研究者データベース

杉山 慎(スギヤマ シン)
低温科学研究所 雪氷新領域部門
教授

基本情報

通称等の別名

    SS004911

所属

  • 低温科学研究所 雪氷新領域部門

職名

  • 教授

学位

  • 博士(地球環境科学)(北海道大学)

論文上での記載著者名

  • Shin Sugiyama
  • 杉山 慎

ホームページURL

科研費研究者番号

  • 20421951

J-Global ID

プロフィール

  • パタゴニア、南極、グリーンランドなどを舞台に、氷河氷床に関する物理現象と変動メカニズムの解明に取り組んでいます。GPSや気象測器を用いた氷河上での観測の他、熱水掘削という技術を使って氷河底面での観測を進めています。教育面では、毎年スイスの氷河で大学院実習を実施するなど、次世代の極地研究者を育成する「国際南極大学」プロジェクトに従事しています。

研究キーワード

  • 北極   グリーンランド   パタゴニア   南極   氷床   氷河   雪氷学   Glaciology   

研究分野

  • 環境・農学 / 環境動態解析
  • 自然科学一般 / 大気水圏科学

職歴

  • 2017年04月 - 現在 北海道大学 低温科学研究所 教授
  • 2014年02月 - 2017年03月 北海道大学 低温科学研究所 准教授
  • 2005年10月 - 2014年01月 北海道大学 低温科学研究所 講師
  • 2003年04月 - 2005年09月 スイス連邦工科大学 研究員
  • 1997年09月 - 1999年12月 青年海外協力隊 ザンビア共和国 理数科教師
  • 1993年04月 - 1997年08月 信越化学工業 精密機能材料研究所 研究員

学歴

  • 2000年04月 - 2003年03月   北海道大学大学院   地球環境科学研究科
  • 1991年04月 - 1993年03月   大阪大学大学院   基礎工学研究科   物性物理工学科
  • 1987年04月 - 1991年03月   大阪大学   基礎工学部   物性物理工学科

所属学協会

  • 欧州地球科学会   国際雪氷学会   米国地球物理連合   日本雪氷学会   European Geosciences Union   International Glaciological Society   Japanese Society of Snow and IceInternational Glaciological SocietyAmerican Geophysical Union   

