研究者データベース

石塚 敏(イシヅカ サトシ)
農学研究院 基盤研究部門 生物機能化学分野
教授

基本情報

所属

  • 農学研究院 基盤研究部門 生物機能化学分野

職名

  • 教授

学位

  • 博士(農学)(1998年03月 北海道大学)
  • 修士(農学)(1993年03月 北海道大学)

ホームページURL

J-Global ID

研究キーワード

  • 非感染性疾患   栄養生化学   未病   代謝性疾患   生活習慣病   メタボリックシンドローム   炎症性腸疾患   

研究分野

  • ライフサイエンス / 病態医化学
  • ライフサイエンス / 栄養学、健康科学
  • ライフサイエンス / 食品科学

職歴

  • 2019年04月 - 現在 北海道大学大学院 農学研究院 教授
  • 2007年04月 - 2019年03月 北海道大学大学院 農学研究院 准教授
  • 2005年06月 - 2007年03月 北海道大学大学院 農学研究科 助教授
  • 2003年08月 - 2005年05月 北海道大学大学院 農学研究科 講師
  • 1999年04月 - 2003年08月 北海道大学大学院 農学研究科 助手
  • 2000年12月 - 2001年05月 University of Newcastle upon Tyne 客員研究員
  • 2000年06月 - 2000年11月 Paterson Institute for Cancer Research 客員研究員
  • 1994年12月 - 1999年03月 北海道大学農学部 助手

学歴

  • 1993年04月 - 1994年11月   北海道大学大学院   農学研究科   農芸化学専攻 博士課程
  • 1991年04月 - 1993年03月   北海道大学大学院   農学研究科   畜産学専攻 修士課程
  • 1987年04月 - 1991年03月   北海道大学   農学部   畜産学科

所属学協会

  • American Society for Nutrition   日本分子生物学会   Hindgut Club Japan   日本栄養・食糧学会   日本農芸化学会   

