coupler is proposed. The proposed PBCS consists of three identical directional couplers and two identical delay lines. We design the PBCS using the 3-D finite element method. Numerical simulations show that the proposed PBCS can achieve the transmittance of more than 90% over a wide wavelength range from 1450 to 1650 nm for both TE and TM polarized modes.
  • Jiajing Tu, Kunimasa Saitoh, Katsuhiro Takenaga, Shoichiro Matsuo
    OPTICS EXPRESS 22 4 4329 - 4341 2014年02月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We propose a kind of heterogeneous multi-core fiber (Hetero-MCF) with trench-assisted multi-step index few-mode core (TA-MSI-FMC) deployed inside. After analyzing the impact of each parameter on differential mode delay (DMD), we design a couple of TA-MSI-FMCs with A(eff) of 110 mu m(2) for LP01 mode. DMD of each TA-MSI-FMC is smaller than vertical bar 170 vertical bar ps/km over C + L band and the total DMD can approach almost 0 ps/km over C + L band if we adopt DMD managed transmission line technique by using only one kind of Hetero-TA-FM-MCF. For such Hetero-TA-FM-MCF, crosstalk is about -30 dB/100km at wavelength of 1550 nm as bending radius becomes larger than 15 cm, core number can reach 12, a relative core multiplicity factor (RCMF) is 15.7, and the RCMF can even reach 26.1 if we treat LP11 mode as two special modes thanks to the multiple-input-multiple-output technology. (C) 2014 Optical Society of America
  • Y. Sasaki, Y. Amma, K. Takenaga, N. Guan, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    2014 IEEE PHOTONICS SOCIETY SUMMER TOPICAL MEETING SERIES 164 - 165 2014年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Few-mode multicore fiber (FM-MCF) has the potential to improve the transmission capacity of a fiber drastically. Challenges in designing FM-MCF and characteristics of our fabricated FM-MCF for highly dense space-division multiplexing are reviewed.
  • N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, M. Koshiba, F. Yamamoto
    NEXT-GENERATION OPTICAL COMMUNICATION: COMPONENTS, SUB-SYSTEMS, AND SYSTEMS III 9009 2014年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We propose a PLC-based multi/demultiplexer (MUX/DEMUX) with a mode conversion function for mode division multiplexing (MDM) transmission applications. The PLC-based mode MUX/DEMUX can realize a low insertion loss and a wide working wavelength bandwidth. We designed and demonstrated a two-mode ( LP01 and LP11 modes) and a three-mode ( LP01, LP11, and LP21 modes) MUX/DEMUX for use in the C-band.
  • T. Mizuno, T. Kobayashi, H. Takara, A. Sano, H. Kawakami, T. Nakagawa, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, T. Goh, M. Oguma, T. Sakamoto, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, T. Morioka
    2014 OPTICAL FIBER COMMUNICATIONS CONFERENCE AND EXHIBITION (OFC) 2014年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We demonstrate dense SDM transmission of 20-WDM multi-carrier PDM-32QAM signals over a 40-km 12-core x 3-mode fiber with 247.9-b/s/Hz spectral efficiency. Parallel MIMO equalization enables 21-ns DMD compensation with 61 TDE taps per subcarrier.
  • H. Uemura, K. Omichi, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    2014 OPTOELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATIONS CONFERENCE AND AUSTRALIAN CONFERENCE ON OPTICAL FIBRE TECHNOLOGY (OECC/ACOFT 2014) 49 - + 2014年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Fan-in/fan-out device for splicing to 12 core multi-core fiber is fabricated. Maximum loss of 4.7 dB at C-band and the worst crosstalk of -45 dB are confirmed in fan-in and fan-out with 20 m-long MCF.
  • Motoki Kasahara, Kunimasa Saitoh, Taiji Sakamoto, Nobutomo Hanzawa, Takashi Matsui, Kyozo Tsujikawa, Fumihiko Yamamoto, Masanori Koshiba
    IEEE PHOTONICS JOURNAL 5 6 2013年12月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We investigate the fiber parameters that meet the design conditions for low bending loss and an effectively few-mode operation on few-mode fibers with a step-index profile and a W-shaped refractive index profile for mode-division multiplexing transmission. We also clarify the limits of effective area enlargement and the difference of the effective index while satisfying the design conditions.
  • Hanzawa Nobutomo, Saitoh Kunimasa, Sakamoto Taiji, Matsui Takashi, Tsujikawa Kyozo, Koshiba Masanori, Yamamoto Fumihiko
    Optics express 21 22 25752 - 25760 Optical Society of America 2013年11月04日 
    We proposed a PLC-based mode multi/demultiplexer (MUX/DEMUX) with an asymmetric parallel waveguide for mode division multiplexed (MDM) transmission. The mode MUX/DEMUX including a mode conversion function with an asymmetric parallel waveguide can be realized by matching the effective indices of the LP01 and LP11 modes of two waveguides. We report the design of a mode MUX/DEMUX that can support C-band WDM-MDM transmission. The fabricated mode MUX/DEMUX realized a low insertion loss of less than 1.3 dB and high a mode extinction ratio that exceeded 15 dB. We used the fabricated mode MUX/DEMUX to achieve a successful 2 mode x 4 wavelength x 10 Gbps transmission over a 9 km two-mode fiber with a penalty of less than 1 dB. ©2013 Optical Society of America
  • Yuhei Ishizaka, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    IEEE PHOTONICS JOURNAL 5 5 2013年10月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We present transmission-efficient bent and crossing silicon slot waveguides for compact silicon slot waveguide-based circuits. To begin with, using the 3-D vector finite-element method, we investigate the transmission characteristics of a bent silicon slot waveguide with an asymmetric slot that is connected to straight waveguides. Numerical results show that the transmission efficiency can be improved by optimizing a taper structure that is introduced between the bend of an asymmetric slot waveguide and its straight input/output waveguides. Next, we investigate the transmission characteristics of a 3-D crossing silicon slot waveguide that has a vertical coupler. Numerical results show that our crossing structure can achieve a high transmission efficiency compared with conventional structures.
  • Shuntaro Makino, Yuhei Ishizaka, Yuki Kawaguchi, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY 31 15 2565 - 2569 2013年08月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We propose the coupled ring resonator based on one-dimensional photonic crystal (1-D PC) nanocavity. The proposed structure is composed by introducing 1-D PC nanocavity into the CROW based on ring resonator, and we expect that it can achieve small group velocity. We investigate the transmission characteristics of the proposed structure by using 2-D scalar finite element method (FEM) for periodic waveguide analysis. We obtained the group velocity v(g) = 0.033c with c being light velocity in vacuum because of combining 1-D PC nanocavity and CROW based on ring resonator. Moreover, we consider reduction of footprint of the proposed structure for photonic integration.
  • Taiji Sakamoto, Takayoshi Mori, Takashi Yamamoto, Nobutomo Hanzawa, Shigeru Tomita, Fumihiko Yamamoto, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY 31 13 2192 - 2199 2013年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We propose a mode-division multiplexing (MDM) transmission system with differential mode delay (DMD) independent low computational complexity MIMO processing. We adjusted the delay time of the delay units in the equalizer in accordance with the DMD value of the fiber, and the functional imperfection of the mode MUX/DEMUX can be compensated for with low computational complexity by using this technique. Finally, we investigated the crosstalk characteristics of the PLC-based MUX/DEMUX and achieved an experimental WDM-MDM transmission over the C-L band with low MIMO processing complexity even when using a few-mode fiber with a high DMD.
  • Itaru Ishida, Hiroki Hamaguchi, Katsuhiro Takenaga, Shoichiro Matsuo, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS 25 13 1270 - 1273 2013年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Longitudinal power decay because of the inter-core crosstalk of a weakly-coupled multi-core fiber is numerically simulated by solving coupled power equation and measured using bi-directional optical time domain reflectometer technique. The power decay caused by the inter-core crosstalk is observed on the measured optical time domain reflectometer data. The simulated power decay shows good agreement with the measured power decay. The power decay of the outer core excitation is gentler than that of the center core excitation. The center core and outer cores of multi-core fibers with a hexagonal close-packed structure show the different crosstalk characteristics until the power of all cores is saturated.
  • Masa-aki Komatsu, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    OPTICS COMMUNICATIONS 298 180 - 184 2013年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We present an optimum design of highly-nonlinear horizontal slot waveguides consisting of silicon and silicon nanocrystais with flat dispersion characteristics. Results from numerical simulations show that the nonlinear coefficient of 6600 W-1 m(-1) at 1550-nm wavelength and the dispersion values between -150 and 150 ps/nm/km in the S, C, and L bands can be achieved. In addition, when we limit the operating bandwidth to C-band, the most tolerant slot height is 20 nm for the 10 nm fabrication errors of waveguide width and high-index region height. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • Akihide Sano, Hidehiko Takara, Takayuki Kobayashi, Hiroto Kawakami, Hiroki Kishikawa, Tadao Nakagawa, Yutaka Miyamoto, Yoshiteru Abe, Hirotaka Ono, Kota Shikama, Munehiko Nagatani, Takayoshi Mori, Yusuke Sasaki, Itaru Ishida, Katsuhiro Takenaga, Shoichiro Matsuo, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba, Makoto Yamada, Hiroji Masuda, Toshio Morioka
    OPTICS EXPRESS 21 14 16777 - 16783 2013年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We demonstrate bidirectional transmission over 450 km of newly-developed dual-ring structured 12-core fiber with large effective area and low crosstalk. Inter-core crosstalk is suppressed by employing propagation-direction interleaving, and 409-Tb/s capacities are achieved for both directions. (C) 2013 Optical Society of America
  • Yoshinari Awaji, Kunimasa Saitoh, Shoichiro Matsuo
    Optical Fiber Telecommunications VIB: Systems and Networks: Sixth Edition 617 - 651 2013年05月13日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Multi-core fiber (MCF) transmission technologies have been widely studied as the simplest form of space-division multiplexing (SDM). Many types of MCFs exist,but the most common is "Uncoupled MCF" where each individual core is assumed to be an independent optical path. The key issue in these systems is how to suppress the inter-core crosstalk and the coupling/de-coupling mechanism. Currently, many MCF varieties, coupling methods, splicing techniques, and transmission schemes have been proposed and demonstrated and despite many of the component technologies still being in the development stage, MCF systems already present the capability for huge transmission capacity. In this chapter, these component technologies and early experimental trials of MCF transmission are reviewed. At first, we provide an overview of medium- to long-haul MCF transmission and theories. Secondly, coupling technologies between MCF-SMF and MCF-MCF are reviewed. Finally, several experimental demonstrations, including transmission exceeding 100. Tb/s and over 1000. km, are described.
  • Shuntaro Makino, Yuhei Ishizaka, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    IEEE PHOTONICS JOURNAL 5 2 2013年04月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We investigate slow-light-enhanced nonlinear characteristics in slot waveguides composed of photonic crystal (PC) nanobeam cavities. To evaluate the effective nonlinear coefficient, numerical simulations are performed by using 3-D vector finite-element method for periodic waveguide analysis. Results show that the maximum nonlinear coefficient of 11 600 m(-1) W-1 is obtained by optimizing waveguide width and height. This high optical nonlinearity is realized owing to strong light confinement at slotted geometry and small group velocity in PC nanobeam cavities. Also, we show that there exists tradeoff between the effective nonlinear coefficient and the bandwidth in the case of changing one-period length of the proposed structure.
  • Emi Saitoh, Yuki Kawaguchi, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    IEEE PHOTONICS JOURNAL 5 2 2013年04月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We propose a TE/TM-pass polarizer based on a shallow X-cut lithium niobate-on-insulator (LNOI) ridge waveguide. In shallow X-cut LNOI ridge waveguides, the leaky mode is interchanged between TE and TM polarization waves depending on the ridge waveguide height. The phenomenon does not occur in silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguides. We use this special loss mechanism for TE/TM-pass polarizers. We evaluate structural and wavelength dependencies of polarizers by a vectorial finite-element method. The extinction ratios of 108 dB/mm and 27 dB/mm are obtained for TE-pass and TM-pass polarizers.
  • Tetsuya Hayashi, Takashi Sasaki, Eisuke Sasaoka, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    Optics Express 21 5 5401 - 5412 2013年03月11日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We have derived an intuitively interpretable expression of the average power-coupling coefficient for estimating the inter-core crosstalk of the multicore fiber. Based on the derived expression, we discuss how the structure fluctuation and macrobend can affect the crosstalk, and organize previously reported methods for crosstalk suppression. We also discuss how the microbending can affect the crosstalk in homogeneous and heterogeneous MCFs, based on the derived expression and previously reported measurement results. © 2013 Optical Society of America.
  • Yusuke Sasaki, Yoshimichi Amma, Katsuhiro Takenaga, Shoichiro Matsuo, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    IET Conference Publications 2013 622 13 - 15 2013年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Trench-assisted few-mode multicore fiber with high-multiplicity and low-crosstalk characteristics was designed and fabricated. The core supported two-LP-mode transmission over C+L band. The fabricated fiber realized the worst case crosstalk of smaller than -30 dB/100km at 1625 nm with cladding diameter of 195.4 μm.
  • Taiji Sakamoto, Kunimasa Saitoh, Nobutomo Hanzawa, Kyozo Tsujikawa, Lin Ma, Masanori Koshiba, Fumihiko Yamamoto
    IET Conference Publications 2013 622 7 - 9 2013年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We report 125 μm-cladding multi-core fiber for high-density space-division multiplexing transmission. We show numerically that a hole-assisted structure can reduce both crosstalk and leakage loss. We achieved 125 μm-cladding 6-core fiber experimentally with a low crosstalk of less than -30 dB/100km and a high normalized core multiplicity of 6.0.
  • Tetsuya Hayashi, Toshiki Taru, Takashi Sasaki, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    IET Conference Publications 2013 622 10 - 12 2013年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We developed simplified coupled-power equations including cladding modes, and revealed that crosstalk in tightly bent multi-core fibers can be increased from the existing predictions. The crosstalk increase was proportional to the square of the bend loss coefficient, and validated by experimental results, for the first time.
  • Nobutomo Hanzawa, Kunimasa Saitoh, Taiji Sakamoto, Kyozo Tsujikawa, Takui Uematsu, Masanori Koshiba, Fumihiko Yamamoto
    IET Conference Publications 2013 622 183 - 185 2013年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We demonstrated a three-mode multi/demultiplexer (MUX/DEMUX) using parallel waveguides with a uniform height for mode division multiplexing transmission. The mode conversion of the LP01 mode to the LP11 and LP21 modes in the C-band was achieved using a fabricated MUX/DEMUX.
  • S. Matsuo, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering 8647 2013年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The characteristics of a multicore fiber with one-ring structure are reviewed. The one-ring structure, which has no center core, can overcome issues on the hexagonal close-pack structure that is the most popular multicore structure. The onering structure has flexibility in the number of cores and is unrelated to the core pitch limitation due to cutoff wavelength lengthening thank to no center core structure. The one-ring structure is effective to suppress the worst case crosstalk that is crosstalk assuming all cores carry equal signal power. In the case of hexagonal close-pack structure, the worst case crosstalk of an inner core is 7.8 dB larger than that between two cores. The different worst crosstalk is observed depending on the number of nearest neighbor cores. The one-ring structure can limit the degradation to 3.0 dB for all cores. Fabricated 12-core fiber with the one-ring structure based on the simulation realized effective core area of 80 m2 and very low crosstalk less than -40 dB after 100-km propagation. © 2012 SPIE.
  • S. Matsuo, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    2013 OPTICAL FIBER COMMUNICATION CONFERENCE AND EXPOSITION AND THE NATIONAL FIBER OPTIC ENGINEERS CONFERENCE (OFC/NFOEC) 2013年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    This paper reviews research activities concerning multi-core fiber, few-mode fiber and few-mode multi-core fiber. The characteristic of the 12-core fiber that was used for the first 1-Pb/s/fiber transmission experiments is presented.
  • Kunimasa Saitoh, Shoichiro Matsuo
    NANOPHOTONICS 2 5-6 441 - 454 2013年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We experience Internet traffic growth of 100 times every 10 years. However, the capacity of existing standard single-mode fiber is approaching its fundamental limit regardless of significant realization of transmission technologies which allow for high spectral efficiencies. Space division multiplexing (SDM) based on multicore fibers (MCFs) has emerged as a solution to the problem of saturation of the capacity of optical transmission systems. This article presents the recent progress on the MCFs for future large capacity long-distance transmission systems. In MCFs, there is a tradeoff relationship between low crosstalk and high multiplicity, therefore the maximum number of cores and the core arrangement have to be carefully determined based on the required crosstalk level and core size. The state-of-the-art of fabricated MCFs and the transmission experiments using MCFs are reviewed. The current maximum capacity-distance product in MCF transmission is 368.2 (184.1+184.1) Pb/s/fiber km with the relative spatial efficiency of 4.7 compared with a standard single-mode fiber. In order to increase the spatial efficiency as well as the capacity-distance product further in MCFs, the possibility of heterogeneous MCFs and few-mode MCFs is also presented.
  • Jiajing Tu, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba, Katsuhiro Takenaga, Shoichiro Matsuo
    Journal of Lightwave Technology 31 15 2590 - 2598 2013年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We describe and explain the design methods for the cores, trench layers and core number in multi-core fibers (MCFs) in detail. According to such method, we propose relative optimized design schemes for heterogeneous trench-assisted multi-core fiber (Hetero-TA-MCF), inside which cores are arranged in one-ring structure. This Hetero-TA-MCF is a kind of bend-insensitive MCF with high density of cores and ultra-low crosstalk. © 1983-2012 IEEE.
  • Shoichiro Matsuo, Yusuke Sasaki, Tsuyoshi Akamatsu, Itaru Ishida, Katsuhiro Takenaga, Kazuhiro Okuyama, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Kosihba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 20 27 28398 - 28408 2012年12月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The feature of a multicore fiber with one-ring structure is theoretically analyzed and experimentally demonstrated. The one-ring structure overcomes the issues of the hexagonal close-pack structure. The possibility of 10-core fiber with A(eff) of 110 mu m(2) and 12-core fiber with A(eff) of 80 mu m(2) is theoretically presented. The fabricated 12-core fibers based on the simulation results realized A(eff) of 80 mu m(2) and crosstalk less than -40 dB at 1550 nm after 100-km propagation. The MCF with the number of core larger than seven and the small crosstalk was demonstrated for the first time. (C) 2012 Optical Society of America
  • Yusuke Sasaki, Katsuhiro Takenaga, Ning Guan, Shoichiro Matsuo, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 20 26 B77 - B84 2012年12月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Characteristics of few-mode multi-core fiber (FM-MCF) were numerically analyzed and experimentally confirmed. The cores of FM-MCF were designed to support transmission of LP01 and LP11 modes from the point of bending loss of LP11 and LP21 modes. Inter-core crosstalk between LP11 mode was calculated to determine core pitch of fibers. It was confirmed that the fabricated fibers was two-mode transmission over C-band and L-band with the effective area of LP01 mode of about 110 mu m(2) at 1550 nm. The crosstalk of the fibers was estimated to be smaller than -30 dB at 1550 nm after 100-km propagation. The crosstalk dependence on wavelength was also measured and matched well with the simulated results. (c) 2012 Optical Society of America
  • Fanting Kong, Kunimasa Saitoh, Devon Mcclane, Thomas Hawkins, Paul Foy, Guancheng Gu, Liang Dong
    OPTICS EXPRESS 20 24 26363 - 26372 2012年11月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    There are still very strong interests for power scaling in high power fiber lasers for a wide range of applications in medical, industry, defense and science. In many of these lasers, fiber nonlinearities are the main limits to further scaling. Although numerous specific techniques have studied for the suppression of a wide range of nonlinearities, the fundamental solution is to scale mode areas in fibers while maintaining sufficient single mode operation. Here the key problem is that more modes are supported once physical dimensions of waveguides are increased. The key to solve this problem is to look for fiber designs with significant higher order mode suppression. In conventional waveguides, all modes are increasingly guided in the center of the waveguides when waveguide dimensions are increased. It is hard to couple a mode out in order to suppress its propagation, which severely limits their scalability. In an all-solid photonic bandgap fiber, modes are only guided due to anti-resonance of cladding photonic crystal lattice. This provides strongly mode-dependent guidance, leading to very high differential mode losses. In addition, the all-solid nature of the fiber makes it easily spliced to other fibers. In this paper, we will show for the first time that all-solid photonic bandgap fibers with effective mode area of similar to 920 mu m(2) can be made with excellent higher order mode suppression. (C) 2012 Optical Society of America
  • Yuhei Ishizaka, Yuki Kawaguchi, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY 30 21 3394 - 3400 2012年11月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A three-dimensional vectorial finite element method (3-D-VFEM) for waveguide discontinuity problems is newly formulated and implemented. Through the use of the 3-D-VFEM, transmission characteristics of two types of crossing slot-waveguides with finite core-height are investigated for the first time. One is a direct crossing and the other is a crossing filling up the slots locally. Results show that three-dimensional analysis considering the finite core-height is indispensable.
  • Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba, Katsuhiro Takenaga, Shoichiro Matsuo
    IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS 24 21 1898 - 1901 2012年11月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Reduction of intercore crosstalk in uncoupled multicore fibers (MCFs) is the most critical issue for long-haul space division multiplexing transmission. The required coupling coefficient, allowable outer cladding diameter, and assumed bending radii range are important fiber design parameters for maximizing a relative core density while maintaining low-crosstalk level in an MCF. The relationships between crosstalk and core density in uncoupled MCFs with a step-index profile and trench-assisted structure are investigated in detail, and the maximum achievable relative core multiplicity factors are clarified in a limited cladding diameter.
  • Katsuhiro Takenaga, Yusuke Sasaki, Ning Guan, Shoichiro Matsuo, Motoki Kasahara, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS 24 21 1941 - 1944 2012年11月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A design concept of few-mode multicore fiber is presented. Cores with a step-index profile are designed to support two LP modes over the C band and the L band with a large effective area larger than 110 mu m(2). The pitch of cores is determined regarding the inter-core crosstalk related to the LP11 mode. The two LP modes multicore fibers with four cores and seven cores show a relative core multiplicity factor (RMCF) of 7.3 and 9.2, respectively. The RCMF of the proposed two LP modes multicore fiber is larger than that of previously reported single-mode multicore fibers.
  • Masanori Koshiba, Kunimasa Saitoh, Katsuhiro Takenaga, Shoichiro Matsuo
    IEEE PHOTONICS JOURNAL 4 5 1987 - 1995 2012年10月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    In order to realize fast and accurate estimation of intercore crosstalk in bent multicore fibers (MCFs), an analytical expression of the average power-coupling coefficient (PCC) based on an exponential autocorrelation function is, for the first time, derived, resulting in no need for heavy numerical computations. It is revealed that, when the bending radius is large and the correlation length is large, the average PCC is inversely proportional to the correlation length and to the square of the propagation constant difference Delta beta(mn) between core m and core n, and when the bending radius is small and the correlation length is large, the average PCC is proportional to the bending radius and is independent of the correlation length. When the correlation length is small, on the other hand, the average PCC is proportional to the correlation length and is independent of the bending radius. For homogeneous MCFs (Delta beta(mn) - 0) with small bending radius, the average PCC coincides with the mean crosstalk increase per unit length derived from the coupled-mode theory of Hayashi et al. that is proportional to the bending radius. Average crosstalk values calculated by using the analytical expression derived here are in excellent agreement with those of numerical solutions of coupled-power equations, irrespective of the values of bending radius and correlation length.
  • Mrinmay Pal, Kunimasa Saitoh, M. C. Paul, Debashri Ghosh, S. K. Bhadra
    IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS 24 18 1650 - 1652 2012年09月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We investigate the bending characteristics of leakage channel fibers (LCFs) to achieve large-mode area and effectively single-mode operation with a practically allowable bending radius of 5 cm for compact Yb-doped fiber laser applications. We design and fabricate a two-ring air-clad LCF whose bending characteristics have been studied both by numerical analysis through the full-vectorial finite element method and experimentally. The LCF has bend-loss of 0.09 dB/m and effective area of 350 mu m(2) for a 5-cm bending radius. The single-mode nature of the bent LCF at 1064 nm is presented.
  • Takui Uematsu, Yuhei Ishizaka, Yuki Kawaguchi, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY 30 15 2421 - 2426 2012年08月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A compact two-mode (de)multiplexer (TM-MUX) based on Si nanowire for mode-division multiplexing is designed. The TM-MUX is composed of two multimode interference (MMI) waveguides and a butterfly-shape tapered phase shifter between two MMI waveguides. Numerical simulations show that the designed device is compact compared with conventional-mode (de) multiplexer and operates as a TM-MUX in the whole C-band. In addition, we show that the designed TM-MUX has relatively good fabrication tolerance.
  • Masahiro Kashiwagi, Kunimasa Saitoh, Katsuhiro Takenaga, Shoji Tanigawa, Shoichiro Matsuo, Munehisa Fujimaki
    OPTICS EXPRESS 20 14 15061 - 15070 2012年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    An effectively single-mode all-solid photonic bandgap fiber with large effective area and low bending loss for compact high-power all-fiber lasers is fully investigated. The pitch dependencies of effective area, bending loss, and effectively single-mode operation are discussed numerically and experimentally. The calculation results indicate that an effectively single-mode all-solid photonic bandgap fiber with an effective area of more than 500 mu m(2) and a bending loss of less than 0.1 dB/m at a bending radius of 10 cm can be realized by choosing optimum fiber parameters. In a fabricated effectively single-mode all-solid photonic bandgap fiber with 48.0 mu m core, the effective area of 712 mu m(2), the effectively single-mode operation, and the bending loss of less than 0.1 dB/m at a bending radius of 10 cm are achieved simultaneously at 1064 nm. (c) 2012 Optical Society of America
  • Jiajing Tu, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba, Katsuhiro Takenaga, Shoichiro Matsuo
    OPTICS EXPRESS 20 14 15157 - 15170 2012年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Based on the overlap integral of electromagnetic fields in neighboring cores, a calculating method is proposed for obtaining the coupling coefficient between two adjacent trench-assisted non-identical cores. And a kind of heterogeneous trench-assisted multi-core fiber (Hetero-TA-MCF) with 12 cores is proposed to achieve large effective area (A(eff)) and high density of cores. As bending radius becomes larger than 50 mm, the crosstalk value at 1550-nm wavelength of the Hetero-TA-MCF is about -42 dB after 100-km propagation and the Aeff of this Hetero-TA-MCF can reach 100 mu m(2). (C)2012 Optical Society of America
  • Masa-aki Komatsu, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    IEEE PHOTONICS JOURNAL 4 3 707 - 714 2012年06月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    An ultracompact mode-evolution-based polarization rotator is proposed. The polarization rotator consists of silicon wire waveguide covered by silica buffer layer and linearly tapered thin aluminum. Numerical simulations using 3-D finite element method demonstrate that it is possible to obtain an 11-mu m-long polarization rotator with about -20-dB extinction ratio and less than 4.7-dB loss in C-band for both polarization conversions from TM-like mode to TE-like mode and from TE-like mode to TM-like mode.
  • Yuki Kawaguchi, Shuntaro Makino, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    IEEE PHOTONICS JOURNAL 4 2 300 - 309 2012年04月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    One-dimensional photonic crystal coupled resonator optical waveguide (1-D PC-CROW) based on mode-gap confinement has a possibility to reduce leakage losses compared with conventional 1-D PC-CROW constructed by placing defects periodically. However, transmission characteristics of 1-D PC-CROW based on mode-gap confinement have not been investigated so far. In this paper, we evaluate structural dependence of group velocity and leakage losses of 1-D PC-CROW by using the 3-D vector finite element method for periodic waveguide analysis. We show that such 1-D PC-CROW can realize small group velocity and low leakage losses simultaneously by investigating dispersion relationships of 1-D PC-CROW.
  • Masahiro Kashiwagi, Kunimasa Saitoh, Katsuhiro Takenaga, Shoji Tanigawa, Shoichiro Matsuo, Munehisa Fujimaki
    OPTICS LETTERS 37 8 1292 - 1294 2012年04月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A large-mode-area all-solid photonic bandgap fiber with a seven-cell core and five high-index rod rings is investigated. Numerical simulations show that an effective area of more than 500 mu m(2), a bending loss of less than 0.1 dB/m at a bending radius of 10 cm and effectively single-mode operation can be achieved simultaneously. A core diameter of 44.8 mu m and an effective area of 650 mu m(2) at 1064 nm are achieved in a fabricated fiber. Bending loss at 1064 nm is 0.09 dB/m at a bending radius of 7 cm. Effectively single-mode operation is also realized at a bending radius of 10 cm. (C) 2012 Optical Society of America
  • Yusuke Sasaki, Katsuhiro Takenaga, Ning Guan, Shoichiro Matsuo, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    2012 38TH EUROPEAN CONFERENCE AND EXHIBITION ON OPTICAL COMMUNICATIONS (ECOC) 20 26 B77 - B84 2012年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Characteristics of few-mode multi-core fiber (FM-MCF) were numerically analyzed and experimentally confirmed. Fabricated fibers supported two-mode transmission over C-band and L-band with the effective area of about 110 mu m(2) at 1550 nm. The crosstalks of the fibers were estimated to be smaller than -30 dB at 1550 nm after 100-km propagation.
  • H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, T. Morioka
    European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, ECEOC 2012 2012年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We demonstrate 1.01-Pb/s transmission over 52 km with the highest aggregate spectral efficiency of 91.4 b/s/Hz by using low-crosstalk one-ring-structured 12-core fiber. Our multi-core fiber and compact fan-in/fan-out devices are designed to support high-order modulation formats up to 32- QAM in SDM transmission. © 2012 OSA.
  • M. Kashiwagi, K. Saitoh, T. Ichige, S. Tanigawa, S. Matsuo, M. Fujimaki
    European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, ECEOC 2012 2012年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Effective area limit for a practically deployable and effectively single-mode all-solid photonic bandgap fibre is investigated. 1028-μm 2 effective area and 0.09 dB/m bending loss at 20-cm bending radius are achieved in a fabricated fibre. © 2012 OSA.
  • Liang Dong, Kunimasa Saitoh, Fanting Kong, Paul Foy, Thomas Hawkins, Devon McClane, Guancheng Gu
    Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering 8547 2012年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    There are still very strong interests for power scaling in high power fiber lasers for a wide range of applications in medical, industry, defense and science. In many of these lasers, fiber nonlinearities are the main limits to further scaling. Although numerous specific techniques have studied for the suppression of a wide range of nonlinearities, the fundamental solution is to scale mode areas in fibers while maintaining sufficient single mode operation. Here the key problem is that more modes are supported once physical dimensions of waveguides are increased. The key to solve this problem is to look for fiber designs with significant higher order mode suppression. In conventional waveguides, all modes are increasingly guided in the center of the waveguides when waveguide dimensions are increased. It is hard to couple a mode out in order to suppress its propagation, which severely limits their scalability. In an all-solid photonic bandgap fiber, modes are guided due to anti-resonance of cladding photonic crystal lattice. This provides strongly modedependent guidance, leading to very high differential mode losses. In addition, the all-solid nature of the fiber makes it easily spliced to other fibers. In this paper, we will show for the first time that all-solid photonic bandgap fibers with effective mode area of ∼800ïm2 can be made with excellent higher order mode suppression. © 2012 SPIE.
  • Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba, Katsuhiro Takenaga, Shoichiro Matsuo
    2012 IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting Series, PSST 2012 210 - 211 2012年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Reduction of inter-core crosstalk in uncoupled multi-core fibers (MCFs) is the most critical issue for long-haul space division multiplexing transmission. In homogeneous MCFs, the crosstalk is degraded as increasing a bending radius. On the other hand, in heterogeneous MCFs, the crosstalk can be drastically reduced when a bending radius is larger than a specific value. Required coupling coefficient and propagation constant difference between neighboring cores as well as allowable outer cladding diameter and assumed bending radii range are important fiber design parameters for maximizing a relative core density in a MCF. © 2012 IEEE.
  • Yuhei Ishizaka, Yuki Kawaguchi, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    Technical Digest - 2012 17th Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference, OECC 2012 887 - 888 2012年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We investigate transmission characteristics of two types of crossing slot-waveguides using three-dimensional finite element method, a direct crossing and a crossing with filled slots. Results show that three-dimensional analysis considering the finite core-height is indispensable. © 2012 IEEE.
  • Shuntaro Makino, Yuki Kawaguchi, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    Technical Digest - 2012 17th Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference, OECC 2012 635 - 636 2012年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We propose doubly-coupled resonator optical waveguides (D-CROWs). D-CROWs are composed by introducing 1-D photonic crystals (PC) structure into the ring resonator based CROWs. We show D-CROWs achieve small group velocity compared with conventional 1-D PC-CROWs. © 2012 IEEE.
  • T. Ichige, K. Saitoh, M. Kashiwagi, K. Takenaga, S. Tanigawa, S. Matsuo, M. Fujimaki
    Technical Digest - 2012 17th Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference, OECC 2012 789 - 790 2012年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Effectively single-mode all-solid photonic bandgap fiber with an effective area of 830 μm 2 and a bending loss of less than 0.1 dB/m at a bending radius of 15-cm has been demonstrated. © 2012 IEEE.
  • Masa-Aki Komatsu, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    Technical Digest - 2012 17th Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference, OECC 2012 247 - 248 2012年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We propose an ultra-small polarization rotator based on a surface plasmon polariton phenomenon. Numerical simulations show that a 10-μm-long polarization rotator with extinction ratio about -20 dB on the entire C-band is achievable. © 2012 IEEE.
  • Jiajing Tu, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba, Katsuhiro Takenaga, Shoichiro Matsuo
    Technical Digest - 2012 17th Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference, OECC 2012 477 - 478 2012年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Heterogeneous trench-assisted multi-core fiber (Hetero-TA-MCF) is proposed to achieve large effective area and high density of cores. The crosstalk value at 1550-nm wavelength of Hetero-TA-MCF can be lower than -30 dB after 100-km propagation. © 2012 IEEE.
  • Katsuhiro Takenaga, Yoko Arakawa, Yusuke Sasaki, Shoji Tanigawa, Shoichiro Matsuo, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 19 26 543 - 550 2011年12月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The cladding thickness of trench-assisted multi-core fibers was theoretically and experimentally investigated in terms of excess losses of outer cores. No significant micro-bending loss increase was observed on multi-core fibers with the cladding thickness of about 30 mu m. The tolerance for the micro-bending loss of a multi-core fiber is larger than that of the single core fiber. However, the cladding thickness will be limited by the occurrence of the excess loss on outer cores. The reduction of cladding thickness is probably limited around 40 mu m in terms of the excess loss. The multi-core fiber with an effective area of 110 mu m(2) at 1.55 mu m and 181-mu m cladding diameter was realized without any excess loss. (C)2011 Optical Society of America
  • Masanori Koshiba, Kunimasa Saitoh, Katsuhiro Takenaga, Shoichiro Matsuo
    OPTICS EXPRESS 19 26 102 - 111 2011年12月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Coupled-mode and coupled-power theories are described for multi-core fiber design and analysis. First, in order to satisfy the law of power conservation, mode-coupling coefficients are redefined and then, closed-form power-coupling coefficients are derived based on exponential, Gaussian, and triangular autocorrelation functions. Using the coupled-mode and coupled-power theories, impacts of random phase-offsets and correlation lengths on crosstalk in multi-core fibers are investigated for the first time. The simulation results are in good agreement with the measurement results. Furthermore, from the simulation results obtained by both theories, it is confirmed that the reciprocity is satisfied in multi-core fibers. (C) 2011 Optical Society of America
  • Shoichiro Matsuo, Katsuihiro Takenaga, Yoko Arakawa, Yusuke Sasaki, Shoji Taniagwa, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    OPTICS LETTERS 36 23 4626 - 4628 2011年12月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A multicore fiber with two-pitch layout is proposed to overcome the trade-off between core number and a cladding diameter of a standard hexagonal layout with a single-core pitch. A fabricated ten-core fiber simultaneously realizes effective area of about 120 mu m(2) at 1550nm, small crosstalk, and cladding diameter of 204 mu m. The crosstalk between the center core and outer cores is about 30 dB smaller than that between outer cores. The small crosstalk of the center core would help to keep the transmission quality of the center core at the same level as that of the outer cores. (C) 2011 Optical Society of America
  • Yuhei Ishizaka, Yuki Kawaguchi, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY 29 18 2836 - 2846 2011年09月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We present a novel design method and potential application for optical XOR, XNOR, NAND, and OR logic gates for binary-phase-shift-keyed signal processing devices. The devices are composed of multi-mode interference waveguides and convert the phase information of the input signal to amplitude at the output. We apply the finite element method for numerical simulations, and the evaluated least ON to OFF logic-level contrast ratios for the XOR, XNOR, NAND, and OR logic gates are 21.5 dB, 21.5 dB, 22.3 dB, and 22.3 dB, respectively. The proposed logic gates are extremely promising signal processing devices for binary-phase-shift-keyed signals in packet switching systems.
  • Shoichiro Matsuo, Katsuhiro Takenaga, Yoko Arakawa, Yusuke Sasaki, Shoji Tanigawa, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    IEICE ELECTRONICS EXPRESS 8 17 1419 - 1424 2011年09月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    An impact of longitudinal structural parameter drift on crosstalk behavior of multi-core fibers is investigated with a newly proposed semi-analytical method which can easily simulate crosstalk under the various kinds of parameter drifts. The simulation results indicate that the structural parameter drift has an important role in moderating bending diameter dependence of crosstalk of multi-core fibers.
  • Kunimasa Saitoh, Shailendra Varshney, Kaori Sasaki, Lorenzo Rosa, Mrinmay Pal, Mukul Chandra Paul, Debashri Ghosh, Shyamal Kumar Bhadra, Masanori Koshiba
    JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY 29 17 2609 - 2615 2011年09月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We investigate the bending characteristics of leakage channel fibers (LCFs) to achieve large mode area (LMA) and effectively single-mode operation with a practically allowable bending radius for compact Yb-doped fiber applications. Through numerical simulations, carried by the full-vectorial finite-element method, we present the limitations on the effective area of LCFs under bent condition and compare their limits with that of conventional step-index LMA fibers. Due to a better controllability of the low numerical aperture and a large value of the differential bending loss (similar to 20 dB/m) between the fundamental and higher order modes in LCFs, the LMA of similar to 500 mu m(2) (core diameter of similar to 36 mu m) at 1064 nm can be achieved when the optimized LCF is bent into a 10 cm bending radius.
  • 齊藤 晋聖, 松尾 昌一郎
    電気学会誌 = The journal of the Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan 131 9 605 - 607 The Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan 2011年09月01日 
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  • Tadashi Murao, Koyuru Nagao, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY 29 16 2428 - 2435 2011年08月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    In this paper, the structural dependence of factor which mainly affects a bending loss property is theoretically investigated in all-solid photonic bandgap fibers (PBGFs). A design principle for realizing low bending losses is successfully figured out for the first-order photonic bandgap (PBG). In particular, one of the origins which causes the variation of bending loss property for each structural parameter is identified. In addition, we show that exploitation of a large pitch relative to a rod diameter, aiming to realize a large-mode area (LMA) structure, leads to a significant degradation of the bending loss property. Moreover, it is demonstrated that a V-value which is proposed for all-solid PBGFs is also reduced significantly for the LMA condition. The origin of the degradation is attributed to the newly-excited Bloch state which determines the second-order PBG edge.
  • Emi Saitoh, Yuki Kawaguchi, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 19 17 15833 - 15842 2011年08月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We evaluate structural dependency of leakage losses in lithium niobate on insulator ridge waveguides. Generally, shallow ridge waveguides based on isotropic materials have inherent leakage loss for TM-like mode. On the other hand, lithium niobate is anisotropic material, thus the optical properties of lithium niobate based ridge waveguides are different from those of isotopic material based ridge waveguides. In this paper, we investigate leakage losses of lithium niobate on insulator ridge waveguides. We show that the shallow ridge waveguide structure without leakage loss can be realized by choosing the waveguide parameters adequately. (C) 2011 Optical Society of America
  • 半澤信智, 齊藤晋聖, 坂本泰志, 松井隆, 冨田茂, 小柴正則
    O plus E 382 944 - 948 2011年08月 [査読無し][招待有り]
  • S. Roy, D. Ghosh, S.K. Bhadra, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    Applied Optics 50 20 3475 - 3481 2011年07月10日 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Yuhei Ishizaka, Yuki Kawaguchi, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    OPTICS COMMUNICATIONS 284 14 3528 - 3533 2011年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We propose a novel ultra-compact all-optical XOR and AND logic gates without using nonlinear optics. In order to realize these devices, we adopt photonic crystal waveguides (PCWs) based on multi-mode interference devices. Numerical results show that the operating bandwidth of the ON to OFF logic-level contrast ratio of not less than 6.79 dB is 35 nm for XOR logic gate and 9 nm for AND logic gate. Proposed logic gates have the potential to be key components for an optical packet switching system due to their small feature sizes and low power consumption. Crown Copyright (c) 2011 Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • Samudra Roy, Debashri Ghosh, Shyamal K. Bhadra, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    APPLIED OPTICS 50 20 3475 - 3481 2011年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We observe strong infrared (IR) radiation as a result of passive dispersive wave generation for a realistic microstructured fiber having two zero-dispersion wavelengths. The IR radiation frequency can be suitably controlled by varying the operational wavelength, which falls in the first normal dispersion regime. The amplitude of the radiation can be significantly increased by introducing a suitable amount of chirp in the input pulse. This strong phase-matching radiation can be considered as an alternative solution for the IR laser for different applications. (C) 2011 Optical Society of America
  • Katsunori Imamura, Yukihiro Tsuchida, Kazunori Mukasa, Ryuichi Sugizaki, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 19 11 10595 - 10603 2011年05月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    To realize large effective area (Aeff) multi-core fibers (MCFs), the design to suppress the cross-talk and the influence of the cladding diameter on the micro bending loss were investigated. As a result, the MCFs with large Aeff over 100 mu m(2) and low micro bending loss were successfully fabricated. The results indicate the importance of fiber design to realize large Aeff MCFs including fiber diameters, which largely affect the micro bending loss property. Additionally, MCF with large Aeff, low attenuation loss and suppressed cross-talk was successfully realized by optimizing the fiber design. The cross-talk properties could be estimated by the simulation based on the coupling power theory taking the influences of the longitudinal fluctuation of core diameter into account. (C) 2011 Optical Society of America
  • Samudra Roy, Shyamal K. Bhadra, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba, Govind P. Agrawal
    OPTICS EXPRESS 19 11 10443 - 10455 2011年05月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We observe unique dynamics of Raman soliton during supercontinuum process when an input pulse experiences initially normal group-velocity dispersion with a negative dispersion slope. In this situation, the blue components of the spectrum form a Raman soliton that moves faster than the input pulse and eventually decelerates because of Raman-induced frequency downshifting. In the time domain, the soliton trajectory bends and becomes vertical when the Raman shift ceases to occur as the spectrum of Raman soliton approaches the zero dispersion point. Parts of the red components of the pulse spectrum are captured by the Raman soliton through cross-phase modulation and they travel with it. The influence of soliton order, input chirp and dispersion slope on the dynamics of Raman soliton is discussed thoroughly. (C) 2011 Optical Society of America
  • Shoichiro Matsuo, Katsuhiro Takenaga, Yoko Arakawa, Yusuke Sasaki, Shoji Tanigawa, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    IEICE ELECTRONICS EXPRESS 8 6 385 - 390 2011年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Measurement results of bending diameter dependence of the crosstalk of each core in a multi-core fiber are presented. The crosstalk of cores shows different diameter dependence although the difference in core parameters is very small. The behavior is explained by taking into account the change of propagation constant caused by the fluctuation in the diameter and the refractive index of cores. The diameter dependence simulated with coupled-power theory shows the same tendency with the measured crosstalk.
  • Tadashi Murao, Koyuru Nagao, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    JOURNAL OF THE OPTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA B-OPTICAL PHYSICS 28 3 453 - 461 2011年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We propose a simple formula that gives the effective refractive index of the first-order photonic bandgap (PBG) edge for the maximum propagation angle, which corresponds to the PBG floor in all-solid photonic bandgap fibers (PBGFs). In particular, based on an antiresonant reflecting optical waveguide (ARROW) theory incorporating a phase relation between resonant modes in low-index regions for perpendicular direction of the light propagation, we show that the effective index of the PBG edge at a wavelength does not depend on the diameter and refractive index of high-index rods, and is largely determined only by the pitch when normalized rod diameters are small. In other words, it has a constant value for the structural parameters with which the PBG emerges at the same wavelength normalized by the pitch. Moreover, the source of rod-diameter and refractive-index dependences on the condition for the formation of the PBG edge is demonstrated when the diameter and the refractive index of high-index rods are effectively large. Finally, the validity of the proposed simple formula, which can be applied for any structural parameters, is verified with the vectorial solver based on the finite-element method (FEM). (C) 2011 Optical Society of America
  • Akira Nagasaki, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 19 4 3799 - 3808 2011年02月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We numerically investigate the polarization characteristics of photonic crystal fibers selectively filled with metal wires into cladding air holes, through a full-vector modal solver based on the finite-element method (FEM). Firstly, we investigate the fundamental coupling properties between the core guided light and surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) excited on the surface of metal wire. Secondly, we show that we can obtain highly polarization-dependent transmission characteristics in PCFs by introducing several metal wires closely aligned into the cladding, and reveal the strongly polarization-dependent coupling properties between the core guided modes and the SPP supermodes, which consist of discrete SPP modes. Finally, we show the importance of arranging the metal wires close to each other for high polarization-dependence. (C) 2011 Optical Society of America
  • Katsuhiro Takenaga, Yoko Arakawa, Shoji Tanigawa, Ning Guan, Shoichiro Matsuo, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    IEICE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS E94B 2 409 - 416 2011年02月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The length dependence of the crosstalk in multi-core fibers has been investigated by introducing random fluctuation along longitudinal direction. The power coupling coefficients in the coupled-power theory in heterogeneous multi-core fiber with seven cores were estimated based on consideration of the power coupling coefficients of the homogeneous multi-core fiber. The crosstalk can be quantitatively evaluated by employing coupled-power theory instead of coupled-mode theory.
  • Tadashi Murao, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 19 3 1713 - 1727 2011年01月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    In this paper, we propose a novel mechanism for suppression of higher-order modes (HOMs), namely multiple resonant coupling, in all-solid photonic bandgap fibers (PBGFs) with effectively large core diameters. In an analogy to the well-known tight-binding theory in solid-state physics, multiple anti-resonant reflecting optical waveguide (ARROW) modes bound in designedly arranged defects in the cladding make up Bloch states and resultant photonic bands with a finite effective-index width, which contribute to the suppression of HOMs. In particular, contrary to the conventional method for the HOM suppression using the index-matching of the HOMs in the core of the PBGF and the defect mode arranged in the cladding, the proposed mechanism guarantees a broadband HOM suppression without a precise structural design. This effect is explained by the multiple resonant coupling, as well as an enhanced confinement loss mechanism which occurs near the condition satisfying the multiple resonant coupling. Moreover, we show that the proposed structure exhibits a lower bending loss characteristic when compared to the conventional all-solid PBGFs. The simultaneous realization of the single-mode operation and the low bending loss property is due to the novel cladding concept named as heterostructured cladding. The proposed structure also resolves the issue for the increased confinement loss property in the first-order photonic bandgap (PBG) at the same time. (C) 2011 Optical Society of America
  • Kunimasa Saitoh
    2011 IEEE Winter Topicals, WTM 2011 187 - 188 2011年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Bending characteristics of microstructured fibers are investigated to achieve large-mode-area and effectively single-mode operation with a practically allowable bending radius for Yb-doped fiber applications, by enhancing differential bending loss between the fundamental and higher-order modes. © 2010 IEEE.
  • Yoshinari Awaji, Jun Sakaguchi, Naoya Wada, Kunimasa Saitoh
    2011 IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting Series 135 - 136 2011年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Multi-core fiber is one of powerful candidate for huge capacity optical link which can be adopted for LANPHY of terabit Ethernet. We characterized inter-core crosstalk depending on bending diameter for 7-core fibers, experimentally and numerically. Heterogeneous layout could suppress crosstalk at larger bending diameter, effectively. © 2011 IEEE.
  • Kunimasa Saitoh, Tadashi Murao, Lorenzo Rosa, Masanori Koshiba
    OPTICAL FIBER TECHNOLOGY 16 6 409 - 418 2010年12月 [査読有り][招待有り]
     