研究活動情報

論文

  • K Matsuno, N Kanna, S Sugiyama, A Yamaguchi, EJ Yang
    Marine Ecology Progress Series 642 55 - 65 2020年05月28日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    To evaluate the effects of meltwater discharge from marine-terminating glaciers on a fjord protist community in northwestern Greenland during summer, we investigated the distribution, abundance and biomass of the protist community and their relationships with hydrographic parameters. In the standing stock of protists, dinoflagellates (46.4%) and oligotrich ciliates (39.5%) were dominant throughout the study region. With respect to vertical distribution, oligotrich ciliates were abundant in the surface layer, mainly due to suitable food conditions (abundance of diatom and nanoflagellates). Near glaciers, relatively high chlorophyll a (chl a) concentrations were found in the subsurface layers associated with the low-temperature, high-turbidity and slightly high nutrient levels, indicating that the nutrient inputs from the upwelling glacial meltwater plume increased primary production. Large-sized Protoperidium spp. were found only at stations near glaciers where nutrients were abundant, and heterotrophic dinoflagellates showed strong relationships with nanoflagellates. These findings suggest that the upwelling associated with subglacial meltwater discharge can stimulate nanoflagellate production, resulting in increases in ciliate and heterotrophic dinoflagellate production.
  • Podolskiy, J., S. Sugiyama
    Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans 125 e2020JC016116  2020年05月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Ohashi, Y., S. Aoki, Y. Matsumura, S. Sugiyama, N. Kanna, D. Sakakibara
    Ocean Science 16 545 - 564 2020年04月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Through the Japanese field research in Greenland: A changing natural environment and its impact on human society
    Sugiyama, S.
    Polar Record 1 - 6 2020年04月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • J. Seguinot, M. Funk, A. Buder, T. Wyder, C. Senn, S. Sugiyama
    Frontiers in Earth Science 8 65  2020年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Nishizawa, B, N. Kanna, Y. Abe, Y. Ohashi, D. Sakakibara, I. Asaji, S. Sugiyama, A. Yamaguchi, Y. Watanuki
    ICES Journal of Marine Science fsz213 2019年12月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Van Dongen, E, G. Jouvet, A. Walter, J. Todd, T. Zwinger, I. Asaji, S. Sugiyama, F. Walter, M. Funk
    Journal of Glaciology 66 255 113 - 123 2019年11月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Sakakibara, D, S. Sugiyama
    Journal of Glaciology 66 255 25 - 34 2019年11月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Tsutaki, Shun, Fujita, Koji, Nuimura, Takayuki, Sakai, Akiko, Sugiyama, Shin, Komori, Jiro, Tshering, Phuntsho
    CRYOSPHERE 13 10 2733 - 2750 2019年10月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Despite the importance of glacial lake development in ice dynamics and glacier thinning, in situ and satellite-based measurements from lake-terminating glaciers are sparse in the Bhutanese Himalaya, where a number of proglacial lakes exist. We acquired in situ and satellite-based observations across lake- and land-terminating debris-covered glaciers in the Lunana region, Bhutanese Himalaya. A repeated differential global positioning system survey reveals that thickness change of the debris-covered ablation area of the lake-terminating Lugge Glacier (-4.67 +/- 0.07 m a(-1)) is more than 3 times more negative than that of the land-terminating Thorthormi Glacier (-1 40 +/- 0.07 m a(-1)) for the 2004-2011 period. The surface flow velocities decrease down-glacier along Thorthormi Glacier, whereas they increase from the upper part of the ablation area to the terminus of Lugge Glacier. Numerical experiments using a two-dimensional ice flow model demonstrate that the rapid thinning of Lugge Glacier is driven by both a negative surface mass balance and dynamically induced ice thinning. However, the thinning of Thorthormi Glacier is minimised by a longitudinally compressive flow regime. Multiple supraglacial ponds on Thorthormi Glacier have been expanding since 2000 and have merged into a single proglacial lake, with the glacier terminus detaching from its terminal moraine in 2011. Numerical experiments suggest that the thinning of Thorthormi Glacier will accelerate with continued proglacial lake development.
  • Minowa, M, E. A. Podolskiy, S. Sugiyama
    Annals of Glaciology 60 79 2019年06月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Minowa, M, E. A. Podolskiy, G. Jouvet, Y. Weidmann, D. Sakakibara, S. Tsutaki, E. Genco, S. Sugiyama
    Earth and Planetary Science Letters 515 283 - 290 2019年06月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Seddik H, Greve R, Sakakibara D, Tsutaki S, Minowa M, Sugiyama S
    Journal of Glaciology 65 250 225 - 238 2019年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Sugiyama, S, M. Minowa, M. Schaefer
    Geophysical Research Letters 46 2602 - 2609 2019年02月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Sugiyama, S., Navarro, F.J., Sawagaki, T., Minowa, M., Segawa, T., Onuma, Y., Otero, J., Vasilenko, E.V.
    Journal of Glaciology 65 252 689 - 699 2019年 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Naito, A, Y. Abe, K. Matsuno, B. Nishizawa, N. Kanna, S. Sugiyama, A. Yamaguchi
    Polar Science 2019年01月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • T. Segawa, R. Matsuzaki, N. Takeuchi, A. Akiyoshi, F. Navarro, S. Sugiyama, T. Yonezawa, H. Mori
    Nature Communications 9 3094  2018年08月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Jouvet, G, Y. Weidmann, M. Kneib, M. Detert, J. Seguinot, D. Sakakibara, S. Sugiyama
    Remote Sensing of Environment 217 389 - 399 2018年08月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Minowa, M, E. A. Podolskiy, S. Sugiyama, D. Sakakibara, P. Skvarca
    Journal of Glaciology 64 245 362 - 376 2018年06月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Kanna, N, S. Sugiyama, Y. Ohashi, D. Sakakibara, Y. Fukamachi, D. Nomura
    Journal of Geophysical Research Biogeosciences 123 1666 - 1682 2018年05月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Matoba, S, M. Niwano, T. Tanikawa, Y. Iizuka, T. Yamasaki, Y. Kurosaki, T. Aoki, A. Hashimoto, M. Hosaka, S. Sugiyama
    Bulletin of Glaciological Research 36 15 - 22 2018年 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Tsutaki, S, S. Sugiyama, D. Sakakibara
    Polar Data Journal 1 1 - 16 2017年10月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Hakime Seddik, Ralf Greve, Thomas Zwinger, Shin Sugiyama
    CRYOSPHERE 11 5 2213 - 2229 2017年09月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A hierarchy of approximations of the force balance for the flow of grounded ice exists, ranging from the most sophisticated full Stokes (FS) formulation to the most simplified shallow ice approximation (SIA). Both are implemented in the ice flow model Elmer/Ice, and we compare them by applying the model to the East Antarctic Shirase drainage basin. First, we apply the control inverse method to infer the distribution of basal friction with FS. We then compare FS and SIA by simulating the flow of the drainage basin under present-day conditions and for three scenarios 100 years into the future defined by the SeaRISE (Sea-level Response to Ice Sheet Evolution) project. FS reproduces the observed flow pattern of the drainage basin well, in particular the zone of fast flow near the grounding line, while SIA generally overpredicts the surface velocities. As for the transient scenarios, the ice volume change (relative to the constant-climate control run) of the surface climate experiment is nearly the same for FS and SIA, while for the basal sliding experiment (halved basal friction), the ice volume change is similar to 30% larger for SIA than for FS. This confirms findings of earlier studies that, in order to model ice sheet areas containing ice streams and outlet glaciers with high resolution and precision, careful consideration must be given to the choice of a suitable force balance.
  • Tsutaki, S, S. Sugiyama, D. Sakakibara, T. Aoki, M. Niwano
    Annals of Glaciology 59 75 181 - 192 2017年05月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Guillaume Jouvet, Yvo Weidmann, Julien Seguinot, Martin Funk, Takahiro Abe, Daiki Sakakibara, Hakime Seddik, Shin Sugiyama
    CRYOSPHERE 11 2 911 - 921 2017年04月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    In this paper, we analyse the calving activity of the Bowdoin Glacier, north-western Greenland, in 2015 by combining satellite images, UAV (unmanned aerial vehicle) photogrammetry and ice flow modelling. In particular, a high-resolution displacement field is inferred from UAV orthoimages taken immediately before and after the initiation of a large fracture, which induced a major calving event. A detailed analysis of the strain rate field allows us to accurately map the path taken by the opening crack. Modelling results reveal (i) that the crack was more than half-thickness deep, filled with water and getting irreversibly deeper when it was captured by the UAV and (ii) that the crack initiated in an area of high horizontal shear caused by a local basal bump immediately behind the current calving front. The asymmetry of the bed at the front explains the systematic calving pattern observed in May and July-August 2015. As a corollary, we infer that the calving front of the Bowdoin Glacier is currently stabilized by this bedrock bump and might enter into an unstable mode and retreat rapidly if the glacier keeps thinning in the coming years. Beyond this outcome, our study demonstrates that the combination of UAV photogrammetry and ice flow modelling is a promising tool to horizontally and vertically track the propagation of fractures responsible for large calving events.
  • Minowa, M, S. Sugiyama, D. Sakakibara, P. Skvarca
    Frontiers in Cryospheric Sciences 5:1 2017年01月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Shin Sugiyama, Masahiro Minowa, Daiki Sakakibara, Pedro Skvarca, Takanobu Sawagaki, Yoshihiko Ohashi, Nozomu Naito, Kazuhisa Chikita
    JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-EARTH SURFACE 121 12 2270 - 2286 2016年12月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Calving glaciers are rapidly retreating in many regions under the influence of ice-water interactions at the glacier front. In contrast to the numerous researches conducted on fjords in front of tidewater glaciers, very few studies have been reported on lakes in which freshwater calving glaciers terminate. To better understand ice-water interactions at the front of freshwater calving glaciers, we measured lakewater temperature, turbidity, and bathymetry near Glaciar Perito Moreno, Upsala, and Viedma, large calving glaciers of the Southern Patagonia Icefield. The thermal structures of these lakes were significantly different from those reported in glacial fjords. There was no indication of upwelling subglacial meltwater; instead, turbid and cold glacial water discharge filled the region near the lake bottom. This was because water density was controlled by suspended sediment concentrations rather than by water temperature. Near-surface wind-driven circulation reaches a depth of similar to 180 m, forming a relatively warm isothermal layer (mean temperature of similar to 5-6 degrees C at Perito Moreno, similar to 3-4 degrees C at Upsala, and similar to 6-7 degrees C at Viedma), which should convey heat energy to the ice-water interface. However, the deeper part of the glacier front is in contact with stratified cold water, implying a limited amount of melting there. In the lake in front of Glaciar Viedma, the region deeper than 120 m was filled entirely with turbid and very cold water at pressure melting temperature. Our results revealed a previously unexplored thermal structure of proglacial lakes in Patagonia, suggesting its importance in the subaqueous melting of freshwater calving glaciers.
  • Horst Machguth, Henrik H. Thomsen, Anker Weidick, Andreas P. Ahlstrom, Jakob Abermann, Morten L. Andersen, Signe B. Andersen, Anders A. Bjork, Jason E. Box, Roger J. Braithwaite, Carl E. Boggild, Michele Citterio, Poul Clement, William Colgan, Robert S. Fausto, Karin Gleie, Stefanie Gubler, Bent Hasholt, Bernhard Hynek, Niels T. Knudsen, Signe H. Larsen, Sebastian H. Mernild, Johannes Oerlemans, Hans Oerter, Ole B. Olesen, C. J. P. Paul Smeets, Konrad Steffen, Manfred Stober, Shin Sugiyama, Dirk van As, Michiel R. van den Broeke, Roderik S. W. van de Wal
    JOURNAL OF GLACIOLOGY 62 235 861 - 887 2016年10月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Glacier surface mass-balance measurements on Greenland started more than a century ago, but no compilation exists of the observations from the ablation area of the ice sheet and local glaciers. Such data could be used in the evaluation of modelled surface mass balance, or to document changes in glacier melt independently from model output. Here, we present a comprehensive database of Greenland glacier surface mass-balance observations from the ablation area of the ice sheet and local glaciers. The database spans the 123 a from 1892 to 2015, contains a total of similar to 3000 measurements from 46 sites, and is openly accessible through the PROMICE web portal (http://www.promice.dk). For each measurement we provide X, Y and Z coordinates, starting and ending dates as well as quality flags. We give sources for each entry and for all metadata. Two thirds of the data were collected from grey literature and unpublished archive documents. Roughly 60% of the measurements were performed by the Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS, previously GGU). The data cover all regions of Greenland except for the southernmost part of the east coast, but also emphasize the importance of long-term time series of which there are only two exceeding 20 a. We use the data to analyse uncertainties in point measurements of surface mass balance, as well as to estimate surface mass-balance profiles for most regions of Greenland.
  • Yoshihiko Ohashi, Takahiro Iida, Shin Sugiyama, Shigeru Aoki
    POLAR SCIENCE 10 3 270 - 277 2016年09月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Glacial meltwater discharge from the Greenland ice sheet and ice caps forms high turbidity water in the proglacial ocean off the Greenland coast. Although the timing and magnitude of high turbidity water export affect the coastal marine environment, for example, through impacts on biological productivity, little is known about the characteristics of this high turbidity water. In this paper, we therefore report on the spatial and temporal variations in high turbidity water off the Thule region in northwestern Greenland, based on remote sensing, reflectance data at a wavelength of 555 nm (Rrs555). The high turbidity area, identified on the basis of high reflectivity (Rrs555 >= 0.0070 sr(-1)), was generally distributed near the coast, where many outlet glaciers terminate in the ocean and on land. The extent of the high turbidity area exhibited substantial seasonal and interannual variability, and its annual maximum extent was significantly correlated with summer air temperature. Assuming a linear relationship between the high turbidity area and summer temperature, annual maximum extent increases under the influence of increasing glacial meltwater discharge, as can be inferred from present and predicted future warming trends. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. and NIPR. All rights reserved.
  • Jun Saito, Shin Sugiyama, Shun Tsutaki, Takanobu Sawagaki
    POLAR SCIENCE 10 3 239 - 248 2016年09月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    A large number of glaciers and ice caps (GICs) are distributed along the Greenland coast, physically separated from the ice sheet. The total area of these GICs accounts for 5% of Greenland's ice cover. Melt water input from the GICs to the ocean substantially contributed to sea-level rise over the last century. Here, we report surface elevation changes of six ice caps near Qaanaaq (77 degrees 28'N, 69 degrees 13'W) in northwestern Greenland based on photogrammetric analysis of stereo pair satellite images. We processed the images with a digital map plotting instrument to generate digital elevation models (DEMs) in 2006 and 2010 with a grid resolution of 500 m. Generated DEMs were compared to measure surface elevation changes between 2006 and 2010. Over the study area of the six ice caps, covering 1215 km(2), the mean rate of elevation change was -1.1 +/- 0.1 m a(-1). This rate is significantly greater than that previously reported for the 2003-2008 period (-0.6 +/- 0.1 m a(-1)) for GICs all of northwestern Greenland. This increased mass loss is consistent with the rise in summer temperatures in this region at a rate of 0.12 degrees C a(-1) for the 1997-2013 period. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. and NIPR. All rights reserved.