研究活動情報

論文

  • Ja-Young Lee, Hidehisa Shimizu, Masahito Hagio, Satoru Fukiya, Masamichi Watanabe, Yasutake Tanaka, Ga-Hyun Joe, Hitoshi Iwaya, Reika Yoshitsugu, Keidai Kikuchi, Misaki Tsuji, Nanako Baba, Takuma Nose, Koji Tada, Taketo Hanai, Shota Hori, Akari Takeuchi, Yumiko Furukawa, Bungo Shirouchi, Masao Sato, Tadasuke Ooka, Yoshitoshi Ogura, Tetsuya Hayashi, Atsushi Yokota, Satoshi Ishizuka
    Biochimica et biophysica acta. Molecular and cell biology of lipids 1865 158811 - 158811 2020年09月04日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    There is an increasing need to explore the mechanism of the progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Steroid metabolism is closely linked to hepatic steatosis and steroids are excreted as bile acids (BAs). Here, we demonstrated that feeding WKAH/HkmSlc inbred rats a diet supplemented with cholic acid (CA) at 0.5 g/kg for 13 weeks induced simple steatosis without obesity. Liver triglyceride and cholesterol levels were increased accompanied by mild elevation of aminotransferase activities. There were no signs of inflammation, insulin resistance, oxidative stress, or fibrosis. CA supplementation increased levels of CA and taurocholic acid (TCA) in enterohepatic circulation and deoxycholic acid (DCA) levels in cecum with an increased ratio of 12α-hydroxylated BAs to non-12α-hydroxylated BAs. Analyses of hepatic gene expression revealed no apparent feedback control of BA and cholesterol biosynthesis. CA feeding induced dysbiosis in cecal microbiota with enrichment of DCA producers, which underlines the increased cecal DCA levels. The mechanism of steatosis was increased expression of Srebp1 (positive regulator of liver lipogenesis) through activation of the liver X receptor by increased oxysterols in the CA-fed rats, especially 4β-hydroxycholesterol (4βOH) formed by upregulated expression of hepatic Cyp3a2, responsible for 4βOH formation. Multiple regression analyses identified portal TCA and cecal DCA as positive predictors for liver 4βOH levels. The possible mechanisms linking these predictors and upregulated expression of Cyp3a2 are discussed. Overall, our observations highlight the role of 12α-hydroxylated BAs in triggering liver lipogenesis and allow us to explore the mechanisms of hepatic steatosis onset, focusing on cholesterol and BA metabolism.
  • Tomoko Shimoda, Shota Hori, Kenta Maegawa, Akari Takeuchi, Yeonmi Lee, Ga-Hyun Joe, Yasutake Tanaka, Hidehisa Shimizu, Satoshi Ishizuka
    Lipids in health and disease 19 1 137 - 137 2020年06月16日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    BACKGROUND: Inbred strains are characterized by less genetic variation, which suggests usefulness of inbred strains for evaluations of various parameters. In this study, experimental reproducibility in several parameters was compared between an outbred Wistar rat and Wistar King A Hokkaido (WKAH/HkmSlc) rat, the inbred strain that is originated from Wistar rats. METHODS: Difference of variations was investigated in parameters of body compositions and liver functions such as body weight, liver weight, liver triglycerides (TG), liver cholesterol and plasma alanine aminotransferase activity (ALT) between WKAH rats and outbred Wistar rats by using the coefficient of variation (CV). RESULTS: There was no difference in the CVs of body weight and relative liver weight between WKAH and Wistar rats. The CVs of body weight and relative liver weight were below 10% in both WKAH and Wistar rats. The CVs of TG, cholesterol, and ALT in Wistar rats were between 30 and 40%, whereas those in WKAH rats were between 10 and 25%. A low CV level of TG was observed in WKAH rats compared to that in Wistar rats regardless of the duration of the experimental period in those rat strains. CONCLUSION: The low CV values in metabolic parameters involved in liver functions in the inbred rats suggested an advantage of using inbred rather than outbred rats for the evaluation of liver lipid metabolism.
  • Nobuhiro Hashimoto, Isao Matsui, Satoshi Ishizuka, Kazunori Inoue, Ayumi Matsumoto, Karin Shimada, Shota Hori, Dong Geun Lee, Seiichi Yasuda, Yusuke Katsuma, Sachio Kajimoto, Yohei Doi, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Keiichi Kubota, Tatsufumi Oka, Yusuke Sakaguchi, Yoshitsugu Takabatake, Takayuki Hamano, Yoshitaka Isaka
    Kidney international 97 6 1164 - 1180 2020年06月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Phosphate/calcium homeostasis is crucial for health maintenance. Lithocholic acid, a bile acid produced by intestinal bacteria, is an agonist of vitamin D receptor. However, its effects on phosphate/calcium homeostasis remain unclear. Here, we demonstrated that lithocholic acid increases intestinal phosphate/calcium absorption in an enterocyte vitamin D receptor-dependent manner. Lithocholic acid was found to increase serum phosphate/calcium levels and thus to exacerbate vascular calcification in animals with chronic kidney disease. Lithocholic acid did not affect levels of intestinal sodium-dependent phosphate transport protein 2b, Pi transporter-1, -2, or transient receptor potential vanilloid subfamily member 6. Everted gut sac analyses demonstrated that lithocholic acid increased phosphate/calcium absorption in a transcellular pathway-independent manner. Lithocholic acid suppressed intestinal mucosal claudin 3 and occludin in wild-type mice, but not in vitamin D receptor knockout mice. Everted gut sacs of claudin 3 knockout mice showed an increased permeability for phosphate, but not calcium. In patients with chronic kidney disease, serum 1,25(OH)2 vitamin D levels are decreased, probably as an intrinsic adjustment to reduce phosphate/calcium burden. In contrast, serum and fecal lithocholic acid levels and fecal levels of bile acid 7α-dehydratase, a rate-limiting enzyme involved in lithocholic acid production, were not downregulated. The effects of lithocholic acid were eliminated by bile acid adsorptive resin in mice. Thus, lithocholic acid and claudin 3 may represent novel therapeutic targets for reducing phosphate burden.
  • Shota Hori, Takayuki Abe, Dong Geun Lee, Satoru Fukiya, Atsushi Yokota, Nao Aso, Bungo Shirouchi, Masao Sato, Satoshi Ishizuka
    The Journal of nutritional biochemistry 83 108412 - 108412 2020年05月20日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    High-fat (HF) diet induces hepatic steatosis that is a risk factor for noncommunicable diseases such as obesity, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Previously, we found that HF feeding in rats increases the excretion of fecal bile acids (BAs), specifically 12α-hydroxylated (12αOH) BAs. Although the liver is the metabolic center in our body, the association between hepatic steatosis and 12αOH BAs in HF-fed rats is unclear. Thus, we investigated extensively BA composition in HF-fed rats and evaluated the association between hepatic steatosis and 12αOH BAs. Acclimated male inbred WKAH/HkmSlc rats were divided into two groups and fed either control or HF diet for 8 weeks. Feeding HF diet increased hepatic triglyceride and total cholesterol concentrations, which correlated positively with 12αOH BAs concentrations but not with non-12αOH BAs in the feces, portal plasma and liver. Accompanied by the increase in 12αOH BAs, the rats fed HF diet showed increased fat absorption and higher mRNA expression of liver Cidea. The enhancement of 12αOH BA secretion may contribute to hepatic steatosis by the promotion of dietary fat absorption and hepatic Cidea mRNA expression. The increase in 12αOH BAs was associated with enhanced liver cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase (Cyp7a1) and sterol 12α-hydroxylase (Cyp8b1) mRNA expression. There was a significant increase in 7α-hydroxycholesterol, a precursor of BAs, in the liver of HF-fed rats. Altogether, these data suggest that the HF diet increases preferentially 12αOH BAs synthesis by utilizing the accumulated hepatic cholesterol and enhancing mRNA expression of Cyp7a1 and Cyp8b1 in the liver.
  • Siddabasave Gowda B Gowda, Zi-Jun Gao, Zhen Chen, Takayuki Abe, Shota Hori, Satoru Fukiya, Satoshi Ishizuka, Atsushi Yokota, Hitoshi Chiba, Shu-Ping Hui
    Analytical sciences 36 7 821 - 828 2020年01月17日 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Yoshitsugu R, Kikuchi K, Hori S, Iwaya H, Hagio M, Shimizu H, Hira T, Ishizuka S
    Lipids in Health and Disease 19 1 9 - 9 2020年01月15日 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    BACKGROUND: Previously, we found a significant relationship in a rat study between energy intake and bile acid (BA) metabolism especially 12α-hydroxylated (12αOH) BAs. The present study was designed to reveal relationships among BA metabolism, glucose tolerance, and cecal organic acids in rats fed a high-fat and high-sucrose diet (HFS) by using multivariate and multiple regression analyses in two types of glucose tolerance tests (GTTs). METHODS: Male WKAH/HkmSlc rats were fed with a control or a HFS for 13 weeks. Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test (IPGTT) were performed at week 9 and 11, respectively. BAs were analyzed by using ultra high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Organic acid concentrations in cecal contents were analyzed by using ultra high-performance liquid chromatography with post-column pH buffered electric conductivity method. RESULTS: A positive correlation of aortic 12αOH BA concentration was observed with energy intake and visceral adipose tissue weight. We found that an increase of 12αOH BAs in enterohepatic circulation, intestinal contents and feces in the HFS-fed rats compared to those in control rats regardless of no significant increase of total BA concentration in the feces in the test period. Fecal 12αOH BA concentration was positively correlated with maximal insulin level in OGTT and area under curve of insulin in IPGTT. There was a positive correlation between aortic 12αOH BAs concentration and changes in plasma glucose level in both OGTT and IPGTT. In contrast, a decrease in the concentration of organic acids was observed in the cecal contents of the HFS-fed rats. Multiple linear regression analysis in the IPGTT revealed that the concentrations of aortic 12αOH BA and cecal acetic acid were the predictors of insulin secretion. Moreover, there was a positive correlation between concentration of portal 12αOH BAs and change in insulin concentration of peripheral blood in the IPGTT. CONCLUSION: The distribution analysis of BA compositions accompanied by GTTs revealed a close relationship between 12αOH BA metabolism and insulin secretion in GTTs in rats.
  • Lee DG, Hori S, Kohmoto O, Kitta S, Yoshida R, Tanaka Y, Shimizu H, Takahashi K, Nagura T, Uchino H, Fukiya S, Yokota A, Ishizuka S
    Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry 83 7 1329 - 1335 2019年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Difructose anhydride III (DFAIII) is a prebiotic involved in the reduction of secondary bile acids (BAs). We investigated whether DFAIII modulates BA metabolism, including enterohepatic circulation, in the rats fed with a diet supplemented with cholic acid (CA), one of the 12α-hydroxylated BAs. After acclimation, the rats were fed with a control diet or a diet supplemented with DFAIII. After 2 weeks, each group was further divided into two groups and was fed diet with or without CA supplementation at 0.5 g/kg diet. BA levels were analyzed in aortic and portal plasma, liver, intestinal content, and feces. As a result, DFAIII ingestion reduced the fecal deoxycholic acid level via the partial suppression of deconjugation and 7α-dehydroxylation of BAs following CA supplementation. These results suggest that DFAIII suppresses production of deoxycholic acid in conditions of high concentrations of 12α-hydroxylated BAs in enterohepatic circulation, such as obesity or excess energy intake. Abbreviation: BA: bile acid; BSH: bile salt hydrolase; CA: cholic acid; DCA: deoxycholic acid; DFAIII: difructose anhydride III; MCA: muricholic acid; MS: mass spectrometry; NCDs: non-communicable diseases; LC: liquid chromatography; SCFA: short-chain fatty acid; TCA: taurocholic acid; TCDCA: taurochenodeoxycholic acid; TDCA: taurodeoxycholic acid; TUDCA: tauroursodeoxychlic acid; TαMCA: tauro-α-muricholic acid; TβMCA: tauro-β-muricholic acid; TωMCA: tauro-ω-muricholic acid.
  • Yoshitsugu R, Kikuchi K, Iwaya H, Fujii N, Hori S, Lee DG, Ishizuka S
    Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology 65 1 45 - 51 2019年 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Hori S, Hara H, Ishizuka S
    Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry 82 12 2140 - 2148 2018年12月 [査読有り][通常論文]
  • Kazuhiro Nakayama, Shinichi Saito, Kazuhisa Watanabe, Hiroshi Miyashita, Fuyuhiko Nishijima, Yoshie Kamo, Koji Tada, Satoshi Ishizuka, Toshimitsu Niwa, Sadahiko Iwamoto, Hidehisa Shimizu
    BIOSCIENCE BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY 81 6 1120 - 1124 2017年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The function of aryl hydrocarbon receptor repressor (AHRR) in the kidney is unclear. The present study investigated associations between AHRR Pro189Ala polymorphism and estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR), serum creatinine, and hemoglobin levels in 2775 Japanese adults without diabetes. In addition, we examined whether AHRR expression levels in the kidney of control and chronic kidney disease (CKD) rats were changed. Multiple linear regression analyses showed that carriers of the Ala allele had increased eGFR and lower concentrations of serum creatinine and hemoglobin (p < 0.05). Immunohistochemical analysis showed that the expression of AHRR was upregulated in the kidneys of rats with CKD. These findings suggest that AHRR plays distinct roles in kidney functions and hemoglobin values. The effects of the AHRR polymorphism might be intensified in the kidneys of patients with CKD.
  • Yeonmi Lee, Reika Yoshitsugu, Keidai Kikuchi, Ga-Hyun Joe, Misaki Tsuji, Takuma Nose, Hidehisa Shimizu, Hiroshi Hara, Kimiko Minamida, Kazunori Miwa, Satoshi Ishizuka
    BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION 116 4 603 - 610 2016年08月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Intestinal bacteria are involved in bile acid (BA) deconjugation and/ or dehydroxylation and are responsible for the production of secondary BA. However, an increase in the production of secondary BA modulates the intestinal microbiota due to the bactericidal effects and promotes cancer risk in the liver and colon. The ingestion of Bacillus coagulans improves constipation via the activation of bowel movement to promote defaecation in humans, which may alter BA metabolism in the intestinal contents. BA secretion is promoted with high-fat diet consumption, and the ratio of cholic acid (CA): chenodeoxycholic acid in primary BA increases with ageing. The dietary supplementation of CA mimics the BA environment in diet-induced obesity and ageing. We investigated whether B. coagulans lilac-01 and soya pulp influence both BA metabolism and the maintenance of host health in CA-supplemented diet-fed rats. In CA-fed rats, soya pulp significantly increased the production of secondary BA such as deoxycholic acid and omega-muricholic acids, and soya pulp ingestion alleviated problems related to plasma adiponectin and gut permeability in rats fed the CA diet. The combination of B. coagulans and soya pulp successfully suppressed the increased production of secondary BA in CA-fed rats compared with soya pulp itself, without impairing the beneficial effects of soya pulp ingestion. In conclusion, it is possible that a combination of prebiotics and probiotics can be used to avoid an unnecessary increase in the production of secondary BA in the large intestine without impairing the beneficial functions of prebiotics.
  • Joe GH, Andoh M, Shinoki A, Lang W, Kumagai Y, Sadahiro J, Okuyama M, Kimura A, Shimizu H, Hara H, Ishizuka S
    Biomedical Research (Tokyo, Japan) 37 3 179 - 186 2016年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The term "megalo-saccharide" is used for saccharides with ten or more saccharide units, whereas the term "oligo-saccharide" is used for saccharides containing fewer than ten monosaccharide units. Megalo-type alpha-1,6-glucosaccharide (M-IM) is a non-digestible saccharide and not utilized by intestinal bacteria, suggesting that ingested M-IM may encounter ileum Peyer's patches that contains immune cells such as macrophages. Macrophages are responsible for antigen incorporation and presentation during the initial step of immune responses. We investigated whether M-IMs modulate macrophage functions such as cytokine production, nitric oxide production, cell viability, and phagocytosis. Primary macrophages collected from the rats were cultured with the existence of M-IM or lipopolysaccharides (LPS). M-IM and LPS induced the production of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha), interleukin 6 (IL6), and nitric oxide in the primary macrophages. The gene expression profile of inflammatory factors including TNF alpha, IL6, and IL1 beta in M-IM-stimulated cells was similar to that of LPS-stimulated cells. The M-IM did not affect phagocytosis in the primary macrophages. The M-IM-induced TNF alpha production was suppressed in the cells treated with a toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) inhibitor called TAK-242. In conclusion, the M-IM modulates cytokine expression via TLR4 signaling and may play a role in the modulation of immune responses.
  • Hidehisa Shimizu, Nanako Baba, Takuma Nose, Ryoko Taguchi, Shinya Tanaka, Ga-Hyun Joe, Hideaki Maseda, Nobuhiko Nomura, Masahito Hagio, Ja-Young Lee, Satoru Fukiya, Atsushi Yokota, Satoshi Ishizuka, Hitoshi Miyazaki
    BIOSCIENCE BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY 79 6 937 - 942 2015年06月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The signal molecule, 3-oxo-C-12-homoserine lactone (3-oxo-C-12-HSL), is similar to a mammalian hormone in bacteria. Although most studies have examined the effects of high 3-oxo-C-12-HSL concentrations (>200 mu M) on mammalian cellular functions because ~600 mu M 3-oxo-C-12-HSL can be secreted in biofilms of Pseudomonas aeruginosa grown in vitro, we previously showed that a low 3-oxo-C-12-HSL concentration (30 mu M) induces the apoptosis of undifferentiated Caco-2 cells through suppressing Akt activity. Here, we found that a low concentration of 3-oxo-C-12-HSL-activated ERK1/2 in undifferentiated Caco-2 cells. Incubating cells with the ERK pathway inhibitor U0126 for 30min alleviated the mucin 3 (MUC3) expression suppressed by 3-oxo-C-12-HSL, and the upregulation of MUC3 expression induced by a 48-h incubation with U0126-reduced cell death. Thus, altered MUC3 expression caused by long-term attenuated ERK1/2 activity might correlate with the death of undifferentiated Caco-2 cells induced by 3-oxo-C-12-HSL.
  • Hagio M, Shimizu H, Joe GH, Takatsuki M, Shiwaku M, Xu H, Lee JY, Fujii N, Fukiya S, Hara H, Yokota A, Ishizuka S
    Toxicology Letters 232 1 246 - 252 2015年01月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Consumption of a high-fat diet increases some secondary bile acids (BAs) such as deoxycholic acid (DCA) in feces. DCA is derived from cholic acid (CA), a primary BA. We evaluated intestinal epithelial proliferation and BA metabolism in response to oral administration of cholic acid (CA) in rats to determine the influence of a CA diet on the responses of gut epithelia to gamma-rays. WKAH/HkmSlc rats were divided into two dietary groups: control diet or CA-supplemented (2 g/kg diet) diet. Some of the rats from each group were irradiated with gamma-rays, and epithelial cell proliferation in the colon was analyzed histochemically. Unirradiated CA-fed rats had high levels of DCA and CA in the sera, as well as the presence of taurocholic acid in their feces. Significant increases were observed in both epithelial proliferation and the number of epithelial cells in the colon of the CA-fed rats, and this effect was observed at 8 weeks after gamma-ray exposure. Furthermore, extracts from both cecal contents and sera of the unirradiated CA-fed rats promoted proliferation of IEC-6 cells. These results indicate that BAs in enterohepatic circulation promote proliferation and survival of the intestinal epithelium after receiving DNA damage. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Hidehisa Shimizu, Masahito Hagio, Hitoshi Iwaya, Ikuya Tsuneki, Ja-Young Lee, Satoru Fukiya, Atsushi Yokota, Hitoshi Miyazaki, Hiroshi Hara, Satoshi Ishizuka
    JOURNAL OF NUTRITIONAL SCIENCE AND VITAMINOLOGY 60 6 450 - 454 2014年12月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Obesity is increasingly becoming associated with increased risk of atherosclerosis. Serum levels of the bile acid deoxycholic acid (DCA) are elevated in mice with obesity induced by a high-fat (HF) diet. Therefore, we investigated the influence of DCA on the functions of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) because the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis are associated with VSMC proliferation and migration. DCA induced c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) activation whereas a JNK inhibitor prevented DCA-induced VSMC proliferation and migration. Based on these findings, we examined whether DCA promotes the expression of platelet-derived growth factor beta-receptor (PDGFR beta) that has a c-Jun binding site in its promoter region. The mRNA and protein expression levels of PDGFR beta were upregulated in VSMCs after a 24- and 48-h incubation with DCA, respectively. The effects of PDGF such as proliferation and migration of VSMCs were promoted after a 48-h incubation with DCA despite the absence of DCA during PDGF stimulation. These findings suggest that elevated serum concentrations of DCA are involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis in HF-induced obesity.
  • Ryoko Taguchi, Shinya Tanaka, Ga-Hyun Joe, Hideaki Maseda, Nobuhiko Nomura, Junji Ohnishi, Satoshi Ishizuka, Hidehisa Shimizu, Hitoshi Miyazaki
    AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-CELL PHYSIOLOGY 307 2 C162 - C168 2014年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    N-acyl-homoserine lactones (AHL) are quorum-sensing molecules in bacteria that play important roles in regulating virulence gene expression in pathogens such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The present study compared responses between undifferentiated and differentiated Caco-2 cells to N-(3-oxododecanoyl)- L-homoserine lactone (3-oxo-C-12-HSL). A low concentration of 3-oxo-C-12-HSL (30 mu M) is sufficient to reduce viability accompanied by apoptosis via the suppression of phosphorylation by Akt in undifferentiated Caco-2 cells. The suppression of Akt phosphorylation appears specific in 3-oxo-C-12-HSL, because other AHLs did not influence the phosphorylation status of Akt. The reduced viability induced by 3-oxo-C-12-HSL was partially recovered by constitutively active Akt overexpression in undifferentiated Caco-2 cells. Since mucin is considered a vital component of the gut barrier, we investigated whether mucin protects cellular functions induced by 3-oxo-C-12-HSL in undifferentiated Caco-2 cells. The results showed that mucin protected undifferentiated Caco-2 cells from apoptosis induced by 3-oxo-C-12-HSL. 3-Oxo-C-12-HSL did not induce cell death in differentiated Caco-2 cells that expressed higher levels of mucin 3 (MUC3) than undifferentiated Caco-2 cells. In addition, 3-oxo-C-12-HSL promoted cell death in undifferentiated Caco-2 cells transfected with MUC3 siRNA and reduced MUC3 expression in undifferentiated Caco-2 cells. Therefore, MUC3 might be responsible for the survival of undifferentiated intestinal epithelial cells in the presence of 3-oxo-C-12-HSL through regulating Akt phosphorylation. In conclusion, 3-oxo-C-12-HSL might influence the survival of undifferentiated intestinal epithelial cells as well as interactions between these cells and pathogens.
  • Ga-Hyun Joe, Midori Andoh, Mikako Nomura, Hitoshi Iwaya, Jae-Sung Lee, Hidehisa Shimizu, Youhei Tsuji, Hideaki Maseda, Hitoshi Miyazaki, Hiroshi Hara, Satoshi Ishizuka
