研究者データベース

野村 直樹(ノムラ ナオキ)
人獣共通感染症国際共同研究所 国際展開推進部門
特任助教

基本情報

所属

  • 人獣共通感染症国際共同研究所 国際展開推進部門

職名

  • 特任助教

学位

  • 博士(獣医学)(2012年03月 北海道大学)

科研費研究者番号

  • 90897670

J-Global ID

研究活動情報

論文

  • Hirotaka Minagawa, Hirofumi Sawa, Tomoko Fujita, Shintaro Kato, Asumi Inaguma, Miwako Hirose, Yasuko Orba, Michihito Sasaki, Koshiro Tabata, Naoki Nomura, Masashi Shingai, Yasuhiko Suzuki, Katsunori Horii
    Biochemical and biophysical research communications 614 207 - 212 2022年07月23日 
    Simple, highly sensitive detection technologies for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) are crucial for the effective implementation of public health policies. We used the systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment with a modified DNA library, including a base-appended base (uracil with a guanine base at its fifth position), to create an aptamer with a high affinity for the receptor-binding domain (RBD) of the SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoprotein. The aptamer had a dissociation constant of 1.2 and < 1 nM for the RBD and spike trimer, respectively. Furthermore, enzyme-linked aptamer assays confirmed that the aptamer binds to isolated authentic SARS-CoV-2 wild-type and B.1.617.2 (delta variant). The binding signal was larger that of commercially available anti-SARS-CoV-2 RBD antibody. Thus, this aptamer as a sensing element will enable the highly sensitive detection of SARS-CoV-2.
  • Masanori Shiohara, Saori Suzuki, Shintaro Shichinohe, Hirohito Ishigaki, Misako Nakayama, Naoki Nomura, Masashi Shingai, Toshiki Sekiya, Marumi Ohno, Sayaka Iida, Naoko Kawai, Mamiko Kawahara, Junya Yamagishi, Kimihito Ito, Ryotarou Mitsumata, Tomio Ikeda, Kenji Motokawa, Tomoyoshi Sobue, Hiroshi Kida, Kazumasa Ogasawara, Yasushi Itoh
    Vaccine 40 30 4026 - 4037 2022年06月26日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The All-Japan Influenza Vaccine Study Group has been developing a more effective vaccine than the current split vaccines for seasonal influenza virus infection. In the present study, the efficacy of formalin- and/or β-propiolactone-inactivated whole virus particle vaccines for seasonal influenza was compared to that of the current ether-treated split vaccines in a nonhuman primate model. The monovalent whole virus particle vaccines or split vaccines of influenza A virus (H1N1) and influenza B virus (Victoria lineage) were injected subcutaneously into naïve cynomolgus macaques twice. The whole virus particle vaccines induced higher titers of neutralizing antibodies against H1N1 influenza A virus and influenza B virus in the plasma of macaques than did the split vaccines. At challenge with H1N1 influenza A virus or influenza B virus, the virus titers in nasal swabs and the increases in body temperatures were lower in the macaques immunized with the whole virus particle vaccine than in those immunized with the split vaccine. Repertoire analyses of immunoglobulin heavy chain genes demonstrated that the number of B-lymphocyte subclones was increased in macaques after the 1st vaccination with the whole virus particle vaccine, but not with the split vaccine, indicating that the whole virus particle vaccine induced the activation of vaccine antigen-specific B-lymphocytes more vigorously than did the split vaccine at priming. Thus, the present findings suggest that the superior antibody induction ability of the whole virus particle vaccine as compared to the split vaccine is attributable to its stimulatory properties on the subclonal differentiation of antigen-specific B-lymphocytes.
  • Chimuka Handabile, Toshiki Sekiya, Naoki Nomura, Marumi Ohno, Tomomi Kawakita, Masashi Shingai, Hiroshi Kida
    Vaccines 10 5 2022年05月19日 
    Despite the use of vaccines, seasonal influenza remains a risk to public health. We previously proposed the inactivated whole virus particle vaccine (WPV) as an alternative to the widely used split vaccine (SV) for the control of seasonal and pandemic influenza based on the superior priming potency of WPV to that of SV. In this study, we further examined and compared the immunological potency of monovalent WPV and SV of A/California/7/2009 (X-179A) (H1N1) pdm09 (CA/09) to generate immune responses against heterologous viruses, A/Singapore/GP1908/2015 (IVR-180) (H1N1) pdm09 (SG/15), and A/duck/Hokkaido/Vac-3/2007 (H5N1) (DH/07) in mice. Following challenge with a lethal dose of heterologous SG/15, lower virus titer in the lungs and milder weight loss were observed in WPV-vaccinated mice than in SV-vaccinated ones. To investigate the factors responsible for the