    We investigate the bending characteristics of solid-core photonic bandgap fibers (SC-PBGFs) aiming to achieve large mode area (LMA) and effectively single-mode operation with a practically allowable bending radius for high-power Yb-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers. Through detailed numerical simulations based on the finite element method (FEM), we evaluate the impacts of the order of photonic bandgap on the bending performance and point out the limits of core size enlargement in the SC-PBGFs with a 1-cell core structure due to the increment of bending loss. In addition, under practical constraints, we find that the SC-PBGFs having a 7-cell core can achieve sufficient differential bending loss between the fundamental mode and the higher-order modes and a much larger effective area limit as compared with previously-reported index-guiding LMA fibers. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Yuki Kawaguchi, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY 28 20 2977 - 2983 2010年10月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We have evaluated leakage losses of one-dimensional photonic crystal coupled resonator optical waveguides (1-D PC-CROW) by using three-dimensional finite element method (3-D FEM). We propose structure of 1-D PC-CROW with shifted position of air-hole, changed size of air-hole, and changed air-hole depth. We have also proposed air-bridge 1-D PC-CROW and evaluated group velocity and leakage losses of these CROWs. Our numerical results show that 1-D PC-CROW has large leakage losses, especially for vertical direction, and the proposed structure can reduce leakage losses. Leakage loss of 1-D PC-CROW with changed air-hole depth is two order of magnitude lower compared with normal structure.
  • 一次元フォトニック結晶結合共振器型光導波路の曲げ特性並びに結合特性評価
    川口雄揮, 齊藤晋聖, 小柴正則
    電子情報通信学会論文誌 J93-C 7 224 - 230 2010年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Fumiya Saitoh, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 18 5 4709 - 4716 2010年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    In the mode-division multiplexing (MDM) optical transmission system, a mode multi/demultiplexer is an important key device for excitation, multiplication, and separation of light signals which have distinct modes. In this report, we propose a fiber-type mode multi/demultiplexer based on selective phase matching between different cores/modes. Design method and device characteristics of 1x4 mode multi/demultiplexer are investigated through finite element analysis. In order to expand operating wavelength range, we reveal the structural parameters that satisfy phase matching conditions over wide wavelength range. Our numerical results demonstrate that the mode multi/demultiplexer with broadband, polarization-insensitive operation can be realized by applying the proposed fiber structure. (C) 2010 Optical Society of America
  • Yuhei Ishizaka, Yuki Kawaguchi, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    Proceedings - 10th International Conference on Laser and Fiber-Optical Networks Modeling, LFNM 2010 53 - 55 2010年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We propose ultra-compact all-optical XOR and AND logic gates based on multi-mode interference (MMI) without using nonlinear optics. Numerical simulations show that the least ON to OFF logic-level contrast ratio is 13.3 dB for XOR logic gate and 4.3 dB for AND logic gate in the whole C-band. © 2010 IEEE.
  • Kuniaki Kakihara, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY 27 23 5492 - 5499 2009年12月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    In this paper, we numerically investigate the lateral leakage loss behavior for TM-like modes in silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguides. If the waveguide width is set to satisfy a certain condition, the leakage loss of the TM-like mode leads to be a minimum. When utilizing TM-like modes in the ridge waveguides, it is the main drawback that the tolerance for the variations in the waveguide width and operation wavelength is too small. In this paper, we propose a novel ridge waveguide structure, where a dimple is introduced at the ridge region. It is shown from the finite-element analysis that the ridge waveguide with a dimple is both low loss and fabrication tolerant.
  • ソリッドコアフォトニックバンドギャップファイバを用いた温度制御型分岐比可変カプラの設計
    吉田龍一, 土田幸寛, 村尾覚志, 齊藤晋聖, 小柴正則
    電子情報通信学会論文誌 J92-C 11 722 - 730 2009年11月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Masa-aki Komatsu, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 17 21 19225 - 19234 2009年10月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We propose an ultra-small polarization splitter based on a resonant tunneling phenomenon. This polarization splitter consists of two identical horizontally oblong silicon wire waveguides separated by a vertical slot waveguide. The structural parameters of the central resonant slot waveguide are designed to couple only the TM-like mode between the left and right side silicon wire waveguides. Results from numerical simulation with the full-vectorial beam propagation method show that a 16-mu m-long polarization splitter with extinction ratio better than - 20 dB on the entire C-band is achieved. (C) 2009 Optical Society of America
  • シリコン細線導波路を用いた超小型偏波スプリッタの設計
    小松正明, 柿原邦昭, 齊藤晋聖, 小柴正則
    電子情報通信学会論文誌 J92-C 9 509 - 515 2009年09月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Yuki Kawaguchi, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY 27 14 2924 - 2929 2009年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    This paper presents a design method of a taper structure for highly efficient coupling between 1-D photonic crystal coupled resonator optical waveguides (1-D PC-CROWs) and input straight waveguides. We propose a new taper structure where not only air hole radius but also waveguide width are varied linearly in order to adjust the dispersion curves shift. By using the proposed tapered structure, we can connect each waveguide with high transmission over wide bandwidth. Our numerical simulation results show that a transmission of 98% around 1550 nm wavelength in a 6.6 mu m long taper can be obtained with a 42 nm bandwidth.
  • Lorenzo Rosa, Kunimasa Saitoh, Kuniaki Kakihara, Masanori Koshiba
    JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY 27 14 2678 - 2687 2009年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We investigate the design of a miniaturized C-band photonic-crystal waveguide (PCW) interleaver, employing coupled-resonator optical waveguide ( CROW) ring resonators. An optimization approach based on a genetic algorithm (GA) has been applied to the filter components, such as tapers and directional couplers, leading to low reflection and high phase linearity. To evaluate the interleaver transmittivity function, an matrix approach is worked out, based on the optimized building blocks. A sensitivity analysis is performed to evaluate the effect of parameter tolerances.
  • Z. Varallyay, K. Saitoh, A. Szabo, R. Szipocs
    OPTICS EXPRESS 17 14 11869 - 11883 2009年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Numerical simulations on different kinds of realistic photonic bandgap fibers exhibiting reversed dispersion slope for the propagating fundamental mode are reported. We show that reversed or flat dispersion functions in a wide wavelength range using hollow-core, air-silica photonic bandgap fibers and solid core Bragg fibers with step-index profile can be obtained by introducing resonant structures in the fiber cladding. We evaluate the dispersion and confinement loss profiles of these fibers from the Helmholtz eigenvalue equation and the calculated fiber properties are used to investigate the propagation of chirped femtosecond pulses through serially connected hollow core fiber compressors. (C) 2009 Optical Society of America
  • Shailendra Kumar Varshney, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba, Bishnu P. Pal, Ravindra K. Sinha
    JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY 27 11 1725 - 1733 2009年06月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    In this paper, we theoretically design and numerically demonstrate a large mode area and single-mode erbium-doped photonic crystal fiber (PCF) amplifier operating in the S-band with a complete suppression of amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) and very low Raman gain coefficient at 980-nm pump. The proposed fiber design is based on a dual-concentric core refractive index profile and is solved through full-vectorial finite-element method. Numerical simulations reveal that more than 50 dB of gain can be achieved with a mean gain value of 27 dB over 70-nm bandwidth in a 7.2-m-long fiber. The effect of bending on the amplification characteristics has been noted. It has been shown that by a proper choice of the PCF profile parameters, the fiber amplifier can be made bend-insensitive for a bending radius as small as 5 cm. Further, our design guidelines should be useful to achieve a functional bend-insensitive fiber amplifier, where rack space is a premium and tight bending radius becomes inevitable.
  • Shailendra K. Varshney, Kunimasa Saitoh, Ravindra K. Sinha, Masanori Koshiba
    JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY 27 12 2062 - 2068 2009年06月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A new design of multicore photonic crystal fibers (PCFs) is proposed and investigated through full-vectorial finite-element method and finite-element beam propagation method. The fiber design comprises four identical cores surrounding a central core. The optical power launched into the central core is equally divided into other neighboring four cores with a 25% of coupling ratio. The coupled-mode analysis is also carried out to understand the supermode patterns and the coupling characteristics. Through numerical simulations, it is demonstrated that the optical power can be divided equally in a 5.8-mm-long multicore PCF. The power coupling characteristics obtained through coupled-mode analysis are in very good agreement with those calculated from beam propagation method solver.
  • Tadashi Murao, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 17 9 7615 - 7629 2009年04月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    In this paper, detailed properties of bent solid-core photonic bandgap fibers (SC-PBGFs) are investigated. We propose an approximate equivalent straight waveguide (ESW) formulation for photonic bandgap (PBG) edges, which is convenient to see qualitatively which radiation (centripetal or centrifugal radiation) mainly occurs and the impact of bend losses for an operating wavelength. In particular, we show that cladding modes induced by bending cause several complete or incomplete leaky mode couplings with the core mode and the resultant loss peaks. Moreover, we show that the field distributions of the cladding modes are characterized by three distinct types for blue-edge, mid-gap, and red-edge wavelengths in the PBG, which is explained by considering the cladding Bloch states or resonant conditions without bending. Next, we investigate the structural dependence of the bend losses. In particular, we demonstrate the bend-loss dependence on the number of the cladding rings. Finally, by investigating the impacts of the order of PBG and the core structure on the bend losses, we discuss a tight-bending structure. (C) 2009 Optical Society of America
  • Kunimasa Saitoh, Yukihiro Tsuchida, Masanori Koshiba
    IEICE ELECTRONICS EXPRESS 6 7 412 - 417 2009年04月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Novel design of large-mode-area leakage channel fibers (LCFs) with a single air-hole ring surrounding a multi-unit-cell solid core is investigated for realizing robust single-mode and low bending loss characteristics. We perform detailed numerical simulations using a finite element method, and we show that the proposed LCFs with a solid core formed by multiple missing neighboring air-holes can achieve much lower bending losses compared with the reported LCF with six large air-holes.
  • Kunimasa Saitoh, Yukihiro Tsuchida, Lorenzo Rosa, Masanori Koshiba, Federica Poli, Annamaria Cucinotta, Stefano Selleri, Mrinmay Pal, Mukul Paul, Debashri Ghosh, Shyamal Bhadra
    OPTICS EXPRESS 17 6 4913 - 4919 2009年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We investigate a novel design for all-solid large mode area (LMA) leakage channel fibers (LCFs) for high-power Yb-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers, based on a single down-doped-silica rod ring surrounding a seven-cell pure-silica core, aiming for effectively single-mode behavior and low bending loss characteristics. Through detailed numerical simulations based on the finite element method (FEM), we find that the proposed all-solid LMA-LCFs, having a seven-cell core and two different sizes of down-doped rods, can achieve sufficient differential mode loss and much lower bending loss, as compared with a previously-reported LCF with a one-cell core and six large down-doped-silica rods. (C) 2009 Optical Society of America
  • 液晶を注入したフォトニック結晶ファイバを用いた温度制御型偏波コントローラの一設計法
    吉田龍一, 土田幸寛, 齊藤晋聖, 小柴正則
    電子情報通信学会論文誌 J92-C 2 39 - 46 2009年02月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Masanori Koshiba, Kunimasa Saitoh, Yasuo Kokubun
    IEICE ELECTRONICS EXPRESS 6 2 98 - 103 2009年01月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A new type of optical fiber called heterogeneous multi-core fiber (heterogeneous MCF) is proposed towards future large-capacity optical-transport networks and the design principle is described. In the heterogeneous MCF, not only identical but also non-identical cores, which are single-mode in isolation of each other, are arranged so that cross-talk between any pair of cores becomes sufficiently small. As the maximum power transferred between non-identical cores goes down drastically, cores are more closely packed in definite space, compared to a conventional, homogeneous multi-core fiber (homogeneous MCF) composed of only identical cores.
  • K. Saitoh, Z. Varallyay, K. Kakihara, M. Koshiba, R. Szipocs
    2009 CONFERENCE ON LASERS AND ELECTRO-OPTICS AND QUANTUM ELECTRONICS AND LASER SCIENCE CONFERENCE (CLEO/QELS 2009), VOLS 1-5 3093 - + 2009年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers exhibiting negative dispersion slope over a wide wavelength range around one micron for the fundamental air-core mode are presented by the introduction of partial reflector layer around the core. (C) 2009 Optical Society of America
  • Z. Varallyay, K. Saitoh, A. Szabo, K. Kakihara, M. Koshiba, R. Szipocs
    OFC: 2009 CONFERENCE ON OPTICAL FIBER COMMUNICATION, VOLS 1-5 10 - + 2009年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Reversed dispersion slope PBG fibers are presented around one micron by the introduction of partial reflector layer around the core resulting in a strongly wavelength dependent nonlinear phase shift on the propagating fundamental mode. (C)2008 Optical Society of America
  • Shailendra K. Varshney, Kunimasa Saitoh, Kento Iizawa, Yukihiro Tsuchida, Masanori Koshiba, R. K. Sinha
    OPTICS LETTERS 33 21 2431 - 2433 2008年11月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We present the dispersion and Raman amplification characteristics of As(2)Se(3) photonic crystal fibers (PCFs). We compare the gain characteristics with conventional As(2)Se(3) fibers and find that the Raman gain efficiency in PCFs can be improved by a factor of more than 4. This allows us to either use a small length of the fiber or to use the low pump power to attain similar gain characteristics. Numerical simulations reveal that a peak gain of 10 dB can be achieved in a 1.1 m long PCF when it is pumped at 1.5 mu m in wavelength with an input power of 500 mW. (C) 2008 Optical Society of America
  • Yuki Kawaguchi, Naoya Kono, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY 26 17-20 3461 - 3467 2008年09月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    This paper presents a loss reduction mechanism for coupled cavity waveguides; (CCWs) relying on 1-D photonic crystals microcavities. The mechanism is based on structural modification in the vicinity of the cavity defects. With appropriate modifications, the tangential wavenumber components of the leaky guided modes, which can couple to cladding modes, can be decreased, resulting in the reduction of propagation losses due to diffraction. We numerically demonstrate the usefulness of this mechanism through the design of low loss CCWs. The diffraction losses in the CCWs, where air holes adjacent to the defects are changed in size, decrease dramatically compared with CCWs with air holes of constant size. This loss reduction mechanism can be applied even to the CCWs with an increased number of intercavity air holes, while the group velocity can be further decreased.
  • Z. Varallyay, K. Saitoh, J. Fekete, K. Kakihara, M. Koshiba, R. Szipocs
    OPTICS EXPRESS 16 20 15603 - 15616 2008年09月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Higher-order-mode solid and hollow core photonic bandgap fibers exhibiting reversed or zero dispersion slope over tens or hundreds of nanometer bandwidths within the bandgap are presented. This attractive feature makes them well suited for broadband dispersion control in femtosecond pulse fiber lasers, amplifiers and optical parametric oscillators. The canonical form of the dispersion profile in photonic bandgap fibers is modified by a partial reflector layer/interface placed around the core forming a 2D cylindrical Gires-Tournois type interferometer. This small perturbation in the index profile induces a frequency dependent electric field distribution of the preferred propagating higher-order-mode resulting in a zero or reversed dispersion slope. (C) 2008 Optical Society of America
  • Masanori Koshiba, Kuniaki Kakihara, Kunimasa Saitoh
    OPTICS LETTERS 33 17 2008 - 2010 2008年09月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We numerically investigate the lateral leakage loss behavior for TM-like modes in silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguides. In order to improve the leakage loss properties, we propose a novel ridge waveguide structure where a dimple is introduced at the ridge center. It is shown that the ridge waveguide with a dimple is both low loss and fabrication tolerant. This behavior is predicted by not only an accurate finite-element-based analysis but also a simple, phenomenological effective-index-based analysis. (c) 2008 Optical Society of America.
  • Maksim Skorobogatiy, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 16 19 14945 - 14953 2008年09月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    In the hollow core photonic bandgap fibers, modal losses are strongly differentiated, potentially enabling effectively single mode guidance. However, in the presence of macro-bending, due to mode coupling, power in the low-loss mode launched into a bend is partially transferred into the modes with higher losses, thus resulting in increased propagation loss, and degradation of the beam quality. We show that coupled mode theory formulated in the curvilinear coordinates associated with a bend can describe correctly both the bending induced loss and beam degradation. Suggested approach works both in absorption dominated regime in which fiber modes are square integrable over the fiber crossection, as well as in radiation dominated regime in which leaky modes are not square integrable. It is important to stress that for multimode fibers, full-vectorial coupled mode theory developed in this work is not a simple approximation, but it is on par with such "exact" numerical approaches as finite element and finite difference methods for prediction of macro-bending induced losses. (C) 2008 Optical Society of America.
  • Yukihiro Tsuchida, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY 26 13-16 2162 - 2167 2008年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Recently, there has been an increasing interest in developing single polarization fibers for applications such as polarization splitters, polarizers, high power lasers, etc. Usually, the polarization maintenance can be achieved by form birefringence, such as by creating elliptical cores, or material anisotropy, or by stress-applying parts inside the fiber. However, this results into the non-Gaussian field distributions due to the distortion of fiber core, therefore leading to the degradation of beam quality factor M-2. In this study, we propose a design method for single-polarization holey fibers with improved beam quality by introducing the resonant coupling phenomenon between the central depressed core and the elliptical cores arranged on either side of the central core. The proposed single-polarization holey fiber with 1-m length has the extinction ratio of 30 dB over 10-nm wavelength range and a good beam quality factor M-2 = 1.31.
  • S. K. Varshney, K. Saitoh, N. Saitoh, Y. Tsuchida, M. Koshiba, R. K. Sinha
    OPTICS EXPRESS 16 13 9459 - 9467 2008年06月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Numerical design strategies are presented to achieve efficient broad or narrow band-pass filters based on index-guiding, solid-core, and single-mode photonic crystal fibers (PCFs). The filtering characteristics have been verified through BPM solver. By scaling the pitch constant, the bandpass window can be shifted accordingly. The fiber design constitutes a fluorine-doped central core, enlarged air-holes surrounding the down-doped core, and small air-holes in the cladding. The proposed bandpass filter is based on controlling the leakage losses, so one can tune filter characteristics simply by changing its length. From numerical simulations we show that for large values of air-hole diameter in the first ring, the bandpass window is narrow, while for low doping concentration and small sized air-holes in the first ring, bandpass window is very broad. We also simulate how the hole-size and number of rings in the PCF cladding affects the device characteristics. We find that a 5-cm long PCF with down-doped core and eleven rings of air-holes can result in similar to 440 nm 3-dB bandwidth with more than 90% of transmission. The longer device has reduced transmission and smaller 3-dB bandwidth. Tolerance analysis has also been performed to check the impact of fiber tolerances on the performance of the PCF bandpass filter. It has been observed that the decrement in cladding hole-diameter by 1% reduces the transmission to 21% from its peak value of 93%, however +/- 1% tolerance in the inner hole-diameter degrades the transmission to 75% from its peak. (C) 2008 Optical Society of America.
  • Tadashi Murao, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY 26 9-12 1602 - 1612 2008年05月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    In this paper, we investigate the ultimate low loss property for several realistic core shapes in triangular-type air-guiding photonic bandgap fibers (PBGFs) through a full-vector modal solver based on the finite element method. We show that the surface mode free condition is expressed as a normalized silica-ring thickness T = 0.5 for any core size and the cladding structural parameters, regardless the core radius of the silica-ring is one of the main factors of dominating the surface mode's condition, and the wavelength range of the PBG changes on varying the structural parameters of the cladding. Moreover, we propose a novel type of PBGF without surface mode, which exhibits lower scattering losses caused by surface roughness of the silica-ring in comparison to 19 cell-core PBGFs and suppresses the mode coupling between fundamental-like and higher order modes when compared to 37 cell-core PBGFs.
  • John E. McElhenny, Radha K. Pattnaik, Jean Toulouse, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    JOURNAL OF THE OPTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA B-OPTICAL PHYSICS 25 4 582 - 593 2008年04月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We present extensive stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) results from experiments and modeling for four different photonic crystal fibers (PCFs) with core diameters ranging from 8 to 1.7 mu m. These results reveal several SBS characteristic features of small-core PCFs, high thresholds, and acoustic peaks, which are due to their antiguiding nature and highly multimode acoustic character. The nature of what we believe to be new acoustic modes is examined in the light of the large variations observed in the Brillouin gain, Brillouin threshold, and Brillouin shift with decreasing core diameter and optical wavelength. (C) 2008 Optical Society of America.
  • Kunimasa Saitoh, Nikolaos J. Florous, Shailendra K. Varshney, Masanori Koshiba
    JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY 26 5-8 663 - 669 2008年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We theoretically address the thermo-optical response of multicore photonic crystal fiber (PCF) couplers infiltrated with nematic liquid crystals (LCs). The proposed PCF coupler consists of two identical cores separated by a third one which acts as a liquid crystal resonator. With an appropriate choice of the design parameters associated with the liquid crystal core, phase matching at a single wavelength can be achieved, thus enabling thermo-tunable narrow-band resonant directional coupling between the input and the output cores. The verification of the proposed coupler design is ensured through an accurate PCF analysis based on finite element and beam propagation methods. The enhanced thermo-optical properties of LC-based PCF couplers are highly attractive for photo-thermal sensing applications.
  • K. Iizawa, S. K. Varshney, Y. Tsuchida, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 16 2 579 - 591 2008年01月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The bend-insensitive lasing characteristics of a newly designed ytterbium-doped photonic crystal fiber (YPCF) are evaluated numerically. The designed YPCF remains single-mode and possesses large-mode-area of 1400 mu m(2) at 1064 nm wavelength with the beam quality factor (M-2) of 1.15, suggesting a diffraction-limited and continuous-wave lasing operation. The doped-region size is optimized for maximum conversion efficiency and it is found through numerical simulations that the doped radius should be more than 21 mu m. The "mode expansion", which is the self-expansion of the fundamental mode within the doped region with wavelength increments on bending the fiber, is the basic physical mechanism to give the bend-insensitive lasing performances of YPCF. It leads to an unusual variation of overlap factor when the wavelength is increased. A 41 cm long piece of YPCF demonstrates more than 83% of slope efficiency with 75% of conversion efficiency when pumped with a 975 nm laser source delivering an input power of 1 W. (C) 2008 Optical Society of America.
  • S. K. Varshney, K. Sasaki, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 16 2 549 - 559 2008年01月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We have numerically investigated the Raman lasing characteristics of a highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber (HNPCF). HNPCF Raman lasers are designed to deliver outputs at 1.3 mu m and 1.48 mu m wavelengths through three and six cascades of Raman Stokes cavities when the pumps of 1117 nm and 1064 nm are injected into HNPCF module, respectively. A quantum efficiency of approximately 47% was achieved in a short length of HNPCF for 1.3 mu m lasing wavelength. The HNPCF design is modified further to operate in single-mode fashion keeping intact its Raman lasing characteristics. The modified HNPCF design consists of two air-hole rings where the higher-order modes in the central core are suppressed by enhancing their leakage losses drastically, thus ceasing their propagation in the short length of HNPCF. On the other hand, the fundamental mode is well confined to the central core region, unaffecting its lasing performances. Further, the lasing characteristics of HNPCF at 1480 nm are compared with conventional highly nonlinear fiber Raman laser operating at 1480 nm. It is found that one can reduce the fiber length by five times in case of HNPCF with nearly similar conversion efficiency. (C) 2008 Optical Society of America.
  • 吉田 龍一, 土田 幸寛, 村尾 覚志, 齊藤 晋聖, 小柴 正則
    映像情報メディア学会技術報告 32 127 - 132 一般社団法人 映像情報メディア学会 2008年 
    本報告では,屈折率が温度によって変化する高屈折率媒質をクラッド領域の空孔に注入した,ソリッドコアフォトニックバンドギャップファイバ(PBGF)を用いた低偏波依存性温度制御型分岐比可変カプラを提案している.始めに,フォトニックバンドギャップおよび基本モードの実効屈折率の温度依存性をフルベクトル有限要素法により評価し,ソリッドコアPBGFによる温度制御型分岐比可変カプラが実現可能であることを示している.さらに,x偏波,y偏波における結合長,および規格化出射パワーの構造パラメータ依存性を評価し,ソリッドコアPBGFによる低偏波依存性温度制御型分岐可変カプラの設計法を提案している.
  • 村尾 覚志, 齊藤 晋聖, 小柴 正則
    映像情報メディア学会技術報告 32 121 - 126 一般社団法人 映像情報メディア学会 2008年 
    ソリッドコアフォトニックバンドギャップファイバ(SC-PBGF:Solid-Core Photonic Bandgap Fiber)は,クラッド領域のフォトニック結晶によって形成される面外伝搬光に対するフォトニックバンドギャップ(PBG:Photonic Bandgap)を利用して光をコアに閉込めるものであり,ARROW型光導波路モデルによって理解される特異な伝送帯域を有することから注目されている.SC-PBGFを曲げた場合,曲がりの外側方向への光放射(外側放射)のみならず,従来型の光ファイバではあり得ない曲がりの内側方向への光放射(内側放射)が観測されているが,その詳細な理論検討は行われていない.そこでここでは,SC-PBGFのコアモードとの結合を起こす,曲げによって存在するクラッドモードの特性について評価するとともに,曲げ損失の波長依存性ならびに構造依存性を評価している.
  • Shailendra K. Varshney, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    OFC/NFOEC 2008 - 2008 Conference on Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2008年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The birefringence and polarization-mode dispersion characteristics of dispersioncompensating hole-assisted fibers are analyzed numerically. It is revealed that distortion in airholes leads to high birefringence and also shifts the dispersion by ±2% to its optimum value. © 2008 Optical Society of America.
  • F. Poli, L. Vincetti, D. Passaro, A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, L. Rosa, K. Saitoh, Y. Tsuchida, S. K. Varshney, M. Koshiba
    2008 34TH EUROPEAN CONFERENCE ON OPTICAL COMMUNICATION (ECOC) 2008年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Penalties induced by bending are investigated in large mode area polygonal leakage channel fibers for high-power applications. Fundamental and high-order mode losses are reduced considering decagonal symmetry fibers.
  • Kunimasa Saitoh, Shailendra K. Varshney, Masanori Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 15 26 17724 - 17735 2007年12月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We propose a new design of hole-assisted fiber (HAF) that can compensate for the accumulated dispersion in single-mode fiber link along with dispersion slope, thus providing broadband dispersion compensation over C-band as well as can amplify the signal channels by utilizing the stimulated Raman scattering phenomena. The proposed dispersion-compensating HAF (DCHAF) exhibits the lowest dispersion coefficient of -550 ps/nm/km at 1550 nm with an effective mode area of 15.6 mu m(2). A 2.52 km long module of DCHAF amplifies incoming signals by rendering a gain of 4.2 dB with +/- 0.8 dB gain flatness over whole C-band. To obtain accurate modal properties of DCHAF, a full-vector finite element method (FEM) solver is employed. The macro-bend loss characteristics of the proposed DCHAF are evaluated using FEM solver in cylindrical coordinate systems of a curved DCHAF, and low bending losses (< 10(-2) dB/m for 1 cm bending radius) are obtained for improved DCHAF design while keeping intact its dispersion compensation and Raman amplification properties. We have further investigated the birefringence characteristics that can give significant information on the polarization mode dispersion of DCHAF by assuming a certain deformation ( eccentricity e = 7%) either in air-holes or in the doped core or in both at a same time. It is noticed that the distortion in air-holes induces a birefringence of 10(-5), which is larger by a factor of 10 than the birefringence caused due to the core ellipticity. A PMD of 11.3 ps/root km is obtained at 1550 nm for distorted air-holes DCHAF structure. (c) 2008 Optical Society of America.
  • Kunimasa Saitoh, Nikolaos Florous, Tadashi Murao, Shailendra Varshney, Masanori Koshiba
    IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 19 19 1547 - 1549 2007年10月01日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The possibility of designing compact ultranarrow bandpass filters based on the phenomenon of nonproximity resonant tunneling in multicore photonic bandgap fibers is proposed and numerically demonstrated in this investigation by making use of versatile algorithms based on the finite-element method. The proposed multifunctional assembly exhibits bandpass transmission characteristics at four closed spaced wavelengths with a 3-dB bandwidth of about 1.2 nm and an insertion loss of about 0.8 dB. The isolation level between neighbor channels, ranging from 12 dB up to 15 dB, could be achieved at optical frequencies. The overall device performance offers some promising propagation characteristics for various all-fiber narrow bandpass filters. © 2007, IEEE. All rights reserved.
  • Kunimasa Saitoh, Nikolaos John Florous, Tadashi Murao, Masanori Koshiba
    JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY 25 9 2440 - 2447 2007年09月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    This paper theoretically describes effective suppression of higher order modes (HOMs) in realistic large-hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers (PBGFs) and utilizes the use of this class of waveguides for low-loss data-transmission applications and high-power beam delivery systems. The proposed design strategy is based on the resonant-coupling mechanism of central air-core modes with defected outer core modes. By incorporating six 7-unit-cell air cores in the cladding of the PBGF with sixfold symmetry, it is possible by resonantly coupling the light corresponding to the HOMs in a central 19-unit-cell core into the outer 7-unit-cell core, thus significantly increasing the leakage losses of the HOMs in comparison to those of fundamental mode. We consider a realistic PBGF structure with hexagonal airholes having rounded corners and derive a surface-mode-free condition of a silica-ring thickness surrounding the hollow core for both 7-unit-cell and 19-unit-cell cores. Verification regarding the propagation properties of the proposed design is ensured with a PBGF analysis based on a finite element modal solver. Numerical results show that the leakage losses of the HOMs can be enhanced in a level of at least three orders of magnitude over 200-nm wavelength range in comparison to those of the fundamental mode, while in addition, we show that the incorporation of a realistic air core with optimized silica-ring thickness can eliminate surface modes and achieve strong confinement into the central core and very low,eta-factor for the fundamental mode.
  • Nikolaos John Florous, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NANOTECHNOLOGY 6 5 549 - 555 2007年09月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We theoretically investigate the intense tunable nanofocusing of light in certain families of metallo-dielectric nanograin particles and topologically defected nanocylinders, mediated by thermoplasmonic resonances. By using versatile numerical algorithms, based on either exact 3-D electromagnetic scattering from canonical geometries, or discrete dipole approximation modeling for particles with arbitrary shapes, associated with the spectral as well as the thermooptical response of the proposed classes of plasmonic nanostructures, we identify the mechanisms responsible for the enhanced tunable thermoplasmonic resonances, by varying the ambient temperature. In addition it is found that the plasmonic resonances are also sensitive to the electric properties of the host medium, thus enabling this novel class of plasmonic nanoparticles to be used as fluidic (liquid/gas) sensors. Our investigation is expected to remove an essential obstacle in the development of nanosensing platforms with high sensitiveness to temperature fluctuations and ultracompact size, thus making the proposed plasmonic resonators excellent candidates for future nanoplasmonic sensing systems.
  • S. K. Varshney, N. J. Florous, K. Saltolt, M. Koshiba, T. Fujisawa
    OPTICS COMMUNICATIONS 274 1 74 - 79 2007年06月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    In this paper, we numerically investigate and optimize the profile of a photonic crystal fiber (PCF) that can eliminate the residual dispersion from the telecom link as well as can provide identical dispersion compensation over S + C + L bands. A full-vectorial finite element method combined with genetic algorithm is used to optimize the fiber's profile as well as to accurately determine its modal properties. The optimized PCF exhibits a dispersion of -98.3 ps/nm/km with a variance of +/- 0.55 ps/nm/km from 1.48 mu m to 1.63 mu m (i.e., over 150 nm bandwidth) and a zero dispersion slope. Macro-bending loss performance of the designed PCF is also studied and it is found that the fiber shows low bending losses for the smallest feasible bending radius of 5 mm. Further, sensitivity analysis has been carried out for the proposed fiber design and it has been found that a +/- 2% change in the fiber parameters may lead to a +/- 8% shift of the dispersion from its nominal value. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • Naoya Kono, Kuniaki Kakihara, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 15 12 7737 - 7751 2007年06月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    By introducing nonreciprocal phase shifts into microresonators, we propose new designs for the miniaturization of optical waveguide isolators and circulators. We present detailed design procedures, and numerically demonstrate the operation of these magneto-optical devices. The device sizes can be reduced down to several tens of micrometers. The nonreciprocal function of these devices is due to nonreciprocal resonance shifts. Next, the operation bandwidth can be expanded by increasing the number of resonators ( the filter order). This is demonstrated by comparing the characteristics of a single-resonator structure with those of a three-resonator structure. This paper furthermore presents the nonreciprocal characteristics of three-dimensional resonators with finite heights, leading to a guideline for the design of nonreciprocal optical circuits. This involves a demonstration of how the resonators with selected parameters are practical for miniaturized nonreciprocal circuits. (c) 2007 Optical Society of America.
  • Nikolaos J. Florous, Shailendra K. Varsheney, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS 19 9-12 796 - 797 2007年05月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Tadashi Murao, Kunimasa Saitoh, Nikolaos J. Florous, Masanori Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 15 7 4268 - 4280 2007年04月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    In this paper, we study the novel propagation properties of an improved triangular-type air-core photonic bandgap fiber (PBGF) structured with an anti-resonant silica core surround, through a full-vector modal solver based on the finite-element method (FEM). At first, to realize a single-mode operation over a wide wavelength range, the fiber whose core is constructed by removing 1 air-hole and expanded is proposed and structurally-optimized. In particular, the structural parameters for the fiber that prevent the narrow-band transmission due to the existence of the surface modes and enhance the confinement of the power in the air-core are presented. For the realization of an ultimate low loss transmission, a 7-unit-cell PBGF is analyzed and we show that the 7-unit-cell PBGF can achieve not only lower confinement loss than that of regular-type 7-unit-cell PBGF, but also lower power fraction in the silica-ring when compared with the regular 19-unit-cell PBGF with an anti-resonant core surround, exhibiting an effectively single-mode operation. (c) 2007 Optical Society of America.
  • Shailendra K. Varshney, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba, Peter J. Roberts
    OPTICAL FIBER TECHNOLOGY 13 2 174 - 179 2007年04月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    In the present paper, the highly efficient Raman amplification properties of a realistic and idealized dispersion compensating photonic crystal fiber (DCPCF) are described numerically. We have used an accurate full-vectorial finite element modal solver with hybrid curvilinear edge/nodal elements and anisotropic perfectly matched layers for an accurate modal characterization of the realistic as well as idealized DCPCF. A good agreement is observed between numerically evaluated and experimentally [P.J. Roberts, B.J. Mangan, H. Sabert, F. Couny, et al., J. Opt. Fiber Commun. Rep. 2 (2005) 435-461] measured dispersion values. A high peak Raman gain efficiency of 10.5 W-1 km(-1) is obtained at 13.1 THz frequency shift for a 1455 nm depolarized pump. A DCPCF module of 1-km length can compensate for the dispersion accumulated over 70-km of conventional single mode fiber link with a residual dispersion of +/- 50 ps/nm and can provide an average gain of 7.6 dB with +/- 0.9 dB gain ripples over C-band. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • S. K. Varshney, Y. Tsuchida, K. Sasaki, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 15 6 2974 - 2980 2007年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We have experimentally measured the Raman gain efficiency (RGE) and chromatic dispersion (CD) of a hole-assisted fiber (HAF). The RGE of a HAF was characterized using standard pump on/off technique while the CD of the fiber was measured using optical network analyzer. Theoretical simulations of the modal characteristics and the RGE of HAF were carried out using an accurate full-vectorial finite element method. Further, the bending effects on the CD and the RGE of a HAF with a smallest feasible bending radius are demonstrated. It was found that the CD increases while the RGE is decreased by bending HAF in a smallest bending radius of 5 mm. Numerical predictions from the theory are shown to be in good agreement with the experimental results. (c) 2007 Optical Society of America.