    BIOSCIENCE BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY 78 3 462 - 465 2014年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We investigated to determine whether a variety of acyl-homoserine lactones (AHLs) influences epithelial cell proliferation and mucosal permeability. 3-Oxo-C-12-homoserine lactone (HSL) and 3-oxo-C-14-HSL significantly suppressed IEC-6 cell proliferation. A significant increase in mucosal permeability was observed in isolated rat colon tissue exposed to C-12-HSL, 3-oxo-C-12-HSL, and 3-oxo-C-14-HSL. These data indicate that AHLs suppress epithelial proliferation and disrupt barrier function in intestinal mucosa.
  • Hitoshi Iwaya, Nobuyuki Fujii, Masahito Hagio, Hiroshi Hara, Satoshi Ishizuka
    BIOSCIENCE BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY 77 7 1461 - 1466 2013年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV) degrades some peptide hormones and cytokines, resulting in homeostatic modulation. However, the role of DPPIV in inflammatory bowel diseases remains controversial. To determine the role of DPPIV in colitis, we used F344/DuCrlCrlj (F344/Du) rats as a DPPIV-deficient model. The serum DPPIV activity was much lower in the F344/Du rats than in F344/Jcl rats which were used as a DPPIV-positive model. Interestingly, the disease activity index (DAI) was different in the early phase of 2% dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis, as judged by the mucosal myeloperoxidase activity, colonic weight, and cecal fermentation. Similarly, retarded DAI was apparent in the DPPIV-deficient rats with 1% DSS-induced colitis. These findings suggest that a low level of DPPIV activity contributed to maintaining intestinal homeostasis by suppressing the cleavage of cytokines and growth hormones in DSS-induced colitis, especially in the early phase of colitis and with moderate inflammation.
  • Shinoki A, Lang W, Thawornkuno C, Kang HK, Kumagai Y, Okuyama M, Mori H, Kimura A, Ishizuka S, Hara H
    Food Chemistry 136 2 293 - 296 2 2013年01月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The presence of an alpha-1,6-glucosaccharide enhances absorption of water-soluble quercetin glycosides, a mixture of quercetin-3-O-beta-D-glucoside (Q3G, 31.8%), mono (23.3%), di (20.3%) and more D-glucose adducts with alpha-1,4-linkage to a D-glucose moiety of Q3G, in a ligated small intestinal loop of anesthetized rats. We prepared alpha-1,6-glucosaccharides with different degrees of polymerization (DP) enzymatically and separated them into a megalo-isomaltosaccharide-containing fraction (M-IM, average DP = 11.0) and an oligo-isomaltosaccharide-containing fraction (O-IM, average DP = 3.6). Luminal injection of either saccharide fraction promoted the absorption of total quercetin-derivatives from the small intestinal segment and this effect was greater for M-IM than O-IM addition. M-IM also increased Q3G, but not the quercetin aglycone, concentration in the water-phase of the luminal contents more strongly than O-IM. The enhancement of Q3G solubilization in the luminal contents may be responsible for the increases in the quercetin glucoside absorption promoted by alpha-1,6-glucosaccharides, especially that by M-IM. These results suggest that the ingestion of alpha-1,6-glucosaccharides promotes Q3G bioavailability. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Erwin Suwendi, Hitoshi Iwaya, Jae-Sung Lee, Hiroshi Hara, Satoshi Ishizuka
    BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH-TOKYO 33 6 329 - 336 2012年12月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis is an experimental model of ulcerative colitis, although the precise mechanism has not yet been elucidated. We investigate whether Zn deficiency affects the pathogenesis of colitis induced by DSS with a focus on immune responses. Male WKAH/Hkm Sic rats were fed either a Zn-adequate (ZA, 30 mg Zn/kg diet) as a control or Zn-deficient (ZD, 5 mg Zn/kg diet) diet for 21 days and then treated with 2% DSS via deionized drinking water for 7 days. The disease activity index (DAI) was recorded daily throughout DSS treatment. Serum Zn concentrations were significantly lowered in rats fed the ZD diet than those fed the ZA diet at day 7 and 14. Surprisingly, DSS treatment considerably reduced the serum Zn in both groups. The rats fed the ZD diet showed exacerbated colitis based on clinical outcomes, including weight loss, increased DAI, and shortened colon length. An in vitro study corroborated these results, showing that a large amount of TNF alpha was induced by rat mesenteric leukocytes in response to lipopolysaccharide in ZD medium, but not in ZA medium. These results indicate that a modulation of TNF alpha production due to Zn deficiency influences disease activity in DSS-induced colitis. In addition, more attention should be given to Zn for prevention of colitis.
  • Hitoshi Iwaya, Jae-Sung Lee, Shinya Yamagishi, Aki Shinoki, Weeranuch Lang, Charin Thawornkuno, Hee-Kwon Kang, Yuya Kumagai, Shiho Suzuki, Shinichi Kitamura, Hiroshi Hara, Masayuki Okuyama, Haruhide Mori, Atsuo Kimura, Satoshi Ishizuka
    PLOS ONE 7 11 e50658  2012年11月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Background: Isomaltosyloligosaccharides (IMO) and dextran (Dex) are hardly digestible in the small intestine and thus influence the luminal environment and affect the maintenance of health. There is wide variation in the degree of polymerization (DP) in Dex and IMO (short-sized IMO, S-IMO; long-sized IMO, L-IMO), and the physiological influence of these compounds may be dependent on their DP. Methodology/Principal Findings: Five-week-old male Wistar rats were given a semi-purified diet with or without 30 g/kg diet of the S-IMO (DP = 3.3), L-IMO (DP = 8.4), or Dex (DP = 1230) for two weeks. Dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) was administered to the rats for one week to induce experimental colitis. We evaluated the clinical symptoms during the DSS treatment period by scoring the body weight loss, stool consistency, and rectal bleeding. The development of colitis induced by DSS was delayed in the rats fed S-IMO and Dex diets. The DSS treatment promoted an accumulation of neutrophils in the colonic mucosa in the rats fed the control, S-IMO, and L-IMO diets, as assessed by a measurement of myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity. In contrast, no increase in MPO activity was observed in the Dex-diet-fed rats even with DSS treatment. Immune cell populations in peripheral blood were also modified by the DP of ingested saccharides. Dietary S-IMO increased the concentration of n-butyric acid in the cecal contents and the levels of glucagon-like peptide-2 in the colonic mucosa. Conclusion/Significance: Our study provided evidence that the physiological effects of alpha-glucosaccharides on colitis depend on their DP, linkage type, and digestibility. Citation: Iwaya H, Lee J-S, Yamagishi S, Shinoki A, Lang W, et al. (2012) The Delay in the Development of Experimental Colitis from Isomaltosyloligosaccharides in Rats Is Dependent on the Degree of Polymerization. PLoS ONE 7(11): e50658. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0050658
  • Ishizuka S, Shiwaku M, Hagio M, Suzuki T, Hira T, Hara H
    Biomedical Research (Tokyo, Japan) 33 3 159 - 165 3 2012年06月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Bile acids (BAs) are considered to be promotive factors in colorectal carcinogenesis. We investigated whether BAs in the cellular environment influence proliferation of intestinal epithelial cell lines. Some BAs induced proliferation in several epithelial cell lines. In the proliferation assay, significant increases in IEC-6 cell proliferation were observed in response to glycodeoxycholic acid or glycochenodeoxycholic acid (GCDCA). Among the glycine-conjugated derivatives of BAs, especially GCDCA reduced cAMP production in IEC-6 cells. Pertussis toxin completely inhibited the GCDCA-induced increase in IEC-6 proliferation, suggesting GCDCA-induced proliferation required G alpha i activation and cAMP reduction. Treatment with 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine, a phosphodiesterase inhibitor, also suppressed GCDCA-induced IEC-6 proliferation. We confirmed an increase in MEK1/2 phosphorylation in GCDCA-treated IEC-6 cells, and inhibition of MEK1/2 by U0126 clearly suppressed GCDCA-induced IEC-6 cell proliferation. A significant increase was observed in the phosphorylation of histone H2AX in GCDCA-treated IEC-6 cells after exposure to gamma-rays. Cell cycle analysis revealed that GCDCA increased the proportion of cells in S phase only after gamma-ray exposure. These results indicate that glycine-conjugated BAs in the cellular environment are potent inducers of cell proliferation accompanied by genomic instability in intestinal epithelia.
  • Hitoshi Iwaya, Koushi Maeta, Hiroshi Hara, Satoshi Ishizuka
    EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE 237 4 451 - 460 2012年04月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We investigated differences in the pathogenesis of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis between two inbred rat strains, Wistar King A Hokkaido (WKAH) and Dark Agouti (DA) rats, to determine the intrinsic factors responsible for the development of colitis. DSS exposure exacerbated the clinical symptoms such as body weight loss, stool consistency and rectal bleeding in DA rats rather than that in WKAH rats. Additionally, the average survival was shorter in DA rats than in WKAH rats. The expression levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin (IL)-12 p35 and IL-23 p19 increased prominently in the DA rats that were administered DSS, accompanied by severe infiltration of leukocytes into the colon. We also found that colonic permeability was greater in the DA rats than in the WKAH rats. In Ussing chambers, exposure of the isolated colon tissue to DSS enhanced the colonic permeability of both strains. Immunoblot analysis revealed that the expression levels of tight junction (TJ) proteins were modulated during DSS administration. Higher expression levels of claudin-4 and junctional adhesion molecule-A proteins were observed in DA rats than in WKAH rats, even in intact conditions. These results indicated that the expression pattern of TJ proteins determines the colonic permeability of the rats. In conclusion, the intrinsic colonic permeability is one of critical factors responsible for the susceptibility of rats to colitis.
  • Atsushi Yokota, Satoru Fukiya, Tadasuke Ooka, Yoshitoshi Ogura, Tetsuya Hayashi, Satoshi Ishizuka
    Gut Microbes 3 5 455 - 459 2012年 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Recently, we discovered that bile acid, a main component of bile, is a host factor that regulates the composition of the cecal microbiota in rats. Because bile secretion increases on a high-fat diet and bile acids generally have strong antimicrobial activity, we speculated that bile acids would be a determinant of the gut microbiota in response to a high-fat diet. The observed changes in the rat cecal microbiota triggered by cholic acid (the most abundant bile acid in human biliary bile) administration resemble those found in animals fed high-fat diets. Here, we discuss the rationale for this hypothesis by evaluating reported diet-induced gut microbiota alterations based on the postulate that bile acids worked as an underlying determinant. The identification of host factors determining the gut microbiota greatly contributes to understanding the causal relationships between changes in the gut microbiota and disease development, which remain to be elucidated. © 2012 Landes Bioscience.
  • K. B. M. Saiful Islam, Satoru Fukiya, Masahito Hagio, Nobuyuki Fujii, Satoshi Ishizuka, Tadasuke Ooka, Yoshitoshi Ogura, Tetsuya Hayashi, Atsushi Yokota
    GASTROENTEROLOGY 141 5 1773 - 1781 2011年11月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    BACKGROUND & AIMS: Alterations in the gastrointestinal microbiota have been associated with metabolic diseases. However, little is known about host factors that induce changes in gastrointestinal bacterial populations. We investigated the role of bile acids in this process because of their strong antimicrobial activities, specifically the effects of cholic acid administration on the composition of the gut microbiota in a rat model. METHODS: Rats were fed diets supplemented with different concentrations of cholic acid for 10 days. We used 16S ribosomal RNA gene clone library sequencing and fluorescence in situ hybridization to characterize the composition of the cecal microbiota of the different diet groups. Bile acids in feces, organic acids in cecal contents, and some blood parameters were also analyzed. RESULTS: Administration of cholic acid induced phylum-level alterations in the composition of the gut microbiota; Firmicutes predominated at the expense of Bacteroidetes. Cholic acid feeding simplified the composition of the microbiota, with outgrowth of several bacteria in the classes Clostridia and Erysipelotrichi. Externally administered cholic acid was efficiently transformed into deoxycholic acid by a bacterial 7 alpha-dehydroxylation reaction. Serum levels of adiponectin decreased significantly in rats given the cholic acid diet. CONCLUSIONS: Cholic acid regulates the composition of gut microbiota in rats, inducing similar changes to those induced by high-fat diets. These findings improve our understanding of the relationship between metabolic diseases and the composition of the gastrointestinal microbiota.
  • Hiroshi Iwaya, Munenori Kashiwaya, Aki Shinoki, Jae-Sung Lee, Kumiko Hayashi, Hiroshi Hara, Satoshi Ishizuka
    JOURNAL OF NUTRITION 141 6 1077 - 1082 2011年06月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We investigated the impact of Zn status on the maintenance of mucosal homeostasis. Rats were fed diets containing different amounts of Zn (30, 10, 5, <1 mg Zn/kg diet) for 21 d. Serum Zn concentrations were lower in rats fed marginally Zn-deficient (MZD; 5 mg Zn/kg diet) and severely Zn-deficient (<1 mg/kg) diets but not in those fed the marginally Zn-adequate diet (10 mg/kg) or the Zn-adequate (ZA; 30 mg/kg) group (P < 0.05). However, organ weights, colonic epithelial cell proliferation, and crypt fission did not differ between the MZD and ZA groups. We then evaluated whether MZD modulated dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colonic inflammation by administering 2% DSS to the MZD and ZA groups for 7 d. Myeloperoxidase activity and TNF alpha production increased in response to DSS in the MZD group (P < 0.03). Colonic permeability in the 2 groups did not differ after DSS administration. In a culture experiment using isolated mesenteric leukocytes. TNF alpha production was higher (P < 0.05) and TNF receptor type I (TNFR1) expression was detected in culture medium containing 20 and 30 mu mol/L of Zn compared with culture medium lacking Zn supplementation. These results suggest that MZD exacerbated colitis by modulating the immune response through the impairment of TNF alpha production and TNFR1 expression rather than through the impairment of epithelial barrier function. J. Nutr. 141: 1077-1082, 2011.
  • Lee JS, Oka K, Watanabe O, Hara H, Ishizuka S
    Food Chemistry 126 4 1521 - 1526 2011年06月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We evaluated the effects of seven mushroom extracts (Grifola frondosa, Pholiota nameko, Panellus serotinus, Hypsizygus marmoreus, Pleurotus cornucopiae, Armillaria mellea, and Flammulina velutipes) on cytotoxic activity and cytokine production of lamina propria leukocytes (LPLs) isolated from rat small (S) and large (L) intestinal mucosa. Boiling water extracts from seven species of mushrooms showed no direct cytotoxicity against the YAC-1 target cells. However, prominent increases of cytotoxicity were observed in S- and L-LPLs co-cultured with P. serotinus extract. Cytokine production (TNF alpha, IFN gamma, IL-12 p70, and IL-4) of S- and L-LPLs was stimulated in response to P. cornucopiae extract. Mushroom extracts contributed to target cell adhesion and/or cytokine production in the effector cells. The promotion of cytotoxic activity in S- and L-LPLs was not necessarily related to beta-glucan content of the mushroom. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Satoshi Ishizuka, Ken-ichi Saitoh, Takuya Suzuki, Jae-Sung Lee, Hiroshi Hara
    FOOD CHEMISTRY 125 4 1219 - 1225 2011年04月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Phytate myo inositol hexaphosphate (IP6) has been shown to possess anti-carcinogenic qualities IP6 appears to be partially digested in the digestive tract and degraded into inositol di tri- and tetraphosphate (IP2 IP3 and IP4) The present study investigated whether IP3-rich phytate hydrolysate (IP3-RPH) a partially degraded product from phytate plays a role in the suppression of cell proliferation using an HCT116 colon carcinoma cell line IP3-RPH suppresses cell proliferation as does IP6 and the suppression activity of IP3-RPH is higher than that of IP6 Suppression modes clearly differed between IP3-RPH and IP6 Our findings suggest that partially degraded IP6 products are responsible for the suppression of colon carcinogenesis by IP6 (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved
  • Hagio M, Matsumoto M, Ishizuka S
    Methods in Molecular Biology (Clifton, N.J.) 708 119 - 129 2011年 [査読有り][招待有り]
  • Naoki Takemura, Masahiro Hagio, Satoshi Ishizuka, Hiroyuki Ito, Tatsuya Morita, Kei Sonoyama
    JOURNAL OF NUTRITION 140 11 1963 - 1969 2010年11月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We tested whether a high-fat diet (HFD) impairs the survival of probiotics in mice. In Expt. 1, after feeding either a HFD (62.7% energy) or a normal-fat diet (NFD; 11.1% energy) for 2 d, C57BL16 mice were i.g. administered Lactobacillus plantarum No. 14. Fecal recovery of viable L. plantarum was significantly decreased 99% by the HFD compared with the NFD. Total bile acid concentrations in the small intestine and cecum were significantly higher 11.5- and 2.2-fold of NFD, respectively) in mice fed HFD than in those fed NFD. Cholic acid and deoxycholic acid significantly reduced the viability of L. plantarum No. 14 in culture experiments. In Expt. 2, after feeding HFD for 2 d, simultaneous administration of inulin 110 mg) with L. plantarum No. 14 significantly increased (100-fold of that without inulin) the fecal recovery of viable L. plantarum. Inulin administration did not alter intestinal bile acid concentrations. In Expt. 3, after feeding HFD for 2 d, mice were i.g. administered either inulin (10 mg) or vehicle and, after 6 h, cecal contents were subjected to culture experiments. Growth of L. plantarum No. 14 was significantly higher in the cecal contents of inulin-administered mice than vehicle-administered mice. Inulin supplementation to cecal contents of vehicle-administered mice significantly enhanced the growth of L. plantarum No. 14. We propose that HFD impairs the survival of probiotics in the gut due to increased bile acid stress and that simultaneous administration of inulin prolongs the survival of probiotics in mice fed HFD. J. Nutr. 140: 1963-1969, 2010.
  • Masahito Hagio, Megumi Matsumoto, Takaji Yajima, Hiroshi Hara, Satoshi Ishizuka
    JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY 109 3 663 - 668 2010年09月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Hagio M, Matsumoto M, Yajima T, Hara H, Ishizuka S. Voluntary wheel running exercise and dietary lactose concomitantly reduce proportion of secondary bile acids in rat feces. J Appl Physiol 109: 663-668, 2010. First published July 8, 2010; doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00777.2009.-According to epidemiologic studies, a negative correlation exists between exercise amount and subsequent cancer development risk in the large intestine. The proportion of secondary bile acids (SBA) in the large intestine is related to subsequent risk for colorectal carcinogenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of voluntary wheel running exercise and dietary intervention on bile acid (BA) metabolism in the large intestine. Wistar/ST rats (6 wk old) were divided into two groups, exercise and sedentary, after acclimation. Four days after the animals were assigned to a group, rats in each group were fed diets supplemented with different carbohydrate sources including dextrin, sucrose, and lactose. The wheel running period was 4 wk in the exercise group, whereas rats in the sedentary group remained in individual cages during this period. BA composition in collected feces was analyzed with ultraperformance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. We found that wheel running exercise decreased plasma concentrations of cholesterol, triglyceride, and free fatty acids. These decreases were accompanied by a reduction in the proportion of SBA to primary BA (PBA) in feces; however, daily excretion of BA was comparable regardless of wheel running exercise. In addition, ingestion of lactose decreased the SBA-to-PBA ratio and suppressed production of hyodeoxycholic acid in feces. In conclusion, voluntary wheel running exercise, in combination with dietary intervention, could independently reduce the SBA-to-PBA ratio within the large intestine without changing BA excretion. These changes may contribute to the prevention of colorectal carcinogenesis.
  • Suzuki T, Nishioka T, Ishizuka S, Hara H
    Molecular Nutrition & Food Research 54 7 947 - 955 7 2010年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Phytate (inositol hexa-phosphate, IP6) possesses multiple biological functions including anticancer activity. IP6 is converted to inositol di-, tri-, and tetra-phosphates (IP2, IP3, and IP4) by phytase in large intestinal microbes; however, their contribution to the IP6-mediated functions has not been investigated. We have developed the preparations of IP2-4 and IP3-rich phytate hydrolysate (IP3-RPH) by IP6 digestion using microbial phytase, and examined the induction of intracellular Ca(2+) signaling in response to the preparations in colorectal cancer cells. IP2-4, but not inositol (IP0) and IP6, induced increases in intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) in Caco-2 cells with the following rank order: IP3 > IP2 - IP4. Inositol tri-phosphate (IP3)-RPH induced increases in [Ca(2+)](i) in both undifferentiated Caco-2 and HT-29 cells, but not in differentiated Caco-2. The IP3-RPH-induced [Ca(2+)](i) increase was resistant to extracellular Ca(2+) depletion, however, it was impaired by inhibitors of phospholipase C, inositol 1, 4, 5 tri-phosphate receptor, ryanodine receptor, and G alpha q protein. These results show that the putative G protein-coupled receptor on the plasma membrane senses the IP6 hydrolysates and activates phospholipase C beta, resulting in Ca(2+) mobilization through Ca(2+) channels coupled with the inositol 1, 4, 5 tri-phosphate and ryanodine receptors on the sarco-endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) store in colorectal cancer cells.
  • Jae-Sung Lee, Kohsuke Oka, Mie Obara, Megumi Nishimukai, Yung-Choon Yoo, Kaori Yamada, Takamitsu Tsukahara, Keizo Nakayama, Hiroshi Hara, Satoshi Ishizuka
    BIOSCIENCE BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY 73 8 1732 - 1740 2009年08月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We optimized the isolation protocol for intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) and lamina propria lymphocytes (LPLs) from the rat small intestine, and LPLs from even the rat large intestine. The major population of IELs in the small intestine was considered to be from the villus epithelia. The cytotoxicity of mucosal leukocytes was comparable among isolated fractions from both the small and large intestines, regardless of the population differences. Further analyses of the cells collected from other lymphoid tissues demonstrated that CD161(+) cells selectively accumulated in the intestinal lamina propria and did not recirculate through the lymph ducts. Our modified isolation protocol enables the collection of mucosal immune cells from the rat intestines without any deterioration of cell function and could contribute to a better understanding of dietary influences on the mucosal immune system.
  • Satoshi Ishizuka, Ayako Inafune, Tohru Hira, Hirohisa Izumi, Kazuhiro Ozawa, Mitsunori Takase, Hiroshi Hara
    BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH-TOKYO 30 4 259 - 261 2009年08月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We investigated the effects of endogenous glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) on the development of intestinal mucosa in weanling rats. Three-week-old male weanling Sprague-Dawley rats were administered either anti-GLP-2 or normal rabbit serum every other day for 2 weeks. We then measured length, weight, and bromodeoxyuridine incorporation in the intestine on day 13 following the first injection. Administration of anti-GLP-2 serum significantly inhibited both epithelial proliferation in the distal ileum and elongation of the small intestine. These results Suggest that intrinsic GLP-2 contributes to the growth of the small intestine during the weanling period.
  • Hirohisa Izumi, Satoshi Ishizuka, Ayako Inafune, Tohru Hira, Kazuhiro Ozawa, Takashi Shimizu, Mitsunori Takase, Hiroshi Hara
    JOURNAL OF NUTRITION 139 7 1322 - 1327 2009年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We investigated whether bovine milk constituents influenced glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-2 secretion and intestinal growth in suckling rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (14 d old) received i.g. infusions of a milk protein fraction, a lactose solution, or the cream fraction of milk. The serum concentration of GLP-2, but not GLP-1, markedly increased in rats administered milk protein compared with those given the lactose solution or the cream fraction from 60 to 120 min after administration. In another experiment, both casein (CN) and whey protein isolate stimulated GLP-2 secretion at 120 min after administration, but soy protein and ovalbumin did not. Stimulation of GLP-2 secretion by several milk proteins was similar, including alpha-CN, alpha-lactalbumin (alpha-La), and beta-lactoglobulin, in a separate experiment. A hydrolysate of alpha-La obtained by incubation with protease A extracted from Aspergillus oryzae (LaHPA) caused almost twice the GLP-2 release due to intact alpha-La and other alpha-La hydrolysates. Free aminoacid concentrations and molecular size distributions did not differ among alpha-La hydrolysates, including LaHPA. In rat pups reared with milk formulae containing alpha-La or LaHPA, LaHPA significantly promoted small intestinal elongation and increased the number of crypt epithelial cells compared with a formula containing intact alpha-La. LaHPA administration also increased the maltase:lactase activity ratio, a marker of maturation of the intestinal mucosa. In conclusion, milk proteins stimulate GLP-2 secretion and contribute to growth and maturation of the small intestine in suckling rats. J. Nutr. 139: 1322-1327, 2009.
  • Satoshi Ishizuka, Ami Iwama, Achmad Dinoto, Akarat Suksomcheep, Kohshi Maeta, Takanori Kasai, Hiroshi Hara, Atsushi Yokota
    MOLECULAR NUTRITION & FOOD RESEARCH 53 S62 - S67 2009年05月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We evaluated the effects of Bifidobacterium breve JCM1192(T) and/or raffinose on epithelial proliferation in the rat small and large intestines. WKAH/Hkm Slc rats (4 wk old) were fed a control diet, a diet supplemented with either encapsulated B. breve (30 g/kg diet, 1.5 x 10(7) colony-forming unit/g capsule) or raffinose (30 g/kg diet), or a diet supplemented with both encapsulated B. breve and raffinose, for 3 wk. Epithelial proliferation in the small intestine, as assessed by bromodeoxyuridine immunohistochemistry, was increased only in the B. breve plus raffinose-fed group. We determined the number of bifidobacteria in cecal contents using fluorescence in situ hybridization and confirmed the presence of ingested B. breve only in the B. breve plus raffinose-fed group. This suggests that the ingested B. breve cells used raffinose and were activated in the small intestine, where they subsequently influenced epithelial proliferation. In conclusion, we found a prominent synbiotic effect of encapsulated B. breve in combination with raffinose on epithelial proliferation in rat small intestine but not in large intestine. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a synbiotic that affects epithelial proliferation.
  • Jae-Sung Lee, Saki Kamada, Yuri Takami, Kohsuke Oka, Yuichi Ochiai, Hitoshi Iwaya, Hiroshi Hara, Satoshi Ishizuka
    IMMUNOLOGY LETTERS 124 1 50 - 54 2009年05月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    To examine the involvement of CD8 alpha(+) intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) in chemokine expression by villus epithelial cells, villus and crypt fractions were collected by mechanical isolation using a chelating buffer and specific antibodies in CD8 alpha(+) cell-depleted rats. A larger population of CD8 alpha(+) cells was observed by histochemical evaluation in villus epithelia than in crypt epithelia in rat small intestine, and CCL9 and CCL28 expression was higher in the crypt fraction than in the villus fraction. The mRNA expression of CCL28 in villus fractions isolated from rat small intestinal mucosa was significantly reduced compared to that of CCL9, and was accompanied by CD8 alpha depletion. Using a combined histochemical and flow cytometric approach, CD8 alpha alpha(+) cells were detected in the intraepithelial region of the villus epithelium. Thus, CCL28 expression in villus epithelial cells is partially supported by CD8 alpha alpha(+) cells, and CD8 alpha(+) IELs are involved in CCL28 expression. (c) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • Masahito Hagio, Megumi Matsumoto, Michihiro Fukushima, Hiroshi Hara, Satoshi Ishizuka
    JOURNAL OF LIPID RESEARCH 50 1 173 - 180 2009年01月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    To evaluate bile acid (BA) metabolism in detail, we established a method for analyzing BA composition in various tissues and intestinal contents using ultra performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (UPLC/ESI-MS). Twenty-two individual BAs were determined simultaneously from extracts. We applied this method to define the differences in BA metabolism between two rat strains, WKAH and DA. The amount of total bile acids (TBAs) in the liver was significantly higher in WKAH than in DA rats. In contrast, TBA concentration in jejunal content, cecal content, colorectal content, and feces was higher in DA rats than in WKAH rats. Nearly all BAs in the liver were in the taurine-or glycine-conjugated form in DA rats, and the proportion of conjugated liver BAs was up to 75% in WKAH rats. Similar trends were observed for the conjugation rates in bile. The most abundant secondary BA in cecal content, colorectal content, and feces was hyodeoxycholic acid in WKAH rats and v-muricholic acid in DA rats. Analyzing detailed BA profiles, including conjugation status, in a single run is possible using UPLC/ESI-MS. This method will be useful for investigating the roles of BA metabolism under physiological and pathological conditions. Hagio, M., M. Matsumoto, M. Fukushima, H. Hara, and S. Ishizuka. Improved analysis of bile acids in tissues and intestinal contents of rats using LC/ESI-MS. J. Lipid Res. 2009. 50: 173-180.
  • Kumiko Hayashi, Satoshi Ishizuka, Chieko Yokoyama, Toshihisa Hatae
    LIFE SCIENCES 83 1-2 6 - 11 2008年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Zinc is known to modulate a wide variety of cellular functions including anti-inflammatory responses. We examined the intracellular signaling pathways that contribute to the regulation of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) by zinc in activated human Jurkat T cells. Zinc significantly reduced IFN-gamma expression and activator protein-1 (AP-1) signaling in cells activated by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) and phytohemagglutinin (PHA) without affecting cell viability. Moreover, partial inhibition of AP-1 activity by SP600125, a c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) inhibitor, resulted in marked reduction of IFN-gamma transcription. We also found that this inhibitory effect of zinc on AP-1 signaling was abolished by treatment with rottlerin, a selective inhibitor of calcium-independent protein kinase C (PKC). These results suggest a novel target of zinc in the calcium-independent protein kinase C-AP-1 pathway to regulate endogenous IFN-gamma gene expression in activated T cells. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • A Dinoto, A Suksomcheep, S Ishizuka, H Kimura, S Hanada, Y Kamagata, K Asano, F Tomita, A Yokota
    APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY 72 1 784 - 792 2006年01月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    To investigate the effects of administration of raffinose and encapsulated Bifidobacterium breve JCM 1192(T) cells on the rat cecal microbiota, in a preclinical synbiotic study groups of male WKAH/Hkm Sic rats were fed for 3 weeks with four different test diets: basal diet (group BD), basal diet supplemented with raffinose (group RAF), basal diet supplemented with encapsulated B. breve (group CB), and basal diet supplemented with both raffinose and encapsulated B. breve (group RCB). The bacterial populations in cecal samples were determined by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP). B. breve cells were detected only in the RCB group and accounted for about 6.3% of the total cells as determined by FISH analysis. B. breve was also detected only in the RCB group by T-RFLP analysis. This was in contrast to the CB group, in which no B. breve signals were detected by either FISH or T-RFLP. Increases in the sizes of the populations of Bifidobacterium animalis, a Bifidobacterium indigenous to the rat, were observed in the RAF and RCB groups. Principal-component analysis of T-RFLP results revealed significant alterations in the bacterial populations of rats in the RAF and RCB groups; the population in the CB group was similar to that in the control group (group BID). To the best of our knowledge, these results provide the first clear picture of the changes in the rat cecal microbiota in response to synbiotic administration.
  • P Asvarujanon, S Ishizuka, H Hara
    NUTRITION 21 10 1025 - 1035 2005年10月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Objective: We examined the effects of feeding non-digestible disaccharides, difructose anhydride III (DFAIII), maltitol, melibiose and, cellobiose, on calcium, magnesium, and iron absorption in comparison with fructo-oligosaccharide (FOS) in normal and ovariectomized rats. Methods: In experiment 1, six groups of male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a control diet (100 g of cellulose/kg of diet), test diets containing 30 g of FOS, or the four non-digestible disaccharides in place of the cellulose in the control diet for 4 wk. In experiment 2, two groups of female Sprague-Dawley rats (sham or ovariectomized) were assigned to one of four subgroups and fed the control or test diet containing FOS, DFAIII, and melibiose for 5 wk. Feces and cecal contents were collected to evaluate mineral absorption and cecal fermentation. Results: In experiment 1, calcium absorption in all the disaccharides groups except the cellobiose group, magnesium absorption in all test diet groups, and iron absorption in the FOS, DFAIII, and melibiose groups were higher than those in the control group. In ovariectomized rats (experiment 2), calcium absorption in the DFAIII and melibiose groups, magnesium absorption in all test diet groups, and iron absorption in the DFAIII group alone were higher than those in the control group. Cecal organic acids were positively and pH was negatively correlated with the absorption of these minerals, although the effects varied. Conclusion: Non-digestible disaccharides increase calcium, magnesium, and iron absorption in normal and ovariectomized rats; however, the effects depend on the disaccharide tested, a fact that may be partly associated with the cecal fermentation of these disaccharides. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • H Xu, S Imanishi, K Yamada, H Hara, S Ishizuka
    BIOSCIENCE BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY 69 3 567 - 574 2005年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Using a cell position approach, this study indicates that the frequency of CD161(+) natural killer (NK) cells in the epithelia of DA rats was greater than that of WKAH and F344 rats. We further divided the epithelia into proliferating and differentiated regions according to the localization of BrdU-incorporated cells. Comparison between the different regions indicates that a majority of CD161(+) NK cells were located in the proliferating region. With age, a decline in the number of CD161(+) NK cells and CD8(+) intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) was observed in the distal colon, especially in the proliferating region of all three strains. Taken together with our previous report that DA rats have far stronger resistance in the colon to preneoplastic lesion than do other strains, these results indicate that CD161(+) NK cells play an important role in immune-surveillance at the bottom of the crypt.
  • S Ishizuka, S Tanaka, H Xu, H Hara
    EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE 229 9 876 - 884 2004年10月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Intestinal crypts are composed of a well-defined hierarchy of epithelial cells, and proliferating epithelial cells reside close to the bottom of the crypts-even in the large intestine. We investigated whether CD8(+) and CD4(+) intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) and CD161(+) natural killer (NK) cells localized in proliferating or differentiated epithelial region of cecum and colon. Both proliferating epithelial layer cells and the immune cells along the longitudinal crypt axis of the large intestine were measured histochemically. Dietary intervention revealed that the physiological localization of the immune cells in the longitudinal crypt axis depended on the immune cell type. CD8(+) IELs were preferentially located among differentiated epithelial cells. In contrast, CD161(+) NK cells were located adjacent to the epithelial cells at the bottom of crypt. Cecal crypts contained significantly larger numbers of CD8(+) IELs than did colonic crypts. However, there was only a minor population of CD4(+) IEL in the cecal and colonic epithelia. Some dietary fibers increased the densities of CD8(+) IELs and CD161(+) NK cells in the cecum, with the magnitude of response varying among the types of fiber. There was a significant relationship between SCFA and the localization of immune cells, especially CD8(+) IEL and CD161(+) NK cells, which are considered to be involved in the maintenance of epithelial homeostasis.
  • P Asvarujanon, S Ishizuka, H Hara
    BIOSCIENCE BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY 68 8 1737 - 1742 2004年08月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Psyllium husk, a highly viscous fiber, has beneficial effects for health, but has been reported to inhibit absorption of calcium. The present study found the effects of fiber viscosity on calcium, magnesium, and zinc absorption with partially degraded psyllium preparations to be one fifth viscosity (LD-HP) and one seventieth viscosity (HD-HP) using normal and ovariectomized rats. Magnesium absorption was reduced with ingestion of intact psyllium (50 g/kg diet) for 4 weeks but this reduced absorption was increased with lower viscous psyllium preparations. Moreover, the absorption in the HD-HP group was higher than in the control group (100 g cellulose/kg diet) in ovariectomized rats. Changes in calcium and zinc absorption were similar to those in magnesium absorption. Cecal pH was reduced only in rats fed HD-HP in both normal and ovariectomized rats. These results indicate that reduction of psyllium viscosity tends to counter inhibitory effects on mineral absorption.
  • K Afsana, K Shiga, S Ishizuka, H Hara
    BIOSCIENCE BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY 68 3 584 - 592 2004年03月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Interest in the beneficial effects of polyphenols, including tannic acid (TA), is increasing, although, these compounds also have adverse effects; for example, on the absorption of iron (Fe), and possibly other trace minerals. We examined the effect of a graded dose of TA on the absorption of Fe and compared with that of zinc (Zn), copper (Cu) and manganese (Mn) in rats. We also investigated the effect of TA on cecal fermentation which plays a role in absorption. In Experiment 1, to set the optimum dose of Fe, male Sprague-Dawley rats (weighing 70-90 g) after acclimatization were fed with different levels of dietary Fe (5, 10, 20, 30 and 35 mg/ kg). We observed that the hematocrit (Ht), serum Fe concentration and transferrin saturation (%) were each reduced in those rats fed less than 20 mg/kg Fe in a dose-dependant manner. In Experiment 2, the rats were fed with test diets containing the minimum required level of Fe, 30 mg/kg diet, with (5, 10, 15 and 20 g/kg diet) or without TA for a period of three weeks. Feeding a diet containing more than 10 g TA/kg diet, but not 5 g TA/kg diet, reduced the hemoglobin concentration (Hb), Ht and serum Fe concentration due to decreased Fe absorption. In contrast, the Zn, Cu and Mn absorption was not affected by TA feeding. It is also demonstrated that liver Fe, but not the Zn, Cu and Mn contents, were lower in the TA groups than in the TA-free control group. Feeding TA slightly decreased the pH value of the cecal contents with an increase in the major short-chain fatty acid pool. About 15% of the ingested TA were recovered in the feces of each TA-fed group. Our results demonstrate that more than 10 g TA/kg diet induced anemia by reducing the Fe absorption, although there was no effect on the absorption of other important trace-minerals. Our findings suggest that the usual intake of polyphenols is relatively safe, but that a high intake by supplementation or by dietary habit of tannin affects only the Fe level.
  • S Ishizuka, H Sakai, Y Yoshioka
    NUTRITION RESEARCH 23 12 1703 - 1708 2003年12月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We investigated whether intrarectal application of deoxycholate (DCA), taurine, DCA with taurine or taurodeoxycholate modifies the formation of aberrant crypts (ACs) induced by N,N'-dimethylhydrazine in the colorectum of WKAH rats. Administration of DCA led to a significant reduction in the number of aberrant crypt foci (ACF) in the colorectum. Interestingly, the administration of DCA selectively decreased the number of ACF with 1-3 aberrant crypts/focus (AC/focus) more effectively than did that of saline or taurine. As a result, there was an increasein the AC/focus ratio in the WKAH rats administered DCA. In conclusion, increased luminal concentration of DCA with enema resulted in a significant reduction in smaller ACF, which raised the AC/focus ratio in the colorectum of WKAH rats. (C) 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • S Ishizuka, K Martin, C Booth, CS Potten, G de Murcia, A Burkle, TBL Kirkwood
    NUCLEIC ACIDS RESEARCH 31 21 6198 - 6205 2003年11月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) is a key enzyme mediating the cellular response to DNA strand breaks. It plays a critical role in genomic stability and survival of proliferating cells in culture undergoing DNA damage. Intestinal epithelium is the most proliferative tissue in the mammalian body and its stem cells show extreme sensitivity to low-level genotoxic stress. We investigated the role of PARP-1 in the in vivo damage response of intestinal stem cells in crypts of PARP-1(-/-) and control mice following whole-body gamma-irradiation (1 Gy). In the PARP-1(-/-) mice there was a significant delay during the first 6 h in the transient p53 accumulation in stem cells whereas an increased number of cells were positive for p21(CIP1/WAF1). Either no or only marginal differences were noted in MDM2 expression, apoptosis, induction of or recovery from mitotic blockage, or inhibition of DNA synthesis. We further observed a dose-dependent reduction in crypt survival measured at 4 days post-irradiation in control mice, and this crypt-killing effect was significantly potentiated in PARP-1(-/-) mice. Our results thus establish that PARP-1 acts as a survival factor for intestinal stem cells in vivo and suggest a functional link with early p53 and p21(CIP1/WAF1) responses.
  • K Afsana, K Shiga, S Ishizuka, H Hara
    JOURNAL OF NUTRITION 133 11 3553 - 3560 2003年11月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Dietary tannic acid (TA) inhibits iron absorption and some indigestible oligosaccharides have been shown to promote mineral absorption. In this study, we examined whether difructose anhydride III (DFA III) or fructooligosaccharide (FOS) stimulate iron absorption in TA-fed rats. Two experiments were conducted using male Sprague-Dawley rats (weighing 90-110 g) in a randomized block design. Rats were fed control, DFA III or FOS (30 g/kg) diets in expt. 1, and control, TAcontrol, TAFOS or TADFA III (TA, 15 g/kg) diets in expt. 2 for 3 wk during which blood sampling was performed weekly and fecal collection twice. In expt. 1, apparent iron absorption was higher (P < 0.001) in the DFA III-fed (65.7 and 55.9%, d 8-10 and 19-21) and FOS-fed (59.9%, d 19-21) groups than in the control group (48.4 and 45.4%, d 8-10 and 19-21) without differences in blood hemoglobin concentrations or hematocrits. TA feeding reduced hemoglobin concentrations and hematocrits (119.1 g/L, 0.360; P < 0.001), and the feeding of TADFA III partially improved this anemic condition (129.6 g/L, 0.403), whereas TAFOS feeding did not influence these variables (120.6 g/L, 0.342; expt. 2). Iron absorption was lower in the TA-fed groups (19.8%; P < 0.001) than in the control group (49.4%), whereas the absorption in both TA-fed indigestible sugar groups was higher (DFA III, 43.2 and 38.2%, d 8-10 and 19-21; FOS, 39.4%, d 8-10; P < 0.001) than in the TA-control group except for the TAFOS-fed group (25.1%, d 19-21). Serum iron concentrations, unsaturated iron-binding capacities, total iron-binding capacities and transferrin saturations (%) were not improved by the feeding of TADFA III or TAFOS. Furthermore, liver iron concentrations were decreased by TA feeding (P < 0.001) and were not increased by the feeding of indigestible sugars. The feeding of DFA III or FOS decreased the pH of the cecal contents (P < 0.001) while increasing major organic acid pools. In all groups fed TA, similar to18% of the ingested TA was recovered in the feces. Our results demonstrate that TA reduces iron absorption and induces anemia, conditions that are partially prevented by the feeding of DFA III, but not FOS.
  • S Ishizuka, A Takeuchi, M Hagio, M Mohara, H Sakai, K Yamada
    CANCER LETTERS 196 2 135 - 141 2003年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    DNA damage such as chemical carcinogen or gamma-rays induces aberrant crypts in the rat colorectum. We demonstrated that formation of aberrant crypts is different among inbred rat strains (WKAH, DA and F344/N). DA had less preneoplastic lesions in the colorectum than the others regardless of the way of DNA damage. We analyzed changes in in vivo number of colonic epithelial cells undergo mitosis, DNA synthesis and apoptosis following DNA damage histochemically. It is indicated that rapid onset of G(1) arrest and termination of G(2)/M arrest and apoptosis in damaged epithelial cells is important to reduce subsequent formation of the preneoplastic lesions. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • S Ishizuka, T Nagai, H Hara
    NUTRITION RESEARCH 23 1 117 - 122 2003年01月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    To investigate the effect of dietary polydextrose on development of aberrant crypt foci (ACF), we fed rats with polydextrose-containing diet in various timing before or after 1,2-dimethythydrazine (DMH) injection and measured ACF parameters. Every parameter for ACF was significantly reduced in the rats fed polydextrose from day 7 before DMH injection than in the fiber-free diet fed rats. This study shows that ingestion of polydextrose has protective effect on ACF especially in the rectum and the timing of dietary treatment is critical for inhibition of ACF development. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.
  • A Kimura, H Kumura, S Ishizuka, K Mikawa, K Shimazaki, Z Saito
    MILCHWISSENSCHAFT-MILK SCIENCE INTERNATIONAL 58 11-12 609 - 611 2003年 [査読無し][通常論文]
     