differences in the protective effect against SG/15, the sera of vaccinated mice were analyzed by hemagglutination-inhibition (HI) and neuraminidase-inhibition (NI) assays to evaluate the antibodies induced against viral hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA), respectively. While the two vaccines induced similar levels of HI antibodies against SG/15 after the second vaccination, only WPV-vaccinated mice induced significantly higher titers of NI antibodies against the strain. Furthermore, given the significant elevation of NI antibody titers against DH/07, an H5N1 avian influenza virus, WPV was also demonstrated to induce NA-inhibiting antibodies that recognize NA of divergent strains. This could be explained by the higher conservation of epitopes of NA among strains than for HA. Taking these findings together, NA-specific antibodies induced by WPV may have contributed to better protection from infection with heterologous influenza virus SG/15, compared with SV. The present results indicate that WPV is an effective vaccine for inducing antibodies against both HA and NA of heterologous viruses and may be a useful vaccine to conquer vaccine strain mismatch.
  • Marumi Ohno, Akemi Kakino, Toshiki Sekiya, Naoki Nomura, Masashi Shingai, Tatsuya Sawamura, Hiroshi Kida
    Scientific Reports 11 1 2021年12月 
    AbstractAlthough coagulation abnormalities, including microvascular thrombosis, are thought to contribute to tissue injury and single- or multiple-organ dysfunction in severe influenza, the detailed mechanisms have yet been clarified. This study evaluated influenza-associated abnormal blood coagulation utilizing a severe influenza mouse model. After infecting C57BL/6 male mice with intranasal applications of 500 plaque-forming units of influenza virus A/Puerto Rico/8/34 (H1N1; PR8), an elevated serum level of prothrombin fragment 1 + 2, an indicator for activated thrombin generation, was observed. Also, an increased gene expression of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor-1 (Olr1), a key molecule in endothelial dysfunction in the progression of atherosclerosis, was detected in the aorta of infected mice. Body weight decrease, serum levels of cytokines and chemokines, viral load, and inflammation in the lungs of infected animals were similar between wild-type and Olr1 knockout (KO) mice. In contrast, the elevation of prothrombin fragment 1 + 2 levels in the sera and intravascular thrombosis in the lungs by PR8 virus infection were not induced in KO mice. Collectively, the results indicated that OLR1 is a critical host factor in intravascular thrombosis as a pathogeny of severe influenza. Thus, OLR1 is a promising novel therapeutic target for thrombosis during severe influenza.
  • Masashi Shingai, Naoki Nomura, Toshiki Sekiya, Marumi Ohno, Daisuke Fujikura, Chimuka Handabile, Ryosuke Omori, Yuki Ohara, Tomohiro Nishimura, Masafumi Endo, Kazuhiko Kimachi, Ryotarou Mitsumata, Tomio Ikeda, Hiroki Kitayama, Hironori Hatanaka, Tomoyoshi Sobue, Fumihito Muro, Saori Suzuki, Cong Thanh Nguyen, Hirohito Ishigaki, Misako Nakayama, Yuya Mori, Yasushi Itoh, Marios Koutsakos, Brendon Y Chua, Katherine Kedzierska, Lorena E Brown, David C Jackson, Kazumasa Ogasawara, Yoichiro Kino, Hiroshi Kida
    Vaccine 39 29 3940 - 3951 2021年06月29日 
    Current detergent or ether-disrupted split vaccines (SVs) for influenza do not always induce adequate immune responses, especially in young children. This contrasts with the whole virus particle vaccines (WPVs) originally used against influenza that were immunogenic in both adults and children but were replaced by SV in the 1970s due to concerns with reactogenicity. In this study, we re-evaluated the immunogenicity of WPV and SV, prepared from the same batch of purified influenza virus, in cynomolgus macaques and confirmed that WPV is superior to SV in priming potency. In addition, we compared the ability of WPV and SV to induce innate immune responses, including the maturation of dendritic cells (DCs) in vitro. WPV stimulated greater production of inflammatory cytokines and type-I interferon in immune cells from mice and macaques compared to SV. Since these innate responses are likely triggered by the activation of pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) by viral RNA, the quantity and quality of viral RNA in each vaccine were assessed. Although the quantity of viral RNA was similar in the two vaccines, the amount of viral RNA of a length that can be recognized by PRRs was over 100-fold greater in WPV than in SV. More importantly, 1000-fold more viral RNA was delivered to DCs by WPV than by SV when exposed to preparations containing the same amount of HA protein. Furthermore, WPV induced up-regulation of the DC maturation marker CD86 on murine DCs, while SV did not. The present results suggest that the activation of antigen-presenting DCs, by PRR-recognizable viral RNA contained in WPV is responsible for the effective priming potency of WPV observed in naïve mice and macaques. WPV is thus recommended as an alternative option for seasonal influenza vaccines, especially for children.