  • Evgeny A. Podolskiy, Shin Sugiyama, Martin Funk, Fabian Walter, Riccardo Genco, Shun Tsutaki, Masahiro Minowa, Maurizio Ripepe
    GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS 43 5 2036 - 2044 2016年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Glacier microseismicity is a promising tool to study glacier dynamics. However, physical processes connecting seismic signals and ice dynamics are not clearly understood at present. Particularly, the relationship between tide-modulated seismicity and dynamics of calving glaciers remains elusive. Here we analyze records from an on-ice seismometer placed 250m from the calving front of Bowdoin Glacier, Greenland. Using high-frequency glacier flow speed measurements, we show that the microseismic activity is related to strain rate variations. The seismic activity correlates with longitudinal stretching measured at the glacier surface. Both higher melt rates and falling tides accelerate glacier motion and increase longitudinal stretching. Long-term microseismic monitoring could therefore provide insights on how a calving glacier's force balance and flow regime react to changes at the ice-ocean interface.
  • Shun Tsutaki, Shin Sugiyama, Daiki Sakakibara, Takanobu Sawagaki
    JOURNAL OF GLACIOLOGY 62 236 1083 - 1092 2016年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    To quantify recent thinning of marine-terminating outlet glaciers in northwestern Greenland, we carried out field and satellite observations near the terminus of Bowdoin Glacier. These data were used to compute the change in surface elevation from 2007 to 2013 and this rate of thinning was then compared with that of the adjacent land-terminating Tugto Glacier. Comparing DEMs of 2007 and 2010 shows that Bowdoin Glacier is thinning more rapidly (4.1 +/- 0.3 m a(-1)) than Tugto Glacier (2.8 +/- 0.3 m a(-1)). The observed negative surface mass-balance accounts for <40% of the elevation change of Bowdoin Glacier, meaning that the thinning of Bowdoin Glacier cannot be attributable to surface melting alone. The ice speed of Bowdoin Glacier increases down-glacier, reaching 457 m a(-1) near the calving front. This flow regime causes longitudinal stretching and vertical compression at a rate of -0.04 a(-1). It is likely that this dynamically-controlled thinning has been enhanced by the acceleration of the glacier since 2000. Our measurements indicate that ice dynamics indeed play a predominant role in the rapid thinning of Bowdoin Glacier.
  • Ingvander, S, P. Jansson, I. A. Brown, S. Fujita, S. Sugyama, S. Surdyk, H. Enomoto, M. Hansson, P. Holmlund
    Antarctic Science 28 2 636 - 645 2016年01月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • 箕輪 昌紘, 杉山 慎, 榊原 大貴, ペドロ スクヴァルカ, 大橋 良彦, 澤柿 教伸, 内藤 望
    雪氷研究大会講演要旨集 2015 0 4 - 4 公益社団法人 日本雪氷学会/日本雪工学会 2015年 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • 杉山 慎, ナヴァロ フランシスコ, 澤柿 教伸, 瀬川 高弘, 大沼 友貴彦, ヴァシレンコ エヴゲニ
    雪氷研究大会講演要旨集 2015 0 5 - 5 公益社団法人 日本雪氷学会/日本雪工学会 2015年 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • 片山 直紀, 津滝 俊, 榊原 大貴, 杉山 慎, 澤柿 教伸
    雪氷研究大会講演要旨集 2015 0 75 - 75 公益社団法人 日本雪氷学会/日本雪工学会 2015年 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Matoba, S., Motoyama, H., Fujita, K., Yamasaki, T., Minowa, M., Onuma, Y., Komuro, Y., Aoki, T., Yamaguchi, S., Sugiyama, S., Enomoto, H.
    Bulletin of Glaciological Research 33 7 - 14 2015年 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Shin Sugiyama, Daiki Sakakibara, Shun Tsutaki, Mihiro Maruyama, Takanobu Sawagaki
    JOURNAL OF GLACIOLOGY 61 226 223 - 232 2015年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    To better understand recent rapid recession of marine-terminating glaciers in Greenland, we performed satellite and field observations near the calving front of Bowdoin Glacier, a 3 km wide outlet glacier in northwestern Greenland. Satellite data revealed a clear transition to a rapidly retreating phase in 2008 from a relatively stable glacier condition that lasted for >20 years. Ice radar measurements showed that the glacier front is grounded, but very close to the floating condition. These results, in combination with the results of ocean depth soundings, suggest bed geometry in front of the glacier is the primary control on the rate and pattern of recent rapid retreat. Presumably, glacier thinning due to atmospheric and/or ocean warming triggered the initial retreat. In situ measurements showed complex short-term ice speed variations, which were correlated with air temperature, precipitation and ocean tides. Ice speed quickly responded to temperature rise and a heavy rain event, indicating rapid drainage of surface water to the bed. Semi-diurnal speed peaks coincided with low tides, suggesting the major role of the hydrostatic pressure acting on the calving face in the force balance. These observations demonstrate that the dynamics of Bowdoin Glacier are sensitive to small perturbations occurring near the calving front.
  • Masahiro Minowa, Shin Sugiyama, Daiki Sakakibara, Takanobu Sawagaki
    ANNALS OF GLACIOLOGY 56 70 26 - 32 2015年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Glaciar Perito Moreno (GPM) and Glaciar Ameghino (GA), Southern Patagonia Icefield, are in contact in the accumulation area, but have shown contrasting frontal variations in the past few decades. To investigate recent changes of the two glaciers and processes controlling the different responses to similar climate conditions, we measured surface elevation change from 2000 to 2008 and terminus positions from 1999 to 2012 using several types of satellite data. GPM shows no significant changes in terminus position and 0.4 +/- 0.3 m a(-1) thickening over the period, whereas GA retreated 55 +/- 2 m a(-1) and thinned 2.6 +/- 0.3 m a(-1). Mass-balance measurements over the period 1999/2000 show that accumulation at GPM was ten times greater than that at GA, but ablation was only three times greater. The mass-balance-altitude profile is similar for the two glaciers; differences in the mass-balance distribution are caused by differences in the accumulation-area ratio (AAR). Our results suggest that the AAR and the calving flux exert strong control on the evolution of glaciers in the region.
  • Takehiro Fukuda, Shin Sugiyama, Takanobu Sawagaki, Kazuki Nakamura
    ANTARCTIC SCIENCE 26 6 636 - 645 2014年12月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    To improve the understanding of the mechanism driving recent changes in outlet glaciers in East Antarctica, we measured changes in the terminus position, ice flow velocity and surface elevation of the Langhovde Glacier located on the Soya Coast. From satellite images from 2000-12 and field measurements taken in 2012 the glacier terminus position and flow velocity showed little change between 2003 and 2007. After this quiescent period, the glacier progressively advanced by 380m and the flow velocity increased near the calving front by 10m a(-1) from 2007-10. No significant change was observed in surface elevation during the study period. The changes in the terminus position and flow velocity imply a reduction in the calving rate from 93m a(-1) (2003-07) to 16m a(-1) (2007-10). This suggests that calving was inhibited by stable sea ice conditions in the ocean. Theses results indicate that the Langhovde Glacier was in a relatively stable condition during the study period, and its terminus position was controlled by the rate of calving under the influence of sea ice conditions.
  • Daiki Sakakibara, Shin Sugiyama
    JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-EARTH SURFACE 119 11 2541 - 2554 2014年11月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Patagonian icefields are losing volume, and their loss is due partly to rapid changes in their outlet glaciers that terminate in lakes or the ocean. Despite this key influence from outlet glaciers, relatively few of these calving glaciers have had high-frequency measurements on their frontal variations and ice speed changes. We describe here recent frontal variations and ice speed changes of all 28 major calving glaciers in the Southern Patagonia Icefield (SPI), including ice speed maps covering approximately half of the entire icefield. The analysis is based on satellite data from 1984 to 2011. Over this period, only the two termini of Glaciar Pio XI advanced. Of the remaining glacial fronts, 12 changed less than 0.5km, but 17 retreated at least 0.5km. In the latter group, three glacial fronts (Glaciar Jorge Montt, HPS12, and Upsala) retreated over 6km. Averaged over all 31 glacial fronts of the calving glaciers, the front positions retreated 1.56km (median is 0.71km). Along the flowline within 20km of the front, the ice speeds up to 5900200ma(-1). Except for regions showing large acceleration or deceleration, the mean speed over the measured area decreased by 30ma(-1) from 1984 to 2011. The three most rapidly retreating glaciers showed much larger acceleration near the calving front, suggesting that ice dynamics drive their rapid retreat. Thus, we see retreat as a long-term trend for the calving glaciers in the SPI, with behavior that implies a dynamically controlled rapid recession that may explain the recently reported volume change of the SPI.
  • Shin Sugiyama, Takanobu Sawagaki, Takehiro Fukuda, Shigeru Aoki
    EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE LETTERS 399 52 - 60 2014年08月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The grounding line (GL) of the Antarctic ice sheet forms the boundary between grounded and floating ice along the coast. Near this line, warm oceanic water contacts the ice shelf, producing the ice sheet's highest basal-melt rate. Despite the importance of this region, water properties and circulations near the GL are largely unexplored because in-situ observations are difficult. Here we present direct evidence of warm ocean-water transport to the innermost part of the subshelf cavity (several hundred meters seaward from the GL) of Langhovde Glacier, an outlet glacier in East Antarctica. Our measurements come from boreholes drilled through the glacier's similar to 400-m-thick grounding zone. Beneath the grounding zone, we find a 10-24-m-deep water layer of uniform temperature and salinity (-1.45 degrees C; 34.25 PSU), values that roughly equal those measured in the ocean in front of the glacier. Moreover, living organisms are found in the thin subglacial water layer. These findings indicate active transport of water and nutrients from the adjacent ocean, meaning that the subshelf environment interacts directly and rapidly with the ocean. (C) 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.
  • Shin Sugiyama, Daiki Sakakibara, Satoshi Matsuno, Satoru Yamaguchi, Sumito Matoba, Teruo Aoki
    ANNALS OF GLACIOLOGY 55 66 25 - 33 2014年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    To study the glaciological processes controlling the mass budget of Greenland's peripheral glaciers and ice caps, field measurements were carried out on Qaanaaq ice cap, a 20 km long ice cap in northwestern Greenland. In the summer of 2012, we measured surface melt rate, ice flow velocity and ice thickness along a survey route spanning the ice margin (200 m a.s.l.) to the ice-cap summit (1110 m a.s.l.). Melt rates in the ablation area were clearly influenced by dark materials covering the ice surface, where degree-day factors varied from 5.44 mm w.e. K-1 d(-1) on a clean surface to 8.26 mm w.e. K-1 d(-1) in the dark regions. Ice velocity showed diurnal variations, indicating the presence of surface-meltwater induced basal sliding. Mean ice thickness along the survey route was 120 m, with a maximum thickness of 165m. Ice velocity and temperature fields were computed using a thermomechanically coupled numerical glacier model. Modelled ice temperature, obtained by imposing estimated annual mean air temperature as the surface boundary condition, was substantially lower than implied by the observed ice velocity. This result suggests that the ice dynamics and thermodynamics of the ice cap are significantly influenced by heat transfer from meltwater and changing ice geometry.
  • K. Hara, F. Nakazawa, S. Fujita, K. Fukui, H. Enomoto, S. Sugiyama
    ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS 14 18 10211 - 10230 2014年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Measurements of aerosol number concentrations and direct aerosol sampling were conducted on continental Antarctica during the traverse of the Japanese-Swedish joint Antarctic expedition (JASE) from 14 November 2007 until 24 January 2008. Aerosol concentrations in background conditions decreased gradually with latitude in inland regions during the traverse. The lowest aerosol number concentrations were 160 L-1 in D-p > 0.3 mu m, and 0.5 L-1 in Dp > 2 mu m. In contrast, aerosol concentrations reached 3278 L-1 in Dp > 0.3 mu m, and 215 L-1 in Dp > 2 mu m under strong wind conditions. The estimated aerosol mass concentrations were 0.04-5.7 mu gm(-3). Single particle analysis of aerosol particles collected during the JASE traverse was conducted using a scanning electron microscope equipped with an energy dispersive x ray spectrometer. Major aerosol constituents were sulfates in fine mode, and sulfate, sea salts, modified sea salts, and fractionated sea salts in coarse mode. K-rich sulfates, Mg-rich sulfate, Ca-rich sulfates, and minerals were identified as minor aerosol constituents. Horizontal features of Cl/Na ratios imply that sea-salt modification (i.e. Cl loss) occurred on the Antarctic continent during the summer. Most sea-salt particles in the continental region near the coast were modified with acidic sulfur species such as H2SO4 and CH3SO3H. By contrast, acidic species other than the acidic sulfur species (likely HNO3) contributed markedly to sea-salt modification in inland areas during the traverse. Mg-rich sea-salt particles and Mg-free sea-salt particles were present in coarse and fine modes from the coast to inland areas. These sea-salt particles might be associated with sea-salt fractionation on the snow surface of continental Antarctica.
  • Nishimura, D, S. Sugiyama, A. Bauder, M. Funk
    Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 45 4 552 - 562 2013年11月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Shin Sugiyama, Kotaro Fukui, Koji Fujita, Kenta Tone, Satoru Yamaguchi
    ANNALS OF GLACIOLOGY 54 64 157 - 162 2013年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    To investigate recent glacier changes in the Himalayan region, we carried out GPS and ground-penetrating radar (GPR) measurements at Yala Glacier, a benchmark glacier in Nepal. Glacier surface elevation and ice thickness were surveyed along a 1.5 km profile from the glacier top to the terminus. Ice flow velocity was measured at five locations by surveying stakes for either 1 year or 4 day periods. Obtained surface elevation and ice velocity were compared with those measured in 1982 and 1996. The mean ice thickness along the radar profile was 36 m in 2009 and the ice has been thinning at rates of -0.69 +/- 0.25 and -0.75 +/- 0.24 m a(-1) during the periods 1982-96 and 1996-2009, respectively. The thinning rate increases down-glacier, reaching a magnitude up to -1.8 m a(-1) near the terminus from 1996 to 2009. The ice velocity has reduced by >70% from 1982 to 2009 in the lower half of the glacier. By assuming a constant driving stress over the glacier, the total ice volume in 2009 was estimated as 0.061 km(3). Our results indicate that Yala Glacier has lost similar to 40% of its ice volume over the last 27 years and that the rate of the mass loss has accelerated over the last decade.
  • Tsutaki, S, S. Sugiyama, D. Nishimura and M
    Journal of Glaciology 59 215 559 - 570 2013年 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Daiki Sakakibara, Shin Sugiyama, Takanobu Sawagaki, Sebastian Marinsek, Pedro Skvarca