    The lipolytic activity of Lactococcus lactis ssp. cremoris was analyzed using gas chromatography and an agar plate method. A cell free extract obtained by sonication of the living cells was inactive toward milk fat triglycerides. However, production of free fatty acids by the cell free extract was detected when the substrate had been pretreated with indigenous bovine milk lipase. In the cell free extract, monoglyceride lipase activity was detected, independent of the number of carbons in the fatty acids. Thus, it was concluded that the bovine milk lipase degraded milk fat triglycerides to monoglycerides, which were then ready to be hydrolyzed by a monoglyceride lipase in the cell free extract to release free fatty acids. It is likely that the lipolytic contribution of this bacterial strain contributes to flavour development during cheese ripening, due mainly to the hydrolytic activity toward monoglycerides in cheese curd.
  • S Ishizuka, S Tanaka
    EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE 227 11 1017 - 1021 2002年12月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We studied whether ingestion of dietary fiber modifies the distribution of intraepithelial lymphocytes (IIEL) in a physiological condition. Male WKAH rats were fed diets either with fiber (sugar beet fiber or crystalline cellulose, 100 g/kg diet each) or without fiber for 3 weeks. The number of CD8(+), CD4(+), and NKR-P1(+) IIEL per epithelial layer in the crypt section of the cecum, proximal colon, and distal colon were scored by immunohistochemical staining. We found that the proportion of CD8(+) IEL was greater in the cecal mucosa and was gradually reduced toward the distal large intestine in general. In contrast, there was no difference in the proportion of CD4(+) and NKR-P1(+) IEL in the large intestine. Dietary sugar beet fiber, but not crystalline cellulose, increased the proportion of CD8(+) IEL, especially in the cecal mucosa, but not the CD4(+) and NKR-P1(+) IEL. Analysis of cecal organic acid concentration confirmed higher concentrations of acetate and butyrate, and lower concentration of succinate and isovalerate, in the cecum of the rats fed sugar beet fiber than other diets. These results indicate that ingestion of some dietary fiber modulates local cell proliferation of a progenitor of CD8(+) IEL or promotes homing of CD8(+) T cells into the large intestinal epithelium, most likely via the fermentation in the luminal contents.
  • S Ishizuka, S Ito, T Kasai, H Hara
    RADIATION RESEARCH 154 3 261 - 267 2000年09月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Gamma radiation induces diarrhea as an acute injury, We have studied whether ingestion of sugar beet fiber influences radiation-induced diarrhea, Abdominal irradiation with gamma rays induced diarrhea in male Wistar/ST rats from 2 to 7 days after a single sublethal dose. The body weight of the irradiated rats was decreased temporarily at 4 days after irradiation regardless of the ingestion of sugar beet fiber, At day 8, it returned to almost the same level as that of unirradiated rats. A change in daily food intake resulted in a pattern similar to that for body weight. Dietary sugar beet fiber had little significant effect on the changes in body weight and daily food intake, and its ingestion significantly decreased gamma-ray-induced diarrhea, Changes in biochemical and histological parameters in intestinal mucosa (small intestine, cecum and colon) were not greatly influenced by the ingestion of sugar beet fiber through the periods of diarrhea, It was concluded that dietary sugar beet fiber ameliorated the diarrhea induced by abdominal irradiation. We suggest that the inhibitory effect of the ingestion of sugar beet fiber Is due to its effects on the luminal environment, such as support for bacterial function in the luminal contents in the colon of animals that ingest sugar beet fiber, (C) 2000 by Radiation Research Society.
  • T Nagai, S Ishizuka, H Hara, Y Aoyama
    JOURNAL OF NUTRITION 130 7 1682 - 1687 2000年07月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We demonstrated recently that gamma-irradiation can induce aberrant crypt fool (ACF) in the rat colorectum, The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of dietary sugar beet fiber (SBF) on the distribution of the CD8(+) intraepithelial lymphocyte (IEL) in the colorectum and on the number of gamma-irradiation-induced ACF of rats administered anti-asialo GM1 (alpha AGM1) as an immunosuppressant. Wistar/ST rats fed a fiber-free diet or the diet supplemented with SBF (100 g/kg diet) were administrated alpha AGM1 or normal rabbit serum as a control during the initiation period with gamma-irradiation. At 5 and 9 wk after the first irradiation, ACF and total aberrant crypts (AC) per area in the colorectum were counted. The numbers of ACF (P = 0.0010) and AC (P = 0.0635) per unit area were lower in the SBF-fed group than in the rats fed the fiber-free diet. alpha AGM1 administration significantly raised the number of ACF (P = 0.0001) and AC (P = 0.0006) per area in the colorectum. Moreover, alpha AGM1 administration during the initiation period reduced the number of CD8(+) IEL per 100 cells in the epithelial layer (P = 0.0001) of the colon. These results demonstrate that reduction of the number of CD8(+) IEL per 100 cells in the epithelial layer as a result of alpha AGM1 administration promotes the formation of irradiation-induced ACF in the colorectum. The number of CD8(+) IEL per 100 cells in epithelial layer was lower in the group fed the fiber-free diet than in the SBF-fed group (P = 0.0522). These results indicated that the ingestion of dietary SBF suppressed gamma-irradiation-induced ACF formation through the immune surveillance in the colorectal mucosa.
  • S Ishizuka, S Ito, M Onuma, T Kasai, K Aoyama, H Hara
    CARCINOGENESIS 20 6 1005 - 1009 1999年06月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The induction of aberrant crypt foci (ACF) by irradiation of gamma-rays (Co-60), and the effect of dietary sugar beet fiber (SBF) on irradiation-induced ACF were examined. We found that abdominal irradiation of gamma-rays could induce ACF in the rat colon. The irradiation was performed once a week at a dose rate of 2 or 3 Gy per irradiation. Irradiation-induced ACF were observed in the colon at 10 weeks after the first irradiation at dose of 2 Gy for six times or 3 Gy for four times. Dietary SBF had no effect on the number of ACF, aberrant crypts (AC) or AC/focus induced by abdominal gamma-irradiation. However, an ingestion of SBF resulted in an increase in the number of these parameters in apoptosis-suppressed rats by cycloheximide (CHX). An injection of CHX suppressed irradiation-induced apoptosis of the colonic epithelial cells for at least 6 h after the irradiation. In CHX-injected rats, an ingestion of SBF significantly increased the number of ACF, AC and AC/focus compared with fiber-free fed rats at 9 weeks after the first irradiation. On the other hand, in saline-injected rats, no significant difference was found between SBF and fiber-free diets in the number of ACF, AC and AC/focus through the experimental period. These results suggest that dietary SBF may be involved in the elimination of abnormal cells from an irradiated colon through the apoptosis of colonic epithelial cells, In this study, we have shown a new method for inducing ACF by using gamma-rays which were not influenced by luminal contents such as bacterial enzyme, at least in the initiation stage.
  • S Ishizuka, T Kasai
    JOURNAL OF NUTRITIONAL SCIENCE AND VITAMINOLOGY 43 6 665 - 671 1997年12月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We investigated whether dietary wheat bran (Wb) influences the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA)-labeling index (LI) of the colorectum of rats after the injection of 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH). Male Wistar/ST rats were divided into four groups and given either a fiber-free diet or diets supplemented with Wb at the expense of the whole diet (5, 10 or 20 g/100 g diet). Then, they were subcutaneously injected with a single dose of DMH (20 mg/kg body weight) or the vehicle. At four weeks after the treatment, frozen sections of the colorectum were immunostained with anti-PCNA antibody (19F4). In the fiber-free group, DMH treatment significantly increased the PCNA-LI of the distal colon and rectum. Among the DMH treatment groups, the PCNA-LI of the distal colon in the Wb 5 g/100 g diet group was significantly lower than that in the fiber-free group. The PCNA-LI of the distal colon tended to increase as the amount of Wb supplemented was increased in the DMH-treated groups except for the fiber-free group. A similar trend was observed for the rectum. In conclusion, the ingestion of Wb diminished the increase in PCNA-LI in rat colorectum induced by DMH injection.
  • S Ishizuka, T Kasai
    CANCER LETTERS 121 1 39 - 43 1997年12月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    Anti-asialo GM(1) serum (AGM1) reduces natural killer (NK) activity in vitro and in vivo. We investigated the effect of ingestion of sugar beet fiber (SBF) on 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH)-induced aberrant crypt foci (ACF) and whether the effect was maintained under NK-reducing conditions by AGM1 injection. The ingestion of SBF decreased the number of ACF in the colorectum at 4 weeks after treatment with DMH. Dietary SBF had a suppressive effect on the formation of ACF regardless of the administration of AGM1. These results suggest that the suppressive effect created by the ingestion of SBF may overwhelm the effect of AGM1 treatment on ACF formation. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.
  • S Ishizuka, K Sonoyama, T Kasai
    BIOSCIENCE BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY 61 8 1337 - 1341 1997年08月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We investigated the effect of dietary wheat bran (Wb) on colonic tumorigenesis soon after a single administration of 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH). Rats that had been fed on either a fiber-free diet or a 20% Wb diet were injected with 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (20 mg/kg body weight). At 6 h, 12 h, 1 d, 3 d, or 7 d after the injection, the colorectum was excised for histological analyses, The number of crypt cells more rapidly recovered in the 20% Wb group than in the fiber-free group after its temporary reduction by injection of DMH. At 6h after the DMH treatment, the apoptotic cells were significantly greater in number in the fiber-free group than in the 20% Wb group, In contrast, those in distal colon were significantly fewer in the fiber-free group than in the 20% Wb group at 7 d after the treatment, These results suggest that the ingestion of Wb affected the turnover of colonic epithelial cells and would thereby bring about a protective effect against DMH-induced tumorigenesis.
  • S Ishizuka, T Kasai
    BIOSCIENCE BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY 60 12 2084 - 2085 1996年12月 [査読無し][通常論文]
     