  • Naoki Nomura, Keita Matsuno, Masashi Shingai, Marumi Ohno, Toshiki Sekiya, Ryosuke Omori, Yoshihiro Sakoda, Robert G Webster, Hiroshi Kida
    Virology 557 55 - 61 2021年05月 
    Genetic reassortment of influenza A viruses through cross-species transmission contributes to the generation of pandemic influenza viruses. To provide information on the ecology of influenza viruses, we have been conducting a global surveillance of zoonotic influenza and establishing an influenza virus library. Of 4580 influenza virus strains in the library, 3891 have been isolated from over 70 different bird species. The remaining 689 strains were isolated from humans, pigs, horses, seal, whale, and the environment. Phylogenetic analyses of the HA genes of the library isolates demonstrate that the library strains are distributed to all major known clusters of the H1, H2 and H3 subtypes of HA genes that are prevalent in humans. Since past pandemic influenza viruses are most likely genetic reassortants of zoonotic and seasonal influenza viruses, a vast collection of influenza A virus strains from various hosts should be useful for vaccine preparation and diagnosis for future pandemics.
  • Hirotaka Hayashi, Norikazu Isoda, Enkhbold Bazarragchaa, Naoki Nomura, Keita Matsuno, Masatoshi Okamatsu, Hiroshi Kida, Yoshihiro Sakoda
    Vaccines 8 4 2020年12月16日 
    H4 influenza viruses have been isolated from birds across the world. In recent years, an H4 influenza virus infection has been confirmed in pigs. Pigs play an important role in the transmission of influenza viruses to human hosts. Therefore, it is important to develop a new vaccine in the case of an H4 influenza virus infection in humans, considering that this virus has a different antigenicity from seasonal human influenza viruses. In this study, after selecting vaccine candidate strains based on their antigenic relation to one of the pig isolates, A/swine/Missouri/A01727926/2015 (H4N6) (MO/15), an inactivated whole-particle vaccine was prepared from A/swan/Hokkaido/481102/2017 (H4N6). This vaccine showed high immunogenicity in mice, and the antibody induced by the vaccine showed high cross-reactivity to the MO/15 virus. This vaccine induced sufficient neutralizing antibodies and mitigated the effects of an MO/15 infection in a mouse model. This study is the first to suggest that an inactivated whole-particle vaccine prepared from an influenza virus isolated from wild birds is an effective countermeasure in case of a future influenza pandemic caused by the H4 influenza virus.
  • Marios Koutsakos, Toshiki Sekiya, Brendon Y Chua, Thi Hoang Oanh Nguyen, Adam K Wheatley, Jennifer A Juno, Marumi Ohno, Naoki Nomura, Yuki Ohara, Tomohiro Nishimura, Masafumi Endo, Saori Suzuki, Hirohito Ishigaki, Misako Nakayama, Cong T Nguyen, Yasushi Itoh, Masashi Shingai, Kazumasa Ogasawara, Yoichiro Kino, Stephen J Kent, David C Jackson, Lorena E Brown, Hiroshi Kida, Katherine Kedzierska
    Immunology and cell biology 2020年08月01日 
    Influenza remains a significant global public health burden, despite substantial annual vaccination efforts against circulating virus strains. As a result, novel vaccine approaches are needed to generate long-lasting and universal broadly cross-reactive immunity against distinct influenza virus strains and subtypes. Several new vaccine candidates are currently under development and/or in clinical trials. The successful development of new vaccines requires testing in animal models, other than mice, which capture the complexity of the human immune system. Importantly, following vaccination or challenge, the assessment of adaptive immunity at the antigen-specific level is particularly informative. In this study, using peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from cynomolgus macaques, we describe detection methods and in-depth analyses of influenza virus-specific B cells by recombinant hemagglutinin probes and flow cytometry, as well as the detection of influenza virus-specific CD8+ and CD4+ T cells by stimulation with live