    ANNALS OF GLACIOLOGY 54 63 131 - 138 2013年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The Patagonia lcefields are characterized by a large number of outlet glaciers calving into lakes and the ocean. In contrast to the recent intensive research activities on tidewater glaciers in other regions, very few observations have been made on calving glaciers in Patagonia. We analysed satellite images of Glaciar Upsala, the third largest freshwater calving glacier in the Southern Patagonia Icefield, to investigate changes in its front position, ice velocity and surface elevation from 2000 to 2011. Our analyses revealed a clear transition from a relatively stable phase to a rapidly retreating and fast-flowing condition in 2008. The glacier front receded by 2.9 km, and the ice velocity increased by 20-50%, over the 2008-11 period. We also found that the ice surface lowered at a rate of up to 39 m a(-1) from 2006 to 2010. This magnitude and the rate of changes in the glacier front position, ice velocity and surface elevation are greater than previously reported for Glaciar Upsala, and comparable to recent observations of large tidewater glaciers in Greenland. Our data illustrate details of a rapidly retreating calving glacier in Patagonia that have been scarcely reported despite their importance to the mass budget of the Patagonia Icefields.
  • S. Fujita, P. Holmlund, K. Matsuoka, H. Enomoto, K. Fukui, F. Nakazawa, S. Sugiyama, S. Surdyk
    CRYOSPHERE 6 5 1203 - 1219 2012年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    In order to better understand the spatial distribution of subglacial environments, ground-based radar profiling data were analyzed for a total distance of similar to 3300 km across Dronning Maud Land, East Antarctica. The relationship between geometrically corrected bed returned power [Pc bed] dB in decibels and ice thickness H was examined. When H is smaller than a critical value that varies according to location, [P-bed(c)](dB) tends to decrease relatively smoothly with increasing H, which is explicable primarily by the cumulative effect of dielectric attenuation within the ice. However, at locations where H is larger than the critical H values, anomalous increases and fluctuations in [P-bed(c)](dB) were observed, regardless of the choice of radar frequency or radar-pulse width. In addition, the amplitude of the fluctuations often range 10 similar to 20 dB. We argue that the anomalous increases are caused by higher bed reflectivity associated with the existence of subglacial water. We used these features to delineate frozen and temperate beds. Approximately two-thirds of the investigated area was found to have a temperate bed. The beds of the inland part of the ice sheet tend to be temperate, with the exception of subglacial high mountains. In contrast, the beds of coastal areas tend to be frozen, with the exception of fast-flowing ice on the subglacial lowland or troughs. We argue that this new analytical method can be applied to other regions.
  • Shin Sugiyama, Hiroyuki Enomoto, Shuji Fujita, Kotaro Fukui, Fumio Nakazawa, Per Holmlund, Sylviane Surdyk
    JOURNAL OF GLACIOLOGY 58 209 529 - 539 2012年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    During the Japanese-Swedish Antarctic traverse expedition of 2007/08, we measured the surface snow density at 46 locations along the 2800 km long route from Syowa station to Wasa station in East Antarctica. The mean snow density for the upper 1 (or 0.5) m layer varied from 333 to 439 kg m(-3) over a region spanning an elevation range of 365-3800 m a.s.l. The density variations were associated with the elevation of the sampling sites; the density decreased as the elevation increased, moving from the coastal region inland. However, the density was relatively insensitive to the change in elevation along the ridge on the Antarctic plateau between Dome F and Kohnen stations. Because surface wind is weak in this region, irrespective of elevation, the wind speed was suggested to play a key role in the near-surface densification. The results of multiple regression performed on the density using meteorological variables were significantly improved by the inclusion of wind speed as a predictor. The regression analysis yielded a linear dependence between the density and the wind speed, with a coefficient of 13.5 kg m(-3) (m s(-1))(-1). This relationship is nearly three times stronger than a value previously computed from a dataset available in Antarctica. Our data indicate that the wind speed is more important to estimates of the surface snow density in Antarctica than has been previously assumed.
  • Shin Sugiyama, Pedro Skvarca, Nozomu Naito, Hiroyuki Enomoto, Shun Tsutaki, Kenta Tone, Sebastian Marinsek, Masamu Aniya
    NATURE GEOSCIENCE 4 9 597 - 600 2011年09月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Ice flow acceleration has played a crucial role in the rapid retreat of calving glaciers in Alaska(1,2), Greenland and Antarctica(3,4). Glaciers that calve in water flow much faster than those that terminate on land, as a result of enhanced basal ice motion where basal water pressure is high(5). However, a scarcity of subglacial observations in calving glaciers limits a mechanistic understanding. Here we present high-frequency measurements of ice speed and basal water pressures from Glaciar Perito Moreno, a fast-flowing calving glacier in Patagonia. We measured water pressure in boreholes drilled at a site where the glacier is 515 +/- 5m thick, and where more than 60% of the ice is below the level of proglacial lakes. We found that the mean basal water pressure was about 95% of the pressure imposed by the weight of the overlying ice. Moreover, changes in basal water pressure by a few per cent drove nearly 40% of the variations in ice flow speed. The ice speed was strongly correlated to air temperature, suggesting that glacier motion was modulated by water pressure changes as meltwater entered the system. We conclude that basal water pressure in calving glaciers is important for glacier dynamics, and closely connected to climate conditions.
  • Aniya, M, P. Skvarca, S. Sugiyama, T. Aoki, T. Matsumoto, R. Anma, N. Naito, H. Enomoto, K. Hori, S. Marinsek, K. Konya, T. Nuimura, S. Tsutaki, K. Tone, G. Barcaza
    Bulletin of Glaciological Research 29 1 - 17 2011年 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • S. Fujita, P. Holmlund, I. Andersson, I. Brown, H. Enomoto, Y. Fujii, K. Fujita, K. Fukui, T. Furukawa, M. Hansson, K. Hara, Y. Hoshina, M. Igarashi, Y. Iizuka, S. Imura, S. Ingvander, T. Karlin, H. Motoyama, F. Nakazawa, H. Oerter, L. E. Sjoberg, S. Sugiyama, S. Surdyk, J. Strom, R. Uemura, F. Wilhelms
    CRYOSPHERE 5 4 1057 - 1081 2011年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    To better understand the spatio-temporal variability of the glaciological environment in Dronning Maud Land (DML), East Antarctica, a 2800-km-long Japanese-Swedish traverse was carried out. The route includes ice divides between two ice-coring sites at Dome Fuji and EPICA DML. We determined the surface mass balance (SMB) averaged over various time scales in the late Holocene based on studies of snow pits and firn cores, in addition to radar data. We find that the large-scale distribution of the SMB depends on the surface elevation and continentality, and that the SMB differs between the windward and leeward sides of ice divides for strong-wind events. We suggest that the SMB is highly influenced by interactions between the large-scale surface topography of ice divides and the wind field of strong-wind events that are often associated with high-precipitation events. Local variations in the SMB are governed by the local surface topography, which is influenced by the bedrock topography. In the eastern part of DML, the accumulation rate in the second half of the 20th century is found to be higher by similar to 15% than averages over longer periods of 722 a or 7.9 ka before AD 2008. A similar increasing trend has been reported for many inland plateau sites in Antarctica with the exception of several sites on the leeward side of the ice divides.
  • P. Dalban Canassy, A. Bauder, M. Dost, R. Faeh, M. Funk, S. Margreth, B. Mueller, S. Sugiyama
    NATURAL HAZARDS AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES 11 8 2149 - 2162 2011年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The details and the consequences of the recent retreat of Triftgletscher (Gadmertal, Bernese Alps, Switzerland) have been investigated. Geodetic volume changes indicate a strong decrease since 1929 while the position of the terminus remained practically unchanged until 1990. The role played by calving in the tongue retreat running from 2000 to 2006 is confirmed by means of a mass balance model including a calving criterion. Results show that without calving, it would have taken two years longer for the lake to form than has been observed. The consequences of the ensuing tongue destabilization are surveyed, first with an ice avalanche model and second with a hydraulic study of the potential impulse wave triggered by the impact of the falling ice mass in the lake. Results point out that ice avalanches with volumes greater that 1.10(6) m(3) will flow into the lake and that in the worst scenario, a discharge of 400 m(3) s(-1) is expected to reach the endangered area in Gadmertal 11 min after the break-off. In order to detect surface motion precursors to such ice avalanches, a photographic monitoring system was installed. The results indicate seasonal variations with peak velocity in summer and no significant change during the other months. Spectacular velocity increases were not observed so far.
  • Shun Tsutaki, Daisuke Nishimura, Takeshi Yoshizawa, Shin Sugiyama
    ANNALS OF GLACIOLOGY 52 58 31 - 36 2011年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    To investigate the impact of proglacial lake formation on the dynamics and evolution of glaciers, we measured the ice motion of the terminal part of Rhonegletscher, Switzerland, where a lake formed in 2005. In 2009, the flow velocity near the terminus was >20 m a(-1). One of the survey stakes tripled its velocity between 2006 and 2007. Since the lake water pressure was consistently close to the ice overburden pressure, it is likely that the high subglacial water pressure enhanced the basal ice motion. The estimated flow velocity due to ice shearing was negligibly small; almost 100% of the horizontal velocity near the terminus was caused by basal sliding. The longitudinal strain rate was large, 0.064 a(-1), indicating that much of the glacier thinning was due to ice dynamics. The region of ice flotation adjacent to the lake expanded between 2008 and 2009 as a result of glacier thinning. Accordingly, a huge uplift of the surface was observed in 2009. It is clear from the vertical ice motion as well as visual observations that the marginal part of the glacier began to float. The ice-thinning rate in the studied area from 2008 to 2009 was 3.4 m a(-1), larger than previous estimates.
  • Shin Sugiyama, Takeshi Yoshizawa, Matthias Huss, Shun Tsutaki, Daisuke Nishimura
    ANNALS OF GLACIOLOGY 52 58 1 - 8 2011年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The spatial pattern of glacier surface melt was measured with a resolution of 20-100 m within a region extending 1 km up-glacier from the terminus of Rhonegletscher, Switzerland. The melt rate was monitored from 6 July to 6 September 2009 using 44 ablation stakes. We also measured the surface albedo near the stakes to investigate the importance of this parameter for the melt-rate distribution. The melt rate varied from 32.8 to 71.9 mm w.e. d(-1) in the study area. Our measurements suggest that the spatial variation of the melt rate can be explained by (1) shading of the ice surface by neighbouring mountains, (2) surface albedo and (3) effects of microclimate (e.g. radiation from side-walls) on the surface energy balance. The observed melt-rate distribution was compared to the results of a temperature-index melt model, which takes into account shading of direct solar illumination but not the other two effects. The model reproduces some important features of the field data, but its spatial variations are generally less than the measured values. Our study shows the importance of albedo and other local conditions in the accurate estimation of the small-scale melt-rate distribution.
  • Takehiro Fukuda, Shin Sugiyama, Sumito Matoba, Takayuki Shiraiwa
    ANNALS OF GLACIOLOGY 52 58 138 - 142 2011年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    As part of a deep ice-core drilling project, GPS and ice-radar measurements were made in the vicinity of Aurora Peak, Alaska, USA. Surface and bed elevation maps were obtained over an area of 400 m x 700 m, which includes the drilling site. Surface flow velocity was measured at 18 locations in the same area. The results showed that the drilling site was situated on a gentle north-south ridge with saddle-shaped surface geometry. The horizontal ice-flow velocity at the drilling site was <0.5 m a(-1) and the ice generally flowed eastward and westward along the surface slope. The glacier bed slopes to the east and has more complex topography than the ice surface. The drilling site was situated above a bedrock dip, with an ice thickness of 252 +/- 10 m. These data constitute important information for estimating the effect of ice flow to the ice core retrieved from the depth of up to 180.17 m.
  • P. -F. Roux, F. Walter, P. Riesen, S. Sugiyama, M. Funk
    JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-EARTH SURFACE 115 F3 F03014  2010年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    During the 2004 outburst flood of Gornersee, Switzerland, we observed surface microseismic activity (so-called icequakes) near the glacier-dammed lake on Gornergletscher. Using surface waves, we located near-surface tensile fracturing events by inverting time delays using a quasi-Newton scheme. We located 8520 near-surface events with uncertainties of less than 10 m. Seismic activity increased during the lake drainage, and the icequake epicenters migrated downglacier. Furthermore, we identified events whose fault plane orientations are nearly perpendicular to the local pattern of surface crevassing. These observations can be explained by the rotation of principal strains at the glacier surface deduced from local ice flow measurement which occurred during the flotation of the ice dam at the onset of the lake drainage. In general, we suggest that our technique is a useful tool to locate large data sets of microseismic events and can be used to monitor the temporal evolution of fracture processes and their dependence on glacier flow and glacier hydrology.
  • S. Sugiyama, A. Bauder, P. Riesen, M. Funk
    JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-EARTH SURFACE 115 F3 F03010  2010年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    High frequency ice flow measurements during speed-up events in Gornergletscher, Switzerland, revealed intriguing ice motion which has never been reported in detail before. During the summer 2005, more than a 100% flow speed increase was observed three times at four GPS stations installed across Gornergletscher. The speed-ups were accompanied by a decimeter scale surface uplift. Two of the events were triggered by intensive surface melt and rainfall, while the third one was due to the outburst of Gornersee, a glacier-dammed lake located 2 km upglacier. An interesting observation was ice motion deviating toward the side margins during the events. As the glacier accelerated, a transverse (cross glacier) velocity component was generated, turning the flow direction away from the central flow line toward the margins. When the glacier decelerated, the transverse velocity component reversed so that the ice flowed back to the azimuth of the initial flow direction. In the most significant case, the trajectory of the survey stake deviated from the original track by 0.2 m in the transverse direction. We hypothesize that the observed lateral ice motion was caused by locally elevated subglacial water pressure. When the ice sole decoupled from the bed at a part of the glacier, a point source of vertical displacement was transmitted to the surface through viscous ice. This caused the transverse as well as vertical surface motion, as observed in ground motion during magma intrusion. The hypothesis was tested with a two-dimensional ice flow model applied to the transverse glacier cross section. The model confirmed that the surface ice would move toward the margins as observed in Gornergletscher, if subglacial water pressure exceeded the ice overburden pressure over a limited part of the bed.
  • Sugiyama, S, H. Enomoto, S. Fujita, K. Fukui, F. Nakazawa, P. Holmlund
    Annals of Glaciology 51 55 9 - 15 2010年 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Patrick Riesen, Shin Sugiyama, Martin Funk
    JOURNAL OF GLACIOLOGY 56 196 278 - 286 2010年 [査読無し][通常論文]
     