    The frequency of appearance of aberrant crypt foci (ACF) in the distal colon was significantly lower in rats fed a high fiber (20% wheat bran) diet than in those fed a fiber-free one at 4 weeks after a single injection of 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH, 20 mg/kg), although crypt/ACF was high in the former relative to the latter, This result suggests that dietary wheat bran effectively serves as a regulator of ACF frequency at early stages after DMH injection.
  • S Ishizuka, T Nagai, T Kasai
    JOURNAL OF NUTRITIONAL SCIENCE AND VITAMINOLOGY 42 6 603 - 608 1996年12月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    We investigated the influence of the administration of anti-asialo GM(1) antibody on aberrant crypt foci (ACF) formation induced by a single injection of 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH). At four weeks after the injection of DMH (20 mg/kg body weight), the number of ACF and aberrant crypts were counted. Most ACF appeared in the distal large bowel, accounting for approximately 60% of the total ACF in both groups. Rats administered anti-asialo GM(1) had significantly more ACF in the distal colon, the rectum and the total large bowel as compared to control rats. A similar tendency was observed for the number of aberrant crypts. The increased number of ACF resulting from the administration of anti-asialo GM(1) was not accompanied by the enlargement of ACF size in every part of the colon. This study demonstrated that the administration of anti-asialo GM(1) at the initiation stage leads to an increase in ACF as well as aberrant crypts in the distal colon, rectum and total large bowel probably via the suppression of natural killer cells.
  • S ISHIZUKA, K SONOYAMA, R NIKI
    JOURNAL OF NUTRITIONAL SCIENCE AND VITAMINOLOGY 40 4 363 - 369 1994年08月 [査読有り][通常論文]
     