influenza A virus and intracellular cytokine staining. We highlight the potential of these assays to be used with PBMCs from other macaque species, including rhesus macaques, pigtail macaques and African green monkeys. We also demonstrate the use of a human cytometric bead array kit in detecting inflammatory cytokines and chemokines from cynomolgus macaques to assess cytokine/chemokine milieu. Overall, the detection of influenza virus-specific B and T cells, together with inflammatory responses, as described in our study, provides useful insights for evaluating novel influenza vaccines. Our data deciphering immune responses toward influenza viruses can be also adapted to understanding immunity to other infections or vaccination approaches in macaque models.
  • Marumi Ohno, Toshiki Sekiya, Naoki Nomura, Taku Ji Daito, Masashi Shingai, Hiroshi Kida
    Scientific reports 10 1 10879 - 10879 2020年07月02日 
    Although the severity of influenza virus infections has been associated with host energy metabolism, the related mechanisms have not yet been clarified. Here we examined the effects of influenza virus infection on host energy metabolism in mice. After infecting mice with intranasal applications of 500 plaque-forming units of A/Puerto Rico/8/34 (H1N1; PR8) virus, the serum levels of most intermediates in the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle and related metabolic pathways were significantly reduced. These data suggest that substrate supply to the TCA cycle is reduced under these conditions, rather than specific metabolic reactions being inhibited. Then, we focused on glucose and fatty acid metabolism that supply substrates to the TCA cycle. Akt phosphorylation following insulin injections was attenuated in the livers of PR8 virus-infected mice. Furthermore, glucose tolerance tests revealed that the PR8 virus-infected mice showed higher blood glucose levels than the vehicle-inoculated control mice. These results suggest that influenza virus infection impairs insulin signaling, which regulates glucose uptake. However, increases in the hepatic expressions of fatty acid-metabolizing enzymes suggest that fatty acids accumulate in liver cells of infected mice. Collectively, our data indicate that influenza virus infection dysregulates host energy metabolism. This line of investigation provides novel insights into the pathogenesis of influenza.
  • Toshiki Sekiya, Edin J Mifsud, Marumi Ohno, Naoki Nomura, Mayumi Sasada, Daisuke Fujikura, Takuji Daito, Masashi Shingai, Yuki Ohara, Tomohiro Nishimura, Masafumi Endo, Ryotarou Mitsumata, Tomio Ikeda, Hironori Hatanaka, Hiroki Kitayama, Kenji Motokawa, Tomoyoshi Sobue, Saori Suzuki, Yasushi Itoh, Lorena E Brown, Kazumasa Ogasawara, Yoichiro Kino, Hiroshi Kida
    Vaccine 37 15 2158 - 2166 2019年04月03日 
    In contrast to current ether- or detergent-disrupted "split" vaccines (SVs) for influenza, inactivated whole influenza virus particle vaccines (WPVs) retain the original virus structure and components and as such may confer similar immunity to natural infection. In a collaboration between academia and industry, the potential of WPV as a new seasonal influenza vaccine was investigated. Each of the four seasonal influenza vaccine manufacturers in Japan prepared WPVs and SVs from the same batches of purified influenza virus. Both mice and monkeys vaccinated with the WPVs exhibited superior immune responses to those vaccinated with the corresponding SVs. Vaccination with A/California/07/2009 (H1N1) WPV enabled mice to survive a lethal challenge dose of homologous virus whereas those vaccinated with SV succumbed to infection within 6 days. Furthermore, mice vaccinated with WPV induced substantial numbers of multifunctional CD8+ T cells, important for control of antigenically drifted influenza virus strains. In addition, cytokines and chemokines were detected at early time points in the sera of mice vaccinated with WPV but not in those animals vaccinated with SV. These results indicate that WPVs induce enhanced innate and adaptive immune responses compared to equivalent doses of SVs. Notably, WPV at one fifth of the dose of SV was able to induce potent immunity with limited production of IL-6, one of the pyrogenic cytokines. We thus propose that WPVs with balanced immunogenicity and safety may set a new global standard for seasonal influenza vaccines.
  • Masanori Kobayashi, Makoto Kodama, Takeshi Noshi, Ryu Yoshida, Takushi Kanazu, Naoki Nomura, Kosuke Soda, Norikazu Isoda, Masatoshi Okamatsu, Yoshihiro Sakoda, Yoshinori Yamano, Akihiko Sato, Hiroshi Kida