    Gornergletscher, Switzerland, is located adjacent to the marginal lake Gornersee, which periodically drains. We measured glacier ice-flow velocities during two drainage events of the lake, in 2004 and 2006. The common feature of these events was that, during both, Gornersee filled to its maximum level and then overflowed. The events differed in that in 2004 Gornersee rapidly drained via a sudden subglacial connection, whereas in 2006 the lake water continued to overflow and slowly discharged into a nearby moulin. We analysed the changes in ice-flow velocities in the vicinity of Gornersee during the two drainage events, using a three-dimensional ice-flow model which is able to (1) simulate locally variable enhanced basal motion of the ice and (2) account for the load and release of water pressure exerted on the ice margin. We demonstrate that the key features of the observed flow changes can be reproduced adequately in the numerical model by considering these two effects as the main mechanisms. We interpret the 2006 flow changes to be dominated by the release of lake water pressure acting on the ice during the lake drainage. The 2004 ice-flow changes can be explained by enhanced basal motion, and the impact of the lake water pressure provides certain clues to some observations insufficiently explained by enhanced basal motion.
  • Sugiyama, S, P. Skvarca, N. Naito, K. Tone, H. Enomoto, K. Shinbori, S. Marinsek, M. Aniya
    Bulletin of Glaciological Research 28 27 - 32 2010年 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Hiroaki Ota, Takeshi Hashimoto, Yohei Nagakura, Shuhei Takamura, Akira Fukuda, Masamu Aniya, Nozomu Naito, Hiroyuki Enomoto, Shin Sugiyama, Pedro Skvarca
    International Conference on Humans and Computers, HC '10, Aizu-Wakamatsu, Fukushima-ken, Japan, December 6-10, 2010 195 - 202 University of Aizu Press / ACM 2010年 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Tsutaki, S, S. Sugiyama
    Bulletin of Glaciological Research 27 7 - 14 2009年 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • S. Sugiyama, A. Bauder, M. Huss, P. Riesen, M. Funk
    JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-EARTH SURFACE 113 F4 F04019  2008年12月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    To investigate the triggering and the drainage mechanisms of a glacier-dammed lake outburst, we conducted high-frequency measurements of the ice surface motion in the vicinity of Gornersee, an ice marginal lake on Gornergletscher, Switzerland. During the outburst event in July 2004, the ice surface within a distance of 400 m from the lakeshore moved vertically upward by up to 0.1 m. This vertical surface motion cannot be explained by vertical straining of ice which was measured in one of the boreholes; therefore, we suggest the separation of the glacier sole from the bed was caused by subglacially drained lake water. Our observation indicates that the lake water drained as a sheet-like flow through the space created by the basal separation. The upward surface motion was greater in the region where the ice flotation level was exceeded by the lake level, implying that the ice barrier was breached when the lake water hydraulically connected to the bed and lifted up the glacier. In addition to the centimeter-scale vertical ice motion, three survey stakes located within 100 m from the lake showed extraordinarily large vertical displacement of 0.5-3.0 m associated with abrupt changes in horizontal flow direction. A plausible interpretation is that the marginal ice wedge bent upward because of the buoyancy force generated by the drained water. Such bending is possible if subglacial and englacial fractures formed at about 200 m from the glacier margin and acted as a hinge. The newly formed and preexisting englacial fractures probably took the role of inducing englacial water drainage which preceded the outburst.
  • Sugiyama, S, S. Tsutaki, D. Nishimura, H. Blatter, A. Bauder, M. Funk
    Bulletin of Glaciological Research 26 41 - 47 2008年 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Benchmark experiments for higher-order and full-Stokes ice sheet models (ISMIP-HOM)
    Pattyn, F, thers
    The Cryospere 2 3 95 - 108 2008年 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Matthias Huss, Shin Sugiyama, Andreas Bauder, Martin Funk
    ARCTIC ANTARCTIC AND ALPINE RESEARCH 39 3 422 - 431 2007年08月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The future evolution of Unteraargletscher, a large valley glacier in the Swiss Alps, is assessed for the period 2005 to 2050 using a flowline model. Detailed measurements of surface velocity from the last decade allow us to relate ice flux to glacier thickness and width. Mass balance is calculated using a distributed temperature-index model calibrated with ice volume changes derived independently from comparison of repeated digital elevation models. The model was validated for the period 1961 to 2005 and showed good agreement between the simulated and observed evolution of surface geometry. Regional climate scenarios with seasonal resolution were used to investigate the anticipated response of Unteraargletscher to future climate changes. Three mass balance scenarios were defined, corresponding to 2.5%, 50%, and 97.5% quantiles of a statistical analysis of 16 different climate model results. We present a forecast of the future extent of Unteraargletscher in the next five decades and analyze relevant parameters with respect to the past. The model predicts a retreat of the glacier terminus of 800-1025 in by 2035, and of 1250-2300 in by 2050. The debris coverage of the glacier tongue reduces the retreat rate by a factor of three. The thinning, rate increased by 50-183% by 2050 depending on the scenario applied, compared to the period 1997 to 2005.
  • Sugiyama, S, A. Bauder, C. Zahno, M. Funk
    Annals of Glaciology 46 268 - 274 2007年 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Shin Sugiyama, Andreas Bauder, Patrik Weiss, Martin Funk
    JOURNAL OF GLACIOLOGY 53 181 172 - 180 2007年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    During the outburst flood of a glacier-dammed lake on Gornergletscher, Switzerland, in July 2004, the drained lake water triggered anomalous glacier motion. At the onset of the outburst, the ice-flow direction in the vicinity of the lake became closer to the central flowline. When the lake discharge magnitude decreased, the flow direction altered such that the ice moved back to the azimuth of the initial motion. At one of the survey points, where the ice flows parallel to the central flowline, the ice accelerated along the pre-event flow direction followed by a 180 degrees backward motion that lasted over 2 days. These observations indicate the impact of the lake outburst on the subglacial and englacial stress conditions; however, the reversal in the flow direction is difficult to explain by drawing on our current understanding of glacier mechanics. The timing and the timescale of the flow-direction changes suggest that the elastic glacier motion and its rebound played a role under the rapidly changing stress conditions, but the Young's modulus of ice is too large to cause the observed ice motion. Other processes, including basal separation and subglacial sediment deformation, are discussed as possible mechanisms for the reversal of the ice motion.
  • Sugiyama, S
    Glacier Science and Environmental Change 345 - 347 2006年 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Sugiyama, S, R. Naruse, Y. D. Murav'ye
    Annals of Glaciology 40 232 - 236 2005年 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Seddik H, S. Sugiyama, R. Naruse
    Bulletin of Glaciological Research 22 75 - 79 2005年 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Short-term variations in glacier flow controlled by subglacial water pressure at Lauteraargletscher, Bernese Alps, Switzerland
    S Sugiyama, GH Gudmundsson
    JOURNAL OF GLACIOLOGY 50 170 353 - 362 2004年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Short-term variations in horizontal and vertical surface motion were studied with high temporal resolution during the ablation season in Lauteraargletscher, Bernese Alps, Switzerland. Horizontal surface flow speed oscillated diurnally, showing a correlation with the water level in a borehole. Flow speed increased as a function of the water level, with an asymptote at the ice overburden level. This observation implied that the flow variations were principally controlled by the local water pressure which enhanced basal motions. Detailed examination of the diurnal variations, however, showed that the speed was larger when the pressure was increasing than when it was decreasing. Greater speed with increasing pressure was interpreted by subglacial watercavity opening and/or longitudinal stress coupling with the upper reaches of the glacier. Upward surface movements were observed when the glacier flow speed increased. Simultaneous measurement of internal vertical strain in a borehole showed that the uplift had two different sources: vertical straining of ice and volume increase of subglacial water cavities. The vertical surface movement was largely affected by the vertical strain, and the uplift events could not be simply attributed to cavity opening.
  • Numerical investigation of the effects of temporal variations in basal lubrication on englacial strain-rate distribution
    S Sugiyama, GH Gudmundsson, J Helbing
    ANNALS OF GLACIOLOGY, VOL 37 37 49 - 54 2003年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The effects of spatial and temporal variations in basal lubrication on the englacial strain rate and surface velocity distribution are investigated with a numerical ice-flow model. General aspects of the solutions are compared to measurements made on Lauteraargletscher, Switzerland, in 2001, that showed diurnal fluctuations in both surface velocity and englacial vertical strain. We find that spatial gradients in basal lubrication can set up variations in the deviatoric stress field that increases with distance to the bed and has a maximum value near the glacier surface. This stress field produces a significant strain rate near the surface. The temporal evolution of a slippery zone is identified as a possible cause of the observed diurnal variations in the vertical strain rate. Although general aspects of the measurements can be explained in this way, the calculated vertical strain rates are too small, suggesting that the modeled effective viscosity values using Glen's flow law are too large near the surface.
  • Initial investigations of dynamics of the maritime Koryto glacier, Kamchatka, Russia
    S Yamaguchi, R Naruse, S Sugiyama, T Matsumoto, YD Murav'yev
    JOURNAL OF GLACIOLOGY 49 165 173 - 178 2003年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Ice-flow velocities were measured at Koryto glacier on Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia, during a 37 day period in the middle of the 2000 melt season. Six survey points from the upper to the lower reaches of the glacier exhibited daily fluctuations in surface horizontal speed with major peaks that appeared at all points. We argue that basal motion is the major cause of flow on Koryto glacier. Downward vertical velocities measured over most of the glacier during the survey period are likely due to shrinking of englacial and subglacial cavities. This result may imply that a large amount of water is deposited in the early summer. Since 1960, Koryto glacier has retreated by 450 m and this retreat has accelerated following a decrease in winter precipitation after the mid 1970s. The glacier has thinned by 10-50 m during the last 40 years.
  • Influence of surface debris on summer ablation in Unteraar- and Lauteraargletscher, Switzerland
    Sugiyama, S
    Bulletin of Glaciological Research 20 41 - 47 2003年 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Diurnal variations in vertical strain observed in a temperate valley glacier
    Sugiyama, S, G. H. Gudmundsson
    Geophysical Research Letters 30 20 1090  2003年 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • S Sugiyama, M Togaya
    JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CERAMIC SOCIETY 84 12 3013 - 3016 2001年12月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The phase relationship between 3C- and 6H-SiC is investigated in the pressure range 2.5-6.5 GPa and the temperature range 400 degrees -2500 degreesC, by analyzing recovered samples, using X-ray diffractometry and Raman-scattering techniques. The phased transition from 3C- to 6H-SiC occurs at 2200 degreesC and 2.5 GPa. In the pressure range >4.5 GPa, 6H-SiC transforms to 3C-SiC at 2500 degreesC, via an intermediate state, as indicated by broadening peaks in the X-ray diffraction profile. Thermodynamically, 3C-SiC appears to be the low-temperature stable form, and the temperature of transition to 611-SiC, which is stable at high temperature, appears to increase with pressure.
  • Togaya, M, S. Sugiyama
    The Review of High Pressure Science and Technology 7 1037 - 1039 1998年 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Melting of graphite
    Togaya, M, S. Sugiyama, E. Mizuhara
    High Pressure Science and Technology, Proceedings of International Association for the Advancement of High Pressure Science and Technology 255  1993年 [査読有り][通常論文]