    The frequency of apoptosis after treatment with 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH) was counted in the descending colonic and rectal crypts of food-deprived and fed rats. Food-deprived or fed rats were subcutaneously injected with DMH (100 mg/kg body weight). Six hours after the injection, apoptotic cells were observed in crypt regions by light microscopy. The incidence of DMH-induced apoptosis in food-deprived rats was significantly higher than in fed rats. The incidence appeared to be higher in descending colon than in rectum. PAS staining revealed that DMH treatment lowered mucin secretion in crypts, which was substantially lowered by food deprivation. The effect of food deprivation on apoptosis induced by DMH may be due to the decrease in mucus barrier against DMH.
  • 生乳の均質化処理がチ−ズの遊離脂肪酸含量に及ぼす影響
    石塚 敏, 齋藤 善一
    北海道大学農学部邦文紀要 19 2 289 - 294 1994年 [査読有り][通常論文]

書籍

  • Metabolic Profiling, Methods in Molecular Biology
    (担当:分担執筆範囲:Bile acid analysis in various biological samples using ultra performance liquid chromatography/electrospray mass spectrometry (UPLC/ESI-MS))
    Humana Press, Springer 2011年
  • 消化管の栄養・生理と腸内細菌
    (担当:分担執筆範囲:腸管免疫系細胞の存在位置とその粘膜恒常性維持における役割)
    Hindgut Club Japan 2010年

講演・口頭発表等

  • ゲノム編集の基礎知識  [通常講演]
    石塚 敏
    食の安全委員会メンバーによる食の学習会「ゲノム編集食品ってなに?」 2019年11月 公開講演,セミナー,チュートリアル,講習,講義等
  • 腸内環境を介する食の作用 機能性食品の作用評価事例  [通常講演]
    石塚 敏
    日本薬局協励会 令和元年度学術繁栄講座 2019年10月 公開講演,セミナー,チュートリアル,講習,講義等
  • 未病としての軽度亜鉛欠乏  [通常講演]
    石塚 敏
    第8回愛媛大学食品健康科学研究セミナー 2019年09月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • 肝脂質蓄積におけるオリゴ糖の関与  [通常講演]
    石塚 敏
    食成分・栄養研究会セミナー・細胞工学研究会講演会 2019年06月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • 実験動物で未病状態を再現する  [通常講演]
    石塚 敏
    食成分・栄養研究会セミナー 2018年10月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • 糖代謝と胆汁酸  [通常講演]
    石塚 敏
    第7回愛媛大学食品健康科学研究セミナー 2018年09月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • 胆汁酸とミトコンドリア  [通常講演]
    石塚 敏
    7 Seas Project Research Meeting 2018年08月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • 糖代謝変動における胆汁酸の寄与  [通常講演]
    石塚 敏
    第8回オルソオルガノジェネシス検討会 2018年07月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • 高脂肪食による胆汁酸代謝変動と耐糖能異常  [通常講演]
    石塚 敏
    第361回細胞工学研究会講演会 2018年06月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • 胆汁酸代謝から未病に迫る  [通常講演]
    石塚 敏
    第358回細胞工学研究会講演会 2017年12月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • 生体試料からの胆汁酸抽出・分析とその応用例  [通常講演]
    石塚 敏
    7 Seas Projectプレミーティング 2017年02月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • 胆汁酸の代謝解析と関連病態  [通常講演]
    石塚 敏
    7 Seas Projectプレキックオフミーティング 2016年10月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • 胆汁酸代謝に着目した新規病態モデルの確立  [通常講演]
    石塚 敏
    第5回愛媛大学食品健康科学研究セミナー 2016年09月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • 食品表示制度を踏まえた食素材開発事例-機能性評価での研究者の役割-  [通常講演]
    石塚 敏
    西川町・山形大学合同企画「西川町らしい健康・食品産業を考える」 2016年06月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • からだを元気にする食  [通常講演]
    石塚 敏
    親子講座 あぐり大学 2016年03月 公開講演,セミナー,チュートリアル,講習,講義等
  • 胆汁酸代謝と生活習慣病  [通常講演]
    石塚 敏
    分子細胞生物学セミナー 2015年12月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • 胆汁酸代謝と消化管関連病態  [通常講演]
    石塚 敏
    第3回愛媛大学食品健康科学研究セミナー 2015年09月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Metabolism of bile salts and intestinal microbiota.  [招待講演]
    石塚 敏
    Japanese Society of Gastroenterology – Asian-Pacific Association of Gastroenterology joint Conference, The 5th Asian Pacific Topic Conference. 2014年10月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • 胆汁酸分子種の多様性と代謝性疾患における役割  [招待講演]
    石塚 敏
    第68回日本栄養・食糧学会大会 2014年06月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • 生体機能調節因子としての亜鉛  [招待講演]
    石塚 敏
    健康食品管理士会北海道支部研修会 2014年05月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Pathological aspects of bile acids: its metabolism and possible roles in metabolic syndrome.  [招待講演]
    石塚 敏
    16th Seoul National University Hokkaido University joint symposium. 2013年12月 口頭発表(招待・特別)
  • Zinc as a key factor in experimental colitis and cytokine productions in isolated mesenteric leukocytes in rats.  [通常講演]
    International Society for Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods 2011年11月 シンポジウム・ワークショップパネル(公募)
  • Dietary sugar beet fiber promotes an accumulation of CD8+ intraepithelial lymphocytes in small intestine in WKAH rats.  [通常講演]
    9th Vahouny dietary fiber symposium 2010年06月 シンポジウム・ワークショップパネル(公募)
  • 胆汁酸の動態と消化管上皮に及ぼす作用  [通常講演]
    第62回日本栄養・食糧学会大会関連学術集会 Hindgut Club Japanサテライトミーティング 2008年05月 シンポジウム・ワークショップパネル(指名)
  • ラット腸粘膜免疫系細胞の食物繊維による局在調節と免疫監視能  [通常講演]
    第4回日本食品免疫学会 2008年05月 シンポジウム・ワークショップパネル(指名)
  • コール酸摂取による腸上皮細胞生存及び増殖の亢進  [通常講演]
    第13回Hindgut Club Japanミーティング 2007年12月 シンポジウム・ワークショップパネル(指名)
  • 胆汁酸による腸上皮の生存促進作用  [通常講演]
    第61回日本栄養・食糧学会大会関連学術集会 Hindgut Club Japanサテライトミーティング 2007年05月 シンポジウム・ワークショップパネル(指名)
  • Dietary fiber: a new modulator for distribution of immune cells around intestinal crypt.  [通常講演]
    8th Vahouny Symposium 2004年09月 シンポジウム・ワークショップパネル(指名)
  • 栄養学的観点から眺めた粘膜免疫に関する一つのアプローチ  [通常講演]
    第57回 日本栄養・食糧学会大会 Hindgut Club Japanサテライトミーティング 2003年05月 シンポジウム・ワークショップパネル(指名)
  • 消化管上皮の恒常性維持に関する基礎的研究  [通常講演]
    第57回 日本栄養・食糧学会大会 2003年05月 シンポジウム・ワークショップパネル(公募)
  • 消化管上皮の増殖と恒常性維持  [通常講演]
    第8回Hindgut Club Japanミーティング 2002年12月 シンポジウム・ワークショップパネル(指名)