    Antiviral research 139 41 - 48 2017年03月 
    High morbidity and mortality associated with human cases of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses, including H5N1 influenza virus, have been reported. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the antiviral effects of peramivir against HPAI viruses. In neuraminidase (NA) inhibition and virus replication inhibition assays, peramivir showed strong inhibitory activity against H5N1, H7N1 and H7N7 HPAI viruses with sub-nanomolar activity in enzyme assays. In H5N1 viruses containing the NA H275Y mutation, the antiviral activity of peramivir against the variant was lower than that against the wild-type. Evaluation of the in vivo antiviral activity showed that a single intravenous treatment of peramivir (10 mg/kg) prevented lethality in mice infected with wild-type H5N1 virus and also following infection with H5N1 virus with the H275Y mutation after a 5 day administration of peramivir (30 mg/kg). Furthermore, mice injected with peramivir showed low viral titers and low levels of proinflammatory cytokines in the lungs. These results suggest that peramivir has therapeutic activity against HPAI viruses even if the virus harbors the NA H275Y mutation.
  • Ryuhei Hayashi, Yuki Ishikawa, Yuzuru Sasamoto, Ryosuke Katori, Naoki Nomura, Tatsuya Ichikawa, Saori Araki, Takeshi Soma, Satoshi Kawasaki, Kiyotoshi Sekiguchi, Andrew J Quantock, Motokazu Tsujikawa, Kohji Nishida
    Nature 531 7594 376 - 80 2016年03月17日 
    The eye is a complex organ with highly specialized constituent tissues derived from different primordial cell lineages. The retina, for example, develops from neuroectoderm via the optic vesicle, the corneal epithelium is descended from surface ectoderm, while the iris and collagen-rich stroma of the cornea have a neural crest origin. Recent work with pluripotent stem cells in culture has revealed a previously under-appreciated level of intrinsic cellular self-organization, with a focus on the retina and retinal cells. Moreover, we and others have demonstrated the in vitro induction of a corneal epithelial cell phenotype from pluripotent stem cells. These studies, however, have a single, tissue-specific focus and fail to reflect the complexity of whole eye development. Here we demonstrate the generation from human induced pluripotent stem cells of a self-formed ectodermal autonomous multi-zone (SEAM) of ocular cells. In some respects the concentric SEAM mimics whole-eye development because cell location within different zones is indicative of lineage, spanning the ocular surface ectoderm, lens, neuro-retina, and retinal pigment epithelium. It thus represents a promising resource for new and ongoing studies of ocular morphogenesis. The approach also has translational potential and to illustrate this we show that cells isolated from the ocular surface ectodermal zone of the SEAM can be sorted and expanded ex vivo to form a corneal epithelium that recovers function in an experimentally induced animal model of corneal blindness.
  • Masatoshi Okamatsu, Tatsuya Nishi, Naoki Nomura, Naoki Yamamoto, Yoshihiro Sakoda, Kenji Sakurai, Huy Duc Chu, Long Pham Thanh, Long Van Nguyen, Nam Van Hoang, Tien Ngoc Tien, Reiko Yoshida, Ayato Takada, Hiroshi Kida
    Virus genes 47 2 317 - 29 2013年10月 
    To estimate the prevalence of avian influenza virus infection in Vietnam, surveillance was conducted in domestic and wild birds from households, live-bird markets, slaughtering sites, and bird sanctuaries in Vietnam between October 2010 and October 2012. Of the 4,550 samples collected, 226 influenza A virus isolates were obtained from domestic ducks, muscovy ducks, and chickens. Of these, 25 and 22 H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses (HPAIVs) were isolated from apparently healthy domestic ducks in live-bird markets and slaughtering sites in northern and southern Vietnam, respectively. The HA genes of H5 viruses isolated from birds in northern Vietnam phylogenetically belonged to the genetic clade 2.3.2.1 and those in southern Vietnam belonged to the genetic clade 1.1. In addition, 39 H3, 12 H4, 1 H5, 93 H6, 2 H7, 18 H9, 3 H10, and 11 H11 viruses were isolated. Phylogenetic and antigenic analyses of the H6 and H9 viruses revealed that they were closely related to the isolates obtained from domestic poultry in China. Phylogenetic analyses of internal gene segments of these isolates revealed that these viruses were circulating in both domestic and wild birds in Asia and reassortment events had occurred frequently. Therefore, it will be important to continue the surveillance and strict controls over the movement and trade of poultry and poultry products in order to eradicate H5N1 HPAIV from Asia.