  • Kazuya Sasaki, Shailendra K. Varshney, Keisuke Wada, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 15 5 2654 - 2668 2007年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    This paper focuses on the optimization of pump spectra to achieve low Raman gain ripples over C-band in ultra-low loss photonic crystal fiber (PCF) and dispersion compensating PCFs (DCPCFs). Genetic algorithm (GA), a multivariate stochastic optimization algorithm, is applied to optimize the pump powers and the wavelengths for the aforesaid fiber designs. In addition, the GA integrated with full-vectorial finite element method with curvilinear edge/nodal elements is used to optimize the structural parameters of DCPCF. The optimized DCPCF provides broadband dispersion compensation over C-band with low negative dispersion coefficient of -530 ps/nm/km at 1550 nm, which is five times larger than the conventional dispersion compensating fibers with nearly equal effective mode area (21.7 mu m(2)). A peak gain of 8.4 dB with +/- 0.21 dB gain ripple is achieved for a 2.73 km long DCPCF module when three optimized pumps are used in the backward direction. The lowest gain ripple of +/- 0.36 dB is attained for a 10 km long ultra-low loss PCF with three backward pumps. Sensitivity analysis has been performed and it is found that within the experimental fabrication tolerances of +/- 2%, the absolute magnitude of dispersion may vary by +/- 16%, while the Raman gain may change by +/- 7%. Through tolerance study, it is examined that the ring core's hole-size is more sensitive to the structural deformations. (c) 2007 Optical Society of America.
  • Nikolaos John Florous, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS 19 5-8 324 - 326 2007年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We perform a numerical investigation on the operation of an inline temperature sensor based on the inclusion of metallic nanoparticles into photonic crystal fibers (PCFs). This creates a simple, yet robust, platform which can be used to investigate the properties of nanoparticles, for sensing, spectroscopy, and optical switching applications. The optical response of gold nanoparticles embedded in the PCF matrix was evaluated as a function of temperature and the use of the structure as an inline fiber-optic temperature sensor is theoretically described. A blue-shift in the localized surface plasmon resonance related peak, as well as narrowing of the plasmon resonance, was observed upon decreasing the temperature of the nanoparticle embedded into the PCF at very low temperatures, thus permitting the operation of this sensing platform at cryogenic temperatures.
  • Yukihiro Tsuchida, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 15 4 1794 - 1803 2007年02月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    One of the major trends in optical fiber science is to be able to obtain fibers with large-mode-area ( LMA), optimized for various applications such as high power delivery, fiber amplifiers, and fiber lasers. In order to ensure the high beam quality and the ultimate controllability of the damage threshold in the fiber's material, it is required to have a LMA property and of course to operate in a single mode fashion. While the conventional fibers have some difficulties in providing simultaneously LMA, single mode operation, as well as low macro-bending loss characteristics, all-silica holey fibers are highly attractive candidates for realizing LMA single-mode fibers with low bending losses. In this paper, we present a novel type of effectively single-mode holey fibers with effective mode area of about 1400 mu m(2), small allowable bending radius as small as 5 cm, good beam quality factor of 1.15, and high confinement losses exceeding 1 dB/m for the higher-order mode at 1.064-mu m wavelength. (c) 2007 Optical Society of America.
  • Shallendra K. Varshney, Kazuya Sasaki, Kunimasa Saitoh, Nikolaos J. Florous, Masanori Koshiba
    Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe - Technical Digest 2007年 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Nikolaos J. Florous, K. Saitoh, S. K. Varsheney, Y. Tsuchida, T. Murao, M. Koshiba
    Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe - Technical Digest 2007年 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Yukihiro Tsuchida, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    OFC/NFOEC 2007 - Optical Fiber Communication and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2007 2007年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We propose a novel design method for large-mode-area single-mode holey fiber with effective mode area of 1400 μm2, small allowable bending radius of 5 cm, and good beam quality factor of 1.15 at 1.064-μm wavelength. © 2007 Optical Society of America.
  • Naoya Kono, Nobuhiro Yokoi, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    OFC/NFOEC 2007 - Optical Fiber Communication and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2007 2007年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The introduction of coupled-resonator optical waveguides to ring resonators in the IIR niter configuration enables a miniaturized interleaver with wide flat-top passbands. A wavelength-insensitive photonic crystal directional coupler with two decoupling points is also presented. © 2007 Optical Society of America.
  • Kunimasa Saitoh, Hironori Nagano, Nikolaos Florous, Masanori Koshiba
    OFC/NFOEC 2007 - Optical Fiber Communication and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2007 2007年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    By using an accurate numerical method we show that both the higher-order peaks and main peak of the SBS in hole-assisted-fibers can be enhanced by more than 3-dB, by appropriate selection of the design parameters. ©2007 Optical Society of America.
  • Tadashi Murao, Kunimasa Saitoh, Nikolaos J. Florous, Masanori Koshiba
    OFC/NFOEC 2007 - Optical Fiber Communication and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2007 2007年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The condition for single-mode operation in photonic band-gap fibers (PBGFs) is investigated. If the silica-ring satisfies an anti-resonant condition, the PBGF with a realistic core exhibits a single-mode operation over a wide wavelength range. © 2007 Optical Society of America.
  • Kunimasa Saitoh, Nikolaos Florous, Tadashi Murao, Masanori Koshiba
    OFC/NFOEC 2007 - Optical Fiber Communication and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2007 2007年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We present the suppression of higher-order modes in realistic large-hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers, free of surface modes, based on the index-matching mechanism of central air-core modes with defected outer-core modes for an effectively single-mode operation. ©2007 Optical Society of America.
  • S. K. Varshney, Y. Tsuchida, K. Sasaki, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    2007 CONFERENCE ON LASERS & ELECTRO-OPTICS/QUANTUM ELECTRONICS AND LASER SCIENCE CONFERENCE (CLEO/QELS 2007), VOLS 1-5 1896 - 1897 2007年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The Raman gain efficiency and chromatic-dispersion of a hole-assisted fiber with and without minimum allowable bending radius are measured. Numerical predictions from the theory are shown to be in good agreement with the experimental results. (C) 2007 Optical Society of America
  • Takahto Kirihara, Takeshi Fujisawa, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATIONS IN JAPAN PART II-ELECTRONICS 90 5 19 - 26 2007年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    This paper proposes an analytical approximation theory for evaluation of the transmission characteristics of a nonlinear photonic crystal fiber. A photonic crystal fiber with a cornplex cross-sectional structure is replaced equivalently with a conventional step-index fiber so that an analylical approximation theory developed for the conventional nonlinear theory developed for theconventional nonlinear optical fiber can be applied directly to the nonlinear photonic crystal fiber. In order to derive an effective index of refraction of the clad region of the photonic crystal fiber with holes, an empirical formula for the normalized frequency of the photonic crystal fiber proposed recently is introduced. Hence, the fundamental quantities describing the transmission characteristics of the nonlinear photonic crystal fiber, specifically the effective index of refraction and the effective core cross section, can easily be derived without numerical calculations. By using the proposed method, the optical power dependence of the transmission characteristics of the nonlinear photonic crystal fiber is analyzed. Validity of the proposed method is verified by comparison of the results with those by calculations based on the full-vectorial finite element method. (C) 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
  • Nikolaos John Florous, Kunimasa Saitoh, Tadashi Murao, Masanori Koshiba
    2007 CONFERENCE ON LASERS & ELECTRO-OPTICS/QUANTUM ELECTRONICS AND LASER SCIENCE CONFERENCE (CLEO/QELS 2007), VOLS 1-5 2556 - 2557 2007年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We theoretically investigate the intense nano-focusing of light through a novel family of metallo-dielectric nano-particles mediated by thermo-plasmonic resonances. The results show a significant sensitivity of the plasmonic resonance to temperature and environmental fluctuations. (C) 2007 Optical Society of America
  • Kunimasa Saitoh, Nikolaos John Florous, Shailendra Kumar Varshney, Masanori Koshiba
    2007 CONFERENCE ON LASERS & ELECTRO-OPTICS/QUANTUM ELECTRONICS AND LASER SCIENCE CONFERENCE (CLEO/QELS 2007), VOLS 1-5 1914 - 1915 2007年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We demonstrate the possibility of designing compact ultra-narrow band-pass filters to split four different wavelengths based on the phenomenon of non-proximity resonant tunneling in multi-core photonic band-gap fibers for resonance-sensing and wavelength-selective filtering applications. (C)2007 Optical Society of America
  • Yoshiki Ishikawa, Kunimasa Saitoh, Takeshi Fujisawa, Masanori Koshiba
    ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATIONS IN JAPAN PART II-ELECTRONICS 90 5 11 - 18 2007年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    This paper theoretically evaluates the leakage loss characteristics of a quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation device using a ridge-type MgO:LiNbO3/LiNbO3 waveguide with a gap proposed as an efficient low-loss wave conversion device. The full-vectorial finite element method for an analysis of the anisotropic waveguide is used. The effects of the distance from the MfO:LiNbO3 surface to the gap and the width and dept of the gap on the leakage loss are studied in detail. Also, it is found that there are cases where the leakage loos of the polarization related to wavelength conversion does not become less than a certain level even if the depth of the gap is made sufficiently deep. Its mechanism is found and a provision for further reduction of such a leakage loss is described (C) 2007 Wiley Periodical, Inc.
  • Kuniaki Kakihara, Naoya Kono, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 14 23 11128 - 11141 2006年11月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    This paper presents a new full-vectorial finite-element method in a local cylindrical coordinate system, to effectively analyze bending losses in photonic wires. The discretization is performed in the cross section of a three-dimensional curved waveguide, using hybrid edge/nodal elements. The solution region is truncated by anisotropic, perfectly matched layers in the cylindrical coordinate system, to deal properly with leaky modes of the waveguide. This approach is used to evaluate bending losses in silicon wire waveguides. The numerical results of the present approach are compared with results calculated with an equivalent straight waveguide approach and with reported experimental data. These comparisons together demonstrate the validity of the present approach based on the cylindrical coordinate system and also clarifies the limited validity of the equivalent straight waveguide approximation. (c) 2006 Optical Society of America.
  • フォトニック結晶回路とシリコン細線導波路の高効率接続法
    鳥羽田明広, 齊藤晋聖, 小柴正則
    電子情報通信学会論文誌 J89-C 11 933 - 940 2006年11月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Nikolaos John Florous, Kunirnasa Saitoh, Shailendra K. Varsheney, Masanori Koshiba
    IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS 18 21-24 2206 - 2208 2006年11月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The spectral and thermooptical responses of photonic crystal fiber gratings (PCFGs) infiltrated with gaseous solutions, Are investigated theoretically using an accurate semivectorial modal solver combined with exact equations for the reflection response of fiber Bragg gratings. We demonstrate numerically perhaps for the first time, that by an appropriate selection of the design parameters, it is possible to obtain compact sensing platforms based on the shift of the calculated reflectance spectra of the PCFG. Thus, our investigation adds evidence to the potential use of PCFGs as gas/liquid sensors. In addition, we show through a thermooptical sensitivity analysis that this type of sensors can easily meet the requirements for channel allocation in wavelength-division-multiplexing systems with relatively low temperature sensitivity.
  • 空げきを有するリッジ型擬似位相整合第二高調波発生素子の漏れ損失
    石川嘉樹, 齊藤晋聖, 藤澤 剛, 小柴正則
    電子情報通信学会論文誌 J89-C 10 700 - 707 2006年10月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • 非線形フォトニック結晶ファイバの解析的近似理論
    桐原誉人, 藤澤 剛, 齊藤晋聖, 小柴正則
    電子情報通信学会論文誌 J89-C 10 692 - 699 2006年10月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba, Niels Asger Mortensen
    NEW JOURNAL OF PHYSICS 8 207 1 - 9 2006年09月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The strong waveguide dispersion in photonic crystal fibres (PCFs) provides unique opportunities for nonlinear optics with a zero-dispersion wavelength lambda(0) far below the limit of similar to 1.3 mu m set by the material dispersion of silica. By tuning the air hole diameter d, the pitch Lambda, and the number of rings of air holes N, the strong waveguide dispersion can in principle be used to extend lambda(0) well into the visible, albeit to some extent at the cost of multi-mode operation. We study in detail the interplay of the zero-dispersion wavelength, the cutoff wavelength lambda(c), and the leakage loss in the parameter space spanned by d, Lambda, and N. As a particular result, we identify values of d (similar to 500 nm) and Lambda (similar to 700 nm) which facilitate the shortest possible zero-dispersion wavelength (similar to 700 nm), while the fibre is still in single-mode for longer wavelengths.
  • Kunimasa Saitoh, Nikolaos John Florous, Tadashi Murao, Masanori Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 14 16 7342 - 7352 2006年08月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The objective of the present investigation is to propose and theoretically demonstrate the effective suppression of higher-order modes in large-hollow-core photonic band gap fibers (PBGFs), mainly for low-loss data transmission platforms and/or high power delivery systems. The proposed design strategy is based on the index-matching mechanism of central air-core modes with defected outer core modes. By incorporating several air-cores in the cladding of the PBGF with 6-fold symmetry it is possible to resonantly couple the light corresponding to higher-order modes into the outer core, thus significantly increasing the leakage losses of the higher-order modes in comparison to the fundamental mode, thus making our proposed design to operate in an effectively single mode fashion with polarization independent propagation characteristics. The validation of the procedure is ensured with a detailed PBGF analysis based on an accurate finite element modal solver. Extensive numerical results show that the leakage losses of the higher-order modes can be enhanced in a level of at least 2 orders of magnitude in comparison to those of the fundamental mode. Our investigation is expected to remove an essential obstacle in the development of large-core single-mode hollow-core fibers, thus enabling them to surpass the attenuation of conventional fibers. (c) 2006 Optical Society of America.
  • Kuniaki Kakihara, Naoya Kono, Kunimasa Saitoh, Takeshi Fujisawa, Masanori Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 14 16 7046 - 7056 2006年08月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The objective of this paper is the detailed study of polarization conversion in deformed high index contrast (HIC) waveguides. The type of deformation considered here is the slanted sidewalls of buried channel waveguides. Polarization conversion of HIC waveguides are investigated for possible core refractive indices ranging from 2 (SiNx) to 3.5 (Si), by using numerical schemes based on the finite-element and beam propagation methods. The numerical results show that polarization conversion can be greatly magnified in HIC channel waveguides. For example, in Si-wire waveguides, complete polarization conversions can occur within just tens of micrometers. (c) 2006 Optical Society of America
  • Tadashi Murao, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS 18 13-16 1666 - 1668 2006年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    In this letter, we propose a novel type of air-guiding photonic bandgap fiber, which exhibits an effectively single-mode operation with a low confinement loss over a wide wavelength range, extended from 1460 to 1840 run. For several realistic structural parameters, the wavelength dependence of the dispersion as well as the confinement loss properties are investigated through a full-vector modal solver based on the finite-element method. In particular, we optimize the structure so as to exhibit the following performance: effectively single-mode operation from 1460 to 1840 rim, with corresponding confinement loss of the fundamental air-guided mode of 8.8 x 10(-5) dB/km, and enhancement of the confinement loss of the higher order mode of 43 dB/m for ten-ring structure.
  • Nikolaos J. Florous, Shailendra K. Varsheney, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS 18 13-16 1663 - 1665 2006年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The spectral and thermooptical sensitivity responses of highly birefringent photonic, crystal fibers (PCFs) with elliptically elongated veins integrated in their profile are being investigated using a novel sensitivity analysis based on an accurate semivectorial modal solver combined with temperature-dependent Sellmeier equations for pure silica and dry air. We demonstrate that by an appropriate selection of the design parameters it is possible to optimize the sensitivity of the modal birefringence or even to obtain null response at specific wavelengths. Thus, our investigation adds evidence to the potential use of highly birefringent PCFs as polarimetric sensors. Optimized overall temperature sensitivity could be obtained up to 7.5 center dot 10(-7) K-1 at operational wavelength of 1.55 mu m.
  • Kunimasa Saitoh, Takeshi Fujisawa, Takahito Kirihara, Masanori Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 14 14 6572 - 6582 2006年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Approximate empirical relations for nonlinear photonic crystal fibers (PCFs) are newly proposed. Replacing a PCF with a conventional step-index fiber, closed form expressions for the effective refractive index and the effective core area of nonlinear PCFs are derived. To define the equivalent cladding index, the effective index of the so-called fundamental space-filling mode, which is calculated using empirical relations for the effective normalized frequency, is introduced, and thus, nonlinear guided waves propagating in PCFs can be easily characterized without the need for numerical computations. The validity of the method proposed here is ensured by comparing the calculated results with those obtained by a full-vector finite-element method. (c) 2006 Optical Society of America.
  • Raman amplification properties of photonic crystal fibers
    S.K. Varshney, K. Saitoh, N.J. Florous, M. Koshiba
    International Journal of Microwave and Optical Technology 1 1 173 - 180 2006年06月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • NJ Florous, K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS 18 9-12 1231 - 1233 2006年05月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The objective of this letter is to introduce and numerically investigate the operation of a novel type of polarization-independent splitter based on highly birefringent dual-core photonic crystal fiber (PCF), which allows wavelength multiplexing at 1.3 and 1.55 mu m. The design procedure follows a rigorous synthesis algorithm based on exact equations for describing the wavelength decoupling mechanism and on full-vector finite element as well as beam propagation methods for accurate modeling of PCFs. Typical characteristics of the newly proposed PCF splitter are coupling length of 9.08 mm and available optical bandwidths defined at a level of -20 dB of 5.5 and 2 nm around 1.3 and 1.55 mu m, respectively.
  • NJ Florous, K Saitoh, T Murao, M Koshiba, M Skorobogatiy
    OPTICS EXPRESS 14 11 4861 - 4872 2006年05月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The objective of the present investigation is to demonstrate the possibility of designing compact ultra-narrow band-pass filters based on the phenomenon of non-proximity resonant tunneling in multi-core photonic band gap fibers ( PBGFs). The proposed PBGF consists of three identical air-cores separated by two defected air-holes which act as highly-selective resonators. With a fine adjustment of the design parameters associated with the resonant-air-holes, phase matching at two distinct wavelengths can be achieved, thus enabling very narrow-band resonant directional coupling between the input and the two output cores. The validation of the proposed design is ensured with an accurate PBGF analysis based on finite element modal and beam propagation algorithms. Typical characteristics of the proposed device over a single polarization are: reasonable short coupling length of 2.7 mm, dual bandpass transmission response at wavelengths of 1.339 and 1.357 mu m, with corresponding full width at half maximum bandwidths of 1.2 nm and 1.1 nm respectively, and a relatively high transmission of 95% at the exact resonance wavelengths. The proposed ultra-narrow band-pass filter can be employed in various applications such as all-fiber bandpass/bandstop filtering and resonant sensors. (c) 2006 Optical Society of America.
  • N Yokoi, T Fujisawa, K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 14 10 4459 - 4468 2006年05月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Apodized photonic crystal (PC) waveguide gratings are proposed to suppress sidelobes which appear in reflection spectra of usual PC waveguide gratings. By using specific functions (Gauss and Gauss-cosine functions) for the longitudinal refractive index distribution, it is possible to suppress sidelobes in the reflection spectra of PC waveguide gratings efficiently. The apodization is realized by simply changing diameters of dielectric pillars adjacent to the PC waveguide core. It is shown that by using Gauss-cosine functions for the apodization, Bragg frequency of the waveguide grating becomes insensitive to the magnitude of perturbation leading to the possibility of designing waveguide gratings with arbitrarily Bragg frequency and bandwidth by modulating geometrical parameters only. (c) 2006 Optical Society of America.
  • NJ Florous, K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    OPTICS LETTERS 31 9 1226 - 1228 2006年05月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The electrodynamic properties of a novel class of photonic-crystal metamaterial platform entirely synthesized by ultralow-refractive-index suspended nanostrips embedded in a dielectric matrix are described and investigated. The optical properties of the homogeneous metamaterial platform can be understood on the basis of equivalent distributed circuit extraction from an electromagnetic model that has negatively distributed superinductive properties. Low propagation loss, temperature-insensitive characteristics, and ultracompact size are the main advantages of the proposed technology, making this new type of metamaterial an excellent candidate for use in compact multilayer nanophotonic integrated systems. (c) 2006 Optical Society of America.
  • Shailendra K. Varshney, Takeshi Fujisawa, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    Optics Express 14 8 3528 - 3540 2006年04月17日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    This paper presents an optimized design of a dispersion compensating photonic crystal fiber (PCF) to achieve gain-flattened Raman performances over S-band using a single pump. Genetic algorithm interfaced with an efficient full-vectorial finite element modal solver based on curvilinear edge/nodal elements is used as an optimization tool for an accurate determination of PCF design parameters. The designed PCF shows high negative dispersion coefficient (-264 ps/nm/km to -1410 ps/nm/km) and negative dispersion slope, providing coarse dispersion compensation over the entire S-band. The module comprised of 1.45-km long optimized PCF exhibits ±0.46 dB gain ripples over 50 nm wide bandwidth and shows a very low double Rayleigh backscattering value (-59.8 dB). The proposed module can compensate for the dispersion accumulated in one span (80-km) of standard single mode fiber with a residual dispersion of ±700 ps/nm, ensuring its applicability for 10 Gb/s WDM networks. Additionally, the designed PCF remains single mode over the range of operating wavelengths. © 2006 Optical Society of America.
  • NJ Florous, K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS 18 5-8 898 - 900 2006年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    In this letter, we introduce a novel computational technique for predicting thermal and structural sensitivities in metallo-dielectric photonic crystals (PCs). The computational scheme is based on a hybrid formalism of the scattering matrix technique combined with the adjoint network method. The proposed technique can predict with high accuracy the impact of temperature fluctuations or structural disorders, to the light-wave propagation in PCs, without additional computational effort. Numerical simulations show that PC circuits based on metallic-metamaterial platforms are significantly less sensitive to temperature variations in comparison to usual dielectric PCs.
  • T Murao, K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 14 6 2404 - 2412 2006年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We investigate photonic band-gap (PBG) profiles of a modified honeycomb lattice structure and we identify the structural parameters that possess the largest band-gap. By incorporating the identified profile into the cladding, the wavelength dependence of the dispersion properties and confinement losses of air-guiding modified honeycomb PBG fibers (PBGFs) is investigated through a full-vector modal solver based on finite element method. In particular, we find that broadband effectively single-mode operation from 1450 nm to 1850 nm can be achieved using a modified honeycomb PBGF with a defected core realized by removing 7 air holes. (c) 2006 Optical Society of America.
  • NI Florous, K Saitoh, M Koshiba, M Skorobogatiy
    APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS 88 12 1 - 3 2006年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We propose and numerically investigate the thermal-insensitive properties of a wavelength-selective filter based on heterostructure photonic crystals with ultralow-refractive-index metallic nanowires. The operational principle of the proposed device is based on the photon trapping by total external reflections between the ultralow refractive index metamaterial claddings and the guiding air cores. The low propagation losses, the ultracompact size as well as the temperature-insensitive operation are the main advantages of the proposed metamaterial technology, making the proposed de-multiplexer an excellent candidate for applications in nanophotonic-integrated systems operating in the visible frequency spectrum.
  • SK Varshney, NJ Florous, K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 14 5 1982 - 1995 2006年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    In this paper we study the impact of elliptically-deformed features such as cladding air-holes and elliptically-modulated cores, as ingredients for optimizing the coupling characteristics of dual-core fluorine-doped photonic crystal fiber (PCF) couplers. We provide a detailed numerical investigation by using a trial and error approach for optimizing the propagation characteristics of fluorine-doped PCF couplers. Typical characteristics of the newly proposed PCF coupler structure are: wavelength-flattened coupling characteristics between 0.7 mu m and 1.6 mu m wavelength range, coupling efficiency of 50 +/- 1% from 0.9 mu m to 1.6 mu m, and a reasonably small coupling length of 1.3 cm. In addition we have elaborately derived the design parameters so that our proposed dual-core PCF coupler exhibits polarization-insensitive characteristics verified by using a full-vectorial beam propagation method. The proposed dual-core PCF can be effectively used as a 3-dB coupler, over a wide wavelength range. (c) 2006 Optical Society of America.
  • M Skorobogatiy, K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 14 4 1439 - 1450 2006年02月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Novel type of microstructured optical fiber couplers is introduced where energy transfer is enabled by transverse resonator arrays built into a fiber crossection. Such a design allows unlimited spatial separation between interacting fiber cores which, in turn, eliminates inter-core crosstalk via proximity coupling, thus enabling scalable integration of many fiber cores. Moreover, in the limit of weak inter-resonator coupling, resonator arrays exhibit moderate polarization dependence. (c) 2006 Optical Society of America.
  • NJ Florous, K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    OPTICS LETTERS 31 3 404 - 406 2006年02月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We introduce a novel analysis technique for predicting thermo-optical sensitivities in photonic crystal (PC) circuits composed of either dielectric-semiconducting or metallic constituents. The proposed numerical analysis is based on a hybrid formalism of the scattering matrix technique combined with the adjoint network method. The proposed computational scheme can, with modest computational resources, predict with high accuracy, the effect of the temperature fluctuations to the light-wave propagation in PCs. Numerical simulations show that PC circuits based on metallic metamaterial platforms are significantly less sensitive to temperature variations than the usual dielectric or semiconducting PCs. (c) 2006 Optical Society of America.
  • M Skorobogatiy, K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    OPTICS LETTERS 31 3 314 - 316 2006年02月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A novel class of microstructured optical fiber coupler is introduced that operates by resonant, rather than proximity, energy transfer by means of transverse light guides built into a fiber cross section. Such a design permits significant spatial separation between interacting fibers, which, in turn, eliminates intercore cross talk owing to proximity coupling. A controllable energy transfer between the cores is then achieved by localized and highly directional transmission through a transverse light guide. The main advantage of this coupling scheme is its inherent scalability, as one can integrate additional fiber cores into the existing fiber cross section simply by placing the cores far enough from the existing optical circuitry to prevent proximity cross talk and then making the necessary intercore connections with transverse light wires, in direct analogy with on-chip electronics integration. (c) 2006 Optical Society of America.
  • Keiichi Morikawa, Takeshi Fujisawa, Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    IEICE ELECTRONICS EXPRESS 3 4 70 - 73 2006年02月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Transmission characteristics of laterally illuminated photonic crystal fibers for both Gamma-K and Gamma-M directions are investigated. From the numerical results obtained, it is found that a stop band is formed in the transmission spectrum for TE modes and light illumination towards Gamma-K direction, even though a photonic band gap (PBG) in Gamma-K direction does not exist. Such a pseudo-PBG can be used for photonic crystal fiber sensing applications as well as a true PBG.
  • N Florous, K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 14 2 901 - 913 2006年01月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The present paper describes a novel systematic solution to the challenging task of realizing photonic crystal fibers (PCFs) with flat chromatic dispersion, low leakage losses, and large mode area, mainly for applications as information carriers in wide-band high speed optical transmission systems. The proposed design strategy is based on the existence of an artificially-defected air-hole ring in the cladding and on the modulation of the refractive index of the core by assembling additional defected air-holes in the central core region of the fiber. The validation of the proposed design is carried out by adopting an efficient full-vectorial finite element method with perfectly matched layers for accurate characterization of PCFs. The remarkable flat chromatic dispersion as well as the large mode area and the low leakage losses are the main advantages of the proposed PCF structure, making it an ideal candidate for performing wavelength division multiplexing operation in reconfigurable optical transmission systems or as an information delivering platform in high speed optical communication systems. Typical characteristics of the newly proposed PCF are: flattened chromatic dispersion of 6.3 +/- 0.5 ps/km/nm in the S+C+L telecommunication band, and effective mode area as large as 100 mu m(2) in the same wavelength range. We additionally provide numerical data about the performance of the proposed PCF in splicing mode as well as during macrobending operation and we give qualitative information regarding the sensitivity of the proposed transmission platform to structural disorders of the design parameters. (c) 2006 Optical Society of America.
  • K Saitoh, NJ Florous, M Koshiba
    OPTICS LETTERS 31 1 26 - 28 2006年01月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We present a novel design approach for realizing holey fibers (HFs) with flat dispersion characteristics and large mode area based on the existence of an artificially defected air-hole ring in the cladding, and on the inclusion of additional defected air holes in the core of the fiber. This unique type of HF can be used for achieving remarkable flat dispersion characteristics as well as a large mode area, which are particularly useful for high-speed data transmission. The validation of the proposed design is done by adopting an efficient full-vectorial finite element method for optical characterization of HFs. The proposed fiber can be employed in reconfigurable optical transmission systems for performing wavelength division multiplexing operation. Typical characteristics of the proposed HF are a flattened dispersion of 6.3 +/- 0.5 ps/km/nm from 1.45 to 1.65 mu m and an effective mode area as large as 100 mu m(2) in the same frequency range. (c) 2006 Optical Society of America.
  • T Fujisawa, K Saitoh, K Wada, M Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 14 2 893 - 900 2006年01月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Chromatic dispersion profile of dual-concentric-core photonic crystal fibers is optimized for broadband dispersion compensation of single mode fibers (SMFs) by using genetic algorithm incorporated with full-vector finite-element method. From the numerical results presented here, it is found that by increasing the distance between central core and outer ring core, larger negative dispersion coefficient and better dispersion slope compensation are possible. There is a trade off between the magnitude of negative dispersion coefficient and dispersion slope compensation due to the concave dispersion profile of dual-concentric-core photonic crystal fibers. In spite of the tradeoff, dual-concentric-core photonic crystal fibers having larger negative dispersion coefficient as well as compensating for dispersion slope of SMFs in the entire C band with large effective area can be designed. (c) 2006 Optical Society of America.
  • Kunimasa Saitoh, Nikolaos J. Florous, Tadashi Murao, Masanori Koshiba, Maksim Skorobogatiy
    2006 European Conference on Optical Communications Proceedings, ECOC 2006 2006年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We demonstrate the operation of a novel class of narrow-band pass filters based on the revolutionary technology of non-proximity resonant tunneling in multi-core photonic band gap fibers.
  • M. Skorobogatiy, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and 2006 Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, CLEO/QELS 2006 2006年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Microstructured optical fiber couplers are proposed that operate by resonant rather than proximity energy transfer via transverse waveguides and resonator arrays in a fiber crossection, allowing significant inter-fiber separations, eliminating inter-core crosstalk by proximity coupling. © 2005 Optical Society of America.
  • Y Tsuchida, K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATIONS IN JAPAN PART II-ELECTRONICS 89 2 1 - 7 2006年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    With increased demand for larger capacity and lower cost for optical communication systems, high-density wiring and indoor wiring using optical fibers that can be installed or stored with a small bending radius are required. In response to this requirement, the holey fiber (HF), which has a structure with several air holes around the usual optical fiber core, has drawn attention. For the HF, the bending losses can be reduced by enlarging the air holes. However, if a large air hole diameter is used, there is a possibility that multimode operation may occur. Like the conventional optical fiber, the bending losses can be reduced in the HF if the mode field diameter (MFD) is made smaller. In this case, it becomes difficult to connect the HF with a standard single-mode fiber without increasing the loss. In this paper, an HF with two layers of air holes around a core doped with germanium is considered. It is reported that an HF with an allowable bending radius of less than 6.5 mm, a cutoff wavelength of less than 1.25 mu m, and an MFD of about 9 pm at a wavelength of 1.55 mu m can be designed if the core diameter, the hole spacing, and the hole diameter in each layer are appropriately selected. (c) 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
  • Shailendra K. Varshney, K. Saitoh, T. Fujisawa, M. Koshiba
    2006 OPTICAL FIBER COMMUNICATION CONFERENCE/NATIONAL FIBER OPTIC ENGINEERS CONFERENCE, VOLS 1-6 461 - 463 2006年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We present a novel inherent gain-flattened design of highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber Raman amplifier exhibiting +/- 0.85-dB gain-ripples over 28-nm bandwidth using a single pump in C-band employing the leakage loss property with integrated dispersion compensation functionality. (C) 2005 Optical Society of America.
  • 小柴正則, 斉藤晋聖
    レーザー研究 34 1 31 - 36 2006年01月 [査読有り][招待有り]
  • K Saitoh, Y Tsuchida, M Koshiba, NA Mortensen
    OPTICS EXPRESS 13 26 10833 - 10839 2005年12月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    In this paper we evaluate the cut-off properties of holey fibers (HFs) with a triangular lattice of air holes and the core formed by the removal of a single (HF1) or more air holes (HF3 and HF7). With the aid of finite-element simulations we determine the single-mode and multi-mode phases and also find the air hole diameters limiting the endlessly single-mode regime. From calculations of V and W parameters we find that in general HF1 is less susceptible to longitudinal non-uniformities compared to the other designs for equivalent effective areas. As an example we illustrate this general property for the particular case of a macro-bending induced loss. (c) 2005 Optical Society of America.
  • K Saitoh, NJ Florous, M Koshiba, M Skorobogatiy
    OPTICS EXPRESS 13 25 10327 - 10335 2005年12月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The objective of the present paper is to introduce and numerically demonstrate the operation of a novel band-pass filter based on the phenomenon of resonant tunneling in multi-core photonic crystal fibers (PCFs). The proposed PCF consists of two identical cores separated by a third one which acts as a resonator. With a fine adjustment of the design parameters associated with the resonant-core, phase matching at a single wavelength can be achieved, thus enabling very narrow-band resonant directional coupling between the input and the output cores. The validation of the design is ensured with an accurate PCF analysis based on finite element and beam propagation algorithms. The proposed narrow band-pass filter can be employed in various applications such as all fiber bandpass/bandstop filtering.
  • SK Varshney, T Fujisawa, K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 13 23 9516 - 9526 2005年11月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    In this paper, we report, for the first time, an inherently gain-flattened discrete highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber (HNPCF) Raman amplifier (HNPCF-RA) design which shows 13.7 dB of net gain (with +/- 0.85-dB gain ripple) over 28-nm bandwidth. The wavelength dependent leakage loss property of HNPCF is used to flatten the Raman gain of the amplifier module. The PCF structural design is based on W-shaped refractive index profile where the fiber parameters are well optimized by homely developed genetic algorithm optimization tool integrated with an efficient vectorial finite element method (V- FEM). The proposed fiber design has a high Raman gain efficiency of 4.88 W-1. km(-1) at a frequency shift of 13.1 THz, which is precisely evaluated through V- FEM. Additionally, the designed module, which shows ultra-wide single mode operation, has a slowly varying negative dispersion coefficient (-107.5 ps/nm/km at 1550 nm) over the operating range of wavelengths. Therefore, our proposed HNPCF-RA module acts as a composite amplifier with dispersion compensator functionality in a single component using a single pump. (c) 2005 Optical Society of America.
  • K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY 23 11 3580 - 3590 2005年11月 [査読有り][招待有り]
     