書籍

  • 低温環境の科学事典
    河村公隆 (担当:分担執筆)
    朝倉書店 2016年07月
  • 低温科学便覧
    北海道大学低温科学研究所編 (担当:分担執筆範囲:第5章氷河)
    丸善出版 2015年10月
  • 地球惑星科学入門
    在田一則, 竹下徹, 見延庄士郎, 渡部重十編著 (担当:分担執筆範囲:第27章氷河と氷河時代)
    北海道大学出版会 2010年
  • なぞの宝庫・南極大陸 100万年前の地球を読む
    飯塚芳徳, 澤柿教伸, 杉山慎, 的場澄人 
    技術評論社 2008年

講演・口頭発表等

  • Short-term ice speed variations near the calving front of Bowdoin Glacier, northwestern Greenland  [通常講演]
    Shin Sugiyama, Shun Tsutaki, Daiki Sakakibara, Izumi Asaji
    Workshop on the Dynamics and Mass Budget of Arctic Glaciers & the IASC Network on Arctic Glaciology Annual Meeting 2020年01月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Changing natural environment and its impact on human society in Qaanaaq, northwestern Greenland  [通常講演]
    Shin Sugiyama, ArCS Greenland Project member
    Greenland Science Week 2019 2019年12月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Seasonal variations in temperature, salinity and current under the floating tongue of Langhovde Glacier in East Antarctica  [通常講演]
    Sugiyama, S, M. Minowa, S. Aoki
    Forum for Research into Ice Shelf Processes (FRISP) 2019年09月 口頭発表(一般)
  • 南極ラングホブデ氷河の棚氷下における通年海洋観測  [通常講演]
    杉山慎, 箕輪昌紘
    雪氷研究大会 2019年09月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Mass loss of the Antarctic ice sheet under the influence of ice-ocean interaction  [招待講演]
    杉山 慎
    日本地球惑星科学連合2019年大会 2019年05月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Glacier change, ice-ocean interaction, and their impacts on human society in Qaanaaq, northwestern Greenland  [通常講演]
    Shin Sugiyama
    IASC Workshop on the dynamicsand mass budget of Arctic glaciersand mass budget of Arctic glaciers& proglacial marine ecosystems& proglacial marine e 2019年01月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Changing Natural Environment and its Impact on Human Society in Greenland  [招待講演]
    SUGIYAMA Shin
    International Law for Sustainability in Arctic Resource Development:Integrating economic, social, environmental and scientific dimensions 2018年12月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Hot water drilling at Langhovde Glacier, East Antarctica  [通常講演]
    Sugiyama S, Minowa, M, Masato, I, Yamane, S, Aoki, S, Tamura, T
    GRAntarctic-NIPR Joint International Symposium on Ice-Ocean Interaction 2018年12月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Hot water drilling and subshelf measurements at Langhovde Glacier, East Antarctica  [通常講演]
    Shin Sugiyama, Masahiro Minowa, Masato Ito, Shiori Yamane, Shigeru Aoki, Takeshi Tamura
    日本地球惑星科学連合2018年大会 2018年05月 口頭発表(一般)
  • 南極ラングホブデ氷河における熱水掘削  [通常講演]
    杉山慎, 箕輪昌紘, 伊藤優人, 山根志織
    雪氷学会北海道支部研究発表会 2018年05月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Coastal environment change and its impact on human society in northwestern Greenland  [招待講演]
    Shin Sugiyama
    JSPS Japan-Norway Symposium 2017年06月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Cryosphere - Greenland Ice Cap and Baffin Bay  [招待講演]
    杉山 慎
    IMBeR, Arctic Continental Margins Workshop 2017年03月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Calving front of Grey Glacier in Patagonia is protruding into water under the lake surface  [通常講演]
    Shin Sugiyama, Masahiro Minowa, Marius Schaefer
    International Symposium on the Cryosphere in a Changing Climate 2017年02月 ポスター発表
  • Mass loss of outlet glaciers and ice caps in the Qaanaaq region, northwestern Greenland  [通常講演]
    Shin Sugiyama, Shun Tsutaki, Daiki Sakakibara, Evgeny Podolskiy, Masahiro Minowa, Yoshihiko Ohashi, Martin Funk, Guillaume Jouvet, Julien Seguinot, Yvo Weidmann, Riccardo Genco
    Workshop on the Dynamics and Mass Budget of Arctic Glaciers & the IASC Network on Arctic Glaciology Annual Meeting 2017年01月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Recent ice mass loss of outlet glaciers and ice caps in the Qaanaaq region, northwestern Greenland  [通常講演]
    Sugiyama, S. S. Tsutaki, D. Sakakibara, J. Saito, Y. Ohashi, M. Maruyama, N. Katayama, E.Podolskiy, M. Minowa, S. Matsuno, T. Sawagaki, S. Matoba, M. Funk, R. Genco, H. Enomoto
    AGU fall meeting 2016年12月 ポスター発表
  • The ice sheet/glacier-ocean interaction in Greenland  [招待講演]
    Shin Sugiyama
    Arctic Circle Assembly 2016 2016年10月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Ice mass loss in northwestern Greenland  [招待講演]
    Shin Sugiyama
    Japan-Norway Arctic Science & Innovation Week 2016 2016年06月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Glacier dynamics near the calving front of Bowdoin Glacier, northwestern Greenland  [通常講演]
    S. Sugiyama, S. Tsutaki, D. Sakakibara, J. Saito, M. Maruyama, N. Katayama, T. Sawagaki, M. Funk, A. Bauder
    IGS International Symposium on Contemporary Ice-Sheet Dynamics 2015年08月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Glacier dynamics near the calving front of Bowdoin Glacier, northwestern Greenland  [通常講演]
    S. Sugiyama, S. Tsutaki, D. Sakakibara, J. Saito, M. Maruyama, N. Katayama, T. Sawagaki, M. Funk, A. Bauder
    The Arctic Science Summit Week 2015 (ISAR-4/ICARP-III) 2015年04月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Thermal structures of proglacial lakes in the Southern Patagonia Icefield  [通常講演]
    Sugiyama, S, M. Minowa, D. Sakakibara, Y. Ohashi, P. Skvarca, T. Sawagaki, N. Naito
    International Symposium on Contribution of Glaciers and Ice Sheets to Sea Level Change 2014年05月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Exploring Antarctic subglacial environment using hot water drilling  [通常講演]
    Sugiyama, S, T. Sawagaki, T. Fukuda, S. Aoki, S. Imura
    The 4th Symposium on Polar Science 2013年11月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Mass loss of glaciers and ice caps in northwestern Greenland  [通常講演]
    Sugiyama, S, S. Tsutaki, D. Sakakibara, T. Sawagaki, S. Matsuno, M. Minowa, M. Maruyama, J. Saito, S. Matoba, S. Yamaguchi
    The 4th Symposium on Polar Science 2013年11月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Warm water and life beneath the grounding zone of an Antarctic outlet glacier  [通常講演]
    Sugiyama, S, T. Sawagaki, T. Fukuda, S. Aoki
    European Geosciences Union 2013年04月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Ice mass loss in northwestern Greenland  [通常講演]
    Sugiyama, S. Matoba, S. Yamaguchi, D. Sakakibara, S. Matsuno
    3rd International Symposium on Arctic Research 2013年01月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Hot water drilling and measurements beneath the grounding zone of Langhovde Glacier, East Antarctica  [通常講演]
    Sugiyama, S, T. Sawagaki, T. Fukuda
    3rd Symposium on Polar Science 2012年11月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Hot water drilling and subglacial observations at the floating tongue of Langhovde Glacier, East Antarctica  [通常講演]
    Sugiyama, S, T. Sawagaki, T. Fukuda
    International Symposium on Glaciers and Ice 2012年06月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Hot water drilling and subglacial measurements at the floating tongue of Langhovde Glacier, East Antarctica  [通常講演]
    Sugiyama, S, T. Sawagaki, T. Fukuda
    26th International Forum for Research into Ice Shelf Processes 2012年06月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Calving glacier dynamics controlled by subglacial water pressure close to ice overburden pressure in Glaciar Perito Moreno, Patagoniaa  [通常講演]
    Sugiyama, S. P. Skvarca, N. Naito, H. Enomoto, K. Tone, S. Tsutaki, S. Marinsek, M. Aniya
    European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2011年04月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Calving Glacier Dynamics Controlled by Small Fluctuations in Subglacial Water Pressure Revealed by Hot Water Drilling in Glaciar Perito Moreno, Patagonia  [通常講演]
    Sugiyama, S. P. Skvarca, N. Naito, H. Enomoto, K. Tone, S. Tsutaki, M. Aniya
    American Geophysical Union Annual Fall Meeting 2010年12月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Snow density and dielectric constant measurements along the traverse route of the Japanese-Swedish Antarctic Expedition 2007-2008  [通常講演]
    Sugiyama, S, H. Enomoto, S. Fujita
    International Symposium on Glaciology in the International Polar Year 2009年07月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Modelling the flow regime of the Antarctic drainage system from Dome F to Shirase Glacier  [通常講演]
    Sugiyama, S, R. Greve, T. Zwinger, H. Seddik
    American Geophysical Union Annual Fall Meeting 2008年12月 ポスター発表
  • Sideways ice motion during speed-up events in Gornergletscher, Switzerland  [通常講演]
    Sugiyama, S, A. Bauder, M. Funk
    International Symposium on Dynamics in Glaciology 2008年08月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Evolution of Rhonegletscher in Switzerland over the past 125 years and in the future  [通常講演]
    Sugiyama, S, C. Zahno, A. Bauder, M. Funk
    International Symposium on Cryospheric Indicators of Global Climate Change 2006年08月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Evolution of Rhonegletscher in Switzerland over the past 125 years and in the future: application of an improved flowline model  [通常講演]
    Sugiyama, S, C. Zahno, A. Bauder, M. Funk
    1st Asia CliC Symposium 2006年04月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Glacier dynamics during the outburst flood of a glacier dammed lake on Gornergletscher, Switzerland  [通常講演]
    Sugiyama, S, M. Funk, B. Mueller, A. Bauder, U. H. Fischer, P. Weiss, M. Huss, N. Deichmann, H. Blatter
    European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2005年04月 口頭発表(一般)
  • Laboratory experiment of basal siding  [通常講演]
    Sugiyama, S, R. Naruse
    European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2004年04月 口頭発表(一般)