  • Naoki Nomura, Yoshihiro Sakoda, Kosuke Soda, Masatoshi Okamatsu, Hiroshi Kida
    The Journal of veterinary medical science 74 4 441 - 7 2012年04月 
    H9N2 influenza viruses circulate in wild birds and poultry in Eurasian countries, and have been isolated from pigs and humans in China. H9N2 viruses isolated from birds, pigs and humans have been classified into three sublineages based on antigenic and genetic features. Chicken antisera to H9N2 viruses of the Korean sublineage reacted with viruses of different sublineages by the hemagglutination-inhibition test. A test vaccine prepared from a non-pathogenic A/duck/Hokkaido/49/1998 (H9N2) strain of the Korean sublineage, obtained from our influenza virus library, induced immunity in mice to reduce the impact of disease caused by the challenge with A/Hong Kong/1073/1999 (H9N2), which is of a different sublineage. The present results indicate that an inactivated whole virus vaccine prepared from a non-pathogenic influenza virus from the library could be used as an emergency vaccine during the early stage of a pandemic caused by H9N2 infection.
  • Yoshihiro Sakoda, Hiroshi Ito, Yuko Uchida, Masatoshi Okamatsu, Naoki Yamamoto, Kosuke Soda, Naoki Nomura, Saya Kuribayashi, Shintaro Shichinohe, Yuji Sunden, Takashi Umemura, Tatsufumi Usui, Hiroichi Ozaki, Tsuyoshi Yamaguchi, Toshiyuki Murase, Toshihiro Ito, Takehiko Saito, Ayato Takada, Hiroshi Kida
    The Journal of general virology 93 Pt 3 541 - 550 2012年03月 
    H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) was reintroduced and caused outbreaks in chickens in the 2010-2011 winter season in Japan, which had been free from highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) since 2007 when HPAI outbreaks occurred and were controlled. On 14 October 2010 at Lake Ohnuma, Wakkanai, the northernmost part of Hokkaido, Japan, H5N1 HPAIVs were isolated from faecal samples of ducks flying from their nesting lakes in Siberia. Since then, in Japan, H5N1 HPAIVs have been isolated from 63 wild birds in 17 prefectures and caused HPAI outbreaks in 24 chicken farms in nine prefectures by the end of March in 2011. Each of these isolates was genetically closely related to the HPAIV isolates at Lake Ohnuma, and those in China, Mongolia, Russia and Korea, belonging to genetic clade 2.3.2.1. In addition, these isolates were genetically classified into three groups, suggesting that the viruses were transmitted by migratory water birds through at least three different routes from their northern territory to Japan. These isolates were antigenic variants, which is consistent with selection in poultry under the immunological pressure induced by vaccination. To prevent the perpetuation of viruses in the lakes where water birds nest in summer in Siberia, prompt eradication of HPAIVs in poultry is urgently needed in Asian countries where HPAI has not been controlled.
  • Naoki Nomura, Yoshihiro Sakoda, Mayumi Endo, Hiromi Yoshida, Naoki Yamamoto, Masatoshi Okamatsu, Kenji Sakurai, Nam Van Hoang, Long Van Nguyen, Huy Duc Chu, Tien Ngoc Tien, Hiroshi Kida
    Archives of virology 157 2 247 - 57 2012年02月 
    In the surveillance of avian influenza in Vietnam, 26 H9N2, 1 H3N2, 1 H3N8, 7 H4N6, 3 H11N3, and 1 H11N9 viruses were isolated from tracheal and cloacal swab samples of 300 domestic ducks in April 2009, and 1 H9N6 virus from 300 bird samples in March 2010. Out of the 27 H9 virus isolates, the hemagglutinins of 18 strains were genetically classified as belonging to the sublineage G1, and the other nine belonged to the Korean sublineage. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that one of the 27 H9 viruses was a reassortant in which the PB2 gene belonged to the Korean sublineage and the other seven genes belonged to the G1 sublineage. Three representative H9N2 viruses were intranasally inoculated into ducks, chickens, pigs, and mice. On the basis of experimental infection studies, it was found that each of the three viruses readily infected pigs and replicated in their upper respiratory tracts, and they infected chickens with slight replication. Viruses were recovered from the lungs of mice inoculated with two of the three isolates. The present results reveal that H9 avian influenza viruses are prevailing and genetic reassortment occurs among domestic ducks in Vietnam. It is recommended that careful surveillance of swine influenza with H9 viruses should be performed to prepare for pandemic influenza.