    Recent progress on numerical modeling methods for photonic crystal fibers (PCFs) such as the effective index approach, basis-function expansion approach, and numerical approach is described. An index-guiding PCF with an array of air holes surrounding the silica core region has special characteristics compared with conventional single-mode fibers (SMFs). Using a full modal vector model, the fundamental characteristics of PCFs such as cutoff wavelength, confinement loss, modal birefringence, and chromatic dispersion are numerically investigated.
  • NJ Florous, K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS 17 11 2316 - 2318 2005年11月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Modeling of photonic crystal structures is an ongoing challenge. This letter is devoted to the theoretical modeling of photonic crystal resonant cavities, composed of elliptically shaped dielectric pillars. Through this rigorous study, we can examine the impact of the elliptical-shape deformations to important quantities related to the photonic crystal cavity performance, such as the quality factor and the resonance frequency.
  • NJ Florous, K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS 17 11 2313 - 2315 2005年11月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The present letter theoretically investigates the optical properties, and provides design guidelines for optimum performance of a photonic crystal (PC) waveguide splitter composed of ultralow refractive index metamaterials, by utilizing a rigorous analytical modeling based on the scattering matrix technique. We believe that this type of nanocomposite metallic PC waveguide can bring additional degrees of design flexibility to ultradense optical integration, because of its compact size and relatively low-loss propagation characteristics, mainly for powersplitting applications in the visible frequency spectrum.
  • SK Varshney, K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS 17 10 2062 - 2064 2005年10月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    This letter presents a novel design for dispersion compensating photonic crystal fiber (DCPCF) which shows inherently flattened high Raman gain of 19 dB ( +/- 1.2-dB gain ripple) over 30-nm bandwidth. The proposed design module has been simulated through an efficient full-vectorial finite element method. The designed DCPCF has a high negative dispersion coefficient (-200 to -250 ps/nm/km) over C-band wavelength (1530-1568 nm). The proposed fiber module of 5.2-km length not only compensates the accumulated dispersion in conventional single-mode fiber (SMF-28) but also compensates for the dispersion slope. Hence, the designed DCPCF module acts as the gain-flattened Raman amplifier and dispersion compensator.
  • NJ Florous, K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    OPTICS LETTERS 30 20 2736 - 2738 2005年10月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We numerically demonstrate the operation of a novel class of wavelength-division demultiplexing circuit based on photonic crystal waveguides that are entirely synthesized by ultralow-refractive-index metallic nanopillars. The operational principle of the newly proposed device is based on the phenomenon of total external reflections in ultralow-refractive-index metallic photonic crystal structures (metamaterials). In addition we provide detailed design guidelines for optimum device performance. The low propagation losses and compact size, as well as temperature-insensitive operation over a wide temperature range, are only a few of the advantages of the proposed technology, making this new type of demultiplexer an excellent candidate for applications in the visible spectrum. (c) 2005 Optical Society of America
  • K Saitoh, N Florous, M Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 13 21 8365 - 8371 2005年10月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The present paper describes a novel systematic solution to the problem of controlling the chromatic dispersion and dispersion slope in photonic crystal fibers (PCFs), using a structurally-simple PCF with a defected-core. By adjusting the size of the central air-hole defect we can successfully design an ultra-flattened PCF with low confinement losses, as well as small effective mode area. The design strategy is based on the mutual cancellation between the waveguide and the material dispersions of the PCF, by varying the size of the central defected region in the core. The verification of the ultra-flattened chromatic dispersion property of the proposed PCF is ensured with an accurate full-vector finite element method with anisotropic perfectly matched layers. The ultra-flattened dispersion feature, as well as the low confinement losses and the small effective mode area are the main advantages of the proposed PCF structure, making it suitable as a chromatic dispersion controller, dispersion compensator, or as candidate for nonlinear optical applications. (c) 2005 Optical Society of America.
  • M Skorobogatiy
    OPTICS EXPRESS 13 19 7506 - 7515 2005年09月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Novel class of microstructured optical fiber couplers is introduced that operates by resonant, rather than proximity, energy transfer via transverse lightguides built into a fiber cross-section. Such a design allows unlimited spatial separation between interacting fibers which, in turn, eliminates inter-core crosstalk via proximity coupling. Controllable energy transfer between fiber cores is then achieved by localized and highly directional transmission through a transverse lightguide. Main advantage of this coupling scheme is its inherent scalability as additional fiber cores could be integrated into the existing fiber cross-section simply by placing them far enough from the existing circuitry to avoid proximity crosstalk, and then making the necessary inter-core connections with transverse light "wires" - in a direct analogy with an on chip electronics integration. (c) 2005 Optical Society of America.
  • N Florous, K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 13 19 7365 - 7373 2005年09月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We propose and numerically investigate the operation of a novel class of polarization-independent splitters based on the photonic crystal fiber (PCF) technology. The proposed polarization-independent feature of the PCF splitter is realized by uniformly distributed elliptically-shaped airholes in the cladding of a dual-core PCF. The design procedure follows a rigorous synthesis protocol based on exact equations for describing the wavelength de-coupling mechanism, and on full-vectorial finite element as well as beam propagation methods for optical characterization of PCFs. The compact de-coupling lengths as well as the low cross-talk over appreciable optical bandwidths are the main advantages of the proposed PCF splitter. The proposed device can be employed in reconfigurable optical communication systems for performing wavelength de-multiplexing operation, especially for fiber-to-the-home applications, as well as the emerging passive optical network applications. (c) 2005 Optical Society of America.
  • M Koshiba, K Saitoh
    OPTICS COMMUNICATIONS 253 1-3 95 - 98 2005年09月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    An easy-to-evaluate method is described for the prediction of confinement losses in a photonic crystal fiber with a triangular air-hole lattice, also called a holey fiber (HF). First, a HF with a finite number of holes is replaced by a doubly clad fiber with a depressed-index inner cladding and then, a simple expression for leakage losses in the doubly clad fiber is revived for the evaluation of confinement losses in the HF. Calculated confinement losses agree approximately well with those of numerical simulations. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • K Saitoh, Y Tsuchida, M Koshiba
    OPTICS LETTERS 30 14 1779 - 1781 2005年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We propose and demonstrate a novel type of bending-insensitive single-mode hole-assisted fiber that has a doped core and two layers of holes with two different airhole diameters. The fiber has a 9.3 mu m mode field diameter, a bending loss of 0.011 dB/turn at 1.55 mu m for a bending diameter of 10 mm, and a cutoff wavelength below 1.1 mu m. The fiber can be fusion spliced to a conventional single-mode fiber with low loss. (c) 2005 Optical Society of America.
  • 低曲げ損単一モードホーリーファイバの一設計
    土田幸寛, 齊藤晋聖, 小柴正則
    電子情報通信学会論文誌 J88-C 3 65 - 72 2005年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • 土田幸寛, 斉藤晋聖, 小柴正則
    電子情報通信学会論文誌 C J88-C 7 512 - 518 一般社団法人電子情報通信学会 2005年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    光通信システムに対する大容量化と低コスト化の要求が高まるにつれて, 小さな曲げで敷設や収納が可能な光ファイバを用いた高密度配線や宅内配線が求められている.この要求にこたえるために, 最近, 通常の光ファイバのコア周辺に複数の空孔を設けた構造のホーリーファイバ(HF)が注目されている.HFにおいては, 空孔径を大きくすることにより, 曲げ損を低減することができるが, 大きな空孔径を用いると, マルチモードファイバとなる問題がある.また, 通常の光ファイバと同様に, モードフィールド径(MFD)を小さくすれば, 曲げ損を低減できるが, この場合, 標準的なシングルモードファイバと低損失で接続することが難しくなる.ここでは, ゲルマニウムを添加したコアの周囲に空孔を2層設けたHFを考え, コア径と空孔間隔, 及び各層の空孔直径を適切に設定することで, 許容曲げ半径が6.5mm以下, カットオフ波長が1.25μm以下, MFDが波長1.55μmにおいて約9μmのHFが設計可能であることを報告する.
  • Y Tsuchida, K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 13 12 4770 - 4779 2005年06月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    As the fiber-to-the-home network construction increased, optical fiber cables are demanded to be easier to handle and require less space. Under this situation, a single mode fiber (SMF) permitting small bending radius is strongly requested. In this paper, we propose and demonstrate a novel type of bending-insensitive single-mode holey fiber that has a doped core and two layers of holes with different air-hole diameters. The fiber has a mode field diameter of 9.3 mu m at 1.55 mu m and a cutoff wavelength below 1.1 mu m, and shows a bending loss of 0.011 dB/turn at 1.55 mu m for a bending radius of 5 mm and a low splice loss of 0.08 dB per fusion-splicing to a conventional SMF. (C) 2005 Optical Society of America.
  • Enomori, I, K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    IEICE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRONICS E88C 5 876 - 882 2005年05月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Propagation characteristics of acoustic waves in photonic crystal fibers (PCFs) have been theoretically investigated in details. In order to evaluate acoustic band structures and guided modes for out-of-plane propagation in PCFs, analysis methods based on the finite element method are newly formulated. It is shown through numerical results that complete acoustic band-gaps (ABGs) exist in the cladding region of PCFs and that acoustic guided modes could be localized in the defect region of PCFs by the ABG effect. Furthermore, it is shown that acoustic guided modes could also be localized in the defect region of PCFs by the total internal reflection. These confinement mechanisms of acoustic waves propagating along the fiber length are completely different to those of lightwaves.
  • MS Alam, K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    OPTICS LETTERS 30 8 824 - 826 2005年04月 [査読無し][通常論文]
     