作品等

その他活動・業績

受賞

  • 2019年05月 日本雪氷学会 北海道支部 北海道雪氷賞(北の六華賞)
     南極ラングホブデ氷河における熱水掘削 
    受賞者: 杉山 慎
  • 2015年03月 北海道大学 教育総長奨励賞
     
    受賞者: 杉山 慎
  • 2013年09月 社団法人日本雪氷学会 学術賞
     氷河・氷床の底面動力学プロセスの研究 
    受賞者: 杉山 慎
  • 2011年 社団法人日本雪氷学会 2011年度 論文賞

共同研究・競争的資金等の研究課題

  • 北極域における沿岸環境の変化とその社会影響
    文部科学省:ArCS II(環境技術等研究開発推進事業費補助金)
    研究期間 : 2020年06月 -2025年03月
  • カービング氷河の末端プロセスと変動メカニズム -湖と海で何が違うのか-
    日本学術振興会:科学研究費助成事業 基盤研究(A)
    研究期間 : 2020年04月 -2025年03月 
    代表者 : 杉山 慎
  • パタゴニアにおけるカービング氷河末端と湖との相互作用
    日本学術振興会:科学研究費補助金(基盤B・海外学術)
    研究期間 : 2016年04月 -2020年03月 
    代表者 : 杉山 慎
  • グリーンランドにおける氷河氷床・海洋相互作用
    文部科学省:ArCS北極域研究推進プロジェクト
    研究期間 : 2015年10月 -2020年03月
  • カービング氷河末端における氷融解量の直接測定
    日本学術振興会:科学研究費補助金(挑戦的萌芽研究)
    研究期間 : 2014年04月 -2017年03月 
    代表者 : 杉山 慎
  • カービング氷河の急激な後退に氷河流動が果たす役割
    日本学術振興会:科学研究費補助金(基盤研究B)
    研究期間 : 2011年 -2015年 
    代表者 : 杉山 慎
  • Role of ice dynamics in rapid retreat of calving glaciers
    Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research
    研究期間 : 2011年 -2015年
  • 南極沿岸における溢流氷河の短期流動変化
    日本学術振興会:科学研究費補助金(挑戦的萌芽研究)
    研究期間 : 2011年 -2014年 
    代表者 : 杉山 慎
  • Short term flow speed variations in an Antarctic outlet glacier
    Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research
    研究期間 : 2011年 -2013年
  • 東南極ラングホブデ氷河における熱水掘削
    国立極地研究所:南極地域観測第8期一般研究観測
    研究期間 : 2010年 -2012年 
    代表者 : 杉山 慎
  • Hot water drilling at Langhovde Glacier, East Antarctica
    0100 (Japanese Only)
    研究期間 : 2010年 -2012年
  • 氷河湖の形成に起因した氷河後退メカニズムの解明
    日本学術振興会:科学研究費補助金(基盤研究C)
    研究期間 : 2008年 -2011年 
    代表者 : 杉山 慎
  • 高精度氷河変動モデルの構築
    日本学術振興会:科学研究費補助金(若手研究)
    研究期間 : 2006年 -2008年 
    代表者 : 杉山 慎

教育活動情報

主要な担当授業

  • 大学院共通授業科目(教育プログラム):南極学
    開講年度 : 2018年
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 大学院共通科目
    キーワード : 極域、南極、北極、海氷、氷床、大気、海洋、気候システム、生態系、南極観測、南極条約
  • 大学院共通授業科目(一般科目):自然科学・応用科学
    開講年度 : 2018年
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 大学院共通科目
    キーワード : 北極、地球観測、衛星リモートセンシング
  • 大学院共通授業科目(一般科目):自然科学・応用科学
    開講年度 : 2018年
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 大学院共通科目
  • 大学院共通授業科目(教育プログラム):南極学
    開講年度 : 2018年
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 大学院共通科目
    キーワード : 氷河、雪、氷、凍土、気象、アルプス、山岳、環境科学
  • 地球雪氷学実習Ⅰ
    開講年度 : 2018年
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 環境科学院
    キーワード : 雪氷、氷河、凍土、野外観測手法、データ解析 snow and ice, glacier, permafrost, field work, data analysis
  • 地球雪氷学実習Ⅱ
    開講年度 : 2018年
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 環境科学院
    キーワード : 野外観測、降雪、積雪、気象、水文 field observation, snowfall, snow pack, climate, hydrology
  • 大学院共通授業科目(教育プログラム):南極学
    開講年度 : 2018年
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 大学院共通科目
    キーワード : 野外調査、氷、雪、気象、山岳、ロープ、高山病、低体温症、救命法
  • 氷河・氷床学特論
    開講年度 : 2018年
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 環境科学院
    キーワード : 氷河、氷床、地球環境、雪、氷、永久凍土、古環境 glacier, ice sheet, earth environment, snow, ice, permafrost, paleoenvironment
  • 大学院共通授業科目(教育プログラム):南極学
    開講年度 : 2018年
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 大学院共通科目
    キーワード : 雪、氷、氷河、海氷、気象、南極、北極、海洋、生物、プランクトン、オキアミ
  • 大学院共通授業科目(教育プログラム):南極学
    開講年度 : 2018年
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 大学院共通科目
    キーワード : 野外観測、降雪、積雪、気象、水文
  • 地球雪氷学基礎論
    開講年度 : 2018年
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 環境科学院
    キーワード : 雪、氷、極地 snow, ice, polar regions
  • 国際交流Ⅱ
    開講年度 : 2018年
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 国際本部
    キーワード : Polar regions, the Antarctic, the Arctic, sea ice, ice sheet, atmosphere, ocean, climate system, ecosystem, Antarctic expeditions, Antarctic treaty
  • 一般教育演習(フレッシュマンセミナー)
    開講年度 : 2018年
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 全学教育
    キーワード : 南極、雪氷学、地球環境学、氷床、アイスコア、気象、海洋、海氷
  • 国際交流Ⅱ
    開講年度 : 2018年
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 国際本部
    キーワード : snow, ice, glacier, sea ice, climate, Antarctica, Arctic, ocean, biology, Plankton, Euphausia

大学運営

委員歴

  • 2018年 - 現在   日本雪氷学会・氷河情報センター   センター長
  • 2017年 - 現在   日本雪氷学会・北海道支部   副支部長
  • 2017年 - 現在   日本雪氷学会   学術委員・学術委員長
  • 2014年 - 現在   日本学術会議   地球惑星科学委員会国際対応分科会SCAR小委員会委員
  • 2012年03月 - 現在   日本学術会議   地球惑星科学委員会IUGG分科会IACS小委員会委員
  • 2007年 - 現在   国立極地研究所   気水圏専門部会委員
  • 2017年 - 2019年   日本雪氷学会・井上基金運営委員会   委員長
  • 2013年12月 - 2019年   International Arctic Science Committee   Cryosphere WG member
  • 2015年 - 2017年   International Glaciological Society   Vice President
  • 2012年 - 2017年   北極環境研究コンソーシアム   運営委員
  • 2015年 - 2016年   文部科学省   北極研究戦略委員会 委員
  • 2010年 - 2014年   日本雪氷学会 極地雪氷分科会   幹事長
  • 2008年 - 2014年   日本雪氷学会   事業委員   日本雪氷学会
  • 2009年 - 2013年   Bulletin of Glaciological Research   編集委員
  • 2008年 - 2012年   日本雪氷学会   学術委員   日本雪氷学会
  • 2009年 - 2011年   日本雪氷学会 北海道支部   庶務担当理事
  • 2006年 - 2010年   日本雪氷学会 氷河情報センター   財務幹事