その他活動・業績

特許

  • 二次胆汁酸の生成抑制剤
    特許公開2004-244365

受賞

  • 2017年05月 The International Conference of Korean Society of Food Science of Animal Resources and 49th Annual Meeting Postar award
     Ingestion of skim milk cheese modulates bile acid metabolism and cholic acid-induced disorders in rats 
    受賞者: 石塚 敏
  • 2015年11月 6th International Conference on Food Factors Postar award
     Isomaltomegalosaccharides modulation rat macrophage functions in primary culture and cytokine expression in rat intestinal mucosa 
    受賞者: 石塚 敏
  • 2011年11月 International Society for Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods Poster award
     Dietary influence of linear α-1,6-polysaccharides on several parameters under experimental colitis depends on degree of the polymerization
  • 2003年05月 日本栄養・食糧学会 奨励賞
     消化管上皮の恒常性維持に関する基礎的研究 
    受賞者: 石塚 敏
  • 2003年 Young Investigator Award of The Japanese Society for Nutrition and Food Science

共同研究・競争的資金等の研究課題

  • 脂肪肝の発症及び悪化における12α水酸化胆汁酸の関与
    日本学術振興会:科学研究費補助金(基盤研究(B))
    研究期間 : 2019年 -2021年 
    代表者 : 石塚 敏
  • 新規非アルコール性脂肪肝炎モデルを用いた乳製品・プロバイオティクスによる予防効果の検証
    公益財団法人ダノン健康栄養財団:ダノン学術研究助成金 一般研究助成
    研究期間 : 2018年04月 -2019年03月 
    代表者 : 石塚 敏
  • 実験動物における「未病」モデルの確立と食品の生理作用評価への応用
    一般財団法人 糧食研究会:一般公募研究
    研究期間 : 2017年04月 -2018年03月 
    代表者 : 石塚 敏
  • 胆汁酸負荷により体内で増加する化合物の同定と生活習慣病発症における関与
    日本学術振興会:科学研究費補助金(挑戦的萌芽研究)
    研究期間 : 2016年04月 -2018年03月 
    代表者 : 石塚 敏
  • 文部科学省:科学研究費補助金(挑戦的萌芽研究)
    研究期間 : 2012年 -2013年 
    代表者 : 石塚 敏
  • 文部科学省:科学研究費補助金(若手研究(B))
    研究期間 : 2004年 -2006年 
    代表者 : 石塚 敏
     
    本研究では消化管リンパ球の局在とそれにおよぼす食餌成分の影響についてケモカインの関与を検討した。本研究を通じて明らかになったことは以下の通りである。これまでにもパイエル板を除いたラット小腸粘膜固有層からリンパ球の分離が可能であったが、その分離法を改善することにより回収率を上げる事に成功した。また、その方法を基にしてラット大腸粘膜からのリンパ球分離を可能にした。難消化性糖類は上部消化管で吸収されずに大腸へ流入することで、そこに存在する腸内菌に資化されることを考えれば、大腸粘膜におけるリンパ球分離法の確立は今後の重要な課題を解決するための基盤技術となりうる。食餌成分として甜菜繊維(SBF)を用いた場合、WKAHラット盲腸部位におけるCD8^+上皮間リンパ球(IEL)の頻度を有意に増加させたが、小腸でも同様な現象が観察された。興味深いことに、盲腸に比べ小腸での上昇率の方が極めて高いことが明らかになった。しかし、このSBF摂取による小腸でのCD8^+ IEL増加は、ラットの系統により異なることが示された。DAラットではこのような小腸における増加は全く確認されなかった。このことは遺伝的背景により食餌による消化管粘膜リンパ球局在調節機構が異なることを示している。小腸から機械的に陰窩および絨毛部位を分離し、それぞれRT-PCR解析を行ったところ、この部位間で異なる発現を示すものとしてCCL...
  • 文部科学省:科学研究費補助金(奨励研究(A), 若手研究(B))
    研究期間 : 2001年 -2002年 
    代表者 : 石塚 敏
     
    昨年度の実験において、難消化性糖類の摂取によりCD8^+大腸上皮間リンパ球(IEL)の大腸粘膜への集積が生理的な範囲で起こることを明らかにした。今年度はそれ以外にCD4^+ IELとNKR-P1A^+大腸上皮間ナチュラルキラー細胞(IENK)の局在を免疫組織化学的に検討した。NKR-P1A^+ IENKは、近年になってラットのIEL画分よりその存在が明らかになった細胞集団で、NK活性を持ち、IFN-gammaとIL-4を分泌する特殊な細胞集団であることが報告されている。興味深いことに、CD8^+ IELは大腸陰窩中において既に分化した上皮細胞間に存在するのに対し、NKR-P1A^+ IENKは逆に増殖上皮細胞の近傍、すなわち陰窩底部に存在することが陰窩内セルポジションごとの解析により明らかになった。また、NKR-P1A^+ IENKの局在はCD8^+ IEL同様に盲腸に多く、以降遠位に向かって減少することも明らかになった。さらに陰窩内におけるNKR-P1A^+ IELの数はそのCD8^+ IELの数と強い正の相関を示した。これらの局在はこれまでの栄養学的な観点からの標準飼料の摂取では見られず、発酵性の難消化性糖類を添加することにより初めて顕在化されることが盲腸内容物のHPLC分析から示唆された。しかし、その集積は病理的なものではないことは組織化学的解析から明らかである。一方、...
  • 文部科学省:科学研究費補助金(奨励研究(A))
    研究期間 : 1997年 -1998年 
    代表者 : 石塚 敏
     
    大腸癌の前癌病変と考えられているaberrant crypt foci(ACF)は発癌物質の投与だけでなく、低線量のガンマ線照射によっても引き起こされることが我々の研究で明らかになった。大腸癌を誘発させるために比較的よく使われる発ガン物質は大腸管腔内側から作用するものが多い。一方、ガンマ線の場合は直接大腸上皮に作用し、かつ照射時間も数分であるため、比較的腸管腔内容物の影響を受けにくいと考えられる。我々はこのガンマ線誘発ACFが抗アシアロGM1投与により影響されるか、また大腸癌誘発剤である1,2-dimethylhydrazine(DMH)誘発ACFを強力に抑制した甜菜食物繊維(SBF)の摂取がガンマ線誘発ACFに対しても同様な効果を持つのかを検討した。その結果、DMH誘発ACFの場合と同様に抗アシアロGM1の投与はガンマ線誘発ACFの発生頻度を有意に増加させることが明らかになった。SBFの摂取自体はガンマ線誘発ACFに対して影響しないが、抗アシアロGM1投与下ではSBF摂取はACFの増加を有意に抑えた。また、免疫組織化学的研究から、抗アシアロGM1投与により大腸粘膜上皮内におけるCD8陽性細胞の数が有意に減少することが明らかになった。これは抗アシアロGM1投与は大腸上皮間リンパ球に影響を与えることを示唆している。これらの研究から粘膜上皮近傍のCD8陽性細胞数が減少した条件で、...

教育活動情報

主要な担当授業

  • 大学院共通授業科目(一般科目):自然科学・応用科学
    開講年度 : 2018年
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 大学院共通科目
    キーワード : 食品、食糧、機能性、生理活性、消化管、構造解析、機能解析 food, diet, functionality, physiological activity, digestive tract, structural analysis, functional analysis
  • 食資源科学演習
    開講年度 : 2018年
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 農学院
    キーワード : 食品、食糧、機能性、生理活性、消化管、構造解析、機能解析 food, diet, functionality, physiological activity, digestive tract, structural analysis, functional analysis
  • 食資源科学総論
    開講年度 : 2018年
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 農学院
    キーワード : 食品、食糧、機能性、生理活性、消化管、構造解析、機能解析 food, diet, functionality, physiological activity, digestive tract, structural analysis, functional analysis
  • 食品栄養学演習
    開講年度 : 2018年
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 農学院
    キーワード : 食品成分の機能 食品の安全性 難消化性食品成分 消化管免疫 消化管ホルモン 食品ペプチド 生活習慣病 特定保健用食品
  • 食品栄養学特論
    開講年度 : 2018年
    課程区分 : 修士課程
    開講学部 : 農学院
    キーワード : 食品成分の機能 食品の安全性 難消化性食品成分 消化管免疫 消化管ホルモン 食品ペプチド 生活習慣病 特定保健用食品
  • 栄養化学Ⅱ
    開講年度 : 2018年
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 農学部
    キーワード : 分子栄養学
  • 生物機能化学実験Ⅳ
    開講年度 : 2018年
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 農学部
    キーワード : 実験動物、食品、消化、吸収、生理作用
  • 一般教育演習(フレッシュマンセミナー)
    開講年度 : 2018年
    課程区分 : 学士課程
    開講学部 : 全学教育
    キーワード : 食料、安全、作物生産、食品微生物、酵素利用技術、毒物、ガン、アレルギー、メタボリックシンドローム、腸内細菌叢、保健機能食品

大学運営

委員歴

  • 2020年 - 現在   日本栄養・食糧学会   北海道支部 庶務幹事
  • 2017年11月 - 現在   日本栄養・食糧学会   代議員
  • 2010年07月 - 現在   コープさっぽろ 食の安全委員会   委員
  • 2004年 - 現在   日本栄養・食糧学会   参与   日本栄養・食糧学会
  • 2001年 - 現在   Hindgut Club Japan   運営委員   Hindgut Club Japan
  • 2010年 - 2020年   日本栄養・食糧学会   北海道支部 選挙管理委員会 委員長   日本栄養・食糧学会
  • 2015年11月 - 2018年12月   消費者庁   テクニカルアドバイザー(コーデックス食品表示部会,栄養・特殊用途食品部会)
  • 2012年04月 - 2017年03月   日本農芸化学会   北海道支部 庶務幹事   日本農芸化学会
  • 2005年 - 2015年   日本栄養・食糧学会   北海道支部 庶務幹事
  • 2009年09月 - 2011年08月   内閣府消費者委員会 食品表示部会   委員
  • 2009年05月 - 2011年04月   日本栄養・食糧学会   学会活動強化委員会 委員   日本栄養・食糧学会
  • 2011年   日本農芸化学会   北海道支部 選挙管理委員会 委員   日本農芸化学会
  • 2009年04月 - 2010年03月   日本農芸化学会   代議員   日本農芸化学会
  • 1995年 - 2004年   日本栄養・食糧学会   北海道支部 会計幹事


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