    A numerical investigation of group birefringence is carried out on a recently reported highly hirefringent hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber by use of an efficient vector finite-element method. The hollow fiber core has an area as large as that of approximately four airholes in the cladding region and assumes a rhombic shape with round corners, and the airholes in the cladding region are hexagonal and provide a high airfilling fraction. Numerical results show very high group birefringence of the order of 10(-2) and phase birefringence of the order of 10(-3). (c) 2005 Optical Society of America.
  • K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 13 1 267 - 274 2005年01月 [査読無し][通常論文]
     
    In order to simply design a photonic crystal fiber (PCF), we provide numerically based empirical relations for V parameter and W parameter of PCFs only dependent on the two structural parameters - the air hole diameter and the hole pitch. We demonstrate the accuracy of these expressions by comparing the proposed empirical relations with the results of full-vector finite element method. Through the empirical relations we can easily evaluate the fundamental properties of PCFs without the need for numerical computations. (C) 2005 Optical Society of America.
  • SK Varshney, K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    2005 PACIFIC RIM CONFERENCE ON LASERS AND ELECTRO-OPTICS 343 - 344 2005年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A full-vectorial finite element method is used to investigate Raman amplification performances of ultralow loss photonic crystal fibers. More than 10 dB of net Raman gain can be achieved regardless large scattering losses.
  • Enomori, I, K Saitoh, M Koshiba, T Matsui
    ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATIONS IN JAPAN PART II-ELECTRONICS 88 3 27 - 35 2005年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A computational method based on the finite element method is proposed for the first time to evaluate the band structure and the guided mode of an acoustic wave propagating in a photonic crystal fiber (PCF). By using this method, it is found that an acoustic band gap (ABG) is formed within a PCF and that there exists a propagating guided acoustic mode localized at the defects in the PCF due to the trapping effect of the ABG. (C) 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
  • Tsuchida, V, K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    2005 Conference on Lasers & Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vols 1-3 384 - 386 2005年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We propose a novel type of bending-insensitive single-mode hole-assisted fiber with a mode field diameter of 9.3 mu m and a bending loss of 0.011 dB/turn at 1.55 mu m for bending diameter of 10 trim. (c) 2005 Optical Society of America.
  • M Skorobogatiy, K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    Photonic Crystal Materials and Devices III 5733 206 - 213 2005年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We characterize coupling between two identical collinear hollow core Bra fibers. assuming TE01 launching condition. Using multipole method and finite element method we investigate dependence of the beat length between supermodes of the coupled fibers and supermode radiation losses as a function of the inter-fiber separation, fiber core radius and index of the cladding. We established that coupling is maximal when fibers are touching each other decreasing dramatically during the first tens of nanometers of separation. However, residual coupling with the strength proportional to the fiber radiation loss is very long range decreasing as an inverse square root of the inter-fiber separation. and exhibiting periodic variation with inter-fiber separation. Finally. coupling between the TEO, modes is considered in a view of designing a directional coupler. We find that for fibers with large enough core radii one can identify broad frequency ranges where intermodal coupling strength exceeds super-mode radiation losses by an order of magnitude, thus opening a possibility of building a directional coupler. We attribute such unusually strong inter-mode coupling both to the resonant effects in the inter-mirror cavity as well as a proximity interaction between the leaky modes localized in the mirror.
  • M Skorobogatiy, K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    JOURNAL OF THE OPTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA B-OPTICAL PHYSICS 21 12 2095 - 2101 2004年12月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We characterize coupling between two identical collinear hollow-core Bragg fibers, assuming a TE01 launching condition. Using a multipole method and a finite-element method, we have investigated the dependence of the beat length between supermodes of the coupled fibers and supermode radiation losses as a function of the interfiber separation, the fiber core radius, and the index of the cladding. We established that coupling is maximal when the fibers are touching each other and decreases dramatically during the first hundreds of nanometers of separation. However, residual coupling with the strength proportional to the fiber radiation loss decreased over a long range as an inverse square root of the interfiber separation and exhibited periodic variation with interfiber separation. Finally, we considered coupling between the TE01 modes with a view to designing a directional coupler. We found that for fibers with large enough core radii one can identify broad frequency ranges in which the intermodal coupling strength exceeds supermode radiation losses by 1 order of magnitude, thus opening the possibility of building a directional coupler. We attribute such unusually strong intermode coupling both to the resonant effects in the intermirror cavity and to proximity interaction between the leaky modes localized in the mirror. (C) 2004 Optical Society of America.
  • M Skorobogatiy, K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    OPTICS LETTERS 29 18 2112 - 2114 2004年09月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Coupling between the lowest-loss TE01 modes of two touching hollow-core Bragg fibers is considered with a view to designing a directional coupler. We have found that for fibers with core radii larger than 10 mum one can identify broad frequency ranges in which intermodal coupling strength exceeds supermode radiation losses by an order of magnitude, thus opening the possibility of building a directional coupler. We attribute such unusually strong intermode coupling both to the resonant effects in the intermirror cavity and a proximity interaction between the leaky modes localized in the mirror. (C) 2004 Optical Society of America.
  • K Saitoh, Y Sato, M Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 12 17 3940 - 3946 2004年08月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A novel design of polarization splitter in three-core photonic crystal fibers (PCFs) has been proposed. The three-core PCF consists of two given identical cores with two-fold symmetry separated by a core with high birefringence. The polarization splitter is based on the phenomenon of resonant tunneling. Numerical simulations with a full vectorial beam propagation method demonstrate that it is possible to obtain a 1.9-mm-long splitter with the extinction ratio better than -20 dB and a bandwidth of 37 nm. (C) 2004 Optical Society of America.
  • M Koshiba, K Saitoh
    OPTICS LETTERS 29 15 1739 - 1741 2004年08月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We discuss the applicability of well-established classical optical fiber theories to holey fibers. By appropriately defining the V parameter, we can easily estimate the fundamental properties of holey fibers, such as effective index, group-velocity dispersion, mode field diameter, beam divergence, and splice loss, through simple empirical expressions without the need for heavy numerical computations. We confirm the validity of the V parameter defined here by comparing the calculated results with the earlier experimental and numerical results. (C) 2004 Optical Society of America.
  • K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 12 10 2027 - 2032 2004年05月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We propose a new structure of highly nonlinear dispersion-flattened (HNDF) photonic crystal fiber (PCF) with nonlinear coefficient as large as 30 W-1 km(-1) at 1.55 mum designed by varying the diameters of the air-hole rings along the fiber radius. This innovative HNDF-PCF has a unique effective-index profile that can offer not only a large nonlinear coefficient but also flat dispersion slope and low leakage losses. It is shown through numerical results that the novel microstructured optical fiber with small normal group-velocity dispersion and nearly zero dispersion slope offers the possibility of efficient supercontinuum generation in the telecommunication window using a few ps pulses. (C) 2004 Optical Society of America.
  • 中心空孔付加型分散フラットフォトニック結晶ファイバ
    土田剛広, 齊藤晋聖, 小柴正則
    電子情報通信学会論文誌 J87-C 3 320 - 327 2004年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • フォトニック結晶ファイバに存在する弾性波局在モード
    榎森育美, 齊藤晋聖, 小柴正則, 松井 隆
    電子情報通信学会論文誌 J87-C 3 312 - 319 2004年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • K Saitoh, NA Mortensen, M Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 12 3 394 - 400 2004年02月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We study the dispersion and leakage properties for the recently reported low-loss photonic band-gap fiber by Smith et al. [Nature 424, 657 (2003)]. We find that surface modes have a significant impact on both the dispersion and leakage properties of the fundamental mode. Our dispersion results are in qualitative agreement with the dispersion profile reported recently by Ouzounov et al. [Science 301, 1702 (2003)] though our results suggest that the observed long-wavelength anomalous dispersion is due to an avoided crossing (with surface modes) rather than band-bending caused by the photonic band-gap boundary of the cladding. (C) 2004 Optical Society of America.
  • M Skorobogatiy, K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    APPLICATIONS OF PHOTONIC TECHNOLOGY, CLOSING THE GAP BETWEEN THEORY, DEVELOPMENT, AND APPLICATION, PT 1 AND 2 5577 561 - 567 2004年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We characterize coupling between two identical collinear hollow core Bragg fibers, assuming TE01 launching condition. Using multipole method and finite element method we investigate dependence of the beat length between supermodes of the coupled fibers and supermode radiation losses as a function of the inter-fiber separation, fiber core radius and index of the cladding. We established that coupling is maximal when fibers are touching each other decreasing dramatically during the first tens of nanometers of separation. However residual coupling with the strength proportional to the fiber radiation loss is very Iona range decreasing as an inverse square root of the inter-fiber separation, and exhibiting periodic variation with inter-fiber separation. Finally, coupling between the TE01 modes is considered in a view of designing a directional coupler. We find that for fibers with large enough core radii one can identify broad frequency ranges where intermodal coupling strength exceeds super-mode radiation losses by an order of magnitude, thus opening a possibility of building a directional coupler. We attribute such unusually strong inter-mode coupling both to the resonant effects in the inter-mirror cavity as well as a proximity interaction between the leaky modes localized in the mirror.
  • K Saitoh, Y Sato, M Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 11 24 3188 - 3195 2003年12月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Coupling characteristics of dual-core photonic crystal fiber (PCF) couplers are evaluated by using a vector finite element method and their application to a multiplexer-demultiplexer (MUX-DEMUX) based on PCF is investigated. The PCF couplers for 1.48/1.55-mum, 1.3/1.55-mum, 0.98/1.55-mum, and 0.85/1.55-mum wavelength MUX-DEMUX are designed and the beam propagation analysis of the proposed PCF couplers is performed. It is shown from numerical results that it is possible to realize significantly shorter MUX-DEMUX PCFs, compared to conventional optical fiber couplers. (C) 2003 Optical Society of America.
  • K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    OPTICS EXPRESS 11 23 3100 - 3109 2003年11月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The wavelength dependence and the structural dependence of leakage loss and group velocity dispersion (GVD) in air-core photonic bandgap fibers (PBGFs) are numerically investigated by using a full-vector finite element method. It is shown that at least seventeen rings of arrays of air holes are required in the cladding region to reduce the leakage losses to a level of 0.1 dB/km in 1.55-mum wavelength range even if using large air holes of the diameter to pitch ratio of 0.9 and that the leakage losses in air-core PBGFs decrease drastically with increasing the hole diameter to pitch ratio. Moreover, it is shown that the waveguide GVD and dispersion slope of air-core PBGFs are much larger than those of conventional silica fibers and that the shape of air-core region greatly affects the leakage losses and the dispersion properties. (C) 2003 Optical Society of America.
  • M. Koshiba, K. Saitoh
    Applied Optics 42 31 6267 - 6275 2003年11月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • M Koshiba, K Saitoh
    APPLIED OPTICS 42 31 6267 - 6275 2003年11月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Using a full-vector finite-element method, we calculate birefringence and dispersion in index-guiding photonic crystal fibers, also called holey fibers. Through real-model simulations the polarization-dependent dispersion in actual fiber structures is numerically demonstrated, for the first time to our knowledge. Furthermore the transverse-electric-field vector distributions in the fabricated holey fibers are also clarified for the two linearly polarized fundamental modes. (C) 2003 Optical Society of America.
  • K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS 15 10 1384 - 1386 2003年10月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A new structure of single-polarization single-mode (SPSM) photonic crystal fiber (PCF) is proposed and analyzed by using a full-vector finite element method with anisotropic perfectly matched layers. From the numerical results it is confirmed that the proposed fiber is low-loss SPSM-PCF within the wavelengths ranging from 1.48 to 1.6 mum, where only the slow-axis mode exists and the confinement loss is less than 0.1 dB/km.
  • M Koshiba, K Saitoh
    OPTICS EXPRESS 11 15 1746 - 1756 2003年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A rigorous full-vector finite element method is effectively applied to evaluating the effective area A(eff) and the mode field diameter (MFD) of holey fibers (HFs) with finite cross sections. The effective modal spot size ( a half of MFD), w(eff), is defined with the help of the second moment of the optical intensity distribution. The influence of hole diameter, hole pitch, operating wavelength, and number of rings of air holes on A(eff) and weff is investigated in detail. As a result, it is shown that A(eff) and weff are almost independent of the number of hole rings and that the relation A(eff) = piw(eff)(2), which is frequently utilized in the conventional optical fibers, does not always hold, especially in smaller air-filling fraction and/or longer wavelength regions. In addition, we find that for HFs with large air holes operating at longer wavelengths, the mode profiles of the two linearly polarized fundamental modes are significantly different from each other, even though they are degenerate. Using the values of A(eff) and weff obtained here, the beam divergence and the nonlinear phase shift are calculated and are compared with the earlier experimental results. (C) 2003 Optical Society of America.
  • M Koshiba, K Saitoh
    IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS 15 5 691 - 693 2003年05月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Through the real-model simulations, the polarization-dependent confinement losses in actual holey fibers are, for the first time, numerically demonstrated. Furthermore, it is confirmed that the interstitial holes caused by the packing of the capillaries p lay a role to significantly reduce the confinement losses.
  • K Saitoh, M Koshiba, T Hasegawa, E Sasaoka
    OPTICS EXPRESS 11 8 843 - 852 2003年04月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    In order to control the dispersion and the dispersion slope of index-guiding photonic crystal fibers (PCFs), a new controlling technique of chromatic dispersion in PCF is reported. Moreover, our technique is applied to design PCF with both ultra-low dispersion and ultra-flattened dispersion in a wide wavelength range. A full-vector finite element method with anisotropic perfectly matched layers is used to analyze the dispersion properties and the confinement losses in a PCF with a finite number of air holes. It is shown from numerical results that it is possible to design a four-ring PCF with flattened dispersion of 0 +/- 0.5 ps/(km.nm) from a wavelength of 1.19 mum to 1.69 mum and a five-ring PCF with flattened dispersion of 0 +/- 0.4 ps/(km.nm) from a wavelength 1.23 mum to 1.72 mum. (C) 2003 Optical Society of America.
  • K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS 15 2 236 - 238 2003年02月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The wavelength dependence and the structural dependence of confinement losses in air-guiding photonic bandgap fibers; (PBGFs) are, for the first time, investigated by using a full-vector finite element method. It is confirmed from computed results that one of the main causes of transmission losses in air-guiding PBGFs is the confinement loss and that even if using considerably large air holes of the diameter to pitch ratio of 0.9, at least twenty rings of arrays of air holes are required in the cladding region to reduce the confinement loss to a level of 0.01 dB/km.
  • K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    ICICS-PCM 2003, VOLS 1-3, PROCEEDINGS 171 - 175 2003年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    In conventional photonic crystal fibers (PCFs), the cladding structure is usually formed by air holes with the same diameter arrayed in a regular triangular lattice. However, in index-guiding PCFs, the periodicity in the cladding region is not essential to confine the guiding light into the high-index core region. In this paper, we report that it is possible to control chromatic dispersion of index-guiding PCFs in wide wavelength range by varying the hole diameter of each air-hole ring along the radius. Using this design principle, a PCF with ultra-low and ultra-flattened dispersion is designed through a full-vector finite element method with anisotropic perfectly matched layers. Effective mode areas and leakage loss properties are also investigated.
  • K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS 14 9 1291 - 1293 2002年09月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A highly birefringent air-guiding photonic crystal fiber which provides guidance by a full two-dimensional photonic bandgap (PBG) effect is proposed. The fiber core is formed by introducing a large air hole that has an area of four unit cells of the cladding materials. It is shown from computed results by a full-vector finite element method that the proposed PBG fiber has birefringence of the order of 10(-3).
  • K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics 38 7 927 - 933 2002年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A full-vectorial imaginary-distance beam propagation method based on a finite element scheme is newly formulated and is effectively applied to investigating the problem of leakage due to a finite number of arrays of air holes in photonic-crystal holey fibers (HFs). In order to treat arbitrarily shaped air holes and to avoid spurious solutions, a curvilinear edge/nodal hybrid element is introduced. Furthermore, in order to evaluate propagation characteristics of not only bound modes but leaky modes in HFs, an anisotropic perfectly matched layer is also employed as a boundary condition at computational window edges. It is confirmed from numerical results that the propagation loss increases rapidly with increasing wavelength, especially for HFs with one ring of smaller air holes, and that the propagation loss is drastically reduced by adding one more ring of air holes to the cladding region.
  • M Koshiba, K Saitoh
    IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS 13 12 1313 - 1315 2001年12月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Modal birefringences in photonic crystal fibers with six air holes symmetrically arranged around the core region and with multiple air holes in hexagonal lattice are numerically investigated in detail. It is confirmed from computed results obtained toy a full-vector finite element method that both the hexagonal holey fibers are not birefringent, namely, the two fundamental modes are degenerate.
  • K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY 19 5 786 - 792 2001年05月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The perfectly matched layer boundary condition for arbitrary anisotropic media is incorporated into the approximate scalar beam propagation method, The procedure is based on a finite-element method for three-dimensional anisotropic optical waveguides with off-diagonal elements in a permittivity tenser. In order to treat a wide-angle beam propagation, the Fade approximant operator is employed, To show the validity and usefulness of this approach, numerical results are presented for Gaussian beam propagation in free space and Gaussian beam excitation on a three-dimensional anisotropic optical waveguide.
  • K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY 19 3 405 - 413 2001年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Perfectly matched layer (PML) boundary conditions are incorporated into the full-vectorial beam propagation method (BPM) based on a finite element scheme for the three-dimensional (3-D) anisotropic optical waveguide analysis. In the present approach, edge elements based on linear-tangential and quadratic-normal vector basis functions are used for the transverse held components. To shove the validity and usefulness of this approach, numerical examples are shown for Gaussian beam propagation in proton-exchanged LiNbO3 optical waveguides, Numerical accuracy of the present PML boundary condition is investigated in detail by comparing the results with those of the conventional absorbing boundary condition (ABC).
  • K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MAGNETICS 36 4 1779 - 1783 2000年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A numerical approach based on the finite element method (FEM) and the beam propagation method (BPM) is newly formulated for the design and modeling of static strain optic (SSO) and acoustooptic (AO) devices, and unified software for SSO and AO devices is presented. In this software, the static stress and the surface acoustic wave (SAW) analysis methods are linked to the optical waveguide analysis method. Numerical examples are shown for strain-induced optical waveguides on LiNbO3 substrates and AO tunable filters with weighted coupling using focused SAW.
  • K Saitoh, M Koshiba
    JAPANESE JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS PART 1-REGULAR PAPERS SHORT NOTES & REVIEW PAPERS 39 5B 2999 - 3003 2000年05月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A beam propagation method (BPM) based on the finite element method (FEM) is newly formulated for the analysis of longitudinally varying three-dimensional (3-D) surface acoustic waveguides. In order to avoid nonphysical reflections from computational window edges, a transparent boundary condition (TBC) for acoustic waves is proposed. To show the validity and usefulness of this approach, numerical results for a Rayleigh-wave beam compressor using Delta upsilon/upsilon-type guidance are presented.
  • Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba, Yasuhide Tsuji
    Journal of Lightwave Technology 17 9 1626 - 1633 1999年09月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A stress analysis method considering piezoelectric effects based on the finite-element method (FEM), which can be applied to arbitrarily anisotropic material-based optical waveguide devices, is newly formulated. To produce a two-step analysis of static strain optic (SSO) and electrooptic (EO) modulations of optical waveguide devices, this stress analysis is linked to the guided mode analysis and the beam propagation analysis taking into account the refractive index changes. Numerical examples are shown for strain-induced optical waveguides and strain-induced polarization mode converters on LiNbO 3 substrates.
  • K Saitoh, M Koshiba, Y Tsuji
    JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY 17 2 255 - 259 1999年02月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A numerical approach for the stress analysis of elastically anisotropic material-based optical waveguides is newly formulated with the finite element method (FEM). The stress analysis method developed here is linked to the guided mode analysis method to produce a two-step analysis of acoustooptic modulation of optical waveguides. Numerical examples are shown for strain-induced optical waveguides on LiNbO3 substrates.
  • Kunimasa Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba, Yasuhide Tsuji
    Journal of Lightwave Technology 17 2 249 - 254 1999年02月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A numerical approach based on the finite element method (FEM) and the beam propagation method (BPM) is newly formulated for design and modeling of integrated acoustooptic tunable filters (AOTF's) with weighted coupling on a piezoelectric substrate. First, acoustical field profiles in the substrate region and on the substrate surface are separately calculated with FEM and BPM, respectively. These two-dimensional (2-D) profiles are used for constructing three-dimensional (3-D) strain and electric field profiles. Then, from the strains and electric fields the refrac-tive index changes due to acoustooptic (AO) and electrooptic (EO) effects are derived. Finally, by analyzing modified optical waveguides with AO- and EO-induced changes in refractive indexes using again BPM, optical filter characteristics of AOTF's can be evaluated. Numerical examples are shown for AOTF's with a tapered acoustical directional coupler on a LiNbO3 substrate.
  • K Saitoh, M Koshiba, Y Tsuji
    ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATIONS IN JAPAN PART II-ELECTRONICS 81 5 16 - 23 1998年05月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    In this paper we propose a new stress analysis method that can evaluate the residual thermal stress distribution in an optical waveguide with an elastically arbitrary anisotropy. We analyze the optical waveguide by taking into account the refractive index change obtained from stress analysis. A rigorous evaluation of the propagation characteristics in a strain-induced optical waveguide is now possible. Since the finite-element method is used for both the stress analysis and the optical waveguide analysis, the complex refractive index change obtained from stress analysis can be faithfully reflected in the optical waveguide analysis. Strain-induced optical waveguides with a SiO2/GaAs structure and a SiO2/LiNbO3 structure are chosen. The stress and strain in the waveguide and the change of the refractive index profile are obtained numerically and their effects on the transmission characteristics of the optical wave are studied. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time that an optical waveguide analysis has been carried out from stress analysis taking into account an anisotropy. (C) 1998 Scripta Technica.
  • 弾性的に任意の異方性を有する光導波路の応力解析法とそのひずみ誘起光導波路解析への応用
    齊藤晋聖, 小柴正則, 辻 寧英
    電子情報通信学会論文誌 J81-C-I 1 17 - 23 1998年01月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • K Saitoh, M Koshiba, Y Tsuji
    1998 IEEE ULTRASONICS SYMPOSIUM - PROCEEDINGS, VOLS 1 AND 2 1293 - 1296 1998年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A numerical approach is newly formulated for design and modeling of integrated acoustooptic tunable filters (AOTF's) with weighted coupling. First, acoustical field profiles in the substrate region and an the substrate surface are separately calculated with the finite element method (FEM) and the beam propagation method (BPM), respectively. These two-dimensional (2-D) profiles are used for constructing three-dimensional (3-D) strain and electric field profiles. Then, from the strains and electric fields the refractive index changes are derived. Finally, by analyzing modified optical waveguides with acoustooptic (AO) and electrooptic (EO) induced changes in refractive indices using again BPM, optical filter characteristics of AOTF's can be evaluated.