  • Naoki Nomura, Yoshihiro Sakoda, Kosuke Soda, Masatoshi Okamatsu, Hiroshi Kida
    INFLUENZA AND OTHER RESPIRATORY VIRUSES 5 363 - 366 2011年05月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Rozanah Asmah Abdul Samad, Naoki Nomura, Yoshimi Tsuda, Rashid Manzoor, Masahiro Kajihara, Daisuke Tomabechi, Takashi Sasaki, Norihide Kokumai, Toshiaki Ohgitani, Masatoshi Okamatsu, Ayato Takada, Yoshihiro Sakoda, Hiroshi Kida
    The Japanese journal of veterinary research 59 1 23 - 9 2011年02月 
    Inactivated influenza virus vaccine prepared from a non-pathogenic influenza virus strain A/duck/Hokkaido/Vac-1/2004 (H5N1) from the virus library conferred protective immunity to chickens against the challenge of antigenically drifted highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV), A/whooper swan/Hokkaido/1/2008 (H5N1). The efficacy of the vaccine was comparable to that prepared from genetically modified HPAIV strain deltaRRRRK rg-A/ whooper swan/Mongolia/3/2005 (H5N1), which is more antigenically related to the challenge virus strain, in chickens.
  • Rashid Manzoor, Yoshihiro Sakoda, Naoki Nomura, Yoshimi Tsuda, Hiroichi Ozaki, Masatoshi Okamatsu, Hiroshi Kida
    Journal of virology 83 4 1572 - 8 2009年02月 
    It has been shown that not all but most of the avian influenza viruses replicate in the upper respiratory tract of pigs (H. Kida et al., J. Gen. Virol. 75:2183-2188, 1994). It was shown that A/chicken/Yamaguchi/7/2004 (H5N1) [Ck/Yamaguchi/04 (H5N1)] did not replicate in pigs (N. Isoda et al., Arch. Virol. 151:1267-1279, 2006). In the present study, the genetic basis for this host range restriction was determined using reassortant viruses generated between Ck/Yamaguchi/04 (H5N1) and A/swine/Hokkaido/2/1981 (H1N1) [Sw/Hokkaido/81 (H1N1)]. Two in vivo-generated single-gene reassortant virus clones of the H5N1 subtype (virus clones 1 and 2), whose PB2 gene was of Sw/Hokkaido/81 (H1N1) origin and whose remaining seven genes were of Ck/Yamaguchi/04 (H5N1) origin, were recovered from the experimentally infected pigs. The replicative potential of virus clones 1 and 2 was further confirmed by using reassortant virus (rg-Ck-Sw/PB2) generated by reverse genetics. Interestingly, the PB2 gene of Ck/Yamaguchi/04 (H5N1) did not restrict the replication of Sw/Hokkaido/81 (H1N1), as determined by using reassortant virus rg-Sw-Ck/PB2. The rg-Sw-Ck/PB2 virus replicated to moderate levels and for a shorter duration than parental Sw/Hokkaido/81 (H1N1). Sequencing of two isolates recovered from the pigs inoculated with rg-Sw-Ck/PB2 revealed either the D256G or the E627K amino acid substitution in the PB2 proteins of the isolates. The D256G and E627K mutations enhanced viral polymerase activity in the mammalian cells, correlating with replication of virus in pigs. These results indicate that the PB2 protein restricts the growth of Ck/Yamaguchi/04 (H5N1) in pigs.
  • Wataru Motomura, Takayuki Yoshizaki, Katsuki Ohtani, Toshikatsu Okumura, Mituko Fukuda, Jun Fukuzawa, Kenichiro Mori, Seong-Jae Jang, Naoki Nomura, Itsuro Yoshida, Yasuhiko Suzuki, Yutaka Kohgo, Nobutaka Wakamiya
    The journal of histochemistry and cytochemistry : official journal of the Histochemistry Society 56 3 243 - 52 2008年03月 
    We have recently identified a novel collectin, CL-K1, that may play a role in innate immunity as a member of the collectin family. In this study using mice, we investigated the tissue distribution of CL-K1 for better understanding of its pathophysiological relevance. Real-time PCR analyses demonstrated that CL-K1 mRNA was expressed in all tissues tested. Immunohistochemical analyses demonstrated that CL-K1 was expressed in proximal tubules of kidney, in mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract, and in bronchial glands of bronchioles similar to the localization of SP-A and SP-D in these pulmonary structures. Immunohistochemistry also showed that CL-K1 was highly expressed in hepatocytes around the central veins in liver, which suggests that murine CL-K1 may be mainly produced in the liver and secreted into the blood stream as is human CL-K1. CL-K1 was especially detected in vascular smooth muscle in several types of tissues. In addition, it was also expressed in intestinal Paneth cells, in mesangial cells of kidney, in pancreatic islet D cells, and in neurons of the brain. It is of interest that this profile of CL-K1 expression is unique among the collectins. Together these histological findings may be useful for understanding the biological function of this novel collectin.