社会貢献活動

  • 期間 : 2020年02月14日
    役割 : 講師
    主催者・発行元 : 札幌市立大倉山小学校
    小学生
  • 雪氷圏の科学
    期間 : 2020年01月17日
    役割 : 講師
    主催者・発行元 : 立命館慶祥高校
    イベント・番組・新聞雑誌名 : 立命館慶祥高校 SSH国際交流研究室訪問
  • 氷河と氷床
    期間 : 2019年10月11日
    役割 : 講師
    主催者・発行元 : 立命館慶祥高等学校
    イベント・番組・新聞雑誌名 : SSH事業 北海道大学訪問
  • 氷河・氷床 -北極を彩る氷のかたまり-
    期間 : 2019年10月09日
    役割 : 講師
    主催者・発行元 : 北極域研究共同推進拠点(J-ARC Net)
    イベント・番組・新聞雑誌名 : 北極基礎市民講座
  • 南極氷床 -地球最大の氷のかたまり-
    期間 : 2019年10月01日
    役割 : 講師
    主催者・発行元 : (公財)北海道女性協会
    イベント・番組・新聞雑誌名 : 2019年度第2期えるのす連続講座~女性大学~
  • 札幌藻岩高等学校「環境教育講座」
    期間 : 2019年09月13日
    役割 : 講師
    主催者・発行元 : 札幌藻岩高等学校
    イベント・番組・新聞雑誌名 : 環境教育講座
  • 南極氷床 ―地球最大の氷のかたまり-
    期間 : 2019年05月27日
    役割 : 講師
    主催者・発行元 : 日本地球惑星科学連合
    イベント・番組・新聞雑誌名 : JPGU2019ショートセミナー
  • ARCTIC LIFE 〜極北の狩⼈と雪氷学者を囲んで
    期間 : 2019年02月23日
    役割 : 講師
    主催者・発行元 : ⽇本科学未来館、北海道⼤学低温科学研究所、北極域研究推進プロジェクト(ArCS)
    イベント・番組・新聞雑誌名 : 日本科学未来館トークセッション
  • グリーンランドの自然環境と狩猟文化
    期間 : 2019年02月17日
    役割 : 講師
    主催者・発行元 : 紋別市
    イベント・番組・新聞雑誌名 : 第34回北方圏国際シンポジウム
  • グリーンランドの自然環境
    期間 : 2019年02月15日
    役割 : 講師
    主催者・発行元 : 北海道大学・低温科学研究所、アイヌ・先住民研究センター、北極域研究センター ・ArCSプロジェクト
    イベント・番組・新聞雑誌名 : グリーンランドとアイヌの狩猟文化:環境保全と文化継承の取り組みから
  • 雪について調べてみよう
    期間 : 2019年02月12日
    役割 : 講師
    主催者・発行元 : 札幌市立大倉山小学校
  • 立命館慶祥SSH 国際交流研究室訪問
    期間 : 2019年02月05日
    役割 : 講師
    主催者・発行元 : 立命館慶祥高等学校
  • グリーンランド ―自然環境の変化とその人間生活への影響―
    期間 : 2018年12月15日
    役割 : 講師
    主催者・発行元 : 日本科学未来館、北極域研究推進プロジェクト(ArCS)
    イベント・番組・新聞雑誌名 : トークセッション「どうなる? 北極 ~人と自然が織りなす北の叙事詩」
  • サイエンススクール ~五感で感じる南極体験~
    期間 : 2018年08月17日
    役割 : 講師
    主催者・発行元 : KDDI、北海道大学
  • 氷河 ─地球を彩る氷─
    期間 : 2017年10月31日
    役割 : 講師
    主催者・発行元 : 北海道立女性プラザ
    イベント・番組・新聞雑誌名 : 平成29年度第2期女性大学
  • 圧巻!極北の大瀑布 ノルウェースバールバル諸島
    期間 : 2017年10月21日
    役割 : 助言・指導
    主催者・発行元 : NHK
    イベント・番組・新聞雑誌名 : グレートネイチャー
  • ののちゃんdo科学「氷山と流氷」
    期間 : 2017年10月14日
    役割 : 情報提供
    イベント・番組・新聞雑誌名 : 朝日新聞
  • 南極氷床 -地球最大の氷のかたまり―
    期間 : 2017年05月22日 - 2017年05月22日
    役割 : 講師
    主催者・発行元 : 立命館慶祥高等学校
    イベント・番組・新聞雑誌名 : SSH特別授業「サイエンスチャージ」
  • 科学の扉「極地の氷消える時」
    期間 : 2017年05月07日
    役割 : 情報提供
    イベント・番組・新聞雑誌名 : 朝日新聞
  • 「雪について調べよう」
    期間 : 2017年02月01日
    役割 : 講師
    主催者・発行元 : 札幌市立大倉山小学校
  • グリーンランドをめぐる「音楽」・「冒険」・「サイエンス」
    期間 : 2016年11月07日
    役割 : 司会
    主催者・発行元 : 低温科学研究所、北極域研究センター、MUSIC PLANT
    イベント・番組・新聞雑誌名 : 北海道大学サステナビリティウィーク
  • グリーンランド氷床 北極最大の氷のかたまりに何が起きているか
    期間 : 2016年10月02日
    役割 : パネリスト
    イベント・番組・新聞雑誌名 : 雪氷研究大会公開講演会「極地からの緊急報告! 温暖化がすすむ南極とグリーンランドに迫る」
  • 氷河氷床 地球の氷に何が起きているのか?
    期間 : 2016年09月26日
    役割 : 講師
    イベント・番組・新聞雑誌名 : 低温科学研究所公開講座「広がる低温の魅力 低温科学の最前線」
  • GRENEプロジェクト 公開講演会
    期間 : 2016年03月05日
    役割 : パネリスト
    主催者・発行元 : 国立極地研究所・JAMSTEC・北海道大学
    イベント・番組・新聞雑誌名 : 北極温暖化の実態と影響~何がわかったか、これから何をするのか~
  • ポプラ広場「地球温暖化最前線 スイスアルプスの氷河と地球の未来」
    期間 : 2016年02月18日
    役割 : 講師
    主催者・発行元 : 朝日新聞北海道支社、北海道テレビ放送
  • 「雪について調べよう」
    期間 : 2016年01月15日
    役割 : 講師
    主催者・発行元 : 大倉山小学校
  • 札幌立命館慶祥高校SSH大学研修
    期間 : 2015年06月13日 - 2015年06月13日
    役割 : 講師
    主催者・発行元 : 低温科学研究所・立命館慶祥高校
  • 北海道大学インフォメーションセンター公開展示
    期間 : 2015年03月 - 2015年05月
    役割 : 情報提供
    主催者・発行元 : 低温科学研究所・北海道テレビ(HTB)
  • 公開講演会 富山に北極がやって来た!
    期間 : 2015年04月26日
    役割 : パネリスト
    主催者・発行元 : 国立極地研究所ほか
    イベント・番組・新聞雑誌名 : 北極科学サミット週間(Arctic Science Summit Week)
  • ポプラ広場「地球温暖化最前線 南米パタゴニアの氷河と地球の未来」
    期間 : 2015年03月19日
    役割 : 講師
    主催者・発行元 : 朝日新聞北海道支社、北海道テレビ放送
  • 「雪について調べよう」
    期間 : 2015年03月09日
    役割 : 講師
    主催者・発行元 : 大倉山小学校
  • 期間 : 2014年09月25日
    役割 : 講師
    主催者・発行元 : 北海道大学
    イベント・番組・新聞雑誌名 : 札幌国際芸術祭「北大アーティストカフェ」
  • 旭川西高等学校SSH大学研修
    期間 : 2014年04月24日
    役割 : 講師
    主催者・発行元 : 低温科学研究所
  • 期間 : 2014年03月15日 - 2014年03月15日
    役割 : 講師
    主催者・発行元 : 北極環境研究コンソーシアム/国立極地研究所
    イベント・番組・新聞雑誌名 : 公開講演会「遠くて近い北極 -ここまでわかった温暖化-」
  • 「雪について調べよう」
    期間 : 2014年02月25日
    役割 : 講師
    主催者・発行元 : 大倉山小学校
  • 「スペースシップアースの未来 」
    期間 : 2014年01月17日
    役割 : 情報提供
    主催者・発行元 : NHK
  • 「南極・北極の氷床に何が起きているか」
    期間 : 2013年11月26日
    役割 : 講師
    主催者・発行元 : 北海道大学
    イベント・番組・新聞雑誌名 : 遠友学舎夜学校
  • 「グリーンランドの氷床を探る」
    期間 : 2013年11月12日
    役割 : 報告書執筆
    主催者・発行元 : 朝日新聞
    イベント・番組・新聞雑誌名 : 北の文化
  • 「氷の大地グリーンランド -北極最大の氷のかたまりに何が起きているのか-」
    期間 : 2013年11月03日
    役割 : 講師
    主催者・発行元 : 北海道テレビ・北海道大学総合博物館・低温科学研究所
    イベント・番組・新聞雑誌名 : 白夜の北極・グリーンランド展 市民セミナー
  • 「南極氷床 ~氷の底を覗いてみたら~」
    期間 : 2013年08月11日
    役割 : 講師
    主催者・発行元 : 愛媛県総合科学博物館
    イベント・番組・新聞雑誌名 : 特別展「南極の自然」
  • 「南極氷床」
    期間 : 2013年06月08日
    役割 : 講師
    主催者・発行元 : 札幌立命館慶祥高校
    イベント・番組・新聞雑誌名 : スーパーサイエンスハイスクール
  • 「日本隊とスウェーデン隊の南極旅行術」
    期間 : 2012年09月25日
    役割 : 講師
    主催者・発行元 : 日本雪氷学会
    イベント・番組・新聞雑誌名 : 雪氷研究大会 公開シンポジウム「南極の食生活いまむかし」
  • 南極氷床 - 地球でいちばん大きな氷のかたまり」
    期間 : 2012年08月25日
    役割 : 講師
    主催者・発行元 : 北海道大学総合博物館
    イベント・番組・新聞雑誌名 : 南極フロンティア展
  • 氷河氷床と気候変動
    期間 : 2011年11月15日
    役割 : 講師
    主催者・発行元 : 札幌管区気象台
  • 宙と陸から観る 氷河・氷床の今
    期間 : 2011年10月30日
    役割 : 講師
    主催者・発行元 : 北海道大学
    イベント・番組・新聞雑誌名 : GiFT 北海道大学から世界へ未来へ
  • 南極氷床 — 雪と氷の大陸が地球環境に果たす役割 —
    期間 : 2010年10月30日
    役割 : パネリスト
    主催者・発行元 : 札幌管区気象台、稚内地方気象台
    イベント・番組・新聞雑誌名 : 地球環境シンポジウム 「どう変わる 私たちの住む宗谷 私たちの住む地球 稚内と南極から見つめる地球環境」

メディア報道

  • 10YearsAfter未来への分岐点
    報道 : 2020年01月
    発行元・放送局 : NHK
    番組・新聞雑誌 : NHKスペシャル
     テレビ・ラジオ番組
  • 波乱の北極カメラ回収
    報道 : 2018年09月30日
    発行元・放送局 : 日本テレビ 所さんの目がテン!
     テレビ・ラジオ番組
  • ~グリーンランドの科学~
    報道 : 2017年07月
    発行元・放送局 : 日本テレビ
    番組・新聞雑誌 : 所さんの目がテン!
     テレビ・ラジオ番組
  • とけてゆくスイス「氷河×光×地球の未来」
    報道 : 2016年02月11日
    発行元・放送局 : 北海道テレビ放送
     テレビ・ラジオ番組
  • 報道 : 2015年02月11日
    発行元・放送局 : 北海道テレビ放送
     テレビ・ラジオ番組
  • 報道 : 2014年09月19日
    発行元・放送局 : JST科学技術振興機構
    番組・新聞雑誌 : サイエンスチャンネル
     インターネットメディア
  • 「地球変動氷点下で探る」
    報道 : 2014年02月06日
    番組・新聞雑誌 : 日経新聞
     新聞・雑誌
  • 報道 : 2013年11月04日
    発行元・放送局 : 北海道テレビ
     テレビ・ラジオ番組
  • 報道 : 2013年05月19日
    発行元・放送局 : NHK
    番組・新聞雑誌 : サイエンスゼロ
     テレビ・ラジオ番組


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