書籍

  • Optical Fiber Telecommunications Volume V1B, Sixth Edition: Systems and Networks (Optics and Photonics)
    齊藤 晋聖 (担当:分担執筆範囲:Chapter 13: Transmission Systems Using Multicore Fibers)
    Academic Press 2013年05月
  • 光通信技術の飛躍的高度化-光通信の新たな挑戦-
    齊藤 晋聖 (担当:分担執筆範囲:第2 節 光ファイバ技術の現状と今後の展望)
    オプトロニクス社 2012年
  • Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics
    Zoltan Varallyay, Kunimasa Saitoh (担当:分担執筆範囲:Chapter 10: Photonic Crystal Fiber for Dispersion Controll)
    INTEC 2010年

講演・口頭発表等

  • Suppression of Group-Delay Spread in Coupled Two-LP-Mode Four-Core Fiber  [通常講演]
    T. Sato, K. Yoshida, T. Fujisawa, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, K. Nakajima, K. Saitoh
    IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC 2018) 2018年10月 口頭発表(一般)
  • 120 Spatial Channel Few-mode Multi-core Fibre with Relative Core Multiplicity Factor Exceeding 100  [招待講演]
    T. Sakamoto, K. Saitoh, S. Saitoh, Y. Abe, K. Takenaga, A. Urushibara, M. Wada, T. Matsui, K. Aikawa, K. Nakajima
    European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2018) 2018年09月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • 1.2 Pb/s Transmission Over a 160 mm Cladding, 4-Core, 3-Mode Fiber, Using 368 C+L band PDM-256-QAM Channels  [通常講演]
    R. S. Luis, G. Rademacher, B. J. Puttnam, T. A. Eriksson, H. Furukawa, A. Ross-Adams, S. Gross, M. Withford, N. Riesen, Y. Sasaki, K. Saitoh, K. Aikawa, Y. Awaji, N. Wada
    European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2018) 2018年09月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Iterative Unreplicated Parallel Interference Canceler for MDL-tolerant dense SDM (12-core × 3-mode) Transmission over 3000 km  [通常講演]
    K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, D. Lee, Y. Miyamoto, H. Ono, K. Nakajima, Y. Amma, K. Takenaga, K. Saitoh
    European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2018) 2018年09月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Microscopic Gain Analysis of Modulation-Doped GeSn Quantum Well: Epitaxial Design toward High-Temperature Lasing  [通常講演]
    T. Fujisawa, M. Arai, K. Saitoh
    International Conference on Group IV Photonics (GFP) 2018年08月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Few-Mode Multi-Core Fiber Technologies for Repeated Dense SDM Transmission  [招待講演]
    T. Sakamoto, K. Saitoh, S. Saitoh, K. Shibahara, M. Wada, Y. Abe, A. Urushibara, K. Takenaga, T. Mizuno, T. Matsui, K. Aikawa, Y. Miyamoto, K. Nakajima
    IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topicals Meeting Series (SUM) 2018年07月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • PLC-based Mode Controlling Devices for Mode-Division-Multiplexing  [招待講演]
    T. Fujisawa, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, K. Nakajima, K. Saitoh
    OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) 2018年07月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Mode Dependent Loss Reduced Few-Mode Multi-Core Fiber Design for Repeated Dense SDM Transmission  [招待講演]
    T. Sakamoto, K. Saitoh, S. Saitoh, K. Shibahara, M. Wada, Y. Abe, A. Urushibara, K. Takenaga, T. Mizuno, T. Matsui, K. Aikawa, Y. Miyamoto, K. Nakajima
    OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) 2018年07月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • A Broadband Silicon Two-Mode Multiplexer Designed by Wavefront Matching Method  [通常講演]
    Y. Sawada, T. Sato, T. Fujisawa, K. Saitoh
    OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) 2018年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Proposal of Si Four-Wavelength Multiplexer using Higher-Order Mode for 100GbE  [通常講演]
    J. Takano, T. Sato, Y. Sawada, T. Fujisawa, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, K. Nakajima, K. Saitoh
    OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) 2018年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Novel All-Optical Diode based on Single-Port and Four-Port Photonic Crystal Cavities  [通常講演]
    T. Sato, T. Fujisawa, K. Saitoh
    OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) 2018年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Dependence of Cladding Diameter on Inter-Core Crosstalk in Heterogeneous Multi-Core Fibers  [通常講演]
    Y. Amma, K. Takenaga, T. Fujisawa, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, K. Aikawa
    OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) 2018年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • DMD-unmanaged long-haul SDM transmission over 2500-km 12-core × 3-mode MC-FMF and 6300-km 3-mode FMF employing intermodal interference cancelling technique  [通常講演]
    K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, L. Doowhan, Y. Miyamoto, H. Ono, K. Nakajima, S. Saitoh, K. Takenaga, K. Saitoh
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2018) 2018年03月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Beam propagation analysis of optical activity and circular dichroism in helically twisted photonic crystal fiber”, The 22nd Microoptics Conference  [通常講演]
    S. Nakano, T. Fujisawa, T. Sato, K. Saitoh
    The 22nd Microoptics Conference (MOC 2017) 2017年11月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Proposal of compact three-mode exchanger based on symmetric and asymmetric directional couplers with integrated mode rotator  [通常講演]
    T. Fujisawa, E. Taguchi, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, K. Nakajima, K. Saitoh
    The 22nd Microoptics Conference (MOC 2017) 2017年11月 口頭発表(一般)
  • A Mach-Zehnder mode multi/demultiplexer based on Si/Silica hybrid PLC platform for WDM/MDM transmission  [通常講演]
    M. Kudo, S. Ohta, E. Taguchi, T. Fujisawa, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, K. Nakajima, K. Saitoh
    IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC 2017) 2017年10月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Development of fully three-dimensional wavefront matching method and its application to the design of ultrasmall Si mode converters  [通常講演]
    Y. Sawada, S. Makino, T. Fujisawa, K. Saitoh
    IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC 2017) 2017年10月 口頭発表(一般)
  • High spatial density six-mode seven-core fibre for repeated dense SDM transmission  [通常講演]
    T. Sakamoto, K. Saitoh, S. Saitoh, K. Shibahara, M. Wada, Y. Abe, A. Urushibara, K. Takenaga, T. Mizuno, T. Matsui, K. Aikawa, Y. Miyamoto, K. Nakajima
    European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2017) 2017年09月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Group delay spread analysis of few-mode, coupled 3-core fibres: Optimum index profile and maximum transmission distance for strong coupling regime  [通常講演]
    K. Yoshida, T. Fujisawa, T. Sato, K. Saitoh
    European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2017) 2017年09月 ポスター発表
  • Mach-Zehnder mode/wavelength (de)multiplexer for WDM/MDM optical transmission  [通常講演]
    S. Ohta, T. Fujisawa, S. Makino, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, K. Nakajima, K. Saitoh
    European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2017) 2017年09月 口頭発表(一般)
  • High-forward-transmission all-optical diode based on cascaded L3 photonic crystal cavities  [通常講演]
    T. Sato, T. Fujisawa, K. Saitoh
    The 24th Congress of the International Commission for Optics (ICO-24) 2017年09月 口頭発表(一般)
  • A proposal of Mach-Zehnder mode multi/demultiplexer for WDM/MDM optical transmission system  [通常講演]
    S. Ohta, S. Makino, T. Fujisawa, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, K. Nakajima, K. Saitoh
    OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) 2017年07月 ポスター発表
  • A compact and low-loss GeSn electroabsorprtion modulator using vertical multimode interference for mid-infrared Ge-on-Si platform  [通常講演]
    M. Akie, T. Sato, M. Arai, T. Fujisawa, K. Saitoh
    OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) 2017年07月 ポスター発表
  • Coupled W-type four-core fiber with low differential mode group delay for C+L band  [通常講演]
    D. Cheng, J. Tu, X. Zhou, K. Long, K. Saitoh
    OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) 2017年07月 ポスター発表
  • Weakly-coupled and strongly-coupled multicore fibers  [招待講演]
    K. Saitoh, T. Fujisawa, T. Sato
    OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) 2017年07月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Multicore fiber-based 5-mode multiplexer/demultiplexer  [通常講演]
    Y. Sasaki, H. Uemura, S. Nishimoto, K. Takenaga, K. Aikawa, S. Matsuo, T, Fujisawa, K. Saitoh
    OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) 2017年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Design and analysis of weakly- and strongly-coupled multicore fibers  [招待講演]
    K. Saitoh, T. Fujisawa, T. Sato
    OSA Advanced Photonics Congress (APC) 2017年07月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Material analysis of GeSn/SiGeSn quantum wells based on many-body theory  [招待講演]
    T. Fujisawa, K. Saitoh
    IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topicals Meeting Series (SUM) 2017年07月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Highly efficient GeSn electroabsorprtion modulator using higher-order-mode for mid-infrared Ge-on-Si platform  [通常講演]
    T. Sato, M. Akie, M. Arai, T. Fujisawa, K. Saitoh
    Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2017) 2017年05月 口頭発表(一般)
  • 1-Pb/s (32 SDM/46 WDM/768 Gb/s) C-band dense SDM transmission over 205.6-km of single-mode heterogeneous multi-core fiber using 96-Gbaud PDM-16QAM channels  [通常講演]
    T. Kobayashi, M. Nakamura, F. Hamaoka, K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, A. Aano, H. Kawakami, A. Isoda, M. Nagatani, H. Yamazaki, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Amma, Y. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, D. J. Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, Md. Nooruzzaman, T. Morioka
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2017) 2017年03月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Ultimately low-loss and compact Si wire 90° waveguide bend composed of clothoid and normal curves for dense optical interconnect PICs  [通常講演]
    S. Makino, M. Suga, T. Sato, T. Fujisawa, K. Saitoh
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2017) 2017年03月 口頭発表(一般)
  • One chip, PLC three-mode exchanger based on symmetric and asymmetric directional couplers with integrated mode rotator  [通常講演]
    T. Fujisawa, E. Taguchi, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, Y. Yamashita, K. Tsujikawa, K. Nakajima, K. Saitoh
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2017) 2017年03月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Scrambling-type three-mode multiplexer based on cascaded Y-branch waveguide with integrated mode rotator on PLC platform  [通常講演]
    T. Fujisawa, Y. Yamashita, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, S. Makino, K. Tsujikawa, K. Nakajima, K. Saitoh
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2017) 2017年03月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Heterogeneous 32-core fiber with square-lattice layout for high-density transmissions  [通常講演]
    X. Xie, J. Tu, K. Long, K. Saitoh
    Asia Communications and Photonics Conference (ACP 2016) 2016年11月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Ultrasmall silicon mode converters designed by wavefront matching method developed for waveguide discontinuity problem  [通常講演]
    S. Makino, T. Fujisawa, K. Saitoh
    IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC 2016) 2016年10月 口頭発表(一般)
  • A compact and low-loss PLC-based LP11a/LP11b mode rotator with curved trench structure  [通常講演]
    Y. Yamashita, S. Makino, T. Fujisawa, K. Saitoh, N. Hanzawa, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, F. Yamamoto, K. Nakajima
    IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC 2016) 2016年10月 口頭発表(一般)
  • A simple design method of reflection-suppressed photonic crystal cavity with asymmetric waveguides  [通常講演]
    T. Sato, S. Makino, T. Fujisawa, K. Saitoh
    IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC 2016) 2016年10月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Optimum design of 4LP-mode multicore fibers with low differential mode delay for high spatial multiplicity  [通常講演]
    Y. Tobita, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, S. Saitoh, K. Takenaga, K. Aikawa, T. Fujisawa, S. Aozasa, K. Nakajima, K. Saitoh
    IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC 2016) 2016年10月 口頭発表(一般)
  • A crosstalk analysis of heterogeneous 30-core fibre  [通常講演]
    T. Fujisawa, Y. Amma, S. Matsuo, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2016) 2016年09月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Crosstalk-managed heterogeneous single-mode 32-core fibre  [通常講演]
    Y. Sasaki, R. Fukumoto, K. Takenaga, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, T. Morioka, Y. Miyamoto
    European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2016) 2016年09月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Investigation on core selection approach for heterogeneous trench-assisted multi-core fiber  [通常講演]
    J. Tu, K. Long, K. Saitoh
    Specialty Optical Fibers (SOF) 2016年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • High spatial density few-mode multi-core fiber for dense space division multiplexing transmission  [招待講演]
    T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Saitoh, S. Saitoh, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, Y. Tobita, N. Hanzawa, K. Nakajima, F. Yamamoto
    Photonic Networks and Devices 2016年07月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • High core count single-mode multicore fiber for dense space division multiplexing  [招待講演]
    K. Aikawa, Y. Sasaki, Y. Amma, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, T. Morioka, Y. Miyamoto
    IEEE Summer Topicals Meeting Series (SUM) 2016年07月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Multicore multimode fibers with high spatial density  [招待講演]
    K. Saitoh
    IEEE Summer Topicals Meeting Series (SUM) 2016年07月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Excitation of LP 21b and LP02 modes with PLC-based tapered waveguide for mode-division multiplexing  [通常講演]
    Y. Yamashita, Y. Ishizaka, N. Hanzawa, T. Fujisawa, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, F. Yamamoto, K. Nakajima, K. Saitoh
    OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC 2016年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Impulse response analysis of air-hole added coupled six-core fibers  [通常講演]
    Y. Chida, T. Fujisawa, K. Saitoh
    OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC 2016年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • High spatial density few-mode multi-core fiber with low differential mode delay characteristics  [招待講演]
    T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Saitoh, S. Saitoh, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, Y. Tobita, N. Hanzawa, K. Nakajima, F. Yamamoto
    OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC 2016年07月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Single-mode multicore fiber for dense space division multiplexing  [招待講演]
    Y. Sasaki, Y. Amma, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, T. Morioka, Y. Miyamoto
    OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC 2016年07月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • 32-core dense SDM unidirectional transmission of PDM-16QAM signals over 1600 km using crosstalk-managed single-mode heterogeneous multicore transmission line  [通常講演]
    T. Mizuno, K. Shibahara, H. Ono, Y. Abe, Y. Miyamoto, F. Ye, T. Morioka, Y. Sasaki, Y. Amma, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, D. J. Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, M. Yamada
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC) 2016年03月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Low-loss and low-DMD few-mode multi-core fiber with highest core multiplicity factor  [通常講演]
    T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Saitoh, S. Saitoh, K. Takenaga, T. Mizuno, Y. Abe, K. Shibahara, Y. Tobita, S. Matsuo, K. Aikawa, S. Aozasa, K. Nakajima, Y. Miyamoto
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC) 2016年03月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Extremely small group delay spread six-core fiber with air-holes for mode-division-multiplexing: A principal mode analysis  [通常講演]
    T. Fujisawa, R. Tojo, S. Saitoh, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC) 2016年03月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Space-time coding-assisted transmission for mitigation of MDL impact on mode-division multiplexed signals  [通常講演]
    K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, H. Takara, H. Kawakami, D. Lee, Y. Miyamoto, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Yamada
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC) 2016年03月 口頭発表(一般)
  • High-density multicore fibers  [招待講演]
    K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, T. Morioka, Y. Miyamoto
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC) 2016年03月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Broadband LP01/LP11 PLC-based mode multi/demultiplexer designed by wavefront matching method  [通常講演]
    Y. Yamashita, S. Makino, T. Fujisawa, K. Saitoh, N. Hanzawa, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, F. Yamamoto
    Frontiers in Optics/Laser Science Conference (FiO/LS) 2015年10月 口頭発表(一般)
  • A high-performance polarization splitter-rotator designed by wavefront matching method  [通常講演]
    S. Makino, T. Fujisawa, K. Saitoh
    Frontiers in Optics/Laser Science Conference (FiO/LS) 2015年10月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Impulse response analysis of strongly-coupled three-core fibers  [通常講演]
    T. Fujisawa, K. Saitoh
    Frontiers in Optics/Laser Science Conference (FiO/LS) 2015年10月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Comparison of homogeneous and heterogeneous 2LP-mode multicore fibers for high spatial multiplicity  [通常講演]
    Y. Tobita, T. Fujisawa, K. Saitoh, S. Matsuo, K. Takenaga
    Frontiers in Optics/Laser Science Conference (FiO/LS) 2015年10月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Large-mode-area all-solid photonic bandgap fibers for high power fiber lasers  [招待講演]
    L. Dong, F. Kong, G. Gu, T. Hawkins, M. Jones, J. Parsons, M. K.-Dong, K. Saitoh, B. Pulford, I. Dajani
    Frontiers in Optics/Laser Science Conference (FiO/LS) 2015年10月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Mode dependent loss equaliser and impact of MDL on PDM-16QAM few-mode fibre transmission  [通常講演]
    T. Mizuno, H. Takara, K. Shibahara, Y. Miyamoto, M. Oguma, H. Ono, Y. Abe, T. Matsui, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, Y. Kimura
    European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) 2015年09月 ポスター発表
  • Demonstration of PLC-based six-mode multiplexer for mode division multiplexing transmission  [通常講演]
    N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, T. Fujisawa, Y. Ishizaka, F. Yamamoto
    European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) 2015年09月 ポスター発表
  • Measurement of inter-core crosstalk in few-mode multicore fibre  [通常講演]
    S. Saitoh, Y. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, M. Ohashi, K. Saitoh, K. Nakajima, S. Matsuo
    European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) 2015年09月 ポスター発表
  • A principal mode analysis of strongly-coupled 3-core fibres  [通常講演]
    T. Fujisawa, K. Saitoh
    European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) 2015年09月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Quasi-single-mode homogeneous 31-core fibre  [通常講演]
    Y. Sasaki, S. Saitoh, Y. Amma, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, T. Morioka, Y. Miyamoto
    European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) 2015年09月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Few-mode multi-core fibre with highest core multiplicity factor  [通常講演]
    T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Saitoh, S. Saitoh, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, Y. Tobita, N. Hanzawa, K. Nakajima, F. Yamamoto
    European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) 2015年09月 口頭発表(一般)
  • High-spatial-multiplicity multi-core fibres for future dense space-division-multiplexing system  [招待講演]
    S. Matsuo, K. Takenaga, K. Saitoh, K. Nakajima, Y. Miyamoto, T. Morioka
    European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) 2015年09月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • High-count homogeneous multi-core fiber with analytical tool  [通常講演]
    F. Ye, K. Saitoh, T. Morioka
    International Symposium on Ultrafast Photonic Technologies/International Symposium on extremely advanced transmission technology (ISUPT/EXAT 2015) 2015年07月 ポスター発表
  • Mode multi/demultiplexing with parallel waveguide for mode division multiplexing transmission  [招待講演]
    N. Hanzawa, T. Sakamoto, K. Saitoh, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, T. Fujisawa, F. Yamamoto
    International Symposium on Ultrafast Photonic Technologies/International Symposium on extremely advanced transmission technology (ISUPT/EXAT 2015) 2015年07月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Multicore fibers for large space multiplicity  [招待講演]
    K. Saitoh
    International Symposium on Ultrafast Photonic Technologies/International Symposium on extremely advanced transmission technology (ISUPT/EXAT 2015) 2015年07月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Multicore Fibers for SDM Transmission  [招待講演]
    K. Saitoh
    Photonic Global Conference (PGC) 2015年06月 口頭発表(基調)
  • Design method of heterogeneous trench-assisted graded-index few-mode multi-core fiber with low differential mode delay  [通常講演]
    J. Tu, K. Saitoh, Y. Amma, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo
    OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) 2015年06月 口頭発表(一般)
  • A high-performance polarization converter based on modulated silicon taper waveguide for polarization multiplexing designed by wavefront matching method  [通常講演]
    S. Makino, T. Fujisawa, K. Saitoh
    Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe (CLEO/EUROPE) 2015年06月 ポスター発表
  • Microscopic analysis of quantum-confined Stark effect of group IV quantum wells for mid-infrared Si-based electroabsorption modulators  [通常講演]
    T. Fujisawa, K. Saitoh
    Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) 2015年05月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Dense SDM (12-core × 3-mode) transmission over 527 km with 33.2-ns mode-dispersion employing low-complexity parallel MIMO frequency-domain equalization  [通常講演]
    K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, H. Takara, A. Sano, H. Kawakami, D. Lee, Y. Miyamoto, H. Ono, M. Oguma, Y. Abe, T. Kobayashi, T. Matsui, R. Fukumoto, Y. Amma, T. Hosokawa, S. Matsuo, K. Saito, H. Nasu, T. Morioka
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC) 2015年03月 口頭発表(一般)
  • High-density multicore fiber with heterogeneous core arrangement  [通常講演]
    Y. Amma, Y. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, J. Tu, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, T. Morioka, Y. Miyamoto
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC) 2015年03月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Multicore Fiber Technology  [招待講演]
    K. Saitoh
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC) 2015年03月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • High-count multi-core fibers for space-division multiplexing with propagation-direction interleaving  [通常講演]
    F. Ye, K. Saitoh, H. Takara, R. Asif, T. Morioka
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC) 2015年03月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Multicore fiber-based mode multiplexer/demultiplexer  [招待講演]
    Y. Sasaki, H. Uemura, K. Takenaga, T. Uematsu, S. Nishimoto, K. Omichi, R. Goto, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh
    SPIE Photonics West 2015年02月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Large mode area Yb-doped photonic bandgap fiber lasers  [招待講演]
    L. Dong, F. Kong, G. Gu, T. W. Hawkins, J. Parsons, M. Jones, C. D. Dunn, M. T. Kalichevsky-Dong, K. Saitoh, B. Pulford, I. Dajani
    SPIE Photonics West 2015年02月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Polarizing 50?m core Yb-doped photonic bandgap fiber  [通常講演]
    F. Kong, G. Gu, T. W. Hawkins, J. Parsons, M. Jones, C. D. Dunn, M. T. Kalichevsky-Dong, B. Pulford, I. Dajani, K. Saitoh, L. Dong
    SPIE Photonics West 2015年02月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Multicore fiber for space division multiplexing  [招待講演]
    K. Saitoh
    Asia Communications and Photonics Conference (ACP) 2014年11月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • A new and simple method for crosstalk estimation in homogeneous trench-assisted multi-core fibers  [通常講演]
    F. Ye, J. Tu, K. Saitoh, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, T. Morioka
    Asia Communications and Photonics Conference (ACP) 2014年11月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Multicore fibre-based mode multiplexer/demultiplexer for three-mode operation of LP01, LP11a, and LP11b  [通常講演]
    K. Takenaga, H. Uemura, Y. Sasaki, S. Nishimoto, T. Uematsu, K. Omichi, R. Goto, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh
    European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) 2014年09月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Four-mode PLC-based mode multi/demultiplexer with LP11 mode rotator on one chip for MDM transmission  [通常講演]
    N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, T. Uematsu, F. Yamamoto
    European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) 2014年09月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Few-mode multicore fibre with 36 spatial modes (Three modes (LP01, LP11a, LP11b)×12 cores)  [招待講演]
    Y. Sasaki, Y. Amma, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) 2014年09月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Theoretical investigation of inter-core crosstalk properties in homogeneous trench-assisted multi-core fibers  [通常講演]
    F. Ye, T. Morioka, J. Tu, K. Saitoh
    IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting 2014年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Few-mode multicore fiber for highly dense space-division multiplexing  [招待講演]
    Y. Sasaki, Y. Amma, K. Takenaga, N. Guan, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting 2014年07月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Wavelength-dependent crosstalk in trench-assisted multi-core fibers  [通常講演]
    F. Ye, J. Tu, K. Saitoh, H. Takara, T. Morioka
    OptoElectronics and Communications Conference and Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (OECC/ACOFT 2014) 2014年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Fused taper type fan-in/fan-out device for 12 core multi-core fiber  [通常講演]
    H. Uemura, K. Omichi, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    OptoElectronics and Communications Conference and Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (OECC/ACOFT 2014) 2014年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Investigation of nonlinear characteristics in a 1-D slotted photonic crystal coupled resonator optical waveguide with modulated mode-gap  [通常講演]
    T. Sato, S. Makino, Y. Ishizaka, K. Saitoh
    OptoElectronics and Communications Conference and Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (OECC/ACOFT 2014) 2014年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Investigation of nonlinear characteristics in CROW based on horizontally slotted nanobeam cavity  [通常講演]
    S. Makino, Y. Ishizaka, K. Saitoh
    OptoElectronics and Communications Conference and Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (OECC/ACOFT 2014) 2014年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Strong light confinement in a metal-assisted silicon slot waveguide  [通常講演]
    Y. Ishizaka, M. Nagai, K. Saitoh
    OptoElectronics and Communications Conference and Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (OECC/ACOFT 2014) 2014年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • PLC-based three-mode multi/demultiplexer for mode division multiplexing transmission  [招待講演]
    N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, T. Uematsu, M. Koshiba, F. Yamamoto
    European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO 17th) and the MicroOptics Conference (MOC 19th) 2014年06月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Multi-core to 7 single-core-fibers fan-out device with multi-core fiber pigtail connector  [通常講演]
    K. Omichi, H. Uemura, K. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, R. Goto, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, R. Yamauchi
    23rd International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (OFS23) 2014年06月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Yb-doped photonic bandgap fiber lasers with record core diameter  [通常講演]
    G. Gu, F. Kong, T. Hawkings, J. Parsons, M. Jones, C. Dunn, M. T. Kalichevsky-Dong, K. Saitoh, L. Dong
    Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2014) 2014年06月 口頭発表(一般)
  • 12-core×3-mode dense space division multiplexed transmission over 40 km employing multi-carrier signals with parallel MIMO equalization  [通常講演]
    T. Mizuno, T. Kobayashi, H. Takara, A. Sano, H. Kawakami, T. Nakagawa, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, T. Goh, M. Oguma, T. Sakamoto, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, T. Morioka
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2014) 2014年03月 口頭発表(一般)
  • PLC-type LP11 mode rotator with single-trench waveguide for mode-division multiplexing transmission  [通常講演]
    T. Uematsu, N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Ishizaka, K. Masumoto, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, F. Yamamoto
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2014) 2014年03月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Dependence of crosstalk increase due to tight bend on core layout of multi-core fiber  [通常講演]
    T. Hayashi, T. Nakanishi, T. Sasaki, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2014) 2014年03月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Mode multiplexer/demultiplexer based on a partially elongated multi-core fiber  [通常講演]
    H. Uemura, Y. Sasaki, S. Nishimoto, T. Uematsu, K. Takenaga, K. Omichi, R. Goto, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2014) 2014年03月 口頭発表(一般)
  • PLC-based mode multi/demultiplexer for MDM transmission  [招待講演]
    N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, M. Koshiba, F. Yamamoto
    SPIE Photonics West 2014年02月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Structural dependence of nonlinear characteristics in coupled resonator optical waveguides based on slotted nanobeam cavities  [通常講演]
    S. Makino, Y. Ishizaka, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    Frontiers in Optics 2013/Laser Science XXIX (FiO/LS) 2013年10月 口頭発表(一般)
  • 2x344 Tb/s propagation-direction interleaved transmission over 1500-km MCF enhanced by multicarrier full electric-field digital back-propagation  [通常講演]
    T. Kobayashi, H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Mizuno, H. Kawakami, Y. Miyamoto, K. Hiraga, Y. Abe, H. Ono, M. Wada, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Yamada, H. Masuda, T. Morioka
    The 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) 2013年09月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Trench-assisted low-crosstalk few-mode multicore fiber  [通常講演]
    Y. Sasaki, Y. Ammma, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    The 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) 2013年09月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Crosstalk increase in tightly bent multi-core fiber due to power coupling mediated by cladding modes  [通常講演]
    T. Hayashi, T. Taru, T. Sasaki, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    The 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) 2013年09月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Crosstalk suppressed hole-assisted 6-core fiber with cladding diameter of 125 um  [通常講演]
    T. Sakamoto, K. Saitoh, N. Hanzawa, K. Tsujikawa, L. Ma, M. Koshiba, F. Yamamoto
    The 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) 2013年09月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Three-mode PLC-type multi/demultiplexer for mode-division multiplexing transmission  [通常講演]
    N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, K. Tsujikawa, T. Uematsu, M. Koshiba
    The 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) 2013年09月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Surface plasmon nanocavities composed of metallic wall and 1-D photonic crystal  [通常講演]
    Y. Ishizaka, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC) 2013年09月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Large-mode-area fibers enabled by significant differential mode losses  [通常講演]
    L. Dong, F. Kong, T.W. Hawkins, G. Gu, P. Foy, K. Saitoh, K. Wei, B. Samson
    The 3rd Workshop on Speciality Optical Fibers and Their Applications (WSOF 2013) 2013年08月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Metallic wall-based plasmon nanocavities with 1-D photonic crystals  [通常講演]
    Y. Ishizaka, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting 2013年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • A proposal of coupled resonator optical waveguides based on slotted nanobeam cavities  [通常講演]
    S. Makino, Y. Ishizaka, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting 2013年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Multicore fiber with ring structure  [招待講演]
    K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting 2013年07月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Web-structured all-solid PBG fiber  [通常講演]
    R. Goto, S. Matsuo, K. Matsubara, K. Saitoh
    OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) 2013年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Fused taper type fan-in/fan-out device for multicore EDF  [通常講演]
    H. Uemura, K. Takenaga, T. Ori, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) 2013年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Optimized design method for heterogeneous trench-assisted multi-core fiber  [通常講演]
    J. Tu, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo
    OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) 2013年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Propagation length and coupling characteristics of a hybrid plasmonic waveguide with a uniform silica layer  [通常講演]
    M. Nagai, Y. Ishizaka, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) 2013年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Structural dependence of nonlinear characteristics in slot waveguides composed of photonic crystal nanobeam cavities  [通常講演]
    S. Makino, Y. Ishizaka, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) 2013年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • All-solid photonic bandgap fibers for fiber laser applications  [招待講演]
    K. Saitoh, S. Saitoh, M. Kashiwagi, S. Matsuo, L. Dong
    OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) 2013年07月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • All-solid photonic bandgap fiber with record mode area  [通常講演]
    F. Kong, K. Saitoh, D. Mcclane, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, G. Gu, L. Dong
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2014) 2013年03月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Investigation of crosstalk dependencies on bending radius of heterogeneous multicore fiber  [通常講演]
    Y. Sasaki, Y. Amma, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2014) 2013年03月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Low-loss and broadband PLC-type mode (de)multiplexer for mode-division multiplexing transmission  [通常講演]
    T. Uematsu, K. Saitoh, N. Hanzawa, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, M. Koshiba
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2014) 2013年03月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Recent progress on multi-core fiber and few-mode fiber  [招待講演]
    S. Matsuo, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2014) 2013年03月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Multicore fiber with one-ring structur  [招待講演]
    S. Matsuo, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    SPIE Photonics West 2013 2013年02月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Robust single-mode all solid photonic bandgap fibers with core diameter of 50 micron  [通常講演]
    L. Dong, K. Saitoh, F. Kong, T.W. Hawkins, D. McClane, G. Gu
    SPIE Photonics West 2013 2013年02月 ポスター発表
  • Design and fabrication of LMA low-bending loss leakage channel fibers  [通常講演]
    M. Pal, M. Paul, D. Ghosh, S. Bhadra, K. Saitoh
    Photonics Global Conference (PGC 2012) 2012年12月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Advanced optical fibers and their applications in fiber lasers  [招待講演]
    L. Dong, K. Saitoh, F. Kong, T. Hawkins, D. Mcclane, G. Gu
    Photonics Global Conference (PGC 2012) 2012年12月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Propagation characteristics of LN photonic wires  [通常講演]
    E. Saitoh, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    Asia Communications and Photonics Conference (ACP 2012) 2012年11月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Advanced optical fibers and their applications in fiber lasers  [招待講演]
    L. Dong, K. Saitoh, F. Kong, T. Hawkins, G. Gu, Y. Dong
    Frontiers in Optics (FiO 2012) 2012年10月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Large-effective-area uncoupled few-mode multi-core fiber  [通常講演]
    Y. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, N. Guan, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2011) 2012年09月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Investigation of longitudinal power decay of a MCF by using a 50-km weakly-coupled multi-core fibre  [通常講演]
    I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2011) 2012年09月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Practically deployable and effectively single-mode all-solid photonic bandgap fibre with an effective area of 1028 mm2  [通常講演]
    M. Kashiwagi, K. Saitoh, T. Ichige, K. Takenaga, S. Tanigawa, S. Matsuo, M. Fujimaki
    European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2011), Amsterdam 2012年09月 ポスター発表
  • 1.01-Pb/s (12 SDM/222 WDM/456 Gb/s) crosstalk-managed transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency  [通常講演]