その他活動・業績

  • Toshiki Sekiya, Marumi Ohno, Naoki Nomura, Chimuka Handabile, Masashi Shingai, David C. Jackson, Lorena E. Brown, Hiroshi Kida Viruses 13 (6) 2021年06月 
    Despite seasonal influenza vaccines having been routinely used for many decades, influenza A virus continues to pose a global threat to humans, causing high morbidity and mortality each year. The effectiveness of the vaccine is largely dependent on how well matched the vaccine strains are with the circulating influenza virus strains. Furthermore, low vaccine efficacy in naïve populations such as young children, or in the elderly, who possess weakened immune systems, indicates that influenza vaccines need to be more personalized to provide broader community protection. Advances in both vaccine technologies and our understanding of influenza virus infection and immunity have led to the design of a variety of alternate vaccine strategies to extend population protection against influenza, some of which are now in use. In this review, we summarize the progress in the field of influenza vaccines, including the advantages and disadvantages of different strategies, and discuss future prospects. We also highlight some of the challenges to be faced in the ongoing effort to control influenza through vaccination.
  • 野村直樹, 新開大史, 松野啓太, 関屋俊輝, 関屋俊輝, 大野円実, 磯田典和, 迫田義博, 喜田宏, 喜田宏 日本獣医学会学術集会講演要旨集 164th (CD-ROM) 2021年


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