    H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Gotoh, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, T. Morioka
    European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2011) 2012年09月 口頭発表(一般)
  • All-solid photonic bandgap fibers for high power lasers  [招待講演]
    L. Dong, K. Saitoh, F. Kong, P. Foy, T. Hawkins, D. Mcclane, G. Gu, Y. Dong
    SPIE Security+Defence 2012年09月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Compact TE/TM-pass polarizer based on lithium niobate on insulator ridge waveguides  [通常講演]
    E. Saitoh, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC 2012) 2012年09月 口頭発表(一般)
  • A proposal of doubly coupled resonator optical waveguides  [通常講演]
    S. Makino, Y. Kawaguchi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    17th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC 2012) 2012年07月 ポスター発表
  • Transmission characteristics of crossing slot-waveguides with finite core-height  [通常講演]
    Y. Ishizaka, Y. Kawaguchi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    17th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC 2012) 2012年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Large-effective-area heterogeneous trench-assisted twelve-core fiber under bending condition  [通常講演]
    J. Tu, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo
    17th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC 2012) 2012年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Enlargement of effective area of effectively single-mode all-solid photonic bandgap fiber with low bending loss  [通常講演]
    T. Ichige, K. Saitoh, M. Kashiwagi, K. Takenaga, S. Tanigawa, S. Matsuo, M. Fujimaki
    17th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC 2012) 2012年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Compact polarization rotator based on surface plasmon porariton with low insertion loss  [通常講演]
    M. Komatsu, K. Saitoh, Masanori Koshiba
    17th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC 2012) 2012年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Recent progress in multi-core fiber design and analysis  [招待講演]
    M. Koshiba, K. Saitoh, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo
    17th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC 2012) 2012年07月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • A large effective area few-mode multi-core fiber  [通常講演]
    K. Takenaga, Y. Sasaki, N. Guan, S. Matsuo, M. Kasahara, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting (SUM 2012) 2012年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Homogeneous and heterogeneous multi-core fibers  [招待講演]
    K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo
    IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting (SUM 2012) 2012年07月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Large-core single-mode solid photonic bandgap fibers  [招待講演]
    L. Dong, K. Saitoh, F. Kong, P. Foy, T. Hawkins, D. Mcclane
    OSA Topical Meetings on Specialty Optical Fibers (SOF 2012) 2012年06月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Design and analysis of heterogeneous trench-assisted multi-core fiber under bending condition  [通常講演]
    J. Tu, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo
    OSA Topical Meetings on Specialty Optical Fibers (SOF 2012) 2012年06月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Design of ultra-small mode-evolution type polarization rotator based on surface plasmon polariton  [通常講演]
    M. Komatsu, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    OSA Topical Meetings on Integrated Photonics Research, Silicon and Nano-Photonics (IPR 2012) 2012年06月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Design of doubly coupled resonator optical waveguides  [通常講演]
    S. Makino, Y. Kawaguchi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    OSA Topical Meetings on Integrated Photonics Research, Silicon and Nano-Photonics (IPR 2012) 2012年06月 ポスター発表
  • Experimental and numerical investigation of effective area of all-solid photonic bandgap fiber for high power delivery  [通常講演]
    M. Kashiwagi, K. Saitoh, K. Takenaga, S. Tanigawa, S. Matsuo, M. Fujimaki
    Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS 2012) 2012年05月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Mode area scaling for high-power fiber lasers with all solid photonic bandgap fibers  [通常講演]
    L. Dong, K. Saitoh, F. Kong, P. Foy, T.W. Hawkins, D. McClane
    SPIE Defense, Security, and Sensing 2012年04月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Mode-division multiplexed transmission with fiber mode couplers  [招待講演]
    N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, S. Tomita, M. Koshiba
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2012) 2012年03月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Asymmetric parallel waveguide with mode conversion for mode and wavelength division multiplexing transmission  [通常講演]
    N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, S. Tomita, M. Koshiba
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2012) 2012年03月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Characterisation of MC fibers: new techniques and challenges  [招待講演]
    K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2012) 2012年03月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Large-effective-area uncoupled 10-core fiber with two-pitch layout  [通常講演]
    Y. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, Y. Arakawa, S. Tanigawa, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2012) 2012年03月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Highly bendable and effectively single-mode all-solid photonic bandgap fiber with large effective area  [通常講演]
    M. Kashiwagi, K. Saitoh, K. Takenaga, S. Tanigawa, S. Matsuo, M. Fujimaki
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2012) 2012年03月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Low-crosstalk multi-core fibers for long-haul transmission  [招待講演]
    K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo
    SPIE Photonics West 2012 2012年01月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Multi-core fiber design and analysis  [招待講演]
    M. Koshiba, K. Saitoh, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo
    European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2011) 2011年09月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • A large effective area multi-core fiber with an optimized cladding thickness  [通常講演]
    K. Takenaga, Y. Arakawa, Y. Sasaki, S. Tanigawa, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2011) 2011年09月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Case study of inter-core crosstalk of 7-core fiber depending on bending diameter  [通常講演]
    Y. Awaji, J. Sakaguchi, N. Wada, K. Saitoh
    IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting (SUM 2011) 2011年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • An architecture proposal of reconfigurable optical logic gates for BPSK signal  [通常講演]
    Y. Ishizaka, Y. Kawaguchi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    16th Optoelectronics and Communication Conference (OECC 2011) 2011年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • A proposal of air-slot one-dimensional coupled resonator optical waveguides  [通常講演]
    Y. Kawaguchi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    16th Optoelectronics and Communication Conference (OECC 2011) 2011年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Length dependence of cutoff wavelength of trench-assisted multi-core fiber  [通常講演]
    Y. Arakawa, K. Takenaga, S. Tanigawa, Y. Sasaki, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    16th Optoelectronics and Communication Conference (OECC 2011) 2011年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • SM-multi-core fiber  [招待講演]
    K. Saitoh
    16th Optoelectronics and Communication Conference (OECC 2011) 2011年07月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Design of one-dimensional photonic crystal coupled resonator optical waveguides embedded n air-slot waveguide  [通常講演]
    Y. Kawaguchi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    OSA Topical Meetings on Integrated Photonics Research, Silicon and Nano-Photonics (IPR 2011) 2011年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Practically deployable and effectively single mode all-solid photonic bandgap fiber with large effective area  [通常講演]
    M. Kashiwagi, K. Saitoh, K. Takenaga, S. Tanigawa, S. Matsuo, M. Fujimaki
    Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS 2011) 2011年05月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Demonstration of mode-division multiplexing transmission over 10 km two-mode fiber with mode coupler  [通常講演]
    N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, S. Tomita, M. Koshiba
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2011) 2011年03月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Reduction of crosstalk by trench-assisted multi-core fiber  [通常講演]
    K. Takenaga, Y. Arakawa, N. Guan, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2011) 2011年03月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Impact of chirp on spectral recoil of solitons in a defect-core photonic crystal fiber with two zero-dispersion wavelengths  [通常講演]
    S. Roy, D. Ghosh, S.K. Bhadra, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, G.P. Agrawal
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2011) 2011年03月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Design of large-mode-area microstructured fibers with low bending loss for fiber laser applications  [招待講演]
    K. Saitoh
    IEEE Photonics Society Winter Topical Meeting (WIN 2011) 2011年01月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Strong infra-red radiation through passive dispersive wave generation and its control  [通常講演]
    S. Roy, D. Ghosh, S.K. Bhadra, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    International Conference on Fiber Optics and Photonics (PHOTONICS 2010) 2010年12月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Limitation of effective area for large-mode area leakage channel fibers under bent condition  [通常講演]
    K. Saitoh, S.K. Varshney, K. Sasaki, L. Rosa, M. Pal, M. Paul, S. Bhadra
    35th Australian Conference on Optical Fiber Technology (ACOFT 2010) 2010年12月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Limitation of effective area for large-mode-area all-solid photonic bandgap fibers  [招待講演]
    K. Saitoh
    The 2nd Workshop on Specialty Optical Fibers and Their Applications (WSOF 2010) 2010年10月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Optimization of large-mode-area tapered-index multi-core fibers with high differential mode bending loss for Ytterbium-doped fiber applications  [通常講演]
    L. Rosa, K. Saitoh
    European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2010) 2010年09月 ポスター発表
  • Design of all-optical XOR and AND logic gates based on multi-mode interference devices  [通常講演]
    Y. Ishizaka, Y. Kawaguchi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    International Conference on Advanced Optoelectronics and Lasers (CAOL 2010) 2010年09月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Higher-order mode suppression in bent largemode-area multi-layer cladding fibers  [通常講演]
    S. Tanigawa, K. Saitoh, K. Ichii, Y. Sugimoto, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, M. Fujimaki
    15th Optoelectronics and Communication Conference (OECC 2010) 2010年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Design and fabrication of F-doped large mode area leakage channel fiber  [通常講演]
    M. Pal, M.C. Paul, T. Mahanty, D. Ghosh, S.K. Bhadra, L. Rosa, K. Saitoh
    15th Optoelectronics and Communication Conference (OECC 2010) 2010年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Multi-core hole-assisted fibers for high core density space division multiplexing  [招待講演]
    K. Saitoh, T. Matsui, T. Sakamoto, M. Koshiba, S. Tomita
    15th Optoelectronics and Communication Conference (OECC 2010) 2010年07月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Realistic squared-rods circular F-doped large-mode-area leakage channel fibers with low bending loss  [通常講演]
    L. Rosa, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, M. Pal, M. Paul, D. Ghosh, T. Mahanty, S. Bhadra, L. Vincetti, S. Selleri
    OSA Topical Meetings on Integrated Photonics Research, Silicon and Nano Photonics (IPR/SNP 2010) 2010年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Highly-nonlinear horizontal slot waveguides with low and flat dispersion  [通常講演]
    M. Komatsu, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    OSA Topical Meetings on Integrated Photonics Research, Silicon and Nano Photonics (IPR/SNP 2010) 2010年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Three-dimensional vector finite element analysis of leakage losses in one-dimensional photonic crystal coupled resonator optical waveguides  [通常講演]
    Y. Kawaguchi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    OSA Topical Meetings on Integrated Photonics Research, Silicon and Nano Photonics (IPR/SNP 2010) 2010年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Design principle for low bending losses in all-solid photonic bandgap fibers  [通常講演]
    T. Murao, K. Saitoh, K. Nagao, M. Koshiba
    Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS 2010) 2010年05月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Simple suppression technique for higher-order mode amplification in bent large mode area triple-cladding fibers  [通常講演]
    K. Saitoh, K. Ichii, K. Takenaga, S. Tanigawa, S. Matsuo, M. Fujimaki, L. Rosa, M. Koshiba
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2010) 2010年03月 ポスター発表
  • Reduction of crosstalk by quasi-homogeneous solid multi-core fiber  [通常講演]
    K. Takenaga, S. Tanigawa, N. Guan, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2010) 2010年03月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Octagonal largemode-area leakage channel fiber with reduced bending loss  [通常講演]
    L. Rosa, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, F. Poli, A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, M. Pal, M. Paul, D. Ghosh, S. Bhadra
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2010) 2010年03月 ポスター発表
  • Experimental verification of higher-order mode suppression in a bent large-mode-area multi-cladding fiber  [通常講演]
    K. Ichii, K. Saitoh, Y. Sugimoto, S. Tanigawa, S. Matsuo, M. Fujimaki
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2010) 2010年03月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Bend-insensitive and effectively single-moded all-solid photonic bandgap fibers with heterostructured cladding  [通常講演]
    T. Murao, K. Saitoh, T. Taru, T. Nagashima, K. Maeda, T. Sasaki, M. Koshiba
    European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2009) 2009年09月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Design and application of all-solid microstructured optical fibers  [招待講演]
    K. Saitoh
    14th Optoelectronics and Communication Conference (OECC 2009) 2009年07月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Effect of rod inaccuracy on genetic-algorithm-designed C-band photonic-crystal waveguide interleavers  [通常講演]
    L. Rosa, K. Saitoh, K. Kakihara, M. Koshiba
    OSA Topical Meeting on Integrated Photonics and Nanophotonics Research and Applications (IPNRA 2009) 2009年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Design of ultra-small polarization splitter based on a resonant coupling between silicon wire and slot waveguide  [通常講演]
    M. Komatsu, K. Saitoh, K. Kakihara, M. Koshiba
    OSA Topical Meeting on Integrated Photonics and Nanophotonics Research and Applications (IPNRA 2009) 2009年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Bend-resistant, single-stage, S-band erbium-doped photonic crystal fiber amplifiers  [通常講演]
    S.K. Varshney, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and International Quantum Electronics Conference (CLEO/IQEC 2009) 2009年05月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers with broadband negative dispersion slope  [通常講演]
    K. Saitoh, Z. Varallyay, K. Kakihara, M. Koshiba, R. Szipocs
    Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and International Quantum Electronics Conference (CLEO/IQEC 2009) 2009年05月 ポスター発表
  • Genetic-algorithm assisted design of C-band photonic-crystal waveguide interleavers using ring resonators  [通常講演]
    L. Rosa, K. Saitoh, K. Kakihara, M. Koshiba
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2009) 2009年03月 ポスター発表
  • Reversed dispersion slope photonic bandgap fibers and femtosecond pulse propagation  [通常講演]
    Z. Varallyay, K. Saitoh, A. Szabo, K. Kakihara, M. Koshiba, R. Szipocs
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2009) 2009年03月 ポスター発表
  • Control of transmission band in all-solid photonic bandgap fibers with novel hybridized bandgap structure  [通常講演]
    K. Saitoh, T. Taru, T. Nagashima, T. Murao, K. Maeda, T. Sasaki, S. Varshney, M. Koshiba
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2009) 2009年03月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Erbium-doped, bend-insensitive, S-band photonic crystal fiber amplifiers  [通常講演]
    S.K. Varshney, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, B.P. Pal
    International Conference on Fiber Optics and Photonics (PHOTONICS 2008) 2008年12月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Amplification characteristics of As2Se3 photonic crystal fibers  [通常講演]
    S.K. Varshney, K. Saitoh, Y. Tsuchida, M. Koshiba, R.K. Sinha
    International Conference on Fiber Optics and Photonics (PHOTONICS 2008) 2008年12月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Microstructured optical fibers: From design to applications  [招待講演]
    K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    International Conference on Fiber Optics and Photonics (PHOTONICS 2008) 2008年12月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Fundamental and high-order mode bending loss in leakage channel fibers  [通常講演]
    F. Poli, L. Vincetti, D. Passaro, A. Cucinotta, S. Selleli, L. Rosa, K. Saitoh, Y. Tsuchida, S.K. Varshney, M. Koshiba
    European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2008) 2008年09月 ポスター発表
  • Design and optimization of devices for C-band photonic-crystal waveguide interleaver with fattened pass-band  [通常講演]
    L. Rosa, K. Saitoh, K. Kakihara, M. Koshiba
    OSA Topical Meetings on Coherent Optical Technologies and Applications/Integrated Photonics and Nanophotonics Research and Applications/Quantum Entanglement and Decoherence: 3rd International Conference on Quantum Information/Slow and Fast Lights (COTA/IP 2008年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Single-mode large-mode-area leakage channel fibers with octagonal symmetry  [通常講演]
    L. Rosa, K. Saitoh, Y. Tsuchida, S.K. Varshney, M. Koshiba, F. Poli, D. Passaro, A. Cucinotta, S. Selleli, L. Vincetti
    OSA Topical Meetings on Coherent Optical Technologies and Applications/Integrated Photonics and Nanophotonics Research and Applications/Quantum Entanglement and Decoherence: 3rd International Conference on Quantum Information/Slow and Fast Lights (COTA/IP 2008年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Design of ultra-small polarization splitter based on silicon wire waveguides  [通常講演]
    M. Komatsu, K. Saitoh, K. Kakihara, M. Koshiba
    OSA Topical Meetings on Coherent Optical Technologies and Applications/Integrated Photonics and Nanophotonics Research and Applications/Quantum Entanglement and Decoherence: 3rd International Conference on Quantum Information/Slow and Fast Lights (COTA/IP 2008年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Design of single-mode leakage channel fibers with large-mode-area and low bending loss  [通常講演]
    Y. Tsuchida, K. Saitoh, S.K. Varshney, L. Rosa, M. Koshiba
    13th Optoelectronics and Communication Conference/33rd Australian Conference on Optical Fiber Technology (OECC/ACOFT 2008) 2008年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Highly efficient transmission between 1-D photonic crystal coupled cavity waveguides and straight waveguides  [通常講演]
    Y. Kawaguchi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    13th Optoelectronics and Communication Conference/33rd Australian Conference on Optical Fiber Technology (OECC/ACOFT 2008) 2008年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Theoretical design of multi-core photonic crystal fiber based 1×4 power splitters  [通常講演]
    S.K. Varshney, K. Saitoh, R.K. Sinha, M. Koshiba
    13th Optoelectronics and Communication Conference/33rd Australian Conference on Optical Fiber Technology (OECC/ACOFT 2008) 2008年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Reduced lateral leakage losses of TM-like modes in silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguides  [通常講演]
    K. Kakihara, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    13th Optoelectronics and Communication Conference/33rd Australian Conference on Optical Fiber Technology (OECC/ACOFT 2008) 2008年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Polygonal large-mode-area leakage channel fibers with reduced mode distortion  [通常講演]
    F. Poli, D. Passaro, A. Cucinotta, S. Selleli, L. Vincetti, L. Rosa, K. Saitoh, Y. Tsuchida, S.K. Varshney, M. Koshiba
    First Mediterranean Photonics Conference 2008年06月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Nonlinear enhancement and dispersion management in bismuth microstructured fibers with a filled slot defect  [通常講演]
    K. Saitoh, K. Kakihara, S.K. Varshney, M. Koshiba
    Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS 2008) 2008年05月 ポスター発表
  • Design of low-loss one-dimensional planar-photonic crystal coupled-cavity waveguides  [通常講演]
    Y. Kawaguchi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2008) 2008年02月 ポスター発表
  • Structural optimization of ultimate low loss air-guiding photonic bandgap fibers  [通常講演]
    T. Murao, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2008) 2008年02月 ポスター発表
  • Evaluation of induced form-birefringence and PMD in dispersion-compensating hole-assisted fibers  [通常講演]
    S.K. Varshney, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2008) 2008年02月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Single-polarization photonic crystal fibers based on resonant coupling phenomenon  [通常講演]
    Y. Tsuchida, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    IEEE LEOS Winter Topicals Conference 2008 2008年01月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Nonreciprocal microdisk resonators utilizing magnetic bubble domains in garnet film for ultra-compact optical waveguide isolators  [通常講演]
    K. Saitoh, N. Kono, K. Kakihara, M. Koshiba
    33rd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2007) 2007年09月 ポスター発表
  • Broadband dispersion compensating hole-assisted fibers  [通常講演]
    K. Saitoh, S.K. Varshney, M. Koshiba
    33rd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2007) 2007年09月 ポスター発表
  • Fluidic sensors based on photonic crystal fiber gratings: An emerging technology for realizing ultra-low thermo-responsive sensing platforms  [通常講演]
    N.J. Florous, K. Saitoh, S.K. Varshney, M. Koshiba
    Integrated Photonics and Nanophotonics Research and Applications and Slow and Fast Light (IPNRA/SL 2007) 2007年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Ultra-sensitive thermo-plasmonic oscillations in topologically-defected nano-cylinders: Merging photons and electrons for miniaturization of fluidic sensors  [通常講演]
    N.J. Florous, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    Integrated Photonics and Nanophotonics Research and Applications and Slow and Fast Light (IPNRA/SL 2007) 2007年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • A simple and practical design approach to realize band-pass photonic crystal fiber filters  [通常講演]
    S.K. Varshney, K. Saitoh, N.J. Florous, M. Koshiba
    12th Optoelectronics and Communications Conference/16th International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication (OECC/IOOC 2007) 2007年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Resonant coupling in photonic crystal fibers  [招待講演]
    K. Saitoh, S.K. Varshney, M. Koshiba
    12th Optoelectronics and Communications Conference/16th International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication (OECC/IOOC 2007) 2007年07月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • 1.3 μm photonic crystal fiber Raman laser  [通常講演]
    S.K. Varshney, K. Sasaki, K. Saitoh, N.J. Florous, M. Koshiba
    Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and the International Quantum Electronics Conference (CLEO/Europe-IQEC 2007) 2007年06月 ポスター発表
  • Inline cryogenic temperature sensors based on photonic crystal fiber Bragg gratings in infiltrated with noble gases for harsh space applications  [通常講演]
    N.J. Florous, K. Saitoh, S.K. Varshney, Y. Tsuchida, T. Murao, M. Koshiba
    Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and the International Quantum Electronics Conference (CLEO/Europe-IQEC 2007) 2007年06月 ポスター発表
  • All-fiber integrated assemblies based on the resonant tunneling effect in multi-core photonic band-gap fibers  [通常講演]
    K. Saitoh, N.J. Florous, S.K. Varshney, M. Koshiba
    Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS 2007) 2007年05月 ポスター発表
  • Radiation dose enhancement in photonic crystal fiber Bragg gratings: Towards photo-ionization monitoring of irradiation sources in harsh nuclear power reactors  [通常講演]
    N.J. Florous, K. Saitoh, T. Murao, M. Koshiba
    Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS 2007) 2007年05月 ポスター発表
  • Hollow nano-magnetic resonators mediated by photo-thermal effects: Towards the realization of highly-tunable mid-infrared negative permeability  [通常講演]
    N.J. Florous, K. Saitoh, K. Maeda, M. Koshiba
    Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS 2007) 2007年05月 ポスター発表
  • Thermo-plasmonic resonances in hybrid metallo-dielectric nano-particles: Towards tunable standalone nano-sensors  [通常講演]
    N.J. Florous, K. Saitoh, T. Murao, M. Koshiba
    Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS 2007) 2007年05月 ポスター発表
  • Tunable photonic crystal fiber couplers infiltrated with highly-thermo-responsive liquid crystal substances  [通常講演]
    K. Saitoh, N.J. Florous, S.K. Varshney, M. Koshiba
    Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS 2007) 2007年05月 ポスター発表
  • Experimental demonstration of Raman gain efficiency and chromatic dispersion of hole-assisted fiber: Influence of bend  [通常講演]
    S.K. Varshney, Y. Tsuchida, K. Sasaki, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS 2007) 2007年05月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Large-mode-area single-mode holey fiber with low bending losses: Towards high power beam delivery systems  [通常講演]
    Y. Tsuchida, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2007) 2007年03月 ポスター発表
  • Inline cryogenic temperature sensor based on the excitation of localized plasmonic oscillations in metallic nanoparticles embedded into photonic crystal fibers  [通常講演]
    N.J. Florous, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2007) 2007年03月 ポスター発表
  • Proposal for miniaturized interleaver with flat-top passbands utilizing coupled-resonator optical waveguide rings in photonic crystals  [通常講演]
    N. Kono, N. Yokoi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2007) 2007年03月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Enhancement of the stimulated Brillouin scattering of higher-order acoustic modes in hole-assisted fibers  [通常講演]
    K. Saitoh, H. Nagano, N.J. Florous, M. Koshiba
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2007) 2007年03月 ポスター発表
  • Single-mode air-guiding photonic bandgap fiber with improved broadband transmission characteristics: The benefits of an anti-resonant core design  [通常講演]
    T. Murao, K. Saitoh, N.J. Florous, M. Koshiba
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2007) 2007年03月 ポスター発表
  • Design of large hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers with suppressed higher-order modes  [通常講演]
    K. Saitoh, N.J. Florous, T. Murao, M. Koshiba
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2007) 2007年03月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Optimizing the gain-profile of a realistic dispersion compensating photonic crystal fiber Raman amplifier by genetic algorithm  [通常講演]
    K. Sasaki, S.K. Varshney, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    Eighth International Conference on Optoelectronics, Fiber Optics and Photonics (PHOTONICS 2006) 2006年12月 口頭発表(一般)
  • A novel photonic crystal fiber design for identical dispersion compensation over S+C+L wavelength bands  [通常講演]
    S.K. Varshney, K. Saitoh, N.J. Florous, M. Koshiba
    Eighth International Conference on Optoelectronics, Fiber Optics and Photonics (PHOTONICS 2006) 2006年12月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Realization of large hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers with suppressed higher-order modes  [通常講演]
    K. Saitoh, N. Florous, T. Murao, M. Koshiba
    IEEE LEOS 19th Annual Meeting (LEOS 2006) 2006年10月 口頭発表(一般)
  • hermo-optical sensitivity analysis of highly-birefringent photonic crystal fibers with elliptically elongated air holes: Towards polarimetric-sensing fiber platforms  [通常講演]
    N.J. Florous, K. Saitoh, S. Varshney, M. Koshiba
    Optical Fiber Sensors Conference (OFS-18) 2006年10月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Non-proximity resonant tunneling in multi-core photonic band gap fibers: A revolutionary technology for all-fiber integrated assemblies  [通常講演]
    K. Saitoh, N.J. Florous, T. Murao, M. Koshiba, M. Skorobogatiy
    32nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2006) 2006年09月 ポスター発表
  • Multi-core photonic band-gap fiber splitters based on highly-selective non-proximity resonant coupling  [通常講演]
    K. Saitoh, N.J. Florous, M. Koshiba, M. Skorobogatiy
    The 11th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC 2006) 2006年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Hetero-structure photonic crystal demultiplexer based on ultra-low refractive index nanowires: Towards temperature-insensitive metamaterial platforms  [通常講演]
    N.J. Florous, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    Photonic Metamaterials: From Random to Periodic Topical Meeting (META 2006) 2006年06月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Light-wave guidance through stratified photonic crystal metamaterials synthesized by super-inductive layers of metallic nano-strips  [通常講演]
    N.J. Florous, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    Photonic Metamaterials: From Random to Periodic Topical Meeting (META 2006) 2006年06月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Transverse lightwave circuits in MOFs: Waveguides and resonator arrays  [通常講演]
    M. Skorobogatiy, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS 2006) 2006年05月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Analysis of a broadband dispersion compensating photonic crystal fiber Raman amplifier  [通常講演]
    S.K. Varshney, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, P.J. Roberts
    Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS 2006) 2006年05月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Design of twin core fluorine-doped photonic crystal fiber directional coupler incorporating elliptical air-holes  [通常講演]
    S.K. Varshney, K. Saitoh, N. Florous, M. Koshiba
    Integrated Photonics Research and Applications/Nanophotonics Topical Meetings (IPRA/NANO 2006) 2006年04月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Optical characteristics of planar photonic crystal structures with elliptically-elongated veins: A generalized Fourier-Mathieu multipole expansion technique  [通常講演]
    N.J. Florous, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    Integrated Photonics Research and Applications/Nanophotonics Topical Meetings (IPRA/NANO 2006) 2006年04月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Realization of polarization-independent splitters based on highly-birefringent dual core photonic crystal fibers  [通常講演]
    K. Saitoh, N. Florous, M. Koshiba
    Integrated Photonics Research and Applications/Nanophotonics Topical Meetings (IPRA/NANO 2006) 2006年04月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Artificial defects as ingredients for synthesizing holey fibers with large mode area and flat chromatic dispersion: An emerging technology for high speed transmission platforms  [通常講演]
    K. Saitoh, N. Florous, M. Koshiba
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2006) 2006年03月 ポスター発表
  • Design of gain-flattened highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber Raman amplifier using a single pump: A leakage loss approach  [通常講演]
    S.K. Varshney, K. Saitoh, T. Fujisawa, M. Koshiba
    Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2006) 2006年03月 ポスター発表
  • Numerical investigation of Raman amplification properties in photonic crystal fibers  [通常講演]
    S.K. Varshney, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    OSA Topical Meetings on Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications (OAA 2005) 2005年08月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Raman amplification properties of ultralow loss photonic crystal fibers  [通常講演]
    S.K. Varshney, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    International Conference on Quantum Electronics 2005 and the Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2005 (IQEC/CLEO-PR 2005) 2005年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Bending-insensitive single-mode hole-assisted fibers with reduced splice loss  [通常講演]
    Y. Tsuchida, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS 2005) 2005年05月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Novel bandpass filter based on a three-core photonic crystal fiber  [通常講演]
    K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    OSA Topical Meetings on Integrated Photonics Research (IPR 2005) 2005年04月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Directional coupling in hollow Bragg Fiber bundles  [通常講演]
    M. Skorobogatiy, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2005) 2005年03月 口頭発表(一般)
  • A design method for bending-insensitive single-mode holey fibers  [通常講演]
    K. Saitoh, Y. Tsuchida, M. Koshiba
    Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2005) 2005年03月 ポスター発表
  • Resonant directional coupling of hollow Bragg fibers  [通常講演]
    M. Skorobogatiy, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    SPIE Photonics West 2005年01月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Highly-nonlinear dispersion-flattened photonic crystal fibers for supercontinuum generation  [通常講演]
    K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    Ninth Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference/Third International Conference on Optical Internet (OECC/COIN 2004) 2004年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Localized acoustic waves propagating in photonic crystal fibers  [通常講演]
    I. Enomori, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    Ninth Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference/Third International Conference on Optical Internet (OECC/COIN 2004) 2004年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Modeling of realistic air-core photonic band-gap fibers  [通常講演]
    K. Saitoh, N.A. Mortensen, M. Koshiba
    OSA Topical Meetings on Integrated Photonics Research (IPR 2004) 2004年06月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Dispersion and leakage properties of air-core photonic bandgap fibers  [通常講演]
    K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    29th European Conference on Optical Communication and 14th International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fibre Communication (ECOC/IOOC 2003) 2003年09月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Finite element design of single-polarization single-mode photonic crystal fibers  [通常講演]
    K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    OSA Topical Meetings on Integrated Photonics Research (IPR 2003) 2003年06月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Unique dispersion properties of photonic crystal fibers  [招待講演]
    K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    2003 Joint Conference of the Fourth International Conference on Information, Communications and Signal Processing and Fourth Pacific-Rim Conference on Multimedia (ICICS-PCM 2003) 2002年12月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Highly birefringent photonic bandgap fibers and its dispersion properties  [通常講演]
    K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP 2002) 2002年11月 ポスター発表
  • Some “unusual” properties of waveguides and resonators related with a new class of photonic crystal structures  [通常講演]
    T. Kawashima, Y. Takagi, Y. Sasaki, K. Saitoh, Y. Ohtera, M. Koshiba, S. Kawakami
    Photonics and Electromagnetic Crystal Structures (PECS-IV) 2002年10月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Photonic bandgap fibers with high birefringence  [通常講演]
    K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    OSA Topical Meetings on Integrated Photonics Research (IPR 2002) 2002年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Photonic bandgap crystal fibers with high birefringence  [通常講演]
    K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    6th International Workshop on Finite Elements for Microwave Engineering 2002年06月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Finite element solution of band structures in sonic crystals  [通常講演]
    M. Koshiba, K. Saitoh
    International Conference on New Piezoelectric Materials and High Performance Acoustic Wave Devices 2002年01月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Full-vectorial finite element beam propagation method with perfectly matched layers for anisotropic optical waveguides  [通常講演]
    K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba
    5th International Workshop on Finite Elements for Microwave Engineering 2000年06月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Unified software for design of acoustooptic devices  [通常講演]
    K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, Y. Tsuji
    12th Conference on the Computation of Electromagnetic Fields (COMPUMAG 1999) 1999年10月 ポスター発表
  • Numerical analysis of integrated acoustooptic tunable filters with weighted coupling  [通常講演]
    K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, Y. Tsuji
    IEEE Ultrasonic Symposium 1998年10月 口頭発表(一般)

その他活動・業績

特許

受賞

  • 2020年10月 NPO法人 モバイル・コミュニケーション・ファンド ドコモ・モバイル・サイエンス賞
     
    受賞者: 齊藤 晋聖
  • 2017年07月 IEEE Photonics Society Distinguished Lecturers Award
     
    受賞者: 齊藤 晋聖
  • 2015年02月 日本学術振興会 日本学術振興会賞
     
    受賞者: 齊藤 晋聖
  • 2011年11月 東北大学電気通信研究所 第1回 RIEC Award
  • 2009年04月 船井情報科学奨励賞
  • 2008年04月 文部科学大臣表彰若手科学賞
  • 2005年11月 エリクソン・ヤング・サイエンティスト・アワード2005
  • 2005年 The Ericsson Young Scientist Award 2005
  • 2004年07月 Best Paper Award in 9th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC2004)
  • 2004年 Best Paper Award in 9th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC2004)
  • 2003年02月 平成15年度丹羽保次郎記念論文賞
  • 2003年 Niwa Yasujiro Memorial Paper Award
  • 2002年03月 平成13年度電子情報通信学会学術奨励賞
  • 2002年 Young Scientist Award from IEICE
  • 2001年03月 平成12年度電気学会優秀論文発表賞
  • 1999年12月 平成11年度電気関係学会北海道支部連合大会若手講演者表彰
  • 1999年05月 平成10年度電子情報通信学会論文賞
  • 1999年 Excellent Paper Award from IEICE

共同研究・競争的資金等の研究課題

  • 光ファイバ通信の限界を打ち破るマルチコアマルチモードフォトニクス
    日本学術振興会:科学研究費補助金 基盤研究(B)
    研究期間 : 2016年04月 -2019年03月 
    代表者 : 齊藤 晋聖
  • 革新的光ファイバの実用化に向けた研究開発(マルチコア光ファイバ技術と標準化指標の確立)
    情報通信研究機構:高度通信・放送研究開発委託研究
    研究期間 : 2013年04月 -2018年03月 
    代表者 : 齊藤 晋聖
  • フォトニックバンドギャップ及びマルチコアによるファイバー高エネルギーパルス光源
    日本学術振興会:科学研究費補助金 基盤研究(A)
    研究期間 : 2013年05月 -2016年03月 
    代表者 : 白川 晃
  • 光通信容量の飛躍的な拡大のための空間分割多重技術の基盤形成
    日本学術振興会:科学研究費補助金 基盤研究(C)
    研究期間 : 2013年04月 -2016年03月 
    代表者 : 齊藤 晋聖
  • 革新的光通信インフラの研究開発(マルチコアファイバ接続技術)
    情報通信研究機構:高度通信・放送研究開発委託研究
    研究期間 : 2011年04月 -2016年03月 
    代表者 : 齊藤 晋聖
  • シングルコア光ファイバの限界を打ち破るマルチコアファイバ技術の基盤形成
    日本学術振興会:科学研究費補助金 基盤研究(B)
    研究期間 : 2010年04月 -2013年03月 
    代表者 : 小柴 正則
  • 高出力ファイバ増幅器ならびにレーザのための希土類添加ダブルクラッド偏波保持フォトニック結晶ファイバの設計と作製
    科学技術振興機構:戦略的国際科学技術協力推進事業
    研究期間 : 2009年04月 -2013年03月 
    代表者 : 齊藤 晋聖
  • ソリッドコアフォトニックバンドギャップファイバの高度利用技術の開発に関する研究
    日本学術振興会:科学研究費補助金 若手研究(B)
    研究期間 : 2010年04月 -2012年03月 
    代表者 : 齊藤 晋聖
  • 誘導ブリルアン散乱特性を考慮したホーリーファイバの性能評価法の確立とその応用
    日本学術振興会:科学研究費補助金 基盤研究(B)
    研究期間 : 2007年04月 -2009年03月 
    代表者 : 小柴 正則
  • フォトニックバンドギャップファイバカップラを利用した新型光ファイバデバイスの開発
    日本学術振興会:科学研究費補助金 若手研究(B)
    研究期間 : 2007年04月 -2009年03月 
    代表者 : 齊藤 晋聖
  • 高非線形フォトニック結晶ファイバ形光デバイス実現のための理論構築と実証実験
    日本学術振興会:科学研究費補助金 基盤研究(B)
    研究期間 : 2005年04月 -2007年03月 
    代表者 : 小柴 正則
  • 超高非線形分散フラットホーリーファイバの最適設計とその高速任意波長変換器への応用
    日本学術振興会:科学研究費補助金 若手研究(B)
    研究期間 : 2005年04月 -2007年03月 
    代表者 : 齊藤 晋聖
  • フォトニック結晶ファイバ解析設計支援環境の構築とファイバ形光デバイス開発への応用
    日本学術振興会:科学研究費補助金 基盤研究(B)
    研究期間 : 2003年04月 -2005年03月 
    代表者 : 小柴 正則
  • フォトニック結晶ファイバの高精度分散制御法の開発とその高速光通信システムへの応用
    日本学術振興会:科学研究費補助金 若手研究(B)
    研究期間 : 2003年04月 -2005年03月 
    代表者 : 齊藤 晋聖
  • 波長分割多重光通信用音響光学デバイス設計支援システムと新構造光波長ルータの開発
    日本学術振興会:特別研究員奨励費
    研究期間 : 1999年04月 -2001年03月 
    代表者 : 齊藤 晋聖
  • Optical fiber communications
    研究期間 : 2001年

教育活動情報

主要な担当授業

  • フォトニックネットワーク特論
    開講年度 : 2021年
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 情報科学研究科
    キーワード : 光ファイバ通信、光伝送方式、光デバイス、フォトニックネットワーク
  • フォトニックネットワーク特論
    開講年度 : 2021年
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 情報科学院
    キーワード : 光ファイバ通信、光伝送方式、光デバイス、フォトニックネットワーク
  • フォトニックネットワーク特論
    開講年度 : 2021年
    課程区分 : 博士後期課程
    開講学部 : 情報科学研究科
    キーワード : 光ファイバ通信、光伝送方式、光デバイス、フォトニックネットワーク
  • フォトニックネットワーク特論
    開講年度 : 2021年
    課程区分 : 博士後期課程
    開講学部 : 情報科学院
    キーワード : 光ファイバ通信、光伝送方式、光デバイス、フォトニックネットワーク
  • 情報エレクトロニクス演習
    開講年度 : 2021年
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 工学部
    キーワード : ブール代数,論理式,情報量,クーロンの法則,アンペアの法則,ファラデーの法則,インピーダンス,共振,過渡現象
  • 電磁気学
    開講年度 : 2021年
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 工学部
    キーワード : クーロンの法則,アンペアの法則,ファラデーの法則,変位電流,マクスウェルの方程式
  • 光・電波サイエンス
    開講年度 : 2021年
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 工学部
    キーワード : 分布定数回路,マクスウェルの方程式,反射と透過,干渉と回折,伝送と結合
  • コンピュータ工学
    開講年度 : 2021年
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 工学部
    キーワード : ノイマン型計算機,アドレス方式,命令語,中央処理装置,演算装置,記憶装置,入出力装置,ネットワーク,並列コンピュータ,次世代計算機システム
  • フォトニックネットワーク基礎
    開講年度 : 2021年
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 工学部
    キーワード : 光ファイバ、半導体レーザ、光増幅器、光受信器、光回路部品、光通信システム

大学運営

委員歴

  • 2018年 - 現在   レーザー学会   「ファイバーレーザー」技術専門委員会委員
  • 2015年05月 - 現在   電子情報通信学会 光ファイバ応用技術専門委員会   顧問
  • 2015年 - 現在   European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC)   Technical Program Committee (TPC)
  • 2011年05月 - 現在   電子情報通信学会   光エレクトロニクス研究専門委員会 専門委員   電子情報通信学会
  • 2010年04月 - 現在   電子情報通信学会   光通信インフラの飛躍的な高度化に関する時限研究専門委員会 専門委員   電子情報通信学会
  • 2019年   Optoelectronics and Communication Conference (OECC 2019)   Technical Program Committee (TPC)
  • 2010年06月 - 2018年04月   電子情報通信学会   光通信インフラの飛躍的な高度化に関する時限研究専門委員会 幹事補佐   電子情報通信学会
  • 2018年   Optoelectronics and Communication Conference (OECC 2018)   Technical Program Committee (TPC)
  • 2018年   European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2018)   Sub Committee Chair (SC 1)
  • 2011年05月 - 2016年04月   電子情報通信学会   エレクトロニクスシミュレーション研究専門委員会 専門委員   電子情報通信学会
  • 2012年 - 2016年   SPIE Photonics West, Next-Generation Optical Communication: Components, Sub-Systems, and Systems II   Technical Program Committee
  • 2016年   Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2016)   Chair of Subcommittee D4
  • 2016年   Optoelectronics and Communication Conference (OECC 2016)   Technical Program Committee (TPC)
  • 2009年05月 - 2015年04月   電子情報通信学会   光ファイバ応用技術研究専門委員会 専門委員   電子情報通信学会
  • 2014年   IEEE Summer Topicals (SUM 2014)   Co-Chair
  • 2014年   Optoelectronics and Communication Conference (OECC 2014)   Technical Program Committee (TPC)
  • 2010年04月 - 2013年03月   The Optical Society of Americal (OSA)   Optical Fiber Communication Conference and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC) Technical Program Committee   The Optical Society of Americal (OSA)
  • 2013年   IEEE Summer Topicals (SUM 2013)   Technical Program Committee
  • 2010年05月 - 2012年05月   電子情報通信学会   代議員会 代議員(互選)   電子情報通信学会
  • 2011年 - 2012年   電子情報通信学会   ネットワーク社会のさらなる発展を支える光通信技術特集 編集委員   電子情報通信学会
  • 2010年10月 - 2012年01月   The Optical Society of America (OSA)   Topical Meetings on Speciality Optical Fibers and Applications (SOF) Technical Program Committee
  • 2012年   International Conference on Optical Internet (COIN 2012)   Workshop Organizers
  • 2009年05月 - 2011年05月   電子情報通信学会北海道支部   庶務幹事
  • 2009年01月 - 2011年01月   The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Sapporo Section   Secretary/Treasure
  • 2009年06月 - 2010年12月   電子情報通信学会   第15回光エレクトロニクス・光通信国際会議(OECC2010) 運営委員会 会場委員会 委員   電子情報通信学会
  • 2009年 - 2010年   The Optical Society of Americal (OSA)   The 2nd Workshop on Specialty Optical Fibers and Their Applications (WSOF 2010) Technical Program Committee   The Optical Society of Americal (OSA)
  • 2008年 - 2009年   The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)   Guest Editor for IEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology Special Issue on Microstructured Fibers   The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
  • 2007年 - 2008年   The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)   International Conference on Photonics in Switching 2008 Technical Program Committee   The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
  • 2007年 - 2008年   The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)   IEEE Winter Topicals 2008 Co-Chair (Photonic Crystal Fibers: Technology and Applications)   The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
  • 2008年   The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)   International Conference on Fiber Optics and Photonics Technical Program Committee   The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
  • 2006年   電子情報通信学会   Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium (PIERS) 2006-Tokyo Session Organizers   電子情報通信学会


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